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1.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13959, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a classic chronic recurrent inflammatory skin disease characterized by skin inflammation and abnormal biological behavior of keratinocytes. Although Signal Transducer And Activator Of Transcription 2 (STAT2) was found to play an important role in the Janus kinase (JAK)-STAT signaling pathway and contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriasis, its exact role in psoriasis remains unclear. METHODS: Using bioinformatics analysis, we identified the key pathways that significantly impacted psoriatic lesions. After identifying the critical molecule gene differentially expressed in multiple public databases using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis, clinical samples were collected to validate the gene's significance. Its functions and underlying mechanism were also investigated in vitro. Lastly, we evaluated the diagnostic and therapeutic power of the target gene using the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), and gene association was assessed using Spearman correlation. RESULTS: A significant correlation was found between cysteine-aspartic acid protease3 (Caspase3) and STAT2, and functional enrichment analysis revealed that they were both significantly up-regulated in psoriatic skin lesions compared to non-lesional tissues. Functional analysis revealed that Caspase3 functioned downstream of STAT2 in psoriasis. Lastly, we found that Caspase3 and STAT2 could be potential biomarkers for diagnosing and treating psoriasis. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, STAT2 overexpression contributes to psoriasis progression by regulating Capase3 phosphorylation to induce excessive apoptosis of keratinocytes. Meanwhile, STAT2 and Capase3 were identified as promising biomarkers for the diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis and could be used for individualized treatments.

2.
PeerJ ; 11: e14628, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655045

RESUMO

Background: Turtle vocalizations play an important role throughout their lives by expressing individual information (position, emotion, or physiological status), reflecting mating preferences, and synchronizing incubation. The Chinese striped-neck turtle (Mauremys sinensis) is one of the most widely distributed freshwater turtles in China, whose wild population is critically endangered. However, its vocalization has not been studied, which can be the basis for behavioral and ecological studies. Methods: Five different sex-age groups of turtles were recorded underwater in a soundproof room. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis for classification of Chinese striped-neck turtle calls were unreasonable. The turtle calls were manually sought using visual and aural inspection of the recordings in Raven Pro 1.5 software and classified according to differences perceived through auditory inspection and the morphological characteristics of the spectrograms. The results of similarity analysis verified the reliability of manual classification. We compared the peak frequency of the calls among different age and sex groups. Results: We identified ten M. sinensis call types, displayed their spectra and waveforms, and described their auditory characteristics. Most calls produced by the turtles were low-frequency. Some high-frequency call types, that are common in other turtle species were also produced. Similar to other turtles, the Chinese striped-neck turtle generates harmonic vocalizations. Courtship behaviors were observed when one of the call types occurred in the mixed-sex group. Adult females produced more high-frequency call types, and subadult males had higher vocalizations than other groups. These results provide a basis for future research on the function of vocalizations, field monitoring, and conservation of this species.


Assuntos
Tartarugas , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , China
3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657461

RESUMO

It is highly desirable to fabricate an accessible catalyst surface that can efficiently activate reactants and desorb products to promote the local surface reaction equilibrium in heterogeneous catalysis. Herein, rare-earth oxycarbonates (Ln2O2CO3, where Ln = La and Sm), which have molecular-exchangeable (H2O and CO2) surface structures according to the ordered layered arrangement of Ln2O22+ and CO32- ions, are unearthed. On this basis, a series of Ln2O2CO3-supported Cu catalysts are prepared through the deposition precipitation method, which provides excellent catalytic activity and stability for the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction. Density functional theory calculations combined with systematic experimental characterizations verify that H2O spontaneously dissociates on the surface of Ln2O2CO3 to form hydroxyl by eliminating the carbonate through the release of CO2. This interchange efficiently promotes the WGS reaction equilibrium shift on the local surface and prevents the carbonate accumulation from hindering the active sites. The discovery of the unique layered structure provides a so-called "self-cleaning" active surface for the WGS reaction and opens new perspectives about the application of rare-earth oxycarbonate nanomaterials in C1 chemistry.

4.
Food Funct ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655723

RESUMO

Correction for 'Curcumol inhibits breast cancer growth via NCL/ERα36 and the PI3K/AKT pathway' by Zhou Lu Wei et al., Food Funct., 2023, https://doi.org/10.1039/d2fo02387c.

5.
Plants (Basel) ; 12(2)2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678996

RESUMO

The addition of functional bacteria (FB) is low-cost and is widely applied in saline-alkali soil remediation, which may gradually become ineffective due to inter-specific competition with indigenous bacteria. To improve the adaptability of FB, the target FB strains were isolated from local saline-alkali soil, and the combined effects of FB and biochar were explored. The results showed that FB isolated from local soil showed better growth than the purchased strains under high saline-alkali conditions. However, the indigenous community still weakened the function of added FB. Biochar addition provided a specific niche and increased the relative abundance of FB, especially for Proteobacteria and Bacteroidota. As a result, the co-addition of 10% biochar and FB significantly increased the soil available phosphorus (AP) by 74.85% and available nitrogen (AN) by 114.53%. Zea Mays's growth (in terms of height) was enhanced by 87.92% due to the decreased salinity stress and extra nutrients provided.

6.
Viruses ; 15(1)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680206

RESUMO

Norovirus is the leading viral agent of gastroenteritis in humans. RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) is essential in the replication of norovirus RNA. Here, we present a comprehensive evolutionary analysis of the norovirus GI RdRp gene. Our results show that the norovirus GI RdRp gene can be divided into three groups, and that the most recent common ancestor was 1484. The overall evolutionary rate of GI RdRp is 1.821 × 10-3 substitutions/site/year. Most of the amino acids of the GI RdRp gene were under negative selection, and only a few positively selected sites were recognized. Amino acid substitutions in the GI RdRp gene accumulated slowly over time. GI.P1, GI.P3 and GI.P6 owned the higher evolutionary rates. GI.P11 and GI.P13 had the faster accumulation rate of amino acid substitutions. GI.P2, GI.P3, GI.P4, GI.P6 and GI.P13 presented a strong linear evolution. These results reveal that the norovirus GI RdRp gene evolves conservatively, and that the molecular evolutionary characteristics of each P-genotype are diverse. Sequencing in RdRp and VP1 of norovirus should be advocated in the surveillance system to explore the effect of RdRp on norovirus activity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Caliciviridae , Norovirus , Humanos , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA/genética , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA/metabolismo , Norovirus/genética , Norovirus/metabolismo , Genótipo , Aminoácidos/genética , Evolução Molecular , Filogenia
7.
Mol Ther ; 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639869

RESUMO

Abraxas 2 (ABRO1 or KIAA0157), a component of lysine63-linked deubiquitinating system, its role in the cardiomyocyte proliferation and myocardial regeneration is unknown. Here, we found that ABRO1 regulates cardiomyocyte proliferation and cardiac regeneration in the postnatal heart by targeting METTL3-mediated m6A methylation of Psph mRNA. The deletion of ABRO1 increased cardiomyocyte proliferation in hearts and restored the heart function after myocardial injury. On the contrary, ABRO1-overexpressing administration significantly inhibited the neonatal cardiomyocyte proliferation and cardiac regeneration in mice hearts. The mechanism that ABRO1 regulates cardiomyocyte proliferation mainly involved METTL3-mediated Psph mRNA methylation and CDK2 phosphorylation. At the early postnatal period, METTL3-dependent m6A methylation promotes cardiomyocyte proliferation by hypermethylation of Psph mRNA and upregulating PSPH expression. PSPH dephosphorylates cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), a positive regulator of cell cycle, at Thr14/Tyr15 and increases its activity. Upregulation of ABRO1 restricts METTL3 activity and halts the cardiomyocyte proliferation in the postnatal hearts. Thus, our study reveals that ABRO1 is an imperative contributor in the cell cycle withdrawal and attenuation of proliferative response in the postnatal cardiomyocytes and could act as a potential target to accelerate cardiomyocyte proliferation and cardiac repair in the adult heart.

8.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(1): 1-6, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647635

RESUMO

As one of the most diverse microbial communities within the human body, the oral microbiome is an important component that contributes to the maintenance of human health. The microbial composition of different sites in the oral cavity varies significantly and a dynamic equilibrium is maintained through communications with the environment and oral and distal organs of the host. It has been reported that there is significant correlation between dysbiotic oral microbiome and the occurrence or progression of a variety of systemic diseases. In this review, we summarized recent advances in research on the relationship between oral microbiome and systemic health, focusing on the interaction and pathological mechanisms between oral microbiome and systemic health and hoping to provide new avenues for the early prevention and clinical diagnosis and treatment of systemic diseases.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Humanos , Boca , Disbiose
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenic missense mutations of the gelsolin (GSN) gene lead to familial amyloidosis of the Finnish type (FAF); however, our previous study identified GSN frameshift mutations existed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The GSN genotype-phenotype heterogeneity and the role of GSN frameshift mutations in patients with AD are unclear. METHOD: In total, 1192 patients with AD and 1403 controls were screened through whole genome sequencing, and 884 patients with AD were enrolled for validation. Effects of GSN mutations were evaluated in vitro. GSN, Aß42, Aß40 and Aß42/40 were detected in both plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). RESULTS: Six patients with AD with GSN P3fs and K346fs mutations (0.50%, 6/1192) were identified, who were diagnosed with AD but not FAF. In addition, 13 patients with AD with GSN frameshift mutations were found in the validation cohort (1.47%, 13/884). Further in vitro experiments showed that both K346fs and P3fs mutations led to the GSN loss of function in inhibiting Aß-induced toxicity. Moreover, a higher level of plasma (p=0.001) and CSF (p=0.005) GSN was observed in AD cases than controls, and a positive correlation was found between the CSF GSN and CSF Aß42 (r=0.289, p=0.009). Besides, the GSN level was initially increasing and then decreasing with the disease course and cognitive decline. CONCLUSIONS: GSN frameshift mutations may be associated with AD. An increase in plasma GSN is probably a compensatory reaction in AD, which is a potential biomarker for early AD.

10.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 18(1): 12, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidences have been indicated that FGF23 is associated with the biological behavior of malignant tumors, but its role in osteosarcoma and the specific mechanism need to be elucidated. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of FGF23 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells, and the possible molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Western blot was used to detect differences in FGF23 expression in osteosarcoma cells MG-63 and U2-OS and osteoblasts hFOB1.19. FGF23-overexpressing adenoviruses and FGF-silencing plasmids were transfected into osteosarcoma cells, and transfection efficiency was verified using Western blot. MTT and colony formation assays were performed to detect osteosarcoma cell proliferation. Cell cycle was measured by flow cytometry. Scratch assay, holographic imaging cell analyzer Holomonitor ® M4 and transwell were applied to detect cell migration and invasion. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to validate the interaction between FGF23 and miR-340-5p. Changes in miR-340-5p mRNA levels were measured by QRT-PCR. RESULTS: FGF23 is highly expressed in osteosarcoma cells compared to hFOB1.19. Overexpression of FGF23 significantly promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of MG-63 and U2-OS cells. MiR-340-5p is a target of FGF23. Transfection of miR-340-5p mimics reversed the promoting effects of FGF23 on proliferation, migration and invasion of MG-63 and U2-OS cells. CONCLUSION: FGF23 promotes osteosarcoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion by targeting miR-340-5p gene expression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23 , MicroRNAs , Osteossarcoma , Humanos , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23/genética , Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos 23/metabolismo
11.
Planta ; 257(2): 35, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624317

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: This review proposed that phytoremediation could be applied for the decontamination of MPs/NPs. Micro- and nano-plastics (MPs < 5 mm; NPs < 100 nm) are emerging contaminants. Much of the recent concerns have focused on the investigation of their pollution and their potential eco-toxicity. Yet little review was available on the decontamination of MPs/NPs. Recently, the uptake of MPs/NPs by plants has been confirmed. Here, in view of the current knowledge, this review introduces MPs/NPs pollution and highlights the updated information about the interaction between MPs/NPs and plants. This review proposed that phytoremediation could be a potential possible way for the in situ remediation of MPs/NPs-contaminated environment. The possible mechanisms, influencing factors, and existing problems are summarized, and further research needs are proposed. This review herein provides new insights into the development of plant-based process for emerging pollutants decontamination, as well as the alleviation of MPs/NPs-induced toxicity to the ecosystem.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Microplásticos , Biodegradação Ambiental , Ecossistema , Transporte Biológico
12.
J Clin Med ; 12(1)2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615158

RESUMO

(1) Background: There are few studies on people at high risk for clinical pancreatic cancer (PC). We aimed to explore the risk factors of PC and establish a scale for identifying high-risk populations of clinical PC. (2) Methods: We conducted a matched case-control study, retrospectively collecting demographic data and common clinical indicators from all subjects. Logistic regression was used to explore the risk factors of PC. Based on these factors, we created a high-risk population rating scale, which showed a higher diagnostic value. (3) Results: 385 cases and 428 controls were finally enrolled in our study. Multivariate analysis showed that body mass index (BMI) below 18.5 kg/m2 (OR 5.944, 95%CI: 1.759~20.084), smoking (OR 2.745, 95%CI: 1.555~4.844), new-onset diabetes (OR 5.239, 95%CI: 2.091~13.125), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels (OR 1.790, 95%CI: 1.044~3.069), and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels no less than 35 U/mL (OR 160.328, 95%CI: 83.392~308.243) were associated with an increased risk of PC, whereas high total cholesterol (TC) levels were related to a lower risk of PC (OR 0.392, 95%CI: 0.211~0.730). The high-risk population scale, whose area under the receiver operating curve reached 0.948 (p < 0.001), showed a greater clinical diagnostic value. (4) Conclusions: Smoking history, new-onset diabetes, BMI, TC, HDL-C, and CA19-9 levels were associated with the risk of PC. The high-risk population rating scale might be used for early clinical PC screening.

13.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(6): 1364-1370, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453424

RESUMO

The trigeminal root entry zone is the zone at which the myelination switches from peripheral Schwann cells to central oligodendrocytes. Its special anatomical and physiological structure renders it susceptible to nerve injury. The etiology of most primary trigeminal neuralgia is closely related to microvascular compression of the trigeminal root entry zone. This study aimed to develop an efficient in vitro model mimicking the glial environment of trigeminal root entry zone as a tool to investigate the effects of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor on the structural and functional integrity of trigeminal root entry zone and modulation of cellular interactions. Primary astrocytes and Schwann cells isolated from trigeminal root entry zone of postnatal rats were inoculated into a two-well silicon culture insert to mimic the trigeminal root entry zone microenvironment and treated with glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor. In monoculture, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor promoted the migration of Schwann cells, but it did not have effects on the migration of astrocytes. In the co-culture system, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor promoted the bidirectional migration of astrocytes and Schwann cells. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor markedly promoted the activation and migration of astrocytes. However, in the co-culture system, brain-derived neurotrophic factor inhibited the migration of astrocytes and Schwann cells to a certain degree. These findings suggest that glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor are involved in the regulation of the astrocyte-Schwann cell interaction in the co-culture system derived from the trigeminal root entry zone. This system can be used as a cell model to study the mechanism of glial dysregulation associated with trigeminal nerve injury and possible therapeutic interventions.

14.
Food Funct ; 14(2): 874-885, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36537297

RESUMO

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy worldwide. ERα36 (ERα66 variant) is expressed in many breast cancer cells, especially highly expressed in tamoxifen (TAM)-resistant cell lines and triple-negative breast cancer, and our previous work revealed that nucleolin (NCL) is a protein target of curcumol. This study is aimed at investigating the effect and mechanism of curcumol on ERα36 positive breast cancer cells, and the relationship between curcumol's target protein NCL and ERα36. Study design: Application of in vivo and in vitro studies to reveal the mechanism of curcumol in inhibiting BC growth and the relationship between curcumol's target protein NCL and ERα36. Methods: The anti-tumor effect of curcumol was quantified via an MTT assay, colony formation and cycle arrest, respectively. The expressions of ERα36, NCL and the proteins involved in PI3K/AKT signaling were evaluated by western blotting. The interaction between two proteins was detected using co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and an immunofluorescence assay. A mouse xenograft model was established to verify the role of ERα36 in breast cancer cells and curcumol's effect on ERα36 positive cancer cells. Results: Curcumol inhibited the cell growth, caused cell cycle arrest, decreased cell cycle related proteins and inactivated the PI3K/AKT pathway in ERα36 positive breast cancer cells. There is a positive correlation between NCL and ERα36 in breast cancer cells. In addition, ERα36 bound to NCL; the two proteins were distributed in the nucleus, cytoplasm and plasma membrane, where their expression was obviously decreased by curcumol. Moreover, NCL silenced by NCL siRNA blocked the cell cycle progress and inhibited the activation of PI3K/AKT in MDA-MB-231 cells, while overexpressed ERα36 increased the expression of NCL, promoted the cell cycle progress and enhanced the activity of PI3K/AKT in MCF-7 cells. NCL knockdown or ERα36 overexpression attenuated the effect of curcumol on breast cancer cells. Conclusion: Curcumol reduced the proliferation of breast cancer cells by targeting NCL/ERα36 and inactivating the PI3K/AKT pathway.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Feminino , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
15.
J Adv Res ; 43: 147-161, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36585105

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Considerable evidence has linked periodontitis (PD) to hypertension (HTN), but the nature behind this connection is unclear. Dysbiosis of oral microbiota leading to PD is known to aggravate different systematic diseases, but the alteration of oral microbiota in HTN and their impacts on blood pressure (BP) remains to be discovered. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the alterations of oral and gut microbiota and their roles in HTN. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional (95 HTN participants and 39 controls) and a 6-month follow-up study (52 HTN participants and 26 controls) to analyze the roles of oral and gut microbiota in HTN. Saliva, subgingival plaques, and feces were collected for 16S rRNA gene sequencing or metagenomic analysis. C57BL/6J mice were pretreated with antibiotics to deplete gut microbiota, and then transplanted with human saliva by gavage to test the impacts of abnormal oral-gut microbial transmission on HTN. RESULTS: BP in participants with PD was higher than no PD in both cross-sectional and follow-up cohort. Relative abundances of 14 salivary genera, 15 subgingival genera and 10 gut genera significantly altered in HTN and those of 7 salivary genera, 12 subgingival genera and 6 gut genera significantly correlated with BP. Sixteen species under 5 genera were identified as oral-gut transmitters, illustrating the presence of oral-gut microbial transmission in HTN. Veillonella was a frequent oral-gut transmitter stably enriched in HTN participants of both cross-sectional and follow-up cohorts. Saliva from HTN participants increased BP in hypertensive mice. Human saliva-derived Veillonella successfully colonized in mouse gut, more abundantly under HTN condition. CONCLUSIONS: PD and oral microbiota are strongly associated with HTN, likely through oral-gut transmission of microbes. Ectopic colonization of saliva-derived Veillonella in the gut may aggravate HTN. Therefore, precise manipulations of oral microbiota and/or oral-gut microbial transmission may be useful strategies for better prevention and treatment of HTN.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hipertensão , Microbiota , Periodontite , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Estudos Transversais , Seguimentos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
16.
Ann Plast Surg ; 90(1): 56-60, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36534101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chondrolaryngoplasty is a classical facial feminization surgery for transgender women. In recent years, however, an increasing number of patients assigned female at birth are seeking chondrolaryngoplasty for esthetic purposes. Traditional chondrolaryngoplasty can no longer cope with problems of the growing group whose leading cause of laryngeal prominence differs from the transgender population. METHODS: A modified technique is designed as a supplement to the classical procedure. After the cartilage reduction process, paired platysma flaps are raised and advanced successively, resulting in an overlapped area over the thyroid notch, to further camouflage the thyroid prominence. To evaluate the efficiency of the new technique, a retrospective survey of 34 patients (5 men and 29 women) who underwent the surgery from 2016 to 2021 was performed, via a 5-point Likert scale including 7 questions. Physician assessment was also accomplished to provide an extra estimation. Complications were followed up and analyzed to evaluate the safety of modified surgery as well. RESULTS: Although only half of the patients graded prominence changes more than "moderately changed," as many as 75.0% of them still expressed "completely satisfied" or "satisfied very much" with the outcome. Similarly, physician assessment indicated a satisfactory result in appearance improvement. No severe and irreversible complications occurred after surgery, but lasting scar-related issues were reported by 4 patients and should be paid more attention to. CONCLUSIONS: Generally speaking, the new technique is both safe, efficient, and satisfying for most patients, especially ones assigned females at birth with esthetic demand.


Assuntos
Transexualidade , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cartilagem Tireóidea/cirurgia , Transexualidade/cirurgia , Pescoço/cirurgia
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(1): 1685-1692, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36579770

RESUMO

Developing red thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters concurrently with high efficiency and emission color close to the BT.2020 red standard is an ongoing challenge. Herein, we developed a new red TADF emitter BCN-TPA, in which two identical donors are attached at the para-positions of one fused phenyl ring in the acceptor framework. Such an arrangement mode can lead the donors with an obvious superimposed effect comparing the conventional arrangement with edge-capped donors on the acceptor. Thus, BCN-TPA yields enhanced overall donor strength with numerous superiorities, such as high oscillator strength and narrow singlet-triplet energy difference, thus giving rise to red-shifted emission with improved overall exciton utilization. In an organic light-emitting diode, BCN-TPA presents efficient deep-red electroluminescence with a maximum external quantum efficiency of 27.6% and a peak at 656 nm, corresponding to CIE coordinates of (0.686, 0.304), which are very close to the red primary in the BT.2020 standard. To the best of our knowledge, this is one of the topmost efficiencies in the field of deep-red TADF OLEDs. This work exemplifies an easy design principle for constructing high-performance deep-red TADF emitters, providing unique molecular-level insights toward improving color quality and elevating efficiency based on conventional D-A type molecular frameworks.

18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36473526

RESUMO

Hypocrellins are fungal perylenequinones (PQs) from Shiraia fruiting bodies and potential photosensitizers for cancer photodynamic therapy. Shiraia fruiting bodies harbor diverse bacterial communities dominated by Pseudomonas. The present study was to characterize the exopolysaccharide (EPS) of P. fulva SB1 which acted as an elicitor to stimulate the PQ accumulation of the host Shiraia. A bacterial EPS named EPS-1 was purified from the culture broth of P. fulva SB1, which consisted of mannose (Man) and glucose (Glc) with an average molecular weight of 9.213 × 104 Da. EPS-1 had (1 → 2)-linked α-mannopyranose (Manp) backbone and side chains of α-D-Manp-(1→ and α-D-Manp-(1 → 6)-ß-D-Glcp-(1 → 6)-α-D-Manp(1 → group attached to the O-6 positions of (1 → 2)-α-D-Manp. EPS-1 at 30 mg/L stimulated both intracellular and extracellular hypocrellin A (HA) by about 3-fold of the control group. The EPS-1 treatment up-regulated the expression of key genes for HA biosynthesis. The elicitation of HA biosynthesis by EPS-1 was strongly dependent on the induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. The results may provide new insights on the role of bacterial EPS in bacterium-fungus interactions and effective elicitation strategy for hypocrellin production in mycelial cultures.

19.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 175447, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36473594

RESUMO

Vascular calcification (VC) is the pathological deposition of calcium and phosphate minerals in blood vessels, which is a common complication of atherosclerosis. Polypeptide N-acetylgalactosamine transferase 3 (GALNT3) initiates O-glycosylation of proteins through addition of GalNAc to specific serine or threonine residues. Our previous studies revealed the potent role of GALNT3 in atherosclerosis, whereas the precise mechanisms remain obscure. This study investigated the regulatory effect and mechanism of GALNT3 on VC. Firstly, GALNT3 was overexpressed and knocked down by adenovirus in high-phosphate induced calcified HASMCs and overexpressed by adeno-associated virus in vitamin D3-induced arterial calcification mice. We showed that the calcium deposition and mRNA expression of osteogenic markers MSX2, ALPL, and Runx2 were all significantly reduced with GALNT3 overexpression. Moreover, overexpression of GALNT3 significantly down-regulated the expression of the oxidative stress markers Nox2 and Nox4, up-regulated total antioxidant capacity, decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory factors IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-8, matrix metalloproteinases MMP2 and MMP9, as well as reduced the apoptosis of cells in phosphate induced HASMCs. Furthermore, Vicia Villosa Lectin (VVL) pull down and TNFR1 immunoprecipitation assays showed that GALNT3 overexpression increased O-GalNAcylation of TNFR1 and blocked the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway. In addition, GALNT3 attenuates vitamin D3-induced aortic calcification in mice by alleviating oxidative stress and apoptosis of smooth muscle cells. In conclusion, this study indicates that GALNT3 protects against VC by reducing oxidative stress, vascular inflammation, and apoptosis of smooth muscle cells through the TNFR1/NF-κB signaling pathway. Thus, GALNT3 may be a potential therapeutic target for VC.

20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1036398, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504990

RESUMO

Background: Lead hazards are ubiquitous in the environment, and lead exposure has been proved to damage human health. Nevertheless, there is limited data on the global burden of diseases attributable to lead exposure. In this study, we evaluated the temporal-spatial trend of disease burden caused by lead exposure in 204 countries and territories from 1990 to 2019. Methods: Based on Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019, deaths, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) and DALYs rate (ASDR) were estimated by region, country, sex and age. The estimated annual percentage change (EAPC) was calculated to assess the temporal trends of ASMR and ASDR between 1990 and 2019. Results: Global deaths increased from 0.53 (95% UI: 0.31, 0.77) to 0.90 (95% UI: 0.55, 1.29) million, and the number of DALYs increased from 16.02 (95% UI: 10.32, 22.17) to 21.68 (95% UI: 13.81, 30.30) million between 1990 and 2019. China, India and Bangladesh were top three countries with the largest number of deaths and DALYs in 2019. The ASMR (per 100,000 population) decreased from 14.47 (95% UI: 8.40, 21.43) to 11.48 (95% UI: 7.00, 16.49) with EAPC of -0.75 (95% UI: -0.87, -0.64), and the ASDR (per 100,000 population) decreased from 378.01 (95% UI: 240.55, 524.18) to 267.52 (95% UI: 170.57, 373.44) with EAPC of -1.19 (95% UI: -1.32, -1.07). Most of disease burden of lead exposure occurred in the men and elderly population. Stroke and ischemic heart disease were two key sources of disease burden of lead exposure. Also, a negative association between sociodemographic index (SDI) and disease burden of lead exposure was observed. Conclusions: Lead exposure poses a significant disease burden globally, and is still a great threat to public health. Primary prevention measures of reducing lead exposure in the environment are essential.


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Chumbo , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Bangladesh , China , Índia
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