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1.
J Invertebr Pathol ; : 107366, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224143

RESUMO

Cytolytic (Cyt)-like genes are reveled to exist widely in bacterial and fungal pathogens through omics analyses, but their insecticidal activities in fungi remains unknown. A full-length coding sequence of a Cyt-like gene was first amplified from Conidiobolus obscurus (an obligate aphid-pathogenic fungus) through RACE (rapid-amplification of cDNA ends). The deduced protein structure was structurally characterized by a single Cyt-typical α/ß domain. The expression level of the Cyt-like gene in conidia correlated well with the fungal virulence against aphids (r2=0.97). The results demonstrate the Cyt-like gene acts as an important virulence factor of C. obscurus against aphids, and hence is potential for exploitation in aphid control.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163943

RESUMO

The relationship between the elastic property of solid materials and friction has been discussed and studied by theoretical calculation and analysis. In the present work, we perform an experimental study concerning this relationship. AFM scanning of four different transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) is conducted under different experimental conditions. It is found that materials with smaller vertical interlayer force constant, which also means smaller elasticity modulus, have larger friction. We attribute this phenomenon to larger elastic deformation in softer materials, which results in larger obstacle to the motion of AFM tips.

3.
Nat Neurosci ; 23(3): 337-350, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112058

RESUMO

Tissue repair after spinal cord injury requires the mobilization of immune and glial cells to form a protective barrier that seals the wound and facilitates debris clearing, inflammatory containment and matrix compaction. This process involves corralling, wherein phagocytic immune cells become confined to the necrotic core, which is surrounded by an astrocytic border. Here we elucidate a temporally distinct gene signature in injury-activated microglia and macrophages (IAMs) that engages axon guidance pathways. Plexin-B2 is upregulated in IAMs and is required for motor sensory recovery after spinal cord injury. Plexin-B2 deletion in myeloid cells impairs corralling, leading to diffuse tissue damage, inflammatory spillover and hampered axon regeneration. Corralling begins early and requires Plexin-B2 in both microglia and macrophages. Mechanistically, Plexin-B2 promotes microglia motility, steers IAMs away from colliding cells and facilitates matrix compaction. Our data therefore establish Plexin-B2 as an important link that integrates biochemical cues and physical interactions of IAMs with the injury microenvironment during wound healing.

4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 232: 118173, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113180

RESUMO

Alternating trilinear decomposition (ATLD) method enables the qualitative and quantitative analysis of excitation-emission matrix fluorescence (EEMF) data acquired from complex samples. However, the impact of diverse background interferences from different sample sources on the performances of ATLD method has never been lucubrated. In this work, simulated and real EEMF data sets from different sample sources with diverse background interferences were collected and subjected to ATLD analysis. The performances of ATLD modeling individual and global EEMF data sets were comprehensively compared in terms of the resolved spectral profiles and quantitative results. It was found that ATLD method can use the same set of calibration samples to resolve and quantify multiple components of interest in multiple complex systems with diverse background interferences, regardless of individual or global modeling. The results revealed that the qualitative and quantitative results provided by ATLD method were affected neither by diversity of background interferences nor by data merging as long as the acquired EEMF data sets conform to the trilinear component model. This property of ATLD method can enrich the "second-order advantage", i.e. the term "unknown interferences" in the concept of "second-order advantage" refers to not only constant background interferences but also diverse background interferences, which will be certain to further expand the practicality of ATLD method in complex sample analysis, especially in the field of fluorescence spectroscopy.

5.
Am J Hum Genet ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220292

RESUMO

Most existing expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) mapping studies have been focused on individuals of European ancestry and are underrepresented in other populations including populations with African ancestry. Lack of large-scale well-powered eQTL mapping studies in populations with African ancestry can both impede the dissemination of eQTL mapping results that would otherwise benefit individuals with African ancestry and hinder the comparable analysis for understanding how gene regulation is shaped through evolution. We fill this critical knowledge gap by performing a large-scale in-depth eQTL mapping study on 1,032 African Americans (AA) and 801 European Americans (EA) in the GENOA cohort. We identified a total of 354,931 eSNPs in AA and 371,309 eSNPs in EA, with 112,316 eSNPs overlapped between the two. We found that eQTL harboring genes (eGenes) are enriched in metabolic pathways and tend to have higher SNP heritability compared to non-eGenes. We found that eGenes that are common in the two populations tend to be less conserved than eGenes that are unique to one population, which are less conserved than non-eGenes. Through conditional analysis, we found that eGenes in AA tend to harbor more independent eQTLs than eGenes in EA, suggesting potentially diverse genetic architecture underlying expression variation in the two populations. Finally, the large sample sizes in GENOA allow us to construct accurate expression prediction models in both AA and EA, facilitating powerful transcriptome-wide association studies. Overall, our results represent an important step toward revealing the genetic architecture underlying expression variation in African Americans.

6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1465, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193374

RESUMO

Genetic variation in the FAM13A (Family with Sequence Similarity 13 Member A) locus has been associated with several glycemic and metabolic traits in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Here, we demonstrate that in humans, FAM13A alleles are associated with increased FAM13A expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and an insulin resistance-related phenotype (e.g. higher waist-to-hip ratio and fasting insulin levels, but lower body fat). In human adipocyte models, knockdown of FAM13A in preadipocytes accelerates adipocyte differentiation. In mice, Fam13a knockout (KO) have a lower visceral to subcutaneous fat (VAT/SAT) ratio after high-fat diet challenge, in comparison to their wild-type counterparts. Subcutaneous adipocytes in KO mice show a size distribution shift toward an increased number of smaller adipocytes, along with an improved adipogenic potential. Our results indicate that GWAS-associated variants within the FAM13A locus alter adipose FAM13A expression, which in turn, regulates adipocyte differentiation and contribute to changes in body fat distribution.

7.
Phytomedicine ; 69: 153185, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dihydroquercetin (DHQ) is an antifibrotic agent. However, whether DHQ can prevent renal fibrosis remains unknown. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of DHQ on tubulointerstitial fibrosis and its underlying mechanisms in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mice in vivo and NRK-49F cells in vitro. METHODS: In vivo, UUO mice received vehicle or DHQ treatment. In vitro, NRK-49F cells were pretreated with DHQ and exposed to transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1). Changes in fibroblast activation, collagen synthesis, oxidative stress, and related signaling pathways were assessed by immunohistochemical staining, Western blot analysis, real-time reverse transcription-PCR, and fluorescence microscopy. RESULTS: UUO induced tubular atrophy, inflammation, fibroblast differentiation into myofibroblast, and collagen deposition, whereas DHQ ameliorated these effects. UUO also resulted in decreased levels of nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), catalase, and heme oxygenase-1, but increased H2O2 and malondialdehyde levels. DHQ treatment corrected these changes. In vitro, the intracellular Nrf2 level of NRK-49F exposed to TGF-ß1 decreased. However, DHQ rescued intracellular Nrf2 level and promoted nuclear translocation of Nrf2. DHQ scavenged TGF-ß1-induced accumulation of reactive oxygen species, inhibited TGF-ß1-induced Smad3 phosphorylation, and prevented TGF-ß1-induced fibroblast activation and collagen synthesis in NRK-49F. Nrf2 knockdown could suppress the DHQ-mediated inhibitory effects on oxidative stress, Smad3 phosphorylation, fibroblast activation, and collagen deposition. Furthermore, DHQ ameliorated established renal fibrosis in UUO mice. CONCLUSIONS: DHQ posed remarkable preventive and therapeutic effects on UUO-induced renal fibrosis and suppressed fibroblast activation by reducing oxidative stress and Smad3 phosphorylation via Nrf2 signaling. This study provided a mechanistic basis for the clinical application of DHQ in renal fibrosis treatment.

8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1585, 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221292

RESUMO

Differential expression (DE) analysis and gene set enrichment (GSE) analysis are commonly applied in single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) studies. Here, we develop an integrative and scalable computational method, iDEA, to perform joint DE and GSE analysis through a hierarchical Bayesian framework. By integrating DE and GSE analyses, iDEA can improve the power and consistency of DE analysis and the accuracy of GSE analysis. Importantly, iDEA uses only DE summary statistics as input, enabling effective data modeling through complementing and pairing with various existing DE methods. We illustrate the benefits of iDEA with extensive simulations. We also apply iDEA to analyze three scRNA-seq data sets, where iDEA achieves up to five-fold power gain over existing GSE methods and up to 64% power gain over existing DE methods. The power gain brought by iDEA allows us to identify many pathways that would not be identified by existing approaches in these data.

9.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e918216, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Chemoresistance is a primary hindrance for current cancer treatments. The influence of abnormal mitochondria in chemotherapy resistance is not well known. To explore the correlation between mitochondria and acquired chemoresistance, this work studied alterations in mitochondrial dynamics, biogenesis, and functions for paclitaxel-resistant cancer cell line A549/Taxol and its parental line A549. MATERIAL AND METHODS Mitochondrial morphology was observed by transmission electron microscopy and confocal microscopy. We measured the mitochondrial mass and mitochondrial membrane potential using fluorescent dyes. The glucose metabolic profile and ATP (adenosine triphosphate) content were determined by bioluminescent cell assays. Seahorse bio-energy analyzer XF24 was used to detect the mitochondrial respiratory function. The expressions of mitochondrial dynamics and biogenesis related genes were quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS We observed fusion morphology of the mitochondrial network in A549/Taxol cells, with upregulation of fusion genes (Mfn1 and Mfn2) and downregulation of fission gene Fis1. In A549/Taxol cells, mitochondrial mass showed a significant decrease, while the mitochondrial biogenesis pathway was strongly activated. Despite the decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, the capability for mitochondrial respiration was not impaired in A549/Taxol cells. CONCLUSIONS Our study revealed a series changes of mitochondrial characteristics in paclitaxel-resistant cells. Mfn1 and Mfn2 and PGC-1alpha increased, while Fis1 expression and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation decreased in A549/Taxol cell lines. These changes to mitochondrial fusion, fission, and biological function contributed to the occurrence of paclitaxel resistance in tumor cells which induced paclitaxel resistance.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Biogênese de Organelas , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Células A549 , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial , Microscopia Confocal , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo
10.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 73, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131872

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patient safety and critical care quality remain a challenging issue in the ICU. However, the effects of the national quality improvement (QI) program remain unknown in China. METHODS: A national ICU QI program was implemented in a controlled cohort of 586 hospitals from 2016 to 2018. The effects of the QI program on critical care quality were comprehensively investigated. MAIN RESULTS: A total of 81,461,554 patients were enrolled in 586 hospitals, and 1,587,724 patients were admitted to the ICU over 3 years. In 2018, there was a significantly higher number of ICU beds (2016 vs. 2018: 10668 vs. 13,661, P = 0.0132) but a lower doctor-to-bed ratio (2016 vs. 2018: 0.64 (0.50, 0.83) vs. 0.60 (0.45, 0.75), P = 0.0016) and nurse-to-bed ratio (2016 vs. 2018: 2.00 (1.64, 2.50) vs. 2.00 (1.50, 2.40), P = 0.031) than in 2016. Continuous and significant improvements in the ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) incidence rate, microbiology detection rate before antibiotic use and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis rate were associated with the implementation of the QI program (VAP incidence rate (per 1000 ventilator-days), 2016 vs. 2017 vs. 2018: 11.06 (4.23, 22.70) vs. 10.20 (4.25, 23.94) vs. 8.05 (3.13, 17.37), P = 0.0002; microbiology detection rate before antibiotic use (%), 2016 vs. 2017 vs. 2018: 83.91 (49.75, 97.87) vs. 84.14 (60.46, 97.24) vs. 90.00 (69.62, 100), P < 0.0001; DVT prophylaxis rate, 2016 vs. 2017 vs. 2018: 74.19 (33.47, 96.16) vs. 71.70 (38.05, 96.28) vs. 83.27 (47.36, 97.77), P = 0.0093). Moreover, the 6-h SSC bundle compliance rates in 2018 were significantly higher than those in 2016 (6-h SSC bundle compliance rate, 2016 vs. 2018: 64.93 (33.55, 93.06) vs. 76.19 (46.88, 96.67)). A significant change trend was not found in the ICU mortality rate from 2016 to 2018 (ICU mortality rate (%), 2016 vs. 2017 vs. 2018: 8.49 (4.42, 14.82) vs. 8.95 (4.89, 15.70) vs. 9.05 (5.12, 15.80), P = 0.1075). CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between medical human resources and ICU overexpansion was mismatched during the past 3 years. The implementation of a national QI program improved ICU performance but did not reduce ICU mortality.

11.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 82, 2020 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postextubation high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is used as a support therapy in high-risk patients in ICU. This study aimed to determine the effects of HFNC therapy on lung recruitment and overdistension assessed by electrical impedance tomography (EIT). METHODS: Twenty-four patients who received HFNC within 24 h after extubation were prospectively enrolled in this study. EIT was used to monitor regional lung ventilation distributions at baseline (conventional oxygen therapy) and three flow rate levels of HFNC therapy (20, 40, and 60 L/min). Change of end-expiratory lung impedance (ΔEELI), regional recruitment (recruited-pixels) and overdistension (overdistended-pixels), and lung strain change were determined by EIT. EIT images were equally divided into four ventral-to-dorsal horizontal regions of interest (ROIs 1, 2, 3, and 4). "Overdistension-by HFNC" due to HFNC is defined as an increase of overdistened-pixels > 10 than baseline. Patients were divided into two groups: (1) high potential of recruitment (HPR), recruited-pixels > 10 pixels at 60 L/min than baseline, and (2) low potential of recruitment (LPR), recruited-pixels < 10 pixels at 60 L/min than baseline. RESULTS: When the flow rate gradually increased from baseline to 60 L/min, a significant and consistent increasing trend of global ΔEELI (%) (p < 0.0001), recruited-pixels (p < 0.001), and overdistended-pixels (p = 0.101) was observed. Moreover, the increase of ΔEELI was mainly distributed in ROI2 (p = 0.001) and ROI3 (p < 0.0001). The HPR group (13/24 patients) had significantly higher recruited-pixels than the LPR group (11/24 patients) at 20, 40, and 60 L/min. There were no significant differences in PaO2/FiO2, ΔEELI (%), and overdistention pixels between the two groups. The HPR group had 13 patients in which no one had "overdistension-by HFNC", and the LPR group had 11 patients in which 4 patients had "overdistension-by HFNC" (0/13 vs. 4/11, p = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: Using EIT could identify diverse effects of HFNC on lung regional ventilation in postextubation situations. Further study is required to validate using "HFNC effect" based on lung recruitment and overdistension by EIT in clinical practice. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was retrospectively registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov (no. NCT04245241).

12.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187443

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Induced apoptosis mechanism is an intriguing and effective manner that can reprogram cellular physiological and pathological processes to eradicate the undesired cells by their innate systems. Inspired by this opinion, numerous apoptosis inducers have been developed to treat animal diseases, especially in anticancer field. However, few studies reported to develop that kind of inductive agents for attacking plant pathogens by activation of apoptosis. With the aim of exploring and discovering abovementioned apoptosis inducers targeting phytopathogens, herein, a cluster of piperazine-tailored ursolic acid (UA) hybrids was systematically fabricated. RESULTS: In vitro testing announced that title molecules could inhibit the growth of two intractable bacterial strains, defined as Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae and X. axonopodis pv. citri. The corresponding lowest EC50 values were 0.37 and 1.08 µg/mL, which exceeded those of UA (> 400 µg/mL) and positive controls. Moreover, compounds 5u and 5v could manage bacterial blight in vivo using pot experiments. Flow cytometer analysis indicted that title compounds could induce distinct apoptotic behaviors on tested bacteria. In-depth study revealed that the introduction of designed compounds could reduce the enzyme activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase, and subsequently leading to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species. CONCLUSION: This study can promote the development of apoptosis initiators for managing bacterial infections in agriculture by an innovative mode of action. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(3): 197, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198344

RESUMO

The Shwachman-Bodian Diamond syndrome (SBDS)-associated gene, SBDS, is involved in rRNA synthesis and ribosome maturation, but the role of SBDS in cancer is largely elusive. In this study, we found that SBDS is often overexpressed or amplified in human cancers, and high level of endogenous SBDS is significantly associated with unfavorable prognosis. Conversely, knockdown of SBDS leads to p53 stabilization and activation through the ribosomal stress-RPL5/RPL11-MDM2 pathway, resulting in the repression of cancer cell proliferation and invasion. Interestingly, ectopic SBDS in the nucleoplasm also suppresses tumor cell growth and proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, ectopically expressed SBDS triggered by, for example, ribosomal stress binds to the transactivation domain of p53 and perturbs the MDM2-p53 interaction, consequently leading to impaired p53 ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Altogether, our finding for the first time demonstrates the dual functions of SBDS in cancer development by coordinating ribosome biogenesis and p53 activity.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182415

RESUMO

Dendritic large-pore mesoporous silica nanoparticles (DLMSN) is an important biodegradable drug carrier due to its high porosity, which can be prepared by coassembly of a major template and an auxiliary template in aqueous solution, followed by hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS). The auxiliary template is key to obtaining dendritic large-pore structures; however, how to choose the auxiliary template to obtain the desired pore structure is largely unknown. This is because the formation mechanism of DLMSN is still not clear. In this study, a series of therapeutic agent molecules were used as the auxiliary templates to study the control of the pore morphology of DLMSN. Transmission electron microscopy observation and theoretical modeling were used to study the micelle formation, and early stage silica formation was also observed. It is proposed that the silica branches and sheets formed by hydrolysis of TEOS on single micelle and micelle bundles, which formed the initial nanoparticles with spherical structures and new silica species growing on the early formed particles to form DLMSN. The fine control of pore morphology was demonstrated by using auxiliary templates with different structural characteristics, which were used for selective drug loading. This work provides a design strategy of how to choose suitable auxiliary templates for preparing DLMSN with desired pore structure for biomedical applications.

16.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(11): 5617-5623, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132205

RESUMO

As a strategy for regulating entropy, thermal annealing is a commonly adopted approach for controlling dynamic pathways in colloid assembly. By coupling DNA strand-displacement circuits with DNA-functionalized colloid assembly, we developed an enthalpy-mediated strategy for achieving the same goal while working at a constant temperature. Using this tractable approach allows colloidal bonding to be programmed for synchronization with colloid assembly, thereby realizing the optimal programmability of DNA-functionalized colloids. We applied this strategy to conditionally activate colloid assembly and dynamically switch colloid identities by reconfiguring DNA molecular architectures, thereby achieving orderly structural transformations; leveraging the advantage of room-temperature assembly, we used this method to prepare a lattice of temperature-sensitive proteins and gold nanoparticles. This approach bridges two subfields: dynamic DNA nanotechnology and DNA-functionalized colloid programming.

17.
Postgrad Med J ; 2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) has received widespread attention in recent years. There is currently a lack of valuable predictors for the prognosis of this disease. Here, we aimed to identify a non-invasive scoring system that can effectively predict 1-year rehospitalisation for patients with HFpEF. METHODS: We included 151 consecutive patients with HFpEF in a prospective cohort study and investigated the association between H2FPEF score and 1-year readmission for heart failure using multivariate Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Our findings indicated that obesity, age >70 years, treatment with ≥2 antihypertensives, echocardiographic E/e' ratio >9 and pulmonary artery pressure >35 mm Hg were independent predictors of 1-year readmission. Three models (support vector machine, decision tree in R and Cox regression analysis) proved that H2FPEF score could effectively predict 1-year readmission for patients with HFpEF (area under the curve, 0.910, 0.899 and 0.771, respectively; p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that the H2FPEF score has excellent predictive value for 1-year rehospitalisation of patients with HFpEF.

18.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(9): 1800-1805, 2020 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080693

RESUMO

The synthesis of thiophene C-nucleoside analogues bearing sugar residues (mono- and disaccharides) and aromatic residues has been achieved by symmetric dimerization of terminal sugar alkynes or unsymmetric dimerization of terminal sugar alkynes and substituted iodoethynylbenzene followed by sulfur heterocyclization in one pot. Homocoupling of terminal sugar alkynes and subsequent sulfur heterocyclization produce thiophene C-nucleoside analogues bearing disaccharides. Unsymmetric dimerization of terminal sugar alkynes and substituted iodoethynylbenzene followed by sulfur heterocyclization give thiophene C-nucleoside analogues bearing monosaccharide and aromatic residues. This approach is concise, general and mild, and is suitable for structurally diverse pyranosides, furanosides, and acyclic sugars. Thirty-two examples have been given and the corresponding products are obtained in moderate to excellent yields.

19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 524(3): 730-735, 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035620

RESUMO

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) play pivotal roles in controlling the stability and activity of the tumor suppressor p53 in response to distinct stressors. Here we report an unexpected finding of a short chain fatty acid modification of p53 in human cells. Crotonic acid (CA) treatment induces p53 crotonylation, but surprisingly reduces its protein, but not mRNA level, leading to inhibition of p53 activity in a dose dependent fashion. Surprisingly this crotonylation targets serine 46, instead of any predicted lysine residues, of p53, as detected in TCEP-probe labeled crotonylation and anti-crotonylated peptide antibody reaction assays. This is further confirmed by substitution of serine 46 with alanine, which abolishes p53 crotonylation in vitro and in cells. CA increases p53-dependent glycolytic activity, and augments cancer cell proliferation in response to metabolic or DNA damage stress. Since serine 46 is only found in human p53, our studies unveil an unconventional PTM unique for human p53, impairing its activity in response to CA. Because CA is likely produced by the gut microbiome, our results also predict that this type of PTM might play a role in early human colorectal neoplasia development by negating p53 activity without mutation of this tumor suppressor gene.

20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(8): 2340-2346, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017553

RESUMO

Ralstonia solanacearum is an extremely destructive and rebellious phytopathogen that can cause bacterial wilt diseases in more than 200 plant species. To explore and discover the potential targets in R. solanacearum for the purpose of developing new agrochemicals targeting this infection, here, we exploited a typical activity-based protein profiling technique for target discovery in R. solanacearum based on an activity-based probe 1 derived from bioactive oxadiazole sulfones. A total of 65 specific targets were identified with high confidence through a quantitative chemical proteomic approach. Three representative proteins (glycine cleavage system H protein, thiol peroxidase, and dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase) were validated as the targets by using the immunoblotting analysis with their respective antibodies. Additionally, the in vitro interaction between the recombinant thiol peroxidase and probe 1 further confirmed that this protein was a target of oxadiazole sulfones. We anticipated that these discovered protein targets in R. solanacearum can stimulate the discovery and development of novel agrochemicals targeting bacterial infections caused by R. solanacearum.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/antagonistas & inibidores , Oxidiazóis/farmacologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Ralstonia solanacearum/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfonas/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Proteômica , Ralstonia solanacearum/genética , Ralstonia solanacearum/metabolismo
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