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1.
Curr Mol Med ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia is widespread in the world's population, increasing the risk of many diseases. This study aimed to explore the regulatory effect and mechanism of astragaloside IV (ASIV)-mediated endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) exosomal LINC01963 in endothelial cells (HUVECs) impaired by high glucose. METHODS: Morphologies of exosomes were observed by light microscope and electron microscope. Immunofluorescence was used to identify EPCs and detect the expressions of caspase-1. LINC01963 was detected by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-3 were detected by Western Blot. Nanoparticle tracking analysis was carried out to analyze the exosome diameter. High-throughput sequencing was applied to screen target lncRNAs. The proliferation of endothelial cells was measured by cell counting kit-8 assay. The apoptosis level of HUVECs was detected by flow cytometry and TdT-mediated dUTP Nick-End labeling. The levels of IL-1ß, IL-18, ROS, SOD, MDA, and LDH were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: ASIV could promote the secretion of the EPC exosome. LINC01963 was obtained by high-throughput sequencing. It was observed that high glucose could inhibit the proliferation, reduce the level of SOD, the expression of NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1, increase the levels of IL-1ß, IL-18, ROS, MDA, and LDH, and promote apoptosis of HUVECs. Whereas LINC01963 could inhibit the apoptosis of HUVECs, the expression of NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1 increased, and the levels of IL-1ß, IL-18, ROS, MDA, and LDH decreased. CONCLUSION: EPCs exosomal LINC01963 play an inhibitory role in high glucose-induced pyroptosis and oxidative stress of HUVECs. This study provides new ideas and directions for treating hyperglycemia and researching exosomal lncRNAs.

2.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1053217, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36568307

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) that act as messengers mediate communication between parent and recipient cells through their contents, including nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids. These endogenous vesicles have emerged as a novel cell-free strategy for the treatment of diseases. EVs can be released by various types of cells with unique biological properties. Recent studies have shown that native EVs are used as therapeutic agents to promote tissue repair by delivering various growth factors and trophic factors including VEGF, EGF, TFN-α, IL-1ß, and TGF-ß to participate in all physiological processes of wound healing. Furthermore, to improve their specificity, safety, and efficiency for wound healing, the content and surface of EVs can be designed, modified, and engineered. The engineering strategies of EVs are divided into parent cell modification and indirect modification of EVs. The therapeutic potential of current EVs and engineered EVs for wound healing still requires the exploration of their large-scale clinical applications through innovative approaches. Herein, we provide an overview of the current biological knowledge about wound healing and EVs, as well as the application of native EVs in promoting wound healing. We also outline recent advances in engineering EV methodologies to achieve ideal therapeutic potential. Finally, the therapeutic applications of engineered EVs in wound healing are reviewed, and the challenges and prospects for the translation of engineered EVs to clinical applications are discussed.

3.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36534028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to observe and investigate the clinical value of scar loosening and tissue-expansive autologous skin grafting in the treatment of postburn scars and independent risk characteristics for surgery-related complications. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 94 cases with postburn scars, and all patients were treated with scar loosening and autologous skin grafting. Overall therapeutic effects were evaluated using the standard of cure and improvement of clinical diseases. Burn Specific Health Scale-brief was used to analyze patients' quality of life. The visual analog scale scores were used to analyze esthetic satisfaction. Surgery-related complications were recorded, and logistic regression model was used to analyze independent factors affecting surgery-related complications. RESULTS: As for overall efficacy evaluation, 50 cases were cured, 19 cases were markedly improved, 17 cases improved, and 8 cases were detected and tested, and the overall effective rate was 91.4%. The Burn Specific Health Scale-brief and visual analog scale score showed a trend of increasing gradually. It indicated that the patients were satisfied with the operation and their quality of life was improved. The logistic regression model showed that history of skin disease (OR=1.53 (1.08-2.16), P=0.02) and skin area (OR=2.50 (1.22-4.50), P<0.01) were significantly associated with surgery-related complications. CONCLUSIONS: Scar loosening and autologous skin grafting is a safe and effective treatment. The history of skin disease and skin area was the independent factors for surgery-related complications.

4.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 27(10): 279, 2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the mechanisms of acute rejection for vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) using microRNAs (miRNAs) differential expression in a VCA animal model. METHODS: Brown Norway rats were used as transplant donors and Lewis rats as VCA receptors. The changes were divided into different stages before and after transplantation in Lewis rats, and all appearance changes were recorded. Also, histological evaluations were performed on all recipients, and the expression of microRNAs was analyzed when acute immune rejection occurred. Then, we used GO and KEGG Pathway enrichment analyses to predict miRNA targets. Finally, differentially expressed miRNAs were detected by RT-qPCR. RESULTS: Compared to pre-operation, 22 miRNAs were differentially expressed after operations. Among them, nine were upregulated, and 13 were downregulated in skin tissues. The RT-qPCR results revealed that rno-miR-340-5p and rno-miR-21-5p were significantly upregulated and enriched in the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Moreover, rno-miR-145-5p and rno-miR-195-5p were significantly downregulated, and most of their target genes were enriched in the Hippo signaling pathway. The histological evaluations showed that, after VCA, the skin tissue presented severe acute rejection. CONCLUSIONS: The miRNAs rno-miR-340-5p, rno-miR-21-5p, rno-miR-145-5p, and rno-miR-195-5p were significantly regulated during VCA acute rejection, when the four miRNAs analyses were done on skin biopsies. These miRNAs might be potential biomarkers for objective, early, and minimally invasive rejection diagnosis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Alotransplante de Tecidos Compostos Vascularizados , Animais , Ratos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Biomarcadores
5.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(11): 1023-1033, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418259

RESUMO

Objective: The investigate the effects and mechanism of exosomes derived from human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) on wound healing in diabetes rabbits. Methods: The experimental research methods were used. The primary vascular endothelial cells (VECs) and human skin fibroblasts (HSFs) were extracted from skin tissue around ulcer by surgical excision of two patients with diabetic ulcer (the male aged 49 years and the female aged 58 years) admitted to Xiangya Third Hospital of Central South University in June 2019. The cells were successfully identified through morphological observation and flow cytometry. The HUVEC exosomes were extracted by ultracentrifugation and identified successfully by morphological observation, particle size detection, and Western blotting detection. Twenty female 3-month-old New Zealand rabbits were taken to create one type 2 diabetic full-thickness skin defect wound respectively on both sides of the back. The wounds were divided into exosomes group and phosphate buffer solution (PBS) group and treated accordingly, with 20 wounds in each group, the time of complete tissue coverage of wound was recorded. On PID 14, hematoxylin-eosin staining or Masson staining was performed to observe angiogenesis or collagen fiber hyperplasia (n=20). The VECs and HSFs were co-cultured with HUVEC exosomes for 24 h to observe the uptake of HUVEC exosomes by the two kinds of cells. The VECs and HSFs were divided to exosome group treated with HUVEC exosomes and PBS group treated with PBS to detect the cell proliferation on 4 d of culture with cell count kit 8, to detect and calculate the cell migration rate at 24 and 48 h after scratch by scratch test, to detect the cell migration number at 24 h of culture with Transwell test, and to detect the mRNA expressions of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) and transcription activating factor 3 (ATF3) by real time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Besides, the number of vascular branches and vascular length were observed in the tube forming experiment after 12 h of culture of VECs (n=3). The VECs and HSFs were taken and divided into PBS group and exosome group treated as before, and NRF2 interference group, ATF3 interference group, and no-load interference group with corresponding gene interference. The proliferation and migration of the two kinds of cells, and angiogenesis of VECs were detected as before (n=3). Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, independent sample t test, and least significant difference test. Results: The time of complete tissue coverage of wound in exosome group was (17.9±1.9) d, which was significantly shorter than (25.2±2.3) d in PBS group (t=4.54, P<0.05). On PID14, the vascular density of wound in PBS group was significantly lower than that in exosome group (t=10.12, P<0.01), and the collagen fiber hyperplasia was less than that in exosome group. After 24 h of culture, HUVEC exosomes were successfully absorbed by VECs and HSFs. The proliferative activity of HSFs and VECs in exosome group was significantly higher than that in PBS group after 4 d of culture (with t values of 54.73 and 7.05, respectively, P<0.01). At 24 and 48 h after scratch, the migration rates of HSFs (with t values of 3.42 and 11.87, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01) and VECs (with t values of 21.42 and 5.49, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01) in exosome group were significantly higher than those in PBS group. After 24 h of culture, the migration numbers of VECs and HSFs in exosome group were significantly higher than those in PBS group (with t values of 12.31 and 16.78, respectively, P<0.01). After 12 h of culture, the mRNA expressions of NRF2 in HSFs and VECs in exosome group were significantly higher than those in PBS group (with t values of 7.52 and 5.78, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the mRNA expressions of ATF3 were significantly lower than those in PBS group (with t values of 13.44 and 8.99, respectively, P<0.01). After 12 h of culture, the number of vascular branches of VECs in exosome group was significantly more than that in PBS group (t=17.60, P<0.01), and the vascular length was significantly longer than that in PBS group (t=77.30, P<0.01). After 4 d of culture, the proliferation activity of HSFs and VECs in NRF2 interference group was significantly lower than that in PBS group and exosome group (P<0.05 or P<0.01); the proliferation activity of HSFs and VECs in ATF3 interference group was significantly higher than that in PBS group (P<0.05 or P<0.01) and significantly lower than that in exosome group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). At 24 and 48 h after scratch, the migration rates of HSFs and VECs in ATF3 interference group were significantly higher than those in PBS group (P<0.05 or P<0.01) and significantly lower than those in exosome group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). At 24 and 48 h after scratch, the migration rates of HSFs and VECs in NRF2 interference group were significantly lower than those in PBS group and exosome group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). After 24 h of culture, the migration numbers of VECs and HSFs in ATF3 interference group were significantly more than those in PBS group (P<0.05) and significantly less than those in exosome group (P<0.05 or P<0.01); the migration numbers of VECs and HSFs in NRF2 interference group were significantly less than those in PBS group and exosome group (P<0.01). After 12 h of culture, the vascular length and number of branches of VECs in NRF2 interference group were significantly decreased compared with those in PBS group and exosome group (P<0.01); the vascular length and number of branches of VECs in ATF3 interference group were significantly increased compared with those in PBS group (P<0.01) and were significantly decreased compared with those in exosome group (P<0.01). Conclusions: HUVEC exosomes can promote the wound healing of diabetic rabbits by promoting the proliferation and migration of VECs and HSFs, and NRF2 and ATF3 are obviously affected by exosomes in this process, which are the possible targets of exosome action.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Exossomos , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Coelhos , Colágeno/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Hiperplasia/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Úlcera , Cicatrização , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
J Inflamm Res ; 15: 6021-6030, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330168

RESUMO

Aim: The development of microsurgery has greatly advanced vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA). However, like organ transplantation, VCA is also limited by acute rejection, and concerns regarding long-term survival and function of the transplanted graft. Therefore, it is necessary to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying acute rejection caused by VCA, in order to improve patient survival. Methods: Firstly, we used Brown Norway rats and Lewis rats to construct animal model of VCA. Regularly record the appearance changes of all subjects. Specimens were collected for histological examination, microRNAs (miRNAs) sequencing and RT-qPCR verification when acute immune rejection occurred. Then, bioinformatics analysis was employed to predict miRNA related molecules and pathway information. Finally, differentially expressed miRNAs were tested and verified. Results: MiRNAs are small non coding RNA transcripts that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Studies have shown that miRNAs are involved in immune regulation and several miRNAs have been identified that are potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of acute rejection. In this study, we found that the expression levels of rno-miR-21-5p, rno-miR-340-5p, rno-miR-1-3p and rno-miR-195-5p are significantly associated with acute rejection following VCA. Conclusion: This miRNA signature can potentially an auxiliary diagnostic indicator of rejection, which can help clinicians adjust the immunosuppressive program in time during acute rejection.

7.
Front Immunol ; 13: 919145, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36211371

RESUMO

Introduction: Skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM) is the world's fourth deadliest cancer, and advanced SKCM leads to a poor prognosis. Novel biomarkers for SKCM diagnosis and prognosis are urgently needed. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) provide various biological functions and have been proved to play a significant role in tumor progression. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) enables genome analysis at the single-cell level. This study explored prognostic lncRNAs in SKCM based on scRNA-seq and bulk RNA sequencing data. Materials and methods: The TCGA cohort and melanoma samples in the GEO database (GSE72056, GSE19234, GSE15605, GSE7553, and GSE81383) were included in this study. Marker genes were filtered, and ensemble lncRNAs were annotated. The clinical significance of selected lncRNAs was verified through TCGA and GEO dataset analysis. SiRNA transfection, wound-healing and transwell assays were performed to evaluate the effect of PRRT3-AS1 on cellular function. Immune infiltration of the selected lncRNAs was also exhibited. Results: A 5-marker-lncRNAs model of significant prognostic value was constructed based on GSE72056 and the TCGA cohort. PRRT3-AS1 combined with DANCR was then found to provide significant prognostic value in SKCM. PRRT3-AS1 was filtered for its higher expression in more advanced melanoma and significant prognosis value. Cellular function experiments in vitro revealed that PRRT3-AS1 may be required for cancer cell migration in SKCM. PRRT3-AS1 was found to be related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling pathways. DNA methylation of PRRT3-AS1 was negatively related to PRRT3-AS1 expression and showed significant prognosis value. In addition, PRRT3-AS1 may suppress immune infiltration and be involved in immunotherapy resistance. Conclusion: PRRT3-AS1 may be a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of SKCM.


Assuntos
Melanoma , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Biomarcadores , Análise de Dados , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/terapia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno
8.
Front Surg ; 9: 926936, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061050

RESUMO

Purpose: Infection is the most common complication following breast implant surgery. Nevertheless, the systematic administration of antibiotics after breast implant surgery has been subjected to controversial debate. In this study, we sought to elucidate the association between infection and the use of antibiotics as an aftermath of breast implantation surgical procedures. Methods: Relevant studies were identified from PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE search mining. The extracted data included study type, basic characteristics, administrated antibiotic information, and clinical outcomes. Random-effects models were utilized to estimate outcomes, while study quality, statistical bias, and heterogeneity were also analyzed. Results: A total of 7 studies involving a total of 9,147 subjects were included. The results demonstrated that the use of antibiotics after breast implantation reduced the incidence of infection (risk ratio [RR]: 0.65, 95% CI, 0.46-0.90). Nevertheless, smoking, obesity and diabetes type II are risk factors for postoperative infections. Sensitivity analysis verified the robustness of the results. Conclusions: Our study identified the administration of antibiotics after breast implantation as an intervention that decreased the incidence of infection. Smoking, obesity, and diabetes type II are risk factors for postoperative infections. These findings strongly suggest that timely and effective antibiotic interventions will be crucial in future clinical practice, which may reduce the risk of postoperative infection following breast implantation.

9.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 544, 2022 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071069

RESUMO

Illumina tRFs & tiRNAs-seq analysis was used to characterize the whole transcriptomes of acute rejection caused by vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA). tRFs & tiRNAs-seq information for muscle samples with VCA was obtained and compared with similar information for same age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects. The expression of 16 tRFs and tiRNAs, including 5 up-regulated target genes and 11 down-regulated target genes, were significantly different. According to bioinformatics analysis and reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction, we speculate that tiRNA-1-34-Glu-CTC-1 plays an important role in VCA-induced acute rejection by regulating the CACNA1D gene in the MAPK signaling pathway The findings provide the whole-transcriptome signatures of acute rejection for VCA, allowing further exploration of gene expression patterns/signatures associated with the various clinical symptoms of acute rejection for VCA.


Assuntos
Pequeno RNA não Traduzido , Transcriptoma , Alotransplante de Tecidos Compostos Vascularizados , Humanos , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/genética , Transdução de Sinais
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(4): 458-466, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383604

RESUMO

Abstract Background: UVB irradiation can cause acute damage such as sunburn, or photoaging and melanoma, all of which are major health threats. Objective: This study was designed to investigate the mechanism of skin photoaging induced by UVB radiation in mice through the analysis of the differential expression of miRNAs. Methods: A UVB irradiation photoaging model was constructed. HE and Masson special stains were used to examine the modifications in the epidermis and dermis of mice. The miRNA expression profiles of the mouse skin model exposed to UVB radiation and the normal skin of mice were analyzed using miRNA-sequence analysis. GO and Pathway analysis were employed for the prediction of miRNA targets. Results: A total of 23 miRNAs were evaluated for significantly different expressions in comparison to normal skin. Among them, 7 miRNAs were up-regulated and 16 were down-regulated in the skin with photoaging of mice exposed to UVB irradiation. The differential expression of miRNA is related to a variety of signal transduction pathways, among which mmu-miR-195a-5p and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathways are crucial. There was a significant differential expression of miRNA in the skin of normal mice in comparison with the skin with photoaging induced by UVB irradiation. Study limitations: Due to time and energy constraints, the specific protein level verification, MAPK pathway exploration, and miR-195a-5p downstream molecular mechanism need to be further studied in the future. Conclusions: UVB-induced skin photoaging can be diagnosed and treated using miRNA.

11.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 47(6): 698-706, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35837769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have certain side effects in the treatment of hypertrophic scar, and the scar recurrence is easy after withdrawal of steroid anti-inflammatory drugs. Finding reliable alternative drugs is an effective means to improve this defect. Aspirin, a traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is safe for topical use and has anti-inflammatory effects similar to those of steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which may have similar effects on the treatment of hypertrophic scar. This study aims to investigate the inhibitory effect of aspirin on the proliferation of hypertrophic scar in rabbit ears and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: The rabbit ear hypertrophic scar models were prepared. The rabbits were randomly divided into a normal skin group (group A), a blank control group (group B), a 0.9% NaCl group (group C), a 0.2% aspirin group (group D), a 0.5% aspirin group (group E), a 2% aspirin group (group F), and a triamcinolone acetonide group (group G). Macroscopic observation of hyperplasia was performed 8 weeks after local injection of the scar, followed by collecting the scar tissue samples for HE staining, Masson staining, and immunohistochemistry, respectively to assess the proliferation of fibroblasts and collagen fibers, and calculate the hypertrophic index, microvessel density, and immunohistochemical score. RESULTS: All rabbit ear hypertrophic scar models were successfully constructed. In groups B and C, the hypertrophic scar edge was irregular, with reddish protruding epidermis, significant contracture and hard touch. In group D, E, and F, with the increase of aspirin administration concentration, the scar became thinner and gradually flat, the proliferation of fibrocytes and collagen fibers was weakened, and the hypertrophic index was gradually decreased (P<0.05). Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of ß-catenin was decreased in the group D, E and F in turn, and the immunohistochemical score was gradually decreased (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in hypertrophic index, microvessel density, and immunohistochemical score (all P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Local injection of aspirin can reduce the generation of hypertrophic scar in a dose-dependent manner within a certain concentration range; aspirin inhibits the growth of hypertrophic scar in rabbit ears by inhibiting Wnt/ß-catenin signal pathway; 2% aspirin and 40 mg/mL triamcinolone acetonide have similar curative efficacy on hypertrophic scar.


Assuntos
Cicatriz Hipertrófica , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/farmacologia , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/tratamento farmacológico , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/metabolismo , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/patologia , Colágeno , Coelhos , Transdução de Sinais , Triancinolona Acetonida/uso terapêutico , beta Catenina/metabolismo
12.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 845345, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646837

RESUMO

Postoperative wound edema, infection, and pain burden the patient's life. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop an effective antibacterial, multifunctional application to prevent postoperative edema and relieve postoperative pain by making full use of the dehydrating and analgesic effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4), magnesium oxide (MgO), sodium alginate (SA), and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Na-CMC) to make a composite hydrogel, which can promote postoperative detumescence. MgSO4//MgO/SA/Na-CMC composite hydrogel dressings have outstanding mechanical properties, high water absorption, and good biocompatibility. MgO endows the hydrogel dressing with excellent antibacterial properties and better antibacterial activity against common bacteria and multidrug-resistant bacteria. In addition, MgSO4/MgO/SA/Na-CMC hydrogel dressing shows superior dehydration and analgesic properties in the postoperative nude mice model. This study shows that the multifunctional MgSO4/MgO/SA/Na-CMC composite hydrogel dressing developed as a surgical incision dressing has broad prospects in the prevention of incision infection, postoperative edema, and analgesia.

13.
An Bras Dermatol ; 97(4): 458-466, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: UVB irradiation can cause acute damage such as sunburn, or photoaging and melanoma, all of which are major health threats. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the mechanism of skin photoaging induced by UVB radiation in mice through the analysis of the differential expression of miRNAs. METHODS: A UVB irradiation photoaging model was constructed. HE and Masson special stains were used to examine the modifications in the epidermis and dermis of mice. The miRNA expression profiles of the mouse skin model exposed to UVB radiation and the normal skin of mice were analyzed using miRNA-sequence analysis. GO and Pathway analysis were employed for the prediction of miRNA targets. RESULTS: A total of 23 miRNAs were evaluated for significantly different expressions in comparison to normal skin. Among them, 7 miRNAs were up-regulated and 16 were down-regulated in the skin with photoaging of mice exposed to UVB irradiation. The differential expression of miRNA is related to a variety of signal transduction pathways, among which mmu-miR-195a-5p and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathways are crucial. There was a significant differential expression of miRNA in the skin of normal mice in comparison with the skin with photoaging induced by UVB irradiation. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Due to time and energy constraints, the specific protein level verification, MAPK pathway exploration, and miR-195a-5p downstream molecular mechanism need to be further studied in the future. CONCLUSIONS: UVB-induced skin photoaging can be diagnosed and treated using miRNA.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Envelhecimento da Pele , Raios Ultravioleta , Animais , Epiderme , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Envelhecimento da Pele/genética , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
14.
Int Wound J ; 2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35768072

RESUMO

Bibliometric analyses are often used as a means of visualising the knowledge base and associated trends and patterns in a target scientific field based on a quantitative review of the corresponding literature. In this study, we explore the current status of research pertaining to biofilms in wound healing and elucidate trends in this research space. Through this process, we gain insight into findings from papers indexed in the Web of Science Core Collection. These references were then analysed and plotted using Microsoft Excel 2019, VOSviewer, and CiteSpace V. The results provide a fresh perspective regarding global trends and hotspots in biofilm-related wound healing research. These findings also offer a foundation that researchers can use to identify active hotspots of scientific interest to guide further research endeavours.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 821696, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35495721

RESUMO

Corynebacterium accounts for around 20% of the armpit microbiome and plays an essential role in axillary osmidrosis (AO). In this study, the effects of Lactobacillus bulgaricus treatment on the microecological environment of armpits and its efficacy in the treatment of AO were investigated. A total of 10 AO patients were enrolled in this study. The patients were treated with L. bulgaricus mixed with saline on the left armpit (experimental group) and pure saline on the right armpit (control group) for 28 days. After treatment, AO severity showed a significant decrease (p = 0.013) in the experimental group compared with the control group, and the Corynebacterium abundance also showed a corresponding significant decrease (p < 0.01). Moreover, no significant variation in Staphylococcus abundance was found between these two groups. The microbe diversity is not disturbed in the treatment. Accordingly, our study demonstrates that L. bulgaricus can serve as an effective probiotic microbe for AO treatment by reducing the abundance of Corynebacterium and rebalancing the microecological environment.

16.
J Appl Microbiol ; 133(2): 436-447, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35332963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effect of Bacillus subtilis WB800N on diabetic wounds. METHODS: Haematoxylin & eosin (H&E) staining was used to observe the healing of skin wounds. Collagen deposition was assessed by Masson staining. Western blotting and qRT-PCR were used to detect vascular endothelial-related factors (VWF), CD31, TLR2, NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1 expression. 16S rDNA sequencing detected microbiota distribution. The concentrations of IL-1ß and IL-37 were measured by ELISA. Apoptosis was measured by the TUNEL assay. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, wound healing was delayed in diabetic mice. The wound area in the Bacillus subtilis group decreased more significantly than the diabetic wound group. H&E staining showed that Bacillus subtilis WB800N promoted wound healing and increased re-epithelialization. Masson staining showed that Bacillus subtilis WB800N increased collagen deposition in mice with diabetic wounds. Bacillus subtilis WB800N upregulated VWF and CD31 protein expression in diabetic wounds mice. The 16S rDNA results showed that Bacillus subtilis WB800N reduced the diversity of the gut microbiota of diabetic wounds mice and regulated the microbial composition. At the genus level, Bacillus subtilis WB800N reduced the relative abundance of Muribaculaceae and CG - 005 in diabetic wounds mice, whilst increasing the relative abundance of Lactobacillus. Bacillus subtilis WB800N increased the expression of TLR2, NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1. Bacillus subtilis WB800N increased the concentrations of IL-1ß and IL-37 in serum. Bacillus subtilis WB800N upregulated cell apoptosis. The TLR2 antagonist Sparstolonin B (SsnB) reduced the expression of TLR2, NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1ß and IL-37 and the apoptosis in diabetic wounds mice, whilst the combined intervention of Bacillus subtilis and SsnB reversed the effect of SsnB treatment alone. CONCLUSION: Bacillus subtilis WB800N alleviated diabetic wound healing by regulating gut microbiota homeostasis and TLR2. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF RESEARCH: Our findings might provide potential therapeutic targets for diabetic wounds.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Receptor 2 Toll-Like , Animais , Bacillus subtilis/genética , Caspases , DNA Ribossômico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Homeostase , Camundongos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/genética , Fator de von Willebrand
17.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 46(3): 1303-1313, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35048148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, an AI osteotomy software was developed to design the presurgical plan of mandibular angle osteotomy, which is followed by the comparison between the software-designed presurgical plan and the traditional manual presurgical plan, thus assessing the practicability of applying the AI osteotomy software in clinical practices. METHODS: (1) Develop an AI osteotomy software: design an algorithm based on convolutional neural networks capable of learning feature point and processing clustering segmentation; then, select 2296 cases of successful 3D mandibular angle osteotomy presurgical plans, followed by using those 2296 cases to train the deep learning algorithm; (2) compare the osteotomy presurgical plan of AI osteotomy software and that of manual: first step: randomly selecting 80 cases of typical female head 3D CTs, and designing those 80 cases by means of AI osteotomy software designing (group A) and manually designing (group B), respectively; second step: comparing several indexes of group A and those of group B, including the efficiency index (time from input original CT data to osteotomy presurgical plan output), the safety index (the minimum distance from the osteotomy plane to the mandibular canal), the symmetry indexes (bilateral difference of mandibular angle, mandibular ramus height and mandibular valgus angle) and aesthetic indexes (width ratio between middle and lower faces (M/L), mandibular angle and mandibular valgus angle). RESULTS: The efficiency index: the design time of group A is 1.768 ± 0.768 min and that of group B is 26.108 ± 1.137 min, with P = 0.000; the safety index: The minimum distances from the osteotomy plane to the mandibular canal are 3.908 ± 0.361mm and 3.651 ± 0.437mm, p = 0.117 in groups A and B, respectively; The symmetry indexes: Bilateral differences of mandibular angle are 1.824 ± 1.834° and 1.567 ± 1.059° in groups A and B, respectively, with P = 0.278; bilateral differences of mandibular ramus height are 2.083 ± 1.263 and 2.965 ± 1.433, respectively, with P = 0.119 in groups A and B; Aesthetic indexes: M/L in groups A and B is 1.364 ± 0.074 and 1.371 ± 0.067, respectively, with P = 0.793; mandibular angles in groups A and B are 127.724 ± 5.800° and 127.242 ± 5.545°, respectively, with P = 0.681; Valgus angles in groups A and B are 11.474 ± 5.380 and 9.743 ± 4.620, respectively, with P = 0.273. CONCLUSIONS: With high efficiency, as well as safety, symmetry and aesthetics equivalent to those of a manual design, the AI osteotomy software designing can be used as an alternative method for manual osteotomy designing. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Osteotomia Mandibular , Feminino , Humanos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Osteotomia Mandibular/métodos , Osteotomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Cancer Nurs ; 45(2): E560-E572, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is common among adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors. Physical activity (PA) and behavioral activation (BA) therapy have been reported as enhancing sleep quality, but few studies exist on the effects of such interventions combined with technology to promote sleep quality in AYA cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and effects of intelligent wearable device-based PA therapy and internet-based modified BA therapy to improve sleep quality among AYA cancer patients. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with 143 AYA cancer patients was conducted. Participants were randomly assigned to a control group (n = 48), which performed routine care, a PA group (n = 47), which received 8-week PA therapy based on intelligent wearable devices, and a BA group (n = 48), which participated in internet-based modified BA therapy for 8 weeks. RESULTS: At 1 week and 3 months after the intervention for sleep quality, there were statistically significant differences between the PA group and the control group (P = .020), but no statistically significant difference between the BA group and the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The intelligent wearable device-based PA therapy has more advantages than internet-based modified BA therapy in improving the overall state of AYA cancer patients, and the intervention effect was sustained for at least 3 months. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Developing and implementing PA plans for AYA cancer survivors can improve their sleep quality. Social media, intelligent wearable devices, and mobile health applications have unique advantages in promoting sleep quality for AYA cancer survivors.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Aplicativos Móveis , Neoplasias , Adolescente , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/terapia , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Qualidade do Sono , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; 56(4): 198-207, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338133

RESUMO

Flaps are common technical choices in aesthetic and reconstructive surgeries. However, the poor flap survival rate remains to be a difficult issue that troubles plastic surgeon. Recent research evidence supports that the use of Botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) can increase the flap survival rate. For verification, the present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of BTXA on flap surgery. Eight databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Ovid, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, CBM, CNKI and WANFANG database) were searched for related published literature up to September 2020. A meta-analysis was then conducted to compare the effect of using BTXA with that of using saline or no treatment in flap surgery. Seventeen studies with a total of 565 animals were finally included in this review after strict exclusion and inclusion. Compared with saline/no treatment + flap group, BTXA + flap group showed a significantly higher flap tissue survival rate (mean difference [MD] 15.55, p < 0.00001), blood flow (standardized mean difference [SMD] 1.97, p < 0.00001) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression (at mRNA level: SMD 6.01, p = 0.02; at protein level: SMD 3.35, p < 0.00001). BTXA combined with flap surgery may have a positive effect on improving the flap tissue survival rate, blood flow of flaps and VEGF expression. Besides, the timing of BTXA injection may be an important factor for exerting its effect on flap surgery.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Animais , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/farmacologia , Estética , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/irrigação sanguínea , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
20.
Bioact Mater ; 10: 460-473, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901560

RESUMO

Diabetic ischemic wound treatment remains a critical clinical challenge. Neovascularization plays a significant role in wound healing during all stages of the tissue repair process. Strategies that enhance angiogenesis and neovascularization and improve ischemic pathology may promote the healing of poor wounds, particularly diabetic wounds in highly ischemic conditions. We previously identified a cyclic peptide LXW7 that specifically binds to integrin αvß3 on endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and endothelial cells (ECs), activates vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors, and promotes EC growth and maturation. In this study, we designed and synthesized a multi-functional pro-angiogenic molecule by grafting LXW7 and collagen-binding peptides (SILY) to a dermatan sulfate (DS) glycosaminoglycan backbone, named LXW7-DS-SILY, and further employed this multi-functional molecule to functionalize collagen-based extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds. We confirmed that LXW7-DS-SILY modification significantly promoted EPC attachment and growth on the ECM scaffolds in vitro and supported EPC survival in vivo in the ischemic environment. When applied in an established Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rat ischemic skin flap model, LXW7-DS-SILY-functionalized ECM scaffolds loaded with EPCs significantly improved wound healing, enhanced neovascularization and modulated collagen fibrillogenesis in the ischemic environment. Altogether, this study provides a promising novel treatment to accelerate diabetic ischemic wound healing, thereby reducing limb amputation and mortality of diabetic patients.

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