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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058663

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the prognosis and risk factors of lung metastasis of patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma(ACC) of head and neck. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted. The data of 157 patients with ACC of head and neck treated in Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2014 to October 2020 were collected, including 72 males and 85 females, with onset age between 14 and 72 years old. According to whether lung metastasis occurred, the patients were divided into lung metastasis group (88 cases) and non-pulmonary metastasis group (69 cases). Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the overall survival rate and progression-free survival rate using SPSS 26.0 software. Log-rank test was used to evaluate statistically relevant clinicopathological factors. Cox proportional risk model was used in multivariate analysis for the factors affecting the lung metastasis-free survival using R Studio 1.2.5042. Results: The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 91.5% and 85.2%, respectively. The 3-year and 5-year progression-free survival rates were 57.7% and 34.3%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that primary site, histological grade, high-grade transformation, Ki-67, T stage, and lymph node status were the risk factors for lung metastasis (χ2=11.78, 10.41, 4.06, 4.71, 5.37, 16.20, respectively, all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed independent risk factors for lung metastasis, including submandibular gland and sublingual gland (HR=3.53, 95%CI: 1.19-10.46, P<0.05), T3-4 stage (HR=3.09, 95%CI: 1.54-6.23, P<0.05), and Grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ grade (HR=2.47, 95%CI: 1.26-4.86,P<0.05). Conclusion: Distant metastasis, mainly pulmonary metastasis, affects the long-term prognosis of patients with ACC significantly. Primary site, T stage and histopathological grade can be used as the predictors for the risk of lung metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(9): 990-996, 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36164703

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the effectiveness of the primary screening strategy for liver cancer in rural areas to provide basic information for the optimization and perfection of the technical program for the early detection and treatment of liver cancer. Methods: Residents including males aged 35-64 and females aged 45-64 from 9 counties in rural China between 2013 and 2015 were selected as the target population. The participant was classified into a high-risk and non-high-risk group based on the standardized questionnaire or HBsAg, and the Chi-squared test was applied to compare differences between the two groups. The Cox proportional hazard regression models were applied to assess hazard ratio (HR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: 358 348 participants were recruited from 2013 to 2015. 1 196 individuals were identified with liver cancer until December 31, 2021, with an incidence density of 52.0/10(5) person-years. Of the participants, 54 650 were assessed as high risk (15.3%) based on the questionnaire and the status of HBsAg. The high-risk population had a higher incidence density (168.3/10(5) person-years vs 31.5/10(5) person-years) and higher risk of developing liver cancer (HR=2.98, 95% CI=2.64-3.35), compared to the non-high-risk group. Based on the questionnaire-based high-risk assessment system, 47 884 (13.4%) individuals were identified as high risk, who showed statistical differences in terms of incidence density and incidence risk, in comparison to the low-risk population (all P<0.05). HBsAg can screen out a higher proportion of high-risk individuals who are women, non-smokers, non-drinkers, and individuals without a family history of liver cancer (all P<0.05). The sensitivity analysis of the effectiveness of the whole primary screening method is stable, and high-risk individuals still had a higher risk of liver cancer. Conclusions: The primary screening method of the questionnaire-based risk assessment system and HBsAg can achieve satisfactory effectiveness. The questionnaire-based risk assessment system could identify high-risk individuals to some extent, however, it still needs to be improved to meet the actual requirements.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , China/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Fatores de Risco
3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(17): 6129-6144, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111915

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the meta-analysis was to explore the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) in various cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched multiple databases, including PubMed, China National Knowledge 53 Infrastructure (CNKI), Springer, Web of Science, and Cochrane, for articles on the prognostic value of lncRNA MIAT in various cancers before 25 March 2021. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were adopted to evaluate the clinicopathological features and outcomes of cancers. The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset was used to identify the differential expression and prognostic significance of lncRNA MIAT. RESULTS: We enrolled 14 publications, including 1,573 cancer patients. Higher lncRNA MIAT expression was significantly related to worse overall survival (OR=3.13, 95% CI: 2.47-3.96, p<0.05), regardless of cancer types, sample size, and follow-up time of the included studies. Additionally, higher lncRNA MIAT expression was associated with larger tumour sizes (OR=1.67, 95% CI: 1.24-2.26, p<0.05), advanced clinical stage (OR=4.79, 95% CI: 3.38-6.79, p<0.05), lymph nodes metastasis (OR=7.33, 95% CI: 4.61-11.67, p<0.05), and distant metastasis (OR=2.62, 95% CI: 1.88-3.66, p<0.05), but not associated with age and gender. We found no publication bias, and sensitivity analysis indicated that the results were reliable. CONCLUSIONS: Higher lncRNA MIAT expression may predict larger tumour sizes, advanced clinical stage, metastasis of cancers, and lower overall survival rate. LncRNA MIAT may serve as a useful clinicopathological and prognostic biomarker for cancers.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , RNA Longo não Codificante , Biomarcadores , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
4.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(4): 341-351, 2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116923

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphological variation of Oncomelania hupensis shells in Yunnan Province, so as to provide insights into the understanding of O. hupensis genetic evolution and control. METHODS: According to the O. hupensis density, geographical location, altitude, water system and environmental type, 12 administrative villages were sampled from 10 schistosomiasis-endemic counties (districts) in 3 prefectures (cities) of Yunnan Province as snail collection sites. From December 2021 to January 2022, about 200 snails were collected from each collection site, among which thirty adult snails (6 to 7 spirals) were randomly selected from each site, and the 11 morphological indexes of snail shells were measured and subjected to cluster analysis and principal component analysis. RESULTS: Of O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province, the longest shell (7.33 mm) was detected in snails from Yongle Village, Eryuan County, with the shortest (4.68 mm) in Dongyuan Village, Gucheng District, and the largest angle of apex (59.47°) was measured in snails from Caizhuang Village, Midu County, with the smallest (41.40°) in Qiandian Village, Eryuan County. The mean coefficient of variation was 9.075% among O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province, with the largest coefficient of variation seen in the thickness of the labra brim (29.809%). Among O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province, the mean Euclidean distance was 2.26, with the shortest Euclidean distance seen between O. hupensis snails from Qiandian Village of Eryuan County and Wuxing Village of Dali City (0.26), and the largest found between O. hupensis snails from Caizhuang Village of Midu County and Cangling Village of Chuxiong County (8.17). Cluster analysis and principal component analysis classified O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province into three categories, including the O. hupensis snail samples from Caizhuang Village of Midu County, O. hupensis snail samples from Cangling Village of Chuxiong County, and O. hupensis snail samples from Qiandian Village of Eryuan County, Wuxing Village of Dali City, Yangwu Village of Yongsheng County, Xiaoqiao Village of Xiangyun County, Yongle Village of Eryuan County, Xiaocen Village of Dali City, Anding Village of Nanjian County, Dongyuan Village of Gucheng District, Lianyi Village of Heqing County, and Dianzhong Village of Weishan County. The variations in these three categories of snail samples were mainly measured in the principal component 2 related to the angle of apex and the thickness of the labra brim. CONCLUSIONS: The variations in the Euclidean distance and morphological features of shells of O. hupensis from 12 localities of Yunnan Province gradually rise with the decrease in the latitude of the collection sites. The angle of apex is an indicator for the growth of O. hupensis whorl.


Assuntos
Gastrópodes , Animais , China , Cidades , Análise por Conglomerados , Água
5.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(4): 412-416, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the endemic status of schistosomiasis in Suzhou City from 2010 to 2020, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the future schistosomiasis control strategy. METHODS: The data pertaining to the endemic status of schistosomiasis in Suzhou City from 2010 to 2020 were retrieved from the annual schistosomiasis control report, the information management platform of schistosomiasis (parasitic diseases) in Jiangsu Province and the Parasitic Diseases Control Information Management System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, including snail survey data, snail control data and schistosomiasis examination data, and were retrospectively reviewed. Differences of proportions were tested for statistical significance with chi-square test, and the trends in proportions were evaluated using the chi-square test for trends. RESULTS: Elimination of schistosomiasis was achieved in Suzhou City in 2018, and there were 3.528 9 million residents living in schistosomiasis-endemic villages of 81 townships in 9 counties. A total of 707 600 labor-days were used for snail survey in 11 586 village-times in Suzhou City from 2010 to 2020, covering 18 572.73 hm2, and snail habitats were detected with an area of 68.61 hm2, including emerging snail habitats of 37.30 hm2. A total of 23 144 snails were dissected, and no Schistosoma japonicum infection was detected. Reemerging and emerging snail habitats were predominantly found in inlands. During the period from 2010 to 2020, snail control was performed in Suzhou City for 71 000 labor-times, and snail control was done covering 269.34 hm2 through chemical treatment and covering 3.48 hm2 through environmental improvements. A total of 674 002 person-times received serological tests for S. japonicum infections in Suzhou City from 2010 to 2020, with seroprevalence of 0.38%, and a total of 33 835 person-times received stool examinations, with no egg-positives identified. The sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections appeared an overall tendency towards a rise in Suzhou City from 2010 to 2020 (χ2 = 129.48, P < 0.001). The sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections appeared high among local residents in 2016, and remained stable in other years, while the sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections appeared an overall tendency towards a rise among mobile populations (χ2 = 54.11, P < 0.001). There were 278 800 and 175 202 serological tests among local residents and mobile populations in Suzhou City from 2013 to 2020, and 0.50% and 0.35% sero-prevalence rates were detected, respectively. The sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections was significantly higher among local residents than among mobile populations in Suzhou City (χ2= 54.76, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: There is a risk of rebound of schistosomiasis in Suzhou City. Integrated control should be reinforced to prevent the risk of rebound of schistosomiasis in Suzhou City.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose Japônica , Esquistossomose , Animais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Caramujos/parasitologia
6.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(4): 420-428, 2022 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116936

RESUMO

Biological category is effective to indicate the evolution of organism populations between past and present. Conventional taxonomy of human parasites mainly depends on important morphological features, which suffers from a problem of categorizing related-genera species with similar morphological characteristics. With recent advances in molecular biological technologies, the effective applications of mitochondrial and ribosomal biomarkers and sequencing greatly improve the development of the taxonomic rank of human parasites. Worldwide, the classification of human parasites have been continuously revised and improved. Hereby, we re-categorize parasitic Protozoa, Trematoda, Cestoda and Nematoda, so as to provide insights into the researches on molecular systematics and genetic evolution of human parasites.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Parasitos , Trematódeos , Animais , Evolução Molecular , Humanos , Parasitos/genética , Trematódeos/genética
7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(11): 117202, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36154395

RESUMO

Spintronic phenomena to date have been established in magnets with collinear moments, where the spin injection through the spin Seebeck effect (SSE) is always along the out-of-plane direction. Here, we report the observation of a vector SSE in a noncollinear antiferromagnet (AF) LuFeO_{3}, where temperature gradient along the out-of-plane and also the in-plane directions can both inject a pure spin current and generate a voltage in the heavy metal via the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE). We show that the thermovoltages are due to the magnetization from canted spins in LuFeO_{3}. Furthermore, in contrast to the challenges of generating, manipulating, and detecting spin current in collinear AFs, the vector SSE in LuFeO_{3} is readily viable in zero magnetic field and can be controlled by a small magnetic field of about 150 Oe at room temperature. The noncollinear AFs expand new realms for exploring spin phenomena and provide a new route to low-field antiferromagnetic spin caloritronics and magnonics.

8.
Oxf Open Immunol ; 3(1): iqac004, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35996628

RESUMO

COVID-19 has demonstrated the power of RNA vaccines as part of a pandemic response toolkit. Another virus with pandemic potential is influenza. Further development of RNA vaccines in advance of a future influenza pandemic will save time and lives. As RNA vaccines require formulation to enter cells and induce antigen expression, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a recently developed bioreducible cationic polymer, pABOL for the delivery of a self-amplifying RNA (saRNA) vaccine for seasonal influenza virus in mice and ferrets. Mice and ferrets were immunized with pABOL formulated saRNA vaccines expressing either haemagglutinin (HA) from H1N1 or H3N2 influenza virus in a prime boost regime. Antibody responses, both binding and functional were measured in serum after immunization. Animals were then challenged with a matched influenza virus either directly by intranasal inoculation or in a contact transmission model. While highly immunogenic in mice, pABOL-formulated saRNA led to variable responses in ferrets. Animals that responded to the vaccine with higher levels of influenza virus-specific neutralizing antibodies were more protected against influenza virus infection. pABOL-formulated saRNA is immunogenic in ferrets, but further optimization of RNA vaccine formulation and constructs is required to increase the quality and quantity of the antibody response to the vaccine.

9.
Clin Radiol ; 2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36030110

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the value of whole-lesion apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis in discriminating microcystic meningioma (MCM) from atypical meningioma (AM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and preoperative MRI data of 20 patients with MCM and 26 patients with AM were analysed retrospectively. Whole-lesion apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis was performed on each patient's lesion to obtain histogram parameters, including mean, variance, skewness, kurtosis, the 1st (ADCp1), 10th (ADCp10), 50th (ADCp50), 90th (ADCp90), and 99th (ADCp99) percentiles of ADC. The differences between the ADC histogram parameters of the two tumours were compared, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the diagnostic performance of statistically significant parameters in distinguishing the two tumours. RESULTS: The mean, ADCp1, ADCp10, ADCp50, and ADCp90 of MCM were greater than those of AM, and significant differences were observed in these parameters between MCM and AM (all p<0.05). ROC analysis showed that the mean had the highest area under the curve value (AUC) in distinguishing the two tumours (AUC = 0.852), when using 120.46 × 10-6 mm2/s as the optimal threshold, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for discriminating the two groups were 84.6%, 75%, 80.4%, 81.5%, and 78.9%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Histogram analysis based on whole-lesion ADC maps was useful for discriminating between MCM from AM preoperatively, with the mean being the most promising potential parameter.

12.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 30(6): 583-590, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36038318

RESUMO

Objective: Our study aims to determine histological regression and clinical improvement after long-term antiviral therapy in hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis patients. Methods: Treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients with histologically or clinically diagnosed liver cirrhosis were enrolled. Liver biopsies were performed after 5 years entecavir-based antiviral treatment. Patients were followed up every 6 months. Cirrhosis regression was evaluated based on Metavir system and P-I-R score. Clinical improvement was evaluated before and after the long-term treatment. Kruskal Wallis test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used for continuous variables, Fisher's exact test was used for categorical variables and multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression analysis. Results: Totals of 73 patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis were enrolled. Among them, 30 (41.1%) patients were biopsy proved liver cirrhosis and the remaining 43 (58.9%) cirrhotic patients were diagnosed by clinical features. Based on Metavir system and P-I-R score, 72.6% (53/73) patients attained histological regression. Furthermore, 30.1% (22/73) were defined as significant regression (Metavir decrease ≥2 stage), 42.5% (31/73) were mild regression (Metavir decrease 1 stage or predominantly regressive by P-I-R system if still cirrhosis after treatment) and 27.4% (20/73) were the non-regression. Compared to levels of clinical characteristics at baseline, HBV DNA, ALT, AST, liver stiffness(decreased from 12.7 to 6.4 kPa in significant regression, from 18.1 to 7.3 kPa in mild regression and from 21.4 to 11.2 kPa in non-regression)and Ishak-HAI score significantly decreased after 5 years of anti-HBV treatment, while serum levels of platelets and albumin improved remarkably (P<0.05). In multivariate analysis, only the pre-treatment liver stiffness level was associated with significant regression (OR=0.887, 95%CI: 0.802-0.981, P=0.020). Conclusions: After long-term antiviral therapy, patients with HBV-related cirrhosis are easily to attain improvements in clinical parameters, while a certain percentage of these patients still cannot achieve histological reversal.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Fígado , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia
13.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 30(6): 591-597, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36038319

RESUMO

Objective: To clarify the effect and related factors of antiviral therapy on the change of esophageal varices in patients with hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis. Methods: Fifty-two cases with hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis who underwent endoscopy before and after antiviral therapy were selected from prospective cohorts. Patients were divided into three groups: no, mild, and moderate-severe based on the degree of esophageal varices. The changes in the severity of esophageal varices in each group were compared after antiviral therapy. Clinical characteristics (platelet, liver and kidney function, liver stiffness, and virological response) of patients with different regressions were analyzed. Measurement data were analyzed by independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Chi-Square test was used for count data. Results: All patients received entecavir-based antiviral therapy. The median treatment time was 3.1 (2.5-4.4) years. The proportion of patients without esophageal varices increased from 30.8% to 51.9%, the proportion of mild esophageal varices decreased from 40.4% to 30.8%, and the proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe esophageal varices decreased from 28.8% to 17.3% (χ2=14.067, P=0.001). A total of 40.4% of patients had esophageal varices regression, and 13.5% had esophageal varices progression. The progression rate was significantly higher in patients with moderate-severe esophageal varices than patients with mild and no esophageal varices (χ2=28.126, P<0.001), and 60.0% of patients with moderate-severe esophageal varices still remained in moderate-severe state after antiviral treatment. Baseline platelet count and 5-year mean change rates were significantly lower in patients with progressive moderate-to-severe esophageal varices than in those without progression (+3.3% vs. +34.1%, Z=7.00, P=0.027). Conclusion: After effective antiviral treatment, 40.4% of patients with hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis combined with esophageal varices has obtained esophageal varices regression, but those with moderate to severe esophageal varices still have a considerable risk of progression while receiving mono antiviral treatment only. Thrombocytopenia and without significant improving are the clinical signs of progression risk after receiving antiviral treatment.


Assuntos
Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Varizes , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Acta Biomater ; 151: 628-646, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940565

RESUMO

The treatment of femoral nonunion with large segmental bone defect is still challenging. Although magnesium alloys have been considered potential materials for such a treatment, their application is limited by their fast degradation. Adding bioceramic particles into magnesium to form Mg-matrix composites is a promising strategy to adjust their biodegradation rates and to improve their mechanical properties and cytocompatibility further. Here, we developed an extrusion-based additive manufacturing technique to fabricate biodegradable Mg-Zn/bioceramic composite scaffolds ex-situ. Inks carrying a Mg-Zn powder and 5, 10 and 15% ß-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) powder particles were investigated regarding the dispersion of ß-TCP particles in the inks and viscoelastic properties. Optimally formulated inks were then employed for subsequent 3D printing of porous composite scaffolds. The in vitro biodegradation rate of the scaffolds containing 5% ß-TCP decreased to 0.5 mm/y, which falls within the range desired for critical-sized bone substitution. As compared to the monolithic Mg-Zn scaffolds, the elastic moduli and yield strengths of the composite scaffolds were much enhanced, which remained in the range of the cancellous bone properties even after 28 d of in vitro degradation. The Mg-Zn/5TCP and Mg-Zn/10TCP scaffolds also exhibited improved biocompatibility when cultured with preosteoblasts, as compared to Mg-Zn scaffolds. In addition, the ALP activity and mineralization level of the composite scaffolds were much enhanced in the extracts of the composite scaffolds. Taken together, this research marks a great breakthrough in fabricating porous Mg-matrix composite scaffolds that meet several design criteria in terms of appropriate biodegradation rate, mechanical properties, and bioactivity. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The treatment of posttraumatic femoral nonunion with large segmental bone defect is still challenging. In this study, we developed a multi-material extrusion-based additive technique to fabricate porous Mg/bioceramic composite scaffolds for such a treatment. The technique allowed for the fine-tuning of printable inks to optimize the dispersion of micro-sized particles. The relative densities of the struts of the fabricated composite scaffolds reached 99%. The added bioceramic particles (ß-TCP) exhibited proper interfacial bonding with the Mg alloy matrix. The porous Mg-based composite possessed desired biodegradability, bone-mimicking mechanical properties throughout the in vitro biodegradation period and improved bioactivity to bone cells. These results demonstrated great prospects of extrusion-based 3D printed porous Mg materials to be developed further as ideal biodegradable bone-substituting materials.


Assuntos
Magnésio , Tecidos Suporte , Ligas/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Magnésio/farmacologia , Porosidade , Pós , Impressão Tridimensional , Zinco
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35866281

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of high-definition intelligent endoscopy (iSCAN) combined with stroboscopy in identifying vocal cord leukoplakia. Methods: Seventy-nine patients with vocal cord leukoplakia who underwent CO2 laser laryngeal microsurgery and diagnosed by histopathology were recruited between October 2020 to August 2021. The morphological features, microvascular morphology and mucosal waves were observed by stroboscope; SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: There were 79 patients with a total of 119 lesions (56 on left and 63 on right).Pathological examination showed that 51 sides of the vocal cords were malignant lesions (severe dysplasia, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma), and 68 sides were benign lesions.Under stroboscopy, 69 sides of mucosal wave were normal or slightly decreased, and 50 sides were severely decreased or disappeared.The decrease degree of mucosal wave was positively correlated with malignant lesions (ρ=0.687, P<0.001).Under iSCAN endoscopy, there was a positive correlation between the morphological changes of microvessels at the lesion site (vertical) and the malignant lesion (ρ=0.687, P<0.001).Univariate analysis showed that lesion size, thickness, uneven color, granular elevation, peripheral erythema and asymmetry were positively correlated with malignant lesions (ρ=0.530, 0.401, 0.538, 0.315, 0.497, 0.281, P<0.05).Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of pathological malignancy with large lesions was 5.437 times higher than those of small lesions, the vertical vascular changes under iSCAN were 8.711 times higher than that of normal vascular morphology, and the severe reduction or disappearance of mucosal waves was 9.12 times higher than that of normal or mild reduction of mucosal waves. Conclusion: ISCAN can be combined with staphyloscopy to comprehensively observe and evaluate the changes of vocal cord morphology, submucosal microvessels and mucosal wave of vocal cord in patients with vocal cord leukoplosis, thus improving the ability to distinguish benign and malignant lesions.


Assuntos
Doenças da Laringe , Prega Vocal , Endoscopia , Humanos , Doenças da Laringe/diagnóstico , Doenças da Laringe/patologia , Leucoplasia/diagnóstico , Leucoplasia/patologia , Estroboscopia , Prega Vocal/patologia
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(13): 4634-4637, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Abscopal effect of radiotherapy refers to a clinical phenomenon that is characterized by the eradication of distant metastatic tumors following localized irradiation. Reports on the abscopal effect following pure radiotherapy have been relatively rare. CASE REPORT: Herein, we reported a 70-year-old male patient, who has been subjected to swelling and pain in the left neck. Computed tomography examination presented a metastatic lymph node of the left cervical and an intra-abdominal mass which was located in hepatogastric space, upward of the pancreatic head. Histopathology of the left cervical lymph node further ensured a poorly-moderately differentiated form of squamous cell carcinoma. But the primary origin was not defined. This patient received radiotherapy on the metastatic lymph nodes of the left cervical (dose: 60 Gray in 30 fractions) only. After treatment, the pain in the left neck dramatically improved and the swelling of the radiation exposure site diminished gradually. Computed tomography examination also confirmed that the abdominal mass was significantly reduced. CONCLUSIONS: The abscopal effect, in this case, may help us to get a better understanding of the impact of radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pescoço , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/radioterapia , Dor/patologia
17.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(3): 217-222, 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896483

RESUMO

On February 2022, WHO released the evidence-based guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis, with aims to guide the elimination of schistosomiasis as a public health problem in disease-endemic countries by 2030 and promote the interruption of schistosomiasis transmission across the world. Based on the One Health concept, six evidence-based recommendations were proposed in this guideline. This article aims to analyze the feasibility of key aspects of this guideline in Chinese national schistosomiasis control program and illustrate the significance to guide the future actions for Chinese national schistosomiasis control program. Currently, the One Health concept has been embodied in the Chinese national schistosomiasis control program. Based on this new WHO guideline, the following recommendations are proposed for the national schistosomiasis control program of China: (1) improving the systematic framework building, facilitating the agreement of the cross-sectoral consensus, and building a high-level leadership group; (2) optimizing the current human and livestock treatments in the national schistosomiasis control program of China; (3) developing highly sensitive and specific diagnostics and the framework for verifying elimination of schistosomiasis; (4) accelerating the progress towards elimination of schistosomiasis and other parasitic diseases through integrating the national control programs for other parasitic diseases.


Assuntos
Erradicação de Doenças , Esquistossomose , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Organização Mundial da Saúde
18.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(3): 223-229, 2022 Jul 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896484

RESUMO

Preventive chemotherapy is one of the pivotal interventions for the control and elimination of schistosomiasis, which is effective to reduce the morbidity and prevalence of schistosomiasis. In order to promote the United Nations' sustainable development goals and the targets set for schistosomiasis control in the Ending the neglect to attain the Sustainable Development Goals: a road map for neglected tropical diseases 2021-2030, WHO released the guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis in 2022, with major evidence-based updates of the current preventive chemotherapy strategy for schistosomiasis. In China where great success has been achieved in schistosomiasis control, the preventive chemotherapy strategy for schistosomiasis has been updated several times during the past seven decades. This article reviews the evolution of the WHO guidelines on preventive chemotherapy and Chinese national preventive chemotherapy schemes, compares the current Chinese national preventive chemotherapy scheme and the recommendations for preventive chemotherapy proposed in the 2022 WHO guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis, and proposes recommendations for preventive chemotherapy during the future implementation of the 2022 WHO guideline, so as to provide insights into schistosomiasis control among public health professionals engaging in healthcare foreign aid.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Saúde Pública , Esquistossomose/tratamento farmacológico , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Organização Mundial da Saúde
19.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(3): 230-234, 2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896485

RESUMO

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease that seriously hinders socioeconomic developments and threatens public health security. To achieve the global elimination of schistosomiasis as a public health problem by 2030, WHO released the guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis on February, 2022, with aims to provide evidence-based recommendations for schistosomiasis morbidity control, elimination of schistosomiasis as a public health problem, and ultimate interruption of schistosomiasis transmission in disease-endemic countries. Following concerted efforts for decades, great achievements have been obtained for schistosomiasis control in China where the disease was historically highly prevalent, and the country is moving towards schistosomiasis elimination. This article reviews the successful experiences from the national schistosmiasis control program in China, and summarizes their contributions to the formulation and implementation of the WHO guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis. With the progress of the "Belt and Road" initiative, the world is looking forward to more China's solutions on schistosomiasis control.


Assuntos
Erradicação de Doenças , Esquistossomose , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/parasitologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Organização Mundial da Saúde
20.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(3): 300-306, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of indirect haemagglutination assay (IHA) for detection of Schistosoma japonicum infections among boatmen and fishermen in Dongting Lake region, so as to provide insights into improving the schistosomiasis surveillance program among boatmen and fishermen. METHODS: The boatmen and fishermen were detected for S. japonicum infections using IHA and Kato-Katz technique or miracidium hatching test nylon gauze simultaneously at schistosomiasis testing sites in the anchor sites for boatmen and fishermen in the Dongting Lake region during the period from 2014 to 2016, and using IHA for serological screening followed by parasitological testing of seropositives during the period from 2017 to 2019. The sensitivity and specificity of IHA were evaluated for detection of S. japonicum infections among boatmen and fishermen, with the 2014-2016 parasitological testing results as a gold standard. In addition, the seroprevalence of S. japonicum infections was compared among boatmen and fishermen with different characteristics and among years. RESULTS: A total of 306 schistosomiasis testing sites were assigned for boatmen and fishermen, and a total of 143 360 person-time boatmen and fishermen were tested for S. japonicum infections in the Dongting Lake region from 2014 to 2019. The sensitivity and specificity of IHA were 69.9%, 97.3% and 96.1% (χ2 = 74.6, P < 0.05), and 70.9%, 74.5% and 71.9% for detection of S. japonicum infections from 2014 to 2016 (χ2 = 29.4, P < 0.05), respectively. The seroprevalence of S. japonicum infections reduced from 30.3% in 2014 to 1.8% in 2019 among boatmen and fishermen, appearing an overall tendency towards a decline (Z = 1 552.4, P < 0.05). In addition, male, individuals at ages of 45 to 60 years, full-time boatmen and fishermen were more likely to be seropositive for S. japonicum infections (all P values < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The seroprevalence of S. japonicum infections appeared a tendency towards a decline among boatmen and fishermen in the Dongting Lake region year by year from 2014 to 2019. IHA presented a high efficacy for screening of S. japonicum infections among boatmen and fishermen in the Dongting Lake region.


Assuntos
Schistosoma japonicum , Esquistossomose Japônica , Esquistossomose , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Hemaglutinação , Humanos , Lagos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Esquistossomose/diagnóstico , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose Japônica/diagnóstico , Esquistossomose Japônica/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose Japônica/prevenção & controle , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
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