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1.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(4): 302-307, 2020 Apr 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370481

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the impact of different admission ways on the timeliness of percutaneous coronary intervention and in-hospital mortality in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 1 044 patients with STEMI, who received primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in 9 hospitals in Chengdu from January 2017 to June 2019, were retrospectively enrolled. According to the admission ways, patients were divided into ambulance group (n=100), self-transport group (n=584) and transferred group (n=360). Timeliness and in-hospital mortality were compared among the groups. Indicators of timeliness included the time from symptoms onset to arrive at the hospital, the time from arrive at the hospital to balloon and the total myocardial ischemia time (the time from symptoms to balloon). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to verify whether the admission ways was the determinant for in-hospital death in STEMI patients receiving PPCI. Results: The median total myocardial ischemic time in the ambulance group was significantly shorter than that in the self-transport group (180.0 (135.0, 282.0) minutes vs. 278.0 (177.8, 478.5) minutes, P<0.05) and the transferred group (180.0 (135.0, 282.0) minutes vs. 301.0 (204.3, 520.8) minutes, P<0.05). The median time from symptoms to door was as follows: ambulance group0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that admission way was not significantly associated with in-hospital death (P>0.05). Conclusions: STEMI patients, who are admitted through the medical emergency system, are more likely to receive timely interventional therapy.Different admission ways have no impact on in-hospital mortality.

7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 5176-5177, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432783

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 broke out in China at the end of 2019 and spread rapidly around the world. The World Health Organization designated COVID-19 as a global pandemic on March 11, 2020. China has adopted its own country-specific comprehensive prevention and control measures, and, as a result, the domestic COVID-19 epidemic became effectively controlled in China in mid-March 2020. During the COVID-19 epidemic, remarkable changes have taken place in China's domestic learning, living, and working methods, primarily in terms of the synergy between the Internet Plus (Internet+) strategy and the leadership of the Chinese government.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Internet , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , China , Comércio , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Educação a Distância , Governo Federal , Humanos , Liderança , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
8.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(5): 378-385, 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450654

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between smoking and the severity of coronary lesions among young and middle-aged female patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: Data of this study were derived from the Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China (CCC)-ACS project, a collaborative study of the Chinese Society of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. Since 2014, the CCC-ACS project consecutively enrolled inpatients with ACS, systematically collected their clinical data and evaluated medical quality of these patients from 158 tertiary hospitals and 82 secondary hospitals across China. This study enrolled female patients less than 60 years old with initial ACS, who received coronary angiography in CCC-ACS project. Patients were divided into two groups according to smoking status. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association between smoking and the severity of coronary lesions among young and middle-aged female patients with ACS. Results: A total of 2 863 female patients younger than 60 years old with initial ACS, who received coronary angiography, were enrolled. Among them, 12% (340 cases) was smokers. Proportion of patients younger than 45 years old was higher (13.2% (45/340) vs. 8.5% (215/2 523), P<0.01) and prevalence of hypertension (59.4% (202/340) vs. 66.7% (1 683/2 523), P<0.01) and diabetes (39.4% (134/340) vs. 44.2% (1 116/2 523), P=0.09) was lower in smoker group than in non-smoker group. However, prevalence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (66.8% (227/340) vs. 53.7% (1 354/2 523), P<0.01), coronary multi-vessel lesions (39.1% (133/340) vs. 32.6% (822/2 523), P<0.01) and severe stenosis in either single-vessel (56.2% (109/194) vs. 46.1% (706/1 530), P<0.01) or multi-vessel (63.2% (84/133) vs. 58.2% (478/822), P=0.29) was significantly higher in smoker group than in non-smoker group. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that after adjusting for age, hypertension, diabetes, elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, elevated triglyceride, renal insufficiency, family history of coronary heart disease and types of ACS, smokers faced a higher risk of coronary multi-vessel lesions, coronary multi-vessel severe lesions and coronary severe lesions with the odds ratios and 95% confidence interval of 1.41 (1.11-1.79), 1.40 (1.10-1.78) and 1.78 (1.11-2.87), compared with non-smokers. Conclusions: Smoking is significantly associated with an increased risk of extensive and severe coronary lesions among young and middle-aged female patients with ACS. This study provides crucial evidence for further understanding the harms of smoking and the need to strengthen the tobacco control education and smoking cessation guidance for young and middle-aged women.

9.
Br J Surg ; 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various minimally invasive approaches have been described for infected necrotizing pancreatitis. This article describes a modified minimal-access retroperitoneal pancreatic necrosectomy (MARPN) procedure assisted by gas insufflation. METHODS: This retrospective, observational study documented patients who had undergone a step-up MARPN between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2016. A minimum follow-up of 1 year was required for inclusion. The step-up approach involved percutaneous catheter drainage followed by the modified MARPN and necrosectomy. If more than one access site was needed it was categorized as complex MARPN. RESULTS: Of 212 patients with infected necrotizing pancreatitis, 164 (77·4 per cent) underwent a step-up approach. The median number of percutaneous catheter drains and MARPN procedures was 3 (range 1-7) and 1 (1-6) respectively. Ninety patients (54·9 per cent) underwent complex MARPN. For residual necrosis after MARPN, three patients (1·8 per cent) underwent sinus tract gastroscopy, and 11 (6·7 per cent) had sinography combined with a tube change. However, operations in 13 patients (7·9 per cent) required conversion to open surgery. Postoperative complications developed in 103 patients (62·8 per cent). The mortality rate was 6·1 per cent (10 deaths). CONCLUSION: A step-up approach using a modified MARPN for infected necrotizing pancreatitis is a reasonable option.

10.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32472455

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The prognosis of AML patients with chemotherapy is poor, especially those who are insensitive to and resistant to chemotherapy drugs. To clarify the underlying pathogenesis of AML and provide new therapeutic targets for clinical treatment, we explore the role of circRNA in leukemia. METHODS: High-throughput circRNA sequencing analysis was performed in patients with leukemia and healthy donors. RT-qPCR and western blot analysis were used to determine expression of GSK3ß. RNA pull-down assay was used to detect miRNAs pulled down by hsa_circ_0121582. RNA immunoprecipitation assay was performed to evaluate the binding capacity between TET1 and hsa_circ_0121582. RESULTS: A new and highly stable circRNA was found, which was derived from the reverse splicing of GSK3ß exon 1 to exon 7, and hsa_circ_0121582 was down-regulated in leukemia cells. In gain-of-function experiments, the up-regulated hsa_circ_0121582 inhibited the proliferation of leukemia cells in vitro and in vivo. In the cytoplasm, hsa_circ_0121582 could act as a sponge for miR-224, attenuate the inhibiting effect of miR-224 on GSK3ß, and thus up-regulate the expression level of GSK3ß. In addition, hsa_circ_0121582 could bind to GSK3ß promoter in the nucleus, and recruit DNA demethylase TET1 to ensuring the transcription of GSK3ß. The upregulated GSK3ß inhibited the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, and reduced the aggregation of ß-catenin in the nucleus, thus inhibited the proliferation of leukemia cells. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that hsa_circ_0121582 was involved in the inhibition of tumor proliferation, and the restoration of hsa_circ_0121582 could be an effective treatment strategy for patients with leukemia.

11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(7): 3548-3554, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential effect of microRNA-135b-5p (miR-135b-5p) on the development of ovarian cancer (OC) and to explore the relevant mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of miR-135b-5p in OC tissues and cells was detected by quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). MicroRNA online prediction websites were used to screen the potential targets of miR-135b-5p. Subsequently, luciferase reporter gene assay and Western blot (WB) were performed for further confirmation. In addition, the effects of miR-135b-5p on cell function were analyzed by relevant experiments in vitro. RESULTS: MiR-135b-5p was lowly expressed in both OC tissues and cell lines. Combined with online prediction software, luciferase reporter gene assay and WB, KDM5B was predicted and verified as a downstream target gene of miR-135b-5p. Down-regulating the expression of KDM5B by over-expressing miR-135b-5p in OC cells could effectively control the proliferation and apoptosis of OC cells. Cell proliferation was significantly reduced, while cell apoptosis was promoted after miR-135b-5p mimics transfection in OC cells. CONCLUSIONS: By targeting KDM5B, miR-135b-5p exerted an excellent anti-cancer effect in OC cells. Our findings indicated that miR-135b-5p/KDM5B might become a feasible and new target of OC treatment.

12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(7): 3734-3740, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the role of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) via activating STAT1. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The level of IL-6 mRNA in 48 paired NSCLC tissues and matched normal ones was determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Kaplan-Meier curves were depicted for assessing the overall survival of NSCLC patients with high or low level of IL-6 mRNA. Subsequently, the ZEB2-AS1 level in A549 cells treated with different doses of IL-6 for different time points was determined. After A549 cells were treated with different doses of IL-6, wound closure assays were performed to assess the migration of cells. Protein levels of pSTAT1 and STAT1 in IL-6-treated A549 cells were detected by Western blot. The regulatory effect of STAT1 on IL-6-induced migration of A549 cells was also evaluated. The interaction between ZEB2-AS1 and STAT1 was explored through Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay. Finally, the role of ZEB2-AS1/STAT1 axis in regulating NSCLC cells was investigated through rescue experiments. RESULTS: Our results indicated that IL-6 was upregulated in NSCLC tissues and cancer cell lines. NSCLC patients with T3-T4 or accompanied with lymphatic metastasis had a higher IL-6 abundance than those with T1-T2 or without metastatic foci. The worse prognosis was identified in NSCLC patients with high expression of IL-6 compared to those with low expression. ZEB2-AS1 showed dose-dependent and time-dependent increase in IL-6-treated A549 cells. IL-6 treatment gradually enhanced the migration ability of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner. In IL-6-treated A549 cells, protein level of pSTAT1 was remarkably upregulated, and knockdown of STAT1 significantly reversed the promotive effect of IL-6 on migration ability of A549 cells. The results of ChIP assay verified the interaction between ZEB2-AS1 and STAT1. In addition, ZEB2-AS1 could reverse the regulatory effect of STAT1 on the migration ability of A549 cells. CONCLUSIONS: IL-6 was upregulated in NSCLC and accelerated the progression of NSCLC via activating STAT1/ ZEB2-AS1.

15.
Ann Oncol ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer patients are regarded as a highly vulnerable group in the current Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. To date, the clinical characteristics of COVID-19-infected cancer patients remain largely unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we included cancer patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 from three designated hospitals in Wuhan, China. Clinical data were collected from medical records from 13 January 2020 to 26 February 2020. Univariate and multivariate analyses were carried out to assess the risk factors associated with severe events defined as a condition requiring admission to an intensive care unit, the use of mechanical ventilation, or death. RESULTS: A total of 28 COVID-19-infected cancer patients were included; 17 (60.7%) patients were male. Median (interquartile range) age was 65.0 (56.0-70.0) years. Lung cancer was the most frequent cancer type (n = 7; 25.0%). Eight (28.6%) patients were suspected to have hospital-associated transmission. The following clinical features were shown in our cohort: fever (n = 23, 82.1%), dry cough (n = 22, 81%), and dyspnoea (n = 14, 50.0%), along with lymphopaenia (n = 23, 82.1%), high level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (n = 23, 82.1%), anaemia (n = 21, 75.0%), and hypoproteinaemia (n = 25, 89.3%). The common chest computed tomography (CT) findings were ground-glass opacity (n = 21, 75.0%) and patchy consolidation (n = 13, 46.3%). A total of 15 (53.6%) patients had severe events and the mortality rate was 28.6%. If the last antitumour treatment was within 14 days, it significantly increased the risk of developing severe events [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.079, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.086-15.322, P = 0.037]. Furthermore, patchy consolidation on CT on admission was associated with a higher risk of developing severe events (HR = 5.438, 95% CI 1.498-19.748, P = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: Cancer patients show deteriorating conditions and poor outcomes from the COVID-19 infection. It is recommended that cancer patients receiving antitumour treatments should have vigorous screening for COVID-19 infection and should avoid treatments causing immunosuppression or have their dosages decreased in case of COVID-19 coinfection.

17.
J Hosp Infect ; 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have estimated the burden of infections due to antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) pathogens in China. AIM: To summarize antimicrobial resistance and assess the frequency of community-associated infections (CAIs) and healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) due to AMR pathogens in Dongguan city, China. METHODS: Seven acute care hospitals provided antimicrobial susceptibility data for 2017, from which 'bug-drug' combinations were analysed. To calculate incidence proportions of CAI and incidence densities of HCAI, data from three tertiary care hospitals were merged with patient data, obtained from the Dongguan Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System. FINDINGS: A total of 16,548 pathogens were analysed. Non-susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins (3GCs) in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae was 43.9% and 30.2%, respectively. Non-susceptibility to carbapenems in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii was 29.5% and 50.9%, respectively. A quarter of Staphylococcus aureus (26.3%) were non-susceptible to oxacillin. The incidence density of HCAI due to E. coli non-susceptible to 3GCs and fluoroquinolones combined was 0.09 (95% confidence interval: 0.07-0.11) per 1000 patient-days. Both E. coli and K. pneumoniae were the predominant pathogens isolated from blood. Compared with the 2017 European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network report, the incidence proportion of bloodstream infections due to multidrug-resistant E. coli was significantly higher (14.9% and 4.6%, respectively). CONCLUSION: The incidence of non-susceptible bug-drug combinations in Dongguan city was lower compared with China as a whole. Non-susceptible bug-drug combinations were significantly more frequent in HCAI compared with CAI. The incidence proportion of bloodstream infections due to multidrug-resistant pathogens in Dongguan City was higher compared with Europe.

18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 3397-3399, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271457

RESUMO

On December 31, 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported a cluster of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. As of February 29, 2020, the National Health Commission of China has reported 79,389 confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection in 34 provinces. The masks can be used to block respiratory transmission from human to human, and are an effective way to control influenza. It is, therefore, necessary to wear a mask when respiratory infectious diseases are prevalent. China has a population of 1.4 billion. Assuming that two-thirds of the people in China must wear a mask every day, the daily demand for masks will reach 900 million. The Chinese government has taken many measures to solve these problems. Additionally, more measures should be taken to properly dispose of mask garbage. Although the outbreak originated in China, person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 has been confirmed, which means that it can be spread to anywhere in the world if prevention measures fail. The issues regarding face mask shortages and garbage in China, therefore, deserve worldwide attention.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças , Máscaras/provisão & distribução , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
19.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(3): 368-372, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294837

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the association between low air temperature and influenza incidence in winter in 31 provinces in China. Methods: Influenza incidence and meteorological data were collected from January, 2004 to December, 2016 in 31 provinces in China. Distributed lag nonlinear model was applied to evaluate the association between low air temperature and influenza incidence in early and late winter, after controlling for the long-term trend, as well as the effect of "day of week" . Results: The influenza incidence increased from 4/100 000 in 2004 to 22/100 000 in 2016 in China, showing an overall increasing trend. The incidences of some provinces were lower than 5/100 000, such as Heilongjiang, Liaoning and Jilin, but the incidences of influenza in Gansu, Hebei, Guangdong, Beijing were higher than 30/100 000 in some years. From January to June, the influenza incidence showed a decreasing trend with the increase of air temperature, but the influenza incidence showed a rising trend from July to December with the decrease of air temperature. In early winter, low air temperature had the highest influence on the incidence of influenza in Beijing, the RR was 2.90 (2.57-3.28), but in late winter, low air temperature had the highest influence on the incidence of influenza in Tibet, the RR was 3.37 (2.03-5.58). In early winter, low temperature had the highest influence on the incidence of influenza in northeastern China, the RR was 2.04 (1.48-2.79), but in late winter, low air temperature had the highest influence in southern China, the RR was 1.77 (1.61-1.94). There were area specific difference in the influence of low air temperature on the incidence of influenza between early winter and late winter. Conclusions: The correlation between low air temperature in winter and influenza incidence exists. The influenza of early and late winter on influenza incidence varies with different areas. We should take appropriate protective measures according to local conditions.

20.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(3): 244-249, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234183

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the current status and changes of disease burden of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases in 1990 and 2016 for Beijing people. Methods: Using the results of the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2016 (GBD 2016) to describe deaths status and disease burden of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases in Beijing. The measurement index included the total deaths, years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL), years lived with disability (YLD), and disability-adjusted years (DALY). Using the average world population from 2000 to 2025 as standard population to calculate the age-standardized mortality rate, DALY rate, YLL rate and YLD rate. Results: The age-standardized mortality rate of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases was 209.24 per 100 000. In 2016, DALY, YLL and YLD of cardio-cerebrovascular was 875.6, 733.6 and 142.0 thousand person-years, respectively, which has increased by 58.05%, 44.24% and 213.47%, respectively, than that in 1990. The age-standardized DALY rate and age-standardized YLL rate of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases in 2016 was 3 552.24 and 2 988.01 per 100 000 which has decreased by 47.90% and 52.43%, respectively, than that in 1990. The age-standardized YLD rate of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases in 2016 was 564.23 per 100 000 which increased by 5.10% than that in 1990. In 2016, the total death of cerebrovascular disease and ischemic heart disease was 17.6 thousand and 23.7 thousand, respectively. DALY was 396.3 and 393.6 thousand person-years in 2016, while 330.2 and 162.7 thousand person-years in 1990, which has increased by 20.02% and 141.92%, respectively. Conclusions: The disease burden of cardio-cerebrovascular disease is serious, especially the burden of cerebrovascular disease and ischemic heart disease. The disability burden of cerebrovascular disease is serious. The disease burden of ischemic heart disease has multiplied.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares , Pessoas com Deficiência , Pequim , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Humanos , Mortalidade Prematura , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
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