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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 92: 103260, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525523

RESUMO

As restricted CA-4 analogues, a novel series of [1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines possessing 3,4,5-trimethoxylphenyl groups has been achieved successfully via an efficient one-pot three-component reaction of 3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-amine, 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds and aldehydes. Initial biological evaluation demonstrated some of target compounds displayed potent antitumor activity in vitro against three cancer cell lines. Among them, the most highly active analogue 26 inhibited the growth of HeLa, and A549 cell lines with IC50 values at 0.75, and 1.02 µM, respectively, indicating excellent selectivity over non-tumoural cell line HEK-293 (IC50 = 29.94 µM) which suggested that the target compounds might possess a high safety index. Moreover, cell cycle analysis illustrated that the analogue 26 significantly induced HeLa cells arrest in G2/M phase, meanwhile the compound could dramatically affect cell morphology and microtubule networks. In addition, compound 28 exhibited potent anti-tubulin activity with IC50 values of 9.90 µM, and molecular docking studies revealed the analogue occupied the colchicine-binding site of tubulin. These observations suggest that [1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines represent a new class of tubulin polymerization inhibitors and well worth further investigation aiming to generate potential anticancer agents.

2.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(5): 562-574, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30677238

RESUMO

AIMS: Central diabetes insipidus (CDI), a typical complication caused by pituitary stalk injury, often occurs after surgery, trauma, or tumor compression around hypothalamic structures such as the pituitary stalk and optic chiasma. CDI is linked to decreased arginine vasopressin (AVP) neurons in the hypothalamic supraoptic nucleus and paraventricular nucleus, along with a deficit in circulating AVP and oxytocin. However, little has been elucidated about the changes in AVP neurons in CDI. Hence, our study was designed to understand the role of several pathophysiologic changes such as endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis of AVP neurons in CDI. METHODS: In a novel pituitary stalk electric lesion (PEL) model to mimic CDI, immunofluorescence and immunoblotting were used to understand the underlying regulatory mechanisms. RESULTS: We reported that in CDI condition, generated by PEL, ER stress induced apoptosis of AVP neurons via activation of the PI3K/Akt and ERK pathways. Furthermore, application of N-acetylcysteine protected hypothalamic AVP neurons from ER stress-induced apoptosis through blocking the PI3K/Akt and ERK pathways. CONCLUSION: Our findings showed that AVP neurons underwent apoptosis induced by ER stress, and ER stress might play a vital role in CDI condition through the PI3K/Akt and ERK pathways.

3.
Sci Rep ; 6: 34079, 2016 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27659202

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by dysregulation of the mucosal immune system resulting from impaired intestinal epithelial barrier function. Protein kinase D2 has been implicated in the regulation of immune responses. The present study was to define PKD2 might affect murine colitis. Colitis was induced in wild-type mice (PKD2WT/WT) and PKD2 catalytic activity deficient mice (PKD2SSAA/SSAA) with dextran sulfate sodium. PKD2SSAA-knockin mice displayed catalytic activity deficiency and increased susceptibility to DSS-induced colitis with enhanced weight loss, colonic inflammation compared with PKD2WT/WT mice. Furthermore, crucial inflammatory cytokines mRNA levels in PKD2SSAA-knockin mice were higher than controls accompanied with down-regulation of ZO-1, MUC2 and intestinal barrier dysfunction. However, there were no differences in the proliferation or apoptosis of intestinal epithelial cells in PKD2SSAA-knockin mice compared with wild-type controls. In addition, PKD2 expression was repressed in patients with IBD compared with healthy controls. These studies suggested that activation of PKD2 in the colonic epithelium microenvironment may contribute to protect against DSS-induced colitis through regulation of intestinal mucosal immunity and barrier function.

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