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1.
Physiol Rep ; 9(11): e14881, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057312

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: (Pro)renin receptor has emerged as a new member of the renin-angiotensin system implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Herein we report characterization of the therapeutic potential of (pro)renin receptor (PRR) antagonist PRO20 in 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6Nx) rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats underwent 5/6Nx followed by treatment with vehicle or received daily injections of a PRR inhibitor PRO20 (700 µg/kg) via the 3 s.c. Sham group served as a control. RESULTS: As compared with the sham control, the 5/6Nx rats exhibited significant increases in proteinuria, glomerulosclerosis, tubular injury, and interstitial inflammation in the remnant kidneys. Treatment with PRO20 significantly attenuated these abnormalities, as evidenced by reduced expression of fibronectin, α-SMA, collagen 1, TGF-ß1, IL-6, IL-8, IL-1ß, MCP-1 and increased expression of E-cadherin. Increased urinary/renal levels of renin activity, angiotensinogen (AGT), and Angiotensin II (Ang II) by 5/6Nx, which were all ameliorated by PRO20. Renal PRR, the secreted proteolytic fragment of PRR (sPRR) in renal and urinary, were all elevated in 5/6Nx rats. Moreover, our results revealed that renal Wnt3A and ß-catenin expression were upregulated during 5/6Nx, which were all attenuated by PRO20. CONCLUSIONS: Overall we conclude that in vivo antagonism of PRR with PRO20 will improve 5/6Nx-induced CKD mainly through inhibition of intrarenal RAS and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

2.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34041573

RESUMO

Pepsinogen I (PGI) can reflect the morphology and function of the gastric mucosa. Accordingly, the large-scale community health screening of PGI can dramatically increase the early diagnosis rate of gastric cancer. However, PGI testing can only be carried out in comprehensive hospitals and health examination centers. To ameliorate this issue, a point-of-care chemiluminescent immunoassay for PGI was developed in a fully automated miniaturized instrument. This instrument was especially developed for health check-ups in the grassroots communities; its volume of which is only 0.18 m3. Critically, the entire detection process for a single sample only requires 20 min, and the samples can be loaded continuously, making the method suitable for high-throughput analysis. The assay displayed an excellent detection limit of 0.048 ng/mL with a broad detection range of 0-200 ng/mL. Furthermore, this assay exhibited high sensitivity and specificity, had low intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation (<10%), and was not affected after storage at 37 °C for 7 days. The assay was used to detect PGI in 95 clinical serum samples, and the results were highly correlated with those that were clinically tested (correlation coefficient, R2 = 0.998). Hence, the method established in this work has great application value and can be broadly applied for the large-scale screening of gastric cancer in resource-limited areas.

3.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 260, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the population of postmenopausal patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), the superiority of serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) over selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) has not yet been definitively proven. Consequently, a direct comparison of the efficacy of SSRIs and SNRIs in the treatment of postmenopausal depression could provide relevant data. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of venlafaxine vs. fluoxetine in the treatment of postmenopausal MDD. METHODS: This was an 8-week, multicenter, randomized, single-blind, active-controlled trial conducted at a psychiatric hospital (Beijing Anding Hospital) and a general hospital (Beijing Chaoyang Hospital) between April 2013 and September 2017. The primary outcome measure was improving depressive symptoms (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-24) score). The secondary outcomes included the change of HAMD-24 anxiety/somatization factor score and Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement (CGI-I) response rate. Safety was assessed by treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and laboratory tests. Efficacy was analyzed by using the full analysis set (FAS) following the modified intention-to-treat (mITT) principle. The primary endpoint measurements were analyzed using a mixed-effect model for repeated measures (MMRM) model with patients as a random-effect factor, treatment group as the independent variable, time as a repeated measure, and baseline covariates, using a first-order ante dependence covariance matrix. RESULTS: A total of 184 women were randomized. The full analysis set (FAS) included 172 patients (venlafaxine, n = 82; fluoxetine, n = 90). Over the 8-week study period, the reduction in HAMD-24 scores was significant (P < 0.001) in both groups, while a significantly greater decline from baseline was observed in the venlafaxine group compared with the fluoxetine group (least-squares mean difference [95% CI]: - 2.22 [- 7.08, - 0.41]), P = 0.001). The baseline-to-week-8 least-squares mean change of the anxiety/somatization factor scores, CGI-I response rate were greater in the venlafaxine group than in the fluoxetine group (all P < 0.05). The most frequent TEAEs (≥5%) in both groups were nausea, somnolence, dizziness, headache, and dry mouth. There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Venlafaxine was well tolerated and compared to fluoxetine, it led to a greater improvement in the treatment of postmenopausal MDD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials. gov #NCT01824433 . The trial was registered on April 4, 2013.

4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 219: 113433, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878564

RESUMO

Due to the threat of escalating multi-drug resistant gram-negative bacteria to human health and life, novel antimicrobial agents against gram-negative pathogens are urgently needed. As antimicrobial peptides are not prone to induce bacteria resistance, they are believed to be one kind of promising class of potential antimicrobial agent candidates to combat multi-drug resistant bacteria for long-term use. Jelleine-1, first isolated from the royal jelly of honeybees, is a typical amphiphilic antimicrobial peptide and shows broad antimicrobial spectrum and negligible toxicity. To promote its antimicrobial activity and extend its potential of clinical use against multi-drug resistant gram-negative bacteria, novel analogs of jelleine-1 were designed, synthesized and their antimicrobial functions and toxicity were examined in this study. Our results showed that fine tuning of the cationic charge, polarity, and basicity of the sequence through amino acids substitution at position 3, 5, 7 and maintaining position 1, 4, 6, 8 unchanged could improve the bioactivity of jelleine-1 significantly. Meanwhile, we also found that the substitution of phenylalanine by tryptophan also could improve the antimicrobial activity of jelleine-1. Among all the analogs, analog 15, which is enriched in arginine and leucine, showed the most potent antimicrobial activity against both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, especially to multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vivo and in vitro. In addition, analog 15 also showed potent inhibition of the formation of multi-drug resistant P. aeruginosa biofilm and negligible toxicity, which was certified by MTT, hemolysis, blood assay, and biochemical analysis.

5.
Peptides ; 141: 170543, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794284

RESUMO

Endomorphin analogs containing unnatural amino acids have demonstrated potent analgesic effects in our previous studies. In the present study, the differences in antinociception and the mechanisms thereof for analogs 1-3 administered intracerebroventricularly and intrathecally were explored. All analogs at different routes of administration produced potent analgesia compared to the parent peptide endomorphin-1. Multiple antagonists and antibodies were used to explore the mechanisms of action of these analogs, and it was inferred that analogs 1-3 stimulated the µ opioid receptor to induce antinociception. Moreover, the antibody data suggested that analog 2 may induce the release of immunoreactive [Leu5]-enkephaline and [Met5]-enkephaline to produce a secondary component of antinociception at the spinal level and analog 3 may stimulate the the release of immunoreactive [Met5]-enkephaline at the spinal level. Finally, analogs 2 and 3 produced no acute tolerance in the spinal cord. We hypothesize that the unique characteristics of the endomorphin analogs result from their capacities to stimulate the release of endogenous antinociceptive substances.

6.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 45(2): 136-140, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825370

RESUMO

Oxygen saturation and respiratory signals are important physiological signals of human body, respiratory monitoring plays an important role in clinical and daily life. A system was established to extract respiratory signals from photoplethysmography in this study. Including the collection of pulse wave signal, the extraction of respiratory signal, and the calculation of respiratory rate and pulse rate transmitted from the slave computer to the host computer in real time.


Assuntos
Fotopletismografia , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica , Taxa Respiratória
7.
Molecules ; 26(6)2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804111

RESUMO

In this work, a simple enzyme-free flow cytometric assay (termed as TSDR-based flow cytometric assay) has been developed for the detection of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC)-related microRNA (miRNA), hsa-miR-146b-5p with high performance through the toehold-mediated strand displacement reaction (TSDR) on magnetic beads (MBs). The complementary single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) probe of hsa-miR-146b-5p was first immobilized on the surface of MB, which can partly hybridize with the carboxy-fluorescein (FAM)-modified ssDNA, resulting in strong fluorescence emission. In the presence of hsa-miR-146b-5p, the TSDR is trigged, and the FAM-modified ssDNA is released form the MB surface due to the formation of DNA/RNA heteroduplexes on the MB surface. The fluorescence emission change of MBs can be easily read by flow cytometry and is strongly dependent on the concentration of hsa-miR-146b-5p. Under optimal conditions, the TSDR-based flow cytometric assay exhibits good specificity, a wide linear range from 5 to 5000 pM and a relatively low detection limit (LOD, 3σ) of 4.21 pM. Moreover, the practicability of the assay was demonstrated by the analysis of hsa-miR-146b-5p amounts in different PTC cells and clinical PTC tissues.


Assuntos
Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , MicroRNAs/genética , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Fenômenos Magnéticos
9.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(7): 3997-4007, 2021 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744947

RESUMO

Sulfuration of uridine 34 in the anticodon of tRNAs is conserved in the three domains of life, guaranteeing fidelity of protein translation. In eubacteria, it is catalyzed by MnmA-type enzymes, which were previously concluded not to depend on an iron-sulfur [Fe-S] cluster. However, we report here spectroscopic and iron/sulfur analysis, as well as in vitro catalytic assays and site-directed mutagenesis studies unambiguously showing that MnmA from Escherichia coli can bind a [4Fe-4S] cluster, which is essential for sulfuration of U34-tRNA. We propose that the cluster serves to bind and activate hydrosulfide for nucleophilic attack on the adenylated nucleoside. Intriguingly, we found that E. coli cells retain s2U34 biosynthesis in the ΔiscUA ΔsufABCDSE strain, lacking functional ISC and SUF [Fe-S] cluster assembly machineries, thus suggesting an original and yet undescribed way of maturation of MnmA. Moreover, we report genetic analysis showing the importance of MnmA for sustaining oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Escherichia coli , Ferro/metabolismo , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , Enxofre/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA
10.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e932341, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762565

RESUMO

An editorial decision has been made to retract this manuscript due to breach of publishing guidelines, following the identification of non-original and manipulated figures. Reference: Guoqing Luo, Jingjing Zhou, Guanjie Li, Ningdong Hu, Xu Xia, Haibo Zhou: Ferruginol Diterpenoid Selectively Inhibits Human Thyroid Cancer Growth by Inducing Mitochondrial Dependent Apoptosis, Endogenous Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) Production, Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Loss and Suppression of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) and PI3K/AKT Signaling Pathways.  Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:2935-2942. 10.12659/MSM.914348.

11.
Sci Adv ; 7(2)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523998

RESUMO

It has been an outstanding challenge to achieve implantable energy modules that are mechanically soft (compatible with soft organs and tissues), have compact form factors, and are biodegradable (present for a desired time frame to power biodegradable, implantable medical electronics). Here, we present a fully biodegradable and bioabsorbable high-performance supercapacitor implant, which is lightweight and has a thin structure, mechanical flexibility, tunable degradation duration, and biocompatibility. The supercapacitor with a high areal capacitance (112.5 mF cm-2 at 1 mA cm-2) and energy density (15.64 µWh cm-2) uses two-dimensional, amorphous molybdenum oxide (MoO x ) flakes as electrodes, which are grown in situ on water-soluble Mo foil using a green electrochemical strategy. Biodegradation behaviors and biocompatibility of the associated materials and the supercapacitor implant are systematically studied. Demonstrations of a supercapacitor implant that powers several electronic devices and that is completely degraded after implantation and absorbed in rat body shed light on its potential uses.

12.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 45(1): 1-5, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522167

RESUMO

The ECG signal is susceptible to interference from the external environment during the acquisition process, affecting the analysis and processing of the ECG signal. After the traditional soft-hard threshold function is processed, there is a defect that the signal quality is not high and the continuity at the threshold is poor. An improved threshold function wavelet denoising is proposed, which has better regulation and continuity, and effectively solves the shortcomings of traditional soft and hard threshold functions. The Matlab simulation is carried out through a large amount of data, and various processing methods are compared. The results show that the improved threshold function can improve the denoising effect and is superior to the traditional soft and hard threshold denoising.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Algoritmos , Simulação por Computador , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Análise de Ondaletas
13.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512443

RESUMO

AIMS: Elevated sympathetic outflow is associated with primary hypertension. However, the mechanisms involved in heightened sympathetic outflow in hypertension are unclear. The central amygdala (CeA) regulates autonomic components of emotions through projections to the brainstem. The neuronal Kv7 channel is a non-inactivating voltage-dependent K+ channel encoded by KCNQ2/3 genes involved in stabilizing the neuronal membrane potential and regulating neuronal excitability. In this study, we investigated if altered Kv7 channel activity in the CeA contributes to heightened sympathetic outflow in hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: The mRNA and protein expression levels of Kv7.2/Kv7.3 in the CeA were significantly reduced in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) compared with Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Lowering blood pressure with celiac ganglionectomy in SHRs did not alter Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 channel expression levels in the CeA. Fluospheres were injected into the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) to retrogradely label CeA neurons projecting to the RVLM (CeA-RVLM neurons). Kv7 channel currents recorded from CeA-RVLM neurons in brain slices were much smaller in SHRs than in WKY rats. Furthermore, the basal firing activity of CeA-RVLM neurons was significantly greater in SHRs than in WKY rats. Bath application of specific Kv7 channel blocker 10, 10-bis (4-pyridinylmethyl)-9(10H)-anthracnose (XE-991) increased the excitability of CeA-RVLM neurons in WKY rats, but not in SHRs. Microinjection of XE-991 into the CeA increased arterial blood pressure (ABP) and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), while microinjection of Kv7 channel opener QO-58 decreased ABP and RSNA, in anesthetized WKY rats but not SHRs. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that diminished Kv7 channel activity in the CeA contributes to elevated sympathetic outflow in primary hypertension. This novel information provides new mechanistic insight into the pathogenesis of neurogenic hypertension. TRANSLATIONAL PERSPECTIVE: This study reveals a novel mechanistic insight into the pathogenesis of primary hypertension and provides a rationale to develop therapeutic strategies targeting Kv7 channels in the amygdala for treating hypertension. Viral vector-mediated overexpression of Kv7 channels in the amygdala is a potential approach to decrease blood pressure and inhibit sympathetic outflow in hypertension. However, this approach is not feasible to apply to hypertension patients at the current stage. Further studies to determine the molecular mechanism underlying downregulation of Kv7 channels may identify agents that increase expression levels of Kv7 channels in hypertension.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507567

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a common complication of congenital heart disease (CHD). Deubiquitinase cylindromatosis (CYLD) has been reported to significantly aggravate vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) phenotypic transformation, proliferation, and migration. Here, we aimed to further investigate its roles and underlying mechanisms in the CHD-PAH development. The expression of CYLD in the lung tissues from CHD-PAH patients and monocrotaline (MCT) plus aortocaval (AV)-induced PAH rats, pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) from MCT-AV-induced PAH rats, and human PASMCs (HPASMCs) was evaluated. After infection with CYLD siRNA or pcNDA3.1-CYLD, the proliferation, migration, and apoptosis of HPASMCs were measured using an EdU assay, transwell and scratch wound healing assays, and flow cytometric assay, respectively. An adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector encoding CYLD was used to suppress CYLD expression by being intratracheally instilled in rats 7 days before MCT-AV treatment. The results showed that CYLD was increased in the lung tissues from CHD-PAH patients and MCT-AV-induced PAH rats, and in PASMCs from MCT-AV-induced PAH rats. The contractile-type HPASMCs expressed low levels of CYLD, while the proliferative synthetic-type HPASMCs expressed high levels of CYLD. In addition, CYLD could mediate HPASMC dysfunction, which regulated HPASMC phenotypic transformation and proliferation via the modulation of p38 and ERK activation, while CYLD regulated HPASMC migration via the modulation of p38 activation. In vivo results demonstrated that the local suppression of CYLD expression could attenuate the increased levels of PAH and its associated pulmonary vascular remodeling in MCT-AV-induced PAH rats. Collectively, these results indicated that CYLD might be a potential novel therapeutic target for the prevention of PAH and pulmonary vascular remodeling in CHD-PAH through the modulation of HPASMC dysfunction.

15.
J Pept Sci ; : e3294, 2020 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283388

RESUMO

With the extensive use of antibiotics in medicine, agriculture and food chemistry, the emergence of multi-drug resistant bacteria become more and more frequent and posed great threats to human health and life. So novel antimicrobial agents were urgently needed to defend the resistant bacteria. Jelleine-I was a small antimicrobial peptide (AMP) with eight amino acids in its sequence. It was believed to be an ideal template for developing antimicrobial agents. In the present study, the possible action mode against both gram-negative bacteria and gram-positive bacteria and in vivo antimicrobial activity was explored. Our results showed that Jelleine-I exhibits its antimicrobial activity mainly by disrupting the integrity of the cell membrane, which would not be affected by the conventional resistant mechanism. It also aims at some intracellular targets such as genomic DNA to inhibit the growth of microbes. In addition, the result of in vivo antimicrobial activity experiment showed that Jelleine-I performed a good therapeutic effect toward the mice with Escherichia coli infected peritonitis. Notably, Jelleine-I has negligible cytotoxicity toward the tested mammalian cells, indicating excellent cell selectivity between prokaryotic cells and eurkayotic cells. In summary, our results showed that Jelleine-I would be a potential candidate to be developed as a novel antimicrobial agent.

16.
Sci Adv ; 6(49)2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33268363

RESUMO

Gut microbiome disturbances have been implicated in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, little is known about how the gut virome, microbiome, and fecal metabolome change, and how they interact in MDD. Here, using whole-genome shotgun metagenomic and untargeted metabolomic methods, we identified 3 bacteriophages, 47 bacterial species, and 50 fecal metabolites showing notable differences in abundance between MDD patients and healthy controls (HCs). Patients with MDD were mainly characterized by increased abundance of the genus Bacteroides and decreased abundance of the genera Blautia and Eubacterium These multilevel omics alterations generated a characteristic MDD coexpression network. Disturbed microbial genes and fecal metabolites were consistently mapped to amino acid (γ-aminobutyrate, phenylalanine, and tryptophan) metabolism. Furthermore, we identified a combinatorial marker panel that robustly discriminated MDD from HC individuals in both the discovery and validation sets. Our findings provide a deep insight into understanding of the roles of disturbed gut ecosystem in MDD.

17.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(18): 1175, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33241024

RESUMO

Background: DJ-1 is critical for the mitochondrial function associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). We aimed to investigate DJ-1's function in the pathogenesis of ADPKD. Methods: DJ-1 was knocked-down in IMCD3 cells to evaluate the effects of DJ-1 on cell phenotype and mitochondrial function in vitro. Furthermore, we generated three groups of mice with different expression levels of DJ-1 within an established ADPKD model: ADPKD, ADPKDpcDNA, and ADPKDpcDNA-DJ-1. Results: DJ-1 knock-down significantly increased oxidative stress as well as the proliferation and apoptosis rate of IMCD3 cells, along with Bcl-2 down-regulation and the up-regulation of Ki67, PCNA, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved caspase-9. DJ-1 knock-down suppressed the cellular respiration, Ca2+ absorption, and mitochondrial complex I activity in mitochondria. In vivo, we verified that DJ-1 was down-regulated in ADPKD models, and its overexpression attenuated the renal dysfunction in ADPKD models. The transgenic mice had a significantly smaller renal cyst and less interstitial fibrosis than control, accompanied byα-SMA, fibronectin, and TGF-ß1 up-regulation. Moreover, in vivo results confirmed DJ-1 overexpression inhibited the proliferation and apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells along with down-regulation of Ki67, PCNA, p53, intracellular Cyt c, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved caspase-9 and the up-regulation of Bcl-2. Conclusions: DJ-1 was down-regulated in ADPKD models, and its overexpression may attenuate the renal dysfunction and pathological damage by regulating the proliferation, apoptosis, oxidative stress and mitochondrial metabolism, which may be mediated by the p53 signaling pathway.

18.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 532(3): 336-340, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873390

RESUMO

Golgi matrix protein 130 (GM130), encoded by GOLGA2, is the classical marker of the Golgi apparatus. It plays important roles in various mitotic events, such as interacting with importin-alpha and liberating spindle assembly factor TPX2 to regulate mitotic spindle formation. A previous study showed that in vitro knockdown of GM130 could regulate the meiotic spindle pole assembly. In the current study, we found that knockout (KO) mice progressively died, had a small body size and were completely infertile. Furthermore, we constructed an oocyte-specific GM130 knockout mouse model (GM130-ooKO) driven by Gdf9-Cre. Through breeding assays, we found that the GM130-ooKO mice showed similar fecundity as control mice. During superovulation assays, the KO and GM130-ooKO mice had comparable numbers of ovulated eggs, oocyte maturation rates and normal polar bodies, similar to the control groups. Thus, this study indicated that deletion of GM130 might have a limited impact on the maturation and morphology of oocytes. This might due to more than one golgin sharing the same function, with others compensating for the loss of GM130.

19.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 149: 41-53, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Reportedly, nestin was re-expressed in proliferative synthetic-type pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) and obligatory for PASMC proliferation in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Accordingly, nestin is increased in pulmonary vascular lesions of congenital heart disease (CHD)-associated PAH patients. We tested the hypothesis whether nestin was re-expressed in proliferative synthetic-type PASMCs and associated with pulmonary vascular remodeling in CHD-PAH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nestin expression was tested using lung tissues from CHD-PAH patients and monocrotaline (MCT) plus aortocaval (AV) shunt-induced PAH rats, human PASMCs (HPASMCs), and pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) and PASMCs from MCT-AV-induced PAH rats. The role and possible mechanism of nestin on HPASMC proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle and migration were investigated by assays of CCK-8, EdU, TUNEL, flow cytometry, transwell chamber and immunoblotting assays. RESULTS: Nestin was solely expressed in proliferative synthetic-type PASMCs, but rarely detected in PAECs. Nestin was barely detected in normal pulmonary arterioles and occlusive pulmonary vascular lesions. Its expression was robustly increased in developing pulmonary vasculature, but returned to normal levels at the late stage of pulmonary vascular remodeling in lung tissues from CHD-PAH patients and MCT-AV-induced PAH rats. Besides, nestin peaks were consistent with the histological features in lung tissues of MCT-AV-induced PAH rats. Moreover, nestin overexpression effectively promoted HPASMC phenotypic transformation, proliferation, apoptosis resistance and migration via enhancing Wnt/ß-catenin activation. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicated that nestin was re-expressed in proliferative synthetic-type PASMCs and might represent a potential marker of pulmonary vascular remodeling in CHD-PAH.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929873

RESUMO

We recently discovered a [Fe-S]-containing protein with in vivo thiouracil desulfidase activity, dubbed TudS. The crystal structure of TudS refined at 1.5 Šresolution is reported; it harbors a [4Fe-4S] cluster bound by three cysteines only. Incubation of TudS crystals with 4-thiouracil trapped the cluster with a hydrosulfide ligand bound to the fourth non-protein-bonded iron, as established by the sulfur anomalous signal. This indicates that a [4Fe-5S] state of the cluster is a catalytic intermediate in the desulfuration reaction. Structural data and site-directed mutagenesis indicate that a water molecule is located next to the hydrosulfide ligand and to two catalytically important residues, Ser101 and Glu45. This information, together with modeling studies allow us to propose a mechanism for the unprecedented non-redox enzymatic desulfuration of thiouracil, in which a [4Fe-4S] cluster binds and activates the sulfur atom of the substrate.

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