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1.
Mycoses ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829465

RESUMO

Sporotrichosis is endemic in Jilin Province of Northeast China. While paediatric cases make a substantial contribution to the epidemiological profile of sporotrichosis, the differences in the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of sporotrichosis between paediatric and adult patients remain unclear. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 2968 cases of sporotrichosis (2113 adult patients aged ≥ 15 years and 855 paediatric patients aged < 15 years) over a nine-year period (01/01/2010-31/12/2018-). All the patients were diagnosed with sporotrichosis based on fungal culture of material from a skin lesion. In paediatric patients, the male:female ratio was 1.3:1, the incidence of sporotrichosis in the cold seasons was high (79.0%), most lesions occurred in the facial region (92.2%), and there was a preponderance of fixed cutaneous sporotrichosis (86.8%). In adult patients, the male:female ratio was 1:2.4, the incidence of sporotrichosis in the cold seasons was 66.0%, most lesions affected the extremities (48.6%) and the face (44.9%), and fixed cutaneous sporotrichosis was common (69.3%). The results indicate there were significant differences in the distribution of paediatric and adult sporotrichosis patients by sex, season with the highest occurrence of sporotrichosis, lesion sites and clinical types. Our results suggest that the epidemiology and clinical manifestations between paediatric and adult patients were different, and the route of infection of sporotrichosis in children may differ from that of adults in Jilin Province.

2.
Cancer Sci ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710406

RESUMO

The present study was designed to evaluate the dynamic survival and recurrence of remnant gastric cancer (RGC) after radical resection and to provide a reference for the development of personalized follow-up strategies. A total of 298 patients were analyzed for their 3-year conditional overall survival (COS3), 3-year conditional disease-specific survival (CDSS3), corresponding recurrence and pattern changes, and associated risk factors. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and the 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) of the entire cohort were 41.2% and 45.8%, respectively. The COS3 and CDDS3 of RGC patients who survived for 5 years were 84.0% and 89.8%, respectively. The conditional survival in patients with unfavorable prognostic characteristics showed greater growth over time than in those with favorable prognostic characteristics (eg, COS3, ≥T3: 46.4%-83.0%, Δ36.6% vs ≤T2: 82.4%-85.7%, Δ3.3%; P < 0.001). Most recurrences (93.5%) occurred in the first 3 years after surgery. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage was the only factor that affected recurrence. Time-dependent Cox regression showed that for both OS and DSS, after 4 years of survival, the common prognostic factors that were initially judged lost their ability to predict survival (P > 0.05). Time-dependent logistic regression analysis showed that the AJCC stage independently affected recurrence within 2 years after surgery (P < 0.05). A postoperative follow-up model was developed for RGC patients. In conclusion, patients with RGC usually have a high likelihood of death or recurrence within 3 years after radical surgery. We developed a postoperative follow-up model for RGC patients of different stages, which may affect the design of future clinical trials.

3.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(9): 951-964, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486601

RESUMO

AIMS: The objective of this study was to analyze the efficacy of polypyrrole/polylactic acid (PPy/PLA) nanofibrous scaffold cotransplanted with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in promoting the functional recovery in a rat spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 18/group): control group, PPy/PLA group, and PPy/PLA/BMSCs group. The SCI was induced in all rats. Consequently, rats in PPy/PLA/BMSCs group were transplanted with 1 × 105 BMSCs after implantation of PPy/PLA, while those in the PPy/PLA group were implanted with PPy/PLA only; no implantation was performed in the control group. Six weeks after surgery, immunofluorescence microscopy, electron microscope, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques were performed to assess the changes in the injured spinal cord tissues. RESULTS: Electrophysiology and locomotor function testing suggested that PPy/PLA nanofibrous scaffold cotransplanted with BMSCs could promote the functional recovery of the spinal cord. Six weeks after the operation, lower amount of scar tissue was found in the PPy/PLA group compared with the control group. Abundant neurofilament (NF) and neuron-specific marker (NeuN) positive staining, and myelin formations were detected in the injured area. In addition, the transplantation of BMSCs not only improved the efficacy of PPy/PLA but also managed to survive well and was differentiated into neural and neuroglial cells. CONCLUSIONS: The implantation of PPy/PLA nanofibrous scaffold and BMSCs has a great potential to restore the electrical conduction and to promote functional recovery by inhibiting the scar tissue formation, promoting axon regeneration, and bridging the gap lesion.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients make a substantial contribution to the epidemiologic profile of sporotrichosis in Jilin Province, a region of China in which the disease is strongly endemic. However, the exact epidemiologic and clinical manifestations of childhood sporotrichosis in China are unclear. METHODS: The medical records of 704 pediatric patients aged <15 years with sporotrichosis diagnosed by fungus culture at the Department of Dermatology at the First Hospital of Jilin University in a 7-year period (January 2010 to December 2016) were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were from rural areas of Jilin Province, located in northeast China. RESULTS: Among the 704 pediatric patients, the male/female ratio was 1.41:1, and the highest incidence of sporotrichosis (63%) occurred in those aged 0 to 6 years; 561 patients (80%) contracted sporotrichosis in a colder month. Overall, 655 (93%) patients had lesions in the facial region, whereas 602 (86%) patients had fixed cutaneous sporotrichosis. The incidence of the fixed cutaneous form in the 0- to 6-year age group was significantly higher than that in the 7- to 14-year age group (P = .009). Patients were treated with 10% potassium iodide solution, itraconazole, or terbinafine. CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics of pediatric sporotrichosis in Jilin Provence include the following: (1) a more frequent occurrence in the colder months; (2) the facial region is affected predominantly, in most cases manifesting in the fixed cutaneous form; and (3) significantly more cases occur in younger children than in older ones. Decaying cornstalks used as fire materials might be the source of infection in this population; however, additional research is needed to explore the exact mechanism of infection.

5.
Surgery ; 166(3): 314-321, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Examined lymph node counts of remnant gastric cancer patients are often insufficient, and the prognostic ability of tumor-node-metastasis staging is therefore limited. This study aimed to create a simple and universally applicable prediction model for RGC patients after completion of gastrectomy. METHODS: A 5-year overall survival prediction model for remnant gastric cancer patients was developed using a test dataset of 148 consecutive patients. Model coefficients were obtained based on the Cox analysis of clinicopathological factors. Prognostic performance was assessed with the concordance index (C-index) and decision curve analysis. For internal validation, the bootstrap method and calibration assessment were used. The model was validated using 2 external cohorts from China (First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, n = 46) and the United States (Mayo Clinic, n = 20). RESULTS: Depth of tumor invasion, number of metastatic lymph nodes, distant metastasis, and operative time were independent prognostic factors. Our model's C-index (0.761) showed better discriminatory power than that of the eighth tumor-node-metastasis staging system (0.714, P = .001). The model calibration was accurate at predicting 5-year survival. Decision curve analysis showed that the model had a greater benefit, and the results were also confirmed by bootstrap internal validation. In external validation, the C-index and decision curve analysis showed good prognostic performances in patient datasets from 2 participating institutions. Moreover, we verified the reliability of the model in an analysis of patients with different examined lymph node counts (>15 or ≤15). CONCLUSION: Utilizing clinically practical information, we developed a universally applicable prediction model for accurately determining the 5-year overall survival of remnant gastric cancer patients after completion of gastrectomy. Our predictive model outperformed tumor-node-metastasis staging in diverse international datasets regardless of examined lymph node counts.


Assuntos
Coto Gástrico/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Idoso , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Estatísticos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
6.
J Oncol ; 2019: 6012826, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093283

RESUMO

Background: Remnant gastric cancer (RGC) is a rare malignant tumor with poor prognosis. There is no universally accepted prognostic model for RGC. Methods: We analyzed data for 253 RGC patients who underwent radical gastrectomy from 6 centers. The prognosis prediction performances of the AJCC7th and AJCC8th TNM staging systems and the TRM staging system for RGC patients were evaluated. Web-based prediction models based on independent prognostic factors were developed to predict the survival of the RGC patients. External validation was performed using a cohort of 49 Chinese patients. Results: The predictive abilities of the AJCC8th and TRM staging systems were no better than those of the AJCC7th staging system (c-index: AJCC7th vs. AJCC8th vs. TRM, 0.743 vs. 0.732 vs. 0.744; P>0.05). Within each staging system, the survival of the two adjacent stages was not well discriminated (P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that age, tumor size, T stage, and N stage were independent prognostic factors. Based on the above variables, we developed 3 web-based prediction models, which were superior to the AJCC7th staging system in their discriminatory ability (c-index), predictive homogeneity (likelihood ratio chi-square), predictive accuracy (AIC, BIC), and model stability (time-dependent ROC curves). External validation showed predictable accuracies of 0.780, 0.822, and 0.700, respectively, in predicting overall survival, disease-specific survival, and disease-free survival. Conclusions: The AJCC TNM staging system and the TRM staging system did not enable good distinction among the RGC patients. We have developed and validated visual web-based prediction models that are superior to these staging systems.

7.
Environ Sci Technol ; 52(8): 4650-4657, 2018 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29600707

RESUMO

Primitive processing of e-waste potentially releases abundant organic contaminants to the environment, but the magnitudes and mechanisms remain to be adequately addressed. We conducted thermal treatment and open burning of typical e-wastes, that is, plastics and printed circuit boards. Emission factors of the sum of 39 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (∑39PBDE) were 817-1.60 × 105 ng g-1 in thermal treatment and nondetected-9.14 × 104 ng g-1, in open burning. Airborne particles (87%) were the main carriers of PBDEs, followed by residual ashes (13%) and gaseous constituents (0.3%), in thermal treatment, while they were 30%, 43% and 27% in open burning. The output-input mass ratios of ∑39PBDE were 0.12-3.76 in thermal treatment and 0-0.16 in open burning. All PBDEs were largely affiliated with fine particles, with geometric mean diameters at 0.61-0.83 µm in thermal degradation and 0.57-1.16 µm in open burning from plastic casings, and 0.44-0.56 and nondetected- 0.55 µm, from printed circuit boards. Evaporation and reabsorption may be the main emission mechanisms for lightly brominated BDEs, but heavily brominated BDEs tend to affiliate with particles from heating or combustion. The different size distributions of particulate PBDEs in emission sources and adjacent air implicated a noteworthy redisposition process during atmospheric dispersal.


Assuntos
Resíduo Eletrônico , Éteres Difenil Halogenados , China , Poeira , Monitoramento Ambiental , Plásticos
8.
Neural Regen Res ; 11(10): 1644-1652, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27904497

RESUMO

Polypyrrole (PPy) is a biocompatible polymer with good conductivity. Studies combining PPy with electrospinning have been reported; however, the associated decrease in PPy conductivity has not yet been resolved. We embedded PPy into poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanofibers via electrospinning and fabricated a PLA/PPy nanofibrous scaffold containing 15% PPy with sustained conductivity and aligned topography. There was good biocompatibility between the scaffold and human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells as well as Schwann cells. Additionally, the direction of cell elongation on the scaffold was parallel to the direction of fibers. Our findings suggest that the aligned PLA/PPy nanofibrous scaffold is a promising biomaterial for peripheral nerve regeneration.

9.
Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 21(6): 507-12, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26156194

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the short-term efficacy and quality of life (QOL) of patients with achalasia after peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). METHODS: Thirty-five achalasia patients underwent POEM from May 2013 to December 2013. The data on clinical evaluation and QOL before therapy, at 1 month and 6 months postoperation were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: All the thirty-five patients underwent POEM successfully. By comparing the data of the preoperative with that of 1 month and 6 months after POEM respectively, we found that: mean Eckardt score decreased (6.83 vs 0.51, 6.83 vs 0.46, all P <0.05), esophagus diameter reduced (47.97 mm vs 32.00 mm, 47.97 mm vs 28.50 mm, all P <0.05), and esophageal manometry declined (29.5 mmHg vs 11.5 mmHg, 29.5 mmHg vs 10.3 mmHg, all P <0.05). Complications occurred in 14.3% (5/35) of the cases, and no recurrence was observed. At each time point, postoperative QOL scores were higher than those of preoperative (P <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: POEM is safe and effective for treating achalasia in the short-term, it can relieve clinic symptoms as well as improve patients' QOL.


Assuntos
Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Acalasia Esofágica/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Esôfago/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Manometria , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 32(4): 495-500, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25950113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of infantile hemangiomas (IHs) and the safety and efficacy of the long-pulse 1,064-nm neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser for definitive treatment of IHs in 794 Chinese patients. METHODS: Infants with hemangiomas who had received long-pulse 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser treatment in our department in the last 5 years were recruited. Demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded and outcomes of long-pulse 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser treatment were assessed. Statistical analyses were performed to identify factors that affected the efficacy of treatment. RESULTS: The efficacy of long-pulse 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser for the treatment of IHs in all patients in our study was 87.57%. Efficacy did not depend on sex or the location of the lesion. Older age and superficial hemangioma were the primary factors contributing to greater efficacy of long-pulse 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser treatment for IHs. The most common side effects were pigment changes, skin atrophy, and wrinkled redundant skin, which usually resolved spontaneously within 1 to 3 years. CONCLUSIONS: Long-pulse 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser is a safe and efficacious treatment for IHs.


Assuntos
Hemangioma Capilar/radioterapia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Neoplasias Cutâneas/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Cosmet Laser Ther ; 16(6): 279-83, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25060356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long-pulsed 1064-nm Nd: YAG laser is effective for treating port-wine stain (PWS). This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of Nd: YAG laser in treating PWS in Chinese patients. METHODS: A retrospective study of 130 PWS patients treated with long-pulsed 1064-nm Nd: YAG laser from 2009 to 2011. RESULTS: After treatment, 2, 15, 64, and 19 percent of patients experienced < 25%, 25-49%, 50-75%, and > 75% lesion clearance, respectively. Purple lesions showed more significant improvement than pink lesions. The initial response was blistering, dark gray coloration, or light gray coloration, the best improvement occurred in 100% (27/27), 82.5% (52/63), and 72.5% (29/40), respectively. Patients older than 20 years showed the best improvement (37/38, 97.4%), followed by those 10-20 years old (20/24, 83.3%), 1-9 years old (23/29, 79.3%) and less than 1 year old (28/39, 71.8%). Patients with neck lesions had the best outcome (47/48, 97.9%), followed by those with lesions on the face (43/53, 81.2%), extremities (13/18, 72.2%), and trunk (5/11, 45.5%). The common adverse side effects were blistering and pigment changes. CONCLUSIONS: 1064-nm Nd: YAG laser is effective and safe for the treatment of PWS. The efficacy is affected by the age of the patient, the color and location of the lesions, and immediate responses to the laser.


Assuntos
Face , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Pescoço , Mancha Vinho do Porto/radioterapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Técnicas Cosméticas/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Lasers de Estado Sólido/efeitos adversos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 22(4): 221-5, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20398466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and histamine-2 receptor antagonist (H(2)RA) in intensive care unit patients for stress ulcer prophylaxis. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE (1966 to March 2009), Ebsco and CNKI was made. Two reviewers were assigned to assess the quality of studies and extracted data independently. Six items were evaluated for each trial (patient selection, patient characteristics, randomization, blinding, definition of bleeding and of pneumonia). Disagreements were resolved through discussion. RevMan 4.2.2 software developed by the cochrane collaboration was used for Meta-analysis. RESULTS: Four series of clinical use involving 771 patients were included. Meta-analysis showed that the incidence of clinically significant bleeding was significantly lower in the PPI group (2.2% vs. 6.8%) as compared to H(2)RA group [odds ratio (OR) 0.45, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.21 to 0.96, P=0.04]. There was no significant difference of the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia (10.0% vs. 9.9%, OR 1.03, 95%CI 0.63 to 1.70, P=0.89) and mortality (14.5% vs. 14.3%,OR 1.17, 95%CI 0.76 to 1.80, P=0.47) between two groups. CONCLUSION: In comparison with H(2)RA, PPI is more effective in the prevention of stress ulcer bleeding (SUB) in patients under intensive care. There is no significant difference in the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia and mortality between two groups. There were very few randomized controlled clinical trials on prevention of stress ulcer, and these findings were based on a small number of patients, therefore a steadfast conclusion cannot presently be reached. More randomized, multicenter studies with sufficient sample size are warranted.


Assuntos
Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos H2/uso terapêutico , Úlcera Péptica/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Antiulcerosos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Úlcera Péptica/etiologia , Úlcera Péptica Hemorrágica/prevenção & controle
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