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1.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(10): 1273-1280, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651480

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the early effectivenss of computer navigation-assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA) by comparing with traditional TKA. Methods: The clinical data of 89 patients (100 knees) underwent primary TKA between October 2017 and July 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, including 44 patients (50 knees) who completed the TKA under the computer-assisted navigation system as the navigation group and 45 patients (50 knees) treated with traditional TKA as the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05) in gender, age, body mass index, diagnosis, side, disease duration, Kellgren-Lawrence classification of osteoarthritis, and preoperative American Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score, range of motion (ROM), hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) deviation. The operation time, incision length, difference in hemoglobin before and after operation, postoperative hospital stay, and the complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. The HSS score, ROM, and joint forgetting score (FJS-12) were used to evaluate knee joint function in all patients. Unilateral patients also underwent postoperative time of up and go test and short physical performance battery (SPPB) test. At 1 day after operation, the HKA, mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA), mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA), sagittal femoral component angle (sFCA), and sagittal tibial component angle (sTCA) were measured and calculated the difference between the above index and the target value (deviation); and the joint line convergence angle (JLCA) was also measured. Results: The operations of the two groups were successfully completed, and the incisions healed by first intention. The operation time and incision length of the navigation group were longer than those of the control group ( P<0.05); the difference in difference of hemoglobin before and after the operation and the postoperative hospital stay between groups was not significant ( P>0.05). Patients in the two groups were followed up 27-40 months, with an average of 33.6 months. Posterior tibial vein thrombosis occurred in 1 case in each of the two groups, and 1 case in the control group experienced repeated knee joint swelling. The HSS scores of the two groups gradually increased after operation ( P<0.05); HSS scores in the navigation group at 1 and 2 years after operation, and knee ROM and FJS-12 scores at 2 years were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the postoperative time of up and go test and SPPB results between the two groups at 7 days after operation ( P>0.05); the postoperative time of up and go test of the navigation group was shorter than that of the control group at 2 years ( t=-2.226, P=0.029), but there was no significant difference in SPPB ( t=0.429, P=0.669). X-ray film measurement at 1 day after operation showed that the deviation of HKA after TKA in the navigation group was smaller than that of the control group ( t=-7.392, P=0.000); among them, the HKA deviations of 50 knees (100%) in the navigation group and 36 knees (72%) in the control group were less than 3°, showing significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=16.279, P=0.000). The JLCA and the deviations of mLDFA, mMPTA, sFCA, and sTCA in the navigation group were smaller than those in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion: Compared with traditional TKA, computer navigation-assisted TKA can obtain more accurate prosthesis implantation position and lower limb force line and better early effectiveness. But there is a certain learning curve, and the operation time and incision length would be extended in the early stage of technology application.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 807(Pt 2): 150306, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634352

RESUMO

Aim at the effects of the coastal characteristic on ozone pollution in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD), a campaign was launched at the Ningbo, China in the summer of 2020, which mainly covered the monitoring of the vertical profiles of ozone (O3) concentration, three-dimensional wind field, temperature and humidity profiles and parameters of boundary layer dynamic-thermodynamic structure. At the coastal research station, a sea-land breeze (SLB) circulation accompanied by a concurrent coastal low-level jets (CLLJ) structure was observed and identified during 11-12 May 2020. The sea breeze first formed at 10:00 LT on 11 May, turned to land breeze at night, and returned to sea breeze again at 10:00 LT the next morning, prevailing at altitudes of 0-0.5 km and 0-0.3 km respectively. Land breeze at night carries O3 from the inland to the sea forming high ozone levels over the sea, and the shift of the sea breeze during daytime further blew pollution back to the land. Additionally, the conversion of SLB contributed to the occurrence of CLLJ at the altitudes of ~0.3-0.7 km by 02:00 and 06:00 LT, of which the center of wind speed reached ~13 m s-1. The CLLJ-induced turbulent activity decoupled the residual layer (RL) and stable boundary layer, leading to a reduction of RL-O3 levels and an increase of ~50 µg m-3 in surface-O3 concentration. The YRD's unique coastal characteristics make O3 pollution causes in coastal areas more complicated.

3.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118323, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637825

RESUMO

Hydroxyapatite (HAP) can effectively immobilize soil heavy metals, but excess phosphate would be released to aquatic ecosystem, resulting in eutrophication. This study investigated the effects of ferrihydrite (FH) on the HAP immobilization of copper (Cu) and cadmium (Cd) and their reduction of phosphorus release under flooding-drainage alternation conditions. Results showed that the incorporation of HAP and FH significantly increased soil solution pH and decreased Cu2+ and Cd2+ concentrations. Applications of FH, HAP, and FH-HAP (FH and HAP combination) can all enhance soil pH and reduce CaCl2-extractable and exchangeable Cu and Cd, but HAP addition increased soluble phosphate by 6.60-7.77 times compared to control. However, FH-HAP application can significantly reduce phosphate release by 92.7-99.7% compared to HAP application. FH-HAP was the most effective to reduce exchangeable Cu and Cd by 49.8-93.4% and 50.9-88.8% and decreased labile and moderately labile phosphorus by 34.0-74.4% and 13.5-18.6%, respectively, while increased stable phosphorus by 22-45.1% than single HAP. All FH treatments significantly increased amorphous iron oxides by the factors of 4.66-20.8, but only 3% and 5% of FH applications slightly enhanced crystal iron oxides by the factors of 0.81-1.27. The major implication is that the combination of FH and HAP can not only immobilize of Cu and Cd, but also reduce the risk of phosphate release by HAP addition.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657951

RESUMO

Integrating metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of different components or structures together and exploiting them as electrochemical sensors for electrochemical sensing has aroused great interest. Furthermore, the incorporation of noble metals with MOFs is conducive to the improvement of catalytic performance. In this work, Pd@UiO-66-on-ZIF-L nanomaterials were successfully synthesised onto a self-supported flexible carbon cloth (Pd@UiO-66-on-ZIF-L/CC) through a novel strategy called MOF-on-MOF. Then, Au nanoparticles were electrodeposited onto Pd@UiO-66-on-ZIF-L/CC to obtain Au-Pd@UiO-66-on-ZIF-L/CC, which can serve as an excellent electrocatalyst for the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The obtained flower-like Pd@UiO-66-on-ZIF-L/CC hybrid MOF changes the structure of the monomeric MOF alone and adds more attachment sites. The synergy of the bimetals greatly improved the catalytic performance of the as-developed sensor. Electrochemical experiment results show that the proposed sensor based on Au-Pd@UiO-66-on-ZIF-L/CC has an extended linear range from 1 µM to 19.6 mM with a sensitivity of 390 µA mM-1 cm-2, and a low limit of detection (LOD) of 21.2 nM (S/N = 3). Moreover, it has good anti-interference, reproducibility, repeatability and excellent stability. Furthermore, the real-time in situ detection of H2O2 secreted from human adenocarcinomic alveolar basal epithelial cells (A549 cells) was achieved by culturing cells on Au-Pd@UiO-66-on-ZIF-L/CC, which indicates the potential of the sensor for applications in cancer pathology. Both the synthesis strategy and the sensor design provide new methods and ideas for the production of ultrasensitive H2O2 electrochemical sensors.

5.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt A): 108191, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601328

RESUMO

Neobavaisoflavone (Neo), is the active constituent of the herb Psoralea corylifolial, used in the traditional Chinese medicine, and has anti-inflammatory activity, but whether Neo could regulate colitis remains unclear. T helper 9 (TH9) cells, a subset of CD4+ T helper cells characterized by secretion of IL-9, have been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, but whether Neo could control TH9 cell differentiation also remains unclear. Here, we found that Neo could decrease IL-9 production of CD4+ T cells by targeting PU.1 in vitro. Importantly, Neo had therapeutic effects on DSS-induced colitis. Furthermore, we identified TH9 cells as the direct target of Neo for attenuating bowel inflammation. Therefore, Neo could serve as a lead for developing new therapeutics against inflammatory bowel disease.

6.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258489, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648581

RESUMO

Betel nut chewing (BNC) is prevalent in South Asia and Southeast Asia. BNC can affect host health by modulating the gut microbiota. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of BNC on the gut microbiota of the host. Feces samples were obtained from 34 BNC individuals from Ledong and Lingshui, Hainan, China. The microbiota was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. BNC decreased the microbial α-diversity. Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, and Proteobacteria were the predominant phyla, accounting for 99.35% of the BNC group. The Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes ratio was significantly increased in the BNC group compared to a control group. The abundances of the families Aerococcaceae, Neisseriaceae, Moraxellaceae, Porphyromonadaceae, and Planococcaceae were decreased in the BNC/BNC_Male/BNC_Female groups compared to the control group, whereas the abundances of Coriobacteriaceae, Streptococcaceae, Micrococcaceae, Xanthomonadaceae, Coxiellaceae, Nocardioidaceae, Rhodobacteraceae, and Succinivibrionaceae were increased. In general, the gut microbiome profiles suggest that BNC may have positive effects, such as an increase in the abundance of beneficial microbes and a reduction in the abundance of disease-related microbes. However, BNC may also produce an increase in the abundance of disease-related microbes. Therefore, extraction of prebiotic components could increase the beneficial value of betel nut.

7.
J Vis Exp ; (175)2021 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605805

RESUMO

The bilateral cavernous nerve (CN) injury rat model has been extensively used to simulate clinical cavernous nerve injury associated with erectile dysfunction (ED) for evaluating the effect of clinical therapeutic methods. However, the methods of CN injury model construction are flawed and varied in the ED research field. It is CN crush injury that is the most commonly used method in recent years. This study aims to provide a detailed description of the procedure of bilateral CN injury rat model construction and measurement of intracavernous pressure (ICP) recording, providing a reliable and reproducible CN injury rat model. This work successfully developed the CN injury method of hemostat crush injury using a syringe needle as hard support and a hemostat with a rubber sleeve. Also, this method concludes that a voltage of 1.0 V, frequency of 20 Hz, and pulse-width of 5 ms are the optimized stimulation parameters for ICP recording in a bilateral CN injury rat model.

8.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606141

RESUMO

Phosphorus (P) is essential for productivity of alpine grassland ecosystems, which are sensitive to global warming. We tested the hypotheses that (1) mobilized 'calcium-bound inorganic P' (Ca-Pi ) is a major source of plant-available P in alpine meadows with alkaline soils after long-term warming, (2) mobilization of Ca-Pi is linked to effective plant carboxylate-releasing P-acquisition strategies under warming, and (3) the mobilization is also related to plant nitrogen (N)-acquisition. We conducted an 8-year warming experiment in an alpine meadow (4635 m above sea level) on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. A significant increase in P concentration in both aboveground and belowground biomass indicates an increased mobilization and assimilation of P by plants under warming. We observed a significant decrease in Ca-Pi , no change in moderately-labile organic P, and an increase in highly resistant organic P after warming. There was no increase in phosphatase activities. Our results indicate that Ca-Pi , rather than organic P was the major source of plant-available P for alpine meadows under warming. Higher leaf manganese concentrations of sedges and forbs after warming indicate that carboxylates released by these plants are a key mechanism of Ca-Pi mobilization. The insignificant increase in Rhizobiales after warming and the very small cover of legumes show a minor role of N-acquisition strategies in solubilizing phosphate. The insignificant change in relative abundance of mycorrhizal fungi and bacteria related to P cycling after warming shows a small contribution of microorganisms to Ca-Pi mobilization. The significant increase in leaf N and P concentrations and N:P ratio of grasses and no change in sedge leaf N:P ratio reflect distinct responses of plant nutrient status to warming due to differences in P-acquisition strategies. We highlight the important effects of belowground P-acquisition strategies, especially plant carboxylate-releasing P-acquisition strategies on responses of plants to global changes in alpine meadows.

9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6525449, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616844

RESUMO

Method: We search the PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and Wanfang (China) databases (up to December 1, 2020) to identify all eligible publications. The pooled odds ratio (OR) correspondence with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated to evaluate the associations. Results: Finally, nine eligible studies with 7,157 cases and 6,440 controls and five studies with 2,278 cases and 2,821 controls were enrolled in rs3877899 and rs7579 polymorphisms, individually. However, a null significant association was detected between the two polymorphisms in SEPP1 and susceptibility to colorectal, breast, and prostate cancer in all comparison models. Subsequently, subgroup analysis based on tumor type, no significant association was identified for prostate, breast, and colorectal cancer. In addition, when the stratification analyses were conducted by the source of control, HWE status, and ethnicity, yet no significant association was found. Conclusions: The current meta-analysis shows that SEPP1 rs3877899 and rs7579 polymorphisms may not be associated with susceptibility to colon cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer, and further well-designed studies with a larger sample size are warranted to validate our findings.

10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626074

RESUMO

Liver fibrogenesis is a dynamic cellular and tissue process which has the potential to progress into cirrhosis of even liver cancer and liver failure. The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the central event underlying liver fibrosis. Besides, hepatic macrophages have been proposed as potential targets in combatting fibrosis. As for the relationship between HSCs and hepatic macrophages in liver fibrosis, it is generally considered that macrophages promoted liver fibrosis via activating HSCs. However, whether activated HSCs could in turn affect macrophage polarization has rarely been studied. In this study, mRNAs with significant differences were explored using exosomal RNA-sequencing of activated Lx-2 cells and normal RNA-sequencing of DHFR loss-of-function Lx-2 cell models. Cell functional experiments in both Lx-2 cells and macrophages animal model experiments were performed. The results basically confirmed exosomes secreted from activated HSCs could promote M1 polarization of macrophages further. Exosome harbouring DHFR played an important role in this process. DHFR silence in HSCs could decrease Lx-2 activation and M1 polarization of M0 macrophages and then alleviate the development of liver fibrosis both in vitro and vivo. Our work brought a new insight that exosomal DHFR derived from HSCs had a crucial role in crosstalk between HSCs activation and macrophage polarization, which may be a potential therapeutic target in liver fibrosis.

11.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617727

RESUMO

Assimilation of mercury (Hg) by vegetation represents one of the largest global environmental Hg mass fluxes. We estimate Hg assimilation by vegetation globally via a bottom-up scaling approach using tissue Hg concentrations synthesized from a comprehensive database multiplied by respective annual biomass production (NPP). As global annual NPP is close to annual vegetation die-off, Hg mass associated with global NPP approximates the transfer of Hg from plants to soils, which represents an estimate of vegetation-mediated atmospheric deposition. Annual vegetation assimilation of Hg from combined atmospheric and soil uptake is estimated at 3062 ± 607 Mg yr-1, which is composed of 2491 ± 551 Mg yr-1 from aboveground tissue uptake and 571 ± 253 Mg yr-1 from root uptake. Assimilation of atmospheric Hg amounts to 2422 ± 483 Mg yr-1 when considering aboveground tissues only. Atmospheric assimilation increases to 2705 ± 504 Mg yr-1 when considering that root Hg may be partially derived from prior foliar uptake and transported internally to roots. Estimated atmospheric Hg assimilation by vegetation is 54-137% larger than the current model and litterfall estimates, largely because of the inclusion of lichens, mosses, and woody tissues in deposition and all global biomes. Belowground, about 50% of root Hg was taken up from soils with currently unknown ecological and biogeochemical consequences.

12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5796, 2021 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608154

RESUMO

The axonemal central pair (CP) are non-centrosomal microtubules critical for planar ciliary beat. How they form, however, is poorly understood. Here, we show that mammalian CP formation requires Wdr47, Camsaps, and microtubule-severing activity of Katanin. Katanin severs peripheral microtubules to produce central microtubule seeds in nascent cilia. Camsaps stabilize minus ends of the seeds to facilitate microtubule outgrowth, whereas Wdr47 concentrates Camsaps into the axonemal central lumen to properly position central microtubules. Wdr47 deficiency in mouse multicilia results in complete loss of CP, rotatory beat, and primary ciliary dyskinesia. Overexpression of Camsaps or their microtubule-binding regions induces central microtubules in Wdr47-/- ependymal cells but at the expense of low efficiency, abnormal numbers, and wrong location. Katanin levels and activity also impact the central microtubule number. We propose that Wdr47, Camsaps, and Katanin function together for the generation of non-centrosomal microtubule arrays in polarized subcellular compartments.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(36): 43715-43725, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469103

RESUMO

An inverted pyramidal metasurface was designed, fabricated, and studied at the nanoscale level for the development of a label-free pathogen detection on a chip platform that merges nanotechnology and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). Based on the integration and synergy of these ingredients, a virus immunoassay was proposed as a relevant proof of concept for very sensitive detection of hepatitis A virus, for the first time to our best knowledge, in a very small volume (2 µL), without complex signal amplification, allowing to detect a minimal virus concentration of 13 pg/mL. The proposed work aims to develop a high-flux and high-accuracy surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) nanobiosensor for the detection of pathogens to provide an effective method for early and easy water monitoring, which can be fast and convenient.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502741

RESUMO

Pedestrian detection has been widely used in applications such as video surveillance and intelligent robots. Recently, deep learning-based pedestrian detection engines have attracted lots of attention. However, the computational complexity of these engines is high, which makes them unsuitable for hardware- and power-constrained mobile applications, such as drones for surveillance. In this paper, we propose a lightweight pedestrian detection engine with a two-stage low-complexity detection network and adaptive region focusing technique, to reduce the computational complexity in pedestrian detection, while maintaining sufficient detection accuracy. The proposed pedestrian detection engine has significantly reduced the number of parameters (0.73 M) and operations (1.04 B), while achieving a comparable precision (85.18%) and miss rate (25.16%) to many existing designs. Moreover, the proposed engine, together with YOLOv3 and YOLOv3-Tiny, has been implemented on a Xilinx FPGA Zynq7020 for comparison. It is able to achieve 16.3 Fps while consuming 0.59 W, which outperforms the results of YOLOv3 (5.3 Fps, 2.43 W) and YOLOv3-Tiny (12.8 Fps, 0.95 W).


Assuntos
Pedestres , Humanos , Inteligência
15.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472219

RESUMO

Simmitecan is a new ester anticancer prodrug which can exert the antiproliferation activity through its active metabolite, chimmitecan. In the current study, a simple and reliable liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of simmitecan and chimmitecan in human plasma. Both irinotecan and 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin were used as the internal standards. Plasma samples were protein precipitated by acetonitrile (0.2% formic acid, v/v) and processed samples were chromatographed on a Hypersil GOLDTM C18 column (100 × 4.6 mm, i.d. 3.0 µm) with acetonitrile and 10 mM ammonium acetate (0.1% formic acid, v/v) as the mobile phase. The calibration curves showed good linearity (R ≥ 0.99) over the concentration range of 1-500 ng/mL and 0.25-125 ng/mL for simmitecan and chimmitecan, respectively. Intra- and inter-run precisions (CV%) were ≤10.2% for simmitecan and ≤12.1% for chimmitecan. The accuracies were 99.4-103.5% for simmitecan and 95.4-103.5% for chimmitecan. This method was further successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of simmitecan in Chinese advanced solid cancer patients after administration of simmitecan hydrochloride injection.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3838-3845, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472257

RESUMO

The longevity mechanism of ginseng(Panax ginseng) is related to its strong meristematic ability. In this paper, this study used bioinformatic methods to identify the members of the ginseng TCP gene family in the whole genome and analyzed their sequence characteristics. Then, quantitative real-time fluorescent PCR was performed to analyze the TCP genes containing elements rela-ted to meristem expression in the taproots, fibrous roots, stems, and leaves. According to the data, this study further explored the expression specificity of TCP genes in ginseng tissues, which facilitated the dissection of the longevity mechanism of ginseng. The ginseng TCP members were identified and analyzed using PlantTFDB, ExPASy, MEME, PLANTCARE, TBtools, MEGA and DNAMAN. The results demonstrated that there were 60 TCP gene family members in ginseng, and they could be divided into two classes: Class Ⅰ and Class Ⅱ, in which the Class Ⅱ possessed two subclasses: CYC-TCP and CIN-TCP. The deduced TCP proteins in ginseng had the length of 128-793 aa, the isoelectric point of 4.49-9.84 and the relative molecular mass of 14.2-89.3 kDa. They all contained the basic helix-loop-helix(bHLH) domain. There are a variety of stress response-related cis-acting elements in the promoter regions of ginseng TCP genes, and PgTCP20-PgTCP24 contained the elements associated with meristematic expression. The transcription levels of PgTCP20-PgTCP24 were high in fibrous roots and leaves, but low in stems, indicating the tissue-specific expression of ginseng TCP genes. The Class Ⅰ TCP members which contained PgTCP20-PgTCP23, may be important regulators for the growth and development of ginseng roots.


Assuntos
Panax , Fatores de Transcrição , Biologia Computacional , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Família Multigênica , Panax/genética , Panax/metabolismo , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
17.
Inflammation ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480249

RESUMO

Supervillin (SVIL) is an actin-binding and membrane-associated protein, which belongs to villin/gelsolin family. It has been reported that SVIL was involved in the regulation of macrophages' movement and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) increased the SVIL mRNA expression in neutrophils, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. This work investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms of LPS regulating SVIL expression in macrophages and hence the possible role of SVIL in LPS-induced inflammation. We found that in THP-1-derived macrophages, LPS obviously increased SVIL mRNA and protein expression. Inhibition of TLR4 by Resatorvid (Res) remarkably reversed the LPS-induced SVIL expression. Additionally, inhibition of ERK1/2 signaling pathway (by U0126 or GDC-0994) and NF-κB (by BAY) significantly reduced the LPS-induced SVIL expression. Interestingly, down-regulation of SVIL by SVIL-specific shRNAs significantly attenuated the expression of IL-6, IL-1ß & TNF-α induced by LPS at both mRNA and protein levels. Furthermore, we also observed that SVIL knockdown decreased the proportion of cells in G2/M phase and increased the proportion of cells in S & G0-1 phase of THP-1 derived macrophages, but did not influence the cell viability. Taken together, we demonstrated that LPS induced the expression of SVIL via activating TLR4/NF-κB and ERK1/2 MAPK pathways, and SVIL participated in the inflammatory response of LPS-induced IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α upregulation in macrophages.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4111-4116, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467721

RESUMO

Sanguinarine is the main active component of the Papaver plants, and protopine-6-hydroxylase(P6 H), involved in the sanguinarine biosynthetic pathway, can oxidize protopine to 6-hydroxyprotopine. The investigation on the diversity of P6 H genes in the medicinal Papaver plants contributes to the acquirement of P6 H with high activity to increase the biosynthesis of sanguinarine. Five P6 H genes in P. somniferum, P. orientale, and P. rhoeas were discovered based on the re-sequencing data of the Papaver species, followed by bioinformatics analysis. With the elongation factor 1α(EF-1α), which exhibits stable expression in the root and stem, as the internal reference gene, the transcription levels of P6H genes in roots and stems of the Papaver plants were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. As indicated by the re-sequencing results, there were two genotypes of P6H in P. somniferum and P. orientale, respectively, and only one in P. rhoeas. The bioinformatics analysis showed that the P6 H proteins of the three Papaver plants contained the conserved domain cl12078, which is the characteristic of p450 supergene family, and transmembrane regions. The existence of signal peptide remained verification. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR results revealed that the transcription level of P6 H in roots of P. somniferum was about 1.44 times of that in stems(α=0.05). The present study confirmed genetic diversity of P6 H in the three medicinal Papaver plants, which lays a basis for the research on the biosynthesis pathway and mechanism of sanguinarine in Papaver species.


Assuntos
Alcaloides de Berberina , Papaver , Benzofenantridinas , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Variação Genética , Papaver/genética
19.
Adv Mater ; : e2103360, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477241

RESUMO

The realization of long-range magnetic ordering in 2D systems can potentially revolutionize next-generation information technology. Here, the successful fabrication of crystalline Cr3 Te4 monolayers with room temperature (RT) ferromagnetism is reported. Using molecular beam epitaxy, the growth of 2D Cr3 Te4 films with monolayer thickness is demonstrated at low substrate temperatures (≈100 °C), compatible with Si complementary metal oxide semiconductor technology. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements reveal a Curie temperature (Tc ) of v344 K for the Cr3 Te4 monolayer with an out-of-plane magnetic easy axis, which decreases to v240 K for the thicker film (≈7 nm) with an in-plane easy axis. The enhancement of ferromagnetic coupling and the magnetic anisotropy transition is ascribed to interfacial effects, in particular the orbital overlap at the monolayer Cr3 Te4 /graphite interface, supported by density-functional theory calculations. This work sheds light on the low-temperature scalable growth of 2D nonlayered materials with RT ferromagnetism for new magnetic and spintronic devices.

20.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 359, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reports have proven that shorter door-to-needle time (DTN time) indicates better outcomes in AIS patients received intravenous thrombolysis. Efforts have been made by hospitals and centers to minimize DTN time in many ways including introducing a stroke nurse. However, there are few studies to discuss the specific effect of stroke nurse on patients' prognosis. This study aimed to compare consecutive AIS patients before and after the intervention to analyze the effect of stroke nurse on clinical outcome of AIS patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we observed 1003 patients from November 2016 to December 2020 dividing in two groups, collected and analyzed AIS patients' medical history, clinical assessment information, important timelines, 90 mRS score, etc. Comparative analysis and mediation analysis were also used in this study. RESULTS: A total of 418 patients was included in this study, and 199 patients were enrolled in the stroke nurse group and 219 was in the preintervention group. Baseline characteristics of patients showed no significant difference except there seems more patients with previous ischemic stroke history in the group of stroke nurse. (p = 0.008). The median DTN time significantly decreased in the stroke nurse group (25 min versus 36 min, p < 0.001) and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed the 90-day mRS clinical outcome significantly improved in the stroke nurse group (p = 0.001). Mediation analysis indicated the reduction of DTN time plays a partial role on the 90 days mRS score and the stroke nurse has some direct effect on the improvement of clinical outcome (p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of stroke nurse is beneficial to clinical outcome of AIS patients and can be use of reference in other hospitals or centers.

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