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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365756

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of occupational exposure to non-steady state noise on hearing loss in the general equipment manufacturing industry, and to explore the feasibility of applying kurtosis index to evaluate hearing loss caused by non-steady state noise. Methods: A total of 233 workers exposed to non-steady state noise in 6 general equipment manufacturing enterprises were selected as the observation group, and 237 workers exposed to steady noise in 4 textile enterprises were selected as the control group between 2012 and 2018. Personal normalized continuous A-weighted sound pressure level equivalent to an 8 h-working-day (L(Aeq, 8 h)) was determined by a noise dosimeter. Cumulation noise exposure (CNE) was calculated from L(Aeq, 8 h) and related working age, and the CNE was adjusted by using noise kurtosis (CNE' after adjustment) . Meanwhile, questionnaires and hearing loss tests were performed for all subjects. The changes in the threshold of high-frequency hearing and the incidence of high-frequency hearing loss caused by noise in the two groups were compared before and after the adjustment of the kurtosis of CNE. The correlation between CNE and the incidence of high-frequency hearing loss before and after kurtosis adjustment was analyzed. Results: There was an difference between the 3000-8000 Hz hearing threshold of workers in different CNE groups (P<0.05) . logistic regression analysis showed that CNE was a risk factor of high-frequency hearing loss for workers in the observation group (OR=1.189, P<0.05) , and trend Chi-square test showed that the incidence of high-frequency hearing loss increased with CNE levels (χ(2)(trend)=34.415, P<0.05) .Before the kurtosis adjustment, in the CNE 95~<110 dB (A) ·year level group, the incidence of high-frequency hearing loss and the high-frequency hearing threshold in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) . After kurtosis adjustment, there was no significant difference in the incidence of high-frequency hearing loss between the observation group and the control group in each level group (P>0.05) . The correlation between CNE after kurtosis adjustment and the incidence of high-frequency hearing loss was better than that before adjustment (after R(2) adjustment >before R(2) adjustment) . Conclusion: The effect of non-steady state noise on high-frequency hearing loss of workers in general equipment industry increases with the increase of CNE, and the effect of non-steady state noise on high-frequency hearing loss of workers is greater than that of steady noise. CNE' can be used to evaluate the hearing loss caused by non-steady state noise.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Exposição Ocupacional , Perda Auditiva de Alta Frequência , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/epidemiologia , Humanos , Indústria Manufatureira , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365757

RESUMO

Objective: To analyse the dose-response relationships between the kurtosis metric of noise and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and study the role of kurtosis in the evaluation of NIHL associated with non-Gaussian noise. Methods: From January 2012 to December 2017, a total of 1869 workers in seven manufacturing industries were selected as the study subjects. The basic data of the workers were investigated by questionnaire, personal noise waveform was collected for a long time, and pure tone hearing threshold was tested. The 8-hour continuous equivalent A sound level (L(Aeq, 8 h)) , cumulative noise exposure (CNE) and kurtosis structure indexes were calculated. The dose-response relationships between kurtosis and NIHL were analyzed by stratification analysis method, which controlled the influence of CNE, L(Aeq, 8 h), exposure duration, age and sex on hearing loss using high-frequency noise-induced permanent threshold shift (NIPTS(346)) and high-frequency noise-induced hearing loss (HFNIHL) as outcome indicators. Results: When CNE was <90 dB (A) ·year and ≥100 dB (A) ·year, NIPTS(346) in the extremely high kurtosis group was significantly greater than that in the Gaussian kurtosis, low kurtosis and medium kurtosis group (P<0.05) . In the workers exposed to L(Aeq, 8 h)<85 dB (A) and ≥94 dB (A) , NIPTS(346) in the extremely high kurtosis group was significantly greater than that in the Gaussian kurtosis group (P<0.05) . Among workers under the age of 50 or male workers, NIPTS(346) in the extremely high kurtosis group was significantly greater than that in the Gaussian kurtosis, low kurtosis and medium kurtosis group (P<0.05) . Kurtosis was positively correlated with NIPTS(346) (r=0.121, P<0.05) . When CNE was <100 dB (A) ·year, the detection rate of HFNIHL increased with the increase of kurtosis level (P<0.01) . Logistic regression analysis showed that kurtosis was an important influencing factor for HFNIHL (OR=1.321) . Conclusion: Kurtosis has a dose-response relationship with the detection rate of HFNIHL in noise exposed workers, and noise kurtosis is an influencing factor of NIHL.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Exposição Ocupacional , Audição , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Indústria Manufatureira , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365760

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the occupational noise exposure characteristics and distribution of workers in wood furniture manufacturing industry and textile industry, so as to provide the basis for the establishment of noise source database and the prevention and control of noise hazards in China. Methods: In March 2020, a total of 653 workers in wood furniture manufacturing industry and textile industry were selected by cluster sampling method. A general questionnaire survey was conducted to measure the characteristics of noise exposure and analyze the changes of 8 h equivalent A-level (L(Aeq, 8 h)) and kurtosis of different industries and types of work. Results: The noise exposure L(Aeq, 8 h) of workers was (91.2±6.9) dB (A) , the median kurtosis and mean kurtosis were 37.0 and 105.0, respectively. 84.1% (549/653) of the workers had L(Aeq, 8 h)≥85 dB (A) , 49.0% (320/653) and 68.5% (447/653) of the workers had median kurtosis and mean kurtosis >10. The L(Aeq, 8 h) level of the textile industry was higher than that of the wooden furniture manufacturing industry, while the median and mean of kurtosis levels of the textile industry was lower than the wooden furniture manufacturing industry (P<0.01) . The L(Aeq, 8 h) levels of spinners and weavers were higher, and the median and mean of kurtosis of nailers were higher (P<0.05) . The mean and median of kurtosis were highly correlated among workers of two industries (r=0.80, P<0.01) . The L(Aeq, 8 h) was positively correlated with mean and median of kurtosis among workers of wooden furniture manufacturing industry (r=0.33 and 0.35, P<0.01) , while it was negatively correlated with mean and median of kurtosis among workers of textile industry (r=-0.45 and -0.40, P<0.01) . Conclusion: Indicators for noise exposure characteristics, such as L(Aeq, 8 h) and kurtosis vary greatly by industries and type of works. Multi-indicator joint measurement is conducive to comprehensive assessment of noise exposure and its health effects.


Assuntos
Ruído Ocupacional , Exposição Ocupacional , Humanos , Decoração de Interiores e Mobiliário , Indústria Manufatureira , Indústria Têxtil
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(5): 2158, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755947

RESUMO

We detected some serious inaccuracies and mistakes. Therefore, the article "Long non-coding RNA LINP1 promotes the malignant progression of prostate cancer by regulating p53, by H.-F. Wu, L.-G. Ren, J.-Q. Xiao, Y. Zhang, X.-W. Mao, L.-F. Zhou, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018; 22 (14): 4467-4476-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201807_15498-PMID: 30058678" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/15498.

5.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 854-859, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120488

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the predictive value of complement and coagulation indicators in sepsis related acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods: Clinical data of 217 patients with sepsis admitted to the Department of Internal Medicine and Intensive Care Unit of Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University from January 2018 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into sepsis with AKI group and without AKI group. Laboratory indicators of all patients were collected, including complement C3, complement C4, activated partial thrombin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), international normalized ratio (INR), D-dimer, procalcitonin(PCT), etc. logistic regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors of sepsis related AKI. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the predictive value of independent risk factors. Results: Among 217 patients, 120 patients developed sepsis related AKI and 97 patients didn't. PCT, lactic acid, PT, APTT, INR and D-dimer in AKI patients were significantly higher than those without AKI (P<0.01). Complement C3 and complement C4 were significantly lower in AKI group (P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that blood pressure<90/60 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)(OR=3.705, 95%CI 1.536-8.934,P=0.004), increased lactic acid (OR=1.479, 95%CI 1.089-2.008, P=0.012), decreased complement C3 (OR=0.027, 95%CI 0.005-0.152, P<0.001) and prolonged APTT (OR=1.090, 95%CI 1.047-1.137,P<0.001)were independent risk factors predicting AKI. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of these multivariates were 0.741 (95%CI 0.675-0.807), 0.798 (95%CI 0.732-0.864), 0.712 (95%CI 0.643-0.781) and 0.716 (95%CI 0.648-0.783) respectively. The relevant sensitivity was 57.5%, 80.8%, 87.5%, 59.2%, and the specificity was 90.7%, 75.3%, 51.5%, 77.3%, respectively. The AUC of the combined four indicators was 0.880 (95%CI 0.835-0.926) with the sensitivity 75.0% and the specificity 90.7%. Conclusion: The low level of complement C3 and prolonged APTT predict sepsis related AKI, and the predictive value can be enhanced if hypotension and hyperlactacidemia are added.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Coagulação Sanguínea , Complemento C3/análise , Sepse , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , China , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pró-Calcitonina , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sepse/complicações
7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(19): 8186-8193, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether microRNA-421 could participate in the proliferative, migratory and inflammatory changes of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis by targeting SPRY1. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expressions of microRNA-421 and SPRY1 in synovial tissues and FLS were detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot, respectively. The binding condition between microRNA-421 and SPRY1 was verified by the Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay. MicroRNA-421 mimics and inhibitor were constructed and transfected. The levels of extracellular interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, and COX2 in FLS after microRNA-421 mimics or inhibitor transfection were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The regulatory effect of microRNA-421 on the proliferation and migration of FLS was detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and transwell assay, respectively. Furthermore, collagen-induced RA mouse model was constructed to confirm the specific effect of microRNA-421 on regulating RA development. RESULTS: MicroRNA-421 was highly expressed in the synovial tissues of RA patients. SPRY1 expression in FLS was negatively regulated by microRNA-421. Moreover, the overexpression of microRNA-421 significantly promoted proliferative, invasive potentials and inflammatory response of FLS. In vivo, RA mouse model indicated that downregulated microRNA-421 and upregulated SPRY1 were observed in mice injected with cortisone and microRNA-421 inhibitor when compared with those of controls. CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-421 promotes the inflammatory response of fibroblast-like synoviocytes in rheumatoid arthritis by downregulating the SPRY1 expression.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Sinoviócitos/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-1/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos DBA , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
8.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 607-615, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422631

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of hybrid operation suite in the treatment of cerebral and spinal vascular diseases and intracranial hypervascular tumors. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 132 patients with various cerebral and spinal vascular diseases and intracranial hypervascular tumors who were treated by hybrid surgery at Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital from October 2016 to December 2017.There were 70 male and 62 female patients with a mean age of 48.33 years (range: 14-78 years), including 64 cases of intracranial aneurysm (41 complicated aneurysm cases), 28 cases of brain arteriovenous malformation (BAVM), 12 cases of hypervascular tumor, 12 cases of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), 6 cases of carotid artery stenosis, 5 cases of Moyamoya disease, 3 cases of intracranial aneurysm or BAVM combined with tumor, 1 case of scalp arteriovenous fistula and 1 case of critical brain trauma in which a foreign metal stick approached the basal vascular circuit.Abnormalities were found in 16 cases in intraoperative angiography. The clinical data of all patients was collected as a perspective cohort. The success rate of hybrid surgery, intra-operative and post-operative complications, morbidity, mortality, rate of infection, the length of hospital stay were all analyzed to illustrate the effect of hybrid operation mode to traditional surgical pattern. Results: For 64 cases with intracranial aneurysms, the immediate complete occlusion rate was 90.5%, with a mortality of 4.7% and a morbidity of 14.0%. For 28 cases of BAVM and 12 cases of DAVF, all patients achieved total obliteration and favorable social independent outcomes after hybrid surgery, with no complication.For 6 cases of carotid artery stenosis and 5 cases of Moyamoya, intra-operative confirmed good cerebral reperfusion without any new post-operative neurologic deficits. After tumor vessels embolization, 4 out of 12 cases of hypervascular tumor needed intra-operative blood transfusion, and all patients achieved total tumor resection in a single stage. Only one patient with medulla oblongata hemangioblastoma died 6 months after operation due to respiratory deficit related pneumonia. Compared to traditional surgeries, the hybrid operation pattern did not significantly increase the total infection rate, central nervous system infection rate, hospital stay days and post-operative hospital stay days (all P>0.05) while the in-patient cost increased mildly (119 332 yuan vs.98 215 yuan, t=2.38, P=0.02). Conclusions: The operations of complex cerebral and spinal vascular diseases and intracranial hypervascular tumors can be performed in hybrid operation suite safely.This surgical mode can ensure the quality of operation and promote the development of innovative and complicated surgical procedures.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/cirurgia , Malformações Vasculares do Sistema Nervoso Central/cirurgia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/cirurgia , Doenças Vasculares da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Sistema Nervoso Central/irrigação sanguínea , Sistema Nervoso Central/cirurgia , Embolização Terapêutica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 22(14): 4467-4476, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30058678

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aim to investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA-LINP1 (lncRNA LINP1) in prostate cancer (PCa) and its potential mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of lncRNA LINP1 in 74 pairs of PCa and normal tissues were detected by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR); the relationship between its expression and the pathological features and prognosis of PCa was also analyzed. The expression of lncRNA LINP1 in the PCa cell line was verified by qRT-PCR. Knockdown of LINP1 was constructed by transfection of small interfering RNA (siRNA) in two PCa cell lines (Lncap and PC-3). The biological function of LINP1 was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, colony formation assay, migration and invasion assay, respectively. Finally, the potential mechanism of LINP1 was explored by Western blot and qRT-PCR. RESULTS: qRT-PCR results showed a higher expression of LINP1 in PCa than that of normal tissues. Compared with PCa patients with a lower expression of LINP1, those with higher expression had a higher tumor stage, lymphatic metastasis and distant metastasis rate, and lower overall survival rate. Proliferation, invasion and metastasis in cells transfected with si-LINP1 were remarkably decreased than those transfected with negative control (si-NC). Moreover, the expressions of the key proteins in the p53 signaling pathway, including p53, PTEN, Akt and CDK2 were remarkably decreased in cells after knockdown of LINP1. In addition, a negative correlation between LINP1 and p53 was confirmed by rescue experiments. CONCLUSIONS: Up-regulated LINP1 in PCa was correlated with a higher PCa stage, lymphatic metastasis, distant metastasis, and worse prognosis. Furthermore, LINP1 could promote the proliferative, migratory and invasive abilities of PCa by regulating the p53-signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Regulação para Cima
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 22(7): 2126-2133, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29687872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease, whereas its cause still remains elusive. Typical pathological manifestations of RA include persistent synovitis and bone degeneration in the surrounding joints. Although the incidence of RA is high in population, currently there have been no effective cures for it. The purpose of this study is to investigate the therapeutic effects and main mechanism of IKKε (inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase ε) in collagen II induced- Rheumatoid Arthritis (CIA) mice model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IKKε-/- and wild-type (WT) littermate control mice were intraperitoneally injected with 5 mg/kg collagen II monoclonal antibody cocktail (Cab) for 5 days. After that, the nociception threshold and clinical rheumatoid arthritis articular damage score of mice were evaluated. After 5 days-CAb treatment, serum levels of a series of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1ß, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon (IFN) were detected with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in both groups. Besides, Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (Real-time RT-PCR) was used to evaluate the expression of these inflammatory cytokines in plantar tissues. In addition, Western blot was performed to investigate the protein levels of NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B) signaling pathway. Moreover, WT mice receiving CAb were further applied with or without IKK inhibitor amlexanox (25 mg/kg) to investigate the expression of the above-mentioned inflammatory cytokines. RESULTS: Our work showed that IKKε-/- mice with CIA displayed less nociception and suppressed inflammatory response than WT mice. Meanwhile, the clinical rheumatoid arthritis articular damage scores were significantly decreased in IKKε-/- mice. The levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 in serum and plantar tissues in IKKε-/- mice were significantly lower than those in WT mice. Besides, NF-κB expression in IKKε-/- mice was significantly decreased. Similarly, the same phenotype was observed in WT mice administrated with IKKε inhibitor amlexanox as that of IKKε-/- mice, indicating that inflammatory and nociception responses were remarkably decreased than those of the negative controls. CONCLUSIONS: IKKε plays an important role in promoting nociception and inflammatory response in CIA. Our research demonstrated that knockout of IKKε may serve as a new direction for clinical prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. IKKε inhibitor amlexanox may become a new drug for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/metabolismo , Quinase I-kappa B/deficiência , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Aminopiridinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Quinase I-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Mediadores da Inflamação/antagonistas & inibidores , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/metabolismo
13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 120(4): 047201, 2018 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29437452

RESUMO

We clarify the physical origin of the dc voltage generation in a bilayer of a conducting polymer film and a micrometer-thick magnetic insulator Y_{3}Fe_{5}O_{12} (YIG) film under ferromagnetic resonance and/or spin wave excitation conditions. The previous attributed mechanism, the inverse spin Hall effect in the polymer [Nat. Mater. 12, 622 (2013)NMAACR1476-112210.1038/nmat3634], is excluded by two control experiments. We find an in-plane temperature gradient in YIG which has the same angular dependence with the generated voltage. Both vanish when the YIG thickness is reduced to a few nanometers. Thus, we argue that the dc voltage is governed by the Seebeck effect in the polymer, where the temperature gradient is created by the nonreciprocal magnetostatic surface spin wave propagation in YIG.

14.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 38(11): 2146-2152, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28882861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Resting-state functional MR imaging has been used for motor mapping in presurgical planning but never used intraoperatively. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of applying intraoperative resting-state functional MR imaging for the safe resection of gliomas using real-time motor cortex mapping during an operation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using interventional MR imaging, we conducted preoperative and intraoperative resting-state intrinsic functional connectivity analyses of the motor cortex in 30 patients with brain tumors. Factors that may influence intraoperative imaging quality, including anesthesia type (general or awake anesthesia) and tumor cavity (filled with normal saline or not), were studied to investigate image quality. Additionally, direct cortical stimulation was used to validate the accuracy of intraoperative resting-state fMRI in mapping the motor cortex. RESULTS: Preoperative and intraoperative resting-state fMRI scans were acquired for all patients. Fourteen patients who successfully completed both sufficient intraoperative resting-state fMRI and direct cortical stimulation were used for further analysis of sensitivity and specificity. Compared with those subjected to direct cortical stimulation, the sensitivity and specificity of intraoperative resting-state fMRI in localizing the motor area were 61.7% and 93.7%, respectively. The image quality of intraoperative resting-state fMRI was better when the tumor cavity was filled with normal saline (P = .049). However, no significant difference between the anesthesia types was observed (P = .102). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the feasibility of using intraoperative resting-state fMRI for real-time localization of functional areas during a neurologic operation. The findings suggest that using intraoperative resting-state fMRI can avoid the risk of intraoperative seizures due to direct cortical stimulation and may provide neurosurgeons with valuable information to facilitate the safe resection of gliomas.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Glioma/cirurgia , Monitorização Neurofisiológica Intraoperatória/métodos , Córtex Motor/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Motor/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Feminino , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 96(7): 481, 2016 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26902187
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 19(7): 1130-40, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25912570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine glucocorticoid (GC) exposure is associated with disturbances in feto-placental growth. This study aimed to investigate whether folic acid supplementation can prevent dexamethasone (Dex)-induced feto-placental growth restriction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female C57BL/6J mice were subject to four different treatments, respectively: normal drinking water plus saline injection (NN), normal drinking water plus Dex injection (ND), drinking water supplemented with folic acid plus saline injection (FN), and drinking water supplemented with folic acid plus Dex injection (FD). Folic acid (100 µg/L) was administrated since 2 weeks before the mating and throughout pregnancy. Dex injection (100 µg/kg•d) was performed from E12.5 to E16.5. The placentas were collected at E17.5. RESULTS: The parameters including placental and fetal weight, the maximum placental diameter, volume of junctional and labyrinthine zones, and vascular density in the ND group were significantly smaller compared to the NN group. Except the maximum placental diameter, each of the above parameters in the FD group was significantly larger compared to the ND group. The levels of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) protein, and endothelial growth factor A, C (VEGFA, VEGFC) and placental growth factor (PIGF) mRNAs were significantly lower in the ND group compared to NN group. The VEGFA and PIGF mRNA level in the FD group was significantly higher than that in the ND group, as well as VEGFA and VEGFC protein level. CONCLUSIONS: Folic acid may attenuate Dex-induced restriction on placental growth by elevating the expression of VEGFA and PIGF, and further raising vascular density.


Assuntos
Dexametasona/toxicidade , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/induzido quimicamente , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/prevenção & controle , Ácido Fólico/uso terapêutico , Placenta/efeitos dos fármacos , Placentação , Animais , Dexametasona/antagonistas & inibidores , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/metabolismo , Ácido Fólico/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Placenta/metabolismo , Gravidez , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/biossíntese
18.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 160(1): 18-26, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22948028

RESUMO

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), an interleukin 7-like cytokine, can trigger dendritic cell (DC)-mediated T-helper type 2 (Th2) inflammatory responses. Recent evidence demonstrates that cytokines TSLP and OX40 (CD134)/OX40 ligand seem to be important players in the maintenance of Th2 memory pool in the pathogenesis of asthma. Accumulating data reveal that the pathogenic T cells involved in asthma are likely to be inflammatory Th2 cells. TSLP is involved in the development of asthma through crosstalk with nuclear factor NF-ĸB. Progression of skin fibrosis in atopic dermatitis occurs via TSLP/TSLP receptor. TSLP-mediated dermal inflammation aggravates experimental allergic asthma. Also, TSLP polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to asthma, atopic dermatitis, and eczema herpeticum. These findings suggest a master switch of TSLP in the initiation of allergic and adaptive inflammation through innate pathways at the epithelial cell-DC interface. The TSLP pathway is therefore a promising target for immunotherapy of allergic diseases.


Assuntos
Asma/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Animais , Asma/metabolismo , Asma/terapia , Citocinas/genética , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/metabolismo , Hipersensibilidade/terapia , Inflamação/imunologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/imunologia , Ligante OX40/imunologia , Ligante OX40/metabolismo
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21905500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene links human innate immunity and adaptive immunity via bacterial endotoxin recognition, and plays a considerable role in the pathogenesis of asthma. The effects of the genetic variants of TLR4 on asthma are still largely unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of TLR4 polymorphisms on asthma risk and asthma-related phenotypes in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: We consecutively recruited 318 unrelated adult asthmatic patients and 352 healthy volunteers. Four tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TLR4 gene were detected using GenomeLab SNPstream or TaqMans Genotyping. We conducted case-control and case-only studies to investigate the association between the selected tagging SNPs in TLR4 and asthma and asthma-related phenotypes. RESULTS: We found no evidence to support a significant association between TLR4 SNPs and asthma susceptibility. However, our results revealed that the TT homozygote of rs1927914 was associated with lower forced expiratory volume in the first second (percent predicted) in asthmatic patients. An evidently positive association was found between asthma severity and both the TT genotype of rs1927914 and the GG genotype of rs10983755 and rs1927907 (P = .024, P = .009, and P = .013, respectively), indicating that the C allele of rs1927914 and the A allele of rs10983755 and rs1927907 have a protective effect on asthma severity. CONCLUSION: TLR4 polymorphisms do not contribute to asthma susceptibility but they may influence the severity of asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/fisiopatologia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , China , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Progressão da Doença , Eosinofilia , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/imunologia
20.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 165(1): 29-37, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21488868

RESUMO

The mechanism underlying late-phase allergic reactions (LPR) remains incompletely understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of a newly described subset of T cells, interleukin (IL)-9(+) IL-10(+) T cells, in the pathogenesis of LPR. Using a T helper type 2 (Th2) inflammatory mouse model, we examined the frequency of IL-9(+) IL-10(+) T cells in the jejunum by immunohistochemistry. The LPR in the jejunum was observed afterwards. The cytokine profile of IL-9(+) IL-10(+) T cells was characterized and the major cytokine that plays the critical role in the initiation of LPR was investigated. Abundant IL-9(+) IL-10(+) T cells as well as inflammatory cell extravasation in the jejunal sections were observed in sensitized mice 48 h after specific antigen challenge. IL-9(+) IL-10(+) T cells expressed high levels of macrophage inflammatory protein 1 (MIP1) that could be enhanced by T cell receptor activation. MIP1 facilitated macrophage extravasation in local tissue. Macrophage-derived MIP2 contributed to neutrophil infiltration in the intestine in LPR. Pretreatment with anti-MIP antibody inhibited the LPR in the intestine. IL-9(+) IL-10(+) T cells play an important role in LPR. This subset of T cells has the potential to be a novel therapeutic target in the treatment of LPR and LPR-related inflammation.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CCL3/metabolismo , Hipersensibilidade Tardia/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Animais , Anticorpos Bloqueadores/administração & dosagem , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Quimiocina CCL3/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Imunização , Interleucina-10/biossíntese , Interleucina-9/biossíntese , Jejuno/patologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/patologia , Camundongos , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/patologia
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