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1.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 303-308, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626620

RESUMO

Online medical consulting, acting as the primary type of Internet medical market, has been developing dramatically in the past ten years and begins to take shape. This study collected available information to describe service content status and service provider for online medical consulting websites. The current online medical consulting sites are mainly comprehensive medical consultation websites. The most common consulting provision from is combining graphics and text, which might not meet users' primary demand. The registered physicians are mostly the ones with junior position and work in the eastern and south-central parts of China. Activities of the registered physicians vary across the departments, but with extremely low initiatives.

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(3): 1379-1386, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629308

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of long intergenic non-coding ribonucleic acid 483 (LINC00483) in the development of breast cancer (BC) and its possible mechanism of action. PATIENTS AND METHODS: LINC00483 expression level in BC tissues and cell lines was detected via quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The association between LINC00483 expression and survival rate of BC patients was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. The binding relation between LINC00483 and insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1) was verified via RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and RNA pull-down assays. The expression of IGF2BP1 in BC patients was determined using qRT-PCR. Moreover, the role of LINC00483 on the proliferative ability of BC cells was detected via cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assays. Whether LINC00483 exerts its effects under the regulation of IGF2BP1 was verified via reversal assay. RESULTS: The results of qRT-PCR showed that LINC00483 had a significantly high expression in BC tissues and corresponding cell lines, and it rose with the increase in tumor stage, which was higher in patients with metastasis. CCK8/EdU assay revealed that the proliferative ability of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cell lines was enhanced by overexpression of LINC00483. It was confirmed by RIP and pull-down assays that IGF2BP1 could bind to LINC00483, and the expression of LINC00483 was significantly promoted after up-regulation of IGF2BP1. It was found via qRT-PCR that the expression of IGF2BP1 evidently rose in BC patients, which was positively related with the expression level of LINC00483. The results of reversal assay manifested that the function of LINC00483 on cell proliferation was regulated by IGF2BP1. CONCLUSIONS: LINC00483 has a significantly higher expression in BC tissues than that in para-carcinoma tissues, and its effect of promoting proliferation of BC cells may be regulated by IGF2BP1.

3.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study examines the function of hypoxia-mediated down-regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) (mir-30c, mir-135a, and mir-27a) in the process of bladder cancer immune escape. METHODS: Quantitative Real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was carried out to determine gene expression levels of Drosha and Dicer under hypoxia treatment, while western blotting and flow cytometry were used to determine protein expression. Seven reported miRNAs were identified via qRT-PCR assay. Flow cytometry detection of CD3/CD4/CD8-positive expression and statistics. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) detected cellular immune factors content. Cell apoptosis was checked via flow cytometry assay. Luciferase report assay and western blot assays were both used to verify the relationship between miRNAs and Casitas B-lineage lymphoma proto-oncogene b (Cbl-b). The animal model was established and Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, TdT-mediated dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL) staining, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays were separately used to verify the conclusions. RESULTS: The CD3 + /CD4 + expression was increased in the hypoxia group, while CD3 + /CD8 + expression, the cellular immune factors content Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNFα) along with the cell apoptosis were suppressed. The protein expression of Cbl-b was found to be up-regulated in the hypoxia group. After constructing the overexpression/ knockdown of Cbl-b in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC), Cbl-b has been found to promote tumor immune escape in bladder cancer. Furthermore, Cbl-b had been identified as the co-targets of mir-30c, mir-135a, and mir-27a and down-regulation of miRNA biogenesis promotes Cbl-b expression and deactivating T cells in vitro/in vivo. CONCLUSION: Hypoxia-mediated down-regulation of miRNAs' biogenesis promotes tumor immune escape in bladder cancer, which could bring much more advance to the medical research on tumors.

4.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(2): 175-181, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557502

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between pattern recognition receptor triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) and M1/M2 polarization in macrophages stimulated by Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (Pg-LPS), so as to explore the mechanism of TREM-1 in periodontitis. Methods: Human monocytic cell line THP-1 were induced to differentiate into macrophages by phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate and stimulated by 0 (blank control group) and 1 µg/ml Pg-LPS (LPS group), respectively. LP17, the TREM-1 inhibitor (LPS+LP17 group) and its control peptide (LPS+control peptide group) with final concentration of 0.1 µg/ml were added at the same time. After 24 hours stimulation, the expression of TREM-1, M1 markers and related cytokines [CD86, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1ß], M2 markers and related cytokines (CD206,IL-10) mRNA were detected by real-time quantitative-PCR (RT-qPCR), the level of TREM-1, CD86 and CD206 proteins were detected by Western blotting, and TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-10 in the macrophage culture supernatant were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Results: After 24 h of cell culture, the relative expressions of TREM-1 mRNA (1.40±0.14) and protein (3.85±0.24) in macrophages in the LPS group increased compared with the blank control group (1.01±0.18 and 1.00±0.05, respectively) (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the expression levels of M1 markers CD86 mRNA and protein [LPS group vs blank control group were (1.42±0.01 vs 1.00±0.09) and (1.55±0.07 vs 1.00±0.10), respectively] were up-regulated (P<0.01), and the expressions of mRNA and protein of M1 related cytokines TNF-α and IL-1 increased (P<0.05). After the addition of TREM-1 blocker LP17, the levels of mRNA and protein of TREM-1 showed no significant changes (P>0.05), while the levels of CD86 mRNA (0.96±0.00) and protein (1.36±0.02) decreased (P<0.05), and the levels of TNF-α and IL-1 further decreased (P<0.05). For M2 marker CD206 and related cytokine IL-10, CD206 mRNA (0.56±0.05) and protein (0.25±0.04) were significantly down-regulated (P<0.01) compared with the blank control group (1.02±0.25 and 1.00±0.10, respectively), and IL-10 mRNA was up-regulated compared with the blank control group (P<0.05), with no significant change in protein (P>0.05). After the addition of LP17, the expressions of CD206 and IL-10 mRNA in the LPS+LP17 group were further down-regulated compared with the LPS group (P<0.05), and there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in protein level (P>0.05). Conclusions: TREM-1 and its downstream signaling pathway might be involved in M1 polarization of Pg-LPS-mediated macrophages, thus playing a pro-inflammatory role in the development of periodontitis. There is no obvious evidence that TREM-1 is involved in regulating M2 polarization of Pg-LPS-mediated macrophages.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Humanos , Macrófagos , Células Mieloides , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
5.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(2): 170-175, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611904

RESUMO

Objectives: To compare the impact of ticagrelor or clopidogrel on serum uric acid levels among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and further evaluate the effects of variation of serum uric acid levels on platelet reactivity. Methods: STEMI patients who admitted to Fuwai Hospital from April 2017 to January 2020, and underwent primary PCI and discharged alive with aspirin and ticagrelor or clopidogrel were included in this study. Patients were divided into ticagrelor group and clopidogrel group. The baseline clinical data were collected. Serum uric acid and creatinine levels at baseline and 30 days post-PCI were measured. Light transmittance aggregometry was used to assess maximum aggregation rate induced by adenosine diphosphate and arachidonic acid. The changes of serum uric acid and creatinine were compared between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to evaluate independent related factors for rise in the uric acid levels, and the effect of variation of serum uric acid level on platelet reactivity was analyzed. Results: A total of 967 patients were included, the age was (59.4±12.1) years, and 163 case were female. There were 550 cases in ticagrelor group (56.9%) and 417 cases in clopidogrel group (43.1%). Baseline serum uric acid and creatinine levels were similar between the 2 groups. At 30 days, the serum uric acid level [(347.2±96.5) mmol/L vs. (341.2±105.3) mmol/L, P=0.009] and absolute [46.4 (-2.4, 88.1) mmol/L vs. 25.0 (-21.9, 73.0) mmol/L, P=0.001] and percentage [13.2 (-0.01, 29.0) % vs. 7.9 (-5.7, 25.0) %, P=0.007] increase in the serum uric acid levels were significantly higher in ticagrelor group than in clopidogrel group. The level of serum creatinine at 30 days was significantly lower in ticagrelor group than in clopidogrel group [(89.7±21.3) µmol/L vs. (94.4±43.9) µmol/L, P<0.05], whereas there were no differences in absolute [8.0 (-1.4, 16.6) µmol/L vs. 7.8 (-2.0, 16.6) µmol/L] and percentage [10.5 (-1.7%, 22.6%) vs. 9.8 (-2.4%, 22.1%)] change in the serum creatinine between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that, after adjusting for confounding factors, ticagrelor therapy was an independent related factor of serum uric acid elevation (OR=1.582, 95% CI:1.023-2.447, P=0.039). The variation of the serum uric acid levels did not affect platelet aggregation and the percentage of high platelet reactivity in both groups. Conclusions: Ticagrelor use is related to a significant increase in the serum uric acid levels at 30 days post-PCI in this patient cohort. The variations in the uric acid levels do not increase the percentage of high platelet reactivity in STEMI patients treated with ticagrelor or clopidogrel.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Adenosina/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Ticlopidina , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido Úrico
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 771: 144901, 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524678

RESUMO

Low emission vehicle technologies need widespread adoption in the transport sector to overcome its significant decarbonisation challenges. Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) represent an intermediate technology between pure electric vehicles and internal combustion engines that have proven capability in reducing petroleum consumption. HEV customers often cite improved fuel economy as a major benefit from adopting this technology; however, outstanding questions remain regarding their respective emission levels. Through an extensive literature study, we show that several issues remain with HEV emissions performance which stem from frequent high-power cold starts, engine calibration issues and inefficient operating conditions for catalytic converters. HEVs have more NOx, HC, CO and particle number emissions compared to conventional vehicles by up to 21.0, 5.8, 9.0 and 23.3 times, respectively. Improved engine control algorithms, after-treatment design and thermal design of three-way catalysts emerge as research priorities for improving the emissions performance of HEVs.

7.
Animal ; : 100162, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485829

RESUMO

The energy intake of Tibetan sheep on the harsh Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) varies greatly with seasonal forage fluctuations and is often below maintenance requirements, especially during the long, cold winter. The liver plays a crucial role in gluconeogenesis and skeletal muscle is the primary tissue of energy expenditure in mammals. Both play important roles in energy substrate metabolism and regulating energy metabolism homeostasis of the body. This study aimed to gain insight into how skeletal muscle and liver of Tibetan sheep regulate energy substrate metabolism to cope with low energy intake under the harsh environment of the QTP. Tibetan sheep (n = 24; 48.5 ± 1.89 kg BW) were compared with Small-tailed Han sheep (n = 24; 49.2 ± 2.21 kg BW), which were allocated randomly into one of four groups that differed in dietary digestible energy densities: 8.21, 9.33, 10.45 and 11.57 MJ /kg DM. The sheep were slaughtered after a 49-d feeding period, skeletal muscle and liver tissues were collected and measurements were made of the activities of the key enzymes of energy substrate metabolism and the expressions of genes related to energy homeostasis regulation. Compared with Small-tailed Han sheep, Tibetan sheep exhibited higher capacities of propionate to glucose conversion and fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis in the liver, higher glucose utilization efficiency in both skeletal muscle and liver, but lower activities of fatty acid oxidation and protein mobilization in skeletal muscle, especially when in negative energy balance. However, the Small-tailed Han sheep exhibited higher capacities to convert amino acids and lactate to glucose and higher levels of glycolysis and lipogenesis in the liver than Tibetan sheep. These differences in gluconeogenesis and energy substrate metabolism conferred the Tibetan sheep an advantage over Small-tailed Han sheep to cope with low energy intake and regulate whole-body energy homeostasis under the harsh environment of the QTP.

8.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(2): 139-142, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503725

RESUMO

To investigate the prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in intensive care units (ICU) in Zhejiang Province. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey for ICUs doctors was conducted online at 41 tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang Province, which included basic information of ICUs, VTE-related installations, knowledge and monitoring system. The data collected from the questionnaire were summarized and analyzed. Most ICUs were comprehensive. The ratio of physicians to beds, ratio of nurses to beds, and the ratio of rehabilitation physicians to beds were 0.52∶1, 2.12∶1, and 0.03∶1 respectively. Thirty-five over 41 (85.4%) ICUs completed VTE risk assessment within 24 hours. Twenty-five over 35 ICUs (71.4%) chose the Caprini model to assess VTE risk. Ultrasound was preferred in 92.7% (38/41) of ICUs equipped ultrasound. Almost all (40/41, 97.6%) of hospitals possessed intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) as mechanical prophylaxis. The ratio of IPC to bed was 0.22∶1. Low-molecular-weight heparin (92.7%, 38/41) was the initial treatment in ICUs. VTE prophylaxis system has been established in 92.7% (38/41)hospitals and 87.8% (36/41) ICUs,related personnel groups were set up in 75.6% (31/41) hospitals and 58.5% (24/41) ICUs including 68.3% (28/41) hospitals with multidisciplinary team. VTE prophylaxis system in different hospitals was heterogeneous. VTE risk assessment models in different ICUs were not identical. There were unmet clinical needs of VTE mechanical prophylaxis equipment. In conclusion, VTE screening, evaluation and prophylaxis protocols in ICUs still need to be standardized and improved.


Assuntos
Tromboembolia Venosa , Anticoagulantes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle
9.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(2): 145-152, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508920

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of oxaliplatin combined with S-1 (SOX) as adjuvant chemotherapy after D2 radical gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer. Methods: A descriptive case series study was applied. Case inclusion criteria: (1) locally advanced gastric cancer confirmed by endoscopic biopsy or surgical specimen pathology as gastric adenocarcinoma; (2) receiving D2 radical gastric resection followed by SOX regimen adjuvant chemotherapy. Case exclusion criteria: (1) postoperative pathological TNM stage I or IV; (2) acute complications and emergency surgeries; (3) receiving neoadjuvant therapy; (4) concurrent malignancies and complications compromising patients' treatment or survival; (5) without receiving adjuvant SOX chemotherapy. A total of 94 patients with stage II-III gastric cancer who underwent D2 radical gastrectomy and postoperative adjuvant SOX chemotherapy at department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital from January 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively enrolled. Chemotherapy-related adverse events, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed and log rank test was used to analyze the difference between groups. P<0.2 or clinically significant indicators in univariate analysis were included in Cox regression model for multivariate survival analysis. Results: Among these 94 patients, there were 65 males and 29 females with an average age of (58.2±12.1) years; 33 patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, 11 patients with family history of gastrointestinal tumors; 59 patients with tumors locating in the antrum or pylorus, 16 patients in the gastric body, 19 patients in the gastric fundus or cardia; 29 patients underwent total gastrectomy, 5 patients underwent proximal subtotal gastrectomy, and 60 patients underwent distal subtotal gastrectomy. In this study, 73 patients (77.7%) completed at least 5 cycles of adjuvant SOX regimen chemotherapy. Grade 3-4 adverse reactions included thrombocytopenia (23.4%, 22/94), nausea and vomiting (18.1%, 17/94) and peripheral neurotoxicity (6.4%, 6/94). Eighty-nine patients (94.7%) completed follow-up with a median follow-up time of 32 months. The 3-year and 5-year OS rates were 89.8% and 83.7%, respectively, and the 3-year and 5-year PFS rates were 81.4% and 78.1%, respectively. Taking 5 chemotherapy cycles as the cut-off point, the 3-year OS rate and 3-year PFS rate were 72.2% and 53.9% in the adjuvant chemotherapy < 5 cycles group, and 93.7% and 87.1% in the adjuvant chemotherapy ≥5 cycles group, respectively; the differences were statistically significant (P=0.029, P=0.006). Univariate analysis showed that the adjuvant chemotherapy < 5 cycles group was associated with worse 3-year OS (P=0.029). Multivariate analysis showed that insufficient chemotherapy cycle (HR=9.419, 95% CI: 2.330-38.007, P=0.002) was an independent risk factor for 3-year OS. Meanwhile, univariate analysis showed that the adjuvant chemotherapy <5 cycles (P=0.006), preoperative CEA > 4.70 µg/L (P=0.035) and adjacent organ resection (P=0.024) were associated with worse 3-year PFS. Multivariate analysis showed that adjuvant chemotherapy <5 cycles (HR=10.493, 95% CI: 2.466-44.655, P=0.001) and adjacent organ resection (HR=127.518, 95% CI: 8.885-1 830.136, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for 3-year PFS. Conclusions: Oxaliplatin combined with S-1 as an adjuvant chemotherapy regimen for locally advanced gastric cancer has high efficacy and low incidence of adverse reactions. At least 5 cycles of SOX regimen adjuvant chemotherapy can significantly improve prognosis of patients with stage II-III gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Dissecação , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(1): 41-44, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397020

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate risk factors and available treatments of extramedullary relapse (EMR) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients with myeloid leukemia. Methods: A total of 280 patients were retrospectively analyzed from January 2008 to December 2018 in Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Clinical data were collected including disease patterns, pre-transplantation status, chromosome karyotype, conditioning regimen, types of donor, extramedullary disease before transplantation and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model were uesd for univariate analysis and multivariate analysis, respectively. Results: Twenty patients developed EMR (7.14%). The median time of EMR was 7.5 (1-123) months after allo-HSCT. The mortality of EMR was 80% (16/20). Univariate analysis identified disease patterns, second complete remission (CR2) or progressive disease before transplantation, extramedullary disease, abnormal karyotype and conditioning regimen without total body radiation as significant factors correlated to EMR (P<0.05). Multi-variable analysis revealed that CR2 or progressive disease (RR=3.468,95%CI 2.189-7.786), abnormal karyotype (RR=1.494,95%CI 1.020-2.189) and extramedullary disease before transplantation (RR=8.627,95%CI 3.921-18.452) were independent risk factors of EMR. Conclusions: The clinical outcome of EMR after allo-HSCT is poor.It is crucial to comprehensively assess and identify EMR as early as possible.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
11.
Animal ; : 100163, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485831

RESUMO

Dietary sodium (Na) levels were related to the content of the eggshell matrix. We therefore speculated that dietary Na supplementation as sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) or sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) may improve eggshell quality. Additionally, dietary NaHCO3 or Na2SO4 supplementation may further affect eggshell quality in different ways due to differences in anions. This study investigated and compared the effects of dietary Na supplementation in either NaHCO3 or Na2SO4 form on laying performance, eggshell quality, ultrastructure and components in laying hens. A total of 576 29-week-old Hy-Line Brown laying hens were randomly allocated to 8 dietary treatments that were fed a Na-deficient basal diet (0.07% Na, 0.15% Cl) supplemented with Na2SO4 or NaHCO3 at 0.08, 0.18, 0.23 or 0.33% Na for 12 weeks. No differences were observed in laying production performance with dietary Na supplementation. Dietary Na supplementation resulted in quadratic increases of eggshell breaking strength in both Na2SO4 and NaHCO3 added groups (P < 0.05), and Na2SO4-fed groups had a quadratic increase in the eggshell ratio at week 12 (P < 0.05). Compared with supplementing 0.08% Na, dietary supplementation of 0.23% Na increased the effective thickness (P < 0.05) in both Na2SO4 and NaHCO3 added groups, but decreased the thickness and knob width of the mammillary layer (P < 0.05). A linear increase on the calcium content of the shell was only observed with Na supplementation from NaHCO3 (P < 0.05). No differences were observed in Na contents of the shell with dietary Na supplemented by both sources. Dietary Na addition had a quadratic increase on uronic acid contents of shell membrane in NaHCO3-fed groups (P < 0.05). Moreover, the sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) contents of shell membranes increased linearly with dietary Na supplementation (P < 0.05). Dietary supplementation of 0.23% Na from Na2SO4 increased the sulfated GAG contents of calcified eggshell (P < 0.05). Additionally, compared with NaHCO3-fed groups, Na2SO4-fed groups had higher eggshell breaking strength, thickness, eggshell weight ratio, effective thickness and the sulfated GAG contents of calcified eggshell at week 12. Overall, dietary supplementation of NaHCO3 or Na2SO4 could increase eggshell breaking strength, which may be related to increased sulfated GAG contents in eggshell membranes and improved ultrastructure. Higher eggshell breaking strength, thickness and eggshell ratio could be obtained when the diet was supplemented with 0.23% Na from Na2SO4.

12.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(1): 14-27, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412620

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the current status of the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary cryptococcosis in respiratory medicine and improve the understanding of the clinical characteristics of HIV-negative pulmonary cryptococcosis in China. Methods: A prospective multi-center open cohort study was designed to screen for pulmonary cryptococcosis in the general wards and intensive care units of the Department of Respiratory Diseases in 22 hospitals. The HIV-negative patients with positive cryptococcal etiological diagnosis based on smear culture, antigen detection and histopathology were enrolled in the study. The clinical data of enrolled patients were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 457 cases of pulmonary cryptococcosis were enrolled, among which 3.28% (15/457) were disseminated infections. The case fatality rate was 0.88% (4/457). The majority of the cases were diagnosed by histopathological examinations (74.40%, 340/457) and cryptococcus antigen detection (37.64%, 172/457). Patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis accounted for 2.04‰ (457/223 748) of the total hospitalized patients in the Department of Respiratory Diseases during the same period, and the ratio was the highest in south and east China. Meanwhile, 70.24% (321/457) of the patients had no underlying diseases, while 87.75% (401/457) were found to have immunocompetent status. Cough and expectoration were the most common clinical symptoms in patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis. However, 25.16% (115/457) of the patients had no clinical symptom or physical signs. In terms of imaging features on pulmonary CT, multiple pulmonary lesions were more common than isolated lesions, and there were more subpleural lesions than perihilar or medial lesions. Morphologically, most of the lesions were middle-sized nodules (1-5 cm) or small-sized nodules (3 mm to 1 cm). The sensitivity of serum cryptococcus antigen test was 71.99% (203/282). Moreover, antigen-positive patients differed from antigen-negative patients in terms of basic immune status, clinical symptoms, imaging features and infection types. Meanwhile, immunocompromised patients differed from immunocompetent patients in terms of clinical symptoms, physical signs, infection-related inflammation indicator levels, imaging features, serum cryptococcus antigen positive rate and prognosis. Conclusions: The majority of cases of HIV-negative pulmonary cryptococcosis in China had no underlying disease or immunocompromised status, and the overrall prognosis was favorable. However, early diagnosis of HIV-negative pulmonary cryptococcosis remains challenging due to the complicated manifestations of the disease.


Assuntos
Criptococose/diagnóstico , Cryptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Soronegatividade para HIV , Antígenos de Fungos , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Tosse , Criptococose/epidemiologia , Humanos , Imunocompetência , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(1): 60-65, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355763

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association of blood arsenic level with hyperuricemia among elderly aged 65 years and older. Methods: Data was collected in 9 longevity areas from Heathy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study between 2017 and 2018. 2 438 participants aged 65 years and older with complete information on blood arsenic and uric acid were included in this study. Information including demographics characteristic, life style and health status was collected by questionnaire and physical examination. Meanwhile, venous blood was collected to detect the levels of blood arsenic and uric acid. Subjects were stratified into three groups (low, middle and high) by tertiles of blood arsenic level. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of blood arsenic level with hyperuricemia. Results: The age of participants was (84.57±11.41) years, of which 1 172 (48.07%) were male and 1 525 (62.55%) were over 80 years old. The detection rate of hyperuricemia was 17.23% (420), and the detection rates of hyperuricemia were 11.77%, 19.25% and 20.62% among participants with low, middle and high blood arsenic, respectively (P<0.001). After controlling confounding factors, compared with participants who had low blood arsenic, the ORs (95%CI) of hyperuricemia for the participants with middle and high blood arsenic were 1.57 (1.12-2.23) and 2.08 (1.46-2.99), respectively. Subgroups analysis showed that compared with female, the association between blood arsenic level and hyperuricemia was more obvious in males (Pinteraction<0.05). Conclusion: Blood arsenic level is associated with the risk for hyperuricemia among the elderly aged 65 years and older in 9 longevity areas in China.


Assuntos
Arsênico , Hiperuricemia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Longevidade , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
14.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(1): 18-24, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355764

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association of blood oxidative stress level with hypertriglyceridemia in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China. Methods: A total of 2 393 participants aged 65 years and older were recruited in 9 longevity areas from Heathy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, during 2017 to 2018. Information on demographics characteristic, life style and health status were collected by questionnaire and physical examination, and venous blood was collected to detect the levels of blood oxidative stress and hypertriglyceridemia. The linear or non-linear association between oxidative stress and hypertriglyceridemia was described by restrictive cubic splines (RCS) fitting multiple linear regression model. The generalized linear mixed effect model was conducted to assess the association between oxidative stress and hypertriglyceridemia. Results: A total of 2 393 participants, mean age was 84.6 years, the youngest was 65 and the oldest was 112, the male was 47.9%(1 145/2 393), the triglyceride level was (1.4±0.8) mmol/L. The hypertriglyceridemia detection rate was 9.99%(239/2 393). The results of multiple linear regression model with restrictive cubic spline fitting showed that MDA level was linear association with triglyceride level; SOD level was nonlinear association with triglyceride level. MDA level had significantly association with hypertriglyceridemia, and the corresponding OR value was 1.063 (95%CI: 1.046,1.081) with 1 nmol/ml increment of blood MDA; SOD level had significantly association with hypertriglyceridemia, and the corresponding OR value was 0.986(95%CI: 0.983,0.989) with 1 U/ml increment of blood SOD. Conclusion: Among the elderly aged 65 and older in 9 longevity areas in China, MDA and SOD levels were associated with the risk of hypertriglyceridemia.


Assuntos
Hipertrigliceridemia , Longevidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo
15.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(1): 25-30, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355765

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the risk of depression symptoms among older adults aged 65 and above in 9 longevity areas of China. Methods: Data was collected in 9 longevity areas of China from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study (HABCS) conducted between 2017 and 2018. Finally,2018 elderly aged 65 years and above with complete information on neutrophil count, lymphocyte count and depressive symptoms were included in this study. Information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and health status was collected through questionnaire and physical examination. Complete blood counts which included lymphocytes and neutrophils were obtained by testing venous blood samples. Participants were divided into four groups by the quartile of NLR level, i.e. Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4. Logistic regression model was applied to analyze the association of NLR with depression symptoms. Results: Among 2 018 older adults, the mean(±SD) age was 82.6(±10.73), 1 032(51.14%) were male, 390(19.33%) were detected with depressive symptoms. Compared with participants of NLR in the 1st quartile, the OR(95%CI) of risk for depressive symptoms was 1.47 (0.99, 2.19), 1.67 (1.13, 2.47) and 1.95 (1.32, 2.89), respectively. Conclusion: Increased NLR level is significantly related to depressive symptoms among elderly aged 65 years and above in 9 longevity areas in China.


Assuntos
Depressão , Neutrófilos , Idoso , Biomarcadores , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Longevidade , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos , Masculino
16.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(1): 31-38, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355766

RESUMO

Objective: The study is to examine association of sleep duration and cognitive impairment in the older adults aged 65 years and older in China. Methods: We analyzed data from 2017-2018 wave of Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). A total of 14 966 participants were included in the analysis. Data with respect to socioeconomic status, community involvement, behavior pattern, diet, life style, family structure, disease condition, mental health and cognitive function were collected. Cognitive function was measured with Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE). We conducted generalized linear mixed models to examine associations of sleep duration with cognitive impairment, and subgroup analyses of sex and age were conducted. Results: Among 14 966 participants, the percentage of participants aged 65 to 79 years, 80 to 89 years, 90 to 99 years and 100 years and older was 5 148 (4.40%), 3 777 (25.24%), 3 322 (22.20%) and 2 719 (18.16%), respectively. A total of 2 704 participants reported sleep duration of 5 h and less, and 3 883 reported 9 h and more, accounting for 18.94% and 27.19%, respectively. In total, 3 748 were defined with cognitive impairment, accounting for 25.04%. The results of generalized linear mixed models showed that both short (≤5 h) and long (≥ 9 h) sleep duration were associated with cognitive impairment compared with sleep duration of 7 h, with OR(95%CI) of 1.35(1.09-1.68) and 1.70(1.39-2.07), respectively. The association of sleep duration with cognitive impairment was more obvious in males and individuals aged 65 to 79 years old. Conclusion: Short or long sleep duration was responsible for increased risk of cognitive impairment in older Chinese.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Sono
17.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(1): 45-52, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355768

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between oxygen saturation (SpO2) and risk of 3-year all-cause mortality among Chinese older adults aged 65 or over. Methods: The participants were enrolled from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study in year of 2012 to 2014 in 9 longevity areas in China. In this prospective cohort study, 2 287 participants aged 65 or over were enrolled. Data on SpO2 and body measurements were collected at baseline in 2012, and data on survival outcome and time of mortality were collected at the follow-up in 2014. Participants were divided into two groups according to whether SpO2 was abnormal (SpO2<94% was defined as abnormal). Results: The 2 287 participants were (86.5±12.2) years old, 1 006 were males (44.0%), and 315 (13.8%) were abnormal in SpO2. During follow-up in 2014, 452 were died, 1 434 were survived, and 401 were lost to follow-up. The all-cause mortality rate was 19.8%, and the follow-up rate was 82.5%. The mortality rate of SpO2 in normal group was 21.1%, and that of abnormal group was 41.6% (P<0.001). After adjusting for confounding factors, compared to participants with normal SpO2, participants with abnormal SpO2 had increased risk of all-cause mortality with HR (95%CI) of 1.62 (1.31-2.02); HR (95 % CI) was 1.49 (0.98-2.26) for males and 1.71 (1.30-2.26) for females in abnormal SpO2 group, respectively; HR (95%CI) was 2.70 (0.98-7.44) for aged 65-79 years old, 1.22 (0.63-2.38) for aged 80-89 years old, and 1.72 (1.35-2.19) for aged over 90 years old in abnormal SpO2 group, respectively. Conclusion: Abnormal SpO2 was responsible for increased risk of 3-year all-cause mortality among Chinese elderly adults.


Assuntos
Longevidade , Oxigênio , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(1): 66-71, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355770

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between blood lead concentrations and cognition impairment among Chinese older adults aged 65 or over. Method: Data was collected in 9 longevity areas from Heathy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study between 2017 and 2018. This study included 1 684 elderly aged 65 years and older. Information about demographic characteristics, socioeconomic factors, health status and cognitive function score of respondents were collected by questionnaire survey and physical examination. Venous blood of the subjects was collected to detect the blood lead concentration. Subjects were stratified into four groups (Q1-Q4) by quartile of blood lead concentration. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the association between blood lead concentration and cognitive impairment. The linear or non-linear association between blood lead concentration and cognitive impairment were described by restrictive cubic splines (RCS). Results: Among the 1 684 respondents, 843 (50.1%) were female and 191 (11.3%) suffered from cognition impairment. After adjusting for confounding factors, the OR value and 95%CI of cognition impairment was 1.05 (1.01-1.10) for every 10 µg/L increase in blood lead concentration in elderly; Compared with the elderly in Q1, the elderly with higher blood lead concentration had an increased risk of cognitive impairment. The OR value and 95%CI of Q2, Q3 and Q4 groups were 1.19 (0.69-2.05), 1.45 (0.84-2.51) and 1.92 (1.13-3.27), respectively. Conclusion: Higher blood lead concentration is associated with cognitive impairment among the elderly aged 65 years and older in 9 longevity areas in China.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Chumbo , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Longevidade
19.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 25(1): 84-93, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367467

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The present study investigated the correlation between the nutritional status and prognosis of COVID-19 patients, and analyzed the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 patients with different nutritional status. METHODS: 429 patients who were diagnosed positive for COVID-19 in Hubei Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from December 2019 to March 2020 were selected and divided into different groups based on Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score (0-4: the low CONUT score group; 5-12: the high CONUT score group). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to investigate the effects of CONUT score on prognosis. RESULTS: The total score of admission status of patients with higher CONUT score was higher than that of those with lower CONUT score (χ2 = 7.152, P = 0.007). The number of adverse outcomes of female was higher than that of male (χ2 = 10.253, P = 0.001). The number of adverse outcomes was higher for patients with smoking history (P = 0.004) or hypertension (χ2 = 11.240, P = 0.001) than those without. Also, the number of adverse outcomes was higher for older patients than younger ones (χ2 = 15.681, P < 0.001). Patients with adverse outcomes had lower urine red blood cell count than patients without adverse outcomes (χ2 = 5.029, P = 0.025). However, BMI, drinking history and diabetes did not show correlation with the prognosis of COVID-19 (P > 0.05).Among patients ≥ 61 years old, the risk of adverse outcomes in the high CONUT score group was 6.191 times that of the low CONUT score group (OR = 6.191, 95% CI: 1.431-26.785).Among the non-diabetic patients, the risk of adverse outcomes in the high CONUT group was 11.678 times that of the low CONUT group (OR = 11.678, 95% CI: 2.754-49.41).For the patients who had a total score of admission status < 6, the risk of adverse outcomes in the high CONUT score group was 8.216 times that of the low CONUT score group (OR = 8.216, 95% CI: 2.439-27.682). CONCLUSION: COVID-19 patients with good nutritional status showed a small chance to have adverse outcomes. Gender, age, hypertension, the number of urine red blood cell count and CONUT score affected the adverse outcomes of patients.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , /diagnóstico , Correlação de Dados , Contagem de Eritrócitos , Hipertensão/complicações , Estado Nutricional , Caracteres Sexuais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , China , Diabetes Mellitus , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumar , Adulto Jovem
20.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(11): 918-923, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256276

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical value of serum des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) in predicting hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after liver transplantation. Methods: A total of 115 cases with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent liver transplantation in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from October 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, Mann-Whitney U test, Kaplan-Meier method, Log-Rank test, χ2 test, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis and other statistical methods were used to explore the value of DCP in predicting tumor recurrence after liver transplantation and its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics. Results: The preoperative serum DCP level in recurrent population after liver transplantation was significantly higher than that in non-recurrent population (P < 0.001). The optimal cut-off value of preoperative DCP for predicting recurrence was 200mAU/ml with the use of receiver operating characteristic curve. The sensitivity, specificity, Youden's index and the receiver operating characteristic curve was 87.90%, 57.30%, 0.452, and 0.726, respectively. Survival analysis results grouped by this cut-off value showed that patients with preoperative DCP ≥200mAU/ml had a higher probability of recurrence (P < 0.001). Further, subgroup survival analysis showed that patients with preoperative DCP≥200 mAU/ ml had a higher probability of recurrence than other cases of alpha-fetoprotein negative subgroup, cumulative tumor diameter ≤ 9 cm subgroup and Milan criteria subgroup (P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that preoperative DCP≥200 mAU/ ml (P = 0.017) and cumulative tumor diameter > 9 cm (P = 0.014) was an independent risk factor for recurrence after liver transplantation. χ (2) test results showed that preoperative serum DCP level was correlated with gender, serum gamma glutamyltransferase level, serum alpha fetoprotein level, cumulative tumor diameter, vascular invasion, tumor differentiation and liver cancer transplant criteria (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Preoperative serum DCP can be used as a supplement to the existing liver cancer transplant criteria to predict hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after liver transplantation. In addition, the accurate screening of patients with low risk of HCC recurrence after liver transplantation can improve the prognosis and efficacy of liver transplant patients.

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