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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 158917, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36155028

RESUMO

In recent years, carbon-based materials catalyzing peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for green degradation of persistent organic pollutants have attracted increasing attention. However, PMS activation by hydrochar composite (e.g. hydrochar-montomorillonite) has rarely been investigated. Herein, a simple preparation, low-cost and eco-friendly catalyst of hydrochar-montmorillonite composite (HC-Mt) was prepared to firstly catalyze PMS for the degradation of dicamba (DIC). The as-prepared HC-Mt showed a remarkably better catalyzing performance for PMS than pure hydrochar (HC) due to its good physicochemical characteristics and abundant oxygen-containing groups. Furthermore, the electron spin resonance (ESR) and quenching tests revealed that active species such as SO4-, OH and O2- all participated in the degradation process. DIC sites on C6, Cl 10, and O15 exhibited higher reactivity according to the density functional theory (DFT) calculation, which were easily attacked by active species. The DIC degradation mainly occurred via hydroxyl substitution, decarboxylation, oxidation and ring-cleavage and finally most of the intermediates were mineralized into CO2 and H2O. Finally, the phytotoxicity assessment was measured by the germination growth situation of tobacco and mung beans in the presence of DIC (with or without treatment by HC-Mt/PMS). The result showed that HC-Mt/PMS could significantly reduce the phytotoxicity of DIC to crops, suggesting that catalyzing PMS using HC-Mt was environmentally friendly. Therefore, this work did not only provide a novel catalyzing PMS strategy using hydrochar composite for wastewater treatment, but also give a new idea for herbicide phytotoxicity management.


Assuntos
Bentonita , Dicamba , Peróxidos , Dacarbazina
2.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(5): 2322-2332, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388656

RESUMO

Background: Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) treatment remains severe. Survivin is aberrantly overexpressed in CRC tissues and might be a potential target for CRC treatment. TDB-6 is a new taspine derivative. The purpose of this study is to investigate the inhibitory effect of TDB-6 on CRC and its underlying mechanism. Methods: The MTT assay and xenograft model were utilized to investigate the inhibitory effect of TDB-6 on LoVo cells in vitro and in vivo. Hoechst staining and Annexin-V FITC/PI analysis were conducted to study the effect of TDB-6 on LoVo cell apoptosis. Mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm) assay was conducted to demonstrated whether TDB-6 could induce mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis of LoVo cells. Western blotting was conducted to investigate the effect of TDB-6 on survivin protein and caspase/Bcl-2/Cyto-C signaling. Results: The results indicated that TDB-6 induced mitochondria-mediated apoptosis and inhibited the proliferation and growth of LoVo cells in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic investigation utilizing western blotting indicated that TDB-6 inhibited survivin protein expression, and the inhibitory effect was augmented by TDB-6 and YM-155 co-administration, which revealed that TDB-6 might induce apoptosis of LoVo cells by targeted regulation of survivin. TDB-6 also regulated survivin downstream signaling. It significantly increased the protein level of cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-7, cleaved caspase-9, cleaved-PARP, and Cyto-C, and decreased the protein level of Bcl-2. Conclusions: TDB-6 might be a promising survivin inhibitor with great potential for CRC treatment.

3.
Front Neurol ; 13: 961842, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408515

RESUMO

Brain iron accumulation, which is indicated in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ferritin, is associated with the development of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Studies have indicated that iron deposition might participate in Alzheimer's pathology through the induction of microglial activation. A soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (sTrem2) in CSF is increasingly recognized as a reliable indicator for microglia activity in the brain and participates in the development of neuroinflammation. However, the association between CSF ferritin and sTrem2 under the AD continuum has not been well-established. We enrolled individuals from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database. Participants were classified into healthy controls (HC, n = 46) and AD continuum (n = 105) in the combined strata of Amyloid/Tau/Neurodegeneration (ATN) mode and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) criteria. The associations between CSF ferritin (indicating iron burden) and sTrem2, as well as AD pathology, which is reflected by Aß42, t-tau, and p-tau in CSF, were explored. CSF ferritin was significantly associated with sTrem2 among all participants (ß = 0.517, P < 0.001, FDR < 0.001), HC (ß = 0.749, P = 0.006, FDR = 0.010), and AD continuum (ß = 0.488, P < 0.001, FDR < 0.001), respectively. However, ferritin predicted the accelerated sTrem2 level in those with high ferritin (ß = 0.549, P = 0.036, FDR = 0.045). In conclusion, CSF ferritin serves as a potential biomarker of Trem2-indicated microglia function.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36380178

RESUMO

Management of solid waste and protecting the ecological balance of the region are key challenges that the coal mining industry has to face. This study evaluated the effect of solid waste backfilling mining on the overlying strata movement and surface deformation variation pattern in slice mining. The mechanical characteristics of different cemented paste backfills (CPB) were compared. The CPB specimens were made of coal gangue and cement with or without the addition of fly ash. The experiments showed that the mechanical strength of the CPBs made of coal gangue and cement increased dramatically. A numerical simulation was then performed to analyze the variation patterns of the overlying strata displacement and surrounding rock stress distribution before and after filling the 3lower and 3upper coal seams with CPB. The CPBs reduced the movement of the surface by 95.1% and 95% during the mining of the 3lower and 3upper coal seams, respectively. Finally, we used a mining-induced subsidence prediction and analysis system to predict the influence of the 3lower and 3upper coal seams on the ground surface subsidence. It was found that the ground surface subsidence induced by CPB mining was 1/20 that of the cumulative ground surface subsidence caused by caving mining. CPB mining could effectively control the ground surface subsidence caused by multi-slice mining of the thick coal seam, offering protection for buildings above the ground. Our research provides theoretical and technical support for coal mining under buildings subjected to similar conditions.

5.
Environ Monit Assess ; 195(1): 113, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385215

RESUMO

Given the differences in geomorphology, climate, hydrology, and human activities in various regions, lake chemometrics may also vary. However, the spatial distribution of lake chemistry and the factors affecting such pattern are still unclear. Here, we collected data for carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus from published literature and databases in 224 lakes and calculated the trophic status index to represent the nutrient classification state of lakes. We found that lakes with high carbon concentrations were located in the Tibet-Qinghai Limnetic Region of western China, whereas lakes with high nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations were located in the Inner Mongolia-Xinjiang Limnetic Region and Northeast Limnetic Region of northern China. Areas with larger cropland and urban residential land (such as the junction of the three lake regions, i.e., the Northeast Limnetic Region, East Limnetic Region, and Inner Mongolia-Xinjiang Limnetic Region) tended to have lakes with high nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations. Our analysis suggested that spatial distribution of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus concentrations reflect the effect of climate, geomorphology, and land use in each lake region and nationwide.


Assuntos
Lagos , Fósforo , Humanos , Fósforo/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Carbono/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , China
6.
Eur Radiol ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418618

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the diagnostic accuracy of combined ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) in evaluating the tumor burden of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). Besides, we assessed the ability of this combination to predict the likelihood of complete resection. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 504 patients diagnosed with PMP and scheduled for cytoreduction surgery. We compared tumor burden-quantified as peritoneal cancer index (PCI) by preoperative US and CT (US-CT-PCI)-with surgical findings. Next, we assessed the prognostic value of US-CT PCI and imaging features in determining the completeness of cytoreduction (CCR) score using multivariate analysis. RESULTS: US-CT PCI demonstrated a high PCI evaluation accuracy under moderate tumor burden. Higher US-CT PCI could predict incomplete resection. In addition, we identified imaging features such as mesenteric involvement as an independent predictor of incomplete resection (hazard ratio (HR) = 2.006; p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: US-CT PCI allowed us to predict the completeness of cytoreductive surgery in patients with PMP. Moreover, the combined US and CT imaging detected several features indicating incomplete cytoreduction. KEY POINTS: • Ultrasonography (US) can act as a complementary diagnostic modality in peritoneal cancer index (PCI) evaluation by combining CT in the small bowel area and US in the abdominal area. • A modified peritoneal cancer index (US-CT PCI) helps preoperatively evaluate tumor burden with high accuracy and allows to predict incomplete resection. • US-CT PCI of 20 or above and the involvement of particular structures such as mesentery, independently indicate incomplete resection.

7.
Int J Oral Sci ; 14(1): 50, 2022 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36257937

RESUMO

Micrognathia is a severe craniofacial deformity affecting appearance and survival. Previous studies revealed that multiple factors involved in the osteogenesis of mandibular bone have contributed to micrognathia, but concerned little on factors other than osteogenesis. In the current study, we found that ectopic activation of Fgf8 by Osr2-cre in the presumptive mesenchyme for masseter tendon in mice led to micrognathia, masseter regression, and the disrupted patterning and differentiation of masseter tendon. Since Myf5-cre;Rosa26R-Fgf8 mice exhibited the normal masseter and mandibular bone, the possibility that the micrognathia and masseter regression resulted directly from the over-expressed Fgf8 was excluded. Further investigation disclosed that a series of chondrogenic markers were ectopically activated in the developing Osr2-cre;Rosa26R-Fgf8 masseter tendon, while the mechanical sensing in the masseter and mandibular bone was obviously reduced. Thus, it suggested that the micrognathia in Osr2-cre;Rosa26R-Fgf8 mice resulted secondarily from the reduced mechanical force transmitted to mandibular bone. Consistently, when tenogenic or myogenic components were deleted from the developing mandibles, both the micrognathia and masseter degeneration took place with the decreased mechanical sensing in mandibular bone, which verified that the loss of mechanical force transmitted by masseter tendon could result in micrognathia. Furthermore, it appeared that the micrognathia resulting from the disrupted tenogenesis was attributed to the impaired osteogenic specification, instead of the differentiation in the periosteal progenitors. Our findings disclose a novel mechanism for mandibular morphogenesis, and shed light on the prevention and treatment for micrognathia.


Assuntos
Micrognatismo , Camundongos , Animais , Músculo Masseter , Mandíbula , Osteogênese
8.
Nutrients ; 14(19)2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36235739

RESUMO

To examine whether reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is associated with reduced body mass index z-score gain among Chinese schoolchildren in Nanjing, China, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in four selected primary schools from September 2019 to September 2020. Students in the third grade in the Intervention Group received school-based and home-based interventions for two consecutive semesters to reduce SSB consumption, while two schools in the Control Group did not receive any interventions. Weight changes were expressed as body mass index (BMI) z-scores as standard deviations of the BMI distribution per age and sex group. Changes in SSB consumption before and after the interventions were categorized into Level-Up if it increased, Level-Same if it was maintained and Level-Down if it decreased. Multivariable linear regression models were used to explore the association of different levels of changes in SSB consumption pre- and post-intervention with the BMI z-score. Among 1633 participants who completed the trial, the mean age at baseline was 9.36 years (±0.48 SD).The median baseline BMI z-score was -0.24 (25th percentile -0.72; 75th percentile 0.58). After the intervention, the median BMI z-score increased by 0.06 (-0.17~0.37) in the Intervention Group and by 0.14 (-0.08~0.41) in the Control Group (p < 0.001). A higher increase in BMI was found in the Control Group than in the Intervention Group (1.20 vs. 0.94) during the 12-month period. Among participants whose parents' educational attainment was above 9 years, the median BMI z-score increased by 0.07 (-0.17~0.37) in the Intervention Group and by 0.16 (-0.06~0.41) in the Control Group (p < 0.001). In a linear regression analysis adjusted for potential confounders, the BMI z-score decreased by 0.057 more in Level-Down than in Level-Up (95% CI: -0.103 to -0.012, p = 0.014). These results indicate that the decreased consumption of SSBs might have reduced the prevalence of overweight in schoolchildren in China, especially in students whose parents had high educational levels.


Assuntos
Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar , Bebidas/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Redução de Peso
10.
Cell Biol Int ; 2022 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183368

RESUMO

Ultrasound-mediated microbubble cavitation (UMMC) induces therapeutic angiogenesis to treat ischemic diseases. This study aimed to investigate whether diagnostic UMMC alleviates diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) and, if so, through which mechanisms. DCM model was established by injecting streptozocin into rats to induce hyperglycemia, followed by a high-fat diet. The combined therapy of cation microbubble with low-intensity diagnostic ultrasound (frequency = 4 MHz), with a pulse frequency of 20 Hz and pulse length (PL) of 8, 18, 26, or 36 cycles, was given to rats twice a week for 8 consecutive weeks. Diagnostic UMMC therapy with PL at 8, 18, and 26 cycles, but not 36 cycles, dramatically prevented myocardial fibrosis, improved heart functions, and increased angiogenesis, accompanied by increased levels of PI3K, Akt, and eNOS proteins in the DCM model of rats. In cultured endothelial cells, low-intensity UMMC treatment (PL = 3 cycles, sound pressure level = 50%, mechanical index = 0.82) increased cell viability and activated PI3K-Akt-eNOS signaling. The combination of diagnostic ultrasound with microbubble destruction dose-dependently promoted angiogenesis, thus improving heart function through PI3K-Akt-eNOS signaling in diabetes. Accordingly, diagnostic UMMC therapy should be considered to protect the heart in patients with diabetes.

11.
J Infect Dis ; 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36281765

RESUMO

Liver injury is a common complication during infection of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). However, the Toxoplasma effector proteins involved remain unknown. Herein, we identified that T. gondii macrophage migration inhibitory factor (TgMIF) is a critical pathogenic factor of liver injury in acute toxoplasmosis mouse model induced by less virulent strain, which is widely prevalent in humans. We show that TgMIF is a novel activator of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in hepatocytes, resulting in subsequent pyroptosis. Furthermore, T. gondii promotes the TgMIF-dependent infiltration of Ly6Chi proinflammatory macrophages to release cytokines, leading to hepatocyte apoptosis. Although the intense inflammation induced by TgMIF inhibits the proliferation of intracellular parasites, it results in fatal liver damage. In contrast, parasites with TgMIF gene deletion significantly alleviate liver injury and prolong mice survival. The discovery of novel Toxoplasma virulence factor may expedite the development of human toxoplasmosis control strategies.

12.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 973530, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36304553

RESUMO

Thoracic aortic dissection (TAD) is the most common cause of sudden cardiac death associated with aortic diseases. The age of TAD victims in forensic studies is significantly younger than hospitalized patients with TAD, while only a few studies have been conducted on autopsy-diagnosed TAD deceased. A retrospective study was conducted at the Medicolegal Center of Sun Yat-sen University from 1999 to 2019 to address the characteristics of TAD victims. A total of 200 deceased from spontaneous rupture of TAD were assessed, with 165 (82.5%) males and 175 (87.5%) Stanford type A deceased. Our main results showed that compared with patients with TAD diagnosed during their lifetime, individuals diagnosed with TAD until an autopsy showed an earlier onset (43.80 years old) and less accompanied hypertension (<50%). Sudden death was the initial symptom of 32 decedents. Instead of chest/back pain (40 decedents), abdominal pain (59 decedents) was the most common initial symptom, and 42 decedents presented with no accompanying pain. A higher proportion of abdominal pain and the painless symptom was associated with a higher risk of misdiagnosis. Women showed a more atypical clinical presentation and rapid progression than men. Younger decedents showed more pronounced left heart changes. The present study implicated the TAD individuals diagnosed until an autopsy as a particular entity, indicating the urgent need for further investigation on early diagnosis and pathogenesis of patients with TAD with atypical pain and painless or with younger age to reduce the burden of TAD-related sudden death.

13.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36305834

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a mode of regulated cell death characterized by iron-dependent accumulation of lipid peroxidation. It is closely linked to the pathophysiological processes in many diseases. Since our publication of the first ferroptosis database in 2020 (FerrDb V1), many new findings have been published. To keep up with the rapid progress in ferroptosis research and to provide timely and high-quality data, here we present the successor, FerrDb V2. It contains 1001 ferroptosis regulators and 143 ferroptosis-disease associations manually curated from 3288 articles. Specifically, there are 621 gene regulators, of which 264 are drivers, 238 are suppressors, 9 are markers, and 110 are unclassified genes; and there are 380 substance regulators, with 201 inducers and 179 inhibitors. Compared to FerrDb V1, curated articles increase by >300%, ferroptosis regulators increase by 175%, and ferroptosis-disease associations increase by 50.5%. Circular RNA and pseudogene are novel regulators in FerrDb V2, and the percentage of non-coding RNA increases from 7.3% to 13.6%. External gene-related data were integrated, enabling thought-provoking and gene-oriented analysis in FerrDb V2. In conclusion, FerrDb V2 will help to acquire deeper insights into ferroptosis. FerrDb V2 is freely accessible at http://www.zhounan.org/ferrdb/.

14.
J Cell Biol ; 221(11)2022 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36219209

RESUMO

Lysosomes mediate hydrolase-catalyzed macromolecule degradation to produce building block catabolites for reuse. Lysosome function requires an osmo-sensing machinery that regulates osmolytes (ions and organic solutes) and water flux. During hypoosmotic stress or when undigested materials accumulate, lysosomes become swollen and hypo-functional. As a membranous organelle filled with cargo macromolecules, catabolites, ions, and hydrolases, the lysosome must have mechanisms that regulate its shape and size while coordinating content exchange. In this review, we discussed the mechanisms that regulate lysosomal fusion and fission as well as swelling and condensation, with a focus on solute and water transport mechanisms across lysosomal membranes. Lysosomal H+, Na+, K+, Ca2+, and Cl- channels and transporters sense trafficking and osmotic cues to regulate both solute flux and membrane trafficking. We also provide perspectives on how lysosomes may adjust the volume of themselves, the cytosol, and the cytoplasm through the control of lysosomal solute and water transport.


Assuntos
Canais Iônicos , Lisossomos , Água , Citoplasma , Citosol , Hidrolases/metabolismo , Canais Iônicos/metabolismo , Íons/metabolismo , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
16.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2022 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36245373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reduced signal on fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is a valid proxy for neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Perivascular space (PVS) is believed to be associated with AD pathology and cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the associations of PVS with FDG-PET and cognitive performance based on the burden of amyloid pathology. METHODS: We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI). MRI-visible PVS in basal ganglia (BG) and centrum semi-oval (CSO) were visually classified as: none/mild, moderate or frequent/severe. The association of PVS with brain FDG-PET was explored based on the burden of amyloid pathology, where a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) t-tau/Aß42 with the ratio≥0.27 was defined as high amyloid pathology. Moreover, the relationships between PVS and cognitive performance variables (ADNI-MEM and ADNI-EF) were studied. RESULTS: For participants with higher tau/Aß42 ratio, CSO-PVS severity was independently associated with lower FDG-PET. There were significant interaction effects between moderate or frequent/severe CSO-PVS and time on FDG decline in people with high amyloid pathology. The interaction between CSO-PVS and time (follow-up) was consistently associated with ADNI-MEM and ADNI-EF decline in individuals with high amyloid pathology. CONCLUSION: The study established the differential utility of PVS in BG and CSO for predicting brain metabolism. These findings suggest that CSO-PVS serves as a contributing factor to brain metabolism and cognitive decline associated with amyloid pathology.

17.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(5): 1482-1489, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36208253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the expression of miR-21 in multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines and plasma cells of patients, and explore the mechanism of miR-21 in MM. METHODS: Bone marrow samples from 30 patients with MM and 18 healthy controls were collected. The plasma cells were separated by magnetic beads. MM cell lines (MM1.S cells, RPMI-8226 cells and U266 cells) were cultured. The expression level of miR-21 was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). After transfection with hsa-miR-21 mimics and hsa-miR-21 inhibitor, the proliferation of MM cells was detected by CCK-8 and cell cloning assay. The target genes regulated by miR-21 were predicted by bioinformatics website. The binding sites of miR-21 and KLF5 were detected by luciferase reporter gene assay. The expression of KLF5 were detected by Western blot and qRT-PCR after hsa-miR-21 mimics and hsa-miR-21 inhibitor were transfected into RPMI-8226 cells. KLF5 plasmid with 3'UTR knockout was synthesized and cotransfected into RPMI-8226 cells with hsa-miR-21 mimics, and the proliferation of MM cells was detected by CCK-8 and cell cloning assay. RESULTS: Compared with healthy donors, the expression level of miR-21 in plasma cells of patients with MM was significantly increased (P<0.001); the expression of miR-21 in MM cell lines MM1.S, RPMI-8226 and U266 was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). After hsa-miR-21 mimics transfection, the proliferation and the number of colony formation of MM cells was significantly increased, while the proliferation and the number of colony formation of MM cells was decreased after hsa-miR-21 inhibitor transfection (P<0.01). The results of luciferase reporter gene assay showed that miR-21 could bind to 3'UTR of KLF5, and the expression level of KLF5 protein was significantly decreased after hsa-miR-21 mimics transfection. After 3'UTR-knockout KLF5 plasmid and hsa-miR-21 mimics were cotransfected into RPMI-8226 cells, the proliferation of the cells was significantly decreased. CONCLUSION: MiR-21 may be involved in regulating the proliferation of MM cells by inhibiting the expression of KLF5.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Mieloma Múltiplo , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like , Luciferases/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Sincalida/genética
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36225181

RESUMO

Background: Obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (obese T2DM) is one of the prime diseases that endangers human health. Clinical studies have confirmed the ability of the Huanglian Huazhuo capsule to treat obese T2DM; however, its mechanism of action is still unclear. In this study, effects and mechanisms of the Huanglian Huazhuo capsule in obese T2DM were systematically investigated using network pharmacology and molecular docking techniques. Methods: The active ingredients and targets of the Huanglian Huazhuo capsule were extracted from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). Obese T2DM diabetes-related targets were retrieved from a geographic dataset combined with a gene card database. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed to screen core targets. The Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were conducted using Database for Annotation Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID). Interactions between potential targets and active compounds were assessed using molecular docking. Molecular docking was performed on the best core protein complexes obtained using molecular docking. Results: A total of 89 and 108 active ingredients and targets, respectively, were identified. Seven core targets were obtained using a topological analysis of the PPI network. The GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses showed that the effects of the Huanglian Huazhuo capsules were mediated by inflammation, lipid response, oxidative stress-related genes, and HIF-1 and IL-17 signaling pathways. Good binding ability was observed between the active compounds and screened targets using molecular docking. Conclusions: The active ingredients, potential targets, and pathways of the Huanglian Huazhuo capsule for the treatment of obese T2DM were successfully predicted, providing a new strategy for further investigation of its molecular mechanisms. In addition, the potential active ingredients provide a reliable source for drug screening in obese T2DM.

19.
Opt Express ; 30(15): 28091-28111, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36236965

RESUMO

When some sub-images lack ground control points (GCPs) or GCPs are not evenly distributed, the estimated camera parameters are often deviated in in-orbit geometric calibration. In this study, a feasible in-orbit geometric calibration method for multi-linear array optical remote sensing satellites with tie constraints is presented. In the presented method, both GCPs and tie points are employed. With the help of tie constraints provided by tie points, all charge coupled devices (CCDs) are logically connected into a complete CCD. The internal camera parameters of all CCDs can then be simultaneously and precisely estimated, even if sufficient evenly distributed GCPs in some sub-images are unavailable. Three GaoFen-6 images and two ZiYuan3-02 images were tested. Compared with the conventional method, the experimental results showed that the deviations of the estimated camera parameters could be effectively eliminated by the presented method. The average geometric stitching accuracy of the adjacent sub-images of all the tested images were improved from approximately 0.5 pixel to 0.1 pixel. The geometric quality of the stitched images was thereby improved.

20.
Opt Express ; 30(14): 24431-24442, 2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36236998

RESUMO

Photon absorption and nonreciprocal photon transmission are studied in a rotating optical resonator coupled with an atomic ensemble. It is demonstrated that the perfect photon absorption is accompanied by optical bistability when the resonator is static. If the spinning detune is adjusted to some particular values, we find that the amplified unidirectional photon transmission can be realized. We have explicitly given the perfect photon absorption conditions and the maximal adjustable amplification rate. It is found that the coupling of the resonator and the atomic ensemble is necessary for perfect photon absorption, and the phase difference of the two input fields only affects the perfect absorption point. It gives new insight into the design of photon absorbers and optical switches.

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