Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.648
Filtrar
1.
Environ Pollut ; : 118308, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626705

RESUMO

Aggravating the pollution of microcystins (MCs) in freshwater environments is detrimental to aquatic living organisms and humans, and thus threatens the stability of ecosystems. Some environmental factors have been verified to promote the production of MCs in Microcystis aeruginosa, thereby aggravating the pollution of MCs. However, the effects of cerium (Ce), the most abundant rare earth element in global water environments, on the production of MCs in M. aeruginosa are unknown. Here, Lake Taihu water was selected as a representative of freshwater environments. By using interdisciplinary methods, it was found that: (1) the exposure level of Ce [Ce(III) and Ce(IV)] in Lake Taihu water is in the range of 0.271-0.282 µg/L; (2) Ce exposure in Lake Taihu water promoted the contents of three main MCs (MC-LR, MC-LW and MC-YR) in M. aeruginosa and water; (3) a cellular mechanism of Ce promoting the production of MCs in M. aeruginosa in Lake Taihu water was suggested: Ce enhanced endocytosis in cells of M. aeruginosa to promote the essential element uptake by M. aeruginosa for MC synthesis. Thus, Ce exposure in Lake Taihu water aggravates the pollution of MCs via enhancing endocytosis in cells of M. aeruginosa. The results provide reference for assessing the environmental risk of Ce in water environments, investigating the mechanism of the pollution of MCs induced by environmental factors, and developing strategies aimed at preventing and controlling the pollution of MCs.

2.
J Mol Histol ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642827

RESUMO

Cell-based therapeutics bring great hope in areas of unmet medical needs. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been suggested to facilitate neovascularization mainly by paracrine action. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) can migrate to ischemic sites and participate in angiogenesis. The combination cell therapy that includes MSCs and EPCs has a favorable effect on ischemic limbs. However, the mechanism of combination cell therapy remains unclear. Herein, we investigate whether stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 secreted by MSCs contributes to EPC migration to ischemic sites via CXCR4/Phosphoinositide 3-Kinases (PI3K)/protein kinase B (termed as AKT) signaling pathway. First, by a "dual-administration" approach, intramuscular MSC injections were supplemented with intravenous Qdot® 525 labeled-EPC injections in the mouse model of hind limb ischemia. Then, the mechanism of MSC effect on EPC migration was detected by the transwell system, tube-like structure formation assays, western blot assays in vitro. Results showed that the combination delivery of MSCs and EPCs enhanced the incorporation of EPCs into the vasculature and increased the capillary density in mouse ischemic hind limb. The numbers of CXCR4-positive EPCs increased after incubation with MSC-conditioned medium (CM). MSCs contributed to EPC migration and tube-like structure formation, both of which were suppressed by AMD3100 and wortmannin. Phospho-AKT induced by MSC-CM was attenuated when EPCs were pretreated with AMD3100 and wortmannin. In conclusion, we confirmed that MSCs contributes to EPC migration, which is mediated via CXCR4/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

3.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 4688900, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603596

RESUMO

Introduction: Mildly increased bilirubin concentration has a protective effect on oxidative stress-related diseases. However, it remains unknown whether elevated circulating bilirubin is associated with longer telomere length. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association between total bilirubin concentration and telomere length. Methods: We used the data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002. The multivariable linear regression model was used to examine the association between total bilirubin concentration and telomere length. The nonlinear relationship was analyzed using a generalized additive model with the smoothing plot. Results: A total of 7818 participants with a mean age of 49.20 ± 18.82 years were included. Compared with the lowest concentration of total bilirubin (Q1), the highest quartile of total bilirubin concentration was associated with longer telomere length in male (ß = 0.04, 95 CI%: 0.00, 0.07, P = 0.024) and female (ß = 0.04, 95 CI%: 0.02, 0.04, P = 0.002). Furthermore, an inverted U-shaped relationship between total bilirubin and telomere length was found. On the left of turning points (total bilirubin < 0.5 mg/dL), total bilirubin concentration was positively associated with telomere length (ß = 0.23, 95 CI%: 0.14, 0.32, P < 0.001). However, the association between total bilirubin concentration and telomere length was not significant (ß = 0.01, 95% CI: -0.01, 0.04, P = 0.346) above the turning point. Conclusion: This is the first evidence based on a nationally representative survey demonstrating a positive and nonlinear association between total bilirubin concentration and telomere length. Future large-scale prospective studies are warranted to confirm our findings.

4.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623819

RESUMO

Polyphosphate-accumulating organisms (PAOs), which can store high levels of phosphate (Pi) in the form of polyphosphate (polyP), are employed to engineer enhanced biological P removal (EBPR) from wastewaters. Co-localization of Mg and K in polyP granules of PAOs has been reported, and higher abundance of Mg-polyP granules relative to other metal complexes was correlated positively with EBPR performance stability. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Here, we obtained molecular structural information of hydrated polyP complexes with four physiologically relevant metal cations (Na+, K+, Ca2+, and Mg2+) using computational and experimental techniques. Molecular dynamics simulations revealed that Mg-polyP and K-polyP complexes were the most and least stable of the complexes, respectively, suggesting that the co-occurrence of these complexes facilitates variable polyP bioavailability. The relative thermodynamic stability reflected the strength of metal chelation whereby the coordination distance between the polyP ligand O and the metal was 1.71-2.01 Å for Mg2+ but this distance was 2.64-2.70 Å for K+. Pair distribution function analysis of X-ray scattering data obtained with a Mg-polyP solution corroborated the theoretical Mg-polyP coordination geometry. These findings implied a possible mechanistic role of metal complexation in the P cycling traits of PAOs in engineered and natural systems.

5.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion (PE) has been one of the promising sources of liquid biopsy in advanced lung cancer patients. However, its clinical utility is not widely accepted due to the lack of full estimation of its potential versus routine clinical samples. METHOD: A total of 164 advanced lung cancer patients were enrolled with 164 matched tumor tissue and PE-cfDNA, 153 accompanied plasma and 63 1PE-sDNA. RESULT: PE-cfDNA displayed significantly higher median mutant allele frequency and an overall mutation concordance rate of 65% to tissue, which was higher than PE-sDNA (43%) and plasma-cfDNA (43%). The discrepancies between PE-cfDNA and tumor tissue were high in several genes, including SMARCA4, PIK3CA, ERBB2, KM T2A, ALK and NF1. For clinically actionable mutations, the concordance rate between PE-cfDNA and tumor tissue is 87%. Eleven patients were identified with actionable mutations in PE-cfDNA and four patients benefited from PE-cfDNA-guided targeted. Meanwhile, PE-cfDNA recapitulated mutations of diverse tissue origins and provided more mutational information under the circumstance that tumor tissue or tumor tissue of different origins were unavailable. The combination of tumor tissue and PE-cfDNA profiling increased positive detection rates of patients compared to tumor tissue alone. Our finding highlighted the importance of PE-cfDNA in the optimal selection of patients for targeted therapy. CONCLUSION: The PE-cfDNA-based liquid biopsy displays better performance in the characterization of gene alterations than PE-sDNA and plasma-cfDNA. PE-cfDNA together with tumor tissue profiling optimizes comprehensively genomic profiling of lung cancer patients, which might be important for selecting patients for better treatment management.

6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596505

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, short-rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain CBS1P-1T, was isolated from a surface-sterilized bark of Aegiceras corniculatum. Growth of strain CBS1P-1T was observed with between 0 and 12.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally with 5.0 %) and at between pH 6.0-9.0. It grew at temperatures between 25-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that ubiquinone-10 was the respiratory quinone. The lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified glycolipid, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified aminolipid. The major fatty acids of strain CBS1P-1T were C18 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0 and C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CBS1P-1T was most related to Pseudooceanicola antarcticus CGMCC 1.12662T with a sequence similarity of 96.5 %. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain CBS1P-1T and P. antarcticus 1.12662T were 77.5 and 21.1 %, respectively. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 67.3 mol%. Based on phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain CBS1P-1T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Pseudooceanicola, for which the name Pseudooceanicola endophyticus is proposed. The type strain is CBS1P-1T (=KCTC 62836T=CGMCC 1.13743T).


Assuntos
Primulaceae , Rhodobacteraceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , Casca de Planta , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Front Public Health ; 9: 764364, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650957

RESUMO

This paper employs data from the 2016 and 2018 China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) to study the impact of participation in Urban and Rural Resident Basic Medical Insurance (URRBMI) on children's educational outcomes by using the logit model, double selection Lasso model, and propensity score matching. It is found that participating in URRBMI has no significant effect on children's Chinese performance, but has a significant negative effect on children's mathematics performance. The negative effect is more obvious for children who participating in the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS). The paper also studies the channel effects of participation in URRBMI on children's educational outcomes trough two different ways. It is noticed that both channel effects are not significant, that is, participation in URRBMI neither improves children's health nor changes household education expenditures.

8.
Clin Imaging ; 81: 24-32, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) model for the detection, precise anatomical localization (right 1-12th and left 1-12th) and classification (fresh, healing and old fractures) of rib fractures automatically, and to compare the performance with the experienced radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 640 rib fracture patients with 340,501 annotations were retrospectively collected from three hospitals. They consisted of a classification training dataset (n = 482), a localization training dataset (n = 30), an internal testing dataset (n = 90) and an external testing dataset (n = 38). RetinaNet with rib localization postprocessing and the result merging technique were employed to structure the CNN model. ROC curve, free-response ROC curve, AUC, precision, recall, and F1-score were calculated to choose the better option between model I (training classification and localization data together) and model II (adding an additional classification model to model I). RESULTS: The detection and classification performance of rib fractures was better in model II than in model I. The sensitivity of localization reached 97.11% and 94.87% on the right and left ribs, respectively. In the external dataset with different CT scanner and slice thickness, model II showed better diagnostic performance. Moreover, the CNN model was superior in diagnosing fresh and healing fractures to 5 radiologists and consumed shorter diagnosis time. CONCLUSIONS: Our CNN model was capable of detection, precise anatomical localization, and classification of rib fractures automatically.

9.
J Sch Psychol ; 88: 1-17, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625206

RESUMO

Immigrant families face multiple barriers to engaging with children's schools. Yet, school-based parent involvement has been associated with academic and behavioral benefits for children of immigrant families. Although past research has examined links between family contextual factors and parent involvement, less is known about the links between school contextual factors and parent involvement in immigrant families. Identifying socio-cultural barriers to parent involvement across home and school contexts can inform culturally competent family engagement interventions serving immigrant families. In a two-wave (1.5 years apart) longitudinal study of a community-based sample of Chinese American children (N = 210, beginning age = 5.8-9.1 years) attending over 80 schools in a metropolitan area, we assessed school-based parent involvement behaviors and parent involvement-related psychological processes (i.e., parent-teacher relationship quality, parents' endorsement of schools, teachers' perceptions of parents) using parent and teacher report. First, results indicated that significant positive associations were found between school-based parent involvement behaviors and parent involvement-related psychological processes (rs = 0.36-0.53). Next, multi-level modeling was conducted to test concurrent relations of Wave 1 school contextual factors to all four parent involvement constructs (controlling for family-level factors), as well as testing the prospective relations of parent involvement at Wave 1 to children's academic achievement at Wave 2. Student body diversity of schools was negatively associated with school-based parent involvement (rs = -0.18, -0.17), parent-rated parent-teacher relationship quality (r = -0.18), and parents' endorsement of schools (r = -0.36). The concentration of Asian students at schools and schoolwide achievement were negatively associated with teachers' perceptions of parents (rs = -0.18, -0.20). However, neither school contextual factors nor school-based parent involvement at Wave 1 uniquely predicted children's academic achievement at Wave 2. Implications of findings for understanding and addressing barriers to engaging Chinese American immigrant families in their children's schools are discussed.

10.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1178: 338794, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482876

RESUMO

Fluorescent materials with tunable optical properties are critical to their potential application. So far, the tuning of double-color luminescence has been easily achieved for many organic materials, but there are very few reports on multicolor luminescence materials. In this work, a multicolor emissions Schiff-base fluorescent compound 1,1'-{4,4'-Biphenyldiylbis[nitrilo(E)methylylidene]}di(2-naphthol) (BPDN) with an aggregation induced emission (AIE) characteristic was synthesized, and its luminescent characteristic was investigated. The BPDN molecules with low concentration in solution can emit faint light, but a new AIE phenomenon will appear when the BPDN molecules are aggregated in the solvent with low solubility or high concentration. The color and efficiency of the AIE of BPDN can be tuned by changing its aggregation state: the luminescence of the aggregate gradually redshifts (blue, green, to orange) as the solvent with poor solubility in the mixture increases or increasing the concentration of the BPDN. Based on the multicolor luminescence BPDN, a molecularly imprinted ratiometric fluorescent probe test strip (MIRF test strip) had been prepared and successfully applied to visual detection of pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB). The color of test strip could change gradually from orange to yellow to green with the increase of the concentration of PCNB. This work shows the characteristic and application of multicolor luminescence BPDN.


Assuntos
Luminescência , Nitrobenzenos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Solventes
11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 710240, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489866

RESUMO

Background: The triglyceride-glucose index (TyG index) is a valuable marker for predicting adverse cardiovascular events in diabetic patients. However, for nondiabetic patients, whether the TyG index is independently related to poor prognosis remains unclear. This cohort study assessed the association of the TyG index with future cardiovascular risk in nondiabetic subjects who received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: We consecutively enrolled 5,489 nondiabetic patients who underwent PCI. All experimental subjects were divided into three groups based on their TyG index, which was determined by the equation ln (fasting triglyceride (mg/dl) × fasting blood glucose (mg/dl)/2). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), including all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), nonfatal stroke, and target vessel revascularization (TVR). Results: A total of 386 MACCE were documented during a median 29-month follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier survival results indicated that among the three groups, there was no obvious difference in any endpoints. Further Cox regression analyses suggested that the TyG index was not independently related to adverse cardiovascular outcomes for nondiabetic patients who underwent PCI (HR: 0.77, 95% CI 0.56-1.16, P = 0.210 for MACCE). Subgroup analysis suggested that the TyG index was independently relevant to MACCE for patients with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lower than 1.8 mmol/L. Conclusion: The TyG index is not an effective predictive factor for adverse cardiovascular prognosis in nondiabetic patients who underwent PCI. However, in subjects with LDL-C lower than 1.8mmol/L, it may predict future cardiovascular risk.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558051

RESUMO

2,4,6-Tribromophenol (TBP, CAS No. 118-79-6), the most widely produced brominated phenol, is frequently detected in environmental components. The detection of TBP in human bodies has earned great concerns about its adverse effects on human beings, especially for early embryonic development. Here, we optimized the mouse embryo in vitro culture (IVC) system for early post-implantation embryos and employed it to determine the embryotoxicity of TBP. With this new research model, we revealed the dose-dependent toxic effects of TBP on mouse embryos from peri-implantation to egg cylinder stages. Furthermore, TBP exposure inhibited the differentiation and survival of epiblast (EPI) cells and extraembryonic endoderm (ExEn) cells, while those of extraembryonic ectoderm (ExEc) cells were not influenced. These results implied that TBP might inhibit embryonic development by influencing the generation of three primary germ layers and fetal membranes (the amnion, chorionic disk, umbilical cord, and yolk sac). In summary, we showed a proof of concept for applying mouse embryo IVC system as a novel research model for studying mammalian embryonic toxicology of environmental pollutants. This study also demonstrated the toxicity of TBP on early embryonic development of mammals.

13.
J Food Biochem ; : e13932, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528276

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the hypouricemic effect in hyperuricemia mice of triterpenoid acids from Inonotus obliquus (TAIO), and decipher of the underlying xanthine oxidase inhibitory mechanism. Measurement of xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory activity was assayed. Organ indexes and serum biochemical indicators were measured in potassium oxonate-induced hyperuricemia mice. Studies showed that TAIO had the strong inhibitory effect on XO activity, and its inhibition type was mixed and reversible. In vivo, TAIO decreased efficiently uric acid level, hepatic XO, serum blood urea nitrogen activities in hyperuricemia mice. Indicating that TAIO may ameliorate kidney damage and relieve inflammation in hyperuricemic mice, and had the inhibitory effect on XO activity. Furthermore, eight triterpenoids were identified by Ultra performance liquid chromatography electrospray quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry. These findings proved that triterpenoids from Inonotus obliquus would have potential biological characteristics and effect on controlling hyperuricemia and gout as an active supplement. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: There are a large amount of evidence indicating that hyperuricemia and gout are related to the hypertension and obesity. And gout and hyperuricemia are also possible connection with cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Currently, xanthine oxidase is the target of many kinds of chemical drugs at present, but the therapeutic drugs used in clinical medicine will produce more or less side effects. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the material basis of effective substances for reducing uric acid in Inonotus obliquus and to evaluate its effect. This study can provide a promising application of Inonotus obliquus in the fields of functional foods or medicines for gout and hyperuricemia.

14.
Ginekol Pol ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the effect of interdisciplinary and diversified health education combined with personalized nutrition intervention on FPG, 2hPG, SDS, SAS scores and pregnancy outcome of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 180 GDM patients, who were admitted to our hospital between June 2019 and June 2020, were enrolled as the research subjects and randomly divided into two groups: a research group and a control group (n = 90, each). The patients in the control group received routine care while the patients in the research group received interdisciplinary and diversified health education combined with personalized nutrition intervention. The fasting blood-glucose (FPG), two-hour postprandial blood glucose (2hPBG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), SDS, SAS scores, and pregnancy outcome of the two groups of pregnant women were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: The differences in the levels of FBG, 2hPBG and HbA1C between the two groups before nursing were not statistically significant. After nursing, the levels of FBG, 2hPBG, and HbA1C of the two groups of patients decreased, and the differences in each group before and after intervention were statistically significant. These indexes were lower in the research group than in the control group, the differences being statistically significant. There were no significant differences between the two groups in SAS and SDS scores before nursing, but there were statistically significant differences after nursing. The incidence of unfavorable pregnancy outcome was lower in the research group (8.89%) than in the control group (14.44%), but the difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Interdisciplinary and diversified health education combined with personalized nutrition intervention can effectively reduce FPG, 2hPG, SDS, and SAS scores in GDM women.

15.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of new causative and risk genes for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been identified mostly in patients of European ancestry. In contrast, we know relatively little regarding the genetics of ALS in other ethnic populations. This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the genetics of ALS in an unprecedented large cohort of Chinese mainland population and correlate with the clinical features of rare variants carriers. METHODS: A total of 1587 patients, including 64 familial ALS (FALS) and 1523 sporadic ALS (SALS), and 1866 in-house controls were analysed by whole-exome sequencing and/or testing for G4C2 repeats in C9orf72. Forty-one ALS-associated genes were analysed. FINDINGS: 155 patients, including 26 (40.6%) FALS and 129 (8.5%) SALS, carrying rare pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants of ALS causative genes were identified. SOD1 was the most common mutated gene, followed by C9orf72, FUS, NEK1, TARDBP and TBK1. By burden analysis, rare variants in SOD1, FUS and TARDBP contributed to the collective risk for ALS (p<2.5e-6) at the gene level, but at the allelic level TARDBP p.Gly294Val and FUS p.Arg521Cys and p.Arg521His were the most important single variants causing ALS. Clinically, P/LP variants in TARDBP and C9orf72 were associated with poor prognosis, in FUS linked with younger age of onset, and C9orf72 repeats tended to affect cognition. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide essential information for understanding the genetic and clinical features of ALS in China and for optimal design of genetic testing and evaluation of disease prognosis.

16.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 405, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clones provide a sensitive method for evaluating genotypic stability and detecting genotype-environment (G × E) interactions because of non-additive genetic effects among clones and there being no genetic effect among ramets of an ortet. With this study, we aimed to confirm and expand earlier findings, estimate stability parameters, and provide accurate estimates of clonal repeatabilities and genetic gains for a triploid breeding program of P. tomentosa Carr. RESULTS: Six 5-year-old clonal trials established in Northern China were used to determine the clonal variation, clone × site interactions, and the stability parameters of fiber properties of wood and growth traits. 360 trees from ten hybrid clones were collected from six sites. The clonal and site effects had a highly significant effect (P < 0.001) for all studied traits. While the clone × site interactions had a highly significant effect (P < 0.001) on fiber length (FL), coarseness (C), and tree growth (tree height [H], diameter at breast height [DBH] and stem volume [SV]), and a moderate effect (P < 0.05) on fiber width (FW) and fiber length/width (FL/W). For FL and SV, most of the triploid hybrid clones had higher reaction norms to the improvement in growth conditions and higher phenotypic plasticity. The estimated clonal repeatability of FW (0.93) was slightly higher than for FL (0.89), FL/W (0.83), C (0.91), DBH (0.76), H (0.85), and SV (0.80). Three clonal testing sites were sufficient to estimate quantitative parameters of fiber properties, however, more clonal testing sites would help improve the accuracy of quantitative parameters of the growth traits. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight that accurate estimation of quantitative parameters for growth traits in triploid hybrid clones of P. tomentosa requires more clonal testing sites than the fiber properties.


Assuntos
Clonagem de Organismos , Genótipo , Populus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Populus/genética , Triploidia , Madeira , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Variação Genética , Melhoramento Vegetal/métodos
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3960-3969, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472273

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of Tanreqing Injection in the treatment of acute lung injury(ALI) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. The active components and action targets of Tanreqing Injection were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), PubChem, and SwissTargetPrediction databases, as well as available literature reports. The ALI-related targets were obtained from the GeneCards database and then mapped with Tanreqing Injection targets. Following the construction of "drug-component-potential target" network with Cytoscape 3.6.1, the potential targets were input into STRING to yield the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network, which was plotted using Cytoscape 3.6.1. Then the screened key targets were subjected to gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) enrichment analysis based on DAVID database. The top three key targets RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), albumin(ALB) and interleukin-6(IL6) were docked to the top three key compounds by PyMOL and AutoDock vina. A total of 58 active components of Tanreqing Injection, 597 corresponding targets and 503 common targets shared by Tanreqing Injection and ALI were fi-gured out, with the key targets AKT1, ALB and IL6 involved. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis yielded 1 445 biological processes and 148 signaling pathways, respectively. Molecular docking verified a good binding ability of the top three key targets to the top three key compounds. The analysis based on network pharmacology and molecular docking uncovered that Tanreqing Injection directly or indirectly regulated the pulmonary capillary endothelial cells and alveolar epithelial cells via anti-inflammation, thus alleviating ALI.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/genética , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
18.
Foot Ankle Int ; : 10711007211044442, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic techniques have gradually become popular for anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) repair. However, the reliability of the repair and the risk of nerve injuries are of concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fully intra-articular lasso-loop stitch technique for arthroscopic ATFL repair. METHODS: From October 2018 to December 2019, 43 cases with chronic lateral ankle instability were treated with this fully intra-articular lasso-loop stitch technique using the Arthro-Pierce instrument. The Karlsson-Peterson score, Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, anterior drawer and talar tilt stress fluoroscopy were evaluated at the preoperative and final follow-up appointments, respectively. All surgical complications were also recorded. RESULTS: A total of 39 cases were followed up for a mean of 28.23 ± 3.64 months (range, 23-34 months). At the final follow-up, the averages of the Karlsson-Peterson, CAIT and VAS scores were 90.26 ± 6.58, 88.56 ± 7.21 and 0.79 ± 1.06, respectively. During surgery, 2 cases were modified with augmentation of the inferior extensor retinaculum. No nerve injuries were encountered. Only 1 female complained about mild knot irritation. A 25-year-old solider required revision surgery due to an accidental injury. CONCLUSION: We found the fully intra-articular lasso-loop stitch technique for ATFL repair using the Arthro-Pierce instrument to be reliable and safe with a sufficient and good-quality ligament remnant. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, retrospective case series.

19.
Crit Rev Eukaryot Gene Expr ; 31(4): 89-100, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587439

RESUMO

This study aimed to screen autophagy-related genes (ARGs) that affect the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) gene expression data and genotype-tissue expression (GTEx) databases. The expression data of pancreatic cancer and normal pancreas were downloaded from TCGA and GTEx databases. Human ARGs list was obtained through the Human Autophagy Database (HADB) and GeneCards database. The Wilcox test was performed to screen differentially expressed ARGs. Differentially expressed ARGs were analyzed by gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) functional enrichment analyses. The CIBER-SORT algorithm was utilized to analyze immune cell infiltration in samples. A total of 21 up-regulated ARGs and 11 down-regulated ARGs were screened in the TCGA-GTEx integrated data set. The enrichment analysis of GO and KEGG showed that 32 differentially expressed ARGs were significantly enriched in autophagy-related pathways. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that 12 candidate ARGs were significantly related to the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis found that ATG16L2, GNAI3, APOL1, and PTK6 genes may be the key ARGs affecting the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. Based on these four key ARGs, a prognostic risk assessment model was constructed, and pancreatic cancer patients were classified into the high-risk and low-risk group according to the risk value. Survival analysis and ROC analysis confirmed that the prognostic risk assessment model can accurately predict the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer. Immune infiltration analysis found that B cells naive, B cells memory, plasma cells, T cells CD8, T cells CD4 memory resting, monocytes and macrophages M0 were significantly different in tissue samples of pancreatic cancer patients in the high and low risk groups. Pearson's correlation coefficient showed that the four key ARGs may affect the development of pancreatic cancer by affecting immune cell components in the tumor micro-environment. In conclusion, ATG16L2, GNAI3, APOL1, and PTK6 may be related to the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. The prognostic risk assessment model constructed based on these four key ARGs could accurately predict the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients.

20.
Thorac Cancer ; 12(19): 2564-2573, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase 2 (SHP2) is a novel target for Kirsten rat sarcoma oncogene (KRAS) mutant cancer. We retrospectively studied the significance of SHP2 in KRAS mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with immunotherapy and its relationship with tumor microenvironment (TME). METHODS: Sixty-one advanced KRAS mutant NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy were enrolled. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to profile mutation status. The expression of SHP2, phospho-SHP2 (pSHP2), and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Quantitative multiplexed immunofluorescence cytochemistry (mIFC) analysis was conducted to describe the TME. RESULTS: SHP2 was heterogeneously expressed in 32 samples in both tumor cells and immune cells and highly expressed (H-score >10) in 25 (78.1%) samples. The expression levels of SHP2 and pSHP2 were positively correlated. Stromal SHP2 (s-SHP2) was higher in tumors with PD-L1 ≥50% versus PD-L1 <50% (p = 0.039). By quantitative mIFC analysis, the expression of s-SHP2 had positive correlation with CD8, CD4, CD68, and PD-L1 levels in stromal area. Patients with high SHP2 expression made up 100.0% of the partial respond (PR) and 80.0% of the stable disease (SD), whereas 50.0% of the progress disease (PD). High SHP2 expression was associated with longer progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) (p < 0.001, p = 0.013). Patients with high expression of both SHP2 and PD-L1 had longer PFS (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: High SHP2 expression could predict the efficacy of immunotherapy and better survival in advanced KRAS mutant NSCLC. SHP2 may function in both tumor cells and immune cells, warranting further study on the potential diverse effects of SHP2 inhibition in TME.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...