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1.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(6): 2072-2078, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257781

RESUMO

An experiment with single-factor design was conducted to investigate the effects of light intensity on growth and survival of cuttlefish (Sepia pharaonis). The specific growth rate, survival rate, oxygen consumption rate, ammonia excretion rate, lactic acid content in muscle, respiratory metabolic enzymes (including hexokinase, pyruvate kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase), supero-xide dismutase, and malondialdehyde in liver were measured in five constant light intensity treatments (10, 30, 50, 70, 90 µmol·m-2·s-1). The main results were as follows: The specific growth rate and survival rate remained steady initially and then decreased gradually with the increases of light intensity. There was no significant difference between groups 10 and 30 µmol·m-2·s-1, but they were significantly higher than those of the other groups. Exposed to light intensities of 10 and 30 µmol·m-2·s-1, the specific growth rates were (8.43±0.22)%·d-1 and (8.47±0.17)%·d-1, and the survival rates were (79.2±5.9)% and (80.0±4.9)%, respectively. Oxygen consumption rates and ammonia excretion rates increased first slowly and then sharply, and reached the maximum value when light intensity was 90 µmol·m-2·s-1, which was significantly higher than those of the other groups. Lactic acid content in muscle firstly decreased and then increased, with the minimum value at 30 µmol·m-2·s-1. The acid content of 10 µmol·m-2·s-1 was significantly lower than those of the other groups except 30 and 50 µmol·m-2·s-1. With the increases of light intensity, the activities of HK and PK in gills remained steady initially and then decreased gradually, and reached the highest level when exposed to 10 and 30 µmol·m-2·s-1, which were significantly higher than those of the other groups. LDH activity in muscle had the lowest level at the light intensity of 10 and 30 µmol·m-2·s-1, which was significantly lower than those of the other groups. SOD activity in liver firstly increased and then decreased, and reached the highest level ((104.93±4.17) U·mg-1 pro) when exposed to 70 µmol·m-2·s-1, which was significantly higher than those of the other groups. MDA content in liver first remained steady and then increased gradually, and reached the highest level ((5.06±0.35) nmol·mg-1 pro) when exposed to 90 µmol·m-2·s-1, which was significantly higher than those of the other groups. In conclusion, the optimum light intensities for growth, survival and metabolism of S. pharaonis were 10 and 30 µmol·m-2·s-1, beyond which S. pharaonis would be under stress. Therefore, sunproof measures should be taken to keep weak light condition in culture practice.


Assuntos
Sepia/fisiologia , Luz Solar , Animais , Fígado , Malondialdeído , Músculos , Sepia/enzimologia
2.
Immunol Lett ; 213: 55-61, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30849400

RESUMO

Circulating T follicular helper (cTFH) cells have been demonstrated to be involved in B-cell-mediated alloreactive responses in kidney and liver transplantation; however, whether these cells are involved in acute liver allograft rejection after liver transplantation, and which subsets are involved, remains to be clarified. The present study aimed to investigate the profiles of cTFH cells in acute liver allograft rejection, including the CXC motif receptor 3 (CXCR3)+ chemokine receptor 6 (CCR6)- subset, the CXCR3-CCR6- subset, and the CXCR3-CCR6+ subset. Twelve liver transplant patients with acute rejection (AR) and 20 with no acute rejection (NAR) were enrolled in the study. The results showed that the proportion of CXCR3-CCR6-CXCR5+CD4+ T cells was significantly increased and the proportion of CXCR3-CCR6+CXCR5+CD4+ T cells was significantly decreased in patients with AR compared with patients with NAR. In addition, the proportion of CXCR3-CCR6-CXCR5+CD4+ T cells was positively correlated with the proportion of B cells in patients with AR. The level of serum interleukin (IL)-21 was higher in the AR group than in the NAR groups. Furthermore, the proportion of CXCR3-CCR6-CXCR5+CD4+ T cells was positively correlated with alanine amino transferase (ALT), whereas the proportion of CXCR3-CCR6+ CXCR5+CD4+ T cells was negatively correlated with ALT. B cells and TFH cells were detected in follicular-like structures in liver allograft tissues from patients with AR. These results suggest that CXCR3-CCR6-CXCR5+CD4+ T cells may be involved in acute allograft rejection after liver transplantation.

3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 29(6): 2059-2067, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29974717

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of lumination on hatching of fertilized eggs of Sepia pharaonis, to reveal the best light conditions for its embryonic development. A single-factor experiment was carried out to examine the effects of different light intensities (10, 30, 50, 70, 90 µmol·m-2·s-1) and different photoperiod L:D (24 h:0 h, 18 h:6 h, 12 h:12 h, 6 h:18 h, 0 h:24 h) on the embryonic development. The results showed that the effects of light intensity on the hatching rate, fractured yolk sac rate, incubation period, mass of newly hatched larvae and mantle length was significant. There was no significant effect on hatching period and survival rate after hatching 7 days. With the increases of light intensity, the hatching rate, incubation period, mass of newly hatched larvae and mantle length first increased and then decreased, while the fractured yolk sac rate gradually increased. The optimum light intensity was 30 µmol·m-2·s-1. Exposed to this light intensity, the hatching rate, fractured yolk sac rate, incubation period, hatching period, mass of newly hatched larvae, mantle length and survival rate after hatching 7 days were (90.0±4.1)%, (7.3±1.5)%, (25.50±0.35) d, (8.10±0.89) d, (0.213±0.011) g, (1.013±0.022) cm, (97.1±4.0)%, respectively. The effects of photoperiod on the hatching rate, incubation period, hatching period were significant, but there was no significant effect on fractured yolk sac rate, mass of newly hatched larvae, mantle length and survival rate after hatching 7 days. With the increases of illumination time, the hatching rate and hatching period first increased and then decreased. The optimum photoperiod was L:D (12 h:12 h). When exposed to this photoperiod environment, the hatching rate, fractured yolk sac rate, incubation period, hatching period, mass of newly hatched larvae, mantle length and survival rate after hatching 7 days were (88.7±1.8)%, (8.7±1.8)%, (25.00±0.50) d, (7.00±3.20) d, (0.209±0.005) g, (0.998±0.026) cm, (96.8±7.1)%, respectively. In conclusion, embryo hatchability of S. pharaonis preferred to low light intensity (30 µmol·m-2·s-1) and normal photoperiod L:D (12 h:12 h). In production practice, sunproof measures should be taken to keep the eggs in weak light condition.


Assuntos
Fotoperíodo , Sepia/enzimologia , Animais , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Larva , Luz
4.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(7): 11636-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26379998

RESUMO

In this study, we reported a case of de novo autoimmune hepatitis. In this case, liver puncture biopsy was carried out and the result showed autoimmune hepatitis. In this report, we described the characteristics of this patient.

5.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 23(11): 860-4, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26743248

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcomes and recurrence of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) after liver transplantation. METHODS: Clinical data of 16 patients with AIH who underwent liver transplantation were analyzed retrospectively. The postoperative cumulative survival rate of the patients was calculated. The postoperative rejections and AIH recurrence were analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for statistical analysis of survival. RESULTS: All patients were female, with an average age of 52.6 years (range: 41-66 years), and an average MELD score of 21.4. According serological analysis, 15 patients were AIH type 1 and 1 patient was AIH type 2. Three patients died, including 2 of pulmonary infection and 1 of graft dysfunction.The 1-, 2-and 5-year cumulative survival rates were 93.8%, 87.1% and 79.1%, respectively. Five cases (31.3%) of recurrent AIH were diagnosed based on histological evidence. Acute rejection occurred in 6 (37.5%) patients, and de novo HBV infection occurred in 1 (6.3%) patient. CONCLUSION: Liver transplantation is an effective treatment for end-stage AIH. Recurrence and rejection were commonly associated with AIH, but did not negatively impact patient survival.


Assuntos
Hepatite Autoimune/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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