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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930674

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a human hepatotropic virus. However, HBV infection also occurs at extrahepatic sites, but the relevant host factors required for HBV infection in non-hepatic cells are only partially understood. In this article, a non-hepatic cell culture model is constructed by exogenous expression of four host genes (NTCP, HNF4α, RXRα and PPARα) in human non-hepatic 293T cells. This cell culture model supports HBV entry, transcription and replication, as evidenced by the detection of HBV pgRNA, HBV cccDNA, HBsAg, HBeAg, HBcAg and HBVDNA. Our results suggest that the above cellular factors may play a key role in HBV infection of non-hepatic cells. This model will facilitate the identification of host genes that support extrahepatic HBV infection.

2.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 59-66, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930901

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of catgut embedding at back-shu points on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in rats based on IKK/IKB/NF-κB signaling pathway and downstream inflammatory factors. METHODS: Eighty SPF SD rats were selected, among them 10 rats were selected divided into a normal group (group A), and the remaining 70 rats were fed with high-fat diet to establish NASH model. At the end of 12 weeks, 10 rats were randomly selected to verify whether the model establishment was successful. Then the remaining 60 rats were randomly divided into a model group (group B), a catgut embedding at back-shu points group (group C), a catgut embedding at abdominal points group (group D), an acupuncture at back-shu points group (group E), a sham catgut embedding group (group F) and a western medication group (group G), 10 rats in each group. The rats in the group C were treated with catgut embedding at "Ganshu" (BL 18), "Pishu" (BL 20), "Weishu" (BL 21) and "Shenshu" (BL 23); the rats in the group D were treated with catgut embedding at "Daheng" (SP 15), "Fujie" (SP 14), "Huaroumen" (ST 24) and "Tianshu" (ST 25); the rats in the group E were treated with acupuncture at the same acupoints as the group C; the rats in the group F were treated with catgut embedding at back-shu points but the needle did not enter subcutaneous tissue gamma; the rats in the group G were treated with intragastric administration of vitamin E capsule. All the treatment was given for 4 weeks. The rats in the group A were fed with normal diet until the end of 16 weeks without any intervention. The rats in the group B continued to be fed with high-fat diet until the end of 16 weeks. After the intervention, the liver index was calculated; the liver histomorphology was observed by HE staining; the liver function [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma glutamyl transferase (γ-GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP)] and blood lipid [serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL)] were measured by serum biochemistry. The serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ßwere detected by ELISA, and the expressions of IKK-α, NF-κBp65, IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α proteins in liver tissue were detected by Western blot. The temperature of the conception vessel and the governor vessel was measured by infrared thermography. RESULTS: Compared with the group A, the obvious steatosis and inflammatory cell infiltration were observed in the group B, and the body weight, liver wet-weight and liver index were all increased (P<0.01). Compared with the group B, the liver tissue morphology in the group C, the group D, the group E and the group G was improved in varying degrees, and the liver index was decreased (P<0.05), which was the most significant in the group C (P<0.05). Compared with the group A, the ALT, γ-GGT, ALP, TG, TC, LDL, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß were all increased in the group B (P<0.01); compared with the group B, the ALT, γ-GGT, ALP, TG, TC, LDL, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß in all intervention groups were all decreased in varying degrees (P<0.01, P<0.05), which was the most significant in the group C (P<0.01). Compare with the group A, the expressions of IKK-α, NF-κBp65, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ßproteins in the group B were all increased (P<0.01); compared with the group B, the expressions of IKK-α, NF-κBp65, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ßproteins in all intervention groups were decreased in varying degrees (P<0.05), which was the most significant in the group C (P<0.01). Compared with the group A, the temperature of the conception vessel and governor vessel was decreased in the group B (P<0.01). Compared with the group B, the temperature of the conception vessel and governor vessel was all increased in the group C, the group D and the group E (P<0.01); the temperature of the conception vessel in the group C was similar to that in the group D (P>0.05), while the temperature of the governor vessel in the group C was superior to that in the group D (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The catgut embedding at back-shu points might inhibit the activation of IKK/IKB/NF-κB signaling pathway to interrupt the inflammatory cascade, and reduce the "second hit" of inflammatory factors on liver, which could slow down NASH progress and prevent and treat NASH.


Assuntos
Categute , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , NF-kappa B , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
3.
Hum Cell ; 33(1): 79-87, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776855

RESUMO

In recent years, kidney damage caused by ingestion of Chinese medicinal herbs containing Aristolochic acid (AA) has attracted extensive attention. However, whether the nephrotoxicity of AA is related to NLRP3 inflammasome has not been reported. Hirsutella sinensis (HS) has a certain therapeutic effect on aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) and is related to NLRP3 inflammasome. Therefore, this study explores whether HS plays a role in renal injury induced by AA through NLRP3 inflammasome pathway. AA-stimulated renal tubular epithelial cells showed that AA could promote the expression of NLRP3, ASC, and α-SMA, increase the secretion and expression of caspase-1, IL-1ß, and IL-18, and inhibit the expression of E-cadherin in a dose- and time-dependent manner. When NLRP3 was down-regulated, the expression of α-SMA and E-cadherin did not change significantly, but significantly blocked the regulation of α-SMA and E-cadherin expression by AA. When AA and HS were added to renal tubular epithelial cells at the same time, the effects of AA on the expression of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1ß, IL-18, and α-SMA gradually decreased to the level of control group with the increase of HS dosage. At the same time, HS can reduce the transdifferentiation of renal tubular epithelial cells by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. These findings will provide important pharmacological references for the treatment of AAN and the clinical application of HS.

4.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(9): 3949-3961, 2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854857

RESUMO

The characteristics of volatile organic compound (VOCs) species from various production procedures of wood-based panel production and other industrial processes in Chengdu were analyzed through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and other methods specified in national standards after the emissions of typical enterprises of wood-based panel production, pharmaceutical manufacturing, chemical production and other industrial processes in Chengdu had been sampled using sampling bottles and SUMMA canisters. Generally, the process of wood-based panel production includes glue making, glue mixing, sorting, and hot pressing, whereas the process of pharmaceutical manufacturing includes workshop production and wastewater treatment. The results showed that the main contribution species of VOCs in wood-based panel production and pharmaceutical manufacturing is oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs), accounting for more than 50% of the total VOCs emitted. The species from organized and unorganized emissions of formaldehyde manufacturing differed significantly. The main species of organized emissions was OVOCs, and that of unorganized emissions was halohydrocarbons. Emissions of VOCs from coating manufacturing were strongly correlated with the raw materials, and the corresponding emission species were composed mainly of aromatics and OVOCs. Except for glue mixing, the main species of VOCs in other process procedures of wood-based panel production was formaldehyde, with emission proportion of more than 50%. The primary species of VOCs in various processes of pharmaceutical manufacturing was ethanol; however 1,4-dioxane, ethyl acetate, and toluene were also important species. Moreover, the main VOCs from formaldehyde manufacturing were composed mainly of acetone and ethanol, and those of coating manufacturing were aromatic hydrocarbons such as p-xylene. The ozone formation potential was to characterize the reactivity of pollution sources in VOCs from wood-based panel production, pharmaceutical manufacturing, and chemical production. The results showed that the species of VOCs in different industries contributed similarly to the reactivity and that these species were mainly high-activity species such as formaldehyde, ethanol, and other OVOCs as well as some aromatic hydrocarbons. Therefore, supervision and regulation of enterprises of industrial processes is required with a focus on species with relatively large ozone formation potential. In addition, it is necessary to analyze the emission characteristics and chemical mechanism of various industries and to control O3 generation from the sources.

5.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104368, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629046

RESUMO

Four new dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans, named heilaohusus A-D (1-4), one new arylnaphthalene lignan named heilaohusu E (5), and seven known analogues (6-12) were isolated from the roots of Kadsura coccinea. Their structures and configurations were elucidated by a combination of HR-ESI-MS, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, HSQC, HMBC, NOESY and CD spectra. Among the known compounds, compounds 6 and 8-12 were isolated from this plant for the first time. All of compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity activities, compounds 3, 6 and 7 showed weak cytotoxicity against four human cancer cell lines (HepG-2, HCT-116, BGC-823 and Hela) with IC50 values range from 13.04 to 21.93 µM. Compounds 1 and 7 demonstrated potential anti-RA (rheumatoid arthritis) activity against RA-FLS cell line with IC50 values of 14.57 and 11.70 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Kadsura/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antirreumáticos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , China , Ciclo-Octanos , Humanos , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química
6.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 7(3): 249-257, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608217

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Data are limited on the use of pegylated-interferon alpha-2a (peg-IFNα) in Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (CHB). We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of peg-IFNα in Chinese patients with hepatitis B envelope antigen-negative CHB in routine clinical practice. Methods: In this prospective, multicenter, observational, non-interventional cohort study, patients were assessed for up to 1 year after peg-IFNα treatment cessation. Treating physicians established the dosing and treatment duration according to Chinese clinical practice. Effectiveness of peg-IFNα treatment was measured by the percentage of: patients with HBV DNA <2000 IU/mL and loss of hepatitis B surface antigen (commonly known as HBsAg); HBV DNA level at end of treatment (EOT), and 6 months and 1 year posttreatment; and time course change in quantitative HBV DNA and HBsAg. Results: At EOT, 6 months posttreatment, and 1 year posttreatment, the percentage of patients with HBV DNA <2000 IU/mL was 90.0%, 81.8%, and 82.2%, and that of patients with HBsAg loss was 6.5%, 9.4%, and 9.5%, respectively. The HBV DNA level decreased from 5.61 log IU/mL at baseline to 2.48 log IU/mL at EOT and 2.67 log IU/mL at 1 year posttreatment. The HBsAg level decreased from 3.08 log IU/mL at baseline to 2.24 log IU/mL at EOT and 2.10 log IU/mL at 1 year posttreatment. The incidence of adverse events was 52.0%. Conclusions: Peg-IFNα has the potential to provide functional cure (HBsAg loss) for CHB and is well tolerated in hepatitis B envelope antigen-negative CHB patients in routine clinical practice in China. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01730508).

7.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(10): 152612, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474314

RESUMO

Galectin-3 has an important function in the development of tumors. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to explore the relationships between the expression of galectin-3 on clinicopathological features and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). A comprehensive literature search was used to identify eligible studies, and Stata software was conducted using in this meta-analysis. A total of 15 studies, including 1661 cases, were matched in the inclusion criteria. The pooled analysis indicated that galectin-3 expression was related to the poor overall survival (OS) in CRC patients (HR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.36-2.31, P < 0.0001). Our meta-analysis also showed that cancerous tissues have higher levels of galectin-3 expression than normal tissues. Besides, positive galectin-3 expression was also related to advanced TNM stages(III/IV vs. I/II: OR 5.30, 95% CI: 2.42-11.61, P < 0.0001), higher Duke's stages (C/D vs. A/B: OR 4.00, 95% CI: 2.22-7.22, P < 0.0001), venous invasion (venous invasion vs. not: OR 3.02, 95%CI: 1.75-5.22, P < 0.0001) and higher CEA level (CEA≥5 ng/ml vs. ≤ 5 ng/ml: OR 2.09, 95% CI: 1.09-4.03, P = 0.03). In summary, our results indicated that overexpression of galectin-3 is significantly related to the tumor progression and could be a efficient in predicting the prognosis of patients with CRC.

8.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(9)2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450836

RESUMO

This study examined the effects of a high-dose Saccharomyces cerevisiae inoculant alone or jointly with Lactobacillus plantarum on nutrient preservation, fermentation quality, and aerobic stability of sweet corn stalk silage. Fresh stalks (231 g dry matter (DM)/kg) were chopped and subjected to the following treatments: (1) deionized water (Uninoculated; U); (2) S. cerevisiae at 1 × 108 cfu/g of fresh forage (S); and (3) S. cerevisiae at 1 × 108 cfu/g plus L. plantarum at 1 × 105 cfu/g (SL). Treated stalks were ensiled in 5-litre laboratory silos for 30, 60, and 90 d. The S and SL silages had a greater (p < 0.001) pH and greater crude protein, ammonia nitrogen/total nitrogen, neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent fibre, and ethanol contents at all three ensiling periods than the U silage. Acetate, propionate and volatile fatty acids in the S and SL silages after 30 and 90 d of ensiling were greater (p < 0.05) than those in the U silage, but they were lower (p < 0.05) in the S and SL silages than in the U silage after 60 d. The lactate and V-score of the S and SL silages were lower (p < 0.001) than those of the U silage at all three ensiling periods. Compared with the U group, the aerobic stability of the S silage after 90 d of ensiling decreased (p < 0.05), and the aerobic stability of the SL silage was unaffected (p > 0.05). Overall, the quality of sweet corn stalk silage was not improved by inoculation with 108 cfu/g of S. cerevisiae alone or in combination with 1 × 105 cfu/g of L. plantarum.

9.
J AOAC Int ; 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451136

RESUMO

Background: Bupi Yiqi No. 1 Recipe (BPYQ), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, has been widely used as a treatment of multidrug resistance during chemotherapy in colorectal cancer and for the prevention of gastrointestinal cancer recurrence for decades. Objective: In this study, a rapid, reliable, and accurate ultrahigh-performance LC (UHPLC) coupled with electrospray ionization (ESI)-tandem MS (MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of 12 major bioactive components, including protocatechuic acid, astilbin, rutin, calycosin-7-O-ß-D-glucoside, ginsenoside Re, ononin, isoliquiritigenin, calycosin, apigenin, ginsenoside Rb1, formononetin, and glycyrrhizic acid in BPYQ. Methods: The chromatographic separation of the analytes was achieved on a Poroshell 120 SB-Aq column (50 × 2.1 mm, 1.7 µm) with a mobile phase of acetonitrile and 0.1% (v/v) formic acid aqueous solution. The flow rate and column temperature were set at 0.4 mL/min and 30°C, respectively. Mass spectrometric detection of the analyses was performed on multiple reaction monitoring mode in positive and negative ESI mode. Results: The established UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS method was validated in terms of the linearity, precision, repeatability, stability, and accuracy. All calibration curves of the 12 compounds showed good linearity, with correlation coefficients (r) greater than 0.9980 within the test ranges. The LODs and LOQs for the 12 compounds were in the ranges of 0.08-1.32 and 0.27-5.28 ng/mL, respectively. The average recoveries of all the standard compounds were between 98.4 and 102.9%, and their relative SD values ranged from 1.24 to 3.78%. Conclusions: The proposed method can provide a meaningful basis for the QC of BPYQ. Highlights: The established UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS method was demonstrated to be a powerful tool for quantifying the 12 compounds in BPYQ.

10.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(4): 1613-1626, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087901

RESUMO

Based on the measured data in the literature, VOCs (volatile organic compounds) source profiles were revised and reconstructed without OVOCs (oxygenated volatile organic compounds) species to obtain the normalized VOCs source profiles. Using the 2015 Sichuan emission inventory, source profiles based on the 1 km×1 km gridded speciated VOCs emission inventory were developed, and the ozone formation potentials of the species were estimated to assess the environmental impact on ozone formation. The established VOCs source profile database consists of 45 source profiles and 519 species. Since the source profiles were established based on the revision and reconstruction of pollution sources, such as biomass burning and transportation, that are rich in OVOCs, the source profile database is better applicable to establishing the speciated VOCs emission inventory and source apportionment. The speciated VOCs emission inventory showed that the total anthropogenic emission of VOCs in Sichuan Province was 773.8 kt, of which the emissions of alkanes, olefins, alkynes, aromatics, OVOCs, halohydrocarbons, and other VOCs accounted for 21.6%, 10.0%, 1.7%, 28.0%, 26.2%, 4.2%, and 8.3% of the total respectively. The total OFP (Ozone formation potential) was 2584.9 kt, of which the OFPs of the VOCs groups mentioned above accounted for 6.9%, 26.1%, 0.5%, 42.3%, 23.2%, 0.4%, and 0.5% respectively. The main VOCs species emitted in all cities of Sichuan Province were aromatics, OVOCs, and alkanes; however, there were some significant regional differences:transportation in Chengdu, Ya'an, Aba, Ganzi, and Liangshan made a greater contribution to VOCs emissions, with alkane emissions accounting for a higher proportion in the total VOCs emission. As a heavy industrial city, Panzhihua suffered most from emissions from industrial processes, which contain a relatively high proportion of alkanes. Solvent use in Deyang, Meishan, Suining, and Ziyang made a great contribution to the VOCs emissions, and the OVOCs emission was relatively high. Emissions of VOCs and species with relatively high OFPs in Sichuan Province were mainly distributed in the Sichuan Basin, which has a dense population and highly developed industry, as well as some areas in Liangshan and Panzhihua. The main source of m-xylene and toluene was solvent use; therefore, m-xylene and toluene were relatively concentrated in developed urban areas. In addition, biomass burning contributed greatly to the emissions of ethene and formaldehyde; therefore, ethene and formaldehyde were mainly distributed in the cultivated areas of agriculturally advanced Eastern Sichuan and Southern Sichuan.

11.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol ; 10: 29, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011422

RESUMO

Background: Liver has important immune function during fetal development and after birth. However, the effect of maternal malnutrition on immune function of the fetal liver is rarely reported. In this study, twelve pregnant goats (Xiangdong black goat, at d 45 of gestation) were assigned to the control group (fed 100% of nutritional requirements) and the restriction group (fed 60% of the intake of the control group) during gestation from d 55 to 100. Fetal goats were harvested at d 100 of gestation and immune indexes and amino acid profiles of the umbilical cord blood and liver Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signaling pathways were measured. Results: Maternal body weight in the restriction group was lower than the control group (P < 0.05). Maternal feed intake restriction decreased (P < 0.05) heart weight, heart index, alkaline phosphatase and serum amyloid protein A in the umbilical cord blood (UCB). Moreover, only histidine was decreased in the restricted group (P = 0.084), and there were no differences in other amino acids contents in the UCB between the two groups (P > 0.05). The TLR2 and TLR4 mRNA expression in the fetal liver in the restriction group was greater (P < 0.05) than that in the control group. Furthermore, the mRNA expression levels of myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MyD88), TNF receptor associated factor 6, nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1, NFKB inhibitor alpha, IFN-ß, TGF-ß, TNF-α and IL-1ß in the restricted group were upregulated (P < 0.05), and the expression of TLR3 (P = 0.099) tended to be higher in the restricted group. However, protein levels of TLR2, TLR4, IκBα, phosphorylated IκBα, phosphorylated IκBα/total IκBα, TRIF and MyD88 were not affected (P > 0.05) by maternal intake restriction. Conclusions: These results revealed that the restriction of maternal feed intake influenced the development of heart and hepatic protein synthesis at the acute phase of fetal goats and upregulated the mRNA expression of genes involved in MyD88-dependent signaling pathways and of target cytokines.

12.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(4)2019 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999616

RESUMO

Nutritional status during mid-gestation is often ignored under extensive husbandry. This study aimed to examine the effect of maternal undernutrition during mid-gestation on kid meat production under an extensive system. Twenty-seven goats (45 ± 3 d of gestation) were randomly assigned to an unrestricted group (100% of nutrient requirements), or a restricted group (60% of nutrient requirements from 45 to 100 d of gestation, and then re-alimented to 100%). Among the offspring, 16 eligible kids (eight per treatment) were selected, based on birth type and survival, and were harvested to evaluate the meat yield, quality, and composition at 90 d after birth. Maternal undernutrition reduced the body weight and size, average daily gain and hot carcass weight of the kids (p < 0.05). The lightness of the meat at 45 min postmortem was increased (p = 0.029) in the restricted kids. Apart from an increase in tyrosine concentration (p = 0.046), the proximate composition and the amino acid and fatty acid profiles were unaffected in the restricted kids (p > 0.05). Overall, maternal undernutrition during mid-gestation decreased the yield of kid meat, but did not significantly modify the quality and composition. These results highlight the importance of nutrient status during mid-gestation in the meat production of small ruminants under an extensive regime.

13.
Nutr Metab (Lond) ; 16: 20, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30923555

RESUMO

Background: Maternal undernutrition programs fetal energy homeostasis and increases the risk of metabolic disorders later in life. This study aimed to identify the signs of hepatic metabolic programming in utero and during the juvenile phase after intrauterine undernutrition during midgestation. Methods: Fifty-three pregnant goats were assigned to the control (100% of the maintenance requirement) or restricted (60% of the maintenance requirement from day 45 to day 100 of midgestation and realimentation thereafter) group to compare hepatic energy metabolism in the fetuses (day 100 of gestation) and kids (postnatal day 90). Results: Undernutrition increased the glucagon concentration and hepatic hexokinase activity, decreased the body weight, liver weight and hepatic expression of G6PC, G6PD, and PGC1α mRNAs, and tended to decrease the hepatic glycogen content and ACOX1 mRNA level in the dams. Maternal undernutrition decreased the growth hormone (GH) and triglyceride concentrations, tended to decrease the body weight and hepatic hexokinase activity, increased the hepatic PCK1, PCK2 and PRKAA2 mRNAs levels and glucose-6-phosphatase activity, and tended to increase the hepatic PRKAB1 and CPT1α mRNAs levels in the male fetuses. In the restricted female fetuses, the hepatic hexokinase activity and G6PC mRNA level tended to be increased, but PKB1 mRNA expression was decreased and the ACACA, CPT1α, NR1H3 and STK11 mRNA levels tended to be decreased. Maternal undernutrition changed the hepatic metabolic profile and affected the metabolic pathway involved in amino acid, glycerophospholipid, bile acid, purine, and saccharide metabolism in the fetuses, but not the kids. Additionally, maternal undernutrition increased the concentrations of GH and cortisol, elevated the hepatic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity, and tended to decrease the hepatic glycogen content in the male kids. No alterations in these variables were observed in the female kids. Conclusions: Maternal undernutrition affects the metabolic status in a sex- and stage-specific manner by changing the metabolic profile, expression of genes involved in glucose homeostasis and enzyme activities in the liver of the fetuses. The changes in the hormone levels in the male fetuses and kids, but not the female offspring, represent a potential sign of metabolic programming.

14.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(3): e7879, 2019 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810620

RESUMO

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transplantation has attracted attention for the treatment of liver cirrhosis and end-stage liver diseases. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the effect of different methods of BMSCs transplantation in the treatment of liver cirrhosis in rats. Seventy-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 7 groups: 10 were used to extract BMSCs, 10 were used as normal group, and the remaining 52 rats were randomly divided into five groups for testing: control group, BMSCs group, BMSCs+granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) group, and BMSCs+Jisheng Shenqi decoction (JSSQ) group. After the end of the intervention course, liver tissue sections of rats were subjected to hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson staining, and pathological grades were scored. Liver function [aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (ALB)] and hepatic fibrosis markers [hyaluronidase (HA), laminin (LN), type III procollagen (PCIII), type IV collagen (CIV)] were measured. BMSCs+JSSQ group had the best effect of reducing ALT and increasing ALB after intervention therapy (P<0.05). The reducing pathological scores and LN, PCIII, CIV of BMSCs+G-CSF group and BMSCs+JSSQ group after intervention therapy were significant, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The effect of JSSQ on improving stem cell transplantation in rats with liver cirrhosis was confirmed. JSSQ combined with BMSCs could significantly improve liver function and liver pathology scores of rats with liver cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática Experimental/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 171: 813-822, 2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660975

RESUMO

Investigating the occurrence of disinfection by-products (DBPs) and identify the related influencing factors in drinking water is essentially important to control DBPs risk. In this study, 64 tap water samples were collected from 8 counties (or county level cities) in Jinhua Region of Zhejiang Province, China. Results showed that the median (range) of trihalomethane (THMs), haloacetic acids (HAAs), haloacetonitriles (HANs), haloketones (HKs) and halonitromethanes (HNMs) were 23.2 (9.1-40.9), 15.3 (5.8-38.6), 2.2 (0.7-7.6), 2.1 (0.2-6.4) and 0.7 (0.2-2.9) µg/L, respectively. HAAs, HANs, HKs and HNMs levels were generally higher in summer than in winter or spring, while for THMs in most counties, higher levels occurred in winter than in summer or spring. Spatially, Yongkang, Yiwu and Dongyang had higher DBPs levels than Pujiang, Pan'an, Lanxi, Wuyi and Jinhua, which was generally consistent with their economy development (GDP). Correlation analysis showed that DBPs occurrence in tap water was significantly related with physicochemical parameters. Principle component analysis further suggested that organic matter (DOC and UVA254) are the major factors influencing the occurrence of THMs, HAAs, HANs and HKs in tap water, while for HNMs, both the organic (DOC and UVA254) and inorganic factors (e.g. Temp, NO2--N, pH, Br- and NH4+-N) played important role in its formation.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes/química , Água Potável/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Acetatos/análise , Acetonitrilos/análise , China , Hidrocarbonetos Halogenados/análise , Cetonas/análise , Estações do Ano , Trialometanos/análise
16.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 31(7): 832-835, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune-tolerant chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients awaiting assisted reproduction (AR) are required to initiate antiviral therapy because of laboratory safety concerns. The antiviral therapy in this group has not been well assessed. We sought to explore the efficacy and safety of the combination therapy (COM) of tenofovir (TDF) and telbivudine (LdT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this open-label, randomized, controlled study, we enrolled and randomized hepatitis B virus e-antigen (HBeAg)-positive CHB patients awaiting AR into the study COM group and the control (TDF) group. The COM group received combination therapy of TDF and LdT, and the TDF group received a single treatment of TDF. The patients were followed up for at least 48 weeks. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with undetectable HBV DNA level at week 12. RESULTS: A total of 121 patients were recruited into the COM group (n=60) and the TDF group (n=61). The percentages of patients with undetectable HBV DNA levels were 90.0% (54/60) in the COM group and 67.2% (41/61) (P=0.002) in the TDF group at week 12; the percentages were 96.6% (58/60) in the COM group and 85.2% (52/61) in the TDF group at week 48 (P=0.028), respectively. HBeAg seroconversion occurred in 5/60 (8.3%) patients in the COM group and 2/61 (3.3%) patients in the TDF group at week 48 (P=0.233). CONCLUSION: TDF and LdT combination therapy shows a rapid antivirological response in immune-tolerant CHB patients awaiting AR, which provide an alternative for this group at AR centers. However, the HBeAg seroconversion rate is unsatisfactory in the short term.

17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 124: 1264-1273, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508545

RESUMO

Natrin, a new member of the cysteine-rich secretory protein (CRISP) family purified from the snake venom of Naja naja atra, has been demonstrated to have anticancer activity. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms need further elucidation. In this study, MTT was used to evaluate cell viability. Apoptotic cells were analyzed by employing a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Metabolomic study of the metabolic perturbations caused by natrin-induced apoptosis in differentiated SMMC-7721 cells was performed for the first time by using integrative ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF MS). To investigate the possible mechanism in the mitochondrial pathway of natrin-induced apoptosis, we measured apoptosis-related mRNA changes using real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR). Cell proliferation was significantly inhibited after treatment with natrin in a dose-dependent manner. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminate analysis (PLS-DA) clearly demonstrated that metabolic profiles were affected by natrin. The results of multivariate statistical analysis showed that a total of 13 metabolites were characterized as potential biomarkers highly implicated in natrin-induced apoptosis, which corresponded to fluctuations of five pathways, including sphingolipid metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis, fatty acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism and glycosphingolipid biosynthesis. Furthermore, natrin-induced apoptosis showed an increase in the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in the mitochondrial pathway compared with controls. This study illustrated that rapid and holistic cell metabolomics combining molecular biological approaches might be a powerful tool for evaluating the underlying mechanisms of natrin-induced apoptosis, which would help to deepen specific insights into the anti-hepatoma mechanisms of natrin and facilitate the clinical application of natrin in the future.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Venenos Elapídicos/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaboloma , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise Discriminante , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Metabolômica/métodos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
18.
Gene ; 686: 194-202, 2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30340050

RESUMO

Previous studies have proposed that caloric restriction (CR) regulates many cell functions and prolongs the lifespan of an organism. Our previous studies proposed that CR also prevents follicular activation and preserves the ovarian reserve in mice by activating SIRT1. To test if SIRT1 preserves the ovarian reserve and prolongs the ovarian longevity, we generated SIRT1 knock-in mice that can overexpress SIRT1 in oocytes of the mouse. Ovaries of the mice at ages 35 days and 15 months were collected, and the follicular development and follicular reserve were examined. The vaginal opening and onset of estrus of transgenic female mice (both the homozygous and heterozygous for SIRT1 overexpression) were later than that of wild-type mice. Both the homozygous and heterozygous SIRT1-overexpressing mice had a larger and stronger reproductive capacity than wild-type mice. Moreover, 35-day-old and 15-month-old homozygous and heterozygous SIRT1-overexpressing mice also had a higher mean number and percentage of healthy follicles, fewer atretic follicles than wild-type mice, and the mean number and percentage of primordial follicles in both the homozygous and heterozygous SIRT1-overexpressing mice were higher than wild-type mice at the same age. However, the phenotypes of heterozygous and homozygous transgenic mice came no difference. Immunohistochemistry showed increased expression of SIRT1 and FOXO3a, and decreased expression of mTOR in both the homozygous and heterozygous SIRT1-overexpressing mice compared with wild-type mice. Thus, oocyte-specific SIRT1-overexpressing mice continuously activate FOXO3a and suppress mTOR and have a larger reproductive capacity, larger follicle reserve and longer ovarian lifespan.


Assuntos
Restrição Calórica , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Reserva Ovariana , Ovário/enzimologia , Sirtuína 1 , Animais , Feminino , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/metabolismo , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Ovário/citologia , Sirtuína 1/biossíntese , Sirtuína 1/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/biossíntese , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética
19.
Cancer Nurs ; 42(5): 410-417, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29933305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maintenance of good functional status and improvement of quality of life (QOL) in patients with head and neck cancer help to determine the efficacy of anticancer therapies. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe the profile of QOL changing over time and evaluate the correlation between anxiety, pain severity, and shoulder and neck function with QOL in patients. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. Quality of life, neck and shoulder function, anxiety, and pain were assessed at the time of presurgery, 1 week, and 3 and 6 months postsurgery. The measurement tools included University of Washington-Quality of Life, Constant-Murley score, Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale, and WHO Pain Grading Standards. RESULTS: The mean (SD) scores of QOL in 69 patients were 91.8 (6.1) presurgery, 71.6 (9.0) 1 week after surgery, and 78.1 (8.3) and 85.2 (7.0) at 3 and 6 months postsurgery, respectively. Quality of life scores were positively correlated with shoulder and neck function and negatively correlated with anxiety and pain. The improvement of postsurgery QOL was significantly associated with sex and incision healing grade. CONCLUSION: Improvement of QOL of patients with head and neck cancer is a long process, which is associated with the clinical and demographic characteristics of patients. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Focusing nursing practice on shoulder and neck function rehabilitation, incision care, and pain management could positively affect QOL among patients with head and neck cancer treated by surgery.

20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(3): e7879, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-984038

RESUMO

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transplantation has attracted attention for the treatment of liver cirrhosis and end-stage liver diseases. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the effect of different methods of BMSCs transplantation in the treatment of liver cirrhosis in rats. Seventy-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 7 groups: 10 were used to extract BMSCs, 10 were used as normal group, and the remaining 52 rats were randomly divided into five groups for testing: control group, BMSCs group, BMSCs+granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) group, and BMSCs+Jisheng Shenqi decoction (JSSQ) group. After the end of the intervention course, liver tissue sections of rats were subjected to hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson staining, and pathological grades were scored. Liver function [aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (ALB)] and hepatic fibrosis markers [hyaluronidase (HA), laminin (LN), type III procollagen (PCIII), type IV collagen (CIV)] were measured. BMSCs+JSSQ group had the best effect of reducing ALT and increasing ALB after intervention therapy (P<0.05). The reducing pathological scores and LN, PCIII, CIV of BMSCs+G-CSF group and BMSCs+JSSQ group after intervention therapy were significant, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The effect of JSSQ on improving stem cell transplantation in rats with liver cirrhosis was confirmed. JSSQ combined with BMSCs could significantly improve liver function and liver pathology scores of rats with liver cirrhosis.

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