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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012828

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the clinical effects of osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) combined with concentrated growth factor (CGF) and simultaneous implant placement with or without bone grafting in the maxillary posterior region, where the residual bone height (RBH) was 4-6 mm. A total of 44 patients who underwent OSFE combined with CGF and the simultaneous placement of 60 implants (group A, 31 implants with bone grafting; group B, 29 implants without bone grafting) were included in this retrospective study. The clinical indicators of implants were observed for 24 months. Sinus floor lift height was 6.02 ± 0.99 mm in group A and 5.81 ± 0.72 mm in group B (P = 0.360) after surgery. There was no significant difference in the vertical bone resorption between the two groups at 24 months (P = 0.097). Postoperative pain at 14 days (visual analogue scale) was significantly greater in patients with bone grafting when compared to those without bone grafting (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in marginal bone loss (MBL) between the two groups (P = 0.707 for MBL during the first 12 months, P = 0.922 for MBL during months 12-24). The implant success rate was 100% with or without bone grafting. The technique of OSFE with CGF, either with or without bone grafting, is safe and reliable in patients with RBH 4-6 mm.

2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(2): 136-140, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012303

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of toripalimab combined with axitinib in the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma. Methods: Clinical data of 50 patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who received axitinib combined with toripalimab were retrospectively collected from the database of Peking University Cancer Hospital. ORR, DCR, PFS, and OS were analyzed. Results: Among the 50 patients, 37 were males; median age was 56 (22-73) years; 38 were pathologically diagnosed as clear cell renal cell carcinoma and 12 were non-clear cell carcinoma. Common metastatic sites included lung, bone, lymph node, liver, and so on. 90% of the patients had received at least one-line of systemic therapy. With a median follow-up time of 11.9 months (0.8-24), 27 of the 50 patients are still on treatment, ORR was 34%, DCR was 86%, median PFS was 13.1 months (95%CI 5.8-20.4), and median OS has not yet reached. One-year OS rate was 84.6%. Common adverse reactions were proteinuria, diarrhea, hypertension, abnormal thyroid function, elevated transaminase, and hand-foot syndrome. Most adverse events were grade 1-2. Conclusion: Toripalimab combined with axitinib was efficient in the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma, and had manageable adverse reactions.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos , Axitinibe , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Axitinibe/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 39(11): 877-880, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34886656

RESUMO

Occupational disease diagnosis standards are an important basis for occupational disease diagnosis, occupational health surveillance, occupational health supervision, occupational disease treatment, occupational disease disability assessment, and handling of occupational disease diagnosis disputes in conjunction with the "Occupational Disease Prevention and Control Law of the People's Republic of China". With the successive promulgation of the "Standardization Law of the People's Republic of China" and the "Administrative Measures on Health Standards", the establishment of a mandatory standard implementation evaluation mechanism has gradually been paid attention to. However, there is still a lack of systematic research on the evaluation of diagnostic criteria for occupational diseases. Therefore, this article combines the current status of the diagnostic standards for occupational diseases in China, and proposes reasonable suggestions on how to carry out the evaluation of the implementation of this type of standard in terms of evaluation methods and content.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(20): 207206, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34860044

RESUMO

We report the observation of the unidirectional spin Hall magnetoresistance (USMR), which depends on the current or magnetization direction, in heavy-metal-ferromagnetic-insulator bilayer, Pt-Y_{3}Fe_{5}O_{12} (YIG). This USMR is apparently not caused by the mechanisms established in metallic bilayer, in which the ferromagnetic layer is required to be electrically conductive. From the magnetic field, current, temperature, and YIG thickness dependent measurements, the USMR is attributed to the asymmetric magnon creation and annihilation induced by the spin-orbit torque. This asymmetry and the resultant USMR are further revealed by the micromagnetic simulations combined with the spin-orbit torque and the spin drift-diffusion model. Our finding exhibits a nonlinear manipulation of magnons with the charge current.

6.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(5): 518-522, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791852

RESUMO

As a successful example of global public health, Chinese schistosomiasis control technology and experiences have been included in global public health governance. Chinese schistosomiasis control program progresses with China's international discourse power. During the period from the initial stage of the founding of the People's Republic of China to China's Reform and opening-up, the national schistosomiasis control program of China achieved great successes through mobilizing multi-sectorial resources under the policy of Independence and Self-reliance. Following China's Reform and opening-up, all advantageous opportunities were captured to solve problems pertaining to schistosomiasis control in the context of complex international situations. As a consequence, transmission control of schistosomiasis was achieved across China in 2015. Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China has contributed the discourse system with distinct Chinese characteristics to the world, and has actively participated in health cooperation projects between China and other "Belt and Road" countries, which has contributed China's wisdom to global schistosomiasis control program and conveyed China's voice to the world.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose , China/epidemiologia , Saúde Global , Humanos , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(42): 3506-3508, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775710

RESUMO

The clinical manifestations, laboratory and imaging results, diagnosis and treatment and prognosis of 5 patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder were analyzed. It was found that the clinical characteristics of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder were very similar to that of gallbladder malignant tumor, and it was difficult to differentiate. Ultrasound guided gallbladder needle biopsy can confirm the diagnosis before surgery. Surgery is still the first choice of treatment. Since laparoscopic surgery has obvious advantages over open surgery, it is recommended to be preferentially used. If the tumor is under T2 stage and has no aggressive metastasis, the prognosis is generally good.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar , Humanos , Prognóstico , Ultrassonografia
9.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(11): 1649-1655, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782504

RESUMO

Background: Gingival enlargement (GE) is one of the most common soft tissue problems encountered during fixed orthodontic treatment. Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the factors affecting GE in adolescents and young adults, compared with their normal peers. Subjects and Methods: This is a cross-sectional comparative study. The sample consisted of 329 subjects (ages 10-30 years) of both genders, which was divided into four main groups: The control group (G0) with no orthodontic treatment; subjects who underwent orthodontic treatment were divided according to treatment duration into G1 (4-12 months), G2 (13-24 months), and G3 (>24 months). The clinical examinations included the level of debris, calculus (simplified oral hygiene), and GE indices. Regression analyses were used to assess the GE association in all the studied groups. Results: The mean GE score increased significantly with increased treatment duration (0.42 ± 0.29 for G0 and 1.03 ± 0.52 for G3). GE scores of the lower arch were significantly higher in the anterior segment than in the posterior segment among all treatment groups. Regression analysis revealed that gender, age, oral hygiene, and treatment duration had a significant effect on GE (P < 0.05), while angle classification, overjet, overbite, treatment stage, bracket type, and therapeutic extraction did not show significant associations (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Gender, age, oral hygiene, and treatment duration were the most important risk factors for GE during fixed orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Crescimento Excessivo da Gengiva , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Sobremordida , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Ortodontia Corretiva/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 479-485, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725999

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To establish a detection method for common new psychoactive substances of synthetic cannabinoids in hair with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Methods In the 1 mL of internal standard methanol solution, 20 mg hair was added. After cryogenic grinding and ultrasonic extraction, the extract was separated by ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 1.8 µm). The mobile phase A was aqueous solution that composed of 20 mmol/L ammonium acetate, 0.1% formic acid, and 5% acetonitrile. The mobile phase B was acetonitrile. Electrospray ionization source in positive ion mode was used for data acquisition in multi-reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Results The seven common new psychoactive substances of synthetic cannabinoids in hair had a good linear relationship within their respective linear ranges (r>0.99), the limits of detection were 0.5-2 pg/mg, the limits of quantification were 1-5 pg/mg, the intra-day and inter-day precisions were 0.1%-12.6%, the intra-day and inter-day accuracies were 89.2%-110.7%, the recovery rates were 52.3%-93.3%, and the matrix effects were 19.1%-95.2%. Conclusion The established method has a simple sample preparation process and high sensitivity. It is suitable for qualitative and quantitative analysis of common new psychoactive substances of synthetic cannabinoids in hair.


Assuntos
Canabinoides , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Cabelo
11.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637544

RESUMO

Oroxylum indicum is one of the valuable Dai pharmaceuticals; the dry seeds and bark of O. indicum were used to treat acute cough, sore throat and so on. Of the seven compounds from O. indicum were determined and obtained using the bioassay-guided method. Among them, compound 7 was obtained from the plant for the first time. Eight bacterial strains and one yeast fungi were exposed to the compounds. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) or minimum fungicidal concentrations were determined according to the standard broth microdilution method. Baicalein (2) exhibited relative strong antibacterial activities with MIC of 8 µg ml-1 and MBC of 16 µg ml-1 against three MRSA strains of Staphylococcus aureus of SCCmec III type, whereas flavonoids 3, 5 and 7 showed some degree of activities against methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA, ATCC 25923). The findings may offer new evidence that why O. indicum was used widely in Dai peoples' life.

12.
Br J Dermatol ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a common, acquired pigmentary disorder of the skin associated with significant quality-of-life impairment, especially in individuals with skin of colour. Current treatment for PIH is limited, largely due to a poor understanding of disease pathogenesis and the lack of a representative disease model. OBJECTIVES: This study is intended to further develop, update and validate our previously designed in vivo model of acne-induced PIH/postinflammatory erythema (PIE) using different concentrations of trichloroacetic acid (TCA), a medium-depth chemical peel. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with skin types II-VI and clinician-confirmed presence of two or more truncal acne pustules and PIH/PIE were included. On the basis of Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA), clinical polarized photography (CPP), colorimetry and Skindex, we experimentally determined an optimum TCA concentration and assessed our model's ability to exhibit a dose-response relationship between degree of inciting insult and severity of resulting pigmentation. We also performed differential microRNA profiling and pathway analysis to explore the potential of microRNAs as molecular adjuncts to our model. RESULTS: Application of TCA 30% produced lesions indistinguishable from acne-induced PIH and PIE lesions on the basis of colorimetry data without causing epidermal necrosis. Application of progressively increasing TCA doses from 20% to 30% resulted in concentration-dependent increases in CPP, IGA and colorimetry scores at all timepoints during the study. miRNA-31 and miRNA-23b may play a role in PIH pathogenesis, although further validation is required. CONCLUSIONS: Our TCA-based in vivo model, using TCA concentrations between 20% and 30% with an optimum of 30%, enables the quantitative assessment of the pigmentary response to varying degrees of cutaneous inflammation in a fashion that mirrors natural acne-induced PIH and PIE.

13.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 73(6): 684-693, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607389

RESUMO

Propionibacterium acnes plays a major role in acne vulgaris. In the pre-experiment, the growth of P. acnes was inhibited effectively using surfactin; however, the antibacterial mechanism has not been described. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate antibacterial activity and analyse the mechanism of surfactin against P. acnes. Minimum inhibitory concentration, time-killing kinetics and scanning electron microscopy were used to evaluate the activity of surfactin against P. acnes, which showed that 128 µg ml-1 effectively inhibited growth. Cell wall permeability was evaluated by detecting the extracellular alkaline phosphatase activity, which increased to 1·83- and 2·32-fold after incubating with 128 and 256 µg ml-1 of surfactin for 10 h, respectively. Propidium iodide fluorescence, leakage of nucleic acid, protein, K+ , and Ca2+ , membrane potential and the leakage of calcein from small unilamellar vesicles all increased after incubation with surfactin, indicating that its strong biological activities act mainly by altering membrane integrity. In a mouse model of acne, surfactin significantly reduced P. acnes-induced epidermal swelling and erythema. These results indicate that surfactin effectively inhibited the growth of P. acnes by destroying the cell wall and membrane, and is a potential candidate for acne treatment.


Assuntos
Acne Vulgar , Propionibacterium acnes , Acne Vulgar/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Parede Celular , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
14.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(10): 749-756, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619945

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the longitudinal epidemiological characteristics of myopia in primary school students from grade one to grade three in Hubei province, and to analyze the main factors affecting the occurrence and development of myopia, so as to provide the direction and theoretical basis for the prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents. Methods: Longitudinal study. A total of 13, 244 primary school students from grade one to grade three in 17 prefectures and forest districts of Hubei province were included in the study by means of random stratified cluster sampling. Among them, there were 7, 331 boys and 5, 913 girls with an age of (7.7±1.0) years. The same group of students were followed up for two years from October 2017 to October 2019 to complete three data collections. All included subjects underwent visual acuity examination, which required further automatic computer optometry after using cyclopentolate hydrochloride eye drops if the visual acuity was less than 1.0. In the questionnaire, the general situation and eye behavior of the included subjects were collected. The Chi-square test was used to compare the prevalence of myopia among different genders,different reproductive history and grades. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to compare the difference in the mean spherical equivalent refraction, and logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of myopia. Results: The prevalence of myopia was 23.10% at baseline in 2017, 28.67% after one year's follow-up and 33.26% after two years' follow-up among primary school students in grade one to grade three in Hubei province. The overall prevalence of myopia increased with time (χ²=307.47, P<0.05). It also increased with the increase of grades. After two years of follow-up, the myopia rate of students in grades one through three was 25.62%, 35.07% and 41.05%, respectively (χ²=200.98, P<0.05). In 2017, the prevalence of myopia was 21.62% in boys and 24.93% in girls, and it increased to 31.20% and 35.69% after 2 years of follow-up, respectively. Both the prevalence of myopia and the spherical equivalent refraction were higher in girls than in boys. Moreover, myopia was associated with parents' myopia (OR=1.17), less time for outdoor activities (OR=1.06), no rest after half an hour's study (OR=1.18), more time for daily exposure to electronic products (OR=1.07), longer time for extracurricular study (OR=1.09), and higher grades (OR=1.78). Children whose parents were more myopic and who ate sweets and fizzy drinks more often had greater levels of myopia. Conclusions: Myopia occurs early in primary school students of grade one to grade three in Hubei province and increases rapidly. More attention should be paid to good habits for eyes, regular screening, outdoor activities and girls. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 749-756).


Assuntos
Miopia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Miopia/epidemiologia , Refração Ocular , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes
15.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(9): 1287-1295, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression characteristics of ELK3 and its role in the occurrence, progression and prognosis of gastric cancer. METHODS: We analyzed the expression characteristics of ELK3 in gastric cancer based on E-MTAB-6693 dataset and explored the prognostic value of ELK3 using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis. Chip-Atlas, ChipBase, Genes Transcription Regulation Database, and hTFtarget were used for predicting the target genes of ELK3 and constructing the transcription regulation network. Functional enrichment analysis of the target genes was performed using R software. The proportions of infiltrating immune cells in gastric cancer were analyzed using Cibersort tool, and the Pearson coefficients between ELK3 and these cells were calculated. The expression profile of ELK3 was verified based on Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis and Human Protein Atlas databases. We also collected 5 pairs of gastric cancer and adjacent tissue samples and detected the expression of ELK3 at both the mRNA and protein levels using RT-PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: In public datasets and clinical samples, ELK3 was highly expressed in gastric cancer (P < 0.05), and its expression increased with the progression of M stage, AJCC stage, and perineural invasion (P < 0.05). ELK3 expression was correlated with N stage, AJCC stage, Lauren classification, differentiation, pathological classification, and microsatellite status of gastric cancer (P < 0.05). A high expression of ELK3 was associated with significantly reduced overall survival and disease-free survival of the patients, and served as an independent prognostic factor of gastric cancer (P < 0.05). Comprehensive analysis identified 176 potential target genes of ELK3, and enrichment analysis showed that ELK3 may regulate Rap1, AMPK, chemokines, VEGF, TNF, and tumor PD-L1/PD-1 signaling (PP < 0.05). The expression of ELK3 was negatively correlated with regulatory T cells, follicular helper T cells, and CD8+T cells in gastric cancer (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: ELK3 acts as an oncogene in gastric cancer, and its high expression may promote the occurrence, progression and immune escape of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets , Neoplasias Gástricas , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
16.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(10): 911-920, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689460

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical effect of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the treatment of burn patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods: The retrospective observational study and the systematic review were applied. From March 2014 to July 2020, five burn patients with ARDS received ECMO treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University). All the five patients were male, aged from 40 to 62 years. The average total burn surface area was 58.8% total body surface area (TBSA) and four cases had severe inhalation injury. Patient's ECMO starting time, duration and mode, and whether successfully weaned or the cause of death, and others. were recorded. Furthermore, the changes of oxygenation and infection before, during, and after utilizing ECMO were analyzed. PubMed and Web of Science from the establishment of each database to August 2021 were searched using "Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation", "ECMO", "burn", "inhalation" as the search terms and "Title/Abstract" as the field to retrieve the clinical articles that meet the selection criteria . Basic information were extracted from the articles, including sample size, gender, age, total burn area, inhalation injury, the indication of ECMO, the start and lasting time of ECMO, ECMO mode, rate of successful weaning, complications of ECMO, mortality, the combined application of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Results: Five patients started venovenous ECMO on an average of 10.2 days after injury and lasted an average of 180.4 hours. Three out of 5 patients were weaned successfully with one patient survived. Four patients died of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and septic shock. Compared with those before ECMO treatment, the arterial oxygen partial pressure (PaO2) and oxygen saturation in arterial blood (SaO2) of three successfully weaned patients obviously increased during and after ECMO treatment. The fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) decreased below 50% and PaO2/FiO2 ratio increased above 200 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) during and after ECMO. Furthermore, lactic acid and respiratory rate decreased, basically. Compared with those before ECMO, PaO2 and SaO2 in the other two patients during ECMO, who failed to be weaned, continuously decreased while lactic acid increased. Before and during ECMO, the PaO2/FiO2 ratios of unsuccessfullg weaned cases were less than 200 mmHg, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood (PaCO2) were more than 40 mmHg. Compared with those before ECMO, there were no significant changes in body temperature during and after ECMO, which were less than 38 ℃. Compared with those before ECMO, the leucocyte number (the index without this in unsuccessfully weaned cases was omitted, the same as below) in four patients showed a significant decrease during ECMO, but rose after removal of ECMO. The proportion of neutrophils in three patients were slightly higher during ECMO than before ECMO, and did not change significantly after removal of ECMO. Compared with those before ECMO, platelet counts in three patients were significantly reduced during ECMO, and all five patients during ECMO were below normal levels. Compared with those before ECMO, the procalcitonin levels in four deaths were significantly increased during ECMO. Catheter culture of microorganism was performed in three successfully weaned patients, all of which were negative. A total of 13 literature were included, ranging from 1990 to 2019. The sample size in 6 studies was less than 10, and the sample size in 4 studies was between 10 and 20, and only 2 literatures had a sample size larger than 50. ECMO was applied in 295 burn patients with overall mortality of 48.8% (144/295), including 157 adults and 138 children. The most common indication of ECMO was severe ARDS. Among 157 adult burn patients (95 males and 65 females), 36 cases had inhalation injury. The average burn area was 27%-37%TBSA in 5 reported studies and was more than 50%TBSA in 2 reported studies. The most common mode was venovenous ECMO. ECMO treatment began 26.5 hours to 7.4 days after injury and lasted from 90 hours to 18 days, and the rate of successful weaning ranged from 50% to 100%. The most common complications were bleeding and infection. The mortality was 52.9% (83/157). MODS and sepsis were the leading causes of death. Among 138 pediatric burn patients (77 boys and 61 girls), 29 patients had inhalation injury. The average burn area was 17%-50.2%TBSA in 3 studies. ECMO treatment lasted from 165.2 hours to 324.4 hours. Bleeding was the most common complication. The mortality was 44.2% (61/138). Conclusions: ECMO is an effective strategy for the salvage treatment of burns complicated with ARDS. Furthermore, the prevention and treatment of bleeding, infection and organ dysfunction should be emphasized during the use of ECMO. More importantly, evidence-based guidelines for burns are urgently needed to further improve the clinical effect of ECMO.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Adulto , Superfície Corporal , Queimaduras/terapia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 977-981, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689518

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the impact of previous exposure to macrolide, quinolones and nitroimidazole antibiotics on eradication rate of bismuth quadruple therapy (BQT) in newly diagnosed patients with Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori). Methods: A total of 469 patients with H. pylori initially treated at the Third Hospital of Peking University from September 2017 to August 2020 were retrospectively recruited. The therapeutic regimens were BQT containing clarithromycin/levofloxacin/metronidazole recommended by Chinese guidelines. Clinical data were collected, including general demographic data, exposure history of antibiotics, CYP2C16 metabolic pattern, endoscopic diagnosis, bacterial density, H.pylori resistance, eradication results, etc. Univariate analysis, Chi-square test, Fisher exact probability test, Kruskal-Wallis H test and Logistic regression model were used as statistical methods. Results: Among different eradication therapies, univariate and multivariate analyses suggested that previous exposure to macrolides (OR=3.37,95%CI 1.04-10.98, P<0.05) was relevant to the decreased eradication rate of BQT containing clarithromycin. This may be due to increased resistance to clarithromycin (OR=6.12,95%CI 3.99-9.40, P<0.01).The previous exposure to quinolones (OR=3.65, 95%CI 1.27-10.49, P<0.05) was relevant to the decreased eradication rate of BQT containing levofloxacin, which was probably explained by the increased resistance to levofloxacin (OR=2.50, 95%CI 1.69-3.71, P<0.01). But the previous history of nitroimidazole did not impact the efficacy of BQT containing metronidazole. Conclusions: In patients newly diagnosed with H.pylori infection, the previous exposure to macrolide or quinolones antibiotics is related to lower eradiation rates of H. pylori. Although the exposure to nitroimidazole also indicates drug resistance to metronidazole, the clinical efficacy of BQT with metronidazole 400 mg four times a day is not affected.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bismuto/uso terapêutico , Claritromicina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687572

RESUMO

Ductal origin of one distal pulmonary artery (DODPA) is a rare congenital cardiovascular anomaly, with an incidence of approximately 1 in 200,000 people1-3 . It refers to the proximal interruption of one pulmonary artery branch, with the distal part arising from the base of the brachiocephalic artery(BA) via the ipsilateral ductus arteriosus (DA) and being commonly intact in the lungs. If timely treatment is not provided after birth, severe hypoplasia is highly likely to occur in the lungs supplied by the abnormal pulmonary artery due to DA closure. Hence, the prenatal diagnosis of fetal DODPA is important to help initiate prostaglandin treatment and the early rehabilitation of the affected lung. Herein, we report three cases of fetal DODPA diagnosed via two-dimensional (2D) ultrasonography combined with the four-dimensional (4D) spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) technique. Moreover, a literature review was performed, and ultrasonographic findings and the importance of 2D and 4D ultrasonography in obtaining an accurate prenatal diagnosis of DODPA were explored. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 430-433, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505455

RESUMO

Imaging and serological approaches play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of alveolar echinococcosis; however, they also suffer from some problems during their applications in clinical practices, which urges the identification of potential diagnostic markers. Novel serological, genomics and proteomics diagnostic markers alone or in combination may increase the sensitivity and specificity in early diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis, which play vital roles in monitoring of disease courses and prognostic evaluation. This review mainly presents the advances in the studies on novel diagnostic markers for alveolar echinococcosis.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Equinococose/diagnóstico , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Physiol Res ; 70(5): 735-743, 2021 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505529

RESUMO

Recovery from exercise refers to the period between the end of a bout of exercise and the subsequent return to a resting or recovered state. It is a dynamic period in which many physiological changes occur. A large amount of research has evaluated the effect of training on intramuscular lipid metabolism. However, data are limited regarding intramuscular lipid metabolism during the recovery period. In this study, lipid metabolism-related proteins were examined after a single bout of exercise in a time-dependent way to explore the mechanism of how exercise induces intramuscular lipid metabolism adaptation. Firstly, all rats in the exercise group underwent a five-week training protocol (HIIT, five times/week), and then performed a more intense HIIT session after 72 h of the last-time five-week training. After that, rats were sampled in a time-dependent way, including 0 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h, and 96 h following the acute training session. Our results discovered that five weeks of HIIT increased the content of intramuscular triglyceride (IMTG) and enhanced the lipolytic and lipogenesis-related proteins in skeletal muscle. Furthermore, IMTG content decreased immediately post HIIT and gradually increased to baseline levels 48 h postexercise, continuing to over-recover up to 96 h postexercise. Following acute exercise, lipolytic-related proteins showed an initial increase (6-12 h) before decreasing during recovery. Conversely, lipogenesis-related proteins decreased following exercise (6-12 h), then increased in the recovery period. Based on the changes, we speculate that skeletal muscle is predominated by lipid oxidative at the first 12 h postexercise. After this period, lipid synthesis-related proteins increased, which may be the result of body recovery. Together, these results may provide insight into how the lipid metabolism-related signaling changes after chronic and acute HIIT and how protein levels lipid metabolism correlates to IMTG recovery.

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