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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(22): 6536-6543, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358406

RESUMO

The organic-inorganic halide perovskites (OIHPs) have shown enormous potential for solar cells, while problems like the current-voltage hysteresis and the long-term instability have seriously hindered their applications. Ion migrations are believed to be relevant. But the atomistic details still remain unclear. Here we study the migrations of ions in CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) at varying temperatures ( T's), using combined experimental and first-principle theoretical methods. Classical hopping of the iodide ions is the main migration mechanism at moderate T's. Below ∼270 K, the kinetic constant for ionic migration still shows an Arrenhius dependency, but the much lower activation energy is attributed to the migration of H+. A gradual classical-to-quantum transition takes place between ∼140 and ∼80 K. Below ∼80 K, the kinetic constant becomes T-independent, suggesting that deep quantum tunneling of H+ takes over. This study gives direct experimental evidence for the migrations of H+s in MAPbI3 and confirms their quantum nature.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(34): 10959-10965, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29953706

RESUMO

A readily available small molecular hole-transporting material (HTM), OMe-TATPyr, was synthesized and tested in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). OMe-TATPyr is a two-dimensional π-conjugated molecule with a pyrene core and four phenyl-thiophene bridged triarylamine groups. It can be readily synthesized in gram scale with a low lab cost of around US$ 50 g-1 . The incorporation of the phenyl-thiophene units in OMe-TATPyr are beneficial for not only carrier transportation through improved charge delocalization and intermolecular stacking, but also potential trap passivation via Pb-S interaction as supported by depth-profiling XPS, photoluminescence, and electrochemical impedance analysis. As a result, an impressive best power conversion efficiency (PCE) of up to 20.6 % and an average PCE of 20.0 % with good stability has been achieved for mixed-cation PSCs with OMe-TATPyr with an area of 0.09 cm2 . A device with an area of 1.08 cm2 based on OMe-TATPyr demonstrates a PCE of 17.3 %.

3.
Light Sci Appl ; 6(5): e16243, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30167249

RESUMO

Ionic transport in organometal halide perovskites is of vital importance because it dominates anomalous phenomena in perovskite solar cells, from hysteresis to switchable photovoltaic effects. However, excited state ionic transport under illumination has remained elusive, although it is essential for understanding the unusual light-induced effects (light-induced self-poling, photo-induced halide segregation and slow photoconductivity response) in organometal halide perovskites for optoelectronic applications. Here, we quantitatively demonstrate light-enhanced ionic transport in CH3NH3PbI3 over a wide temperature range of 17-295 K, which reveals a reduction in ionic transport activation energy by approximately a factor of five (from 0.82 to 0.15 eV) under illumination. The pure ionic conductance is obtained by separating it from the electronic contribution in cryogenic galvanostatic and voltage-current measurements. On the basis of these findings, we design a novel light-assisted method of catalyzing ionic interdiffusion between CH3NH3I and PbI2 stacking layers in sequential deposition perovskite synthesis. X-ray diffraction patterns indicate a significant reduction of PbI2 residue in the optimized CH3NH3PbI3 thin film produced via light-assisted sequential deposition, and the resulting solar cell efficiency is increased by over 100% (7.5%-15.7%) with little PbI2 residue. This new method enables fine control of the reaction depth in perovskite synthesis and, in turn, supports light-enhanced ionic transport.

4.
J Neurol ; 259(12): 2527-37, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22688569

RESUMO

Chronic infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in ischemic stroke (IS) incidence has been previously studied in several publications; however, conflicting results have been reported. A meta-analysis was used to assess whether chronic infection of H. pylori was associated with risk of IS, and which of the following was more effective for predication of IS risk, antibody IgG of H. pylori (anti-H. pylori IgG), antibody IgG of cytotoxin-associated gene-A (anti-Cag A IgG) or the (13)C-urea breath test. We searched the databases of Medline and Embase, and latest update was January 1, 2012. Case-control studies were considered to be eligible. The odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) were calculated using the random-effect model. A total of 13 studies including 4,041 participants were included in this meta-analysis. Of these studies, ten, four and four studies were for anti-H. pylori IgG, anti-Cag A IgG and the (13)C-urea breath test, respectively. Combined analysis indicated that positive anti-H. pylori IgG, anti-Cag A IgG and (13)C-urea breath test were significantly associated with increased risk of IS, respectively, and positive anti-Cag A IgG was more effective for predication of IS risk [OR (95 % CI) = 1.60 (1.21-2.11), P (heterogeneity) = 0.001 for positive versus negative anti-H. pylori IgG; 2.33 (1.76-3.09), P (heterogeneity) = 0.71 for positive versus negative anti-Cag A IgG and 1.65 (1.11-2.47), P (heterogeneity) = 0.17 for positive versus negative (13)C-urea breath test]. In addition, we found that positive anti-H. pylori IgG was closely associated with risk of IS caused by atherosclerosis and small artery disease, but not for cardioembolic IS. This meta-analysis indicated that chronic H. pylori infection was significantly associated with an increased risk of IS, especially for non-cardioembolic IS. Compared with anti-H. pylori IgG and the (13)C-urea breath test, anti-Cag A IgG seemed more effective for prediction of risk of IS.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Helicobacter pylori , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/microbiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/microbiologia
5.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 22(4): 572-80, 2006 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16894890

RESUMO

Based on site-specific transposition of an expression cassette into a baculovirus shuttle vector (Bacmid) which propagated in Escherichia coli, the Bac-to-Bac System provides a rapid and efficient method to generate recombinant baculoviruses and is widely used for high level expression of heterologous proteins. And the efficiency of recombinant baculovirus infecting cells plays an important role on the protein expression. In this study, we introduced an EGFP expression cassette driven by polyhedrin promoter into the p74 locus of Bacmid by homologous recombination. The target Bacmid-egfp was then transformed into E. coli DH10B containing the transposition helper plasmid to gain a new transposition receipt strain E. coli DH10Bac-egfp. Because of the intact attTn7 sites and lacZ', target gene cloned in a pFastBac vector can be transposed into the Bacmid-egfp shutter vector to construct recombinant baculovirus, which would allow the tracing of the target protein expression and the recombinant Bacmid transfection or recombinant baculoviral infection under fluorescence microscopes. Recombinant virus Bac-egfp-DsRed was constructed by transposing DsRed into the Bacmid-egfp in E. coliDHl0Bac-egfp, and the Sf9 cells infected with the recombinant virus expressed DsRed and EGFP efficiently. Another protein IL-6 fused with 6 x his tag was expressed and purified sucessfully from Sf9 cells infected with recombinant virus Bac-egfp-6 x his-IL6 constructed by the improved Bac-to-Bac system.


Assuntos
Baculoviridae/genética , Interleucina-6/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Animais , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Interleucina-6/biossíntese , Plasmídeos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Spodoptera
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