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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715361

RESUMO

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) and its degradation products are widely used in the food industry. In this study, we constructed Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants with FHL1, IFH1, SSF1, and SSF2 overexpression and HRP1 deletion, individually to evaluate the effect on RNA production. The RNA content of recombinant strains W303-1a-FHL1, W303-1a-SSF2, and W303-1a-ΔHRP1 was increased by 14.94%, 24.4%, and 19.36%, respectively, compared with the RNA content of the parent strain. However, W303-1a-IFH1 and W303-1a-SSF1 showed no significant change in RNA production compared with the parent strain. IFH1 and FHL1 encode Ifh1p and Fhl1p, respectively, which combine to form a complex that plays a key role in the transcription of the ribosomal protein (RP) gene. Ssf2p, encoded by SSF2, plays an important role in ribosome biosynthesis and Hrp1p is a negative regulator of cell growth in S. cerevisiae. Subsequently, a high RNA production strain, W112, was constructed by simultaneously overexpressing FHL1, IFH1, and SSF2 and deleting HRP1. The RNA content of W112 was 38.8% higher than the parent strain. The growth performance, RP transcription levels, and rRNA content were also investigated in the recombinant strains. This study provides a new strategy for the construction of S. cerevisiae strains containing large amounts of RNA, and it will make a significant contribution to progress in the nucleic acid industry. KEY POINTS: • Simultaneously overexpressing FHL1, IFH1, and SSF2 and deleting HRP1 can significantly increases RNA production. • The production of RNA increased by 38.8% in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. • The cell size and growth rate of the strains with higher RNA content also increased.

2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1227, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144258

RESUMO

The Portevin-Le Chatelier (PLC) effect is a phenomenon by which plastic slip in metallic materials becomes unstable, resulting in jerky flow and the onset of inhomogeneous deformation. The PLC effect is thought to be fundamentally caused by the dynamic interplay between dislocations and solute atoms. However, this interplay is almost always inaccessible experimentally due to the extremely fine length and time scales over which it occurs. In this paper, simulations of jerky flow in W-O interstitial solid solutions reveal three dynamic regimes emerging from the simulated strain rate-temperature space: one resembling standard solid solution strengthening, another one mimicking solute cloud formation, and a third one where dislocation/solute coevolution leads to jerky flow as a precursor of dynamic strain aging. The simulations are carried out in a stochastic framework that naturally captures rare events in a rigorous manner, providing atomistic resolution over diffusive time scales using no adjustable parameters.

3.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 5(4): 730-738, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065179

RESUMO

The design and construction of 3D architectures enabled by stimuli-responsive soft materials can yield novel functionalities for next generation soft-bodied actuating devices. Apart from additive manufacturing processes, origami inspired technology offers an alternative approach to fabricate 3D actuators from planar materials. Here we report a class of near-infrared (NIR) responsive 3D active origamis that deploy, actuate and transform between multistable structural equilibria. By exploiting the nonlinear coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of graphene oxide (GO), graphene oxide/ethylene cellulose (GO/EC) bilayers are readily fabricated to deliver precise origami structure control, and rapid low-temperature-triggered photothermal actuation. Complexity in 3D shapes is produced through heterogeneously patterning GO domains on 2D EC thin films, which allows us to customize 3D architectures that adapt to various robotic functions. The strategy also enables the construction of material systems possessing naturally inaccessible properties, such as remotely controlled mechanical metamaterials with auxetic behavior and bionic flowers with a rapid blooming rate. Harnessing deformability with multiple degrees of freedom (DOF) upon light irradiation, this work leads to breakthroughs in the design and implementation of shape-morphing functions with soft origamis.

4.
Chem Soc Rev ; 49(4): 1173-1208, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967137

RESUMO

Mesoporous metal-based materials (MMBMs) have received unprecedented attention in catalysis, sensing, and energy storage and conversion owing to their unique electronic structures, uniform mesopore size and high specific surface area. In the last decade, great progress has been made in the design and application of MMBMs; in particular, many novel assembly engineering methods and strategies based on amphiphilic block copolymers as structure-directing agents have also been developed for the "bottom-up" construction of a variety of MMBMs. Development of MMBMs is therefore of significant importance from both academic and practical points of view. In this review, we provide a systematic elaboration of the molecular assembly methods and strategies for MMBMs, such as tuning the driving force between amphiphilic block copolymers and various precursors (i.e., metal salts, nanoparticles/clusters and polyoxometalates) for pore characteristics and physicochemical properties. The structure-performance relationship of MMBMs (e.g., pore size, surface area, crystallinity and crystal structure) based on various spectroscopy analysis techniques and density functional theory (DFT) calculation is discussed and the influence of the surface/interfacial properties of MMBMs (e.g., active surfaces, heterojunctions, binding sites and acid-base properties) in various applications is also included. The prospect of accurately designing functional mesoporous materials and future research directions in the field of MMBMs is pointed out in this review, and it will open a new avenue for the inorganic-organic assembly in various fields.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e1906653, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995257

RESUMO

The advantages of existing ordered mesoporous materials have not yet been fully realized, due to their limited accessibility of in-pore surface and long mass-diffusion length. A general, controllable, and scalable synthesis of a family of two-dimensional (2D) single-layer ordered mesoporous materials (SOMMs) with completely exposed mesopore channels, significantly improved mass diffusion, and diverse framework composition is reported here. The SOMMs are synthesized via a surface-limited cooperative assembly (SLCA) on water-removable substrates of inorganic salts (e.g., NaCl), combined with vacuum filtration. As a proof of concept, the obtained CeO2 -based SOMMs show superior catalytic performance in CO oxidation with high conversion efficiency, ≈33 times higher than that of conventional bulk mesoporous CeO2 . This SLCA is a promising approach for developing next-generation porous materials for various applications.

6.
Nat Mater ; 19(2): 203-211, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792425

RESUMO

Assemblies of metal oxide nanowires in 3D stacks can enable the realization of nanodevices with tailored conductivity, porous structure and a high surface area. Current fabrication methods require complicated multistep procedures that involve the initial preparation of nanowires followed by manual assembly or transfer printing, and thus lack synthesis flexibility and controllability. Here we report a general synthetic orthogonal assembly approach to controllably construct 3D multilayer-crossed metal oxide nanowire arrays. Taking tungsten oxide semiconducting nanowires as an example, we show the spontaneous orthogonal packing of composite nanorods of poly(ethylene oxide)-block-polystyrene and silicotungstic acid; the following calcination gives rise to 3D cross-stacked nanowire arrays of Si-doped metastable ε-phase WO3. This nanowire stack framework was also tested as a gas detector for the selective sensing of acetone. By using other polyoxometallates, this fabrication method for woodpile-like 3D nanostructures can also be generalized to different doped metal oxide nanowires, which provides a way to manipulate their physical properties for various applications.

7.
Small ; 15(46): e1904240, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550086

RESUMO

Controllable and efficient synthesis of noble metal/transition-metal oxide (TMO) composites with tailored nanostructures and precise components is essential for their application. Herein, a general mercaptosilane-assisted one-pot coassembly approach is developed to synthesize ordered mesoporous TMOs with agglomerated-free noble metal nanoparticles, including Au/WO3 , Au/TiO2 , Au/NbOx , and Pt/WO3 . 3-mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane is applied as a bridge agent to cohydrolyze with metal oxide precursors by alkoxysilane moieties and interact with the noble metal source (e.g., HAuCl4 and H2 PtCl4 ) by mercapto (SH) groups, resulting in coassembly with poly(ethylene oxide)-b-polystyrene. The noble metal decorated TMO materials exhibit highly ordered mesoporous structure, large pore size (≈14-20 nm), high specific surface area (61-138 m2 g-1 ), and highly dispersed noble metal (e.g., Au and Pt) nanoparticles. In the system of Au/WO3 , in situ generated SiO2 incorporation not only enhances their thermal stability but also induces the formation of ε-phase WO3 promoting gas sensing performance. Owning to its specific compositions and structure, the gas sensor based on Au/WO3 materials possess enhanced ethanol sensing performance with a good response (Rair /Rgas = 36-50 ppm of ethanol), high selectivity, and excellent low-concentration detection capability (down to 50 ppb) at low working temperature (200 °C).

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(38): 35060-35067, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469272

RESUMO

Metal oxide hollow spheres (MOHSs) with multicomponent metal elements exhibit intriguing properties due to the synergistic effects of different components. However, it remains a great challenge to develop a general method to synthesize multicomponent MOHSs due to the different hydrolysis and condensation rates of precursors for different metal oxides. Herein, we demonstrate a general strategy for the controllable synthesis of MOHSs with up to five metal elements by decomposition of metal-phenolic coordination polymers (MPCPs), which are prepared by chelation of tannic acid with various metal ions. After calcination to burn out the organic component and induce heterogeneous contraction of MPCPs, a series of MOHSs with multishell structure, high specific surface area (55-171 m2/g), and crystalline mesoporous framework are synthesized, including binary (Fe-Co, Ni-Zn, and Ni-Co oxides), ternary (Ni-Co-Mn and Ni-Co-Zn oxides), and quinary (Ni-Co-Fe-Cu-Zn oxides) MOHSs. The gas sensing nanodevices based on quinary MOHSs show much higher response (10.91) than those based on single component toward 50 ppm of ethanol at 80 °C with the response/recovery time of 85/160 s. The quinary oxides sensor also displays high selectivity toward ethanol against other interfering gases (e.g., methanol, formadehyde, toluene, methane, and hydrogen) and long-term stability (∼94.0% after 4 weeks), which are extremely favorable for practical applications.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(29): 26268-26276, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257842

RESUMO

Semiconducting metal oxides have attracted increasing attention in various fields due to their intrinsic properties. In this study, a facile solvent evaporation-induced multicomponent co-assembly approach coupled with a carbon-supported crystallization strategy is employed to controllably synthesize crystalline mesoporous nickel oxide-doped tungsten oxides in an acidic THF/H2O solution with poly(ethylene oxide)-b-polystyrene diblock copolymers (PEO-b-PS) as the structure-directing agent, tungsten(VI) chlorides as WO3 precursors, and Ni(AcAc)2 as the NiO precursor. The obtained materials possess a face-centered cubic mesoporous structure, large pore size (∼30 nm), high surface area (30-50 m2 g-1), large pore volume (0.15-0.19 cm3 g-1), and ultralarge pore windows (12-16 nm) connecting adjacent mesopores, and the mesoporous WO3 framework was decorated by ultrafine NiO nanocrystals. Due to their well-connected porous structure and high surface areas with rich WO3-NiO interfaces, the composite materials exhibit superior gas sensing performance with an ultrafast response (∼4 s), high sensitivity (Ra/Rg = 58 ± 5.1), and selectivity to 50 ppm H2S at a relatively low working temperature (250 °C). The chemical mechanism study reveals complicated surface reactions of WO3/NiO-based gas sensors, and SO2, WS2, and NiS intermediates were found to be generated during the gas sensing process.

10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2158, 2019 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089129

RESUMO

Advances in next-generation soft electronic devices rely on the development of highly deformable, healable, and printable energy generators to power these electronics. Development of deformable or wearable energy generators that can simultaneously attain extreme stretchability with superior healability remains a daunting challenge. We address this issue by developing a highly conductive, extremely stretchable, and healable composite based on thermoplastic elastomer with liquid metal and silver flakes as the stretchable conductor for triboelectric nanogenerators. The elastomer is used both as the matrix for the conductor and as the triboelectric layer. The nanogenerator showed a stretchability of 2500% and it recovered its energy-harvesting performance after extreme mechanical damage, due to the supramolecular hydrogen bonding of the thermoplastic elastomer. The composite of the thermoplastic elastomer, liquid metal particles, and silver flakes exhibited an initial conductivity of 6250 S cm-1 and recovered 96.0% of its conductivity after healing.

11.
Acc Chem Res ; 52(3): 714-725, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30829473

RESUMO

In recent years, rational design of ordered mesoporous metal oxides, especially metal oxide semiconductors with adjustable pore architecture and framework compositions, has aroused extensive research interest owing to their unique electronic structures, long-range ordered porous framework, uniform mesopore size, and high specific surface area. Research on mesoporous materials has been booming in the past 30 years, and many synthesis methods have been developed, such as templating methods based on amphiphilic copolymers as soft templates or mesoporous carbon/silica as hard templates, respectively. Soft-templating synthesis has been considered as one of the most efficient and flexible methods in designing ordered mesoporous materials through the controllable interfacial induced coassembly process. However, most commercial amphiphilic copolymers, such as poly(ethylene oxide)- b-poly(propylene oxide) based Pluronic-type ones, suffer the drawback of poor thermal stability, because they are too easy to be decomposed even in inert atmosphere. Therefore, they are difficult to support the structures of mesoporous metal oxides under high calcination temperatures (>400 °C). To solve this challenge, we designed new amphiphilic block copolymers with high content of sp2-hybridized carbon in the hydrophobic segments that were relatively stable and could be in situ converted into residual carbon to support the mesoporous structure, via living free radical polymerization. We developed a variety of novel synthesis methods based on sp2-hybridized carbon-containing block copolymer, such as ligand-assisted assembly and resol-assisted assembly strategies, achieving a controllable and versatile synthesis of mesoporous semiconducting metal oxides with excellent gas sensing performance. In this Account, we first outline the features of sp2-hybridized carbon-containing block copolymers synthesized via living free radical polymerization, particularly their pyrolysis behavior in converting into residual carbon. Combining the solvent evaporation induced coassembly and the carbon-supported crystallization strategies, we realized the rational design of various ordered mesoporous semiconducting metal oxides (e.g., WO3, SnO2, Co3O4, In2O3, TiO2, ZnO) and the regulation of their architectural features. To overcome the fast hydrolysis rate of metal precursors and weak interaction between block copolymers and metal precursors, we developed efficient ligand-assisted (e.g., acetylacetone and acetic acid) coassembly and resol-assisted coassembly methods to retard hydrolysis behavior and enhance the interaction via hydrogen bonds, covalent bonds, electrostatic interactions, etc. We also highlight the applications of these ordered mesoporous semiconducting metal oxides of both n-type and p-type in gas sensing fields, and they show tremendous sensing performance due to their abundant active sites on electron depletion layer and rapid gas diffusion via accessible pore channels. Finally, on the basis of the classic surface-electron depletion layer model, we elucidated in depth the surface catalytic reactions between the target gas molecules and the activated species (e.g., the adsorbed oxygen species) in the surface of mesoporous metal oxides during sensing process. These newly developed soft-templating synthesis methods that rely on sp2-hybridized carbon-containing block copolymers will open a new avenue for the design and application of ordered mesoporous semiconducting metal oxides in various fields.

12.
Soft Matter ; 14(28): 5847-5855, 2018 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29957819

RESUMO

Azo molecular glass (IAC-4) microspheres with a monodispersed diameter over ten microns were fabricated by microfluidics and unique shape manipulation was achieved based on their fascinating photoinduced deformation behaviour. After irradiation with a polarized laser beam (λ = 488 nm), the IAC-4 microspheres were transformed into uniform mushroom-like particles, and their three-dimensional (3D) asymmetric shapes were precisely manipulated by adjusting the irradiation time and the polarization state of light. By observing the particle morphology in three orthogonal views (top view, front view and side view) by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the photoinduced deformation behaviour of the ten-micron-sized particles was comprehensively revealed in the 3D space for the first time. It was observed that the photoinduced deformation asymmetrically occurred on the upper part of the microspheres due to the strong optical absorption of the azo chromophores. Besides, the deformation manner of the upper part was decided by the direction of the electric vibration of the refracted light. This work not only depicts a clear picture of the photoinduced deformation behaviour of the ten-micron-sized azo particles upon polarized light irradiation, but also provides a new method to controllably manipulate the particle shape from spheres to complex 3D architectures.

13.
Adv Mater ; 30(2)2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29134702

RESUMO

Although some progress has been made on stretchable supercapacitors, traditional stretchable supercapacitors fabricated by predesigning structured electrodes for device assembling still lack the device-level editability and programmability. To adapt to wearable electronics with arbitrary configurations, it is highly desirable to develop editable supercapacitors that can be directly transferred into desirable shapes and stretchability. In this work, editable supercapacitors for customizable shapes and stretchability using electrodes based on mechanically strengthened ultralong MnO2 nanowire composites are developed. A supercapacitor edited with honeycomb-like structure shows a specific capacitance of 227.2 mF cm-2 and can be stretched up to 500% without degradation of electrochemical performance, which is superior to most of the state-of-the-art stretchable supercapacitors. In addition, it maintains nearly 98% of the initial capacitance after 10 000 stretch-and-release cycles under 400% tensile strain. As a representative of concept for system integration, the editable supercapacitors are integrated with a strain sensor, and the system exhibits a stable sensing performance even under arm swing. Being highly stretchable, easily programmable, as well as connectable in series and parallel, an editable supercapacitor with customizable stretchability is promising to produce stylish energy storage devices to power various portable, stretchable, and wearable devices.

14.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(47): 14847-14852, 2017 11 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28960725

RESUMO

Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are primary energy storage devices to power consumer electronics and electric vehicles, but their capacity is dramatically decreased at ultrahigh charging/discharging rates. This mainly originates from a high Li-ion/electron transport barrier within a traditional electrode, resulting in reaction polarization issues. To address this limitation, a functionally layer-graded electrode was designed and fabricated to decrease the charge carrier transport barrier within the electrode. As a proof-of-concept, functionally layer-graded electrodes composing of TiO2 (B) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) exhibit a remarkable capacity of 128 mAh g-1 at a high charging/discharging rate of 20 C (6.7 A g-1 ), which is much higher than that of a traditionally homogeneous electrode (74 mAh g-1 ) with the same composition. This is evidenced by the improvement of effective Li ion diffusivity as well as electronic conductivity in the functionally layer-graded electrodes.

15.
Adv Mater ; 29(33)2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28671719

RESUMO

Spinel LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 (LNMO) is the most promising cathode material for achieving high energy density lithium-ion batteries attributed to its high operating voltage (≈4.75 V). However, at such high voltage, the commonly used battery electrolyte is suffered from severe oxidation, forming unstable solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layers. This would induce capacity fading, self-discharge, as well as inferior rate capabilities for the electrode during cycling. This work first time discovers that the electrolyte oxidation is effectively negated by introducing an electrochemically stable silk sericin protein, which is capable to stabilize the SEI layer and suppress the self-discharge behavior for LNMO. In addition, robust mechanical support of sericin coating maintains the structural integrity during the fast charging/discharging process. Benefited from these merits, the sericin-based LNMO electrode possesses a much lower Li-ion diffusion energy barrier (26.1 kJ mol-1 ) for than that of polyvinylidene fluoride-based LNMO electrode (37.5 kJ mol-1 ), delivering a remarkable high-rate performance. This work heralds a new paradigm for manipulating interfacial chemistry of electrode to solve the key obstacle for LNMO commercialization, opening a powerful avenue for unlocking the current challenges for a wide family of high operating voltage cathode materials (>4.5 V) toward practical applications.

16.
Chem Asian J ; 11(23): 3443-3448, 2016 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27706933

RESUMO

We report the successful fabrication of photoresponsive Janus particles (JPs) composed of an epoxy-based azo polymer and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). Two representative azo polymers, of which one polymer (BP-AZ-CN) has cyano groups as electron-withdrawing substituents on the azobenzene moieties and the other polymer (BP-AZ-CA) has carboxyl groups as the electron-withdrawing substituents, were adopted for the investigation. The nanoscaled JPs, with a narrow size distribution and different azo polymer/PMMA ratios, were fabricated through self-assembly in solution and as dispersions. Upon irradiation with linearly polarized light (λ=488 nm), two types of photoresponsive behavior were observed for JPs in the solid state. For JPs composed of BP-AZ-CN and PMMA, the light irradiation caused the azo-polymer component to be stretched along the light polarization direction. Conversely, for JPs composed of BP-AZ-CA and PMMA, the azo-polymer component became separated from PMMA component under the same irradiation conditions. These observations are valuable for a deeper understanding of the nature of self-assembly and photoinduced mass-transport at the nanometer scale.

17.
Chem Asian J ; 11(15): 2130-4, 2016 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27309125

RESUMO

It is of great fundamental and practical significance to endow Janus particles with various field-responsive properties. In this study, a new strategy with a wide range of application possibilities is developed to fabricate JPs composed of a methacrylate-based azo polymer, polystyrene, and Fe3 O4 nanoparticles. The JPs are obtained through microphase separation in a confined volume of the dispersed droplets. The azo polymer and PS are incorporated in JPs in a core-compartmentalized manner, and Fe3 O4 are proved to exist in the azo polymer phase. The JPs show responsive movement in the magnetic field and can be easily oriented with the help of the field. By variation of the intersection angle between the particle symmetrical axis and the polarization direction of the linearly polarized laser beam, different deformation modes are feasibly achieved for the JPs. By exploiting the dual-responsive properties, JPs with designed shapes can be fabricated by exposing the JPs to linearly polarized light.

18.
Se Pu ; 32(6): 635-9, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25269263

RESUMO

A simple and rapid pretreatment procedure was developed for the simultaneous determination of aldicarb and its metabolites, aldicarb sulfone and aldicarb sulfoxide in ginger. The samples were extracted with acetonitrile, and then cleaned up with multiplug filtration using multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTS). The eluate was dried with nitrogen gas at room temperature, and redissolved in an acetonitrile-water (5:95, v/v) mixture, then quantified by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) operated in positive multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. A linear relationship was achieved in the range of 0.5 -200 microg/L for the peak areas to the mass concentrations of the target compounds with the linear correlation coefficients (r2) higher than 0.99. The recoveries at three spiked levels of 2, 20 and 200 microg/kg were in the range from 71.4% to 89.8% with the relative standard deviations (RSDs, n = 6) from 0.7% to 13.2% under the selected conditions. The limits of quantification (LOQ, S/N = 10) of aldicarb, aldicarb sulfone, and aldicarb sulfoxide in ginger were 1.0, 2.0 and 1.0 microg/kg, respectively. The results demonstrate that the developed method is rapid, cost-effective, and can meet the requirements of the multiple pesticide residue analysis. The method is applicable to determine aldicarb and its metabolites in ginger.


Assuntos
Aldicarb/análogos & derivados , Gengibre/química , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Aldicarb/análise , Nanotubos de Carbono , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
19.
Opt Lett ; 33(17): 1963-5, 2008 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18758579

RESUMO

Energy transfer from fluorescein (Fl) to Rhodamine B (RhB) in the opal photonic crystals has been investigated by photoluminescence. The results show that the energy transfer can be enhanced effectively by photonic bandgaps. When the fluorescence emission wavelength of donor Fl overlaps the photonic bandgap the fluorescence intensity of the donor is suppressed, while the fluorescence intensity of acceptor RhB is obviously enhanced. This enhancement can be attributed to the inhibition of radiative emission of the donor in the photonic crystals.

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