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1.
Cancer Res ; 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350066

RESUMO

Mature B-cell neoplasms are the fifth most common neoplasm. Due to significant heterogeneity at the clinical and genetic levels, current therapies for these cancers fail to provide long-term cures. The clinical success of proteasome inhibition for the treatment of multiple myeloma and B-cell lymphomas has made the ubiquitin pathway an important emerging therapeutic target. In this study, we assessed the role of the E3 ligase FBXW7 in mature B-cell neoplasms. FBXW7 targeted the frequently inactivated tumor suppressor KMT2D for protein degradation, subsequently regulating gene expression signatures related to oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos). Loss of FBXW7 inhibited diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell growth and further sensitized cells to OxPhos inhibition. These data elucidate a novel mechanism of regulation of KMT2D levels by the ubiquitin pathway and uncover a role of FBXW7 in regulating oxidative phosphorylation in B-cell malignancies.

2.
J Fam Psychol ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378926

RESUMO

This study tested the potential mediating roles of various cognitive abilities in middle childhood (i.e., short-term memory [STM], sustained attention, and inhibitory control) in the associations between home learning environment in early childhood and child adjustment in multiple domains during early adolescence (i.e., internalizing and externalizing problems, language skills, and social competence), based on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,364). Results demonstrated that the quality of home learning environment at 36 and 54 months was directly related to externalizing problems, social competence, and language skills at the 6th grade. Early home learning environment was also associated negatively with externalizing behavior problems at the 6th grade specifically via child sustained attention at 3rd grade. Additionally, the associations between early home learning environment and child language skills in early adolescence were mediated by STM, sustained attention, and inhibitory control in middle childhood. This study contributes to an increased specificity in the understanding of the roles of cognitive abilities in the far-reaching and comprehensive implications of early home learning environment for child later behavioral, social, and language development. Our findings suggest that training parents to appropriately build early home learning environment during the early years of life may yield benefits in the long run as it is a potential avenue to foster child later cognitive development and may ultimately facilitate child adaptation during the stressful, transitional stage of early adolescence. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 723: 138164, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392677

RESUMO

Bisphenol analogues (BPs) pollution in the aquatic environment is increasingly a worldwide concern. There is an urgent need to understand the fate of BPs in the aquatic environment. In this study, we studied the biodegradation of eight BPs in Taihu Lake and discussed the effect of humic acid (HA), which was extracted from Taihu Lake sediment, on the disappearance of BPs. Under aerobic conditions, bisphenol AF (BPAF) and bisphenol S (BPS) were recalcitrant to biodegradation in the lake water. The half-lives for bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol B (BPB), bisphenol E (BPE), bisphenol Z (BPZ), and bisphenol M (BPM) ranged from 34 to 75 days in the Taihu Lake water collected in October 2018 and 12-72 days in that collected in May 2019. The biodegradation of BPs in summer was significantly higher than that in autumn. The presence of HA promoted the disappearance of BPs from Taihu Lake water by adsorbing and binding BPs. The disappearance rate of BPs accelerated with increasing concentrations of HA. However, the presence of HA decreased the biodegradation of BPs. When the concentration of HA was 10 mg/L, the single-adsorption capacities for BPS, BPA, BPB, BPM and BPAF were 3.18-10.33 mg/g in the Taihu Lake water with little desorption. BP adsorption and desorption in the BP mixtures were different from that in the single BPs. Competitive desorption occurred among the mixtures. The results of this study are the first to indicate the biodegradation of eight BPs in natural lake water and the possible effect of HA on the fate of BPs in the environment.

4.
Cell Rep ; 31(7): 107657, 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32433966

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is a crucial mechanism in many neurological disorders. Injury to the peripheral sensory nerves leads to a neuroinflammatory response in the somatosensory pathway, from dorsal root ganglia (DRG) to the spinal cord, contributing to neuropathic pain. How the immune reaction is initiated peripherally and propagated to the spinal cord remains less clear. Here, we find that ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), highly expressed in Schwann cells, mediates neuroinflammatory response through the activating signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and inducing interleukin 6 (IL-6) in sensory neurons. Cntf deficiency attenuates neuroinflammation in DRG and the spinal cord with alleviated pain post-injury. Recombinant CNTF applied to the sensory nerves recapitulates neuroinflammation in the DRG and spinal cord, with consequent pain development. We delineate the CNTF-STAT3-IL-6 axis in mediating the onset and progression of the inflammatory cascade from the periphery to the spinal cord with therapeutic implications for neuropathic pain.

5.
Appetite ; 152: 104726, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371229

RESUMO

We adopted a person-centered approach to identify maternal feeding profiles among urban Chinese mothers of preschoolers, including two previously unexamined culturally-emphasized practices, and examine the associations between these feeding profiles and child and parent characteristics. Participants included 167 mothers and their preschoolers residing in Shanghai, China. Mothers reported on their feeding beliefs and practices, perceptions of child's body shapes, child dietary intake, and family demographic information. The hierarchical clustering method revealed 3 feeding clusters: uninvolved feeding (35.3%), concerned and restrictive feeding (21.6%), and high-pressure feeding (43.1%). Child BMI, weight status, maternal length of staying in Shanghai, maternal perceptions of child actual body shape and ideal body shape, and child unhealthy dietary intake were significantly different across the three clusters. The person-centered approach allowed for the examination of various feeding beliefs and practices simultaneously and revealed patterns of maternal feeding in Chinese families with preschoolers. Our oversampling of underweight and overweight groups of children in the present study allowed for the derivation of feeding profiles across children in all weight status groups. Moreover, the examination of whether demographic, maternal body shape perceptions, and child dietary intake differed across the clusters of mothers provided a more complete picture of family context and processes that may underlie and contribute to mothers' feeding practices, and ultimately their children's weight.

6.
Bioresour Technol ; 310: 123475, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402989

RESUMO

The solid waste from papermaking factory, lime mud (LM), was previously demonstrated as an effective catalyst in biomass pyrolysis. Since understanding the kinetics and thermodynamics is the critical step for pyrolysis development, thereby the effect of LM on the kinetics and thermodynamics for biomass pyrolysis was systematically investigated in this study. More specifically, two representative biomasses, herbaceous corncob and woody aspen sawdust, were blended with LM at different mass ratio of 0:0, 0.5:1, 1:1, and 2:1. Based on this, pyrolysis was conducted through thermogravimetry under nitrogen atmosphere. The kinetic parameters of activation energy and pre-exponential factor were calculated by iso-conventional method. While the Avrami theory was used to determine the reaction order. Thermodynamic parameters were also calculated and compared with those of non-catalytic pyrolysis.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 725: 138263, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304959

RESUMO

It is recognized coupling microalgae, which is rich in lipids or protein with wastewater treatment offers extra economic benefits that can potentially make microalgal production feasible by reducing production costs and providing environmental benefits. However, the pretreatment of high concentration nutrients such as ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), total phosphorus (TP) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) in swine wastewater is the premise of application for microalgae in wastewater treatment. This study two auto-flocculation microalgae Tribonema sp. and Synechocystis sp. were selected for evaluation; they were cultivated in diluted swine wastewater together after it was pretreated with titanium dioxide (TiO2) plus intense pulsed light (T-IPL). The results showed that the growth of the two strains in the wastewater pretreated with T-IPL grew better than when grown without the pretreatment. The content of lipid in the two algae, cultured in the pretreated wastewater, was also higher than the lipid content from the un-pretreated wastewater; but protein content was lower. Overall, the removal efficiencies of pollutants NH3-N, TP, and COD by the two microalgae in anaerobic digestion of swine wastewater (ADSW) with T-IPL pretreatment, were higher than the removal efficiencies without pretreatment. This research also indicates that these two auto-flocculation microalgae have the potential to reduce harvesting costs. And, using T-IPL to pretreat wastewater could provide a promising method for the pretreatment of wastewater.

8.
Food Chem ; 322: 126742, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305872

RESUMO

Almond hulls, the main by-product of almond production, are considered a valuable source of bioactive phenolic compounds. This study aimed to characterize the phenolic composition, bioavailability of the phenolic-rich extracts from almond hulls (PEAH), and their protective effect on oxidative stressed Caco-2 cells induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BOOH). The ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) analysis detected 11 phenolic compounds in the PEAH with high total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. Oxidative Caco-2 cell damage was reduced by PEAH, especially at 5 µg/mL, through scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS), modulating the cellular endogenous antioxidant system and cell redox at a predictable status. Also, in vitro digestion influenced the phenolic compounds' composition and antioxidant power of PEAH. These results suggested that almond hulls, rich in phenolic compounds, can meliorate the oxidative stressed Caco-2 cells and restore its impaired redox balance, and ultimately improve health benefits.

9.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1110: 44-55, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278399

RESUMO

Multicomponent nanohybrids of nickel/ferric oxides and nickel cobaltate spinel (denoted as NiO/Fe2O3/NiCo2O4) have been prepared through pyrolyzing the hierarchical nanostructure of MOF-on-MOF and explored as efficient scaffolds for sensitively determining insulin. As for the MOF-on-MOF preparation, the ultra-thin bimetallic CoNi-zeolitic imidazolate framework (CoNi-ZIF) nanosheets were grown tightly around the bimetallic CoFe Prussian blue analogue (CoFe PBA) nanocube (denoted as CoNi-ZIF@CoFePBA). Basic characterizations revealed the original core-shell structure shape was still maintained in the NiO/Fe2O3/NiCo2O4 pyrolyzed at 300 °C, which was composed of multi-metal oxides and NiCo2O4 spinel, along with low crystallinity. Conversely, the NiO/Fe2O3/NiCo2O4 nanohybrid calcined at 600 °C consisted of large amounts of nanoparticles, while the nanohyrbid obtained at 900 °C demonstrated aggregated NiO and Fe2O3 nanoparticles coexisted with the NiCo2O4 phase. Owing to the porous nanostructure, the synergistic effect among different components, excellently electrochemical conductivity, and good biocompatibility of the NiO/Fe2O3/NiCo2O4 nanohybrid obtained at 600 °C, the relevant aptasensor displayed superior sensing performance for the determination of insulin. It gave an ultra-low detection limit of 9.1 fg mL-1 (0.16 fM) within a wide linear insulin concentration ranging from 0.01 pg mL-1 (0.172 fM) to 100 ng mL-1 (1.72 nM) determined by the electrochemical technique. The constructed aptasensor also had high selectivity, good stability, excellent reproducibility, and acceptable applicability in human serum. By integrating the advantages of aptasensors and electrochemical approach with features of multi-metallic metal-organic frameworks, this work widely broadens the applications of MOF-driven nanohybrids in biosensing fields.

10.
Environ Microbiol ; 2020 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329167

RESUMO

The bacterial cell envelope is critical to support and maintain cellular life. In Gram-negative bacterial cells, the outer membrane and the peptidoglycan layer are two important parts of the cell envelope and they harbour abundant proteins. Here, we report the identification and characterization of a previously unknown peptidoglycan-associated protein, PapA, from the Gram-negative Comamonas testosteroni. PapA bound peptidoglycan with its C-terminal domain and interacted with the outer-membrane porin OmpC. The PapA-OmpC complex riveted the outer membrane and the peptidoglycan layer, and played a role in maintaining cell envelope integrity. When papA was disrupted, the mutant CNB-1ΔpapA apparently had an outer membrane partly separated from the peptidoglycan layer. Phenotypically, the mutant CNB-1ΔpapA lost chemotactic responses and had longer lag-phase of growth, less flagellation and higher sensitivity to harsh environments. Totally, 1093 functionally unknown PapA homologues were identified from the public NR protein database and they were mainly distributed in Burkholderiales of Betaproteobacteria. Our finding provides a clue that the PapA homologous proteins might function as a rivet to maintain cell envelope integrity in those Gram-negative bacteria.

11.
Med Sci Monit Basic Res ; 26: e923391, 2020 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effect of metformin against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced cellular senescence and to explore the underlying molecular mechanism of lens epithelial cell senescence. MATERIAL AND METHODS We used H2O2 to establish senescence in human lens epithelial B3 cells. The cells were exposed to H2O2 for different numbers of days to mimic aging. Senescence was assessed by senescence-associated ß-galactosidase staining, and the molecular mechanism was assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot analysis. The cultured cells were exposed to 150 µM H2O2 for 7 days with or without metformin to detect the underlying molecular mechanism of lens epithelial cell senescence. RESULTS The lens epithelial cells exposed to 150 µM H2O2 for 7 days exhibited senescence. The expression levels of senescence-related markers were increased in H2O2-treated cells. Metformin prevented H2O2-induced cellular senescence in human lens epithelial B3 cells. CONCLUSIONS These findings suggest that senescence marker expression is increased in the cells exposed to H2O2. Metformin protects human lens epithelial B3 cells from H2O2-induced senescence.

12.
J Fam Psychol ; 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237879

RESUMO

Research on the implications of childhood emotional maltreatment for later romantic relationship well-being has been accumulating. More efforts are needed to systematically delineate the etiological chains of the more proximal processes explaining why childhood emotional maltreatment, as a more distal risk factor, might ultimately result in later romantic relationship malfunctioning. Using multiple-wave data from a diverse community sample of primiparous women across the transition to parenthood (N = 159), we conducted a process model in which adult attachment, emotion regulation difficulties, and depressive symptoms were examined as potential mediators for the associations between childhood emotional maltreatment and various aspects of later couple functioning. Results demonstrate that adult attachment anxiety played a key role in accounting for the associations between childhood emotional maltreatment and the negative aspects of later couple functioning (i.e., conflict and ambivalence) through its associations with emotion regulation difficulties and depressive symptoms. In contrast, adult attachment avoidance more directly mediated the associations between childhood emotional maltreatment and the positive dimensions of later couple functioning (i.e., love and maintenance), without other intervening mediators. Overall, the currently identified risk chains contribute to a more nuanced understanding of the mechanisms via which childhood emotional maltreatment shapes later romantic relationship functioning and also help clinicians specify potential targets for effective interventions aimed at diminishing the detrimental consequences of childhood emotional maltreatment for later intimate relationship well-being. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

13.
Geospat Health ; 15(1)2020 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241094

RESUMO

This study retrospectively analyzed the spatio-temporal distribution and spatial clustering of scarlet fever in mainland China from 2004 to 2017. In recent years, the incidence of scarlet fever is increasing. Previous studies on the spatial distribution of scarlet fever in China are mainly focused at the provincial and municipal levels, and there is few systematic report on the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of scarlet fever on the national level. Based on the incidence information of scarlet fever in mainland China between 2004 and 2017 collected from the China Center for Disease Control, this paper systematically explored the Spatio-temporal distribution of scarlet fever by three methods, contains spatial autocorrelation analysis, Spatio-temporal scanning analysis, and trend surface analysis. The results demonstrate that the incidence of scarlet fever varies by seasons, which is in line with double-peak distribution.The first peak generally occurs from May to June and the second one from November to December, while February and August is the lowest period of incidence. Trend surface analysis indicates that the incidence of scarlet fever in northern China is higher than the south, slightly higher in western compared to the east, and lower in the central part. Additionally, the results show that the clustering regions of scarlet fever centrally distributed in the northeast, northwest, north china and some provinces in the east, such as Zhejiang, Shanghai, Shandong, and Jiangsu.

14.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(4): 219, 2020 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166466

RESUMO

An impedimetric bioassay was constructed based on a nanohybrid of zirconium oxide nanoparticles and graphene-like nanofiber (denoted by ZrO2@GNF) for the determination of osteopontin (OPN). A series of ZrO2@GNF nanohybrids with different morphologies and nanostructures were derived from zirconium-based metal-organic frameworks (UiO-66) entrapped within the electric spun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fiber (represented by UiO-66@PAN) by calcination at different temperatures. The basic characterizations revealed that the UiO-66@PAN nanofibers were collapsed into short nanorods. As such, homogeneously distributed ZrO2 nanoparticles were found to be embedded within the GNF nanostructure. This transition in the chemical structure and nanostructure not only can greatly enhance the electrochemical conductivity of the nanohybrid but also can strengthen the adsorbed bioaffinity toward OPN aptamer strands. As compared with bioassays based on ZrO2@GNF calcined at 500 °C and 900 °C, the ZrO2@GNF nanohybrid obtained at 700 °C (ZrO2@GNF700) demonstrated superior sensing performance, showing a determination limit of 4.76 fg mL-1 within a OPN concentration ranging 0.01 pg mL-1 to 2.0 ng mL-1. It also displayed high selectivity, accompanied by  good reproducibility and stability, acceptable applicability, and excellent repeatability. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of an impedimetric aptasensor based on nanohybrids of zirconium oxide nanoparticles and graphene-like nanofiber (ZrO2@CNF) was constructed for osteopontin detection. The ZrO2@CNF700 nanohybrid-based aptasensor demonstrated superior sensing performances, providing a promising tool for detecting cancer markers in biomedical diagnosis.

15.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(5): 2260-2266, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186752

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of microRNAs (miRNAs) on the expression level of core1ß3­galactosyltransferase­specific molecular chaperone (COSMC) in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). miRNA expression levels were determined in pediatric patients with IgAN (IgAN group), in patients with other renal diseases (control group) and healthy pediatrics (control group). The target miRNAs of COSMC were investigated in the present study. Western blot analysis was performed to examine the effects of miRNAs on COSMC expression levels. In addition, galactose­deficient IgA1 (Gd­IgA1) expression levels were detected following the addition of miRNA­196b. The present results suggested that the expression levels of 205 miRNAs significantly differed between the IgAN and healthy control groups. The present results also suggested that miRNA­196b and miRNA­33a­3p targeted COSMC, and that miRNA­196b expression in B lymphocytes was significantly higher in the IgAN group compared with the control group (P<0.0001). However, COSMC expression level was significantly downregulated in isolated B lymphocytes transfected with miRNA­196b mimics, but Gd­IgA1 expression levels were increased. Therefore, miRNA­196b may play a role in the formation of Gd­IgA1 and IgAN pathogenesis via COSMC regulation.

16.
Autophagy ; : 1-16, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138578

RESUMO

Oxidative stress underlies a number of pathological conditions, including cancer, neurodegeneration, and aging. Antioxidant-rich foods help maintain cellular redox homeostasis and mitigate oxidative stress, but the underlying mechanisms are not clear. For example, sulforaphane (SFN), an electrophilic compound that is enriched in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, is a potent inducer of cellular antioxidant responses. NFE2L2/NRF2 (nuclear factor, erythroid 2 like 2), a transcriptional factor that controls the expression of multiple detoxifying enzymes through antioxidant response elements (AREs), is a proposed target of SFN. NFE2L2/NRF2 is a target gene of TFEB (transcription factor EB), a master regulator of autophagic and lysosomal functions, which we show here to be potently activated by SFN. SFN induces TFEB nuclear translocation via a Ca2+-dependent but MTOR (mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase)-independent mechanism through a moderate increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS). Activated TFEB then boosts the expression of genes required for autophagosome and lysosome biogenesis, which are known to facilitate the clearance of damaged mitochondria. Notably, TFEB activity is required for SFN-induced protection against both acute oxidant bursts and chronic oxidative stress. Hence, by simultaneously activating macroautophagy/autophagy and detoxifying pathways, natural compound SFN may trigger a self-defense cellular mechanism that can effectively mitigate oxidative stress commonly associated with many metabolic and age-related diseases.Abbreviations: ANOVA: analyzes of variance; AREs: antioxidant response elements; Baf-A1: bafilomycin A1; BHA: butylhydroxyanisole; CAT: catechin hydrate; CCCP: carbonyl cyanide m- chlorophenylhydrazone; CLEAR: coordinated lysosomal expression and regulation; DCFH-DA: 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate; FBS: fetal bovine serum; GFP: green fluorescent protein; HMOX1/HO-1: heme oxygenase 1; KD: knockdown; KEAP1: kelch like ECH associated protein 1; KO: knockout; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; MCOLN1/TRPML1: mucolipin 1; ML-SA1: mucolipin-specific synthetic agonist 1; ML-SI3: mucolipin-specific synthetic inhibitor 3; MTOR: mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase; MTORC1: mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase complex 1; NAC: N-acetylcysteine; NFE2L2/NRF2: nuclear factor: erythroid 2 like 2; NPC: Niemann-Pick type C; PBS: phosphate-buffered saline; PPP2/PP2A: protein phosphatase 2; Q-PCR: real time polymerase chain reaction; ROS: reactive oxygen species; RPS6KB1/S6K1/p70S6K: ribosomal protein S6 kinase B1; SFN: sulforaphane; TFEB: transcription factor EB; WT, wild-type.

17.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e56, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178752

RESUMO

Varicella is an acute respiratory infectious diseases, with high transmissibility and quick dissemination. In this study, an SEIR (susceptible-exposed-infected-recovered) dynamic model was established to explore the optimal prevention and control measures according to the epidemiological characteristics about varicella outbreak in a school in a central city of China. Berkeley Madonna 8.3.18 and Microsoft Office Excel 2010 software were employed for the model simulation and data management, respectively. The result showed that the simulated result of SEIR model agreed well with the reported data when ß (infected rate) equal to 0.067. Models showed that the cumulative number of cases was only 13 when isolation adopted when the infected individuals were identified (assuming isolation rate was up to 100%); the cumulative number of cases was only two and the TAR (total attack rate) was 0.56% when the vaccination coefficient reached 50%. The cumulative number of cases did not change significantly with the change of efficiency of ventilation and disinfection, but the peak time was delayed; when δ (vaccination coefficient) = 0.1, m (ventilation efficiency) = 0.7 or δ = 0.2, m = 0.5 or δ = 0.3, m = 0.1 or δ = 0.4 and above, the cumulative number of cases would reduce to one case and TAR would reduce to 0.28% with combined interventions. Varicella outbreak in school could be controlled through strict isolation or vaccination singly; combined interventions have been adopted when the vaccination coefficient was low.

18.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(6): 762-772, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218698

RESUMO

Tumor-infiltrating immune cells are closely related to the prognosis of bladder cancer. Analysis of tumor infiltrating immune cells is usually based on immunohistochemical analysis. Since many immune cell marker proteins are not specific for different immune cells, which may induce misleading or incomplete. CIBERSORT is an algorithm to estimate specific cell types in a mixed cell population using gene expression data. In this study, the CIBERSORT algorithm was used to identify the immune cell infiltration signatures. The gene expression profiles, mutation data, and clinical data were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Unsupervised consensus clustering was used to acquire the immune cell infiltration subtypes of bladder cancer based on the fractions of 22 immune cell types. Four immune cell clusters with different immune infiltrate and mutation characteristics were identified. In addition, this stratification has a prognostic relevance, with cluster 2 having the best outcome, cluster 1 the worst. These clusters showed distinct mRNA expression patterns. The characteristic genes in subtype cluster 1 were mainly involved in cell division, those in subtype cluster 2 were mainly related in antigen processing and presentation, those in subtype cluster 3 were mainly involved in epidermal cell differentiation, and those in subtype cluster 4 were mainly related in the humoral immune response. These differences may affect the development of the bladder cancer, the sensitivity to treatment as well as the prognosis. Through further validation, this study may contribute to the development of personalized therapy and precision medical treatments.

19.
Psychiatry Res ; 286: 112892, 2020 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114205

RESUMO

Poor executive function (EF) has been implicated in addictions. Among "hot" EFs (i.e., those involving motivations and emotions), poor regulation of craving has been proposed to underlie addiction development in substance-use disorders (SUDs), making such regulation a potential treatment target. However, regulation of craving remains poorly understood in internet gaming disorder (IGD). Additionally, prior studies of cold EFs (e.g., inhibition and cognitive flexibility under neutral conditions) in IGD have provided mixed results and mostly included only male subjects. We addressed these issues by instructing 54 participants (26 with IGD including males and females, and 28 control subjects) to perform a regulation-of-craving (ROC) task and a Stroop color-word-interference task. Compared to control subjects, individuals with IGD revealed deficits in regulation for both gaming- and food-related craving, but no differences in Stroop performance. The current study provides initial empirical support suggesting regulation impairments for both addiction-related and primary rewards among individuals with IGD. The findings are consistent with studies in SUDs, suggesting that impaired regulation of craving may be a relevant transdiagnostic construct across SUDs and behavioral addictions. The findings suggest targeting regulation of "hot" processes should be considered in IGD treatment development.

20.
Database (Oxford) ; 20202020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219413

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a mode of regulated cell death that depends on iron. Cells die from the toxic accumulation of lipid reactive oxygen species. Ferroptosis is tightly linked to a variety of human diseases, such as cancers and degenerative diseases. The ferroptotic process is complicated and consists of a wide range of metabolites and biomolecules. Although great progress has been achieved, the mechanism of ferroptosis remains enigmatic. We have currently entered an era of extensive knowledge advancement, and thus, it is important to find ways to organize and utilize data efficiently. We have observed a high-quality knowledge base of ferroptosis research is lacking. In this study, we downloaded 784 ferroptosis articles from the PubMed database. Ferroptosis regulators and markers and associated diseases were extracted from these articles and annotated. In summary, 253 regulators (including 108 drivers, 69 suppressors, 35 inducers and 41 inhibitors), 111 markers and 95 ferroptosis-disease associations were found. We then developed FerrDb, the first manually curated database for regulators and markers of ferroptosis and ferroptosis-disease associations. The database has a user-friendly interface, and it will be updated every 6 months to offer long-term service. FerrDb is expected to help researchers acquire insights into ferroptosis.Database URL: http://www.zhounan.org/ferrdb.

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