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1.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; : 1-4, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775215

RESUMO

It is a challenge for many researchers to separate volatile compounds. In this study, we introduce a rapid and efficient method of separating target compound from the twigs of Cinnamomum cassia by high performance counter-current chromatography. Under the bioassay guidance, the total extract exhibited a potential activity against NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages and the total extract was further separated by high performance counter-current chromatography. Cinnamaldehyde (1) was enriched by counter-current chromatography (CCC) with reversed-phase mode using n-hexane-ethyl acetate-methanol-water (1:1:1:1,v/v/v/v) as the solvent system. Further identification was achieved by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671087

RESUMO

In recent years, various attempts have been made to meet the increasing demand for high energy density of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The increase in voltage can improve the capacity and the voltage platform performance of the electrode materials. However, as the charging voltage increases, the stabilization of the interface between the cathode material and the electrolyte will decrease, causing side reactions on both sides during the charge-discharge cycling, which seriously affects the high-temperature storage and the cycle performance of LIBs. In this study, a sulfate additive, dihydro-1,3,2-dioxathiolo[1,3,2]dioxathiole 2,2,5,5-tetraoxide (DDDT), was used as an efficient multifunctional electrolyte additive for high-voltage lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2). Nanoscale protective layers were formed on the surfaces of both the cathode and the anode electrodes by the electrochemical redox reactions, which greatly decreased the side reactions and improved the voltage stability of the electrodes. By adding 2% (wt.%) DDDT into the electrolyte, LiCoO2 exhibited improved Li-storage performance at the relatively high temperature of 60 °C, controlled swelling behavior (less than 10% for 7 days), and excellent cycling performance (capacity retention rate of 76.4% at elevated temperature even after 150 cycles).

3.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(4): 286, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731668

RESUMO

p97/VCP, an evolutionarily concerned ATPase, partakes in multiple cellular proteostatic processes, including the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation (ERAD). Elevated expression of p97 is common in many cancers and is often associated with poor survival. Here we report that the levels of p97 positively correlated with the histological grade, tumor size, and lymph node metastasis in breast cancers. We further examined p97 expression in the stem-like cancer cells or cancer stem cells (CSCs), a cell population that purportedly underscores cancer initiation, therapeutic resistance, and recurrence. We found that p97 was consistently at a higher level in the CD44+/CD24-, ALDH+, or PKH26+ CSC populations than the respective non-CSC populations in human breast cancer tissues and cancer cell lines and p97 expression also positively correlated with that of SOX2, another CSC marker. To assess the role of p97 in breast cancers, cancer proliferation, mammosphere, and orthotopic growth were analyzed. Similarly as p97 depletion, two pharmacological inhibitors, which targets the ER-associated p97 or globally inhibits p97's ATPase activity, markedly reduced cancer growth and the CSC population. Importantly, depletion or inhibition of p97 greatly suppressed the proliferation of the ALDH+ CSCs and the CSC-enriched mammospheres, while exhibiting much less or insignificant inhibitory effects on the non-CSC cancer cells. Comparable phenotypes produced by blocking ERAD suggest that ER proteostasis is essential for the CSC integrity. Loss of p97 gravely activated the unfolded protein response (UPR) and modulated the expression of multiple stemness and pluripotency regulators, including C/EBPδ, c-MYC, SOX2, and SKP2, which collectively contributed to the demise of CSCs. In summary, p97 controls the breast CSC integrity through multiple targets, many of which directly affect cancer stemness and are induced by UPR activation. Our findings highlight the importance of p97 and ER proteostasis in CSC biology and anticancer therapy.

4.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745232

RESUMO

Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome caused by infection, resulting in organ dysfunction. Sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common potential complications. Increasing reports have shown that M1 and M2 macrophages both take part in the progress of AKI by influencing the level of inflammatory factors and the cell death, including pyroptosis. However, whether M1 and M2 macrophages regulate AKI by secreting exosome remains unknown. In the present study, we isolated the exosomes from M1 and M2 macrophages and used Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to investigate the effect of M1 and M2 exosomes on cell pyroptosis. miRNA sequencing was used to identify the different miRNA in M1 and M2 exosomes. Luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the target gene of miRNA. We confirmed that exosomes excreted by macrophages regulated cell pyroptosis in vitro by using Western blot and ELISA. miRNA sequencing revealed the differentially expressed level of miRNAs in M1 and M2 exosomes, among which miR-93-5p was involved in the regulation of pyroptosis. By using bioinformatics predictions and luciferase reporter assay, we found that thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) was a direct target of miR-93-5p. Further in vitro and in vivo experiments indicated that exosomal miR-93-5p regulated the TXNIP directly to influence the pyroptosis in renal epithelial cells, which explained the functional difference between different phenotypes of macrophages. This study might provide new targets for the treatment of sepsis-induced AKI.

6.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(1): 293-296, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554837

RESUMO

Although most acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients can achieve complete remission (CR) induced by standardized chemotherapy, but the relapse rate after remission remains high. The key reason is its high heterogeneity in cytogenetics and molecular biology. There are evidences show that minimal residual disease (MRD) is closely associated with disease recurrence, so that, finding specific genetic and molecular biological changes as new targets for MRD detection has become a research hotspot in recent years. In this review the intrinsic relationship between relapse of AML and MRD detection of specific molecular events, the application of these new targets in MRD detection and their targeted therapies according to the latest guidelines, so as to achieve the optimal treatment in CR phase.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão
7.
Chem Res Toxicol ; 34(3): 920-928, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464047

RESUMO

As an abundant protein in milk and blood serum, bovine serum albumin (BSA) contains various sites to bind a lot of bioactive components, generating BSA-monoligand complex. Demonstration of the interaction between BSA and bioactive components (such as heme, flavonoids) is important to develop effective carrier for the protection of bioactive ligands and to reduce cytotoxicity of heme. Herein, the bindings of BSA to quercetin and/or heme were investigated by multispectroscopic and molecular docking methods. The fluorescence of protein was significantly quenched by both quercetin and heme in a static mode (i.e., generation of BSA-ligand complex). Although quercetin had lower affinity to protein than heme, the interactions of both compounds with protein did locate in site I (i.e., subdomain IIA). BSA-diligand complex was successfully generated after the coaddition of quercetin and heme. The cytotoxicity of free heme to endothelial cells was reduced in the BSA-diligand complex relative to that of heme or BSA-monoligand complex, while the stability of bioactive quercetin was promoted in the complex relative to free flavonoid. The complex provided a better inhibition on the cytotoxicity of heme than BSA-monoligand complex, in which the copresence of quercetin played a vital role.

8.
Cancer Immunol Res ; 9(3): 348-361, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441309

RESUMO

Conventional dendritic cells (cDC) play a central role in T-cell antitumor responses. We studied the significance of Notch-regulated DC immune responses in a mouse model of colitis-associated colorectal cancer in which there is epithelial downregulation of Notch/Hes1 signaling. This defect phenocopies that caused by GMDS (GDP-mannose 4,6-dehydratase) mutation in human colorectal cancers. We found that, although wild-type immune cells restrained dysplasia progression and decreased the incidence of adenocarcinoma in chimeric mice, the immune system with Notch2 deleted in all blood lineages or in only DCs promoted inflammation-associated transformation. Notch2 signaling deficiency not only impaired cDC terminal differentiation, but also downregulated CCR7 expression, reduced DC migration, and suppressed antigen cross-presentation to CD8+ T cells. Transfer of Notch-primed DCs restrained inflammation-associated dysplasia progression. Consistent with the mouse data, we observed a correlation between infiltrating cDC1 and Notch2 signaling in human colorectal cancers and found that GMDS-mutant colorectal cancers showed decreased CCR7 expression and suppressed cDC1 signature gene expression. Suppressed cDC1 gene signature expression in human colorectal cancer was associated with a poor prognosis. In summary, our study supports an important role for Notch2 signaling in cDC1-mediated antitumor immunity and indicates that Notch2-controlled DCs restrain inflammation-associated colon cancer development in mice.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416323

RESUMO

The interface problem caused by the contact between the electrodes and the solid electrolyte was the main factor hindering the development of solid-state batteries. To enhance the electrode|solid electrolyte interface property, we designed a hybrid electrolyte, the combination of x vol % Li1.3Al0.3Ti1.7(PO4)3 (LATP) inorganic solid electrolyte and 1 - x vol % liquid organic electrolyte (LE). In this work, the 1 - x vol % LE was dropped between the electrode and the solid electrolyte, and it is found that the electrochemical performance of the LiFePO4|Li solid-liquid hybrid battery is significantly improved. At the current density of 0.1 and 0.5 C, the LATP with 15% liquid organic electrolyte could deliver a specific capacity of 160.5 and 124.3 mAh g-1, respectively; moreover, the specific discharge capacity remained as high as 111 mAh g-1 at 0.5 C after 100 cycles, indicating that the larger interface impedance was eliminated. The LE may have three functions: (1) forming a solid-liquid electrolyte interphase on the surface of the LATP particles to prevent further reduction of LATP, (2) wetting the electrode and solid electrolyte to reduce the interface resistance, and (3) improving interfacial Li-ion transport.

10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(1): 404-413, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395297

RESUMO

Myeloperoxidase (MPO)-dependent hypochlorous acid (HOCl) generation plays crucial roles in diabetic vascular complications. As a natural polyphenol, quercetin has antioxidant properties in various diabetic models. Herein, we investigated the therapeutic mechanism for quercetin on MPO-mediated HOCl generation and endothelial dysfunction in diabetic vasculature. In vitro, the presence of MPO could amplify high glucose-induced endothelial dysfunction which was significantly inhibited by the NADPH oxidase inhibitor, HOCl or H2O2 scavengers, revealing the contribution of MPO/H2O2/HOCl to vascular endothelial injury. Furthermore, quercetin effectively inhibited MPO/high glucose-mediated HOCl generation and cytotoxicity to vascular endothelial cells. The inhibitive effect on MPO activity was related to the fact that quercetin reduced high glucose-induced H2O2 generation in endothelial cells and directly acted as a competitive substrate for MPO, thus limiting MPO/H2O2-dependent HOCl production. Moreover, quercetin could attenuate HOCl-caused endothelial dysfunction in endothelial cells and isolated aortas. In vivo, dietary quercetin significantly inhibited aortic endothelial dysfunction in diabetic mice, while this compound simultaneously suppressed vascular MPO expression and activity. Therefore, it was demonstrated herein that quercetin inhibited endothelial injury in diabetic vasculature via suppression of MPO/high glucose-dependent HOCl formation.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(1): 010503, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480791

RESUMO

High-quality long-distance entanglement is essential for both quantum communication and scalable quantum networks. Entanglement purification is to distill high-quality entanglement from low-quality entanglement in a noisy environment and it plays a key role in quantum repeaters. The previous significant entanglement purification experiments require two pairs of low-quality entangled states and were demonstrated in tabletop. Here we propose and report a high-efficiency and long-distance entanglement purification using only one pair of hyperentangled state. We also demonstrate its practical application in entanglement-based quantum key distribution (QKD). One pair of polarization spatial-mode hyperentanglement was distributed over 11 km multicore fiber (noisy channel). After purification, the fidelity of polarization entanglement arises from 0.771 to 0.887 and the effective key rate in entanglement-based QKD increases from 0 to 0.332. The values of Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality of polarization entanglement arises from 1.829 to 2.128. Moreover, by using one pair of hyperentanglement and deterministic controlled-NOT gates, the total purification efficiency can be estimated as 6.6×10^{3} times than the experiment using two pairs of entangled states with spontaneous parametric down-conversion sources. Our results offer the potential to be implemented as part of a full quantum repeater and large-scale quantum network.

12.
Food Chem ; 334: 127598, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707363

RESUMO

A multi-residue method has been developed for the identification and quantification of 78 compounds from seven different classes of veterinary drugs in eggs. This method was based on dispersive solid phase extraction where mixed-mode cation exchange sorbent was used to combine the isolation of compounds and sample purification. The analysis was performed using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and the chromatographic run time of one injection was 9.5 min. The mean recovery ranged from 70.5% to 119.2% and inter-day relative standard deviation was less than 17.0%. The limit of quantification ranged between 0.1 and 1 µg/kg, which was sufficient to support surveillance monitoring. Lastly, the method was successfully used to detect residues of veterinary drug in real samples. The dietary exposure risk was subsequently assessed using the results of the survey, indicating that the evaluated daily intake and percentage of acceptable daily intake were at toxicologically acceptable levels.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Ovos/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Drogas Veterinárias/análise , Animais , China , Exposição Dietética/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Nível de Efeito Adverso não Observado , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Ticks Tick Borne Dis ; 12(1): 101586, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059172

RESUMO

The distribution and prevalence of zoonotic pathogens infecting ixodid ticks in Western Europe have been extensively examined. However, data on ticks and tick-borne pathogens in Eastern Europe, particularly Ukraine are scarce. The objective of the current study was, therefore, to investigate the prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Anaplasmataceae, Rickettsia spp., Babesia spp., Bartonella spp., and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in engorged and questing ixodid ticks collected from five administrative regions (oblasts) of Ukraine, namely Chernivtsi, Khmelnytskyi, Kyiv, Ternopil, and Vinnytsia. The ticks were collected from both wild and domestic animals and from vegetation. Of 524 ixodid ticks collected, 3, 99, and 422 ticks were identified as Ixodes hexagonus, Ixodes ricinus, and Dermacentor reticulatus, respectively. DNA samples individually extracted from 168 questing and 354 engorged adult ticks were subjected to pathogen-specific PCR analyses. The mean prevalence in I. ricinus and D. reticulatus were, respectively: 10 % (10/97) and 3 % (12/422) for A. phagocytophilum; 69 % (67/97) and 52 % (220/422) for members of the Anaplasmataceae family; 25 % (24/97) and 28 % (117/422) for Rickettsia spp.; 3 % (3/97) and 1 % (6/422) for Babesia spp.; and 9 % (9/97) and 5 % (20/422) for Bartonella spp. Overall, between the five cities, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of any of the pathogens for the respective ticks (p > 0.05). The prevalence of B. burgdorferi s. l. in the questing and engorged I. ricinus varied from 0 to 27 % and 14-44%, respectively, with no statistical significance identified between the five cities (p > 0.05). In addition to reporting the updated data for Kyiv and Ternopil, this study is the first to provide the prevalences of the tick-borne pathogens for Chernivtsi, Khmelnytskyi, and Vinnytsia. This investigation is also the first to detect Neoehrlichia mikurensis in ixodid ticks from Ukraine. These new data will be useful for medical and veterinary practitioners as well as public health officials when diagnosing infections and when implementing measures to combat tick-borne diseases in Ukraine.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(49): e23449, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285740

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Multiorgan/system injury was observed in severely infected coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, in addition to viral pneumonia. Recognizing and correcting the key and immediate dysfunctions may reduce mortality. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 66-year-old previously healthy male patient was referred to the isolation ward in Guanggu Branch of Hubei Province Maternity and Childcare Hospital with a high fever and nonproductive cough for twenty days. DIAGNOSES: Diagnosis of severe COVID-19 infectious pneumonia was established by travel history, clinical features, chest imaging, and a positive oropharyngeal swab specimen result for the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 RT-PCR assay. INTERVENTIONS: In addition to standard supportive care, combined inflammatory cytokine depletion therapy (double filtration plasma pheresis and tocilizumab) and convalescent plasma were administered. OUTCOMES: The patient's homeostatic parameters (blood pressure, heart rate, spontaneous respiration, SPO2, and blood gas) recovered, along with the recovery on chest imaging. All the intravenous catheters were removed. Supportive care continued for several days, and the patient was transferred to a non-ICU isolation ward. LESSONS: It is not safe to draw causal conclusions between cytokine depletion and clinical manifestation improvement with only 1 case, but this is a potential research direction in facing the COVID-19 crisis.

15.
Glycobiology ; 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351914

RESUMO

Successful hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) transplant therapy is improved by mobilizing HPCs from the bone marrow niche in donors. Notch receptor-ligand interactions are known to retain HPCs in the bone marrow, and neutralizing antibodies against Notch ligands, JAG1 or DLL4, or NOTCH2 receptor potentiates HPC mobilization. Notch-ligand interactions are dependent on posttranslational modification of Notch receptors with O-fucose and are modulated by Fringe-mediated extension of O-fucose moieties. We previously reported that O-fucosylglycans on Notch are required for Notch receptor-ligand engagement controlling hematopoietic stem cell quiescence and retention in the marrow niche. Here we generated recombinant fragments of NOTCH1 or NOTCH2 extracellular domain carrying the core ligand binding regions (EGF11-13) either as unmodified forms or as O-fucosylglycan-modified forms. We found that the addition of O-fucose monosaccharide or the Fringe-extended forms of O-fucose to EGF11-13 showed substantial increases in binding to DLL4. Further, the O-fucose and Fringe-extended NOTCH1 EGF11-13 protein displayed much stronger binding to DLL4 than the NOTCH2 counterpart. When assessed in an in vitro 3D osteoblastic niche model, we showed that the Fringe-extended NOTCH1 EGF11-13 fragment effectively released lodged HPC cells with a higher potency than the NOTCH2 blocking antibody. We concluded that O-fucose and Fringe-modified NOTCH1 EGF11-13 protein can be utilized as effective decoys for stem cell niche localized ligands to potentiate HPC egress and improve HPC collection for hematopoietic cell therapy.

16.
Aging Cell ; 19(11): e13235, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068460

RESUMO

Incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and brain iron accumulation increases with age. Excess iron accumulation in brain tissues post-ICH induces oxidative stress and neuronal damage. However, the mechanisms underlying iron deregulation in ICH, especially in the aged ICH model have not been well elucidated. Ferroportin1 (Fpn) is the only identified nonheme iron exporter in mammals to date. In our study, we reported that Fpn was significantly upregulated in perihematomal brain tissues of both aged ICH patients and mouse model. Fpn deficiency induced by injecting an adeno-associated virus (AAV) overexpressing cre recombinase into aged Fpn-floxed mice significantly worsened the symptoms post-ICH, including hematoma volume, cell apoptosis, iron accumulation, and neurologic dysfunction. Meanwhile, aged mice pretreated with a virus overexpressing Fpn showed significant improvement of these symptoms. Additionally, based on prediction of website tools, expression level of potential miRNAs in ICH tissues and results of luciferase reporter assays, miR-124 was identified to regulate Fpn expression post-ICH. Higher serum miR-124 levels were correlated with poor neurologic scores of aged ICH patients. Administration of miR-124 antagomir enhanced Fpn expression and attenuated iron accumulation in aged mice model. Both apoptosis and ferroptosis, but not necroptosis, were regulated by miR-124/Fpn signaling manipulation. Our study demonstrated the critical role of miR-124/Fpn signaling in iron metabolism and neuronal death post-ICH in aged murine model. Thus, Fpn upregulation or miR-124 inhibition might be promising therapeutic approachs for this disease.

17.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(19): 19060-19072, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052138

RESUMO

MiR-26 has been suggested to play a tumor-suppressive role in cancer development, which could be influenced by the mutate pri-miR-26ª-1. Molecular epidemiological studies have demonstrated some inconsistent associations between pri-miR-26ª-1 rs7372209 C>T polymorphism and cancer risk. We therefore performed this meta-analysis with multivariate statistic method to comprehensively evaluate the associations between rs7372209 C>T polymorphism and cancer risk. Eleven publications involving 6,709 patients and 6,514 controls were identified. Multivariate analysis indicated that the over-dominant genetic model was most likely. Pooled results indicated no significant association in the overall population (CC+TT vs. CT: OR=1.08, 95%CI=0.96-1.22, P=0.20, I2=54.4%), as well as the subgroup analysis according to ethnicity, control source, tumor locations, and HWE status of controls. In addition, heterogeneity, accumulative, sensitivity analysis, publication bias and trial sequential analysis (TSA) were conducted to test the statistical power. Overall, our results indicated that the pri-miR-26a-1 rs7372209 C>T polymorphism may not be a potential risk for cancer development.

18.
Appl Spectrosc ; : 3702820966322, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031004

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects more than 10% of the global population and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In most cases, this disease is developed silently, and it can progress to the end-stage renal failure. Therefore, early detection becomes critical for initiating effective interventions. Routine diagnosis of CKD requires both blood test and urinalyses in a clinical laboratory, which are time-consuming and have low sensitivity and specificity. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is an emerging method for rapidly assessing kidney function or injury. This study was designed to compare the differences between the SERS properties of the serum and urine for easy and simple detection of CKD. Enrolled for this study were 126 CKD patients (Stages 2-5) and 97 healthy individuals. SERS spectra of both the serum and urine samples were acquired using a Raman spectrometer (785 nm excitation). The correlation of chemical parameters of kidney function with the spectra was examined using prinicpal component analysis (PCA) combined with linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and partial least squares (PLS) analysis. Here, we showed that CKD was discriminated from non-CKD controls using PCA-LDA with a sensitivity of 74.6% and a specificity of 93.8% for the serum spectra, and 78.0% and 86.0 % for the urine spectra. The integration area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.937 ± 0.015 (p < 0.0001) for the serum and 0.886 ± 0.025 (p < 0.0001) for the urine. The different stages of CKD were separated with the accuracy of 78.0% and 75.4% by the serum and urine spectra, respectively. PLS prediction (R2) of the serum spectra was 0.8540 for the serum urea (p < 0.001), 0.8536 for the serum creatinine (p < 0.001), 0.7500 for the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (p < 0.001), whereas the prediction (R2) of urine spectra was 0.7335 for the urine urea (p < 0.001), 0.7901 for the urine creatinine (p < 0.001), 0.4644 for the eGFR (p < 0.001) and 0.6579 for the urine microalbumin (p < 0.001). In conclusion, the accuracy of associations between SERS findings of the serum and urine samples with clinical conclusions of CKD diagnosis in this limited number of patients is similar, suggesting that SERS may be used as a rapid and easy-to-use method for early screening of CKD, which however needs further evaluation in a large cohort study.

19.
ACS Comb Sci ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118820

RESUMO

A high throughput combinatorial synthesis utilizing inkjet printing of precursor inks was used to rapidly evaluate Bi-alloying into double perovskite oxides for enhanced visible light absorption. The fast visual screening of photo image scans of the library plates identifies 4-metal oxide compositions displaying an increase in light absorption, which subsequent UV-vis spectroscopy indicates is due to bandgap reduction. Structural characterization by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy demonstrates that the visually darker composition range contains Bi-alloyed Sm2MnNiO6 (double perovskite structure), of the form (Bi,Sm)2MnNiO6. Bi alloying not only increases the visible absorption but also facilitates crystallization of this structure at the relatively low annealing temperature of 615 °C. Investigation of additional seven combinations of a rare earth (RE) and a transition metal (TM) with Bi and Mn indicates that Bi-alloying on the RE site occurs with similar effect in the family of rare earth oxide double perovskites.

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