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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 814-820, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the survival rate and the incidence of complications of very preterm infants and the factors influencing the survival rate and the incidence of complications. METHODS: The medical data of the very preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology in 11 hospitals of Jiangsu Province in China from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Their survival rate and the incidence of serious complications were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for death and serious complications in very preterm infants. RESULTS: A total of 2 339 very preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 2 010 (85.93%) survived and 1 507 (64.43%) survived without serious complications. The groups with a gestational age of 22-25+6 weeks, 26-26+6 weeks, 27-27+6 weeks, 28-28+6 weeks, 29-29+6 weeks, 30-30+6 weeks, and 31-31+6 weeks had a survival rate of 32.5%, 60.6%, 68.0%, 82.9%, 90.1%, 92.3%, and 94.8% respectively. The survival rate tended to increase with the gestational age (P<0.05) and the survival rate without serious complications in each gestational age group was 7.5%, 18.1%, 34.5%, 52.2%, 66.7%, 75.7%, and 81.8% respectively, suggesting that the survival rate without serious complications increased with the gestational age (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids were protective factors against death in very preterm infants (P<0.05), and 1-minute Apgar score ≤3 was a risk factor for death in very preterm infants (P<0.05); high gestational age and high birth weight were protective factors against serious complications in very preterm infants who survived (P<0.05), while 5-minute Apgar score ≤3 and maternal chorioamnionitis were risk factors for serious complications in very preterm infants who survived (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The survival rate is closely associated with gestational age in very preterm infants. A low 1-minute Apgar score (≤3) may increase the risk of death in very preterm infants, while high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids are associated with the reduced risk of death. A low 5-minute Apgar score (≤3) and maternal chorioamnionitis may increase the risk of serious complications in these infants, while high gestational age and high birth weight may reduce the risk of serious complications.


Assuntos
Doenças do Prematuro , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
2.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(7): 690-695, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and the management on the treatment and follow-up of this disease in Jiangsu Province, China. METHODS: The neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia who were admitted to 13 hospitals in Jiangsu Province from January to December, 2018, were enrolled as subjects. A retrospective analysis was performed on their mediacal data and follow-up data. RESULTS: In 2018, 740 neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia were reported from the 13 hospitals in Jiangsu Province, accounting for 2.70% (740/27 386) of the total number of neonates admitted to the department of neonatology. Among these neonates, 620 (83.8%) had severe hyperbilirubinemia, 106 (14.3%) had extremely severe hyperbilirubinemia, and 14 (1.9%) had hazardous hyperbilirubinemia. Four neonates (0.5%) were diagnosed with acute bilirubin encephalopathy. A total of 484 neonates (65.4%) were readmitted due to severe hyperbilirubinemia after discharge from the delivery institution, with a median age of 7 days, among whom 214 (44.2%) were followed up for jaundice at the outpatient service before readmission, with a median age of 6 days at the first time of outpatient examination. During hospitalization, 211 neonates (28.5%) underwent cranial MRI examinations, among whom 85 (40.3%) had high T1WI signal in the bilateral basal ganglia and the globus pallidus; 238 neonates (32.2%) underwent brainstem auditory evoked potential examinations, among whom 14 (5.9%) passed only at one side and 7 (2.9%) failed at both sides. The 17 neonates with acute bilirubin encephalopathy or hazardous hyperbilirubinemia were followed up. Except one neonate was lost to follow-up, and there were no abnormal neurological symptoms in the other neonates. CONCLUSIONS: Neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia account for a relatively high proportion of the total number of neonates in the department of neonatology. Jaundice monitoring and management after discharge from delivery institutions need to be strengthened. For neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia, relevant examinations should be carried out more comprehensively during hospitalization and these neonates should be followed up comprehensively and systematically after discharge.


Assuntos
Hiperbilirrubinemia Neonatal , Bilirrubina , China , Potenciais Evocados Auditivos do Tronco Encefálico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Nat Prod Commun ; 10(2): 269-72, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25920258

RESUMO

The B3LYP/aug-cc-pvDZ level of theory has been applied to the study of the molecular structures, electronic structures and the azido-tetrazole isomerization of 1-azido-s-triazine, 1,3-diazido-s-triazine and 1,3,5-triazido-s-triazine. NBO analysis was applied to investigate the atomic natural charge and stabilization interaction energies among molecules. The results showed that the reaction initially proceeds through the loss of the linearity of the azido group and the approaching of the terminal nitrogen atom of the azide group to the nitrogen atom of the ring. This is followed by an attack of the lone pairs on N atoms in the ring to the azido group, leading to the formation of the N-N bonds. Many factors, including bending of the bond angle, electrostatic attraction, orbital delocalization and the stabilization interaction give rise to a large free energy barrier for the cyclization process. The results also show that the second and third cyclization is relatively easier than the first one.


Assuntos
Tetrazóis/química , Triazinas/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular
4.
FEBS Lett ; 589(1): 68-76, 2015 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25433291

RESUMO

Although microRNA-1 (miR-1) is a known liver cancer suppressor, the role of miR-1 in apoptosis of hepatoma cells has remained largely unknown. Our study shows that ectopic miR-1 overexpression induced apoptosis of liver hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells. Apoptosis inhibitor 5 (API-5) was found to be a potential regulator of miR-1 induced apoptosis, using a bioinformatics approach. Furthermore, an inverse relationship between miR-1 and API-5 expression was observed in human liver cancer tissues and adjacent normal liver tissues. Negative regulation of API-5 expression by miR-1 was demonstrated to promote apoptosis of HepG2 cells. Our study provides a novel regulatory mechanism of miR-1 in the apoptosis of hepatoma cells.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/biossíntese , Apoptose , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas Nucleares/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética
5.
Mol Plant ; 4(4): 688-96, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21357645

RESUMO

Old leaves of wild-type rice plants (Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare) are more resistant to blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea) than new leaves. In contrast, both old and new leaves of the rice phytochrome triple mutant (phyAphyBphyC) are susceptible to blast fungus. We demonstrate that pathogenesis-related class 1 (PR1) proteins are rapidly and strongly induced during M. grisea infection and following exogenous jasmonate (JA) or salicylic acid (SA) exposure in the old leaves, but not in the new leaves of the wild-type. In contrast, the accumulation of PR1 proteins was significantly attenuated in old and new leaves of the phyAphyBphyC mutant. These results suggest that phytochromes are required for the induction of PR1 proteins in rice. Basal transcription levels of PR1a and PR1b were substantially higher in the wild-type as compared to the phyAphyBphyC mutant, suggesting that phytochromes also are required for basal expression of PR1 genes. Moreover, the transcript levels of genes known to function in SA- or JA-dependent defense pathways were regulated by leaf age and functional phytochromes. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that phytochromes are required in rice for age-related resistance to M. grisea and may indirectly increase PR1 gene expression by regulating SA- and JA-dependent defense pathways.


Assuntos
Ciclopentanos/imunologia , Magnaporthe/fisiologia , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oryza/imunologia , Oxilipinas/imunologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/imunologia , Ácido Salicílico/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Oryza/genética , Oryza/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/imunologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/imunologia
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