Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 537
Filtrar
1.
Brief Bioinform ; 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32382761

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been associated with cancer immunity regulation and the tumor microenvironment (TME). However, functions of lncRNAs of tumor-infiltrating B lymphocytes (TIL-Bs) and their clinical significance have not yet been fully elucidated. In the present study, a machine learning-based computational framework is presented for the identification of lncRNA signature of TIL-Bs (named 'TILBlncSig') through integrative analysis of immune, lncRNA and clinical profiles. The TILBlncSig comprising eight lncRNAs (TNRC6C-AS1, WASIR2, GUSBP11, OGFRP1, AC090515.2, PART1, MAFG-DT and LINC01184) was identified from the list of 141 B-cell-specific lncRNAs. The TILBlncSig was capable of distinguishing worse compared with improved survival outcomes across different independent patient datasets and was also independent of other clinical covariates. Functional characterization of TILBlncSig revealed it to be an indicator of infiltration of mononuclear immune cells (i.e. natural killer cells, B-cells and mast cells), and it was associated with hallmarks of cancer, as well as immunosuppressive phenotype. Furthermore, the TILBlncSig revealed predictive value for the survival outcome and immunotherapy response of patients with anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1) therapy and added significant predictive power to current immune checkpoint gene markers. The present study has highlighted the value of the TILBlncSig as an indicator of immune cell infiltration in the TME from a noncoding RNA perspective and strengthened the potential application of lncRNAs as predictive biomarkers of immunotherapy response, which warrants further investigation.

2.
Int J Infect Dis ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389849

RESUMO

Coronaviruses, both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 were firstly appeared in China. They have certain similarities in biological, epidemiological and pathological. To data, the researches have shown that their gene exhibit 79% of identical sequence and the receptor-binding domain structure is also very similar. There have been extensive research performed on SARS, however, the understanding of pathophysiology impact of Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19) is still limited. In the review, we draw upon the lessons learnt from SARS in the epidemiology, clinical characteristics and pathogenesis for further understand the features of COVID-19. By comparing these two diseases, we found, COVID-19 has quicker and wider transmission, obvious family agglomeration, higher morbidity and mortality. Newborns, asymptomatic children and normal chest imaging cases were emerged in COVID-19. Children started with gastrointestinal symptoms may progress to severe condition and newborn whose mother was infected with COVID-19 could have severe complications. The laboratory test data showed, the percentage of neutrophils and the level of LDH is higher, otherwise the number of CD4+ and CD8+T cells is decreased in children's COVID-19 cases. Based on these early observations, as pediatrician, we put forward some thoughts on children's COVID-19 and give some recommendations to contain the disease.

4.
J Clin Neurosci ; 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418810

RESUMO

To explore the influence of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level on remote diffusion-weighted imaging lesions (rDWILs) after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). A consecutive cohort of 160 patients with spontaneous ICH who had brain MRI within 4 weeks of ICH onset were collected and analyzed retrospectively. rDWILs showed high signal on diffusion-weighted image (DWI) while low signal on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and at least 20 mm away from the hemorrhage focus. The blood samples were obtained within 24 h after ICH onset from all patients. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in blood were collected from serum biochemical tests. We use multivariate logistic regression analyses to investigate the association between serum LDH level and rDWILs after ICH. The average serum LDH level was 186.5 ± 35.6 U/L. And this level was higher in patients who presented rDWILs than in those without rDWILs. With the best cut-off value of 191 by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, elevated LDH was associated with the presence of rDWILs independently (OR = 1.024, 95%CI = 1.011-1.037, P < 0.001) in the bivariate logistic regression analysis with adjustment for age, sex, previous ischemic stroke/TIA, smoker, SBP on admission, hematoma volume, and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) of LDH ≥ 191 U/L for rDWILs were 70.4%, 72.2%, 33.9%, 94.2%, respectively. Our study suggests serum LDH level has a significant correlation with rDWILs after spontaneous ICH. Patients with higher serum LDH level in 24 h after ICH onset may be a useful predictor for rDWILs occurrence.

6.
J Hepatol ; 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32407813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Neutrophil is one of the most abundant components in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and has been shown to play important roles in regulating disease progression. But neutrophils are characterized as very short-lived cells in circulation, and mechanisms regulating their accumulation and functions in HCC are not yet fully understood. METHODS: Monocytes were purified from non-tumor, or paired tumor tissues of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and their production of neutrophil chemokines was evaluated. Mechanisms regulating the expression of CXCL2/8 by tumor monocytes, and the role of tumor monocytes-derived chemokines and cytokines in modulating neutrophil accumulation and functions were studied with both ex vivo analyses and in vitro experiments. RESULTS: we identified monocytes-derived CXCL2 and CXCL8 as main factors in regulating the recruitment of neutrophils into tumor milieus, and these chemokines, in addition to tumor-derived soluble factors, could inhibit the apoptosis and sustain the survival of neutrophils, thus leading to neutrophil accumulation in tumor tissues. Moreover, monocytes-produced TNF-α could synergistically act with tumor-derived soluble factors to induce pro-metastatic factor OSM production in neutrophils. Further observation found that glycolytic switch in tumor infiltrated monocytes mediated their production of CXCL2 and CXCL8 via the PFKFB3-NF-κB signaling pathway. Accordingly, levels of PFKFB3, CXCL2/CXCL8 production in monocytes and infiltration of OSM-producing neutrophils were positively correlated in human HCC tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Our results unveiled a previously unappreciated interconnected network between monocytes and neutrophils in human HCC, and provided possible targets that could be therapeutically exploited in the future.

7.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286795

RESUMO

Dipole moment (µ) is a critical parameter for molecules and nanomaterials as it affects many properties. In metal-thiolate (SR) nanoclusters (NCs), µ is commonly low (0-5 D) compared to quantum dots. Herein, we report a doping strategy to give giant dipoles (∼18 D) in M23 (M = Au/Ag/Cd) NCs, falling in the experimental trend for II-VI quantum dots. In M23 NCs, high µ is caused by the Cd-Br bond and the arrangement of heteroatoms along the C3 axis. Strong dipole-dipole interactions are observed in crystalline state, with energy exceeding 5 kJ/mol, directing a "head-to-tail" alignment of Au22-nAgnCd1(SR)15X (SR = adamantanethiolate) dipoles. The alignment can be controlled by µ via doping. The optical absorption peaks of M23 show solvent polarity-dependent shifts (∼25 meV) with negative solvatochromism. Detailed electronic structures of M23 are revealed by density functional theory and time-dependent DFT calculations. Overall, the doping strategy for obtaining large dipole moments demonstrates an atomic-level design of clusters with useful properties.

8.
Int J Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-12, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233701

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between refined grains intake and obesity in China. Refined grain intake was considered in relation to energy intake and at varied levels of macronutrient distribution. A cross-sectional study of 6913 participants was conducted using internet-based dietary questionnaire for Chinese (IDQC). The associations and dose-response relationships between refined grains intake and obesity were investigated using multivariable logistic regression analyses and restricted cubic spline (RCS) models. There was a positive association between refined grains intake and abdominal obesity for all participants (forth quartile OR, 1.313; 95% CI, 1.103-1.760; p < .05) and this association persisted in low energy, low carbohydrate, high fat and high protein level subgroups. A range of favourable refined grains intake was 88-116 g/d (3-4 servings/d), which might decrease the likelihood of obesity for Chinese residents. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings.

10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(9): 4931-4943, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277576

RESUMO

Tumour-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a very rare paraneoplastic syndrome with bone pain, fractures and muscle weakness, which is mostly caused by phosphaturic mesenchymal tumours (PMTs). Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has been regarded as a non-invasive liquid biopsy for many malignant tumours. However, it has not been studied in benign tumours, which prompted us to adopt the targeted next-generation sequencing approach to compare cfDNAs of 4 TIO patients, four patients with bone metastasis (BM) and 10 healthy controls. The mutational landscapes of cfDNA in TIO and BM groups were similar in the spectrum of allele frequencies and mutation types. Markedly, deleterious missense mutations in FGFR1 and loss-of-function mutations in MED12 were found in 3/4 TIO patients but none of BM patients. The gene ontology analysis strongly supported that these mutated genes found in TIOs would play a potential role in PMTs' process. The genetic signatures and corresponding change in expression of FGFR1 and FGF23 were further validated in PMT tissues from a test cohort of another three TIO patients. In summary, we reported the first study of the mutational landscape and genetic signatures of cfDNA in TIO/PMTs.

11.
Genomics ; 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334112

RESUMO

Sphingomonas sp. Cra20 is a rhizobacteria isolated from the root surface of Leontopodium leontopodioides in the Tianshan Mountains of China and was found to influence root system architecture. We analyzed its ability for plant-growth promotion and the molecular mechanism involved by combining the physiological and genome information. The results indicated that the bacterium enhanced the drought resistance of Arabidopsis thaliana and promoted growth mainly through the strain-released volatile organic compounds. The genome consisted of one circular chromosome and one circular plasmid, containing a series of genes related to the plant-growth promotion. Furthermore, multiple copies of cold-associated genes, general stress response genes, oxidative stress genes and DNA repair mechanisms supported its survivability in extreme environments. In addition, the strain had the ability to degrade xylene and 2, 4-D via a variety of monooxygenases and dioxygenases. This provides further information and will promote the application of Cra20 as a biofertilizer in agriculture.

12.
Environ Res ; 186: 109540, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339956

RESUMO

As the most abundant microbes in the atmosphere, airborne bacteria are closely involved in affecting human health, regional climate and ecological balance. The mobility of airborne microorganisms makes it necessary to study the community dynamic in short cycle. Nevertheless, it remains obscure how the airborne bacteria especially the pathogenic bacteria vary on the small time scale of day and night. To investigate the nycterohemeral discrepancy of airborne total bacteria and pathogenic bacteria, PM2.5 samples were collected in Hangzhou between day and night. Microbial taxonomic information was obtained through 16S rRNA gene sequencing and "human pathogens database" screening. Further analyses based on Multiple Regression Matrices (MRM) approach and Concentration Weighted Trajectory (CWT) model were conducted to elucidate the effect of local environmental factors and long-range transport. The community composition of total bacteria tended to be similar in the daytime while pathogenic bacteria turned out to be homogeneous in the nighttime. To be vigilant, the diversity of airborne pathogenic bacteria echoed the frequency of anthropogenic activities with the pathogen inhalation rate roughly at 428 copies/h and 235 copies/h respectively in daytime and nighttime. The nycterohemeral discrepancy of total bacteria was principally driven by the filtering of environmental factors, i.e., CO and NO2, indicating that anthropogenic activities brought about the homogeneity. Airborne pathogenic bacteria coupled with the strong resistances of environmental filtering stood out from their non-pathogenic counterpart, which enabled the long-range transport. Indeed, the nycterohemeral discrepancy of pathogenic bacteria was shaped by the transport of air masses. This research filled the gaps in temporal variance of airborne microorganisms on the small time scale of day and night, providing crucial foundation for precisely predicting ecological and health effects of bioaerosols.

16.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 150: 102944, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a leading cause of death in patients after hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). Previous studies have shown different efficacy of GVHD prophylaxis therapies. METHODS: We reviewed 46 randomized controlled trials (including 8050 participants) systematically from Jun 20, 2004 to Aug 20, 2019. These investigations compared the following drugs or their combination at therapeutic dose range for GVHD after HSCT. The main results were based on the proportion of patients who respond to these therapies. RESULTS: Cyclosporine + methotrexate + Anti-T cell globulin (ATG), tacrolimus + methotrexate + ATG, tacrolimus + bortezomib + sirolimus and cyclosporine + marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MMSCs) were significantly more efficacious than corticosteroids alone (OR: 12.15, 6.71, 6.25, 3.73). corticosteroids alone were less efficacious than all the other GVHD prophylaxis therapies tested. CONCLUSION: Cyclosporine + methotrexate + ATG may be the best choice when starting treatment for GVHD.

17.
J Infect Dis ; 221(Supplement_2): S139-S147, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Candidemia is the most common, serious fungal infection and Candida antifungal resistance is a challenge. We report recent surveillance of candidemia in China. METHODS: The study encompassed 77 Chinese hospitals over 3 years. Identification of Candida species was by mass spectrometry and DNA sequencing. Antifungal susceptibility was determined using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute broth microdilution method. RESULTS: In total, 4010 isolates were collected from candidemia patients. Although C. albicans was the most common species, non-albicans Candida species accounted for over two-thirds of isolates, predominated C. parapsilosis complex (27.1%), C. tropicalis (18.7%), and C. glabrata complex (12.0%). Most C. albicans and C. parapsilosis complex isolates were susceptible to all antifungal agents (resistance rate <5%). However, there was a decrease in voriconazole susceptibility to C. glabrata sensu stricto over the 3 years and fluconazole resistance rate in C. tropicalis tripled. Amongst less common Candida species, over one-third of C. pelliculosa isolates were coresistant to fluconazole and 5-flucytocine, and >56% of C. haemulonii isolates were multidrug resistance. CONCLUSIONS: Non-albicans Candida species are the predominant cause of candidemia in China. Azole resistance is notable amongst C. tropicalis and C. glabrata. Coresistance and multidrug resistance has emerged in less common Candida species.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(11): e19371, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is the loss of function of the ovaries before age 40. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been treating POI for long time. Therefore, we conduct this study to assess the efficacy and safety of CHM for POI. METHODS: Seven databases will be searched from inception to December 31, 2018: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Biology Medicine disc (CBM), WanFang Database, and Chongqing Chinese Scientific Journal Database (CQVIP). Randomized controlled trials that used CHM will be included. Two reviewers will independently complete the study selection, data extraction, and study quality assessment according to Cochrane Collaboration. All the data will be analyzed using Review Manage 5.3 software. RESULTS: This study will generate a comprehensive summary on effectiveness and safety of CHM for POI. CONCLUSION: This study may be beneficial to health policymakers, clinicians, and patients with regard to the use of CHM in POI treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD 42019144629.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/tratamento farmacológico , China , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 141: 82-92, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222458

RESUMO

Vascular dysfunction is a common pathological basis for complications in individuals affected by diabetes. Previous studies have established that endothelial dysfunction is the primary contributor to vascular complications in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, the role of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in vascular complications associated with T2DM is still not completely understood. The aim of this study is to explore the potential mechanisms associated with Ca2+ handling dysfunction and how this dysfunction contributes to diabetic vascular smooth muscle impairment. The results indicated that endothelium-dependent vasodilation was impaired in diabetic aortae, but endothelium-independent vasodilation was not altered. Various vasoconstrictors such as phenylephrine, U46619 and 5-HT could induce vasoconstriction in a concentration-dependent manner, such that the dose-response curve was parallel shifted to the right in diabetic aortae, compared to the control. Vasoconstrictions mediated by L-type calcium (Cav1.2) channels were attenuated in diabetic aortae, but effects mediated by store-operated calcium (SOC) channels were enhanced. Intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in VSMCs was detected by Fluo-4 calcium fluorescent probes, and demonstrated that SOC-mediated Ca2+ entry was increased in diabetic VSMCs. VSMC-specific knockout of STIM1 genes decreased SOC-mediated and phenylephrine-induced vasoconstrictive response in mice aortae. Additionally, Orai1 expression was up-regulated, Cav1.2 expression was downregulated, and the phenotypic transformation of diabetic VSMCs was determined in diabetic aortae. The overexpression of Orai1 markedly promoted the OPN expression of VSMCs, whereas SKF96365 (SOC channel blocker) reversed the phenotypic transformation of diabetic VSMCs. Our results demonstrated that the vasoconstriction response of aortic smooth muscle was weakened in type 2 diabetic rats, which was related to the downregulation of the Cav1.2 channel and the up-regulation of the SOC channel signaling pathway.

20.
Environ Pollut ; 263(Pt A): 114293, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208227

RESUMO

Haze pollution is inseparable from the transformation of air pollutants especially the ammonium and sulfate. Chemical and physical processes play important roles in this transformation. However, the role of microbial processes has rarely been studied. In this report, we applied the cultivation-independent metagenomic approach to study airborne microorganisms, investigating the potential microbial-catalyzed transformation of ammonium and sulfate in PM2.5 samples. Functional genes predict that airborne microorganisms have the potential to catalyze ammonium formation but not ammonium oxidation since no ammoxidation genes were identified. We also found that the frequency of sulfate-forming genes was 1.56 times of those for sulfate-reducing genes. It was speculated that microbial metabolisms in the atmosphere could contribute to the accumulation of ammonium and sulfate. With the increase of PM2.5 concentration, the frequency of functional genes and the relative abundance of genera which involved in nitrogen and sulfur metabolisms increased. That suggested air pollution was conducive to the microbial-mediated formation of ammonium and sulfate. Overall, our results provided evidence for the possible role of microbial processes in the air pollutant transformation and brought a new perspective for studying the formation of secondary air pollutants.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA