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1.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825032

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a radiomics signature based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from multicenter datasets for preoperative prediction of pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with osteosarcoma. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 102 patients with histologically confirmed osteosarcoma who received chemotherapy before treatment from 4 hospitals (68 in the primary cohort and 34 in the external validation cohort). Quantitative imaging features were extracted from contrast-enhanced fat-suppressed T1-weighted images (CE FS T1WI). Four classification methods, i.e., the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic regression (LASSO-LR), support vector machine (SVM), Gaussian process (GP), and Naive Bayes (NB) algorithm, were compared for feature selection and radiomics signature construction. The predictive performance of the radiomics signatures was assessed with the area under receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC), calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: Thirteen radiomics features selected based on the LASSO-LR classifier were adopted to construct the radiomics signature, which was significantly associated with the pathologic response. The prediction model achieved the best performance between good and poor responders with an AUC of 0.882 (95% CI, 0.837-0.918) in the primary cohort. Calibration curves showed good agreement. Similarly, findings were validated in the external validation cohort with good performance (AUC, 0.842 [95% CI, 0.793-0.883]) and good calibration. DCA analysis confirmed the clinical utility of the selected radiomics signature. CONCLUSION: The constructed CE FS T1WI-radiomics signature with excellent performance could provide a potential tool to predict pathologic response to NAC in patients with osteosarcoma. KEY POINTS: • The radiomics signature based on multicenter contrast-enhanced MRI was useful to predict response to NAC. • The prediction model obtained with the LASSO-LR classifier achieved the best performance. • The baseline clinical characteristics were not associated with response to NAC.

2.
Environ Pollut ; 277: 116750, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676338

RESUMO

We used real-world exposure scenarios to evaluate the effect of six ambient air pollutant (PM2.5, PM10, NO2, SO2, CO, and O3) exposure on renal function among older adults without chronic kidney disease (CKD). We recruited 169 older adults without CKD in Beijing, China, for a longitudinal study from 2016 to 2018. The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) and the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (EPI) equations were employed to derive the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). A linear mixed-effects model with random intercepts for participants was employed to determine the effects of air pollutants on renal function evaluated on the basis of eGFR and urinary albumin/creatinine ratio at different exposure windows (1-, 2-, 3-, 5-, 7-, 14-, 28-, 45-, and 60-days moving averages). An interquartile range (IQR) increase in NO2 for was associated with significant decreases of in eGFR (MDRD equation) [percentage changes: -4.49 (95% confidence interval: -8.44, -0.37), -5.51 (-10.43, -0.33), -2.26 (-4.38, -0.08), -3.71 (-6.67, -0.65), -5.44 (-9.58, -1.11), -5.50 (-10.24, -0.51), -6.15 (-10.73, -1.33), and -6.34 (-11.17, -1.25) for 1-, 2-, 5-, 7-, 14-, 28-, 45-, and 60-days moving averages, respectively] and in eGFR (EPI equation) [percentage changes: -5.04 (-7.09, -2.94), -6.25 (-8.81, -3.62), -5.16 (-7.34, -2.92), -5.10 (-7.85, -2.28), -5.83 (-8.23, -3.36), -6.04 (-8.55, -3.47) for 1-, 2-, 14-, 28-, 45-, and 60-days moving averages, respectively]. In two-pollutant model, only the association of NO2 exposure with eGFR remained robust after adjustment for any other pollutant. This association was stronger for individuals with hypertension for the EPI equation or BMI <25 kg/m2 for the MDRD equation at lags 1 and 1-2. Our findings suggest that NO2 exposure is associated with eGFR reduction among older adults without CKD for short (1-, 2-days) and medium (14-, 28-, 45-, 60-days) term exposure periods; thus, NO2 exposure may contribute to renal impairment.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5710, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33707521

RESUMO

The prognosis for high-grade glioma (HGG) remains dismal and the extent of resection correlates with overall survival and progression free disease. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a biomarker heterogeneously expressed in HGG. We assessed the feasibility of detecting HGG using near-infrared fluorescent antibody targeting EGFR. Mice bearing orthotopic HGG xenografts with modest EGFR expression were imaged in vivo after systemic panitumumab-IRDye800 injection to assess its tumor-specific uptake macroscopically over 14 days, and microscopically ex vivo. EGFR immunohistochemical staining of 59 tumor specimens from 35 HGG patients was scored by pathologists and expression levels were compared to that of mouse xenografts. Intratumoral distribution of panitumumab-IRDye800 correlated with near-infrared fluorescence and EGFR expression. Fluorescence distinguished tumor cells with 90% specificity and 82.5% sensitivity. Target-to-background ratios peaked at 14 h post panitumumab-IRDye800 infusion, reaching 19.5 in vivo and 7.6 ex vivo, respectively. Equivalent or higher EGFR protein expression compared to the mouse xenografts was present in 77.1% HGG patients. Age, combined with IDH-wildtype cerebral tumor, was predictive of greater EGFR protein expression in human tumors. Tumor specific uptake of panitumumab-IRDye800 provided remarkable contrast and a flexible imaging window for fluorescence-guided identification of HGGs despite modest EGFR expression.

4.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706296

RESUMO

Hybrid supercapacitors have attracted considerable attention for the use in the energy storage systems due to the simultaneous possession of high power and energy. Herein, Co3O4 array with amorphous carbon on Ni foam has been derived from the Co-MOF. The electrochemical dynamics and energy storage mechanism of the prepared electrode have been investigated, which reveal the enhancement of the capacitive behavior with the scan rate. The electrochemically active specific surface area (ECSA) of our sample is calculated as 1416 cm2 for per square centimeter of electrode. The prepared material exhibits an excellent electrochemical performance (3.17 F·cm-2 at 1 mA·cm-2 and 2.076 F·cm-2 at 30 mA·cm-2). Further, the long-term life shows 96.7% capacitance retention at 50 mV·s-1 after 20,000 cycles in KOH aqueous electrolyte. The coulomb efficiency is noted to range from 95% to 100% even after 20,000 cycles. Further, the symmetrical solid-state supercapacitor represents a wide operating voltage range and high scan rate for practical applications. Three charged solid-state supercapacitors are observed to lit 160 parallel green LEDs (20 mA, 2.2V) for approximately 50 s. These findings from this study confirm the potential of Co3O4 array with carbon hybridization as an effective supercapacitor electrode material.

5.
Future Oncol ; 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728938

RESUMO

Aim: The mechanistic role of inhibitor of DNA binding or differentiation (ID) family in ovarian cancer (OC) has remained unclear. Materials & methods: We used the Oncomine, GEPIA, Kaplan-Meier Plotter, cBioPortal, SurvExpress, PROGgene V2, TIMER, and FunRich to evaluate the prognostic value of IDs in patients with OC. Results: the mRNA transcripts of all IDs were markedly downregulated in OC compared with normal tissue. The prognostic value of IDs was also explored within the subtypes, pathological stages, clinical stages and TP53 mutational status. The group with low-risk IDs showed relatively good overall survival (OS) compared with the high-risk group. Conclusion: ID1/3/4 may be exploited as promising prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets in OC patients.

6.
Waste Manag ; 125: 172-181, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689991

RESUMO

Anaerobic digestion is promising for waste activated sludge (WAS) degradation. However, conventional processes were generally stuck with limited hydrolysis and poor pathogen destruction. Hyperthermophilic digestion at 70 °C has drawn attention in overcoming those issues at a relatively low energy requirement and operating difficulties. In order to illuminate its operation characteristics, a single-stage hyperthermophilic digester was controlled at 70 °C and operated continuously to degrade WAS. 88.7 mL/g VSadded of methane yield could be achieved in the hyperthermophilic system, fourfold higher than that in the mesophilic system. Kinetic analysis revealed that hyperthermophilic digestion was advantageous in converting the non-degradable fraction. Consequently, hydrolysis under the hyperthermophilic condition was able to be significantly improved. Above 10 d was necessary for the hyperthermophilic system to gain such a high methane production. In the case of stability, the organic loading of higher than 10.2 g VS/L/d resulted in increasing limitation from methanogenesis and accumulation of propionic, butyric and valeric acids. In addition to the dominant acetoclastic genus Methanothrix for methane production in the hyperthermophilic system, two hydrogenotrophic methanogens Methanospirillum and Methanothermobacter reached 18.84% and 8.31%, respectively. The genus Coprothermobacter, affiliated with the phylum Firmicutes, made more contribution to protein hydrolysis in the hyperthermophilic digester.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Cinética , Metano
7.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749240

RESUMO

The combination of photothermal therapy (PTT) and gene therapy (GT) shows great potential to achieve synergistic anti-tumor activity. However, the lack of a controlled release of genes from carriers remains a severe hindrance. Herein, peptide lipid (PL) and sucrose laurate (SL) were used to coat single-walled carbon nanotubes (SCNTs) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MCNTs) to form bifunctional delivery systems (denoted SCNT-PS and MCNT-PS, respectively) with excellent temperature-sensitivity and photothermal performance. CNT/siRNA suppressed tumor growth by silencing survivin expression while exhibiting photothermal effects under near-infrared (NIR) light. SCNT-PS/siRNA showed very high anti-tumor activity, resulting in the complete inhibition of some tumors. It was highly efficient for systemic delivery to tumor sites and to facilitate siRNA release owing to the phase transition of the temperature-sensitive lipids, due to PL and SL coating. Thus, SCNT-PS/siRNA is a promising anti-tumor nanocarrier for combined PTT and GT.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 773: 145581, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582346

RESUMO

The upper elevational range limit of tree species (including treeline and non-treeline species) is generally considered to result from either carbon limitation or sink limitation. Some evidence also suggests that tree line might reflect preferential carbon allocation to NSC storage at the expense of growth. How might the importance of these potential mechanisms be determined? We used an elevational gradient to examine light-saturated photosynthesis (Asat) and NSC concentrations in plant tissues of three different functional types of tree species. We also examined the effects of consecutive 4 years of in situ defoliation on growth and NSCs at the upper elevational range limit. Declining temperature with increasing elevation did not reduce Asat in any of the species. We found NSC increased with elevation in major storage tissues (e.g., roots and twigs) but not in leaves. The defoliation showed that C storage took priority over growth. Such preferential carbon allocation, directly caused by growth decline, always existed in the deciduous tree species. In the evergreen tree species, however, growth decline resulted from preferential carbon allocation to storage was only detected in 2017 and then disappeared as the intensity of defoliation increased. Our results showed that trees prioritized sustaining stores of C more highly than allocation of growth, regardless of the trees' C or sink limitations. At the cold range limits, the prioritized carbon allocation to storage in deciduous tree species was in response to low temperature stress, while in evergreen tree species, the prioritization of carbon allocation was only a transient physiological response to defoliation disturbances.


Assuntos
Carbono , Árvores , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta , Temperatura
9.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928022, 2021 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of the 3D-printed artificial vertebral body vs the titanium mesh cage in repairing bone defects for single-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 51 consecutive patients who underwent single-level ACCF in Huai'an Second People's Hospital from July 2017 to August 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. According to the implant materials used, patients were divided into a 3D-printed artificial vertebral body group (3D-printed group) (n=20; 12 males, 8 females) and a titanium mesh cage group (TMC group) (n=31; 15 males, 16 females). General data, radiological parameters, and clinical outcomes were recorded. RESULTS The rate of subsidence in the 3D-printed group (0.01, 2/20) was lower than in the TMC group (0.29, 9/31) (P<0.05). HAE and HPE of the patients in the 3D-printed group were significantly higher than those in the TMC group (P<0.05). C2-C7 Cobb angle and SA of the patients in the 3D-printed group were significantly larger than those in the TMC group (P<0.05). All patients in the 2 groups showed significant improvement in VAS, JOA, and NDI scores at 3 months and 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSIONS 3D-printed artificial vertebral body helps maintain intervertebral height and cervical physiological curvature and is a good candidate for ACCF.

10.
Int J Mol Med ; 47(3): 1, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537823

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a musculoskeletal malignancy that originates from interstitial cells. An increasing number of studies have verified that long non­coding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in the progression of numerous types of cancer. It has been reported that LINC00467 is a cancer­promoting gene in some types of cancer; however, the regulatory mechanism of LINC00467 in OS remains unknown. In the present study, reverse transcription-quantitative PCR was used to determine LINC00467 expression in OS tissues and cells. Additionally, the impact of LINC00467­knockdown on OS cell proliferation, migration and invasion was analyzed using Cell Counting Kit­8, colony formation and Transwell assays, as well as western blot analysis. RNA pulldown and luciferase reporter assays were conducted to investigate the regulatory mechanism of LINC00467 in OS. The results delineated that LINC00467 expression was elevated in OS tissues and cells, and that high LINC00467 expression was associated with a poor prognosis in patients with OS. LINC00467 inhibition suppressed OS progression by inhibiting cell proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial­mesenchymal transition. LINC00467 served as a molecular sponge for microRNA (miR)­217, while karyopherin subunit α4 (KPNA4) was a downstream target gene of miR­217. Moreover, the overexpression of KPNA4 reversed the inhibitory effects of LINC00467 inhibition on OS progression. Therefore, the present study elucidated the potential mechanism of LINC00467 in OS and indicated that LINC00467 exerted its carcinogenic effects on OS through the miR­217/KPNA4 axis, implying that LINC00467 may be a novel potential therapeutic target for OS.

11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(7)2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531347

RESUMO

Cell-cell adhesions are often subjected to mechanical strains of different rates and magnitudes in normal tissue function. However, the rate-dependent mechanical behavior of individual cell-cell adhesions has not been fully characterized due to the lack of proper experimental techniques and therefore remains elusive. This is particularly true under large strain conditions, which may potentially lead to cell-cell adhesion dissociation and ultimately tissue fracture. In this study, we designed and fabricated a single-cell adhesion micro tensile tester (SCAµTT) using two-photon polymerization and performed displacement-controlled tensile tests of individual pairs of adherent epithelial cells with a mature cell-cell adhesion. Straining the cytoskeleton-cell adhesion complex system reveals a passive shear-thinning viscoelastic behavior and a rate-dependent active stress-relaxation mechanism mediated by cytoskeleton growth. Under low strain rates, stress relaxation mediated by the cytoskeleton can effectively relax junctional stress buildup and prevent adhesion bond rupture. Cadherin bond dissociation also exhibits rate-dependent strengthening, in which increased strain rate results in elevated stress levels at which cadherin bonds fail. This bond dissociation becomes a synchronized catastrophic event that leads to junction fracture at high strain rates. Even at high strain rates, a single cell-cell junction displays a remarkable tensile strength to sustain a strain as much as 200% before complete junction rupture. Collectively, the platform and the biophysical understandings in this study are expected to build a foundation for the mechanistic investigation of the adaptive viscoelasticity of the cell-cell junction.

12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 185, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to investigate whether pelvic incidence (PI) will affect the occurrence of PJK in Lenke 5 AIS patients after correction surgery and try to explore a better surgical scheme based on PI. METHODS: Lenke 5C AIS patients that underwent correction surgery with a minimum of a 2-year follow-up were identified. Demographic and radiographic data were collected preoperatively, postoperatively, and at the final follow-up. The comparison between the PJK and the Non-PJK group was conducted and the subgroup analysis was performed based on the preoperative value of PI to investigate the potential mechanism of PJK. Clinical assessments were performed using the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean preoperative Cobb angle of the TL/L curve was 53.4°±8.6. At the final follow-up, the mean TL/L Cobb angle was drastically decreased to 7.3°±6.8 (P < 0.001). The incidence of PJK in Lenke 5 AIS was 18.6 %, 21.9 % (7/32) in the low PI group (PI < 45°) and 15.8 % (6/38) in the high PI group (PI ≥ 45°), and there was no statistical difference between the two groups (χ2 = 0.425, P = 0.514). For low PI patients, there is no significant difference where the UIV is located with regards to the TK apex between the PJK and Non-PJK subgroups (χ2 = 1.103, P = 0.401). For high PI patients, PJK was more likely to occur when UIV was cephalad to than caudal to the TK apex (31.25 % vs. 4.7 %, P = 0.038). There was no significant difference in the selection of LIV between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: There is no difference in the incidence of PJK between the Lenke 5 AIS patients with low PI (< 45°) and high PI (≥45°), but the main risk factor of PJK should be different. For patients with low PI, overcorrection of LL should be strictly avoided during surgery. For patients with high PI, the selection of UIV should not be at or cephalad to the apex of thoracic kyphosis to retain more mobile thoracic segments.

13.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570727

RESUMO

Using diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) to evaluate the brain changes, the therapeutic effect and mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine in rats with dementia induced by lipopolysaccharide. Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group and five groups pretreated with sham operation, lipopolysaccharide(150ug) and three doses of tetramethylpyrazine(5, 10, and 20 mg/mL respectively). The Morris water maze test was used to evaluate cognitive ability. DKI and histology were performed. Low-dose of tetramethylpyrazine pretreated rats showed lower escape latency(6th day: 15.92seconds(s) vs. 5.11 s, P = 0.001), spent more time in the target quadrant(15.67 s vs. 29.83 s, P = 0.009) and crossed the platform area more frequently(3.50 vs. 9.17, P = 0.001) than rats in the LPS-treated group. Compared to sham group, the fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusion (Da), mean kurtosis (MK), and axial kurtosis (Ka) values in the cortex of lipopolysaccharide group were lower (P = 0.021,0.003,0.003,0.001,respectively).The MK, Ka, Kr, and FA values in the hippocampus of the lipopolysaccharide group were higher (P = 0.01, 0.026,0.007,0.003,respectively),while MD and Da values were lower (P = 0.045,0.044, respectively). Tetramethylpyrazine-pretreated rats showed higher values of FA, MD, Da, MK, and Ka in the cortex, lower MK, Ka, Kr, and FA values and higher MD,Da values in the hippocampus than the lipopolysaccharide group. Histologically, prominent inflammatory cells infiltration in the brain parenchyma of lipopolysaccharide group were observed, while groups pretreated using tetramethylpyrazine were alleviated. Tetramethylpyrazine can improve cognitive dysfunction induced by lipopolysaccharide. DKI can sensitively detect microstructure integrity of brain parenchyma in a non-invasive manner.

14.
J Food Sci ; 86(3): 1132-1143, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33598948

RESUMO

As a persistent organic pollutant, pentachlorophenol (PCP) has serious impacts on human health. However, its presence in animal source food products sold in the Guangdong Province (GD) of China, and the resultant dietary exposure have not been elucidated. To address this gap, 3,100 samples from seven food categories, including beef, pork, mutton, offals, broilers, hen eggs, and farmed freshwater fish, marketed throughout four geographical regions of GD, were collected from 2015 to 2018. Gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry was employed to detect PCP levels in these food matrices. PCP was found in all food categories, but the average contamination levels were low, ranging from 0.40 µg/kg wet weight (ww) (hen eggs) to 5.85 µg/kg ww (offals). However, higher concentrations of PCP were detected (P < 0.05) in animal source food from the North region. Additionally, a temporal declining trend was observed in this four-year consecutive survey. The estimated human dietary exposure of PCP to population groups, including the general population and subgroups (male and female, children, and adults), was found to be far below the permissible daily intake (3 µg/kg body weight). Therefore, the health impacts of PCP should be correspondingly low for local residents, based on current toxicological knowledge. Regional exposure patterns varied due to different extents of contamination in the four areas, and pork, broilers, and freshwater fish were the major sources of dietary PCP exposure. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: As a persistent organic pollutant, pentachlorophenol (PCP) has serious impacts on human health. However, its presence in animal source food products sold in Guangdong Province of China, and the resultant dietary exposure have not been elucidated. In this study, we conducted an in-depth investigation on the occurrence of PCP in major foodstuff categories, including beef, pork, mutton, broilers, offals, hen eggs, and farmed freshwater fish, marketed in all 21 prefecture-level divisions of Guangdong Province, in order to provide integral insights for regulatory authorities.

15.
Pharmacol Res Perspect ; 9(1): e00718, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508175

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) is one of the most important drugs metabolizing enzymes and accounts for the metabolism of about 13%-17% of clinical drugs. Like other members in CYP2 family, CYP2C9 gene exhibits great genetic polymorphism among different races and individuals. CYP2C9*18 is one CYP2C9 allelic variant identified in a Southeast Asian population and is estimated to cause the amino acid substitutions of I359L and D397A in CYP2C9 enzyme simultaneously. Limited by the low expression level in bacteria and COS-7 cells, no valuable enzyme kinetics have been reported on this CYP2C9 variant. In this study, the baculovirus-based system was used for the high expression of recombinant CYP2C9 s in insect cells. As a result, together with I359L substitution, D397A could significantly decrease the protein expression of CYP2C9.18 in insect cells, although substitution of D397A alone had no effect on the expression of CYP2C9 in vitro. As compared with that of wild-type enzyme, both CYP2C9.18 variant and D397A variant could decrease more than 80% of the catalytic activity of CYP2C9 enzyme toward three probe substrates, suggesting that caution should be exercised when patients carrying CYP2C9*18 taking medicines metabolized by CYP2C9 enzyme with a narrow therapeutic window.

16.
Neuroreport ; 32(2): 99-104, 2021 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395187

RESUMO

Sleep disorders and multiple sensory impairments have been noticed as the potential first sign of neurodegenerative diseases such as the Parkinson disease. The relationship between sleep quality and the sensory neural basis would help us consider their combination in early diagnosis. In the present study, 32 out of 45 healthy subjects' resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data survived from motion correction and entered into the connectivity analysis. We found that the connectivity between two regions of interest (the left olfactory gyrus and the left superior temporal pole) and the regional homogeneity in the left middle temporal gyrus were negatively correlated with their Pittsburgh sleep quality index. These results suggest that these sensory-related brain regions are related to sleep quality and they may together predict the diseases.

17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 7413605, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506033

RESUMO

Inflammation is an important biological process for eliciting immune responses against physiological and pathological stimuli. Inflammation must be efficiently regulated to ensure homeostasis in the body. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling is crucial for inflammatory and immune responses. Aberrant activation of NF-κB signaling leads to development of numerous human diseases. In this study, we investigated the function of chromosome 7 open reading frame 41 (C7ORF41) in NF-κB signaling during inflammation. C7ORF41 was upregulated in cells stimulated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha or lipopolysaccharide. Moreover, overexpression of C7ORF41 inhibited the activation of NF-κB and decreased the expression of its downstream target genes. Notably, small hairpin RNA-mediated depletion of C7ORF41 increased the levels of downstream genes and enabled the activation of NF-κB. In conclusion, C7ORF41 negatively regulated inflammation via NF-κB signaling and p65 phosphorylation in vitro. These findings may help to diagnose and prognosticate inflammatory conditions and may help develop new strategies for the management of inflammation-related diseases.

18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(3)2021 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33498800

RESUMO

In many medical image classification tasks, there is insufficient image data for deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to overcome the over-fitting problem. The light-weighted CNNs are easy to train but they usually have relatively poor classification performance. To improve the classification ability of light-weighted CNN models, we have proposed a novel batch similarity-based triplet loss to guide the CNNs to learn the weights. The proposed loss utilizes the similarity among multiple samples in the input batches to evaluate the distribution of training data. Reducing the proposed loss can increase the similarity among images of the same category and reduce the similarity among images of different categories. Besides this, it can be easily assembled into regular CNNs. To appreciate the performance of the proposed loss, some experiments have been done on chest X-ray images and skin rash images to compare it with several losses based on such popular light-weighted CNN models as EfficientNet, MobileNet, ShuffleNet and PeleeNet. The results demonstrate the applicability and effectiveness of our method in terms of classification accuracy, sensitivity and specificity.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico por Imagem , Redes Neurais de Computação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
Eur J Radiol ; 136: 109528, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450660

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate a deep learning model to assist radiologists in classifying lower extremity arteries based on the degree of arterial stenosis caused by plaque in lower extremity computed tomography angiography (CTA) of patients with peripheral artery disease. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 265 patients who underwent lower-extremity CTA between January 1, 2016 and October 31, 2019 were selected. A total of 17050 axial images of iliac, femoropopliteal and infrapopliteal artery from these patients were used for the training and validation of the parallel efficient network (p-EffNet), a kind of supervised convolutional neural network, to classify the lower-extremity artery segments according to the degree of stenosis with digital subtraction angiography as reference standard. The classification results of the p-EffNet were then compared with those obtained from radiologists. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the performance of the p-EffNet and accuracy, specificity, sensitivity and area under the curve (AUC) were used as measure metrics to compare the performance of the p-EffNet and that of radiologists. RESULTS: The p-EffNet exhibited a good performance of 91.5 % accuracy, 0.987 AUC and 90.2 % sensitivity and 97.7 % specificity in classifying above-knee artery and 90.9 % accuracy, 0.981 AUC, 91.3 % sensitivity and 95.2 % specificity in classifying below-knee artery. When compared with human readers, for both above-knee and below-knee artery, the p-EffNet had comparable accuracy (p = 0.266 and p = 0.808, respectively) and specificity (p = 0.118 and p = 0.971, respectively) but lower sensitivity (p < 0.001 and p = 0.022, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The p-EffNet demonstrates promising diagnostic performance and has the potential to reduce the workload of radiologists and help to find the plaques that might otherwise have been missed or misjudged.

20.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maize is one of the most important food crops in the world. Many different varieties of maize seeds are similar in size and appearance, so distinguishing the varieties of maize seed is a significant research topic. This study used hyperspectral image processing coupled with convolutional neural network (CNN) and a subregional voting method to recognize different varieties of maize seed. RESULTS: First, visible and near-infrared (NIR-visible) hyperspectral images were obtained. Savitzky-Golay (SG) smoothing and first derivative (FD) were used to pretreat the raw spectra and highlight the spectral differences of samples of different varieties. Second, the region of interest (ROI) of each sample was divided into several subregions according to the shape and the number of pixels. Then, a method was proposed for reshaping the images of pixel spectra for the CNN and the training model was established. Finally, using subregional voting, one prediction result was generated from the prediction results of several original subregions in one sample. The results showed that, for six varieties of normal maize seeds, the tests identified embryoid and non-embryoid forms with 93.33% and 95.56% accuracy, respectively. For six varieties of sweet maize seeds, the test accuracy in embryoid and non-embryoid forms was 97.78% and 98.15%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The maize seed was identified accurately. The present study demonstrated that the CNN model for spectral image coupled with subregional voting represents a new approach for the identification of varieties of maize seed. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

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