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1.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 179: 113061, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609952

RESUMO

With the increasing number of reports on aristolochic acid I (AAI), more and more toxic and side effects have been discovered successively. The main recognized carcinogenic mechanism is that AAI is metabolized into aristololactam I (AAT) in the body by nitroreductases, ultimately forming AAT-DNA adducts that cause disease. However, the carcinogenic mechanism is still not well understood by currently reported indirect method, there has always been a great demand to develop a direct method for real-time monitoring such process. In this work, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) was used for the first time to monitor the process of AAI under the action of reducing agent sodium borohydride and catalyst Raney nickel to form AAT. We first found the abundant intermediate product-amino derivative of AAI, which was never reported before by other methods. The AAT was then obtained by a one-step dehydration reaction from the amino derivative of AAI under such reduction conditions. The product of amino derivative of AAI and AAT were further verified by thin-layer chromatography, H nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, mass spectrometry, and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography. Furthermore, a density functional theory-supported in-depth vibrational characterization of AAI and AAT was performed. The monitoring of the AAI reduction process by SERS can be of great significance for further exploration of its pathogenic mechanism, prevention, and monitoring of "nephropathy" and other diseases caused by AAI.

2.
Cancer Biol Ther ; : 1-8, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629937

RESUMO

Lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is a prevalent subtype of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Dysregulated long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are increasingly identified as pivotal modulators in cancer progression. NCK1 divergent transcript (NCK1-AS1) is a lncRNA that has been proven to be oncogenic in different types of human cancers. However, whether it exerts similar functions in LUSC remains to be elusive. The present study focused on investigating the influence of NCK1-AS1 on the cellular process in LUSC and exploring its underlying mechanism. Through online bioinformatics analysis, we obtained a high NCK1-AS1 level in LUSC tissues. Meanwhile, we confirmed that NCK1-AS1 was upregulated in LUSC cells. Gain- or loss-of-function assays suggested that NCK1-AS1 prompted cell proliferation and migration, whilst impeded cell apoptosis in LUSC. Mechanistically, we revealed that NCK1-AS1 induced the upregulation of its nearby gene NCK adaptor protein 1 (NCK1) at the transcriptional level by interacting with the transcription factor MYC proto-oncogene (MYC). Rescue assays indicated that NCK1 participated in the regulation of NCK1-AS1 on LUSC progression. In conclusion, we firstly demonstrated the oncogenic role of NCK1-AS1 in LUSC and illustrated its downstream molecular mechanism.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554433

RESUMO

Room-temperature (RT) sodium-sulfur (Na/S) battery has been considered as a promising energy storage system due to suitable operating temperature, high theoretical energy density, and low cost. However, it has a poor cycle life and low reversible capacity. In this work, we report a long-life RT-Na/S battery with the help of amorphous porous silica as a sulfur host. The sulfur is loaded into amorphous silica by a facile dipping method, and the optimal sulfur loading can be as high as 73.48 wt.%. The molecular dynamics simulation and first-principles calculations suggest that the complex pores, acting as micro-containers and the formation of Na-O chemical bonds between amorphous silica and sodium polysulfide, give the electrodes a strong ability to inhibit sodium polysulfide shuttle. This would give rise to effectively avoiding the loss of active sulfur, corresponding to a superior capacity (i.e., average discharge capacities of 1106, 1074, 1060, 1036, and 1000 mAh·g -1 at 1, 2, 3, 5, and 10 A·g -1 , respectively.) and an excellent cyclability even at 10 A·g -1 (nearly 100% coulomb efficiency and high reversible capacity of 955.8 mAh·g -1 after 1460 cycles). The present results introduce new insights into the inhibition of "shuttle effect" of sodium polysulfide and develop a promising sulfur electrode for advanced RT sodium-sulfur batteries.

4.
Proteins ; 2021 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583053

RESUMO

Inorganic pyrophosphatases (PPases) catalyze the hydrolysis of pyrophosphate to phosphates. PPases play essential roles in growth and development, and are found in all kingdoms of life. Human possess two PPases, PPA1 and PPA2. PPA1 is present in all tissues, acting largely as a housekeeping enzyme. Besides pyrophosphate hydrolysis, PPA1 can also directly dephosphorylate phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinases 1 (JNK1). Upregulated expression of PPA1 has been linked to many human malignant tumors. PPA1 knockdown induces apoptosis and decreases proliferation. PPA1 is emerging as a potential prognostic biomarker and target for anti-cancer drug development. In spite of the biological and physiopathological importance of PPA1, there is no detailed study on the structure and catalytic mechanisms of mammalian origin PPases. Here we report the crystal structure of human PPA1 at a resolution of 2.4 Å. We also carried out modeling studies of PPA1 in complex with JNK1 derived phosphor-peptides. The monomeric protein fold of PPA1 is similar to those found in other family I PPases. PPA1 forms a dimeric structure that should be conserved in animal and fungal PPases. Analysis of the PPA1 structure and comparison with available structures of PPases from lower organisms suggest that PPA1 has a largely pre-organized and relatively rigid active site for pyrophosphate hydrolysis. Results from the modeling study indicate the active site of PPA1 has the potential to accommodate double-phosphorylated peptides from JNK1. In short, results from the study provides new insights into the mechanisms of human PPA1 and basis for structure-based anti-cancer drug developments using PPA1 as the target.

5.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-8, 2021 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455419

RESUMO

To explore the intervention effects of individualized measures on the psychological status of patients with localized small cell lung cancer complicated with pleural effusion (LSCLC-PE). A total of 79 LSCLC patients were selected for comparing the source of psychological control and psychological distress between the patients with combined (group LSCLC-PE, n = 38) and non-combined pleural effusion (group LSCLC, n = 41). LSCLC-PE patients were randomly sub-divided into the control group (CON, for conventional intervention) and the observation group (OBS, for individualized intervention) for evaluating the intervention effects between these two subgroups using the SCL-90 scale. The PHLC score, psychological pain score, and sources of psychological pain (proportion of dyspnea, etc.) in group LSCLC-PE were higher than group LSCLC, but the IHLC and CHLC scores were lower; after intervention, the somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and total average score in subgroup OBS were statistically lower than subgroup CON. LSCLC-PE patients have poor psychological status, and intervention can improve their psychological status.

6.
J Hazard Mater ; 404(Pt A): 124106, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053472

RESUMO

Recently, black phosphorous (BP) nanosheets as an emerging nanomaterial have presented significant fire safety improvement in polymer nanocomposites. However, as elemental phosphorus, fire safety improvement effect of BP nanosheets on polymer composites builds on the conversion of gaseous pyrolysis products into smoke particles, which inevitably promotes the formation and release of smoke particles. From the perspective of overall fire safety improvement, it is vital to simultaneously suppress the heat release and smoke production of polymer/BP composites. Herein, melamine-mediated graphene/black phosphorous nanohybrids (GNS/MA/BP) were fabricated through electrostatic-driving self-assembly process and introduced into polyether thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU). During combustion, the barrier function provided by thermally stable layered structure of graphene (GNS) enables more pyrolysis products of BP nanosheets to be kept within condensed phase and react with polymer matrix. Compared to pure TPU, the incorporated hierarchical nanostructure (GNS/MA/BP-2) decreases PHRR, THR, and total CO2 release of TPU composite by 54.7%, 23.5%, and 32.5%, respectively. Beside, in contrast to TPU-BP composite, the release rate of toxic smoke and CO gas of TPU-GNS/MA/BP-2 composite are reduced by 46.7% and 49.4%. With barrier function of graphene, the heat and smoke release behavior of polymer/BP nanocomposites is effectively suppressed.

7.
Talanta ; 224: 121713, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378998

RESUMO

Isotopic dilution high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for determination of seven legacy and emerging brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in water using cloud point extraction coupled with ultrasound-assisted back-extraction. The effects of different experimental conditions on the recovery and matrix effect during cloud point extraction were investigated. Under the optimum conditions (sample volume: 40 mL; Triton X-114 concentration: 1.0 g L-1; equilibration temperature: 40 °C; equilibration time: 10 min; NH4OAc concentration: 0.5 M), the absolute recoveries obtained by cloud point extraction for the seven BFRs ranged from 64.0% to 108.8%, with matrix effect factors ranging between 0.70 and 1.07. Ultrasound-assisted back-extraction combined with isotope dilution mass spectrometry was utilized to enhance the enrichment factor and improve the repeatability. Under the optimized conditions, method limits of detection for BFRs ranged from 0.3 to 3.0 ng L-1. The average recoveries were in the range of 92.9-113.6% and 86.0-99.3% for spiked water samples at 10 and 100 ng L-1 of each BFR. The intra- and inter-day relative standard deviations (n = 6) were less than 5.4% and 8.0%, respectively. The results demonstrated that the proposed method was highly sensitive, efficient and reliable for the determination of trace legacy and emerging BFRs in water samples.

8.
J Affect Disord ; 281: 131-137, 2021 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316718

RESUMO

Background The social distancing during COVID-19 is likely to cause a feeling of alienation, which may pose a threat to the public's mental health. Our research aims to examine the relationship between negative emotions and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), considering the mediation effect of alienation and how it is moderated by anxiety and depression. Methods For this, the current study conducted a cross-sectional survey on 7145 participants during the outbreak of COVID-19, via online questionnaires comprised of a self-designed Negative emotions questionnaire, Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90), PTSD Checklist-civilian version (PCL-C), and Adolescent Students Alienation Scale (ASAS). Results A total of 6666 pieces of data from the general population were included in the statistical analysis. The descriptive statistics showed a relatively mild level of mental disorders. Besides, results of Conditional Process Model analysis supported our hypotheses that negative emotions and alienation were both predictors for PTSD symptoms, and their direct and indirect effects were all moderated by the level of anxiety. Limitations This study was limited by the generality and causality of the conclusion. The moderating effect of depression was left for further study due to the collinearity problem of variables. Conclusions Social distancing may have an impact on individuals' mental health by the feeling of alienation, which was moderated by affective disorders. Clinical psychologists should identify individuals' particular cognition and mental disorders to provide a more accurate and adequate intervention for them.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Transtornos do Humor/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(12)2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33291508

RESUMO

Angular momentums (AMs) of photons are crucial physical properties exploited in many fields such as optical communication, optical imaging, and quantum information processing. However, the active manipulation (generation, switching, and conversion) of AMs of light on a photonic chip remains a challenge. Here, we propose and numerically demonstrate a reconfigurable graphene-based hybrid plasmonic waveguide (GHPW) with multiple functions for on-chip AMs manipulation. Its physical mechanism lies in creating a switchable phase delay of ±π/2 between the two orthogonal and decomposed linear-polarized waveguide modes and the spin-orbit coupling in the GHPW. For the linear-polarized input light with a fixed polarization angle of 45°, we can simultaneously switch the chirality (with -ћ/+ћ) of the transverse component and the spirality (topological charge ℓ = -1/+1) of the longitudinal component of the output terahertz (THz) light. With a switchable phase delay of ±π in the GHPW, we also developed the function of simultaneous conversion of the charity and spirality for the circular-polarized input light. In addition, a selective linear polarization filtering with a high extinction ratio can be realized. With the above multiple functions, our proposed GHPWs are a promising platform in AMs generation, switching, conversion, and polarization filtering, which will greatly expand its applications in the THz photonic integrated circuits.

10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 7(23): 2001739, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33304748

RESUMO

The rapid, highly sensitive, and accurate detection of bacteria is the focus of various fields, especially food safety and public health. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), with the advantages of being fast, sensitive, and nondestructive, can be used to directly obtain molecular fingerprint information, as well as for the on-line qualitative analysis of multicomponent samples. It has therefore become an effective technique for bacterial detection. Within this progress report, advances in the detection of bacteria using SERS and other compatible techniques are discussed in order to summarize its development in recent years. First, the enhancement principle and mechanism of SERS technology are briefly overviewed. The second part is devoted to a label-free strategy for the detection of bacterial cells and bacterial metabolites. In this section, important considerations that must be made to improve bacterial SERS signals are discussed. Then, the label-based SERS strategy involves the design strategy of SERS tags, the immunomagnetic separation of SERS tags, and the capture of bacteria from solution and dye-labeled SERS primers. In the third part, several novel SERS compatible technologies and applications in clinical and food safety are introduced. In the final part, the results achieved are summarized and future perspectives are proposed.

11.
Thorac Cancer ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on clinical, laboratory, and radiographic characteristics and risk factors for in-hospital mortality of lung cancer patients with COVID-19 are scarce. Here, we aimed to characterize the early clinical features of lung cancer patients with COVID-19 and identify risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality. METHODS: All consecutive lung cancer patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 admitted to 12 hospitals in Hubei province, China, from 3 January to 6 May 2020 were included in the study. Patients without definite clinical outcomes during the period were excluded. Data on initial clinical, laboratory and radiographic findings were compared between survivors and nonsurvivors. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to explore the risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: Of the 45 lung cancer patients (median [interquartile range] age, 66 [58-74] years; 68.9% males) included, 34 (75.6%) discharged and 11 (24.4%) died. Fever (73.3%) and cough (53.3%) were the dominant initial symptoms, and respiratory symptoms were common. Lung cancer patients also presented atypical appearances of COVID-19. In the multivariable analysis, prolonged prolongation prothrombin time (PT) (OR = 2.1, 95% CI: 1.00-4.41, P = 0.0497) and elevated high sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-TNI) (OR = 7.65, 95% CI: 1.24-47.39, P = 0.0287) were associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Lung cancer patients with COVID-19 have high in-hospital mortality. Prolonged PT and elevated hs-TNI are independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality of lung cancer patients with COVID-19. KEY POINTS: SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: Lung cancer patients with COVID-19 have atypical early symptoms and imaging features. The prolonged prothrombin time and elevated high sensitivity cardiac troponin I are independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality of lung cancer patients with COVID-19. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: This study characterizes the early clinical features of lung cancer patients with COVID-19 in China, and identifies the risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality of lung cancer patients with COVID-19.

12.
Front Psychiatry ; 11: 581061, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33192726

RESUMO

Background: Immunological and inflammatory mechanisms play an important role in schizophrenia. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a value obtained by dividing the absolute number of neutrophils by the absolute lymphocyte count and represents a biomarker of systemic inflammatory response. There are studies investigating NLR association with psychopathology. However, the relationship has been only studied in small numbers of patients with schizophrenia, which leads to conflicting results and makes the meta-analytic data difficult to interpret. The aim of this study is to perform large-scale cross-sectional analysis on the potential correlation between NLR and disease severity in schizophrenic patients with or without medication. Methods: This cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted in Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Brain Hospital. We identified inpatients with schizophrenia between July 12, 2018 and March 27, 2019 and collected data of NLR, the Clinical Global Impression Severity scale (CGI-S) score and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) score. Results: The records of 1,144 identified patients (10.8% drug-free patients) were analyzed. We found that NLR was significantly decreased in schizophrenic patients after antipsychotic administration and there was the discrepant correlation between NLR and psychiatric symptoms in patients with or without antipsychotic medication. The results of multivariate logistic regressions showed that NLR was positively associated with the severity of disease (i.e., the CGI-S score and the BPRS total score) in drug-free patients, and it was negatively associated with the BPRS negative symptoms (i.e., the BPRS negative symptoms score) in drug-therapy patients. Conclusion: The study is the first to confirm the hypothesis that NLR is independently associated with severe psychopathology in schizophrenia and is changed by antipsychotic administration.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33245542

RESUMO

Air quality in China is increasingly improving, but the situation facing the atmosphere environment is still dire. Regional atmospheric environmental problems characterized by PM2.5 pollutants are becoming increasingly prominent, especially in the Jing-Jin-Ji (3J) region. This study employs the generalized Divisia index approach to decompose the factors that influence the changes of PM2.5 emission in the 3J region. It is divided into 8 factors: scale effect of regional economy, scale effect of regional energy consumption, scale effect of investment in treatment of environment pollution (ITEP), technology effect of energy efficient utilization, technology effect of clean energy utilization technology, the intensity effect of regional green economic development, the intensity effect of investment in treatment of regional PM2.5 emission, and the intensity effect of regional environmental regulation. To identify the vital driving force of the change of PM2.5 emission, the contribution of each driving factor of PM2.5 emission variation is analyzed. The results show that the factors affecting the change of PM2.5 emission are almost the same, but the contribution of each factor is apparently different in the 3J region. The level of regional economic development and the scale of energy consumption promoted the increase of PM2.5 emission in the region. The growth of PM2.5 emission can be effectively controlled by green economic development intensity, energy clean utilization technology, environmental regulation intensity, and the intensity of investment in treatment of PM2.5 emission. Energy efficiency has a slight effect on the changes of PM2.5 emission. ITEP has a negative effect on the changes of PM2.5 emission. In the future, the 3J region needs to optimize the structure of ITEP further and implement the refinement and precision of pollution treatment. Moreover, it also needs to promote the development of energy clean and efficient use of technological innovation to drive PM2.5 emission reduction.

14.
Anal Chem ; 92(22): 15050-15058, 2020 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103897

RESUMO

Human monoamine oxidases (MAOs) play important roles in maintaining the homeostasis of biogenic amines. One of its isoforms, monoamine oxidase B (MAOB), is thought to be involved in several neurodegenerative diseases, which make the selective detection of MAOB activity essential. In this work, a novel surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensor was fabricated and the MAOB activity was specifically determined by detecting the SERS signals of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction product via an amine-aldehyde click reaction. This process was simply achieved by coating core-shell gold-silver nanoparticles (Au@Ag NPs) on 3-aminopropyl aminopropyl triethoxysilane (APTES)-modified glass, and then, a monolayer of cysteamine (CA) was attached to the nanoparticle surface as a linker through Ag-S bonds. Using phenethylamine (PA) as a specific substrate of MAOB, the enzyme product phenylacetaldehyde (PAA) will produce significant Raman signals via the amine-aldehyde click reaction with CA, while other molecules, such as MAOB and PA, have no signal output because they cannot form close interaction with nanoparticles due to the existence of a CA layer. This sensor was further used for the specific determination of MAOB activity in clinical blood samples and the MAOB inhibitor assessment successfully. Meanwhile, by changing the click reaction types and taking advantage of the SERS fingerprint peaks for the specific click reaction products, this strategy offers huge potential to detect multiple enzyme activities simultaneously and can be used for new click reaction screening, enzyme-related disease diagnosis, drug screening, and clinical diagnosis.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33097410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Observational studies and clinical trials have shown cardiovascular benefits of nut consumption, including walnuts. However, the relations of walnut consumption with systolic and diastolic function, risk factors for heart failure, are unknown. We examined the associations of walnut consumption with cardiac structure and function parameters in black and white adults enrolled in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. METHODS AND RESULTS: After exclusions, the study population included 3341 participants. Dietary intake was assessed using the CARDIA Diet History questionnaire at baseline, year 7 and year 20 exams. Cardiac structure and function were measured by echocardiography at year 25. Multivariable linear regression evaluated the associations of walnut consumption with blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and cardiac phenotypes, adjusting for age, sex, race, lifestyle habits, and clinical characteristics. We found the majority of walnut consumers compared to non-consumers were females, whites, and more highly educated, and had lower waist circumference, diastolic BP, and heart rate, and higher diet quality score. Even though cardiac structure and function measures were generally within normal ranges among participants, walnut consumers had significantly better values for diastolic function parameters A wave, E/A ratio, septal and lateral e' than non-consumers. Further adjustment for body mass index and diabetes status did not materially change the significance between walnut consumer groups. Systolic function parameters did not differ by walnut group. CONCLUSION: Compared to non-consumers, walnut consumption is associated with better diastolic dysfunction in young to middle-aged adults.

16.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 12: 234, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33110408

RESUMO

Gait disturbances are important clinical features of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) that increase the risk of falls and disability. Brain structural alterations and gait disturbances in CSVD patients have been well demonstrated. However, intrinsic resting cerebral function patterns in CSVD patients with gait disorders remain largely unknown. Fifty-eight CSVD patients were enrolled in our studies and categorized into the gait disorder group (CSVD-GD, n = 29) and no-gait disorder group (CSVD-NGD, n = 29) based on a gait examination. Gait was quantitatively assessed with the Timed Up and Go test and the intelligent device for energy expenditure and activity (IDEEA). Functional MRI and fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) analyses were employed to explore local intrinsic neural oscillation alterations. Functional connectivity based on fALFF results was calculated to detect the potential changes in remote connectivity. Compared with the CSVD-NGD group, the CSVD-GD group showed decreased fALFF in regions mainly located in the sensorimotor network and frontoparietal network, such as the left supplementary motor area (SMA.L) and the left superior parietal gyrus, and increased fALFF in the right inferior frontal gyrus (orbital part), the left caudate, and the left precuneus. Moreover, the CSVD-GD patients exhibited lower connectivity between the SMA.L and temporal lobe, which was related to gait speed. The fALFF value of the SMA.L was associated with cadence. This study highlights the regional and network interaction abnormalities of the SMA in CSVD patients with gait disturbances. These findings could provide further insight into the neural mechanisms of gait disturbances in CSVD.

17.
Molecules ; 25(19)2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003419

RESUMO

Previous studies showed that aromatic compounds such as lignin, phenols, and furans were main inhibitors of cellulase hydrolysis in recycled alkali black liquor (RBL), which should be removed to improve alkali utilization. In this study, three polymeric resins, XAD-4, XAD-16N, and XAD-7HP, were evaluated for their abilities to remove lignin from alkali black liquor recycled at the third time. Adsorption conditions of adsorbent dose and equilibrium time, isotherms, and kinetics were investigated. Of three tested adsorbents, XAD-16N was the most efficient, which can remove 89.84% of lignin after adsorption at an adsorbent-to-solution ratio of 1:4 for 2.5 h. Pseudo-second-order model was efficient to represent XAD-16N and XAD-7HP adsorption kinetics. Adsorption behavior of XAD-4 on RBL was fitted better to Langmuir model, while XAD-16N and XAD-7HP adsorption were more consistent with Freundlich model. The cellulase hydrolysis rate of corn straw treated with RBL after XAD-16N adsorption combined with ozone was 86.89%, which was only 0.89% lower than that of sodium hydroxide combined with ozone treatment. Structure characterization proved that the damage of XAD-16N adsorbed RBL to corn straw was similar to that of sodium hydroxide. It indicated that adsorption was effective in inhibitor removal from RBL to improve alkali utilization.

19.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1431, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974158

RESUMO

Purpose: Radiation dose used in the neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) for patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) varies in different trials and clinical practice. Methods and Materials: Data from patients diagnosed with ESCC receiving NCRT followed by esophagectomy were retrospectively collected from February 2013 to December 2017. Lower dose (LD) radiotherapy was defined as ≤45 Gy, and >45 Gy was considered as higher dose (HD). Survival rates were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with long-rank test. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify variables associated with survival. Results: A total of 118 patients treated with NCRT were included in our analysis: 62 patients received LD radiotherapy, and 56 patients received HD radiotherapy. The median follow-up time was 24.3 months (0.67-65.3 m). Two-years overall survival (OS) rates were 75.0 and 79.0% in HD and LD group, respectively (P = 0.360), and complete pathological remission (pCR) rates in two groups were 42.9 and 30.6%, respectively (P = 0.17). The incidences of toxic effects including post-operative complications were not significantly different between two groups. Multivariate analysis showed that tumor T stage, M1a disease, smoking history, and pCR rate were significantly associated with OS. Conclusions: In ESCC patients treated with NCRT followed by surgery, higher radiation dose was not significantly associated with a higher pCR rate and longer survival. Lower radiation dose might be a preferable time-dose fraction scheme. Our finding needs to be further validated by randomized trials.

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