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1.
Analyst ; 146(23): 7087-7103, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775502

RESUMO

The hybridization chain reaction is a very popular isothermal nucleic acid amplification technology. A single-stranded DNA initiator triggers an alternate hybridization event between two hairpins forming a double helix polymer. Due to isothermal, enzyme-free and high amplification efficiency characteristics, the HCR is often used as a signal amplification technology for various biosensing and biomedicine fields. However, as an enzyme-free self-assembly reaction, it has some inevitable shortcomings of relatively slow kinetics, low cell internalization efficiency, weak biostability of DNA probes and uncontrollable reaction in these applications. More and more researchers use this reaction system to synthesize new materials. New materials can avoid these problems skillfully by virtue of their inherent biological characteristics, molecular recognition ability, sequence programmability and biocompatibility. Here, we summarized the traditional application of the HCR in biosensing and biomedicine in recent years, and also introduced its new application in the synthesis of new materials for biosensing and biomedicine. Finally, we summarized the development and challenges of the HCR in biosensing and biomedicine in recent years. We hope to give readers some enlightenment and help.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA/genética , Sondas de DNA , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
2.
Front Psychol ; 12: 759175, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803840

RESUMO

Distinct from nominal metaphors, predicate metaphors entail metaphorical abstraction from concrete verbs, which generally involve more action and stronger motor simulation than nouns. It remains unclear whether and how the concrete, embodied aspects of verbs are connected with abstract, disembodied thinking in the brains of L2 learners. Since English predicate metaphors are unfamiliar to Chinese L2 learners, the study of embodiment effect on English predicate metaphor processing may provide new evidence for embodied cognition and categorization models that remain controversial, and offer practical insights into L2 metaphor processing and pedagogy. Hence, we aim to investigate whether the embodiment of verbs, via the activation of sensorimotor information, influences two groups of L2 learners during their comprehension of conventional and novel predicate metaphors. The results show a significant effect of embodiment: a stronger facilitation for novel predicate metaphors in both higher-level and lower-level groups, and a weaker facilitation for conventional predicate metaphors in the lower-level group. The findings demonstrate preliminary evidence for a graded effect of embodiment on predicate metaphors processing, modulated by L2 proficiency and metaphor novelty. The study supports a hybrid view of embodied cognition and reveals that sensorimotor aspects of verbs may be the intermediate entity involved in the indirect categorization.

3.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(11)2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34827794

RESUMO

Cloned animals generated by the somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) approach are valuable for the farm animal industry and biomedical science. Nevertheless, the extremely low developmental efficiency of cloned embryos hinders the application of SCNT. Low developmental competence is related to the higher apoptosis level in cloned embryos than in fertilization-derived counterparts. Interleukin 17D (IL17D) expression is up-regulated during early mouse embryo development and is required for normal development of mouse embryos by inhibiting apoptosis. This study aimed to investigate whether IL17D plays roles in regulating pig SCNT embryo development. Supplementation of IL17D to culture medium improved the developmental competence and decreased the cell apoptosis level in cloned porcine embryos. The transcriptome data indicated that IL17D activated apoptosis-associated pathways and promoted global gene expression at embryonic genome activation (EGA) stage in treated pig SCNT embryos. Treating pig SCNT embryos with IL17D up-regulated expression of GADD45B, which is functional in inhibiting apoptosis and promoting EGA. Overexpression of GADD45B enhanced the developmental efficiency of cloned pig embryos. These results suggested that IL17D treatment enhanced the developmental ability of cloned pig embryos by suppressing apoptosis and promoting EGA, which was related to the up-regulation of GADD45B expression. This study demonstrated the roles of IL17D in early development of porcine SCNT embryos and provided a new approach to improve the developmental efficiency of cloned porcine embryos.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(22)2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34830091

RESUMO

Apigenin, a common dietary flavonoid abundantly present in a variety of fruits and vegetables, has promising anticancer properties. As an effector of apigenin in myoblasts, protein arginine methyltransferase 7 (Prmt7) is required for male germ cell development. However, whether apigenin may influence male reproductive health through Prmt7 is still unclear. To this end, mouse spermatogonia were treated with different concentrations (2.5 to 50 µM) of apigenin for 48 h, which showed that apigenin could cause reduced cell proliferation in conjunction with longer S phase and G2/M phase (with concentrations of 10 and 20 µM, respectively), and increased apoptosis of spermatogonia (with concentration of 20 µM). Reduced Prmt7 expression was found in 20 µM apigenin-treated spermatogonia. Moreover, siRNA-induced Prmt7 knockdown exhibited similar influence on spermatogonia as that of apigenin treatment. In mechanistic terms, transcriptome analysis revealed 287 differentially expressed genes between Prmt7-downregulated and control spermatogonia. Furthermore, rescue experiments suggested that the effects of apigenin on spermatogonia might be mediated through the Prmt7/Akt3 pathway. Overall, our study supports that apigenin can interfere with mouse spermatogonial proliferation by way of the downregulated Prmt7/Akt3 pathway, which demonstrates that the concentration should be taken into account in future applications of apigenin for cancer therapy of men.

5.
Vet Parasitol ; 300: 109614, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837878

RESUMO

Chicken coccidiosis is a kind of parasitic protozoosis caused by Eimeria parasitizing in the chicken intestinal epithelial cells. Eimeria tenella is considered as a significantly virulent and harmful parasite. At present, drug resistance remains a major problem and a large number of drug residues have been found to be produced in the treatment of the disease. Hence, novel strategies are needed to avoid the harmful effects caused by the generation of various chemical drug residues to the human body and also reduce the economic loss caused by coccidiosis to the chicken industry. In this study, natural garlic essential oil was used to control Eimeria tenella infection. The anticoccidial index (ACI) was calculated according to the clinical symptoms, body weight gain, oocyst excretion and cecal lesions. The immune organ index and serum biochemical indexes were measured to verify the possible anticoccidial effects. The results showed that: compared with the infected group, continuous feeding of different doses of natural garlic essential oil could significantly reduce the clinical symptoms, cecal lesions, the number of oocysts, but increase the weight of sick chickens, and effectively improve the intestinal functions. Moreover, compared with diclazuril control group, 0.06 mL/L garlic essential oil exhibited similar anticoccidial index. The content of immune organ index, serum biochemical index IgM, IgG and IgA in 0.06 mL/L garlic essential oil group was the highest, which indicated that garlic essential oil had a significant tendency to improve the immune function of the chickens. This study also showed that the natural garlic essential oil exhibited the same beneficial effects as that of diclazuril on chicken coccidiosis, and the anti-coccidiosis index of 0.06 mL/L garlic essential oil was favorable. Thus based on the above evidences and its relatively low cost, garlic essential oil can be potentially be used as an efficient anti parasitic drug.

6.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the optimal time for initiating in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in women with complete remission after fertility-sparing treatment for grade I endometrial cancer (EC) or atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Young women who demonstrated complete remission after fertility-sparing treatment for grade I EC or AEH and underwent IVF-ET treatment were included. A generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used to compare the outcomes of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and embryo transfer at different times after discontinuing high-dose progesterone therapy, and patients were divided into three groups: ≤ 3 months (time 1), 3-9 months (time 2) and > 9 months (time 3). RESULTS: Thirty-seven women with complete remission after fertility-sparing treatment for grade I EC or AEH underwent 75 IVF-ET cycles. Regarding initiation of COH, 10 cycles for time 1, 31 cycles for time 2 and 34 cycles for time 3 were included. The odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the number of available embryos at time 2 and time 3 were 1.82 (1.08-3.08) and 2.45 (1.39-4.33), and those for the number of high-quality embryos at time 2 and time 3 were, respectively, 3.64 (1.34-9.87) and 3.62 (1.10-11.91), compared with that at time 1. Nineteen (51.4%) women had at least one clinical pregnancy and 13 (35.1%) women had live births. During a median follow-up period of 51 months (range 5-168 months), 10 (27.0%) women had disease relapse, with a median interval of 15.5 months (range 5-104 months). CONCLUSION: Initiating IVF-ET 3 months after ceasing high-dose progesterone therapy can lead to better outcomes of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for women with endometrial cancer or atypical endometrial hyperplasia.

7.
Front Psychol ; 12: 751446, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733217

RESUMO

Drawing on the narcissism literature and social information processing theory, we theorized and examined a serial mediation model linking leader narcissism with team voice behavior through leader voice solicitation and team voice climate. We tested our hypotheses using data collected from a time-lagged and multisource survey of 223 frontline employees in 60 teams at a large manufacturing organization. The results indicated that leader narcissism had a negatively indirect effect on team voice climate via leader voice solicitation. Team voice climate positively predicted team voice behavior, and the indirect effects of leader narcissism via leader voice solicitation and team voice climate on team voice behavior were significantly negative. In this paper, we discuss the theoretical implications of our findings for both the narcissism literature and the voice literature, along with their practical implications.

9.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757543

RESUMO

Distant hybridization is an important technique in fish genetic breeding. In this study, based on the establishment of an allodiploid fish lineage (BT, 2n=48, F1-F6) derived from distant hybridization between female Megalobrama amblycephala (BSB, 2n=48) and male Culter alburnus (TC, 2n=48), and the backcross progeny (BTB, 2n=48) derived by backcrossing female F1 of BT to male BSB, an improved hybrid bream (BTBB, 2n=48) was obtained by backcrossing BTB (♀) to BSB (♂). Moreover, the morphological and genetic characteristics of BTBB individuals were investigated; BTBB was similar to BSB in appearance but had a higher body height than BSB. The study results regarding chromosome numbers and DNA content indicated that BTBB is a diploid hybrid fish. The 5S rDNA and Hox gene of BTBB were inherited from the original parents. Gonadal development in BTBB was normal. On the other hand, BTBB had a faster growth rate, higher muscle protein level, and lower muscle carbohydrate level than BSB. Hence, bisexual fertile BTBB is promoted and can be applied as a high-quality fish, and it can also be used as a new fish germplasm resource to develop high-quality fish further. Thus, this study is of great significance for fish genetic breeding.

10.
Front Immunol ; 12: 739130, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603323

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation play an important role in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. Advances in molecular imaging using positron emission tomography have provided insights into the time course of neuroinflammation and its relation with Alzheimer's disease central pathologies in patients and in animal disease models. Recent single-cell sequencing and transcriptomics indicate dynamic disease-associated microglia and astrocyte profiles in Alzheimer's disease. Mitochondrial 18-kDa translocator protein is the most widely investigated target for neuroinflammation imaging. New generation of translocator protein tracers with improved performance have been developed and evaluated along with tau and amyloid imaging for assessing the disease progression in Alzheimer's disease continuum. Given that translocator protein is not exclusively expressed in glia, alternative targets are under rapid development, such as monoamine oxidase B, matrix metalloproteinases, colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor, imidazoline-2 binding sites, cyclooxygenase, cannabinoid-2 receptor, purinergic P2X7 receptor, P2Y12 receptor, the fractalkine receptor, triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2, and receptor for advanced glycation end products. Promising targets should demonstrate a higher specificity for cellular locations with exclusive expression in microglia or astrocyte and activation status (pro- or anti-inflammatory) with highly specific ligand to enable in vivo brain imaging. In this review, we summarised recent advances in the development of neuroinflammation imaging tracers and provided an outlook for promising targets in the future.

11.
Eye Vis (Lond) ; 8(1): 38, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666831

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of retinal ischemia, neurodegeneration, and subclinical edema on best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: Ischemia was evaluated by the microvascular parameters measured by optical coherence tomography angiography. Neurodegeneration and subclinical edema were identified by the intraretinal layer thickness obtained by optical coherence tomography. Eyes with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (n = 132) from 89 patients were analyzed. Eyes were classified as having normal BCVA (n = 88 [66.7%], Snellen equivalent ≥ 20/20) or decreased BCVA (n = 44 [33.3%], Snellen equivalent < 20/20). The prevalence of ischemia, neurodegeneration, and subclinical edema was explored in patients with and without decreased BCVA, and correlations between BCVA and these pathological pathways were determined. RESULTS: Vessel density in the deep retinal capillary plexus (DRCP) and thickness of ganglion cell layer plus inner plexiform layer (GCL-IPL) were significantly lower in eyes with decreased BCVA compared with eyes with normal BCVA (both P < 0.05). In the final multiple regression predictive model, age, DRCP vessel density, and GCL-IPL thickness (all P ≤ 0.044) were predictors of BCVA. DRCP vessel density and GCL-IPL thickness have an interactive effect on visual acuity. The proportions of ischemia and neurodegeneration were significantly higher in eyes with decreased BCVA than in eyes with normal BCVA (P = 0.001 and P = 0.004, respectively). CONCLUSION: During the natural course of the early stages of DR, ischemia and neurodegeneration were the main disease pathways associated with visual acuity, and the mechanisms varied among patients.

12.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(11): 1015, 2021 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711812

RESUMO

Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is a severe osteochondral disorder that may be driven by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. We aimed to improve our understanding of the gut microbiota structure in KBD patients of different grades and the relationship between the gut microbiota and serum metabolites. Fecal and serum samples collected from KBD patients and normal controls (NCs) were used to characterize the gut microbiota using 16S rDNA gene and metabolomic sequencing via liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS). To identify whether gut microbial changes at the species level are associated with the genes or functions of the gut bacteria in the KBD patients, metagenomic sequencing of fecal samples from grade I KBD, grade II KBD and NC subjects was performed. The KBD group was characterized by elevated levels of Fusobacteria and Bacteroidetes. A total of 56 genera were identified to be significantly differentially abundant between the two groups. The genera Alloprevotella, Robinsoniella, Megamonas, and Escherichia_Shigella were more abundant in the KBD group. Consistent with the 16S rDNA analysis at the genus level, most of the differentially abundant species in KBD subjects belonged to the genus Prevotella according to metagenomic sequencing. Serum metabolomic analysis identified some differentially abundant metabolites among the grade I and II KBD and NC groups that were involved in lipid metabolism metabolic networks, such as that for unsaturated fatty acids and glycerophospholipids. Furthermore, we found that these differences in metabolite levels were associated with altered abundances of specific species. Our study provides a comprehensive landscape of the gut microbiota and metabolites in KBD patients and provides substantial evidence of a novel interplay between the gut microbiome and metabolome in KBD pathogenesis.

13.
Front Immunol ; 12: 702385, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671343

RESUMO

Objective: The concentrations of complement proteins (adipsin, C3a, and C5a) and soluble endoglin (sENG) in the plasma were measured in this study, and their value as early-pregnancy predictors and potential diagnostic marker of preeclampsia was assessed, respectively. Experimental Design: Plasma samples were obtained from healthy and preeclampsia pregnant women before delivery for a cross-sectional study. Plasma samples were collected from healthy and preeclampsia pregnant women throughout pregnancy and postpartum for a follow-up study. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to detect plasma levels of several complement proteins (adipsin, C3a, and C5a) and sENG. Results: The plasma levels of adipsin, C5a, and sENG were significantly increased before delivery in pregnant women with preeclampsia. During pregnancy, the plasma adipsin, C5a, and sENG levels were increased from the third trimester in healthy pregnant women; plasma adipsin levels remained stable after delivery, while C3a levels increased in the second trimester and remained stable afterward. Furthermore, levels of adipsin, C5a, and sENG were higher in preeclampsia patients at different stages of pregnancy; the C3a level presents a similar change and no difference was found in the third trimester. In the first trimester, receiver-operating curve (ROC) curve analysis showed that adipsin (AUC, 0.83 ± 0.06, P=0.001) and sENG (AUC, 0.74 ± 0.09, P=0.021) presented high value as predictors of early pregnancy. Conclusions: Adipsin is likely a novel plasma biomarker to monitor the increased risk of preeclampsia in early pregnancy. Moreover, the increased plasma levels of adipsin, C5a, and sENG before delivery may be associated with preeclampsia.

14.
Neurosci Lett ; 764: 136292, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655709

RESUMO

Previous studies showed that neural stem cells (NSCs) have an ability to differentiate into neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. However, the mechanisms that govern the fate of neural stem cell determination have not yet been fully clarified. In this study, we demonstrated that expression and activation of cofilin 1, a F-actin depolymerizing factor, are significantly changed during the development of brain, cortex or NSCs. Using Neuro-2a cells as a model, we found that overexpression of cofilin 1 significantly inhibit the cell differentiation and neurite outgrowth, while inhibition of intracellular cofilin 1 phosphorylation was significantly promoted. In cultured NSCs, we observed that cofilin 1 reduced the proportion of neurons derived from NSC due to inhibition of the phosphorylation, while the morphological maturation of neurons was promoted. Together, our findings revealed that cofilin 1 plays dynamic regulatory role on NSC cell fate determination and enhance neuronal maturation through regulating its activity and expression.

15.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 685593, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712657

RESUMO

Identifying the genes relevant for muscle development is pivotal to improve meat production and quality in pigs. Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE), a thiol zinc-metalloendopeptidase, has been known to regulate the myogenic process of mouse and rat myoblast cell lines, while its myogenic role in pigs remained elusive. Therefore, the current study aimed to identify the effects of IDE on the proliferation and apoptosis of porcine skeletal muscle stem cells (PSMSCs) and underlying molecular mechanism. We found that IDE was widely expressed in porcine tissues, including kidney, lung, spleen, liver, heart, and skeletal muscle. Then, to explore the effects of IDE on the proliferation and apoptosis of PSMSCs, we subjected the cells to siRNA-mediated knockdown of IDE expression, which resulted in promoted cell proliferation and reduced apoptosis. As one of key transcription factors in myogenesis, MYOD, its expression was also decreased with IDE knockdown. To further elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism, RNA sequencing was performed. Among transcripts perturbed by the IDE knockdown after, a downregulated gene myostatin (MSTN) which is known as a negative regulator for muscle growth attracted our interest. Indeed, MSTN knockdown led to similar results as those of the IDE knockdown, with upregulation of cell cycle-related genes, downregulation of MYOD as well as apoptosis-related genes, and enhanced cell proliferation. Taken together, our findings suggest that IDE regulates the proliferation and apoptosis of PSMSCs via MSTN/MYOD pathway. Thus, we recruit IDE to the gene family of regulators for porcine skeletal muscle development and propose IDE as an example of gene to prioritize in order to improve pork production.

16.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 740-746, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622586

RESUMO

Nano hydroxyapatite (nHAp), a main component of the inorganic composition of human bones and teeth, is widely used in bone tissue engineering, bone defect repair and replacement, for example, for its biocompatibility, bioactivity, bioaffinity and the ability to induce bone regeneration. Nano hydroxyapatite contains calcium and phosphorus, elements that can be replaced through the normal metabolic channels of the human body. Therefore, after implantation, it can be partially or completely absorbed and replaced by human tissues and can effectively assist bone regeneration, which makes it an ideal material for bone repair. However, traditional nHAp material is brittle and hard to be degraded in human body. In addition, nHAp has poor stability due to its high surface energy and tendency for agglomeration, which causes rapid attenuation of its mechanical strength and limits its clinical application. At present, the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of nHAp can be effectively improved by loading the related growth factors, proteins, peptides and other bioactive molecules, so as to better meet the biological requirements of bone repair materials. However, the traditional physicochemical modification methods are complicated and may interfere with the bioactivity of nHAp. It is simple to biomimetically synthesize nanomaterials by direct utilization of the molecular recognition and self-assemble capabilities of biomolecules or living microorganisms. Furthermore, the properties of the synthesized nanomaterials are stable, and the method has been extensively studied in recent years. Due to the unique crystaline structure and physicochemical properties of nHAp, results of a large number of studies have shown that its affinity with biological molecules can be used to produce bioactive nHAp by biomimetic synthesis methods. Biomimetically synthesized nHAp is expected to become the mainstream bone tissue engineering scaffold material. Analyzing and summarizing the biomimetic synthetic process and the characteristics of different nHAp materials will facilitate further development of bone defect repair materials with better mechanical and biological properties. Herein we reviewed methods of biomimetic synthesis of nHAp based on different biomolecular templates. Furthermore, we also discussed applications of biomimetic synthesized nHAp in bone tissue engineering, which can used as reference information for further research and development of new-generation bone repair biomaterials.


Assuntos
Durapatita , Engenharia Tecidual , Biomimética , Osso e Ossos , Humanos , Tecidos Suporte
17.
Melanoma Res ; 31(6): 495-503, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483306

RESUMO

Mucosal melanoma is a rare but devastating subtype of melanoma which typically has a worse prognosis than other melanoma subtypes. Large-scale next-generation sequencing studies, including our recent research, have also proved that the molecular landscape and potential oncogenic drivers of mucosal melanoma remain distinct from that of cutaneous melanoma. Recently, a number of selective cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4)/6 inhibitors have been approved for clinical application in breast cancer or entered phase III clinical trial in other solid tumors. Additionally, we have revealed that the dysregulation of cell cycle progression, caused by CDK4 amplification, is a key genetic feature in half of mucosal melanoma and targeting of CDK4 in selected mucosal melanoma patients is a potentially promising direction for precision cancer treatment by using molecular-characterized mucosal melanoma patient-derived-xenograft models. This review summarizes the current literature regarding CDK4/6 dysregulation in mucosal melanoma, preclinical and clinical studies of CDK4/6 inhibitors and potential combinational strategies in treating mucosal melanoma.

18.
Front Oncol ; 11: 700341, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490099

RESUMO

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement occurs in 5% to 8% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). More than 90 different ALK fusion partners have been discovered in NSCLC patients, and ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) such as crizotinib and alectinib have achieved tumor responses in patients with advanced ALK-positive NSCLC. Here, we report the case of a patient with an advanced NSCLC carrying a novel serine/threonine kinase 3 (STK3)-ALK rearrangement, which was identified by targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) and was confirmed by RNA sequencing. Anti-ALK immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining also revealed the high expression of ALK. The patient benefitted from alectinib treatment after experiencing crizotinib resistance and achieved an overall response to TKI of over 14 months. At the timepoint of submission of this manuscript, this patient is still receiving alectinib treatment with a good tolerance. This study provides meaningful insights into the potential treatment option for NSCLC patients with brain metastases harboring STK3-ALK fusions and highlights the advantages of NGS in rapidly identifying novel molecular targets.

19.
Front Oncol ; 11: 617787, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540652

RESUMO

Purpose: Positron emission tomography (PET) range verification is an important method that can help improve the confidence in proton therapy for clinical applications. Two kinds of verification methods are implemented and compared based on clinical cases in this study. Method: The study is conducted on 14 breast cancer patients following proton irradiation treatment. Verification is done by calculating the depth error between the numerically predicted values with the measured PET image along the beam direction. Point-based and segment-based methods are applied and compared. The verification results are presented as depth error means and standard deviations in a region of interest (ROI). Results: The mean value of the depth error of all 14 cases is within the range of [-3, 3] mm for both point-based and segment-based methods, and only one case result calculated by the point-based method is slightly beyond -3 mm. When comparing the mean depth error from the two methods, the paired t-test result shows that the p-value is 0.541, and the standard deviation of the segment-based method is smaller than that of the point-based method. Conclusion: In breast cancer case verification application, point-based and segment-based methods show no significant difference in the mean value of results. Both methods can quantify the accuracy of proton radiotherapy to the millimeter level.

20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502577

RESUMO

An RSS transform-based weighted k-nearest neighbor (WKNN) indoor positioning algorithm, Q-WKNN, is proposed to improve the positioning accuracy and real-time performance of Wi-Fi fingerprint-based indoor positioning. To smooth the RSS fluctuation difference caused by acquisition equipment, time, and environment changes, base Q is introduced in Q-WKNN to transform RSS to Q-based RSS, based on the relationship between the received signal strength (RSS) and physical distance. Analysis of the effective range of base Q indicates that Q-WKNN is more suitable for regions with noticeable environmental changes and fixed access points (APs). To reduce the positioning time, APs are selected to form a Q-WKNN similarity matrix. Adaptive K is applied to estimate the test point (TP) position. Commonly used indoor positioning algorithms are compared to Q-WKNN on Zenodo and underground parking databases. Results show that Q-WKNN has better positioning accuracy and real-time performance than WKNN, modified-WKNN (M-WKNN), Gaussian kernel (GK), and least squares-support vector machine (LS-SVM) algorithms.


Assuntos
Algoritmos
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