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1.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 699, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circ-ATAD1 plays an oncogenic role in gastric cancer. However, its roles in other cancers are unclear. We aimed to analyze the role of circ-ATAD1 in osteosarcoma (OS). METHODS: The expression levels of circ-ATAD1, mature miR-154-5p, and premature miR-154-5p in paired OS and non-tumor tissues from 56 OS patients were determined using RT-qPCR. Nuclear fractionation assay was performed to analyze the subcellular location of circ-ATAD1. The interaction between circ-ATAD1 and premature miR-154-5p was analyzed using RNA pull-down assay. The role of circ-ATAD1 in regulating miR-154-5p maturation was analyzed using RT-qPCR in cells with overexpression. Transwell assays were performed to analyze the roles of circ-ATAD1 and miR-154-5p in regulating OS cell invasion and migration. RESULTS: Circ-ATAD1 was overexpressed in OS compared to non-tumor tissues and was detected in the nuclei of OS cells. Mature miR-154-5p, but not premature miR-154-5p, was downregulated in OS tissues compared to non-tumor tissues and was inversely correlated with circ-ATAD1. In OS cells, circ-ATAD1 overexpression decreased the expression of mature miR-154-5p, but not premature miR-154-5p. Transwell assay analysis showed that circ-ATAD1 overexpression increased cell invasion and migration, and mature miR-154-5p overexpression suppressed these cell behaviors. In addition, circ-ATAD1 overexpression reduced the effects of mature miR-154-5p overexpression on cell behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Circ-ATAD1 is overexpressed in OS and suppresses miR-154-5p maturation to increase cell invasion and migration.

2.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(9): 10178-10192, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Osteosarcoma is a malignant bone tumor consisting of mesenchymal cells. This study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effects of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (hBMSC)-derived miR-1913 on osteosarcoma. METHODS: Cell viability was determined using CCK8 and colony formation assays. The cell migration and invasion abilities were assessed using wound healing and transwell assays. RT-qPCR and western blot were used to measure the miR-1913, Neurensin-2 (NRSN2), N-cadherin, and E-cadherin expression levels. Dual luciferase reporter assays were conducted to identify the target relationship between miR-1913 and NRSN2. The exosomes were extracted and identified using TEM and NTA assays. RESULTS: In the osteosarcoma tumor tissues and cell lines, the NRSN2 expressions were up-regulated, which correlated with a poor osteosarcoma prognosis. MiR-1913 inhibited the cell viability, proliferation, migration, and invasion by negatively targeting NRSN2. Furthermore, the hBMSC-derived exosomes delivered miR-1913 to inhibit the NRSN2 expression in the osteosarcoma cells. CONCLUSION: The inhibitory role of hBMSC-derived miR-1913 on osteosarcoma progression was achieved by targeting NRSN2, indicating the potential therapeutic value of hBMSC-derived miR-1913.

3.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(8): 9122-9128, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on short-term prognosis in elderly patients with hip fracture. METHODS: Altogether, 124 elderly patients with hip fractures who underwent surgery in our hospital were retrospectively studied, and they were divided into survival group (n=98) and death group (n=26) according to their 1-year survival. General data of both groups were collected and compared, and indicators with statistical differences in univariate analysis were further examined by logistic regression analysis. Venous blood samples were drawn from all patients 1 day after the surgery to detect and compare NLR, serum procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels between both groups. ROC curve was used to analyze the clinical value of NLR in predicting the prognosis of patients. NLR cutoff value obtained by the ROC curve analysis was adopted to divide the patients into high and low ratio groups, and Kaplan-Meier (K-M) curves were used to assess the survival rate of patients in both groups. RESULTS: There were significant differences in age, gender, marital status, medical history and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grades between both groups. Logistic regression analysis showed that advanced age (≥85 years), male gender, and higher ASA grades (III-IV) were risk factors for short-term poor prognosis in elderly patients with hip fracture. Compared with survival group, NLR, PCT and CRP levels were higher in death group. ROC curve showed that the AUC of NLR predicting patients' prognosis was 0.804 at a cutoff value of 6.939%. K-M curves showed that the overall survival was lower in high-ratio group than in low-ratio group. CONCLUSION: Advanced age (overall survival was lower in high-ratio group than in low-ratio group), male gender, and higher ASA grades (III-IV) were risk factors for short-term poor prognosis in elderly patients with hip rifracture. NLR has some clinical value in predicting and evaluating the prognosis of patients.

4.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 37(12): 3143-3150, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094428

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) results of 36,913 cases in Jiangxi province of central China and explore its application value in prenatal screening and diagnosis. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 36,913 singleton pregnant women who underwent NIPT because of moderate-/high-risk pregnancy or voluntary requirements between January 2017 and December 2019 in our hospital. Chromosomal abnormalities such as trisomies 21, 18, and 13 (T21, T18, T13) and sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCAs) were judged by standard Z-score analysis. Positive NIPT results were confirmed by amniocentesis and karyotyping. Pregnancy outcomes were followed up via telephone interview. RESULTS: A total of 1.01% (371/36,913) positive cases were detected by NIPT, comprising 137, 46, 31, and 157 cases of T21, T18, T13, and SCAs, respectively. A total of 116 of T21, 27 of T18, 13 of T13, and 51 of SCAs were confirmed to be true positive; all normal cases that had been followed up were verified to be true negative. The NIPT sensitivity in T21, T18, T13, and SCAs was 100.00% individually, whereas the specificity was 99.94% (36,488/36,509), 99.95% (36,579/36,598), 99.95% (36,594/36,612), and 99.72% (36,472/36,574), respectively. Furthermore, the negative predictive values of T21, T18, T13, and SCAs were all 100%, while the positive predictive values were 84.67%, 58.70%, 41.94%, and 33.33%, respectively. CONCLUSION: NIPT is highly sensitive and has a low false positive rate in testing clinically significant fetal aneuploidies of general reproductive women. However, this technique cannot substitute for amniocentesis and karyotyping, and detailed genetic counseling is also essential for the high-risk group of NIPT.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cromossômicos/diagnóstico , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Teste Pré-Natal não Invasivo/métodos , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Transtornos Cromossômicos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Cromossômicos/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Fitoterapia ; 146: 104674, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561423

RESUMO

Three new sesquiterpenoids (1-3) and four new benzofuran dimers (+)-4 and (-)-4, (+)-5 and (-)-5, and four known benzofuran dimers (+)-6 and (-)-6, (+)-7 and (-)-7 were isolated from the underground parts of Eupatorium chinense. The enantiomers of racemates (±)-4 ~ (±)-7 were separated by chiral HPLC columns, and their absolute configurations were determined by circular dichroism experiments. The structures of all new compounds were elucidated on the basis of their NMR, and MS data as well as by comparison with literature values. The all of the isolated compounds were tested in vitro for their cytotoxic activities against the Caski, MDA-MB-231 and HepG2 cancer cell lines.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Eupatorium/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Benzofuranos/isolamento & purificação , China , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
6.
Hepatology ; 72(2): 389-398, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new infectious disease. To reveal the hepatic injury related to this disease and its clinical significance, we conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort study that included 5,771 adult patients with COVID-19 pneumonia in Hubei Province. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We reported the distributional and temporal patterns of liver injury indicators in these patients and determined their associated factors and death risk. Longitudinal liver function tests were retrospectively analyzed and correlated with the risk factors and death. Liver injury dynamic patterns differed in alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and total bilirubin (TBIL). AST elevated first, followed by ALT, in severe patients. ALP modestly increased during hospitalization and largely remained in the normal range. The fluctuation in TBIL levels was mild in the non-severe and the severe groups. AST abnormality was associated with the highest mortality risk compared with the other indicators of liver injury during hospitalization. Common factors associated with elevated liver injury indicators were lymphocyte count decrease, neutrophil count increase, and male gender. CONCLUSION: The dynamic patterns of liver injury indicators and their potential risk factors may provide an important explanation for the COVID-19-associated liver injury. Because elevated liver injury indicators, particularly AST, are strongly associated with the mortality risk, our study indicates that these parameters should be monitored during hospitalization.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Biomarcadores , COVID-19 , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 392-396, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219820

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of combined chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for prenatal diagnosis. METHODS: G-banding karyotyping and CMA were simultaneously performed on 546 women who were subjected to amniocentesis during middle pregnancy. RESULTS: In total 82 cases were detected with chromosomal abnormalities. The two methods were consistent in 43 cases, which included 14 trisomy 21, 6 trisomy 18, 1 trisomy 13, 14 sex chromosomal aneuploidies, 4 chromosomal deletions, 3 chromosomal duplications and 1 sex chromosomal mosaicism. Fifteen fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities detected by CMA were missed by karyotyping analysis, which included 9 microdeletions and 6 microduplications. Sixteen fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities detected by karyotyping analysis were missed by CMA, which included 15 chromosomal translocations and 1 sex chromosomal mosaicism. In 7 cases, the results of karyotyping analysis and CMA were inconsistent. One supernumerary marker chromosome detected by karyotyping analysis was verified by CMA as 9p13.1p21.1 duplication. CONCLUSION: Combined chromosomal karyotyping and CMA can significantly improve the detection rate for chromosomal abnormalities, which has a great value for prenatal diagnosis.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cromossômicos , Cariotipagem , Análise em Microsséries , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Transtornos Cromossômicos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cromossômicos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
8.
Oncol Lett ; 15(5): 6881-6886, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29725420

RESUMO

TACC3, a member of the transforming acidic coiled-coil protein (TACC) family, is a multifunctional protein that is involved in various biological functions, including proliferation and differentiation of tumor cells, cancer progression and metastasis. The aims of the present study were to examine whether TACC3 expression is associated with the proliferation and migration of osteosarcoma (OS) cells and to investigate the potential underlying molecular mechanisms of TACC3 in OS. First, the levels of mRNA and protein expression in OS cell lines by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively were examined. Second, the effects of TACC3 knockdown and overexpression on the proliferative, migratory and invasive capacities of OS cells were investigated. Finally, western blot analysis was employed to detect the potential mechanism of TACC3 in osteosarcoma. TACC3 expression was significantly increased in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines, compared to matched controls. The knockdown of TACC3 was able to significantly inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells, whereas the overexpression of TACC3 was able to promote cell proliferation and migration. Mechanistically, TACC3 may promote the migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells via through nuclear factor-κB signaling. These data suggest that TACC3 has an important part in the progression of osteosarcoma and may serve as a potential target for gene therapy.

9.
Neural Regen Res ; 8(16): 1455-64, 2013 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25206441

RESUMO

Ideal tissue-engineered scaffold materials regulate proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation of cells seeded on them by regulating gene expression. In this study, aligned and randomly oriented collagen nanofiber scaffolds were prepared using electronic spinning technology. Their diameters and appearance reached the standards of tissue-engineered nanometer scaffolds. The nanofiber scaffolds were characterized by a high swelling ratio, high porosity and good mechanical properties. The proliferation of spinal cord-derived neural stem cells on novel nanofiber scaffolds was obviously enhanced. The proportions of cells in the S and G2/M phases noticeably increased. Moreover, the proliferation rate of neural stem cells on the aligned collagen nanofiber scaffolds was high. The expression levels of cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 2 were increased. Bcl-2 expression was significantly increased, but Bax and caspase-3 gene expressions were obviously decreased. There was no significant difference in the differentiation of neural stem cells into neurons on aligned and randomly oriented collagen nanofiber scaffolds. These results indicate that novel nanofiber scaffolds could promote the proliferation of spinal cord-derived neural stem cells and inhibit apoptosis without inducing differentiation. Nanofiber scaffolds regulate apoptosis and proliferation in neural stem cells by altering gene expression.

10.
Biomaterials ; 32(28): 6737-44, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21696820

RESUMO

In regenerative medicine, accumulating evidence demonstrates that the property of substrates monitors neural stem cells behavior. However, how stem cells sense and interpret biochemical and topographical cues remains elusive. This study aimed to explore the mechanism how nanofibrous scaffold modulated stem cells behavior. Spinal cord derived neural progenitor cells (NPCs) were cultured on electrospun aligned and randomly oriented collagen nanofibrous scaffolds. A 30% increase in proliferation and an elevation of BrdU incorporation were observed in NPCs on collagen nanofibers, compared to that on collagen-coated surface. In particular, NPCs expanded faster on aligned nanofibers in comparison with that on randomly oriented nanofibers. Moreover, an alteration in cell cycle progression with a reduced percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase and increased cell proliferation index (S phase plus G2/M phase) was also detected in NPCs cultured on collagen nanofibers. Incubating NPCs with anti-ß1 integrin antibody or U1026 (an inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase, MEK) eliminated the altered cell cycle dynamics and BrdU incorporation induced by collagen nanofibers. In addition, cyclin D1 and cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), downstream genes of ß1 integrin/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway that control G1/S phase transition, were correspondingly regulated by nanofibers. Collectively, these data suggested that the property of substrate modulated NPCs proliferation by promoting cell cycle through ß1 integrin/MAPK pathway. Our findings provide a better understanding of the interaction between NPCs and the substrate and therefore will pave way for regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Colágeno/metabolismo , Colágeno/ultraestrutura , Integrina beta1/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Nanofibras/ultraestrutura , Células-Tronco Neurais/fisiologia , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Nanofibras/química , Regeneração Nervosa , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medula Espinal/citologia
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