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1.
Small ; : e2205692, 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36494182

RESUMO

Chemodynamic therapy (CDT) utilizes Fenton or Fenton-like reactions to convert hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) into cytotoxic hydroxyl radicals (•OH) and draws extensive interest in tumor therapy. Nevertheless, high concentrations of glutathione (GSH) and insufficient endogenous H2 O2 often cause unsatisfactory therapeutic efficacy. Herein, a GSH-depleting and H2 O2 self-providing carrier-free nanomedicine that can efficiently load indocyanine green (ICG), ß-lapachone (LAP), and copper ion (Cu2+ ) (ICG-Cu2+ -LAP, LICN) to mediate synergetic photothermal and chemotherapy in enhanced chemodynamic therapy is designed. The results show that  LICNs successfully enter tumors owing to the enhanced permeability and retention effect. Through the reductive intracellular environment, Cu2+ in LICN can react with intracellular GSH, alleviate the antioxidant capacity of tumor tissues, and trigger the release of drugs. When LICN is subjected to near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, enhanced photothermal effect and upregulated expression of NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) are observed. Meanwhile, the released LAP not only supports chemotherapy but also catalyzes NQO1 and produces sufficient endogenous H2 O2 , thereby increasing the efficiency of Cu+ -based Fenton-like reaction. Notably, GSH depletion and H2 O2 self-sufficiency generate sufficient •OH and kill tumor cells with high specificity. Overall, the study provides an innovative strategy to self-regulate GSH and H2 O2 levels for effective anticancer therapy.

2.
Chem Sci ; 13(42): 12560-12566, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382283

RESUMO

The intrinsic electronic states of transition metal-containing SERS substrates, especially the effect of spin state on the detection sensitivity, still remain unknown. Herein, we propose a simple co-precipitation approach to form trimetallic MIL-101(FeNiTi) with high-spin (HS) Fe3+ as a result of geometric distortion of the octahedral symmetry. Using methylene blue as a demonstration, the trimetallic MIL-101(FeNiTi) shows a high enhancement factor (EF) of 6.1 × 106, a low detection limit of 10-9 M and excellent detection stability after long-term preservation. X-ray absorption fine structure and photoelectron spectra demonstrate that coupling between high-spin Fe3+ and aliovalent transition metals Ni2+ and Ti4+ with different filling degree of 3d eg-orbitals results in electron delocalization. The DFT calculation suggests that MIL-101(FeNiTi) with high-spin Fe3+ favors molecular adsorption and the charge transfer from the molecule to MIL-101(FeNiTi) is promoted, benefitting from the enhanced electron delocalization, which both contribute to the distinguished SERS performance of MIL-101(FeNiTi). This finding provides in-depth mechanistic understanding of the effect of the spin state of transition metals on mediating SERS activity, which is expected to efficiently promote the development of SERS platforms based on non-noble metals.

3.
Heliyon ; 8(11): e11503, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411886

RESUMO

Metformin is a drug that has been applied in clinical use for many years for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It achieves its function through multiple targets and modulation of multiple signaling pathways. To date, the mechanism of the action of metformin is still not fully understood. Along with glycemic control, metformin has shown good inhibitory effects on the development of many tumors. Here, we elucidated that plasma exosomal microRNA-122-5p (miR-122) is closely related to the mechanism of metformin. MiR-122 regulates glycogen-glucose metabolism in hepatocytes or hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HCC) by inhibiting the phosphorylation of AMPK. Since miR-122 and metformin regulate glucose metabolism homeostasis through similar mechanisms, miR-122 can antagonize the effects of metformin. MiR-122 expression increases the sensitivity of hepatocytes or HCC to metformin. Conversely, decreased expression of miR-122 results in hepatocyte insensitivity to metformin. Therefore, significantly elevated levels of miR-122 in plasma exosomes of hepatocellular carcinoma patients could enhance their sensitivity to metformin. The results of the present study revealed a key regulatory role of plasma exosomal miR-122 on the molecular mechanism of metformin. The regulation of key molecules of related signaling pathways by miR-122 may lead to similar glycemic lowering and tumor suppression therapeutic effects as metformin. This provides new ideas for the development of new therapeutic strategies for hepatocellular carcinoma based on the mechanism of miR-122 and metformin.

4.
Foods ; 11(21)2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36359984

RESUMO

This study aimed to develop a novel pH-sensing biopolymer film based on red cabbage puree (RCP) incorporated with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), which was utilized for monitoring fish freshness during storage at 25 °C. A homogenized RCP suspension with a mean particle size of 12.86 ± 0.03 µm and a total anthocyanin concentration of 292.17 ± 2.65 mg/L was directly used as a film-forming substance and anthocyanin source to blend with PVA, showing visual changes in color and ultraviolet-visible spectra within a pH of 2-12. Rheological and microstructural studies certified the strong interactions and good compatibility between the RCP and PVA, resulting in better mechanical properties and water resistance of the composite film than those of a pure RCP film, but without affecting its pH sensitivity. When used for fish freshness monitoring at 25 °C, the developed RCP/PVA film presented visible color differences from purple to yellow, which corresponded to the spoilage threshold of the total volatile basic nitrogen and the total viable count in fish samples. The study highlights that anthocyanin-rich purees of fruits and vegetables, in this case red cabbage puree, can be fully utilized to develop eco-friendly pH-sensing indicator films for intelligent food packaging.

5.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1047479, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438117

RESUMO

Moldy peanut seeds are damaged by mold, which seriously affects the germination rate of peanut seeds. At the same time, the quality and variety purity of peanut seeds profoundly affect the final yield of peanuts and the economic benefits of farmers. In this study, hyperspectral imaging technology was used to achieve variety classification and mold detection of peanut seeds. In addition, this paper proposed to use median filtering (MF) to preprocess hyperspectral data, use four variable selection methods to obtain characteristic wavelengths, and ensemble learning models (SEL) as a stable classification model. This paper compared the model performance of SEL and extreme gradient boosting algorithm (XGBoost), light gradient boosting algorithm (LightGBM), and type boosting algorithm (CatBoost). The results showed that the MF-LightGBM-SEL model based on hyperspectral data achieves the best performance. Its prediction accuracy on the data training and data testing reach 98.63% and 98.03%, respectively, and the modeling time was only 0.37s, which proved that the potential of the model to be used in practice. The approach of SEL combined with hyperspectral imaging techniques facilitates the development of a real-time detection system. It could perform fast and non-destructive high-precision classification of peanut seed varieties and moldy peanuts, which was of great significance for improving crop yields.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427616

RESUMO

MXene-based functional textiles have been widely studied and applied in many fields. However, the service stability of MXene combined with textile substrates in the environment is far from ideal, which makes its practical application a great challenge. Here we introduced gallic acid (GA), as natural reactive polyphenol compound to silk fibers through enzymatic polymerization, which significantly improved the durability of its conductivity. The small molecules of GA can covalently bind to the titanium atoms on the MXene nanosheets, and the tyrosine residues from silk fibroins can be enzymatically oxidized by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and further coupled with GA simultaneously, thus forming a covalent cross-linked network on the fiber surfaces. Furthermore, the durable MXene-based textile was used to manufacture smart dual-driven thermal devices with temperature monitoring, which can judge the real-time temperature during heating by changes in its apparent color. More importantly, the textile with smart temperature visualization also offers good EMI shielding and superior UV resistance, while retaining its inherent moisture-wicking, breathable and softness. The present work provides a new insight for the preparation of MXene-based multifunctional textile, and the smart visualization of dual-driven heating shows promising applications in practical personal thermal management.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361289

RESUMO

Workplace accidents are of great concern in the construction industry. Most of those accidents are caused by unsafe behavior in the workplace. Many previous studies have analyzed the causes of workers' unsafe behaviors, but few have investigated workers' feelings of insecurity from the perspective of systematic psychological theory. This study developed an attitude-behavior-intervention feedback loop mechanism of construction workers and used the dual-attitude theory to explain the occurrence mechanisms of unsafe behavior. Using this mechanism, an active-intervention system-dynamics model and a passive-intervention system-dynamics model were designed and simulated. The coefficient of the system dynamics equation in the simulation model involved meta-analysis to combine the correlation coefficients of existing studies, which increased the sample size and improved the statistical test efficiency. The results show that an implicit safety attitude has a more significant impact on safety behavior, and the effect of an active intervention is stronger than that of a passive intervention. Based on these results, this paper presents some feasible suggestions to reduce the probability of unsafe worker behaviors occurring.


Assuntos
Indústria da Construção , Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Acidentes de Trabalho/prevenção & controle , Acidentes de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Atitude , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Gestão da Segurança/métodos
9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 222(Pt A): 1560-1577, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195235

RESUMO

Superhydrophobic and hydrophobic properties are generally created by adopting low surface free energy materials. Therefore, most studies have focused on creating surface hydrophobicity by using hydrophobic or fluorinated materials. However, few studies are reported on realizing surface hydrophobicity by directly introducing hydrophilic molecules, which is also a challenge. Herein, with platinum nanozyme as the catalyst, the novel hydrophobic coatings have been rapidly gained via anchoring the polymer of hydrophilic gallic acid and chitosan or chitosan quaternary ammonium salt onto cotton fabric surface. Notably, the novel hydrophobic coatings exhibit significant advances compared with conventional hydrophobic ones created by utilizing fluorinated or hydrophobic materials, which breaks the limitation of employing low surface energy materials for gaining surface hydrophobicity. Subsequently, the sodium methyl silicate was grafted on the polymer's coatings to strengthen surface hydrophobicity and the abrasion resistance of hydrophobicity. Interestingly, the heating could induce the hydrophilicity of cotton fabric to recover to hydrophobicity. Moreover, the hydrophobic coatings also possess good photothermal conversion, UV resistance, and anti-oxidation activity for self-cleaning application and oil water separation. Briefly, the present work may open a new direction for preparing novel hydrophobic coatings by combining gallic acid and chitosan-based macromolecular carbohydrates.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Quitosana/química , Silício , Ácido Gálico , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Têxteis
10.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 219: 112829, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137339

RESUMO

The dual-function antibacterial and photothermal melanin-like nanoparticles (Ag NPs@Fe3+-SMNPs) were prepared and used for fabric modification. The modified fabric had excellent photothermal and antibacterial performance. By Xenon lamp irradiation, the temperature of the fabric surface rises rapidly to over 80 °C in 30 s. The modified fabric had the photothermal sterilization rates of 99% against E. coli or S. aureus after 10 min of Xenon lamp irradiation. Meanwhile, Ag NPs provided excellent antibacterial properties to the modified fabric used in daily life, and the antibacterial rate of the modified fabric was 99%. Additionally, the modified fabric showed excellent air and moisture permeability, and had excellent photothermal and antibacterial properties after 20 times of washing and 100 times of rubbing. The modified fabric was modified with the antibacterial and photothermal dual-function melanin-like nanoparticles, showing great potential in personal protective equipment (such as masks) to meet people's needs in the future.

11.
J Mater Sci ; 57(29): 13903-13913, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910044

RESUMO

Without any chemical agent, gold nanosheets (AuNSs) were controllable synthesized through a facile photo-induced reduction within bacterial cellulose (BC) biopolymers. Compared with traditional polymers, AuNSs modified BC biopolymers (AuNSs@BC) biopolymers exhibited similar levels of softness, ductility, and better tensile strength. The in situ constructing of AuNSs@BC biopolymers was demonstrated to provide great reusability and antibacterial activities and towards both of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Escherichia coli (E. coli). The optimized AuNSs@BC biopolymers remain at least 95% antibacterial activities after three cycles. The facile and shape-controlled synthesis of AuNSs@BC biopolymers is believed to be useful for the design and application of biomass-based medical dressing. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s10853-022-07273-x.

12.
Food Res Int ; 159: 111130, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940746

RESUMO

The occurrence of pellicle on the surface of paocai brine is a common undesirable phenomenon during the multi-rounds of paocai fermentation, which is mainly caused by the growth of microorganisms related to pellicle formation. But the detailed information on these microorganisms and volatile components produced by them, as well as the changes of the microorganisms during the process of paocai recovery, are still rare in the literature. Therefore, the purpose of this study was (1) to analyze the pellicle formation related microorganisms by comparing the differential microorganisms in initial brine and the brine when pellicle occurred through metagenomic sequencing technology, (2) to explore the changes of microorganisms in the fermentation system after addition Baijiu and/or salt, and (3) to further detect the VOCs in paocai samples by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The relationship between VOCs and the selected marker microorganisms was also determined. The results showed that the diversity of fungi was increased when pellicle formed, the pellicle formation related microorganisms mainly belonged to six genus, including Kazachstania, Lactobacillus, Pichia, Candida, Lachancea, and Saccharomyces. Apart from the unknown function and basic life activities of microorganisms, the metabolic activities of these pellicle formation related microorganisms were mainly carbohydrate transport and metabolism, and amino acid transport and metabolism. The growth of pellicle formation related microorganisms could be inhibited by adding Baijiu (1.5% v/v), but the addition of salt (7% salt (w/v) did not promote this inhibitory effect. Through PCA analysis, it was found that the VOCs of paocai were significantly affected by adding Baijiu and Baijiu and salt. The undesirable smell at the beginning of pellicle formation may be related to Propanoic acid, hexyl ester, 1,3-Dimethyl-1-cyclohexene, Oxime-, methoxy-phenyl- and Phenylethyl Alcohol.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus , Saccharomycetales , Fermentação , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Metagenoma , Metagenômica , Pichia
13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 217: 552-561, 2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35843400

RESUMO

Textiles with efficient moisture management provide a comfortable microenvironment for human body. However, little attention has been paid to sweat-induced bacterial growth alongside. In this study, chitooligosaccharide (COS) was used to modify lysozyme (Lyz-COS) to obtain more excellent antibacterial activity. Lyz-COS could undergo an amyloid-like aggregation by reducing its disulfide bond and hydrogen bond triggered by thiourea dioxide (TD). The Phase-Transited Lyz-COS (PTL-COS) coating increases the hydrophilicity and antibacterial properties of wool fabrics, which can withstand 50 washing cycles and 100 rubbing cycles. In addition, two methods are proposed to customize Janus wool fabrics as desired. Method 1: The PTL-COS film was prepared first, and then the film was transferred to one side of the wool fabric. Method 2: Simply spray the PTL-COS solution on one side of the wool fabric. These two processes are simple to operate and can be customized on demand, enabling single transport of sweat and inhibiting sweat-induced bacterial growth. This work underlines the significance of chitooligosaccharide-modified PTL coatings for functionalization of textile surfaces and provides new insights into the development of more adaptable and smarter textiles and clothing.


Assuntos
Muramidase , Fibra de Lã , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Quitosana , Humanos , Muramidase/análise , Oligossacarídeos , Têxteis , Lã/química
14.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3339, 2022 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680921

RESUMO

Hierarchically structured chiral luminescent materials hold promise for achieving efficient circularly polarized luminescence. However, a feasible chemical route to fabricate hierarchically structured chiral luminescent polycrystals is still elusive because of their complex structures and complicated formation process. We here report a biomimetic non-classical crystallization (BNCC) strategy for preparing efficient hierarchically structured chiral luminescent polycrystals using well-designed highly luminescent homochiral copper(I)-iodide hybrid clusters as basic units for non-classical crystallization. By monitoring the crystallization process, we unravel the BNCC mechanism, which involves crystal nucleation, nanoparticles aggregation, oriented attachment, and mesoscopic transformation processes. We finally obtain the circularly polarized phosphors with both high luminescent efficiency of 32% and high luminescent dissymmetry factor of 1.5 × 10-2, achieving the demonstration of a circularly polarized phosphor converted light emitting diode with a polarization degree of 1.84% at room temperature. Our designed BNCC strategy provides a simple, reliable, and large-scale synthetic route for preparing bright circularly polarized phosphors.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Medições Luminescentes , Cristalização , Luminescência
15.
Biochem Biophys Rep ; 31: 101297, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35770038

RESUMO

SMC (structural maintenance of chromosomes) complexes share conserved architectures and function in chromosome maintenance via an unknown mechanism. Here we have used single-molecule techniques to study MukBEF, the SMC complex in Escherichia coli. Real-time movies show MukB alone can compact DNA and ATP inhibits DNA compaction by MukB. We observed that DNA unidirectionally slides through MukB, potentially by a ratchet mechanism, and the sliding speed depends on the elastic energy stored in the DNA. MukE, MukF and ATP binding stabilize MukB and DNA interaction, and ATP hydrolysis regulates the loading/unloading of MukBEF from DNA. Our data suggests a new model for how MukBEF organizes the bacterial chromosome in vivo; and this model will be relevant for other SMC proteins.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(7): 1913-1920, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534262

RESUMO

This study explored whether Sagittaria sagittifolia polysaccharides(SSP) activates the nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) signaling pathway to protect against liver damage jointly induced by multiple heavy metals. First, based on the proportion of dietary intake of six heavy metals in rice available in Beijing market, a heavy metal mixture was prepared for inducing mouse liver injury and HepG2 cell injury. Forty male Kunming mice were divided into five groups: control group, model group, glutathione positive control group, and low-and high-dose SSP groups, with eight mice in each group. After 30 days of intragastric administration, the liver injury in mice was observed by HE staining. In the in vitro experiment, MTT assay was conducted to detect the effects of SSP at 0.25, 0.5, 1, and 2 mg·mL~(-1) on HepG2 cell survival at different time points. The content of alanine transaminase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) in the 48-h cell culture fluid was measured using micro-plate cultivation method, followed by the detection of the change in reactive oxygen species(ROS) content by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 in cells were determined by RT-PCR, and their protein expression by Western blot. HE staining results showed that compared with the model group, the SSP administration groups exhibited significantly alleviated inflammatory cell infiltration and fatty infiltration in the liver, with better outcomes observed in the high-dose SSP group. In the in vitro MTT assay, compared with the model group, SSP at four concentrations all significantly increased the cell survival rate, decreased the ALT, AST, and ROS content(P<0.05), and down-regulated Nrf2 and HO-1 mRNA and protein expression(P<0.05). SSP significantly improves inflammatory infiltration in the liver tissue of mice exposed to a variety of heavy metals and corrects the liver fat degeneration, which may be related to its regulation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway, reduction of ROS, and alleviation of oxidative damage.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Sagittaria , Animais , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Fígado , Masculino , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sagittaria/genética , Sagittaria/metabolismo
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 213: 96-109, 2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35636528

RESUMO

Functional textiles with antibacterial properties and UV protection are essential for human health. However, the process of functional modification of textiles is usually done with the help of chemical cross-linking agents to improve the bonding fastness of functional finishing agents on textiles. The use of chemical cross-linking agents is not eco-friendly enough and is prone to chemical waste. In this study, some highly reactive polyamine biomolecules were combined with dopamine quinone, a super adhesive bionic material, to spontaneously construct amino-quinone networks (AQNs) coatings on the surface of cotton fabrics without the addition of chemical crosslinkers. The amino/quinone compounds (A/Q) self-crosslinking reaction is achieved by Michael addition and Schiff base reaction between the quinone group in dopamine quinone and the amino group in chitosan (CTS), chitooligosaccharide (COS) or ԑ-polylysine (ԑ-PL). The combination of polyamines and dopamine quinone during the cotton finishing process imparts antibacterial and UV protection to cotton fabric. The results showed that the AQNs coating modified fabrics had superb UV protection and antibacterial rates of over 96% against both E. coli and S. aureus. In addition, the AQNs coating modified fabrics had good resistance to washing and mechanical abrasion. This study proposes that self-assembled amino-quinone network multifunctional coatings of dopamine quinone and polyamine biomolecules are of guiding significance for the development of environmentally friendly bio-based materials.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Staphylococcus aureus , Antibacterianos/química , Fibra de Algodão , Dopamina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Poliaminas , Quinonas , Têxteis
18.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 875034, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464718

RESUMO

Paclitaxel (PTX) is a broad-spectrum chemotherapy drug employed in the treatment of a variety of tumors. However, the clinical applications of PTX are limited by its poor water solubility. Adjuvants are widely used to overcome this issue. However, these adjuvants often have side effects and poor biodistribution. The smart drug delivery system is a promising strategy for the improvement of solubility, permeability, and stability of drugs, and can promote sustained controlled release, increasing therapeutic efficacy and reducing side effects. Polymeric prodrugs show great advantages for drug delivery due to their high drug loading and stability. There has been some groundbreaking work in the development of PTX-based stimulus-sensitive polymeric prodrug micelles, which is summarized in this study. We consider these in terms of the four main types of stimulus (pH, reduction, enzyme, and reactive oxygen species (ROS)). The design, synthesis, and biomedical applications of stimulus-responsive polymeric prodrugs of PTX are reviewed, and the current research results and future directions of the field are summarized.

19.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 209: 114262, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429772

RESUMO

A novel, portable, and smartphone-based molecularly imprinted polymer electrochemiluminescence (MIP-ECL) sensing platform was constructed for sensitive and selective determination of furosemide (FSM). In this platform, MoSe2 nanoparticles/starch-derived biomass carbon (MoSe2/BC) nanocomposites as imprinted material, lucigenin (Luc) as the energy donor, CdS quantum dots (CdS QDs) were used as the luminophore (energy acceptor), and molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) as the specificity recognition element to construct a MIP-ECL sensing system based on electroluminescence resonance energy transfer (ECL-RET) mechanism, which enhanced the sensitivity and the specificity of this system. Imprinted materials were characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD, FT-IR, etc. and the recognition performance of MIP was characterized using CV, EIS, and ECL methods. The elution and re-sorption of template molecules can be used as a switch to control ECL based on the signal that can be quenched by FSM. Interestingly, deep learning based on convolutional neural networks realizes batch processing of ECL signals. Additionally, this developed MIP-ECL method was established by using the traditional ECL analyzer detector for the assay of FSM with a detection limit of 4 nM in the range of 0.010 µM-100 µM. Besides, the consumer smartphone sensing platform based on deep learning showed an outstanding linear response between the R-value of the picture and the concentration of furosemide in the range of 1-70 µM with a detection limit of 0.25 µΜ, which is much lower than that the reported for other detection methods. More importantly, due to the transferability of deep learning, the smartphone-based MIP-ECL systems can facilitate the real-time monitoring of biochemical analytes in multiple fields.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Aprendizado Profundo , Impressão Molecular , Pontos Quânticos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Furosemida , Limite de Detecção , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Polímeros Molecularmente Impressos , Pontos Quânticos/química , Smartphone , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
20.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 10: goab036, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382165

RESUMO

Background: Bouveret syndrome is characterized by gallstone impaction in the upper gastrointestinal tract causing gastric outlet obstruction. In Bouveret syndrome, endoscopic gallstone removal can avert the need for surgery. However, in cases in which endoscopic therapy is unlikely to succeed, endoscopic attempts delay definitive treatment and compound patient risks. We previously developed a model that predicts endoscopic outcomes from data derived through a systematic review. This tool uses gallstone length, site of impaction, and the number of planned methods of lithotripsy to predict the likelihood of endoscopic success with an accuracy of 81.0%. This study aimed to evaluate our tool performance in an independent, non-training data set and assess endoscopic and surgical outcomes. Methods: Systematic searches of the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases were performed for articles published between 16 April 2018 and 1 June 2021. The data reported after our previous study were harvested and inputted into the tool to evaluate their ability to accurately predict outcomes when compared with actual outcomes. Results: Newly collated data in fields of interest showed no significant statistical differences compared with previous training data sets. Endoscopic therapy was successful in 41.9% of cases. Gallstones of ≤4 cm had a higher chance of successful endoscopic intervention (odds ratio 6.7, 95% confidence interval 1.7-25.8, P < 0.01). Complications of surgery were reported in 29.5%; there was one fatality reported. Post hoc evaluation of our predictive tool demonstrated an AUROC score of 0.80. Conclusions: We have demonstrated in an independent data set that the tool can be used to accurately predict outcomes of endoscopic therapy. Patients in whom endoscopic therapy is most likely to fail should be offered an early surgical opinion.

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