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1.
Clin Imaging ; 81: 24-32, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) model for the detection, precise anatomical localization (right 1-12th and left 1-12th) and classification (fresh, healing and old fractures) of rib fractures automatically, and to compare the performance with the experienced radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 640 rib fracture patients with 340,501 annotations were retrospectively collected from three hospitals. They consisted of a classification training dataset (n = 482), a localization training dataset (n = 30), an internal testing dataset (n = 90) and an external testing dataset (n = 38). RetinaNet with rib localization postprocessing and the result merging technique were employed to structure the CNN model. ROC curve, free-response ROC curve, AUC, precision, recall, and F1-score were calculated to choose the better option between model I (training classification and localization data together) and model II (adding an additional classification model to model I). RESULTS: The detection and classification performance of rib fractures was better in model II than in model I. The sensitivity of localization reached 97.11% and 94.87% on the right and left ribs, respectively. In the external dataset with different CT scanner and slice thickness, model II showed better diagnostic performance. Moreover, the CNN model was superior in diagnosing fresh and healing fractures to 5 radiologists and consumed shorter diagnosis time. CONCLUSIONS: Our CNN model was capable of detection, precise anatomical localization, and classification of rib fractures automatically.


Assuntos
Fraturas das Costelas , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas das Costelas/diagnóstico por imagem , Costelas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Fitoterapia ; : 105096, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34883224

RESUMO

Two unprecedented ent-18,19-dinoricetexane diterpenoid glycosides, named abieshanesides A (1) and B (2), together with seven known compounds, have been isolated from the dead trunks and branches of Abies beshanzuensis M.H. Wu. To our knowledge, abieshanesides A and B represent the first ent-18,19-dinoricetexane diterpenoid glycosides found in natural sources. Their structures and absolute configurations were elucidated by using a combination of spectroscopic techniques and comparison of experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data. The MTT experiments showed that (E)-resveratrol (7) could inhibit viability of MH7A cells with the IC50 value of 12.5 µM. Compound 7 was able to block MH7A cell proliferation and was associated with G0/G1-phase cell cycle arrest. Flow cytometric analysis showed that the treatment by 7 significantly induced the proliferation of MH7A cells in a dose-dependent manner.

4.
Cell Discov ; 7(1): 103, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719679

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that the genetic factors partly influence the development of same-sex sexual behavior, but most genetic studies have focused on people of primarily European ancestry, potentially missing important biological insights. Here, we performed a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) with a total sample of 1478 homosexual males and 3313 heterosexual males in Han Chinese populations and identified two genetic loci (rs17320865, Xq27.3, FMR1NB, Pmeta = 8.36 × 10-8, OR = 1.29; rs7259428, 19q12, ZNF536, Pmeta = 7.58 × 10-8, OR = 0.75) showing consistent association with male sexual orientation. A fixed-effect meta-analysis including individuals of Han Chinese (n = 4791) and European ancestries (n = 408,995) revealed 3 genome-wide significant loci of same-sex sexual behavior (rs9677294, 2p22.1, SLC8A1, Pmeta = 1.95 × 10-8; rs2414487, 15q21.3, LOC145783, Pmeta = 4.53 × 10-9; rs2106525, 7q31.1, MDFIC, Pmeta = 6.24 × 10-9). These findings may provide new insights into the genetic basis of male sexual orientation from a wider population scope. Furthermore, we defined the average ZNF536-immunoreactivity (ZNF536-ir) concentration in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) as lower in homosexual individuals than in heterosexual individuals (0.011 ± 0.001 vs 0.021 ± 0.004, P = 0.013) in a postmortem study. In addition, compared with heterosexuals, the percentage of ZNF536 stained area in the SCN was also smaller in the homosexuals (0.075 ± 0.040 vs 0.137 ± 0.103, P = 0.043). More homosexual preference was observed in FMR1NB-knockout mice and we also found significant differences in the expression of serotonin, dopamine, and inflammation pathways that were reported to be related to sexual orientation when comparing CRISPR-mediated FMR1NB knockout mice to matched wild-type target C57 male mice.

5.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 125-134, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672149

RESUMO

Objective: The new theory of holistic integrative physiology and medicine, which describes the integrative regulation of respiratory, circulatory and metabolic systems in human body, generates the hypothesis of that breath is the origin of variability of circulatory parameters. We investigated the origin of heart rate variability by analyzing relationship between the breath and heart rate variability (HRV) during sleep. Methods: This retrospective study analyzed 8 normal subjects (NS) and 10 patients of chronic diseases without sleep apnea (CDs-no-SA). After signed the informed consent form, they performed cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in Fuwai Hospital and monitored polysomnography (PSG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) during sleep since 2014. We dominantly analyzed the correlation between the respiratory cycle during sleep and the heart rate variability cycle of the ECG R-R interval. The HRV cycle included the HR increase from the lowest to the highest and decrease from the highest to the lowest point. The number of HRV (HRV-n), average HRV time and other parameters were calculated. The breath cycle included complete inhalation and subsequent exhalation. The number of breath (B-n), average breath time and other breath parameters were analyzed and calculated. We analyzed each person's relationship between breath and HRV; and the similarities and differences between the NS and CDs-no-SA groups. Independent sample t test was used for statistical analysis, with P<0.05. Results: CPET core parameter such as Peak VO2 (83.8±8.9)% in NS were significantly higher than that (70.1±14.9)% in patients of chronic diseases without sleep apnea (P<0.05), but there was no difference between their AHI (1.7±1.3) in NS and AHI (2.9±1.2) in CDs-no-SA (P>0.05). The B-n and the HRV-n (6581.63±1411.90 vs 6638.38±1459.46), the average B time and the average HRV time (4.19±0.57)s vs (4.16±0.62)s in NS were similar without significant difference (P>0.05). The comparison of the numbers in CDs-no-SA were the number (7354.50±1443.50 vs 7291.20±1399.31) and the average times ((4.20±0.69)s vs (4.23±0.68)s) of B and HRV were similar without significant difference (P>0.05). The ratios of B-n/HRV-n in NS and CDs-no-SA were (0.993±0.027 vs 1.008±0.024) and both were close to 1 and similar without significant difference (P>0.05). The average magnitude of HRV in NS ((5.74±3.21) bpm) was significantly higher than that in CDs-no-SA ((2.88±1.44) bpm) (P<0.05). Conclusion: Regardless of the functional status of NS and CDs-no-SA, there is a similar consistency between B and HRV. The origin of initiating factors of HRV is the respiration.


Assuntos
Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Doença Crônica , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sono
6.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 135-141, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672150

RESUMO

Objective: Based on the hypothesis that respiration causes variability of circulatory indicators proposed by the holistic integrated physiology and medicine theory, the correlation between respiration and heart rate variability during sleep in chronically ill patients with abnormal sleep breathing is analyzed. Methods: Eleven chronically ill patients with abnormal sleep breathing and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥15 times/hr are recruited. After signing the informed consent, they completed the standardized symptomatic restrictive extreme exercise cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and sleep breathing monitoring Calculate and analyze the rules of respiratory nasal airflow and ECG RR interval heart rate variability during the oscillatory breathing (OB) phase and the normal steady breathing phase of the patient during sleep, and use the independent sample t test to compare with normal people and no sleep breathing abnormalities in the same period in this laboratory. Of patients with chronic diseases are more similar and different. Results: The peak oxygen uptake and anaerobic threshold (AT) of CPET in chronic patients with abnormal sleep apnea were (70.8±13.6)% Pred and (71.2±6.1)% Pred; 5 cases of CPET had exercise induced oscillatory breathing (EIOB), 6 An example is unstable breathing, which indicates that the overall functional status is lower than normal. In this group of patients with chronic diseases, AHI (28.8±10.0) beats/h, the ratio of the total time of abnormal sleep breathing to the total time of sleep (0.38±0.25); the length of the OB cycle (51.1±14.4)s. The ratio (Bn/HRV-B-n) of the number of breathing cycles in the normal and steady breathing period to the number of heart rate variability cycles in this group of patients with chronic diseases is 1.00±0.04, and the CV (SD of HRV-B-M/x) is (0.33 ±0.11), blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) did not decrease significantly, the average amplitude of heart rate variability (HRV-B-M) of each respiratory cycle rhythm was (2.64±1.59) bpm, although it was lower than normal people (P<0.05) , But it was similar to chronic patients without sleep apnea (P>0.05). In this group of patients with chronic diseases, the ratio of the number of respiratory cycles to the number of heart rate variability cycles (OB-Bn/OB-HRV-B-n) during OB is (1.22±0.18), and the average amplitude of heart rate variability for each respiratory cycle rhythm in OB (OB -HRV-B-M) is (3.56±1.57)bpm and its variability (OB-CV = SD of OB-HRV-B-M/x) is (0.59±0.28), the average amplitude of heart rate variability in each OB cycle rhythm (OB-HRV-OB-M) is (13.75±4.25)bpm, SpO2 decreases significantly during hypoventilation during OB, and the average decrease in SpO2 during OB (OB-SpO2-OB-M) is (4.79±1.39)%. The OB-Bn/OB-HRV-B-n ratio, OB-HRV-OB-M and OB-SpO2-OB-M in the OB period are all significantly higher than the corresponding indicators in the normal stable breathing period Large (P<0.01). Although OB-HRV-B-M has no statistically significant difference compared with HRV-B-M in normal stable breathing period (P>0.05), its variability OB-CV is significantly increased (P<0.01). Conclusion: The heart rate variability of chronic patients with abnormal sleep breathing in the OB phase is greater than that of the normal stable breathing period. When the breathing pattern changes, the heart rate variability also changes significantly. The number of breathing cycles in the stable breathing period is equal to the number of heart rate variability cycles.The ratio is the same as that of normal people and chronically ill patients without sleep apnea, confirming that heart rate variability is respiratory origin; and the reduction of heart rate variability relative to the respiratory cycle during OB is directly caused by hypopnea or apnea at this time, and heart rate variability is also breathing source.


Assuntos
Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Doença Crônica , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Polissonografia , Respiração
7.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 147-153, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672152

RESUMO

Objective: To verify that the cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) performed by clinical subjects is the maximum extreme exercise, we designed The Max test(Max)during clinical CPET. We used Max to verify the accuracy of the quantitative CPET evaluation result, and whether it is feasible and safe to use the specific value of a certain index as the standard for stopping CPET. Methods: Two hundred and sixteen cases from Fuwai Hospital were selected during June 2017 to January 2019,including 41 healthy person(control group) and 175with cardiovascular diseases(patient group),The patients had a CPET peak RER ≤ 1.10, or the peak heart rate and peak blood pressure were basically non-responsive.The Max was first attempted in 60 subjects,and this study is further expanded . When the CPET ended, they had a 5-minute break, then the Max, during which, they cycled with a velocity of ≥ 60 r/min, at a constant intensity equivalent to to 130% of peak work,until exhausted.The difference and percentage difference between the peak heart rate and the peak oxygen uptake were calculated. ①If the percentage difference of heart rate and oxygen uptake are all less than -10%,then the Max is defined as failure,otherwise it is succesful. 2 If the percentage difference is between -10%~10%, then the Max is successful, which proved that the CPET is precise.③If the difference is ≥10%, the Max is successful, which proves that the CPET is non-extreme exercise. Results: Patient group's Peak VO2(L/min,ml/(min·kg)),anaerobic threshold (L/min,ml/(min·kg),%pred),Peak VO2/HR(ml/beat, % pred),Peak RER,Peak SBP,Peak WR,peak heart rate,OUEP (ratio,%pred) were lower than those of the control group(P<0.05).The VE/ VCO2 Slope (ratio,%pred)and Lowest VE/ VCO2(ratio,%pred) were higher in the patient group than in the control group (P<0.05).No adverse events occurred during the CPET and Max in all cases. Among the 216 cases,Max was successful in 198 cases(91.7%).CPET was proved to be maximum extreme exercise for 182 cases,non-maximum extreme exercise for 16 cases,and failed in 18 cases(8.3%).Conclusion: For CPET with a low peak RER and a maximum challenge,the Max can confirm the accuracy of the objective quantitative assessment of CPET. Max is safe and feasible,and that deserved further research and clinical application.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Limiar Anaeróbio , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Consumo de Oxigênio
8.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 154-161, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672153

RESUMO

Objective: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) was used to investigate the exercise pathophysiology of mitral regurgitation. Methods: 26 patients with moderate and severe mitral regurgitation who completed standardized extreme exercise CPET under strict quality control after signing informed consent since 2016, and 11 normal subjects in the same period as the control group. The core indexes of CPET were analyzed and calculated according to the standard method and compared with normal subjects for intergroup statistical independent sample t-test. At the same time, the patients with heart failure and exercise oscillation breathing (OB) were divided into two subgroups: 11 cases without heart failure, 15 cases with heart failure, 8 cases with non-OB and 18 cases with OB, and their similarities and differences were compared between each subgroup. Results: The core indexes of CPET, such as peak oxygen uptake (85.60 ±9.06)%pred and anaerobic threshold (AT, (87.59 ±15.38)%pred) were normal. The peak oxygen uptake of CPET in patients with mitral regurgitation was (48.15 ±12.11)%pred, peak oxygen pulse was (66.57 ±12.20)%pred, AT was (56.75 ±11.50)%pred, oxygen uptake efficiency plateau was (88.24 ±16.42)%pred , lowest value of carbon dioxide ventilatory efficiency was (125.89 ±27.05)%pred and slope of carbon dioxide ventilatory efficiency was (128.31 ±31.68)%pred. Among them, only oxygen uptake efficiency plateau (OUEP) was normal and low, and the other indexes were significantly abnormal. There were significant differences between the patients and the control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the non-OB group and the OB group, but there was significant difference between the non-OB group and the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the non-heart failure group and the heart failure group, but there was significant difference between the non-heart failure group and the control group. Conclusion: All the core indexes of cardiopulmonary exercise are significantly abnormal in patients with mitral regurgitation who are significantly lower than those in normal subjects except for the low effectiveness of oxygen ventilation. And with or without heart failure and OB did not affect the cardiopulmonary function.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Exercício Físico , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Consumo de Oxigênio , Relatório de Pesquisa
9.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 177-188, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672156

RESUMO

Objective: To observe and study the resting radial artery pulse wave and changes after a single individualized exercise in patients with long-term chronic diseases. Methods: We selected 16 patients with chronic disease (disease duration ≥5 years) who have been clearly diagnosed as hypertension and/or diabetes and/or hyperlipemia, and first completed the symptom-restricted limit cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Then a single individualized exercise with Δ50% power as the exercise intensity was completed within one week after CPET. We measured and recorded 50s pulse wave data before exercise and 10 min, 20 min, 30 min after exercise, then obtained each pulse wave characteristic point: starting point (B), main wave peak point (P1), trough of a repulse point (PL), crest of a repulse point (P2), and end point (E). The raw data of the abscissa (time T) and ordinate (amplitude Y) corresponding to each point were derived from the instrument. We treated the end point E of the previous pulse wave as the start point B of the next wave, returned TB to zero, and got the main observation indicators: YB, YP1, YPL, YP2 and TP1, TPL, TP2, TE, and calculated out ΔYP1, ΔYPL, ΔYP2, TE-TPL, (TE-TPL)/TPL, pulse rate, S1, S2 ,ΔYP2-ΔYPL and TP2-TPL as secondary observation indicators. Then calculated the occurrence rate of dicrotic wave with obvious crest. Finally we analyzed individually the 50 s pulse wave data of each patient before and after exercise, and then averaged all the data for overall analysis. Results: ①16 patients with long-term chronic diseases (males 14, females 2), ages (53.7±12.6, 28~80) years old, height (171.7±6.6, 155~183) cm, body weight (80.0±13.5, 54~98) kg. 2YB (91.5±10.8, 71.1~108.6), YP1 (203.6±24.7, 162.7~236.3), YPL (127.1±6.2, 118.2~140.3), YP2 (125.9±6.2, 115.7~137.7), TP1 ( 137.2±22.3, 103.0~197.1), TPL (368.7±29.5, 316.3~434.0), TP2 (422.7±32.8, 376.9~494.7), TE (883.4±95.0, 672.2~1003.3), ΔYP1 (112.1±33.8, 60.3~ 157.5), ΔYPL (35.5±14.2, 17.5~66.2), ΔYP2 (34.4±13.3, 20.0~62.9), TE-TPL (514.6±85.4, 341.4~621.9), (TE-TPL)/TPL (1.4±0.2, 1.0~1.7), pulse rate (68.8±8.4, 59.8~89.3), S1 (0.9±0.3, 0.4~1.4), S2 (0.0±0.0, -0.1~0.0), ΔYP2-ΔYPL (-1.2±2.6,- 6.5 ~ 2.5), TP2-TPL (54.0 ± 10.8, 33.6 ~ 81.1). ③10min after exercise, YB, YPL, YP2, TPL, TE decreased, YP1 increased. ΔYPL, TE-TPL, (TE-TPL)/TPL decreased, and ΔYP1, pulse rate, S1, ΔYP2-ΔYPL, TP2 -TPL increased (all P<0.05). The change trend of pulse wave at 20min and 30min after exercise was consistent with that at 10min after exercise, but most indicators gradually recovered to the resting level before exercise from 10 min. ④The appearance rate of dicrotic wave with obvious crest in 16 patients with long-term chronic disease at rest was 28.6%, and the appearance rate of 10 min (65.7%), 20 min (77.1%), 30 min (73.7%) after exercise was significantly increased (all P< 0.01). In 6 patients, the incidence of dicrotic waves with obvious peaks after exercise was significantly increased, and it could continue until 30 minutes. In 3 patients, the incidence increased significantly 10 minutes after exercise, and began to decrease at 20 minutes. In 1 patient, the rate of appearance only started to increase 20 minutes after exercise. In 2 patients, the incidence increased 10 minutes after exercise and then decreased. In 1 patient, the rate of occurrence increased briefly 20 minutes after exercise and then decreased. The incidence of 1 patient dropped after exercise and began to rise at 20 minutes. In 2 cases, the incidence rate did not increase after exercise, and it increased slightly after 30 minutes. Conclusion: In patients with long-term chronic diseases, the radial artery pulse wave is short and the dicrotic wave is not obvious or even disappears. After a single precise power exercise, the main wave increases, the position of the dicrotic wave decreases, and the amplitude increases. The specific response should be analyzed individually.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Exercício Físico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 208-218, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672160

RESUMO

Objective: Under the guidance of the new theory of holistic integrated physiology and medicine, the effect of individualized accurate exercise program on the overall functional state was studied according to cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Methods: Li xx, female, 31 years old, has a fast heart rate since childhood (90~100 bpm), usually feel cold, especially in autumn and winter, and general health good. CPET was performed after signing the informed consent form at Fuwai Hospital in September 2019. Peak oxygen uptake, anaerobic threshold (AT), and peak cardiac output were (69~72)% pred, respectively, and the oxygen uptake ventilation efficiency and carbon dioxide exhaust ventilation efficiency were basically normal (96~100)% pred. The resting heart rate was fast, the blood pressure was low, the blood pressure response was weak during exercise, and the heart rate was mainly increased. The holistic integrated physiology medical theory pointed out that she was in weak health and heart weakness was the main manifestation. CPET was used to guide individualized precise exercise intensity titration, combine continuous beat-by-beat blood pressure, ECG, pulse and blood glucose dynamic monitoring to formulate an holisticplan of individualized quantitative exercise .Reexamine CPET after 8 weeks' strengthening management. Results: After 8 weeks of intensive holistic management, the limbs were warm and the cold symptoms disappeared. Re-examination of CPET peak oxygen uptake, AT and peak cardiac output were (90~98)% pred, which increased by (30~36)% respectively, and the holistic weak functional status was significantly improved; basically normal oxygen uptake ventilation efficiency and carbon dioxide exhaust ventilation efficiency also increased by (10~37)% respectively; resting heart rate and blood pressure basically returned to normal, and blood pressure and heart rate response during exercise were normal. Continuous ambulatory blood glucose monitoring indicated that the average blood glucose level decreased slightly and became more stable. Repeated measurement results of continuous ECG and beat-to-beat blood pressure also indicated a decrease in heart rate and an increase in blood pressure during rest, exercise and during sleep, and radial pulse wave. The amplitude of the dicrotic wave increases and becomes more pronounced. Conclusion: The new theoretical system to guide CPET to formulate an holistic plan for individualized precision exercise can safely and effectively enhance myocardial contractility, increase stroke volume, increase blood pressure, lower heart rate, stabilize and slightly lower blood glucose, and improve holistic functional status.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adulto , Glicemia , Automonitorização da Glicemia , Criança , Feminino , Estado Funcional , Humanos
11.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 219-224, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672161

RESUMO

Objective: Observe the increased anatomical dead space of the mask, summarize the law of exercise induced oscillatory breathing (EIOB) in the results of CPET's new 9 figure, and analyze its incidence and age groups that are prone to oscillatory breathing. Methods: After signed the informed consent form by guardian, 501 children from pre-school to middle-school, aged 3~14 year, performed Harbor-UCLA standard protocol CPET with strict quality control in the CPET laboratory of Liaocheng Children's Hospital since 2014. CPET data was interpreted second by second from the breath by breath collection, averaged by 10s and then display by 9 plots. We analyzed the trends, pattern, incidence and age difference for EIOB and gas leakage. Results: The incidence of EIOB was the highest in the 3 to 6-year-old group, which was 42%. The 7 to 10-year-old group was 29.4% and the 11- to 14-year-old group was 29.9%. The three groups were tested by chi-square (x2=7.512), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). 14 out of 508 children had air leakage during CPET, the incidence rate was 2.7%. Conclusion: The phenomenon of oscillatory breathing (OB) in children may be caused by the increased anatomical dead space of the mask, and it is not caused by disease. To improve the quality of CPET and to reduce clinical misdiagnosis, it is recommended to use a mouthpiece to decrease the dead space rather than the musk.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Respiração , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Humanos
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672458

RESUMO

Objective: To observe and study the resting radial artery pulse wave and the pulse wave changes after a single individualized exercise in young healthy normal subjects. Methods: We selected 16 young healthy graduate students, advanced training doctors, and visiting scholars from Fuwai Hospital without any disease diagnosis and low daily exercise. They first completed the symptom-restricted limit cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). A single individualized exercise with Δ50% power as the exercise intensity was completed within one week after CPET. We measured and recorded 50 s pulse wave data before exercise and 10 min, 20 min, 30min after exercise, let the instrument automatically fix the point and then manually recheck to obtain each pulse wave characteristic point: starting point (B), main wave peak point (P1), trough of a repulse point (PL), crest of a repulse point (P2), and end point (E), and the raw data of the abscissa (time T) and ordinate (amplitude Y) corresponding to each point were derived from the instrument. We treated the end point E of the previous pulse wave as the start point B of the next wave, returned TB to zero, and got the main observation indicators: YB, YP1, YPL, YP2 and TP1, TPL, TP2, TE, and calculated out ΔYP1 (YP1-YB), ΔYPL (YPL-YB), ΔYP2 (YP2-YB), TE-TPL, (TE-TPL)/TPL, pulse rate, S1 (the slope of main wave ascending branch), S2 (the slope of dicrotic ascending branch), ΔYP2-ΔYPL and TP2-TPL as secondary observation indicators; defined the dicrotic wave with obvious crest as YP2>YPL, and calculated the occurrence rate of dicrotic wave with obvious crest (number of waveforms with YP2>YPL in 50 s /total number of waveforms×100%). We analyzed individually the 50 s pulse wave data of each subject before and after exercise, and then averaged all the data for overall analysis. Results: ①16 healthy young subjects (males 10, females 6), age (30.6±6.4, 24~48) years old; height (170.4±8.2, 160~188) cm; body mass (63.9±12.8, 43~87) kg. ②YB (87.2±5.8, 78.1~95.9), YP1 (223.5±15.8, 192.7~242.3), YPL (122.8±7.8, 110.0~133.8), YP2 (131.4±4.9, 116.7~137.5), TP1 (126.2±42.2, 94.2~280.0), TPL (360.2±44.8, 311.5~507.3), TP2 (432.4±50.8, 376.2~589.0), TE (899.7±86.9, 728.3~1042.0). ΔYP1 (136.3±19.9, 96.8~ 158.6), ΔYPL (35.7±10.7, 16.0~55.7), ΔYP2 (44.3±8.1, 22.5~56.5), TE-TPL (539.5±79.3, 405.9~691.3), (TE-TPL)/TPL (1.5±0.3, 0.8~2.0), pulse rate (67.3±6.6, 57.6~82.4), S1 (1.1±0.2, 0.6~1.4), S2 (0.1±0.1, 0.0~0.2), ΔYP2-ΔYPL (8.6±6.1, 0.9 ~19.8), TP2-TPL (72.3±19.9, 38.3~108.4). ③10 min after exercise, YPL (97.0±13.2 vs 122.8±7.8), YP2 (109.6±12.8 vs 131.4±4.9), ΔYPL (6.6±9.8 vs 35.7±10.7), ΔYP2 (19.3±11.2 vs 44.3±8.1), TE (667.8±123.1 vs 899.7±86.9), TE-TPL (330.2±128.4 vs 539.5±79.3), (TE-TPL)/TPL (1.0±0.4 vs 1.5±0.3) decreased, while the pulse rate (92.2± 14.0 vs 67.3±6.6), ΔYP2-ΔYPL (12.7±9.7 vs 8.6±6.1), TP2-TPL (98.0±38.1 vs 72.3±19.9) increased (all P<0.05). The trend of pulse wave changes at 20 min and 30 min after exercise was consistent with that at 10 min after exercise, but from 20 min, most of the indicators gradually recovered to the resting level before exercise. ④The incidence of dicrotic waves with obvious peaks in 16 young healthy persons at rest was 94.5%, and increased at 10 min (96.3%), 20 min (98.5%), and 30 min (99.8%) after exercise (all P<0.01). Among them, the incidence of dicrotic waves with obvious peaks before and after exercise was maintained at about 100% in 10 subjects. The appearance rate of 2 cases had reached 100% before exercise, but it decreased at 10 minutes after exercise, and then continued to increase, at 30 minutes recovered to 100%. Three subjects had a low resting rate and started to increase after exercise. In 1 case, the rate was low only 20 minutes after exercise, considering the influence of human factors. Conclusion: The influence of exercise on the pulse wave of normal people is mainly reflected in the dicrotic wave. On the whole, after a single precise power exercise, the position of the dicrotic wave is reduced, the amplitude is deepened, and the appearance rate of the dicrotic wave with obvious crest is generally increased, and this change can be maintained for at least 30 minutes. From an individual point of view, the response trend of each subject is different.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Exercício Físico , Artérias , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(1): 96-103, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672469

RESUMO

Objective: Subjects used upper limb (arm dynamometer) and lower limb precision electromagnetic power meter (cycle ergometer) to perform symptom-restricted limit cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Then we analyzed the clinical value of arm ergometer CPET. Methods: The upper limb and lower limb precision electromagnetic power meters were used to complete the CPET in two different days for 6 normal people and 9 chronic patients. We analyzed CPET data, calculated related core indicators, and compared normal subjects and chronic patients to analyze the similarities and differences between upper and lower extremities and their correlations. Results: ①Compared with 9 patients with chronic diseases, there were significant differences in age ((33.2±12.7) vs (53.6±8.5) years) and diagnosis in 6 normal people. ②The Peak HR ((131.0±19.0) vs (153.0±22.0) bpm,P<0.05) of upper limb CPET of 15 subjects were lower than lower limb CPET, but the difference in blood pressure was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The Peak VT ((1.3±0.4) vs (1.8±0.4) L) and Peak VE ((51.4±21.1) vs (67.9±22.1) L/min) of lower limb CPET were significantly higher than that of upper limb (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in Peak BF When upper limb CPET was used, EX-time ((6.4±0.6) vs (8.5±1.2) min) was shorter than lower limb CPET; Peak Work Rate((73.2±19.6) vs (158.5±40.3) W/min), Peak VO2 ((1.1±0.4) vs (1.7±0.4) L/min), AT ((0.6±0.2) vs (0.9±0.2) L/min), Peak VO2/HR ((8.6±2.3) vs (10.9±2.6) ml/beat), OUEP (34.7±4.3 vs 39.8±5.3)were lower, and the Lowest VE/VCO2(32.6±3.8 vs 28.7±4.9), VE/VCO2 Slope (33.9±4.3 vs 28.3±6.2)were higher than those of lower limb CPET (all P<0.05). The comparison results of the two subgroups of normal and chronic patients were the same as the holistic comparison results. ③EX-time, Peak HR, Peak BF, Peak VT and Peak VE of upper limb CPET had good correlation with the results of lower limb CPET. Besides, the measured value and percentage of the projected value of Peak Work Rate, the measured value, kilogram weight value of Peak VO2 and AT, and percentage of the projected value of Peak VO2, the measured value of Peak VO2/HR also had good correlation. The measured value of OUEP, the measured value and percentage of the projected value of Lowest VE/VCO2 and VE/VCO2 Slope were also the same, when the other indicators had no significant correlation. Conclusion: As a supplement to lower limb CPET, upper limb CPET is highly feasible and safe for holistic functional status assessment. It provides an important supplement to guide the implementation of the holistic plan of individualized precision exercise, which is worthy of our further exploration.


Assuntos
Braço , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Fenômenos Eletromagnéticos , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio
14.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of new causative and risk genes for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been identified mostly in patients of European ancestry. In contrast, we know relatively little regarding the genetics of ALS in other ethnic populations. This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the genetics of ALS in an unprecedented large cohort of Chinese mainland population and correlate with the clinical features of rare variants carriers. METHODS: A total of 1587 patients, including 64 familial ALS (FALS) and 1523 sporadic ALS (SALS), and 1866 in-house controls were analysed by whole-exome sequencing and/or testing for G4C2 repeats in C9orf72. Forty-one ALS-associated genes were analysed. FINDINGS: 155 patients, including 26 (40.6%) FALS and 129 (8.5%) SALS, carrying rare pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants of ALS causative genes were identified. SOD1 was the most common mutated gene, followed by C9orf72, FUS, NEK1, TARDBP and TBK1. By burden analysis, rare variants in SOD1, FUS and TARDBP contributed to the collective risk for ALS (p<2.5e-6) at the gene level, but at the allelic level TARDBP p.Gly294Val and FUS p.Arg521Cys and p.Arg521His were the most important single variants causing ALS. Clinically, P/LP variants in TARDBP and C9orf72 were associated with poor prognosis, in FUS linked with younger age of onset, and C9orf72 repeats tended to affect cognition. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide essential information for understanding the genetic and clinical features of ALS in China and for optimal design of genetic testing and evaluation of disease prognosis.

15.
Fitoterapia ; 154: 105025, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464668

RESUMO

An investigation on the extract from the plant Trichilia sinensis Bentv. led to the isolation of 13 new limonoids (1-13), in which two were of khayalactone skeleton and 11 were phragmalin-type limonoids, and eight known phragmalin-type limonoids (14-21). Their structures were elucidated by using spectroscopic techniques and HRESIMS experiment. Compounds 6 and 17 displayed potent protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 1.2 ± 0.1 and 8.1 ± 0.5 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Limoninas/farmacologia , Meliaceae/química , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , China , Limoninas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química
16.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296381

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The present study combined resting-state functional connectivity (FC) and Granger causality analysis (GCA) to explore frontostriatal network dysfunction in unilateral acute tinnitus (AT) patients with hearing loss. METHODS: The participants included 42 AT patients and 43 healthy control (HC) subjects who underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans. Based on the seed regions in the frontostriatal network, FC and GCA were conducted between the AT patients and HC subjects. Correlation analyses were used to examine correlations among altered FC values, GCA values, and clinical features in AT patients. RESULTS: Compared with HCs, AT patients showed a general reduction in FC between the seed regions in the frontostriatal network and nonauditory areas, including the frontal cortices, midcingulate cortex (MCC), supramarginal gyrus, and postcentral gyrus (PoCG). Using the GCA algorithm, we detected abnormal effective connectivity (EC) in the inferior occipital gyrus, MCC, Cerebelum_Crus1, and PoCG. Furthermore, correlations between disrupted FC/EC and clinical characteristics, especially tinnitus distress-related characteristics, were found in AT patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our work demonstrated abnormal FC and EC between the frontostriatal network and several nonauditory regions in AT patients with hearing loss, suggesting that multiple large-scale network dysfunctions and interactions are involved in the perception of tinnitus. These findings not only enhance the current understanding of the frontostriatal network in tinnitus but also serve as a reminder of the importance of focusing on tinnitus at an early stage.

17.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2021 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the value and feasibility of combining fractional anisotropy (FA) values from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and total kidney volume (TKV) for the assessment of kidney function in chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients were included in this study. All MRI examinations were performed with a 3.0 T scanner. DTI was used to measure FA values, and TKV was obtained from DTI and T2-weighted imaging (T2WI). Patients were divided into three groups (mild, moderate, severe) according to eGFR, which was calculated with serum creatinine. Differences in the FA values of the cortex and medulla were analysed among the three groups, and the relationships of FA values, TKV, and the product of the FA values and TKV with eGFR were analysed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to compare the diagnostic efficiency of the FA values, TKV, and the product of the FA values and TKV for kidney function in different CKD stages. RESULTS: Medullary FA values (m-FA), TKV, and the product of the m-FA values and TKV (m-FA-TKV) were significantly correlated with eGFR (r = 0.653, 0.685, and 0.797, respectively; all P < 0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that m-FA-TKV exhibited better diagnostic performance than m-FA values (P = 0.022). CONCLUSION: m-FA-TKV obtained by DTI significantly improves the accuracy of kidney function assessment in CKD patients.

18.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 15(5): 2464-2471, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479923

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore associations between brain activity in the auditory cortex and clinical and psychiatric characteristics in patients with migraine without aura (MwoA) during interictal periods. Resting-state data were acquired from patients with episodic MwoA (n = 34) and healthy controls (n = 30). Independent component analysis was used to extract and calculate the resting-state auditory network. Subsequently, we analyzed the correlations between spontaneous activity in the auditory cortex and clinical and psychiatric features in interictal MwoA. Compared with healthy controls, patients with MwoA showed increased activity in the left superior temporal gyrus (STG), postcentral gyrus (PoCG) and insula. Brain activity in the left STG was positively correlated with anxiety scores, and activity in the left PoCG was negatively correlated with anxiety and depression scores. No significant differences were found in intracranial volume between the two groups. This study indicated that functional impairment and altered integration linked to the auditory cortex existed in patients with MwoA in the interictal period, suggesting that auditory-associated cortex disruption as a biomarker may be implemented for the early diagnosis and prediction of neuropsychiatric impairment in interictal MwoA patients.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Enxaqueca sem Aura , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Cerebral , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Enxaqueca sem Aura/diagnóstico por imagem , Enxaqueca sem Aura/epidemiologia
19.
Eur Radiol ; 31(6): 3815-3825, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) model for the automatic detection and classification of rib fractures in actual clinical practice based on cross-modal data (clinical information and CT images). MATERIALS: In this retrospective study, CT images and clinical information (age, sex and medical history) from 1020 participants were collected and divided into a single-centre training set (n = 760; age: 55.8 ± 13.4 years; men: 500), a single-centre testing set (n = 134; age: 53.1 ± 14.3 years; men: 90), and two independent multicentre testing sets from two different hospitals (n = 62, age: 57.97 ± 11.88, men: 41; n = 64, age: 57.40 ± 13.36, men: 35). A Faster Region-based CNN (Faster R-CNN) model was applied to integrate CT images and clinical information. Then, a result merging technique was used to convert 2D inferences into 3D lesion results. The diagnostic performance was assessed on the basis of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, free-response ROC (fROC) curve, precision, recall (sensitivity), F1-score, and diagnosis time. The classification performance was evaluated in terms of the area under the ROC curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity. RESULTS: The CNN model showed improved performance on fresh, healing, and old fractures and yielded good classification performance for all three categories when both clinical information and CT images were used compared to the use of CT images alone. Compared with experienced radiologists, the CNN model achieved higher sensitivity (mean sensitivity: 0.95 > 0.77, 0.89 > 0.61 and 0.80 > 0.55), comparable precision (mean precision: 0.91 > 0.87, 0.84 > 0.77, and 0.95 > 0.70), and a shorter diagnosis time (average reduction of 126.15 s). CONCLUSIONS: A CNN model combining CT images and clinical information can automatically detect and classify rib fractures with good performance and feasibility in actual clinical practice. KEY POINTS: • The developed convolutional neural network (CNN) performed better in fresh, healing, and old fractures and yielded a good classification performance in three categories, if both (clinical information and CT images) were used compared to CT images alone. • The CNN model had a higher sensitivity and matched precision in three categories than experienced radiologists with a shorter diagnosis time in actual clinical practice.


Assuntos
Fraturas das Costelas , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redes Neurais de Computação , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas das Costelas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 10(12): 2323-2338, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33354504

RESUMO

Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a ubiquitous and widespread human pathogen, which gives rise to a range of diseases, including cold sores, corneal blindness, and encephalitis. Currently, the use of nucleoside analogs, such as acyclovir and penciclovir, in treating HSV-1 infection often presents limitation due to their side effects and low efficacy for drug-resistance strains. Therefore, new anti-herpetic drugs and strategies should be urgently developed. Here, we reported that baicalein, a naturally derived compound widely used in Asian countries, strongly inhibited HSV-1 replication in several models. Baicalein was effective against the replication of both HSV-1/F and HSV-1/Blue (an acyclovir-resistant strain) in vitro. In the ocular inoculation mice model, baicalein markedly reduced in vivo HSV-1/F replication, receded inflammatory storm and attenuated histological changes in the cornea. Consistently, baicalein was found to reduce the mortality of mice, viral loads both in nose and trigeminal ganglia in HSV-1 intranasal infection model. Moreover, an ex vivo HSV-1-EGFP infection model established in isolated murine epidermal sheets confirmed that baicalein suppressed HSV-1 replication. Further investigations unraveled that dual mechanisms, inactivating viral particles and inhibiting IκB kinase beta (IKK-ß) phosphorylation, were involved in the anti-HSV-1 effect of baicalein. Collectively, our findings identified baicalein as a promising therapy candidate against the infection of HSV-1, especially acyclovir-resistant strain.

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