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1.
J Inflamm Res ; 15: 163-176, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35035227

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate if a traditional Chinese medicine formulation, called "Yiqihuoxue" (YQHX), could improve diabetic atherosclerosis (DA) and explore potential mechanisms based on DNA methylation. METHODS: Apolipoprotein E-knockout mice were administered streptozotocin (50 mg/d, i.p.) for 5 days and fed a high-fat diet for 16 weeks. Mice were divided randomly into DA model, rosiglitazone, as well as low-, medium-, and high-dose YQHX groups. Ten healthy C57BL/6J mice were the control group. Serum levels of fasting insulin, blood glucose, homeostasis model-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), serum lipids, and inflammatory factors were analyzed after the final treatment. Aorta tissues were collected for staining (hematoxylin and eosin, and Oil red O). Genomic DNA was extracted for methyl-capture sequencing (MC-seq). Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins (STRING) databases were used to analyze differentially methylated genes. Pyrosequencing was used to verify MC-seq data. RESULTS: Low-dose and high-dose YQHX could reduce the HOMA-IR (P < 0.05). Low-dose YQHX reduced expression of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), TNF-α, andI L-6 in serum compared with that in the model group (P < 0.05). Medium-dose YQHX decoction inhibited the expression level of TNF-α (P < 0.05). High-dose YQHX decreased the expression level of IL-6 (P < 0.05). Staining also showed the anti-atherosclerosis effects of YQHX (P < 0.05). MC-seq revealed many abnormally hypermethylated and hypomethylated genes in DA mice compared with those in the control group. KEGG database analysis showed that the hypermethylated genes induced by YQHX treatment were related to pathways in cancer, Hippo signaling, and mitogen activated protein kinase. The network analysis suggested that the hypermethylated genes epidermal growth factor receptor(Egfr) and phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1(Pik3r1) induced by YQHX treatment had important roles in DA. Pyrosequencing revealed that YQHX treatment increased methylation of AKT1, Nr1h3 and Fabp4 significantly (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: YQHX decoction had positive treatment effects against DA, because it could regulate aberrant hypomethylation of DNA.

2.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 41(4): 630-635, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392657

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between the efficacy of realgar for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes with multilineage dysplasia (MDS-MLD) and arsenic concentration in the peripheral blood of patients. METHODS: In this prospective study, a total of 50 MDS-MLD patients were treated with traditional Chinese drugs containing realgar for 3 months in Xiyuan Hospital from March 2018 to January 2019. Routine blood examination as well as liver and kidney function were monitored before and after treatment. The concentration of arsenic in the peripheral blood was measured using an atomic fluorescence spectrometer after treatment. The correlation between clinical effect and arsenic concentration was analyzed by Spearman's method. RESULTS: The treatment response rate was 54%. Two patients (4% ) achieved complete remission, 50% (25 of 50) showed hematologic improvement, and 23 patients had stable disease (23% ). No disease progression was observed. Arsenic concentration in the peripheral blood ranged from 14.60 to 85.96 µg/L. Clinical efficacy was positively correlated with arsenic concentration (P < 0.05). The incidence of mild adverse reactions was 16%. CONCLUSION: A relatively high concentration of arsenic in the peripheral blood may improve the clinical efficacy of realgar in MDS-MLD patients.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Arsenicais , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sulfetos
3.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 55-63, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33442294

RESUMO

PURPOSE: DNA methylation is known to play an important role in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We previously showed that Chinese herbs (CHs) containing realgar (As2S2) were effective at treating MDS with multilineage dysplasia (MDS-MLD). We tested whether the response to CH treatment was related to changes in DNA methylation in MDS-MLD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: First, the Illumina methylation 850K array BeadChip assay was used to assess the pretreatment methylation status in bone marrow cells from eight MDS-MLD patients and 3 healthy donors. The eight MDS-MLD patients were then treated with CHs for six months, the arsenic concentration was measured following treatment. The patients were subsequently divided into "effective" and "ineffective" treatment response groups and the DNA methylation patterns of the two groups were compared. Finally, the BeadChip data were validated by pyrosequencing. RESULTS: Five of the eight MDS-MLD patients showed hematological improvement (effective-treatment group), while three showed disease progression (ineffective-treatment group) (positive response rate: 62.5%). The arsenic concentrations in the patients ranged from 26.60 to 64.16 µg/L (median 48.4 µg/L) and were not significantly different between the two groups (p = 0.27). Compared with the healthy controls, three genes were hypomethylated and 110 were hypermethylated in the ineffective-treatment group. However, in the group showing hematological improvement, 102 genes were markedly hypomethylated and 87 hypermethylated. The effective-treatment group had a higher proportion of hypomethylated sites than the ineffective-treatment group (53.9% vs 2.6%, respectively; chi-square test) (p < 0.0001). Two hypermethylated and two hypomethylated genes were selected for validation by pyrosequencing (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: MDS-MLD patients may present different DNA methylation subtypes. CHs containing realgar may be effective for treating MDS-MLD patients with the hypomethylation subtype.

4.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 1641-1650, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32431489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that DNA methylation plays a significant role in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). In addition to hypermethylation, aberrant hypomethylation can result in the transcriptional activation of oncogenes in cancer, including MDS. Therefore, drugs targeting DNA hypomethylation are needed for the treatment of MDS. This study aimed to investigate whether As2S2 promoted hypomethylation by increasing DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) expression in MDS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten bone marrow samples from MDS patients and 3 healthy donors were obtained for the examination of the DNA methylation with a Human Methylation 850K BeadChip. The mRNA expressions for the DNMTs in the ten MDS patients and 3 controls were compared by Q-PCR. Then, the MDS cell line SKM-1 was treated with As2S2. After 2 days of treatment, Human Methylation 850K BeadChip was applied to analyze the changes of gene methylation status in the cells. Q-PCR and Western blot were taken to test the changes of mRNA and protein expressions for DNMTs in SKM-1 cells after treatment. RESULTS: Five hundred ninety-two abnormally hypomethylated genes were found in MDS patients compared to those in controls by Human Methylation 850K. The mRNA expressions of DNMTs (DNMT1, DNMT3a and DNMT3b) in MDS patients were significantly lower than those in healthy individuals. The IC50 value of As2S2 for SKM-1 cells was 4.97 µmol/L.Treatment with As2S2 at 2 µmoL/L resulted in significant alterations in the methylation levels at 1718 sites in SKM-1 cells compared to those in the controls. Hypermethylation was observed in 1625 sites (94.58%), corresponding to 975 genes, compared to those in the controls. Finally, the expression levels of DNMTs (DNMT1, DNMT3a, and DNMT3b) significantly increased in SKM-1 cells treated with As2S2 at 2 µmoL/L and 4 µmoL/L. CONCLUSION: These data show a potential clinical application of As2S2 as an innovative hypermethylation agent in MDS.


Assuntos
Arsenicais/farmacologia , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferases/genética , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/enzimologia , Sulfetos/farmacologia , Adulto , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Adulto Jovem
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215045

RESUMO

Aberrant hypermethylation and hypomethylation both play important roles in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Hypomethylating agents targeting hypermethylation have been employed for the MDS treatment, but the treatment effect is limited. Novel drugs for DNA hypomethylation-targeted therapy may be needed to improve clinic efficacy for the treatment of MDS. Chinese medicine (CM) herbs have been used to treat MDS for many years in our hospital. However, the long-term treatment effect and mechanism remain unclear. In this study, all 135 patients received CM treatment for at least 36 months. The response rates for CM treatment were 81.53% (106/130) for hematological improvement in 130 MDS-RCMD patients and 80% (4/5) for bone marrow CR in 5 MDS-RAEB patients, respectively. The Human Methylation 850K BeadChip showed that 115 genes (50.88%) were aberrantly hypomethylated in 5 MDS patients compared with 3 healthy individuals. GO-analysis showed that these hypomethylated genes participated in many cancer-related biological functions and pathways. Furthermore, 60 genes were hypermethylated and the protein expression level of DNMT1 was significantly increased in the 5 MDS patients after 6 months of CM treatment. Our study suggests that CM can improve aberrant hypomethylation by increasing DNMT1 expression in MDS. The data support the clinical application of CM herbs containing arsenic as an innovative hypermethylation-inducing regimen for the treatment of MDS.

6.
Chin J Integr Med ; 25(5): 354-359, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29500545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Qinghuang Powder (QHP,()combined with Bupi Yishen Decoction (BPYS, ) on myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) patients with refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD) and determine the change of DNA methylation in MDS-RCMD patients after the treatment of Chinese medicine formula. METHODS: All 308 MDS-RCMD patients were treated with QHP combined with BPYS for 2 months at least, absolute neutrophil count (ANC), hemoglobin (Hb), platelets (PLT), primitive bone marrow cells and chromosome karyotype were chosen as the main evaluation indexes to analyze the treatment effect according to criteria from the MDS International Working Group. Then 43 bone marrow samples from 15 MDS-RCMD patients and 28 healthy donors were obtained for the examination of DNA methylation. Gene Ontology (GO) and Pathway analysis were applied to analyze the methylation data. RESULTS: The overall MDS response rate to QHP was 61.68% (190/360) including hematologic improvement-neutrophil (HI-N) or hematologic improvement-erythroid (HI-E) or hematologic improvement-platelet (HI-P). Patients with anemia had a better response rate than patients with neutropenia or thrombocypenia (55.88% vs 31.54% or 55.88% vs. 36.9%). The DNA methylation microarray analysis disclosed that 4,257 hypermethylated genes were demethylated upon the treatment with QHP and BPYS. GO analysis and Pathway analysis showed that these demethylated genes were involved in a lot of tumor-related pathways and functions. CONCLUSIONS: QHP combined with BPYS could effectively treat MDS-RCMD patients through hematologic improvement (HI-N, HI-P or HI-E) and PLT and RBC transfusion independence due to the demethylation, thereby providing another choice for the treatment of patients with MDS-RCMD.


Assuntos
Arsenicais/uso terapêutico , Linhagem da Célula , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Transtornos Leucocíticos/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Leucocíticos/genética , Arsenicais/administração & dosagem , Arsenicais/farmacologia , Linhagem da Célula/efeitos dos fármacos , Desmetilação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Feminino , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Chin J Integr Med ; 24(7): 512-517, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29752693

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Zhizi Chuanxiong Capsule (ZCC, ) on abnormal DNA methylation in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis (AS). METHODS: After 1 week of adaptive feeding, 48 New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups: a control group (n=12) fed with normal diet for 22 weeks; a model group (n=12) fed with high fat diet for 14 weeks followed by 8 weeks of normal diet feeding; a low-dose ZCC group (n=12) fed with high fat diet and low-dose ZCC for 14 weeks, followed by 8 weeks of normal diet and low-dose drug; a high-dose ZCC group (n=12) fed with high fat diet and high-dose drug for 14 weeks, followed by 8 weeks of normal diet and high-dose drug. After 22 weeks of feeding, blood samples were taken from the rabbit ear vein, and the genomic DNA was extracted for methylation immunoprecipitation sequencing (Medip-seq). The aorta tissues were collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. RESULTS: Eight rabbits died during the feeding process. HE staining showed that the size of the lipid deposition on vessel wall and atherosclerotic plaque formation were reduced in both low- and high-dose group. The Medip-seq results showed that there were 146 abnormally methylated genes (including both hypermethylated gene and hypomethylated genes) in the model group, compared with the control group. Gene Ontology (GO) and Pathway analysis showed that these abnormally methylated genes were found to be involved in multiple AS-related functions and pathways, such as protein kinase C activity, cholesterol transport, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, peroxisome proliferater-activated receptor signaling pathway, vascular smooth muscle contraction, inflammation and so on. The abnormal methylated genes in AS model group were altered in both low- and high-dose groups: low-dose ZCC could change 72 of the 146 abnormally methylated genes, high-dose ZCC could change 71. Through GO and Pathway analysis, these altered methylated genes were involved in protein kinase C activity, inflammatory pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway, etc. CONCLUSION: ZCC could treat AS through regulating the abnormal hypermethylated and hypomethylated genes in AS rabbit model.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Animais , Aterosclerose/genética , Cápsulas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Coelhos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/fisiologia
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 34(12): 1444-8, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25632743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of a low dose Qinghuang Powder (QP) combined with Chinese drugs for Shen supplementing and Pi invigorating (CDSSPI) in treatment of hypocellular myelodysplastic syndromes (hypo-MDS). METHODS: Totally 33 hypo-MDS patients enrolled in this study came from outpatient clinics between November 2011 and December 2012. A self-control method was used in this study. Patients took QP (0.4 g per day) combined with CDSSPI (one dose per day), and Stanozolol Tablet (2 mg each time, three times per day), 3 months as one therapeutic course, a total of 2 courses. The clinical efficacy was evaluated timely at the end of each therapeutic course. The venous blood was withdrawn before treatment, at month 3 and 6 after treatment. Changes of neutrophils (ANC), hemoglobin (Hb), and platelet (PLT) were mainly observed. RESULTS: Totally 31 patients in this study finished the treatment. Three months after treatment ANC, Hb, and PLT increased more than before treatment (P < 0.05). Six months after treatment Hb and PLT increased (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), but with no statistical difference in ANC (P > 0.05). Hb increased higher at month 6 after treatment than at month 3 after treatment (P < 0.01), but with no statistical difference in ANC or PLT (P > 0.05). After 3-month treatment the number of hematologic progress, stability, disease progression were: 13 cases (41.9%), 15 cases (48.4%), and 3 cases (9.7%), respectively; after 6-month treatment the number of hematologic improvement, stability, and disease progression were: 18 cases (58.1%), 7 cases (22.6%), 6 cases (19.3%), respectively. There was no significant difference between 3-month efficacy and 6-month efficacy (P > 0.05). There was no correlation between the efficacy and ages of hypo-MDS patients or the efficacy and courses of hypo-MDS patients (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A low dose QP combined with CDSSPI showed confirmative efficacy in treatment of hypo-MDS. But the efficacy had little correlation with ages and courses of hypo-MDS patients.


Assuntos
Arsenicais/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Arsenicais/administração & dosagem , Arsenicais/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Hemoglobinas , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Neutrófilos , Fitoterapia/métodos
9.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 19(6): 1536-40, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22169320

RESUMO

In recent years, significant progresses have been got in study on pathogenesis, treatment and prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), especially on use of new technology, that has great importance for cytogenetics of MDS. Recently, the progress of cytogenetic detection in MDS is very remarkable. Based on the metaphase cytogenetics (MC) method, prognostic significance of cytogenetics in MDS was clarified gradually. For example, people have known the prognostic significance of 12 p-, 11 q-, +21, t(11(q23)), although these genetic abnormalities are rare in the MDS. In addition, chromosome mutation emerged in the process of MDS may indicate the poor prognosis. On the other hand, with the use of SNP-A and aCGH in the study of genetics, MDS cytogenetic abnormality detection rate has been further improved and can reach to 78%. At the same time, some of MDS patients with the "normal karyotype" detected by MC have new hidden aberrations through the SNP or CGH detection, and these patients have a poorer prognosis. In this review, the advances of study on cytogenetic detection for MDS based on MC and SNP-A or aCGH methods are summarized.


Assuntos
Hibridização Genômica Comparativa/métodos , Citogenética/métodos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Humanos , Cariótipo , Cariotipagem , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prognóstico
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