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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039833

RESUMO

The lncRNA tumor suppressor candidate 8 (TUSC8) plays a critical role in the development of several cancers. However, the biological functions and underlying molecular mechanisms of TUSC8 with respect to breast cancer remain largely unclear. Here, we found that TUSC8 was significantly down-regulated in breast cancer tissues and its high expression predicted better prognosis of breast cancer patients. Functionally, knock-down of TUSC8 drastically promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells in vitro and facilitated tumorigenicity and metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, the results of luciferase reporter, RIP and RNA pull-down assays proved that TUSC8 functioned as molecular sponge for miR-190b-5p. Furthermore, we showed that TUSC8 served as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) of myosin regulatory light chain interacting protein (MYLIP) through competitively binding with miR-190b-5p and suppressed breast cancer metastasis through regulating the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers. Clinically, the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analyses revealed that the combination usage of TUSC8 and MYLIP might become novel promising diagnostic biomarkers for breast cancer. Taken together, these results suggested that TUSC8 inhibited breast cancer growth and metastasis via miR-190b-5p/MYLIP axis, providing us new insights into developing potential therapeutic targets for breast cancer patients.

2.
Korean J Radiol ; 21(2): 172-180, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997592

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the added value of a shear-wave elastography (SWE) quality map (QM) in the diagnosis of breast lesions and in predicting the biological characteristics of invasive breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2016 and February 2019, this study included 368 women with 368 pathologically proven breast lesions, which appeared as poor-quality regions in the QM of SWE. To measure shear-wave velocity (SWV), seven regions of interest were placed in each lesion with and without QM guidance. Under QM guidance, poor-quality areas were avoided. Diagnostic performance was calculated for mean SWV (SWVmean), max SWV (SWVmax), and standard deviation (SD) with QM guidance (SWVmean + QM, SWVmax + QM, and SD + QM, respectively) and without QM guidance (SWVmean - QM, SWVmax - QM, and SD - QM, respectively). For invasive cancers, the relationship between SWV findings and biological characteristics was investigated with and without QM guidance. RESULTS: Of the 368 women (mean age, 47 years; SD, 10.8 years) enrolled, 159 had benign breast lesions and 209 had malignant breast lesions. SWVmean + QM (3.6 ± 1.39 m/s) and SD + QM (1.02 ± 0.84) were significantly different from SWVmean - QM (3.29 ± 1.22 m/s) and SD - QM (1.46 ± 1.06), respectively (all p < 0.001). For differential diagnosis of breast lesions, the sensitivity and areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of SWVmean + QM (sensitivity: 89%; AUC: 0.932) were better than those of SWVmean - QM (sensitivity, 84.2%; AUC, 0.912) (all p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in sensitivity and specificity between SD + QM and SD - QM (all p = 1.000). Among the biological characteristics of invasive cancers, lymphovascular involvement, axillary lymph node metastasis, negative estrogen receptor status, negative progesterone receptor status, positive human epidermal growth factor receptor status, and aggressive molecular subtypes showed higher SWVmean + QM (all p < 0.05), while only lymphovascular involvement showed higher SWVmean - QM (p = 0.036). CONCLUSION: The use of QM in SWE might improve the diagnostic performance for breast lesions and facilitate prediction of the biological characteristics of invasive breast cancers.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991519

RESUMO

Idiopathic interstitial pulmonary fibrosis is a common diffuse interstitial lung disease and has poor prognosis. And one of the pathological features of it is persistent fibroblast activation. It was reported that microRNA-30a was down-regulated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients. But whether miR-30a is involved in fibroblast activation and its specific mechanism is unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of miR-30a in fibroblast activation induced by TGF-ß1. We found miR-30a could targetedly suppress FAP-α expression. In MRC5 cells, miR-30a was not only involved in regulating the expression of FAP-α, col1a and α-SMA induced by TGF-ß1 but also had a role in cell proliferation with or without TGF-ß1 treatment via regulating FAP-α expression. Thus, the results indicated that miR-30a alleviated fibroblast activation by regulating the expression of FAP-α.

4.
Radiology ; 294(2): 299-307, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769742

RESUMO

Background Use of contrast material-enhanced (CE) US Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) version 2017 has not been validated in large populations where hepatitis B virus (HBV) is endemic. Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic performance of CE US LI-RADS version 2017 in a population with a high prevalence of HBV infection. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, liver nodules in patients with HBV who were evaluated from January 2004 to December 2016 were categorized as CE US LR-1 to LR-5 through LR-M. A subgroup of LR-M nodules was reclassified as LR-5, and additional analysis was performed. The reference standard consisted of histologic evaluation or composite imaging and clinical follow-up findings. Diagnostic performance was assessed with sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value. Results A total of 2020 nodules in 1826 patients (median age, 54 years ± 12 [standard deviation]; 1642 men) were included. Of the 1159 LR-5 lesions, 1141 were hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); three, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas; six, other malignancies; six, atypical hyperplasia; and three, benign lesions. The PPV of LR-5 for HCC was 98% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 98%, 99%). In LR-M nodules, 153 showed arterial phase hyperenhancement, early washout, and absence of punched-out appearance within 5 minutes, and 142 of 153 (93%; 95% CI: 89%, 97%) were HCC. If these nodules were reclassified as LR-5, LR-M specificity and PPV as a predictor of non-HCC malignancy increased from 88% (95% CI: 87%, 89%) and 36% (95% CI: 31%, 41%) to 96% (95% CI: 95%, 97%) and 58% (95% CI: 51%, 65%), respectively (P < .001). Despite reclassification, LR-5 specificity and PPV remained high (94% [95% CI: 92%, 96%] and 98% [95% CI: 97%, 99%], respectively). Conclusion The contrast-enhanced US Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2017 category LR-5 is effectively predictive of the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma. In patients with hepatitis B virus infection, performance may be further improved by reclassification of category LR-M nodules with arterial phase hyperenhancement, early washout, and no punched-out appearance to LR-5. Published under a CC BY 4.0 license. Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Sidhu in this issue.

5.
Thorac Cancer ; 11(1): 103-112, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distinction in the mutational profile between the common histological types, lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and squamous cell lung carcinoma (LUSC) has been well-established. However, comprehensive mutation profiles of the predominant histological subtypes within LUAD and LUSC remains elusive. METHODS: We analyzed the mutational profile of 318 Chinese NSCLC patients of adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma predominant subtypes from seven hospitals using capture-based ultra-deep sequencing of 68 lung cancer-related genes. RESULTS: Of the 318 NSCLC patients, 215 were diagnosed with LUAD and 103 with LUSC. Adenocarcinoma in situ and acinar adenocarcinoma were the most predominant subtypes of LUAD. On the other hand, keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma was the most predominant subtype of LUSC. Among the LUAD subtypes, EGFR sensitizing mutations were most prevalent in the invasive lepidic subtype. More than half of the patients with preinvasive adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive, acinar, micropapillary and papillary subtypes were also EGFR-mutants. Patients with colloidal, invasive mucinous, and fetal subtypes had the least number of EGFR mutations. Moreover, KRAS mutations were prevalent in patients with invasive mucinous, colloid, enteric and solid subtypes. A total of 90% of the LUSC patients harbor mutations in TP53, wherein all patients except five with nonkeratinizing were TP53 mutants. PIK3CA amplifications were most prevalent in keratinizing, followed by basaloid and nonkeratinizing subtypes. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that the mutational profiles among the predominant histological subtypes were very distinct, which provided a reliable tool to improve treatment decisions.

6.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 19(1): 75-88, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554654

RESUMO

Reactivation of androgen receptor (AR) appears to be the major mechanism driving the resistance of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) to second-generation antiandrogens and involves AR overexpression, AR mutation, and/or expression of AR splice variants lacking ligand-binding domain. There is a need for novel small molecules targeting AR, particularly those also targeting AR splice variants such as ARv7. A high-throughput/high-content screen was previously reported that led to the discovery of a novel lead compound, 2-(((3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)methyl)thio)-1-(4-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)piperazin-1-yl)ethan-1-one (IMTPPE), capable of inhibiting nuclear AR level and activity in CRPC cells, including those resistant to enzalutamide. A novel analogue of IMTPPE, JJ-450, has been investigated with evidence for its direct and specific inhibition of AR transcriptional activity via a pulldown assay and RNA-sequencing analysis, PSA-based luciferase, qPCR, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, and xenograft tumor model 22Rv1. JJ-450 blocks AR recruitment to androgen-responsive elements and suppresses AR target gene expression. JJ-450 also inhibits ARv7 transcriptional activity and its target gene expression. Importantly, JJ-450 suppresses the growth of CRPC tumor xenografts, including ARv7-expressing 22Rv1. Collectively, these findings suggest JJ-450 represents a new class of AR antagonists with therapeutic potential for CRPC, including those resistant to enzalutamide.

7.
J Shoulder Elbow Surg ; 29(2): 370-373, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Open reduction-internal fixation via an anterior or posterior approach is a widely used method for treating displaced glenoid fractures. This study aimed to identify the exposure range of the glenoid rim by these 2 approaches (deltopectoral and Judet approaches) and provide reference data for the choice of surgical approach. METHODS: Twelve cadaveric shoulders were dissected. Both deltopectoral and Judet approaches were performed on each shoulder to mark the glenoid fracture. In addition, the shoulder was disarticulated to record the exposure range of the glenoid rim. RESULTS: For the deltopectoral approach, the range of the exposed glenoid rim was from 5:50 to 11:30, which accounted for about 47.2% of the clock face. For the Judet approach, the range of the exposed glenoid rim was from 1:30 to 6:20, which accounted for about 40.3% of the clock face. Along the inferior glenoid, there was an area of partial overlap for the 2 approaches. The superior glenoid rim located from 11:30 to 1:30 was considered inaccessible, as it could not be exposed by the 2 approaches. CONCLUSION: Less than 50% of the glenoid rim can be exposed by the deltopectoral or Judet approach. With a single approach, it may be difficult to expose and fix some complex glenoid fractures. The superior part of the glenoid fracture is the non-access area via the deltopectoral or Judet approach.

8.
Eur Radiol ; 30(1): 461-470, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297632

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic performance of the LR-M criteria of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2017 in differentiating intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with and without risk factors for HCC. METHODS: Fifty-four ICC in patients with risks and 55 ICC in patients without risks and matched control cases of HCC with and without risks (n = 59 and n = 55, respectively) were enrolled. The enhanced features of the lesions were retrospectively analyzed according to LR-M criteria. The diagnostic performances including the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity of LR-M criteria were assessed. RESULT: Peripheral rim-like hyperenhancement, early washout (< 45 or 60s), and marked washout did not differ between ICCs with and without risks, while all of these features were more common in ICCs than in HCCs (p < 0.05) no matter if patients were with and without risk factors. Using the LR-M criteria to differentiate ICC from HCC, the AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 0.92, 97.25%, 87.72%, and 92.38%, respectively. If early washout onset was adjusted to < 45 s, the specificity was significantly increased to 95.61% (p = 0.004) without losing sensitivity (96.33%, p = 0.945). The rate of HCCs misdiagnosed as ICCs would decrease from 12.3 to 4.4%. CONCLUSION: Although the LR-M criteria showed high sensitivity in distinguishing ICCs from HCCs in patients with and without risks, the specificity would be significantly increased after adjustments to current criteria. KEY POINTS: • The LR-M criteria of CEUS-LI-RADS v2017 could be used for distinguishing ICC from HCC not only in patients with risk factors for HCC but also in those without risk factors. • The diagnostic performance of differentiating ICC from HCC by using the LR-M criteria showed high AUC (0.92), high sensitivity (97.25%), intermediate specificity (87.72%), and high accuracy (92.38%). • If the onset of early washout was adjusted to < 45 s, the specificity was significantly increased from 87.72 to 95.61% (p = 0.004) without losing sensitivity (p = 0.945), and the rate of HCCs misdiagnosed as ICCs would decrease from 12.3 to 4.4%.

9.
Ann Transl Med ; 7(20): 541, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807523

RESUMO

Background: Gliomas are the most frequently occurring malignant brain cancers. Recently, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutations, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation, and 1p/19q co-deletion have been suggested to indicate a favorable prognosis in gliomas. However, the clinical prognostic value of these genetic tests in human gliomas is not fully understood. Methods: We included glioma patients who accepted genetic testing including IDH, MGMT and 1p/19q at Xiangya Hospital, Central South University in China (Jan 2015 to Jun 2017) and further analyzed the effect of the above gene states in high-grade gliomas. Results: In 103 high-grade glioma patients, IDH mutation, MGMT promoter methylation, and 1p/19q co-deletion had better progression-free survival (PFS) than IDH wild-type (P=0.005), MGMT unmethylated promoter (P=0.002), and without 1p19q co-deletion (P=0.008), respectively. Additionally, we classified the above gliomas into 5 molecular groups, triple-positive, IDH mutation and MGMT methylation, methylation in MGMT only, mutation in IDH only, and triple-negative, according to characteristics of recruited patients. We found that triple-positive gliomas had better PFS than triple-negative cases in high-grade patients (P=0.016). Moreover, the IDH mutation and MGMT methylation groups had prolonged PFS compared to triple-negative (P=0.029). Conclusions: Our study reinforced the clinical value of biomarkers, including 1p/19q co-deletion, IDH mutation, and the most prominent MGMT methylation, as previously described in glioma prognosis. Further, triple-negative patients have poorer PFS, indicating that the states of these genes can be divided into subgroups as a potential prognostic marker for clinical treatment, which requires a larger, multicenter study to testify.

10.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663125

RESUMO

Gut microbiome has received significant attention for its influences on a variety of host functions, especially immune modulation. With the next-generation sequencing methodologies, more knowledge is gathered about gut microbiome and its irreplaceable role in keeping the balance between human health and diseases is figured out. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are one of the most innovational cancer immunotherapies across cancer types and significantly expand the therapeutic options of cancer patients. However, a proportion of patients show no effective responses or develop immune-related adverse events when responses do occur. More important, it is demonstrated that the therapeutic response or treatment-limiting toxicity of cancer immunotherapy can be ameliorated or diminished by gut microbiome modulation. In this review, we first introduce the relationship between gut microbiome and cancer immunotherapy. And then, we expound the impact of gut microbiome on efficacy and toxicity of cancer immunotherapy. Further, we review approaches to manipulating gut microbiome to regulate response to ICIs. Finally, we discuss the current challenges and propose future directions to improve cancer immunotherapy via gut microbiome manipulation.

11.
J Am Soc Cytopathol ; 8(5): 250-257, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543224

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer rates in China remain high, with only limited opportunistic screening in urban centers and large mostly unscreened rural areas. Cervical cytology practices in China have been changing over the last decade with introduction of The Bethesda System reporting terminology, liquid-based cytology (LBC), and programs for cervical cytology screening of underserved rural populations. An effort was undertaken for the first time to collect nationwide data on cervical cytology laboratory practices in China, a possible first step toward increased standardization and potential development of nationwide cytology quality benchmarks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on cervical cytology practices from 1572 laboratories operating in 26 nationwide Provisional Level Administrative Divisions was collected in an online survey approved through the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University in Shanghai. RESULTS: Over 90% of cervical cytology laboratories in China now solely use Bethesda System reporting terminology. LBC is now the most commonly utilized form of cervical cytology, with lower-cost Chinese-manufactured LBC formulations used in almost 70% of laboratories. Nationwide, significantly higher abnormal cytology rates were reported with LBC than with the conventional Papanicolaou smear (CPS); however, the CPS remains a useful low-cost alternative as China strives to extend cervical screening to large underserved rural areas. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal cytology rates were not significantly different when different levels of hospitals were compared. The survey identified nationwide opportunities for cytology quality improvement, including low rates of reporting of unsatisfactory cases and low rates for atypical glandular cells.

12.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 225, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496919

RESUMO

Background & aim: Gastric cancer (GC) is the third-leading cause of cancer-related deaths. We established a prospective database of patients with GC who underwent surgical treatment. In this study, we explored the prognostic significance of the expression of CFP1 and 14-3-3 in gastric cancer, by studying the specimens collected from clinical subjects. Materials & methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of CFP1 and 14-3-3 in 84 GC subjects, including 73 patients who have undergone radical gastrectomy and 11 patients who have not undergone radical surgery. Survival analysis was performed by km-plot data. Results: According to the survival analysis, we can see that the survival time of patients with high expression of CFP1 is lower than the patients with low expression in gastric cancer, while the effect of 14-3-3 is just the opposite. The survival time of patients with higher expression of 14-3-3 is also longer. Conclusion: The CFP1 and 14-3-3 genes can be used as prognostic markers in patients with GC, but the study is still needed to confirm.

13.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(4): 3642-3648, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485643

RESUMO

There is increasing evidence that human complement factor H­related protein 1 (CFHR1) plays a crucial role in the development of malignant diseases. However, few studies have identified the roles of CFHR1 in the occurrence and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC). In the present study, comprehensive bioinformatic analyses of data obtained from the Oncomine platform, UALCAN and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) demonstrated that CFHR1 expression is significantly reduced in both LADC tissues and cancer cells. The patients presenting with downregulation of CFHR1 had significantly lower overall survival (OS) and post progression survival (PPS) times. Through analysis of the datasets from Gene Expression Omnibus database, we found that the compound actinomycin D promoted CFHR1 expression, further displaying the cytotoxic effect in the LADC cell line A549. In addition, the expression level of CFHR1 in the cisplatin­resistant LADC cell line CDDP­R (derived from H460) was also significantly reduced. Our research demonstrated that low levels of CFHR1 are specifically found in LADC samples, and CFHR1 could serve as a potential therapeutic target for this subset of lung cancers. Determination of the detailed roles of CFHR1 in LADC biology could provide insightful information for further investigations.

14.
Curr Res Transl Med ; 67(4): 123-128, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492588

RESUMO

Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase-1 (CPS1), the first rate-limiting mitochondrial enzyme in the urea cycle, regulates proliferation and differentiation during tumor progression. However, the detailed function of CPS1 in glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is still unclear. Here, we highlight mechanisms for CPS1 upregulation and the effects of upregulated CPS1 on GBM tumorigenesis. The transcriptome data from several public databases, such as Oncomine and GEPIA, revealed that CPS1 transcriptional level was significantly upregulated in GBM tissues and cells. Moreover, CPS1 was hypomethylated in GBM tissues. The Wanderer database, linked to the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), showed the association between CPS1 expression or its methylation values and the clinicopathological parameters in GBM patients. Our work fully demonstrated that CPS1 expression was upregulated in GBM and this gene could be used as a potential diagnostic and prognosis indicator for GBM.

15.
Front Oncol ; 9: 683, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403034

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (EBV+ DLBCL) is a rare type of lymphoma with a high incidence in elderly patients, poor drug response, and unfavorable prognosis. Despite advances in genomic profiling and precision medicine in DLBCL, EBV+ DLBCL remain poorly characterized and understood. We include 236 DLBCL patients for EBV-encoded mRNA (EBER) in situ hybridization detection and analyzed 9 EBV+ and 6 EBV negative cases by next-generation sequencing (NGS). We then performed fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) to analyze chromosome rearrangements and gene expressions in 22 EBV+ and 30 EBV negative cases. The EBER results showed a 9.3% (22/236) positive rate. The NGS results revealed recurrent alterations in MYC and RHOA, components of apoptosis and NF-κB pathways. The most frequently mutated genes in EBV+ DLBCL were MYC (3/9; 33.3%), RHOA (3/9; 33.3%), PIM1 (2/9; 22.2%), MEF2B (2/9; 22.2%), MYD88 (2/9; 22.2%), and CD79B (2/9; 22.2%) compared with KMT2D (4/6; 66.7%), CREBBP (3/6; 50.0%), PIM1 (2/6; 33.3%), TNFAIP3 (2/6; 33.3%), and BCL2 (2/6; 33.3%) in EBV-negative DLBCL. MYC and KMT2D alterations stood out the most differently mutated genes between the two groups. FISH detection displayed a lower rearrangement rate in EBV+ cohort. Furthermore, KMT2D expression was highly expressed and associated with poor survival in both cohorts. MYC was only overexpressed and related to an inferior prognosis in the EBV+ DLBCL cohort. In summary, we depicted a distinct mutation profile for EBV+ and EBV-negative DLBCL and validated the differential expression of KMT2D and MYC with potential prognostic influence, thereby providing new perspectives into the pathogenesis and precision medicine of DLBCL.

16.
Cancer Imaging ; 19(1): 61, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to assess whether ultrasonic spectrum analysis of radiofrequency (RF) time series using a clinical ultrasound system allows for early differentiating between the chemotherapy responders and nonresponders in human breast cancer xenografts that imitate clinical responding and nonresponding tumors. METHODS: Clinically responding (n = 20; MCF-7) and nonresponding (n = 20; MBA-MD-231) breast cancer xenografts were established in 40 nude mice. Ten mice from each group received either chemotherapy (adriamycin, 4 mg/kg) or saline as controls. Each tumor was imaged longitudinally with a clinical ultrasound scanner at baseline (day 0) and subsequently on days 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 following treatment, and the corresponding RF time-series data were collected. Changes in six RF time-series parameters (slope, intercept, S1, S2, S3 and S4) were compared with the measurement of the tumor cell density, and their differential performances of the treatment response were analyzed. RESULTS: Adriamycin significantly inhibited tumor growth and decreased the cancer cell density in responders (P < 0.001) but not in nonresponders (P > 0.05). Fold changes of slope were significantly increased in responders two days after adriamycin treatment (P = 0.002), but not in nonresponders (P > 0.05). Early changes in slope on day 2 could differentiate the treatment response in 100% of both responders (95% CI, 62.9-100.0%) and nonresponders (95% CI, 88.4-100%). CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasonic RF time series allowed for the monitoring of the tumor response to chemotherapy and could further serve as biomarkers for early differentiating between the treatment responders and nonresponders.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus
17.
Lab Chip ; 19(17): 2915-2924, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369010

RESUMO

Using an antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) as an example, this work demonstrates a practical method to fabricate microfluidic chips entirely from polypropylene (PP) and the benefits for potential commercial use. Primarily caused by the misuse and abuse of antibiotics, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major threat to modern medicine. The AST is a promising technique to help with the optimal use of antibiotics for reducing AMR. However, current phenotypic ASTs suffer from long turnaround time, while genotypic ASTs suffer from low reliability, and both are unaffordable for routine use. New microfluidics based AST methods are rapid but still unreliable as well as costly due to the PDMS chip material. Herein, we demonstrate a convenient method to fabricate whole PP microfluidic chips with high resolution and fidelity. Unlike PDMS chips, the whole PP chips showed better reliability due to their inertness; they are solvent-compatible and can be conveniently reused and recycled, which largely decreases the cost, and are environmentally friendly. We specially designed 3D chambers that allow for quick cell loading without valving/liquid exchange; this new hydrodynamic design satisfies the shear stress requirement for on-chip bacterial culture, which, compared to reported designs for similar purposes, allows for a simpler, more rapid, and high-throughput operation. Our system allows for reliable tracking of individual cells and acquisition of AST results within 1-3 hours, which is among the group of fastest phenotypic methods. The PP chips are more reliable and affordable than PDMS chips, providing a practical solution to improve current culture-based AST and benefiting the fight against AMR through helping doctors prescribe effective, narrow-spectrum antibiotics; they will also be broadly useful for other applications wherein a reliable, solvent-resistant, anti-fouling, and affordable microfluidic chip is needed.

18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(61): 8983-8986, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290858

RESUMO

A new hybrid compound (Me3NOH)2[ZnCl4] undergoes an above-room-temperature mmmF2/m ferroelastic phase transition and exhibits a large spontaneous strain of 0.129, owing to an order-disorder transition of organic cations.

19.
Res Vet Sci ; 125: 195-204, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260839

RESUMO

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) poses a great threat to livestock husbandry, especially goat farming due to its high mortality and morbidity. Dendritic cells (DCs), as the principal stimulators of naive Th cells were widely used in antigen processing and presenting. In the previous study, we tested the effects of PPRV on murine bone marrow derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) including surface markers and cytokines. While the aim of this study is to detect the proteomic profile of BMDCs stimulated with PPRV towards key proteins involved in. Following PPRV stimulation, 110 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified through iTRAQ labelling with LC-MS/MS approach, of which 94 DEPs were up-regulated and 16 DEPs were down-regulated, respectively. Among them 15 out of 110 DGPs were related to innate immune system, three were involved in cell apoptosis, RPS15a and Smox were related to translation of viral mRNA. Additionally, western blot analysis showed identical results to iTRAQ analysis. There will be profound significance for understanding antigen-presenting of BMDCs after stimulation with PPRV.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/fisiologia , Células Dendríticas/fisiologia , Vírus da Peste dos Pequenos Ruminantes , Proteômica , Animais , Western Blotting , Cromatografia Líquida , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , RNA Mensageiro , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
20.
ChemistryOpen ; 8(6): 692-700, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172006

RESUMO

A new family of asymmetric oxadiazole based energetic compounds were designed. Their electronic structures, heats of formation, detonation properties and stabilities were investigated by density functional theory. The results show that all the designed compounds have high positive heats of formation ranging from 115.4 to 2122.2 kJ mol-1. -N- bridge/-N3 groups played an important role in improving heats of formation while -O- bridge/-NF2 group made more contributions to the densities of the designed compounds. Detonation properties show that some compounds have equal or higher detonation velocities than RDX, while some other have higher detonation pressures than RDX. All the designed compounds have better impact sensitivities than those of RDX and HMX and meet the criterion of thermal stability. Finally, some of the compounds were screened as the candidates of high energy density compounds with superior detonation properties and stabilities to that of HMX and their electronic properties were investigated.

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