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1.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(1): 781-795, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34993118

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the symmetry of interocular choroidal thickness and vascularity index measurements in normal eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Cross-sectional and observational study. This study included 244 eyes of 122 normal adults with ages uniformly distributed from 19 to 89 years. Methods: SS-OCT imaging was performed using a scanning pattern of 12×12 mm. Mean choroidal thickness (MCT) and choroidal vascularity index (CVI) measurements in the entire scanning region were obtained using a validated and published automatic method. The correlation and differences (including signed and absolute differences) between bilateral MCT and CVI measurements were analyzed at the following 6 regions: 3 concentric circles centered on the fovea with diameters of 2.5, 5, and 11 mm; the inner rim from 2.5 to 5 mm circle; the outer rim from 5 to 11 mm circle; and the entire 12×12-mm scan region, respectively. Comparison of interocular MCT and CVI measurements. Results: MCT measurements in right and left eyes were strongly correlated in all regions [all intraclass correlation (ICC) >0.73], but MCT measurements in right eyes were significantly thicker than in left eyes. CVI measurements in right and left eyes were moderately correlated in all regions (all ICC >0.46), but CVI measurements in right eyes were significantly smaller than that in left eyes in the macular subregions (2.5 mm circle, 5 mm circle, and the inner rim). Neither signed nor absolute interocular differences in MCT were correlated with corresponding CVI interocular differences. Conclusions: Choroidal differences exist between normal fellow eyes in adults in the absence of obvious pathology. This study is useful in assisting clinicians and researchers in distinguishing asymmetric changes that are to be expected in normal eyes versus changes that could be associated with diseases.

2.
Cryobiology ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990639

RESUMO

Pollen contains all the haploid genetic information of species and is of great significance to preserve germplasm resources safely and effectively. The acquisition of high quality materials is a very important step in germplasm preservation. This study compared the viability and physiological condition of Paeonia lactiflora pollen from several provenances after preservation, to explore the effect of provenance difference on pollen viability and physiological responses after preservation. The results showed that: the pollen viability of two cultivars were significantly different in provenances after preserved at -20 °C or liquid nitrogen (LN) for 3 months, the pollen viability of 'Fen Yu Nu' showed Lanzhou > Beijing > Luoyang > Heze, while the pollen viability of 'Zi Feng Chao Yang' showed Luoyang > Beijing > Heze. Similarly, the oxidative stress levels of the Paeonia lactiflora pollen after preservation with LN or -20 °C were also significantly different among the provenances, and there was a relationship between the viability and the oxidative stress levels produced by the provenances differences. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) content, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and glutamate reductase (GR) activity in pollen from different provenances were contrary to the changes of viability; while catalase (CAT), ascorbic acid peroxidase (APX), ascorbic acid (AsA) and glutathione (GSH) were consistent with the changes of viability. The results indicated that the responses of antioxidant systems of two cultivars pollen to preservation with LN or -20 °C were different in provenances, and this difference was one of the reasons for the different viability of pollen after preservation with LN or -20 °C.

3.
BMJ Open ; 12(1): e052137, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996789

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms in patients with cancer and is responsible for a reduced quality of life. There is a strong evidence base for mind-body interventions (MBIs) to manage cancer-related fatigue (CRF). However, the efficacy of Tai Chi and other MBIs in the treatment of CRF remains controversial. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will perform a systematic review and network meta-analyses (NMAs) that aim to assess the effects of Tai Chi and other MBIs in patients with CRF. The following databases will be searched from their inception to 1 August 2021: PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, OVID, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal Database, Chinese Biomedical Database and Wan Fang Digital Journals. We will include randomised controlled trials that compare MBIs with no treatment, placebo and usual care in the treatment of CRF. The primary outcome will be changes in the fatigue state as evaluated by validated scales. We will perform a Bayesian NMA to analyse all the evidence for each outcome. The surface under the cumulative ranking curve and the mean ranks will be used to rank the various treatments. We will assess the quality of evidence contributing to network estimates of outcomes using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system framework. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This NMAs will be disseminated through publication in a peer-reviewed journal. Since no individual patient data will be involved in the review, ethics approval and concerns about privacy are not needed. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021244999.

4.
mSystems ; : e0126121, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35014869

RESUMO

Multiomic analyses reported here involved two lines of chickens, from a common founder population, that had undergone long-term selection for high (HWS) or low (LWS) 56-day body weight. In these lines that differ by around 15-fold in body weight, we observed different compositions of intestinal microbiota in the holobionts and variation in DNA methylation, mRNA expression, and microRNA profiles in the ceca. Insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1) was the most upregulated gene in HWS ceca with its expression likely affected by the upregulation of expression of gga-miR-2128 and a methylated region near its transcription start site (388 bp). Correlation analysis showed that IGF2BP1 expression was associated with an abundance of microbes, such as Lactobacillus and Methanocorpusculum. These findings suggest that IGF2BP1 was regulated in the hologenome in adapting to long-term artificial selection for body weight. Our study provides evidence that adaptation of the holobiont can occur in the microbiome as well as in the epigenetic profile of the host. IMPORTANCE The hologenome concept has broadened our perspectives for studying host-microbe coevolution. The multiomic analyses reported here involved two lines of chickens, from a common founder population, that had undergone long-term selection for high (HWS) or low (LWS) 56-day body weight. In these lines that differ by around 15-fold in body weight, we observed different compositions of intestinal microbiota in the holobionts, and variation in DNA methylation, mRNA expression, and microRNA profiles in ceca. The insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1) was the most upregulated gene in HWS ceca with its expression likely affected by a methylated region near its transcription start site and the upregulation of expression of gga-miR-2128. Correlation analysis also showed that IGF2BP1 expression was associated with the abundance of microbes, such as Lactobacillus and Methanocorpusculum. These findings suggest that IGF2BP1 was regulated in the hologenome in response to long-term artificial selection for body weight. Our study shows that the holobiont may adapt in both the microbiome and the host's epigenetic profile.

5.
Cell Rep ; 38(2): 110237, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34982967

RESUMO

Recently identified severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants Mu and C.1.2 have spike proteins with mutations that may confer resistance to natural and vaccine-elicited antibodies. Analysis of neutralizing antibody titers in the sera of vaccinated individuals without previous history of infection and from convalescent individuals show partial resistance of the viruses. In contrast, sera from individuals with a previous history of SARS-CoV-2 infection who were subsequently vaccinated neutralize variants with titers 4- to 11-fold higher, providing a rationale for vaccination of individuals with previous infection. The heavily mutated C.1.2 spike is the most antibody neutralization-resistant spike to date; however, the avidity of C.1.2 spike protein for angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is low. This finding suggests that the virus evolved to escape the humoral response but has a decrease in fitness, suggesting that it may cause milder disease or be less transmissible. It may be difficult for the spike protein to evolve to escape neutralizing antibodies while maintaining high affinity for ACE2.

6.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132113, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826891

RESUMO

With rising concerns in the practical application of biochar for the remediation of environment influenced by various organic contaminants, a critical review to facilitate insights the crucial role that biochar has played in wastewater and polluted soil decontamination is urgently needed. This research therefore aimed to describe different intriguing dimensions of biochar interactions with organic contaminants, which including: (i) an introduction of biochar preparation and the related physicochemical properties, (ii) an overview of mechanisms and factors controlling the adsorption of organic contaminants onto biochar, and (iii) a summary of the challenges and an outlook of the further research needs in this issue. In the light of the survey consequences, the appearance of biochar indicates the potential in substituting the existing costly adsorbents, and it has been proved that biochar is one promising adsorbent for organic pollutants adsorption removal from water and soil. However, some research gaps, such as dynamic adsorption, potential environmental risks, interactions between biochar and soil microbes, novel modification techniques, need to be further investigated to facilitate its practical application. This research will be conductive to better understanding the adsorption removal of organic contaminants by biochar.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Poluentes do Solo , Adsorção , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
7.
Food Chem ; 369: 130886, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455320

RESUMO

A simple and sensitive method based on surface molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (SMISPE) combined with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed to determine the residues of vancomycin (VCM) and norvancomycin (NVCM) in milk samples. The imprinted polymer prepared with teicoplanin as a virtual template can specifically recognize VCM and NVCM. The samples were purified with SMISPE and analyzed by LC-MS/MS in positive ionization mode. The results showed that the VCM and NVCM had a good linear correlation in the range of 0.5 µg/kg to 50 µg/kg. The recoveries of target analytes were from 83.3% to 92.1%, and the limits of quantification were both 1.0 µg/kg. The matrix effects of VCM and NVCM were -11.0% and -3.43%, respectively. The proposed method can efficiently eliminate the interference from matrix compounds and reduce baseline noise, which is useful for the monitoring of the residues of VCM and NVCM in milk samples.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Leite , Extração em Fase Sólida , Vancomicina/análogos & derivados
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1729-1736, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500171

RESUMO

During the production of micro lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), which are widely used in wireless headphones and other small portable devices, numerous factors can affect their quality, among which the content of water plays a crucial role. In this work, the influence of water in electrodes on the performances of micro LIBs is studied deeply. When the content of water increases, both the rate performance and the cycling performance of the batteries fade. The discharge capacity retention of the battery from high water content sample group H (group H) is 81.81% after 350 cycles at 2C, while that of the battery from low water content sample group L (group L) is 89.89% under the same condition. As for the rate performance, the discharge capacity of group H is only 58.66% of group L at 5C. To take a step further, it is mainly because an overgrowth of the solid electrolyte interphase film happen with the growth of water content. Accordingly, excess lithium ions are consumed and the porous structure of the anode is destroyed. Considering the results above, we believe that this work can offer a theory foundation to carry out the failure analysis of micro batteries.

9.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 6523-6542, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34887675

RESUMO

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent chronic joint disease globally. Loss of extracellular matrix (ECM) by chondrocytes is a classic feature of OA. Inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin-18 (IL-18), secreted mainly by macrophages, promote expression of matrix degrading proteins and further aggravate progression of OA. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25VD) modulates inflammation thus exerting protective effects on cartilage tissue. However, the underlying mechanisms of 1,25VD activity have not been fully elucidated. Methods: The destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM)-induced mice model of OA was established to investigate the protective effects of 1,25VD by micro-CT and Safranin-O and Fast Green staining. And the co-culture system between THP-1 cells and primary chondrocytes was constructed to explore the effects of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and 1,25VD on chondrogenic proliferation, apoptosis, and migration. The immunofluorescence staining and Western blot analysis were used to detect the expressions of ECM proteins and matrix degradation-associated proteases. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to examine the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines. Results: The findings of the study showed that 1,25VD prevented cartilage degeneration and osteophyte formation by inhibiting secretion of inflammatory cytokines in OA mice model. These protective effects were exerted through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Further studies showed that 1,25VD increased ubiquitination level of NLRP3 by binding to VDR, resulting in decrease in IL-1ß and IL-18 secretion. These findings indicate that 1,25VD binds to VDR thus preventing chondrogenic ECM degradation by modulating macrophage NLRP3 activation and secretion of inflammatory cytokines, thus alleviating OA progression. Conclusion: Here, our study suggests that 1,25VD, targeting to VDR, prevents chondrogenic ECM degradation through regulating macrophage NLRP3 activation and inflammatory cytokines secretion, thereby alleviating OA. These findings provide information on a novel molecular mechanism for application of 1,25VD as OA therapy.

10.
J Mol Biol ; 434(2): 167369, 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852272

RESUMO

The highly conserved multifunctional polymerase-associated factor 1 (Paf1) complex (PAF1C), which consists of five core subunits: Ctr9, Paf1, Leo1, Cdc73, and Rtf1, acts as a diverse hub that regulates all stages of RNA polymerase II-mediated transcription and various other cellular functions. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we report the crystal structure of the core module derived from a quaternary Ctr9/Paf1/Cdc73/Rtf1 complex of S. cerevisiae PAF1C, which reveals interfaces between the tetratricopeptide repeat module in Ctr9 and Cdc73 or Rtf1, and find that the Ctr9/Paf1 subcomplex is the key scaffold for PAF1C assembly. Our study demonstrates that Cdc73 binds Ctr9/Paf1 subcomplex with a very similar conformation within thermophilic fungi or human PAF1C, and that the binding of Cdc73 to PAF1C is important for yeast growth. Importantly, our structure reveals for the first time that the extreme C-terminus of Rtf1 adopts an "L"-shaped structure, which interacts with Ctr9 specifically. In addition, disruption of the binding of either Cdc73 or Rtf1 to PAF1C greatly affects the normal level of histone H2B K123 monoubiquitination in vivo. Collectively, our results provide a structural insight into the architecture of the quaternary Ctr9/Paf1/Cdc73/Rtf1 complex and PAF1C functional regulation.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 710023, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869624

RESUMO

Background: Uromodulin, also named Tamm Horsfall protein, has been associated with renal function and regulation of sodium homeostasis. We aimed to examine the associations of serum uromodulin levels and its genetic variants with longitudinal blood pressure (BP) changes and hypertension incidence/risk. Methods: A total of 514 participants from the original Baoji Salt-Sensitive Study cohort were genotyped to examine the associations of genetic variations in uromodulin gene with the longitudinal BP changes and the incidence of hypertension over 8 years of follow-up. In addition, 2,210 subjects from the cohort of Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension Study were used to investigate the relationships between serum uromodulin levels and the risk of hypertension. Results: SNPs rs12917707 and rs12708631 in the uromodulin gene were significantly associated with the longitudinal BP changes over 8 years of follow-up. SNP rs12708631 was significantly associated with the incidence of hypertension over 8 years. In addition, gene-based analyses supported the associations of uromodulin gene with the longitudinal BP changes and hypertension incidence in Baoji Salt-Sensitive Study cohort. Furthermore, serum uromodulin levels in the hypertensive subjects were lower than in the normotensive subjects (25.5 ± 1.1 vs. 34.7 ± 0.7 ng/mL). Serum uromodulin levels decreased gradually as BP levels increased (34.6, 33.2, 27.8, and 25.0 ng/mL for subjects with normotension, high-normal, grade 1 hypertension, and grade 2 hypertension, respectively). Serum uromodulin was significantly associated with the lower risk of hypertension [0.978 (0.972-0.984)] in Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension Study cohort. Conclusion: This study shows that uromodulin is associated with blood pressure progression and development of hypertension.

13.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34874289

RESUMO

In this work, graphene quantum dots (GQDs) synthesized by femtosecond laser ablation in liquid (LAL) using laser-induced graphene (LIG) as the carbon source. Nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) were successfully synthesized by adding ammonia water to the graphene suspension. The GQDs/N-GQDs structure consist of a graphitic core with oxygen and nitrogen functionalities and particle size less than 10 nm, as demonstrated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier infrared spectrometer spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The absorption peak and PL spectrum and quantum yield of the N-GQDs were significantly enhanced compared with the undoped GQDs. Further, the possible mechanism of synthesis GQDs is discussed. Furthermore, the N-GQDs were used as a fluorescent probe for detection of Fe3+ ions. The N-GQDs may extend the application of graphene-based materials to bioimaging, sensor and, photoelectronic.

14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 782485, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881274

RESUMO

Exosomes, the important carriers between cells, can carry proteins, micro ribonucleic acids (miRNAs), long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and other molecules to mediate cellular information transduction. They also play an important role in the pathogenesis, prognosis and treatment of viral hepatitis and its associated liver diseases. Several studies have reported that viral hepatitis and its associated liver diseases, including hepatitis A, B, C and E; hepatic fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, were closely associated with exosomes. Exploring the role of exosomes in viral hepatitis and associated liver diseases will enhance our understanding of these diseases. Therefore, this review mainly summarised the role of exosomes in viral hepatitis and its associated liver diseases to identify new strategies for liver diseases in clinical practise.

15.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(15): 5, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34860239

RESUMO

Purpose: Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography was used to investigate choroidal changes and their association with pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) in eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) after treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors. Methods: Patients with treatment-naïve PCV were included and underwent anti-VEGF therapy. Mean choroidal thickness (MCT), choroidal vascularity index (CVI), and PED volume measurements were obtained before and after treatment. Results: Thirty-four treatment-naïve PCV eyes from 33 patients were included. The PED volume decreased after treatment (P < 0.05). The MCT decreased from 223.0 ± 79.6 µm at baseline to 210.9 ± 76.2 µm after treatment (P < 0.001). The CVI at baseline was 0.599 ± 0.024, and the CVI after treatment was 0.602 ± 0.023 (P = 0.16). There was a correlation between the decreased PED volumes and the decreased MCT measurements (r = 0.47; P = 0.006). Also, there was a correlation between the decreased PED volumes and the increased CVI measurements (r = -0.63; P < 0.001). Conclusions: In treatment-naïve eyes with PCV, the decreases in PED volumes were correlated with the decrease in MCT and the increase in CVI measurements. We propose that, at baseline, the PCV lesions serve as high-volume arteriovenous shunts between choroidal arterial and venous circulation, causing transudation into the choroidal stroma. We propose that, after treatment, the blood flow through the vascular shunt is reduced, the excess stromal transudation is resorbed, and the exudation from the neovascular lesion is reduced, resulting in thinning of the choroid, resolution of the PEDs, and an increase in the CVI due to the resorption of excess choroidal transudation.

16.
Retina ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34861657

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Widefield (WF) swept source (SS) OCT imaging was used to characterize choroidal thickness and vascularity at baseline in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and longitudinally after panretinal photocoagulation (PRP). METHODS: Patients with treatment-naïve PDR were imaged at baseline and 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after PRP. Previously validated algorithms were used to calculate mean choroidal thickness (MCT) and choroidal vascularity index (CVI) in 5 regions of 12x12mm scans. RESULTS: Fourteen PDR eyes were included. Baseline MCT in PDR eyes did not differ significantly from normal eyes, but CVI measurements in PDR eyes were lower in all regions (P <0.001 to 0.008). After PRP, MCT measurements in PDR eyes were significantly lower at 1 month and 3 months in all regions (P<0.001 to 0.005) except the fovea (P=.074). CVI measurements did not change over time in any region after PRP. CONCLUSIONS: The choroid in PDR eyes has a smaller CVI than in normal eyes. After PRP, the choroidal thickness decreases outside the fovea, but the CVI remains constant, which suggests that a relative decrease in choroidal vascularity persists. These WF SS-OCT results are consistent with choroidal alterations found in histopathological reports of diabetic choroidopathy.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127938, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34863569

RESUMO

Heterogeneous sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation processes (SR-AOPs) have been widely reported over the last decade as a promising technology for pollutant removal from wastewater. In this study, a novel peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activator was obtained by visible-light-driven Mn(II) oxidation in the presence of nitrate. The photochemically synthesized manganese oxides (PC-MnOx) were polymorphic amorphous nanoparticles and nanorods, with an average oxidation state of approximately 3.0. It possesses effective PMS activation capacity and can remove 20 mg L-1 acid organic II (AO7) within 30 min. The AO7 removal performance of PC-MnOx was slightly decreased in natural waterbodies and in the presence of CO32-, while it showed an anti-interference capacity for Cl-, NO3- and humic acid. Chemical quenching, reactive oxygen species (ROS) trapping, X-ray photoelectric spectroscopy (XPS), in-situ Raman spectroscopy, and electrochemical experiments supported a nonradical mechanism, i.e., electron transfer from AO7 to the metastable PC-MnOx-PMS complex, which was responsible for AO7 oxidation. The PC-MnOx-PMS system also showed substrate preferences based on their redox potentials. Moreover, PC-MnOx could activate periodate (PI) but not peroxydisulfate (PDS) or H2O2. Overall, this study provides a new catalyst for PMS activation through a mild and green synthesis approach.

18.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 743116, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34938275

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, strain YIM 96748T, was isolated from a saline soil sample collected from the south bank of Aiding Lake in Xinjiang Province, Northwest China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain YIM 96748T is closely related to Amycolatopsis cihanbeyliensis BNT52T (98.9%) and Amycolatopsis jiangsuensis KLBMP 1262T (97.2%). The DNA-DNA relatedness between strain YIM 96748T and its closest type strain A. cihanbeyliensis BNT52T was 59.6%. The average nucleotide identity between strain YIM 96748T and its neighbor strain was 88.97%. Based on the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics, it is concluded that strain YIM 96748T represents a novel species of the genus Amycolatopsis, whose name was proposed as Amycolatopsis aidingensis sp. nov. The type strain is YIM 96748T. To investigate the biosynthetic potential of producing secondary metabolites, the complete genome of YIM 96748T was sequenced and analyzed. The complete genome sequence of YIM 96748T consists of a 7,657,695-bp circular chromosome, comprising 7,162 predicted genes with a DNA G + C content of 70.21 mol%. Fifty-one putative biosynthetic gene clusters of secondary metabolites were found, including the antibacterial/antitumor agent TLN-05220, the antibacterial agent nocardicin A, the antifungal agent nystatin A1, and the osmolyte ectoine. The investigation of the secondary metabolites of A. aidingensis YIM96748T led to the discovery of two new phenylpropyl acetate enantiomers, amycoletates A (1) and B (2), and five known compounds: 4-hydroxy phenethyl acetate (3), 2-p-acetoxyphenylethanol (4), (S)-ethyl indole-3-lactate (5), (R)-ethyl indole-3-lactate (6), and p-hydroxybenzoic acid (7). One of the gene clusters 14, 36, and 43, which contain a single module of polyketide synthase, might be responsible for the biosynthesis of compounds 1 and 2 from compound 7 as a precursor. Further studies, including the one strain many compounds approach (OSMAC) and genetic modification, are needed to explore novel compounds from this talented halophilic Amycolatopsis strain.

19.
Br J Cancer ; 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34912075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the high recurrence and low 5-year survival rates of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) after treatment, the discovery of novel drugs for recurrence chemoprevention is of particular importance. METHODS: We screened the FDA-approved drug library and found that Nuplazid, an atypical antipsychotic that acts as an effective 5-HT 2 A receptor inverse agonist, could potentially exert anticancer effects in vitro and in vivo on ESCC. RESULTS: Pull-down results indicated that Nuplazid binds with p21-activated kinase 4 (PAK4), and a kinase assay showed that Nuplazid strongly suppressed PAK4 kinase activity. Moreover, Nuplazid exhibited inhibitory effects on ESCC in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that Nuplazid can suppress ESCC progression through targeting PAK4.

20.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 790422, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900762

RESUMO

Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection mainly present with respiratory issues and related symptoms, in addition to significantly affected digestive system, especially the intestinal tract. While several studies have shown changes in the intestinal flora of patients with COVID-19, not much information is available on the gut virome of such patients. In this study, we used the viromescan software on the latest gut virome database to analyze the intestinal DNA virome composition of 15 patients with COVID-19 and investigated the characteristic alternations, particularly of the intestinal DNA virome to further explore the influence of COVID-19 on the human gut. The DNA viruses in the gut of patients with COVID-19 were mainly crAss-like phages (35.48%), Myoviridae (20.91%), and Siphoviridae (20.43%) family of viruses. Compared with healthy controls, the gut virome composition of patients with COVID-19 changed significantly, especially the crAss-like phages family, from the first time of hospital admission. A potential correlation is also indicated between the change in virome and bacteriome (like Tectiviridae and Bacteroidaceae). The abundance of the viral and bacterial population was also analyzed through continuous sample collection from the gut of patients hospitalized due to COVID-19. The gut virome is indeed affected by the SARS-CoV-2 infection, and along with gut bacteriome, it may play an important role in the disease progression of COVID-19. These conclusions would be helpful in understanding the gut-related response and contribute to the treatment and prevention strategies of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , DNA , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Viroma
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