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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 26-30, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219174

RESUMO

Microtubule-interfering agents have been very useful both as biological tools in studying mitosis and as chemotherapeutic agents against cancer. It remains poorly understood how these agents converge on the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) to halt mitotic progression, while inhibiting microtubule dynamics by different mechanisms. Cells arrested at mitosis by various microtubule-interfering agents exhibit strikingly different defects in the mitotic spindle. However, all the arrested cells possess the 3F3/2 phosphoepitope at the sister kinetochores of chromosomes, indicating the decrease of tension across the paired kinetochores. In addition, microtubule-interfering agents result in a comparable reduction in the distance between sister kinetochores, suggesting that these agents decrease interkinetochore tension to similar degrees. Here, we discuss recent progress that suggests impairment of kinetochore-microtubule attachment and reduction of interkinetochore tension as common mechanisms underlying the persistent SAC activation in response to diverse microtubule-interfering agents.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109605, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706102

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BC) brings a heavy burden to afflicted patients worldwide. In order to find new diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets for this disease, we investigated the role of a novel lncRNA, AC114812.8, in bladder cancer progression. Clone formation and CCK-8 assays were used to detect the proliferative capacity of the cells, and the transwell assay was used to explore their invasion and migration abilities. Wound healing experiments were also used to detect cell migration. Luciferase reporter assays were used to investigate the interactions between lncRNA, target gene and miRNA. The expression of FUT4 and marker genes related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition was explored through western blot analysis. Our findings revealed that AC114812.8 was significantly upregulated in BC and could markedly facilitate the proliferation, migration, and invasion of bladder cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, duel-luciferase reporter assay revealed that AC114812.8 could regulate the FUT4 expression level by sponging miR-371b-5p to facilitate BC progression. We detected the levels of EMT-related biomarkers in AC114812.8-overexpressing BC cells by western blot analysis and found that AC114812.8 could promote EMT process. Rescue experiments showed that miR-371b-5p could rescue the effect of AC114812.8 on proliferation and metastasis of BC. Our results suggest that AC114812.8 could be a novel prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for bladder cancer.

3.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(5): 3295-3302, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635678

RESUMO

Dexmedetomidine (Dex) works as a crucial agent for the treatment of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), but its mechanism remains unclear. Recent articles demonstrated the pivotal role of Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK2/STAT3) signalling in I/R. Therefore, it is reasonable to explore the associated mechanism of JAK2/STAT3 signalling in Dex treatment. The study purpose was to evaluate the JAK2/STAT3 signalling regulatory mechanisms of Dex in preventing I/R. Anaesthetized rats were subjected to superior mesenteric artery occlusion consisting of 1 h of ischemia and 2 h of reperfusion while served as controls. Animals received subcutaneous administration of 50 µg/kg Dex, JAK1 and JAK2 inhibitor, Ruxolitinib, selective JAK2 inhibitor, 10 mg/kg AG490 or STAT inhibitor and 0.4 mg/kg rapamycin; or Dex-treatment in the presence of α2-adrenoceptor antagonists Atip or Dex-treatment alone after I/R. Injury was scored histologically, apoptosis was detected via the apoptotic mediators caspase-3 and Bcl-2/Bax and the degree of activation of the JAK/STAT pathway was evaluated. Dex inhibited I/R injury by decreasing apoptosis significantly with rescue of cleaved caspase-3 and the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Furthermore, phosphorylation of JAK2, STAT1 and STAT3 was affected, suggesting the involvement of activated JAK/STAT in response to Dex. Meanwhile, the JAK2 or STAT inhibitors AG490 and rapamycin, but not Ruxolitinib, exhibited a similar but even greater JAK2 and STAT3 regulatory effect, thus leading to a greater benefit. JAK2/STAT3 activation is crucial to the diminishing effect of Dex on mesenteric I/R injury; however, the efficacy and timing of Dex administration should be considered in clinical practice.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; : 134590, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791791

RESUMO

Hydroxyapatite (HA) is often applied as chemical amendment in soils contaminated with trace metals such as copper (Cu) and cadmium (Cd). Large amounts of iron oxides in red soil may interacts with phosphate released from HA and influence trace metal immobilization of HA. Here we simulated a red paddy soil with 1-5% wt iron oxides by adding hematite and evaluated the Cu and Cd availability in soil amended with HA under flooded conditions. Changes in phosphorus and iron oxide fractions were also evaluated after a 42-day flooding incubation experiment. Results showed that the addition of HA-only and hematite-only decreased soil redox potential and increased pore water pH compared to the control. HA combined with hematite could effectively decrease phosphate, Cu and Cd in soil pore water compared to HA-only. Additionally, HA combined with hematite could also increase soil pH and decrease soil CaCl2-extractable Cu and Cd. In particular, HA combined with 5% hematite was most effective in reducing soil exchangeable fractions of Cu and Cd by 53.7% and 65.6% compared to the control, respectively. The addition of HA-only increased water-soluble phosphorus, NaHCO3-extractable inorganic phosphorus, NaOH-extractable inorganic phosphorus, and HCl-extractable phosphorus. Conversely, HA combined with hematite treatments decreased NaHCO3-extractable inorganic phosphorus by 11.3-43.0% compared to HA-only. Vivianite and metal-phosphate precipitates were not observed using the Visual MINTEQ model, X-ray diffraction, and chemical analysis. The addition of hematite with or without HA increased free and crystal iron oxide fractions, while it substantially enhanced amorphous iron oxides in the soil. Thus, this study indicates that soil with high hematite content could enhance Cu and Cd immobilization while decreasing phosphorus availability in the red paddy soil amended with HA under the flooded conditions.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787543

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the ability of preoperative plasma fibrinogen and D-dimer as biomarkers to predict survival outcomes in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 206 NMIBC patients receiving transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) were assessed in our retrospective study. The cutoff values of fibrinogen and D-dimer were determined using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Cox regression analyses were adopted to assess the influence of these two parameters on recurrence-free survival (RFS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: The cutoff values of fibrinogen and D-dimer were 3.56 g/L and 0.48 µg/mL, respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that high fibrinogen and D-dimer levels were significantly related to poor RFS (all P < .001) and PFS (all P < .001). Moreover, patients with elevated fibrinogen levels tended to have high tumor grade (P = .033), advanced pathologic T stage (P < .001), and multiple tumor lesions (P = .019). Significant associations of high D-dimer levels with advanced pathologic T stage (P = .026), large tumor size (P = .012), and multiple tumor lesions (P = .006) were found. In addition, multivariate analysis revealed that plasma fibrinogen and D-dimer were all independent predictive factors for RFS (P = .029 and .001, respectively) and PFS (P = .023 and .003, respectively). CONCLUSION: High levels of preoperative plasma fibrinogen and D-dimer may indicate advanced clinicopathologic features and worse prognosis, suggesting that these two coagulation parameters could be used as prognostic biomarkers for NMIBC patients.

6.
Nanoscale ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799577

RESUMO

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are the most important components in the tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment, promoting tumor growth and metastasis. Although TAMs have become one of the hot topics of tumor immunotherapy, challenges still remain to achieve TAM-targeted re-polarization therapy. In this work, porous hollow iron oxide nanoparticles (PHNPs) were synthesized for loading a P13K γ small molecule inhibitor (3-methyladenine, 3-MA) and further modified by mannose to target TAMs. The delivery system named PHNPs@DPA-S-S-BSA-MA@3-MA showed good efficiency for targeting TAMs. The inflammatory factor NF-κB p65 of macrophages was activated by the combination of PHNPs and 3-MA, which synergistically switched TAMs to pro-inflammatory M1-type macrophages. As a result, it activated immune responses and inhibited tumor growth in vivo. The study provides an intracellular switch of the TAM phenotype for targeted TAM therapy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800129

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The monitoring of the plasma concentration and dose adjustment of anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs are beneficial for improving responses to drug treatment and avoiding drug adverse reactions. A simple and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method was developed to measure the plasma concentrations of 14 anti-TB drugs: ethambutol, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin, prothionamide, linezolid, rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, cycloserine, p-aminosalicylic acid (PAS) and clofazimine. METHODS: Human plasma was precipitated by acetonitrile and was subsequently separated by an AQ-C18 column with a gradient elution. Drug concentrations were determined using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) in positive ion ESI mode. According to pharmacokinetic data of patients, the peak concentration ranges and timing of blood collection were determined. RESULTS: Intra- and inter-day precision was less than 14.8%. Linearity, accuracy, extraction recovery and matrix effect were acceptable for each drug. Stability of the method satisfied different storage conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The method applied the sensitive and reproducible determination of 14 frequently-used anti-TB drugs, which already showed benefit for some TB patients.

8.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 3683-3692, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695335

RESUMO

Background: Widespread concern of the side effects and the broad-spectrum anticancer property of podophyllotoxin as an antitumor agent highlight the need for the development of new podophyllotoxin derivatives. Although some per-butyrylated glucosides of podophyllotoxin and 4ß-triazolyl-podophyllotoxin glycosides show good anticancer activity, the per-acetylated/free of podophyllotoxin glucosides and their per-acetylated are not well studied. Methods: A few glucoside derivatives of PPT were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic activities against five human cancer cell lines, HL-60 (leukemia), SMMC-7721 (hepatoma), A-549 (lung cancer), MCF-7 (breast cancer), and SW480 (colon cancer), as well as the normal human pulmonary epithelial cell line (BEAS-2B). In addition, we investigated the structure-activity relationship and the physicochemical property-anticancer activity relationship of these compounds. Results: Compound 6b shows the highest cytotoxic potency against all five cancer cell lines tested, with IC50 values ranging from 3.27±0.21 to 11.37±0.52 µM. We have also found that 6b displays higher selectivity than the etoposide except in the case of HL-60 cell line. The active compounds possess similar physicochemical properties: MSA > 900, %PSA < 20, ClogP > 2, MW > 700 Da, and RB > 10. Conclusion: We synthesized several glucoside derivatives of PPT and tested their cytotoxicity. Among them, compound 6b showed the highest cytotoxicity. Further studies including selectivity of active compounds have shown that the selectivity indexes of 6b are much greater than the etoposide except in the case of HL-60 cell line. The active compounds possessed similar physicochemical properties. This study indicates that active glucoside analogs of podophyllotoxin have potential as lead compounds for developing novel anticancer agents.

9.
Theranostics ; 9(24): 7140-7155, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695758

RESUMO

Rationale: Peri-prosthetic osteolysis (PPO) is mainly induced by wear particles and represents the leading cause of implant failure and revision surgery. Previous studies have identified mitigation of wear particle-induced inflammation and bone resorption as the main approaches to treat PPO. Recently, wear particle-induced reduction of bone formation around the prosthesis was identified as a major factor in the development of PPO. Acetyl-11-keto-ß-boswellic acid (AKBA), a derivative of frankincense, has been shown to play a potential role in bone metabolism. However, whether AKBA enhances bone formation in wear particle-induced osteolysis remains unknown. In this study, we examined whether AKBA attenuates titanium particle-induced osteogenic reduction. Methods: Titanium particles were used to induce osteolysis in murine calvaria, and micro-CT and histological analyses were used to evaluate the results. Mouse osteoblast cells, MC3T3-E1 were co-cultured with titanium particles to determine their effect on osteoblast formation in vitro. Results: We demonstrated that AKBA treatment significantly inhibited titanium particle-induced osteogenic inhibition by enhancing osteogenesis both in vivo and in vitro. AKBA treatment also enhanced the phosphorylation of GSK-3ß, decreased the degradation of ß-catenin, and increased the translocation of ß-catenin from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. Taken together, these results showed that AKBA treatment attenuated titanium-induced osteogenic inhibition by activating the GSK-3ß/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Conclusion: These findings suggest that AKBA is a promising new target in the prevention and treatment of PPO.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17561, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persistent and intractable hiccups bring serious inconvenience to patients' work and daily life, and impair their quality of life. Relevant studies showed that acupuncture therapy might be effective in treating persistent and intractable hiccups. However, there is no consistent conclusion so far. The aim of our research is to investigate the safeties and effectiveness of acupuncture in treating patients with persistent and intractable hiccups. METHODS: We will search randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using acupuncture therapy to treat persistent and intractable hiccups in the following 6 English electronic databases and 3 Chinese electronic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Allied and Alternative Medicine (AMED), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP) and Wanfang data. The cure rate and the total effective rate will be considered as the primary outcomes. Complete cessation within a given period post-treatment of hiccups, changes in frequency or intensity of hiccups, concomitant symptom score, and adverse events will be considered as secondary outcomes. We will use Endnote software 9.1 for studies selection, Review Manager software 5.3, and STATA 13.0 software for analysis and synthesis. RESULTS: we will synthesize current studies to evaluate the the safeties and effectiveness of acupuncture for persistent and intractable hiccups. CONCLUSION: Our study will provide evidence of acupuncture therapy for persistent and intractable hiccups.

11.
Arch Microbiol ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690974

RESUMO

Vibrio parahemolyticus is a halophilic bacterium which causes widespread seafood poisoning pathogenicity. Although the incidence of disease caused by V. parahemolyticus was stepwise increased, the pathogenic mechanism remained unclear. Herein, the difference of V. parahemolyticus's metabonomic which on blood agar and seawater beef extract peptone medium was detected via nuclear magnetic resonance and 55 metabolites were identified. Among them, 40 kinds of metabolites were upregulated in blood agar group, and 12 kinds were downregulated. Nine pathways were verified by enrichment analysis which were predicted involved in amino acids and protein synthesis, energy metabolism, DNA and RNA synthesis and DNA damage repair. We supposed that the metabolic pathway obtained from this study is related to V. parahemolyticus pathogenicity and our findings will aid in the identification of alternative targets or strategies to treat V. parahemolyticus-caused disease.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710580

RESUMO

Phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (PCA) is the primary active component in the newly registered, commercial biopesticide "Shenqinmycin" and is produced during fermentation by the engineered rhizobacterium strain Pseudomonas PA1201. Both phz1 and phz2 gene clusters contribute to PCA biosynthesis. In this study, we evaluated the role of OxyR in the regulation of PCA biosynthesis in PA1201. We first showed a functional link between oxyR expression and PCA biosynthesis. Deletion of oxyR and overexpression of oxyR both increase PCA biosynthesis. The molecular mechanisms underlying OxyR regulation of PCA production were investigated using several approaches.OxyR acts divergently in phz1 and phz2. Over-expression of oxyR activated the expression of phz1 and phz1-dependent PCA production. However, overexpression of oxyR had little effect on phz2-dependent PCA biosynthesis, while deletion of oxyR promoted phz2-dependent PCA production and exerted a negative effect on phz2 expression. Further, OxyR directly bound to the phz2 promoter region. In addition, the regulation of PCA biosynthesis by OxyR was associated with quorum sensing (QS) systems. Overexpression of OxyR positively regulated pqs QS system. Finally, transcriptomic analysis and subsequent genetic analysis revealed the small RNA phrS plays a key role in OxyR-dependent PCA accumulation. Specifically, OxyR directly binds to the phrS promoter region to positively regulate phrS expression wherein PhrS regulates the PCA positive regulator MvfR in order to control PCA biosynthesis.

13.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 37: 101480, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706165

RESUMO

We report a case of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) with complete loss of vision in the left eye in a patient who was not satisfied with the effect of methylprednisolone therapy, which was improved by HA280 immunoadsorption (IA) therapy. HA280 is a relatively cheaper IA column (made in China) often used in the treatment of rheumatoid immune-related diseases. HA280 can effectively remove inflammatory markers in serum. However, whether the HA280 IA column is suitable for NMOSD is unknown. This case suggests that the HA280 IA column has a potential therapeutic effect on NMOSD and may be an alternative treatment for steroid-resistant NMOSD. There may be therapeutic targets other than anti-AQP4 antibody. Identifying the inflammatory substances that could be removed to contribute to NMOSD recovery is worthy of further study, and the results could provide new ideas for acute NMOSD treatment. Moreover, the HA280 IA column is relatively cheap and allows lower-income families to use it.

14.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(12): 152707, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727500

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the anti-tumor effects of naringin in thyroid cancer (TC), and to explore the underlying mechanisms. TC cell lines TPC-1 and SW1736 were treated with 6, 12 or 25 µg/ml naringin for indicated times. Then, cell proliferation was determined using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, and cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometer. Moreover, cell proliferation and apoptosis related genes (cyclin D1, c-Myc, survivin, Caspase3, Bcl-2, and Bax) were measured by western blot assay and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) respectively. Cleaved Caspase3 was measured using western blot assay. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway was also analyzed in this study. Results indicated that naringin dose- and time-dependently inhibited TPC-1 and SW1736 cell proliferation, and naringin dose-dependently induced TPC-1 and SW1736 cell apoptosis. In addition, we found that naringin dose-dependently enhanced the expression of Caspase3, cleaved Caspase3 and Bax, and reduced the expression of cyclin D1, c-Myc, survivin, and Bcl-2 in TPC-1 and SW1736 cells. Moreover, we found that naringin dose-dependently suppressed PI3K/AKT pathway activation in TC cells. In conclusion, the data of this study suggested that naringin presented anti-tumor effects in TC cells through inhibiting TC cell proliferation and inducing cell apoptosis via regulating the expression of cell proliferation and apoptosis related genes and PI3K/AKT pathway activation. Our study suggested the potential value of naringin in the treatment of TC and provided more theoretical evidence for the treatment of TC.

15.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675150

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Elekta XVI 5.0 allows for four-dimensional cone beam computed tomography (4D CBCT) image acquisition during treatment delivery to monitor intrafraction motion. These images can have poorer image quality due to undersampling of kV projections and treatment beam MV scatter effects. We determine if a universal intrafraction preset can be used for stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) lung patients and validate the accuracy of target motion characterized by XVI intrafraction 4D CBCT. METHODS: The most critical parameter within the intrafraction preset is the nominal AcquisitionInterval, which controls kV imaging acquisition frequency. An optimal value was determined by maximizing the kV frame number acquired up to 1000 frames, typical of pretreatment 4D CBCT. CIRS motion phantom intrafraction phase images for 16 SBRT beams were obtained. Mean target position, time-weighted standard deviation, and amplitude for these images as well as target motion for three SBRT lung patients were compared to respective pretreatment 4D CBCTs. Evaluation of intrafraction 4D CBCT reconstruction revealed inclusion of MV only images acquired to remove MV scatter effects. A workaround to remove these images was developed. RESULTS: AcquisitionInterval of 0.1°/frame was optimal. The number of kV frames acquired was 567-1116 and showed strong linear correlation with beam monitor unit (MUs). Phantom target motion accuracy was excellent with average differences in target position, standard deviation and amplitude range of ≤0.5 mm. Target tracking for SBRT patients also showed good agreement. Evaluation of phase sorting wave forms showed that inclusion of MV only images significantly impacts intrafraction image reconstruction for patients and use of workaround is necessary. CONCLUSIONS: A universal intrafraction imaging preset can be used safely for SBRT lung patients. The number of kV projections with MV delivery parameters varies; however images with fewer kV projections still provided accurate target position information. Impact of the reconstruction workaround was significant and is mandated for all 4D CBCT intrafraction imaging performed at our institution.

16.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preoperative estimation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence after conventional transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (c-TACE) is crucial for subsequent follow-up and therapy decisions. PURPOSE: To evaluate the associations of radiomics models based on pretreatment contrast-enhanced MRI, a clinical-radiological model and a combined model with the recurrence-free survival (RFS) of patients with HCC after c-TACE, and to develop a radiomics nomogram for individual RFS estimations and risk stratification. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: In all, 184 consecutive HCC patients. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 1.5T or 3.0T, including T2 WI, T1 WI, and contrast-enhanced T1 WI. ASSESSMENT: All HCC patients were randomly divided into the training (n = 110) and validation datasets (n = 74). Radiomics signatures capturing intratumoral and peritumoral expansion (1, 3, and 5 mm) were constructed, and the radiomics models were set up using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression. Clinical-radiological features were identified by univariate and multivariate Cox regression. The clinical-radiological model and the combined model fusing the radiomics signature with the clinical-radiological risk factors were developed by a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model. A radiomics nomogram derived from the combined model was established. STATISTICAL TESTS: LASSO Cox regression, univariate and multivariate Cox regression, Kaplan-Meier analysis were performed. The discrimination performance of each model was quantified by the C-index. RESULTS: Among the different peritumoral expansion models, only the 3-mm peritumoral expansion model (C-index, 0.714) showed a comparable performance (P = 0.4087) to that of the portal venous phase intratumoral model (C-index, 0.727). The combined model showed the best performance and the C-index was 0.802. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the cutoff values of the combined model relative to a median value (1.7426) perfectly stratified these patients into high-risk and low-risk subgroups. DATA CONCLUSION: The combined model is more valuable than the clinical-radiological model or radiomics model alone for evaluating the RFS of HCC patients after c-TACE, and the radiomics nomogram can be used to preoperatively and individually estimate RFS. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Technical Efficacy Stage: 4 J. MAGN. RESON. IMAGING 2019.

17.
Cancer Sci ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710406

RESUMO

This study was designed to evaluate the dynamic survival and recurrence of remnant gastric cancer (RGC) after radical resection and to provide a reference for the development of personalized follow-up strategies. A total of 298 patients were analysed for their 3-year conditional overall survival (COS3), 3-year conditional disease-specific survival (CDSS3), corresponding recurrence and pattern changes, and associated risk factors. The 5-year OS and the 5-year DSS of the entire cohort were 41.2% and 45.8%, respectively. The COS3 and CDDS3 of RGC patients who survived for 5 years were 84.0% and 89.8%, respectively. The conditional survival in patients with unfavourable prognostic characteristics showed greater growth over time than in those with favourable prognostic characteristics (e.g., COS3, ≥T3: 46.4%-83.0%, Δ36.6% vs. ≤T2: 82.4%-85.7%, Δ3.3%; p<0.001). Most recurrences (93.5%) occurred in the first 3 years after surgery. The AJCC stage was the only factor that affected recurrence. Time-dependent Cox regression showed that for both OS and DSS, after 4 years of survival, the common prognostic factors that were initially judged lost their ability to predict survival (p >0.05). Time-dependent logistic regression analysis showed that the AJCC stage independently affected recurrence within two years after surgery (p < 0.05). A postoperative follow-up model was developed for RGC patients. In conclusion, patients with RGC usually have a high likelihood of death or recurrence within 3 years after radical surgery. we developed a postoperative follow-up model for RGC patients of different stages, which may affect the design of future clinical trials.

18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(23)2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775240

RESUMO

A hexagonal photonic crystal fiber (PCF) sensor with a dual optofluidic channel based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect is proposed. The sensor characteristic is numerically explored by software integrated with the finite element method (FEM). The numerical results show that, when the analyte refractive index (RI) varies from 1.32 to 1.38, high linearity between resonance wavelength and analyte RI is obtained and the value of adjusted R2 is up to 0.9993. Simultaneously, the proposed sensor has maximum wavelength sensitivity (WS) of 5500 nm/RIU and maximum amplitude sensitivity (AS) of 150 RIU-1, with an RI resolution of 1.82 × 10-5 RIU. Besides, owing to a simple structure and good tolerance of the proposed sensor, it can be easily fabricated by means of existing technology. The proposed sensor suggests promising applications in oil detection, temperature measurement, water quality monitoring, bio-sensing, and food safety.

19.
ACS Nano ; 13(11): 12894-12900, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693338

RESUMO

We present a combined experimental and theoretical study of monolayer vanadium ditelluride, VTe2, grown on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite by molecular-beam epitaxy. Using various in situ microscopic and spectroscopic techniques, including scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy, synchrotron X-ray and angle-resolved photoemission, and X-ray absorption, together with theoretical analysis by density functional theory calculations, we demonstrate direct evidence of the metallic 1T phase and 3d1 electronic configuration in monolayer VTe2 that also features a (4 × 4) charge density wave order at low temperatures. In contrast to previous theoretical predictions, our element-specific characterization by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism rules out a ferromagnetic order intrinsic to the monolayer. Our findings provide essential knowledge necessary for understanding this interesting yet less explored metallic monolayer in the emerging family of van der Waals magnets.

20.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678273

RESUMO

Zinc finger protein 382 (ZNF382), a member of the Krüppel-associated box zinc finger proteins (KRAB-ZFPs) family, plays critical roles in regulating certain downstream genes expression as a transcription inhibitor. ZNF382 is downregulated in multiple tumors due to hypermethylation of its promoter, to be more specific, methylation of promoter CpG island may contributes to inhibition of gene expression as found in many studies. With application of DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) 5-azacytidine and 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine, hypomethylation of ZNF382 gene may contribute to anti-tumor effects. This review summerized the structure, biological functions, expression and the roles of ZNF382 in multiple cancers, and, expression of ZNF382 regulated by promoter methylation was further discussed to show the possibilities of DNA hypomethylation treatment as a potential treatment in clinical applications.

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