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1.
Inorg Chem ; 56(5): 2481-2489, 2017 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28199094

RESUMO

Two novel POM-based inorganic-organic hybrids, [Cu6II(2,2'-bipy)6(Mo6O22)(SiW12O40)]n (1), and {[Cu6II(ppz)6(H2O)5(MoO4)(SiW12O40)]·4H2O}n (2) (2,2'-bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine, Hppz = 3-(pyrid-2-yl)pyrazole), have been constructed from heteropolytungstates and molybdates. Two compounds have been identified by single crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, and FT-IR. Compound 1 shows a 1D (one-dimensional) chain structure constructed from classical Keggin heteropolytungstate [SiW12O40]4- clusters and [Cu6(2,2'-bipy)6] modified isopolymolybdates [Mo6O22]8-. Compound 2 also represents a 1D chain-like motif built from classical Keggin heteropolytungstate [SiW12O40]4- clusters and [Cu8(ppz)6(H2O)5] modified molybdates MoO42-. Compound 1 represents the first example of POM-based inorganic-organic hybrid with mixed heteropolytungstates and isopolymolybdates. ESI-MS (electrospray ionization mass spectrometry) technique was employed to reveal the species and their evolutions in the hydrothermal reaction, whereby trivacant [SiW9] building block gradually transforms to classical Keggin [SiW12] during assembly process. Furthermore, the electrocatalytic and magnetic properties were discussed in details.

2.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 158: 81-8, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26954232

RESUMO

To date, the response of the fern gametophyte to its environment has received considerable attention. However, studies on the influence of plant invasion on the fern gametophyte are fewer. Allelopathy has been hypothesized to play an important role in biological invasion. Hence, it is necessary to study the allelopathy of invasive plant species to the fern gametophyte and elucidate the mechanisms by which invasive plants cause phytotoxicity. As one of the main invasive plants in China, Bidens pilosa exhibits allelopathic effects on the gametophytic growth of Pteris multifida. The root exudate plays an important role among various allelochemical delivery mechanisms in B. pilosa. The effect invasive plant species has on photosynthesis in native species is poorly understood. To elucidate this effect, the changes in photosynthesis in the gametophytes of P. multifida are analyzed to examine the mechanisms of the root exudates of B. pilosa. Meanwhile, a non-invasive plant, Coreopsis basalis, was also applied to investigate the effects on fluorescence and pigments in P. multifida gametophytes. We found that gametophytes exposed to both B. pilosa and C. basalis had decreased fluorescence parameters in comparison with the control, except for non-photochemical quenching. Furthermore, it was found that these parameters were markedly affected from day 2 to day 10 in the presence of both exudates at a concentration of 25% or above. B. pilosa exudate had a negative dose-dependent effect on chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, carotenoid, and the total chlorophyll in the gametophyte. The inhibitory effects increased with increasing exudate concentrations of both species, exhibiting the greatest inhibition at day 10. In conclusion, B. pilosa irreversibly affected the photosynthesis of P. multifida on both PS I and PS II. Root exudates caused the primary damage with respect to the decrease of the acceptors and donors of photon and electron in photosynthetic units and the production and the relative yield of photochemical quantum in PS II. With the effects of exudates, part of the energy is released as heat in chloroplasts. The comparison of invasive and non-invasive plants in allelopathic experiments demonstrated that invasive plants were responsible for the critical damage to the photosynthetic process in local species.


Assuntos
Células Germinativas Vegetais/metabolismo , Espécies Introduzidas , Fotossíntese , Pteris/metabolismo , Transporte de Elétrons , Pigmentos Biológicos/metabolismo , Pteris/genética , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
3.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 108(6): 1365-1372, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26377575

RESUMO

A novel filamentous actinobacterium, designated strain DHS C013(T), was isolated from limestone collected in Guizhou Province, South-west China. Morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics of the strain support its assignment to the genus Lentzea. Phylogenetic analyses showed that strain DHS C013(T) is closely related to Lentzea jiangxiensis FXJ1.034(T) (98.7 % 16S rRNA gene similarity) and Lentzea flaviverrucosa 4.0578(T) (98.0 % 16S rRNA gene similarity), but it can be distinguished from these strains based on low levels of DNA:DNA relatedness (~44 and ~37 %, respectively). Physiological and biochemical tests also allowed phenotypic differentiation of the novel strain from these closely related species. On the basis of the evidence presented here, strain DHS C013(T) is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Lentzea, for which the name Lentzea guizhouensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DHS C013(T) (=KCTC 29677(T) = CGMCC 4.7203(T)).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Microbiologia Ambiental , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/fisiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Carbonato de Cálcio , China , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 108(1): 31-9, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25896308

RESUMO

A novel actinomycete, designated strain KLBMP S0043(T), was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Artemisia Linn. collected from the coastal region of Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province, in east China and was studied in detail for its taxonomic position. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain KLBMP S0043(T) is a member of the genus Nocardia. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity indicated that strain KLBMP S0043(T) is closely related to Nocardia asteroides NBRC 15531(T) (97.61 %) and Nocardia neocaledoniensis SBHR OA6(T) (97.38 %); similarity to other type strains of the genus Nocardia was found to be less than 97.2 %. The organism has chemical and morphological features consistent with its classification in the genus Nocardia such as meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell wall peptidoglycan and arabinose and galactose as the diagnostic sugars. The predominant menaquinone was identified as MK-8(H4ω-cycl). Mycolic acids were detected. The diagnostic phospholipids were found to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The predominant cellular fatty acids were identified as C16:0, C18:0, C18:1ω9c, 10-methyl C18:0 [tuberculostearic acid (TBSA)] and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 71.4 mol%. The results of DNA-DNA hybridization and physiological and biochemical tests allowed genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of the strain from its most closely related strains. Based on morphological, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain KLBMP S0043(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Nocardia, for which the name Nocardia rhizosphaerae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KLBMP S0043(T) (=CGMCC 4.7204 (T) = KCTC 29678(T)).


Assuntos
Nocardia/classificação , Nocardia/isolamento & purificação , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Artemisia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Carboidratos/análise , Parede Celular/química , China , Análise por Conglomerados , Citosol/química , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Nocardia/genética , Nocardia/fisiologia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análise
5.
Nat Commun ; 5: 4213, 2014 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25055053

RESUMO

Quantum computers promise to efficiently solve important problems that are intractable on a conventional computer. For quantum systems, where the physical dimension grows exponentially, finding the eigenvalues of certain operators is one such intractable problem and remains a fundamental challenge. The quantum phase estimation algorithm efficiently finds the eigenvalue of a given eigenvector but requires fully coherent evolution. Here we present an alternative approach that greatly reduces the requirements for coherent evolution and combine this method with a new approach to state preparation based on ansätze and classical optimization. We implement the algorithm by combining a highly reconfigurable photonic quantum processor with a conventional computer. We experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of this approach with an example from quantum chemistry--calculating the ground-state molecular energy for He-H(+). The proposed approach drastically reduces the coherence time requirements, enhancing the potential of quantum resources available today and in the near future.

6.
Nat Commun ; 2: 413, 2011 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21811242

RESUMO

Although quantum computers promise significant advantages, the complexity of quantum algorithms remains a major technological obstacle. We have developed and demonstrated an architecture-independent technique that simplifies adding control qubits to arbitrary quantum operations-a requirement in many quantum algorithms, simulations and metrology. The technique, which is independent of how the operation is done, does not require knowledge of what the operation is, and largely separates the problems of how to implement a quantum operation in the laboratory and how to add a control. Here, we demonstrate an entanglement-based version in a photonic system, realizing a range of different two-qubit gates with high fidelity.

7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 22(10): 2567-73, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22263459

RESUMO

Taking the typical forest types Pinus elliottii var. elliotttii, Araucaria cunninghamii, and Agathis australis in southern Queensland of Australia as test objects, an investigation was made on the soil soluble organic carbon (SOC) and nitrogen (SON), microbial biomass C (MBC) and N (MBN), and enzyme activities, aimed to understand the effects of forest type on soil quality. In the three forests, soil SOC content was 552-1154 mg kg(-1), soil SON content was 20.11-57.32 mg kg(-1), soil MBC was 42-149 mg kg(-1), soil MBN was 7-35 mg kg(-1), soil chitinase (CAS) activity was 2.96-7.63 microg g(-1) h(-1), soil leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) activity was 0.18-0.46 microg g(-1) d(-1), soil acid phosphatase (ACP) activity was 16.5-29.6 microg g(-1) h(-1), soil alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activity was 0.79-3.42 microg g(-1) h(-1), and soil beta-glucosidase (BG) activity was 3.71-9.93 microg g(-1) h(-1). There was a significant correlation between soil MBC and MBN. Soil SOC content and soil CAS and LAP activities decreased in the order of P. elliottii > A. cunninghamii > A. australis, soil SON content decreased in the order of A. cunninghamii > A. australis > P. elliottii and was significantly higher in A. cunninghamii than in P. elliottii forest (P < 0.05), soil MBC and MBN and AKP activity decreased in the order of A. australis > P. elliottii > A. cunninghamii, and soil ACP and BG activities decreased in the order of P. elliottii > A. australis > A. cunninghamii. Among the test soil biochemical factors, soil MBC, MBN, SON, and LAP had greater effects on the soil quality under the test forest types.


Assuntos
Enzimas/metabolismo , Compostos Orgânicos/análise , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/análise , Árvores/classificação , Fosfatase Ácida/metabolismo , Biomassa , Quitinases/metabolismo , Cunninghamia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Leucil Aminopeptidase/metabolismo , Pinus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento
8.
Science ; 329(5998): 1500-3, 2010 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20847264

RESUMO

Quantum walks of correlated particles offer the possibility of studying large-scale quantum interference; simulating biological, chemical, and physical systems; and providing a route to universal quantum computation. We have demonstrated quantum walks of two identical photons in an array of 21 continuously evanescently coupled waveguides in a SiO(x)N(y) chip. We observed quantum correlations, violating a classical limit by 76 standard deviations, and found that the correlations depended critically on the input state of the quantum walk. These results present a powerful approach to achieving quantum walks with correlated particles to encode information in an exponentially larger state space.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 102(3): 030502, 2009 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19257336

RESUMO

Anyons are exotic quasiparticles living in two dimensions that do not fit into the usual categories of fermions and bosons, but obey a new form of fractional statistics. Following a recent proposal [Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 150404 (2007)], we present an experimental demonstration of the fractional statistics of anyons in the Kitaev spin lattice model using a photonic quantum simulator. We dynamically create the ground state and excited states (which are six-qubit graph states) of the Kitaev model Hamiltonian, and implement the anyonic braiding and fusion operations by single-qubit rotations. A phase shift of pi related to the anyon braiding is observed, confirming the prediction of the fractional statistics of Abelian 1/2 anyons.

10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 105(32): 11050-4, 2008 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18682562

RESUMO

The fundamental unit for quantum computing is the qubit, an isolated, controllable two-level system. However, for many proposed quantum computer architectures, especially photonic systems, the qubits can be lost or can leak out of the desired two-level systems, posing a significant obstacle for practical quantum computation. Here, we experimentally demonstrate, both in the quantum circuit model and in the one-way quantum computer model, the smallest nontrivial quantum codes to tackle this problem. In the experiment, we encode single-qubit input states into highly entangled multiparticle code words, and we test their ability to protect encoded quantum information from detected 1-qubit loss error. Our results prove in-principle the feasibility of overcoming the qubit loss error by quantum codes.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Computação , Modelos Teóricos , Teoria Quântica
11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 96(22): 220504, 2006 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16803294

RESUMO

We report an experimental demonstration of a bit-flip error-rejection protocol for error-reduced transfer of quantum information through a noisy quantum channel. In the experiment, an unknown state to be transmitted is encoded into a two-photon entangled state, which is then sent through an engineered noisy quantum channel. At the final stage, the unknown state is decoded by a parity measurement, successfully rejecting the erroneous transmission over the noisy quantum channel.

12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 95(20): 200502, 2005 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16384043

RESUMO

Quantum secret sharing (QSS) and third-man quantum cryptography (TQC) are essential for advanced quantum communication; however, the low intensity and fragility of the multiphoton entanglement source in previous experiments have made their realization an extreme experimental challenge. Here, we develop and exploit an ultrastable high intensity source of four-photon entanglement to report an experimental realization of QSS and TQC. The technology developed in our experiment will be important for future multiparty quantum communication.

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 95(3): 030502, 2005 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16090727

RESUMO

We report an experimental realization of both optimal asymmetric cloning and telecloning of single photons by making use of partial teleportation of an unknown state. In the experiment, we demonstrate that, conditioned on the success of partial teleportation of single photons, not only the optimal asymmetric cloning can be accomplished, but also one of two outputs can be transferred to a distant location, realizing the telecloning. The experimental results represent a novel way to achieve quantum cloning and may have potential applications in the context of quantum communication.

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