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1.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 46(1): 180-187, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582179

RESUMO

This article aims to test a minimally invasive interventional approach by real-time transcranial contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) through a small bur hole to achieve an early local hemostatic drug therapy in a novel traumatic intracerebral hematoma (ICH) model of pigs with hemostatic abnormalities. The effects of hemostasis in the hemocoagulase atrox (HA) injection group and saline injection group groups were observed by transcranial CEUS at three time points: 0 s, 10 s, 2nd. We successfully established a novel traumatic ICH model of pigs with hemostatic abnormalities by the methods of interventional ultrasound techniques and observed the effect of hemostasis by using HA in a local injection method with the assistance of minimally invasive interventional ultrasound technique. At 0 s, four pigs (100%) were observed that active bleeding was significantly weakened, and the range of hematoma became smaller in the HA group. At 10 s, four pigs (100%) were observed that active bleeding became much weaker, and the range of hematoma became further smaller in the HA group. At 2nd, zero pigs (0/4, 0%) were observed that active bleeding could be clearly identified and four pigs (100%) with ICH could also be observed in the HA group. We believe this useful technique could minimize the invasiveness and be operated at the bedside, which would bring much more benefits for traumatic ICH patients.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 1288-1295, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383130

RESUMO

A DFT investigation was performed to evaluate the structure, electronic properties of the doped graphene, and the adsorption behavior of C2H2 and H2 on the graphene sheet. Two kinds of doping scenarios are considered, namely dopants into pristine graphene and vacancy graphene. It is observed that the doping energy is negative for dopant (N, P, S) into vacancy graphene at pyridinictype site, yet it is positive at graphitic-type site for pristine graphene. It could be inferred that the introducing process is exothermic reaction for defective graphene. Meanwhile, for the adsorption of C2H2 on the surface of defective graphene, we notice that C2H2 would prefer to be adsorbed at the top site of the doping atom and the adsorption energy increases with the introducing of dopants, indicating that the dopant would enhance the interaction between C2H2 and graphene. Regarding hydrogen molecule, the dopant has less promotion effect on the adsorption. Moreover, the graphene plays a role of electron donor while the gas molecule (C2H2/H2) is the electron acceptor when it is adsorbed. For the co-adsorption, the C2H2 is privileged to interact with the graphene and the pre-adsorbed C2H2 on doped graphene would weaken the opportunity of the uptake of H2 molecule. We anticipate that our results would provide information to design the optimized catalysts.

3.
Nanotechnology ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751987

RESUMO

The ability of ZnO photodetectors to absorb UV light plays a key role in enhancing responsivity and performance in electronic, optical, and photonic devices. Herein, the light trapping effect of ZnO is used to design and fabricate a novel honeycomb-like ZnO nanomaterial-based UV photodetector with an excellent photoelectric performance. Compared with the traditional ZnO film UV photodetector, the photoresponsivity of the film with honeycomb nanomaterials can reach up to 4.79 A W-1, which is an improvement of about 300 times. In addition, the honeycomb ZnO nanomaterials UV photodetectors exhibit an improved light absorption, a very photo-to-dark current ratio (2.46 × 103), and an excellent detectivity (4.61 × 1012 Jones). The ZnO honeycomb nanostructure synthesized in this work exhibits a strong trapping effect, providing new insights into the research of nanomaterials used for UV photodetectors.

4.
Am J Chin Med ; 47(7): 1541-1569, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752524

RESUMO

Corilagin is a polyphenol that can be extracted from many medicinal plants and shows multiple pharmacological effects. We aimed to investigate the role of corilagin on miR-21-regulated hepatic fibrosis, especially miR-21-regulated TGF-ß1/Smad signaling pathway, in hepatic stellate LX2 cell line and Sprague-Dawley rats. The mRNA or protein levels of miR-21, Smad7, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1), Smad2, Smad3, Smad2/3, p-Smad2, p-Smad3, p-Smad2/3, and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) in LX2 cells and liver tissues were determined. Furthermore, gain-of and loss-of function of miR-21 in miR-21-regulated TGF-ß1/Smad signaling pathway were analyzed in LX2 cells. Liver tissues and serum were collected for pathological analysis, immunohistochemical staining, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Corilagin treatment reduced mRNA or protein levels of miR-21, CTGF, α-SMA, TIMP-1, TGF-ß1, COL1A1, p-Smad2, p-Smad3, and p-Smad2/3 both in vitro and in vivo. While corilagin increased mRNA and protein levels of Smad7 and MMP-9. After gain-of and loss-of function of miR-21, the downstream effectors of miR-21-regulated TGF-ß1/Smad signaling pathway in LX2 cells changed accordingly, and the changes were inhibited by corilagin. Simultaneously, administration of corilagin not only ameliorated pathological manifestation of liver fibrosis but also reduced levels of α-SMA and COL1A1 in liver tissues and TGF-ß1, ALT levels in serum. Corilagin is able to potentially prevent liver fibrosis by blocking the miR-21-regulated TGF-ß1/Smad signaling pathway in LX2 cells and CCl4-induced liver fibrosis rats, which may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for liver fibrosis.

5.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724216

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether real-time 3-dimensional ultrasound (RT3DUS) could provide additional information on early detection and evaluation in the management of solid abdominal organ trauma based on an animal model. METHODS: Nine bleeding lesions were developed in the livers (n = 3), kidneys (n = 3), and spleens (n = 3) from 9 pigs. An ultrasound contrast agent was administered intravenously (liver, 0.025 mL/kg; kidney, 0.008 mL/kg; and spleen, 0.013 mL/kg) after an unenhanced 2-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) examination (B-mode and color Doppler). After contrast agent injection, bleeding lesions were imaged by 2DUS and sequentially imaged by 3-dimensional static ultrasound (3DSUS) and RT3DUS to identify active bleeding, observe the relationship between bleeding lesions and peripheral blood vessels, and evaluate the spatial scope of the bleeding lesions in the organs. RESULTS: For the identification of active bleeding, there was no statistical difference in contrast-enhanced 2DUS, 3DSUS, and RT3DUS. For observation of the relationship between bleeding lesions and peripheral blood vessels, RT3DUS performed statistically better than 2DUS (P < .05), as reconstructed RT3DUS could show more information about the relationship. For the evaluation of the spatial scope of the bleeding lesion in the organ, RT3DUS also performed statistically better than 2DUS from the multiplanar observation by postprocessing of the 3-dimensional real-time volumes (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Real-time 3-dimensional ultrasound improves early detection and evaluation of solid abdominal organ trauma and provides additional information over the current contrast-enhanced 2DUS.

6.
Stem Cell Reports ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761676

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by memory impairments in its earliest clinical phase. The synaptic loss and dysfunction leading to failures of synaptic networks in AD brain directly cause cognitive deficits of patient. However, it remains unclear whether the synaptic networks in AD brain could be repaired. In this study, we generated functional human induced neural progenitor/stem cells (iNPCs) that had been transplanted into the hippocampus of immunodeficient wild-type and AD mice. The grafted human iNPCs efficiently differentiated into neurons that displayed long-term survival, progressively acquired mature membrane properties, formed graft-host synaptic connections with mouse neurons and functionally integrated into local synaptic circuits, which eventually reinforced and repaired the neural networks of host hippocampus. Consequently, AD mice with human iNPCs exhibited enhanced synaptic plasticity and improved cognitive abilities. Together, our results suggest that restoring synaptic failures by stem cells might provide new directions for the development of novel treatments for human AD.

7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715236

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common degenerative disease of the central nervous system. It is associated with abnormal accumulation of amyloid-ß (Aß) plaques, impaired neurogenesis, and damaged cognitive functions. Wehaveknownfor a long timethatnatural compounds and their derivatives have gained increasing attention in AD drug research due to their multiple effects and inherently enormous chemicals. In this study, we will demonstrate that polysaccharides from L. barbarum (LBP1), a traditional natural compound, can reduce Aß level and improve the cognitive functions in APP/PS1 transgenic mouse. LBP1 can enhance neurogenesis as indicated by BrdU/NeuN double labeling. Furthermore, it can restore synaptic dysfunction at hippocampus CA3-CA1 pathway. Additionally, in vitro cell assay indicates that LBP1 may affect Aß processing. In conclusion, our study indicates that LBP1 might be a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of AD against multiple targets that include synaptic plasticity, Aß pathology and neuropathology.

8.
J Spinal Cord Med ; : 1-11, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596180

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the changes of gene and protein expression through Rho/ROCK signaling pathway in EA treated spinal cord injury (SCI) rats and to unveil the possible underlying mechanism. Design: Animal study. Setting: Affiliated Hospital of Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Participants: Eighty Male Sprague Dawley rats. Interventions: Electroacupuncture at Yaoyangguan (GV3), Dazhui (GV14), Zusanli (ST36) and Ciliao (BL32) and/or blocking agent Y27632 treatment. Outcome Measures: Protein expression was detected by ELISA and Western blotting, mRNA expression was detected by quantitative PCR and in situ hybridization. Morphological changes in spinal cord were evaluated by HE-staining and Nissl staining. Hindlimb motor function in the rats was evaluated by Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) assessment methods. Results: Compared with injured rats in SCI group, EA, blocking agent Y27632 and EA + blocking agent Y27632 treatment had significantly reduced mRNA and protein expression levels of RhoA and ROCKII, decreased p-MLC protein expression and p-MLC/MLC ratio, suppressed cPLA2 activity and PGE2 level, improved spinal cord tissue morphology and BBB score of lower limb movement function at 7 days and at 14 days (P < 0.01 or <0.05). Conclusion: Similar to the blocking agent Y27632, EA may have a notable inhibitory effect on the Rho/ROCK signaling pathway after SCI, therefore reducing the inhibition of axonal growth and inflammatory reaction may be a key mechanism of EA treatment for SCI.

9.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 103(23-24): 9239-9250, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659419

RESUMO

Ganoderma have been regarded as a traditional source of natural bioactive compounds for centuries and have recently been exploited for potential components in the cosmetics industry. Besides Ganoderma polysaccharides and triterpenes, multiple proteins have been found in Ganoderma. With the in-depth study of these proteins, various pharmacological functions of Ganoderma have become important in the discovery and development of new products. In the review, we summarized and discussed the kinds and characteristics of Ganoderma proteins, especially on fungal immunomodulatory proteins (FIPs) which can be potentially developed into cosmeceuticals or nutricosmetics and are a suitable target for production using established biotechnological methods. Furthermore, we discuss their pharmacological activities of the proteins with a focus on their pharmacological functions related to cosmetics, such as antioxidant activity, inhibition of melanin, antibacterial activity, and regulation of inflammatory mediators. Numerous other questions also are addressed before the proteins can be widely accepted and used as cosmetic additives.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17307, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574859

RESUMO

To investigate the cognitive and psychological outcomes of pediatric allogeneic HSCT survivors in China.A total of 135 3 to 18 years old children and adolescents who underwent allo-HSCT and survived at least 3 months post-HSCT were recruited and completed the assessments. Cognitive and psychological functions were assessed via age-appropriate standardized measures. Clinical information was extracted from the medical records.Forty one 3 to 6 years old children completed Psychological Questionnaires for 3 to 6 years Children. The scores of 21(51.2%) children in cognitive development dimension, 18(43.9%) in motor development dimension, 16(39.0%) in language development and social development dimension, 15(36.6%) in emotion and will dimension and 14(34.1%) in living habits dimension were less than the standard. Fifty six 8 to 16 years old children and adolescents completed the Depression Self-rating Scale for Children and 9 (16.1%) of these met the criteria of depression. Sixty nine 7 to 16 years old children and adolescents completed the screening for Child Anxiety Related Disorders and 7 (10.1%) of these met the criteria of anxiety, especially social phobia and school phobia. Eighty nine 6 to 18 years old children and adolescents completed the Symptom Checklist-90 and 43.8% to 77.5% of these experienced mild symptoms like obsession-compulsion (77.5%), hostility (64%), and interpersonal sensitivity (60.7%). Children treated with total body irradiation (TBI) showed more cognitive impairments like motor deficits than those without TBI. Also older children and adolescents had more symptoms like psychoticism.These findings demonstrated cognitive and psychological late effects of pediatric allo-HSCT survivors in a single center in China and highlighted that the survivors conditioned with TBI had more cognitive impairments and older children and adolescents had more symptoms. Early intervention in these children and adolescents might minimize the cognitive losses and psychological effects.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Disfunção Cognitiva , Depressão , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Destreza Motora , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Técnicas Psicológicas , Sobreviventes/psicologia
11.
Aquat Toxicol ; 216: 105313, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568897

RESUMO

Surfactant mixtures have extensive industrial applications due to their ideal properties and low ecotoxicity. However, the ecotoxicity of surfactant mixtures with different proportions and their correlation with surface properties have remained poorly investigated. In this study, the ecotoxicity and surface activity of the composites of anionic surfactant sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS) and nonionic surfactant fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether (AEO) in various mass ratios were assessed, and the correlation between ideal application properties and safe ecological perspective of the composites was explored. The ecotoxicity of individual SDBS, AEO, and SDBS/AEO mixtures was determined using the bioluminescence inhibition assay with Photobacterium phosphoreum, and the critical micelle concentrations (CMC) were measured by surface tension method and steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy. Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS) showed a considerably higher toxicity than individual AEO and SDBS/AEO mixtures. Scanning electron microscope images illustrated the rupture of bacteria membrane induced by SDBS, and the addition of AEO alleviated the damage. According to the dose-response relationship on luminous bacteria, SDBS/AEO mixtures were divided into three groups (group I with a high proportion of SDBS, SDBS:AEO = 4:1 and 3:2; group II, SDBS:AEO = 1:1; group III with a high proportion of AEO, SDBS:AEO = 2:3 and 1:4). The sequence of toxicity of the SDBS/AEO mixtures was group II > group III > group I, demonstrating that the toxicity of the composites was related to the mixture proportion instead of the amount of AEO added. The CMC order of SDBS/AEO mixtures was group II > group I > group III, and it was proportion dependent. Furthermore, ΔCM was defined as the difference of the experimental (CM) and ideal CMC (CMideal) of the mixed system, indicating the interaction between the two kinds of surfactants. The order of the ΔCM was group II > group III > group I, which was consistent with the sequence of the toxicity. Therefore, ΔCM can be a potential indicator for the hazardous assessment of surfactant mixtures involving high ionic strength.

12.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 571-576, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of automated detection in computed tomography angiography (CTA) for cases with greater than 70% coronary stenosis. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients who had both coronary CTA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were retrospectively recruited in this study. The patients were categorized into two groups using a cutoff value of 70% stenosis in DSA. The AW4.6 software was used to estimate the diameter and square values from the data obtained from CTA. The sensitivity (SE), specificity (SPE), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the automated CTA estimations were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 178 vessels from the 57 patients were analyzed. The automated CTA estimations had moderate to high levels of agreements (Kappa value: 0.716-0.804, P < 0.001) with the DSA diagnoses, compared with low to moderate levels of agreements (Kappa value: 0.385-0.533, P < 0.001) in manual interpretations. The square estimations generated high SE (100%) and NPV (100%) for patient diagnoses (P < 0.016 7 vs. manual interpretations). The diameter estimations generated high SPE (90.48%) and PPV (94.12%) for patient diagnoses (P < 0.016 7, vs. manual interpretations). Similarly, high SE (96.92%) and NPV (97.89%) were found for square estimations in vessel diagnoses, while high SPE (94.69%) and PPV (90.16%) were found for diameter estimations in vessel diagnoses. CONCLUSIONS: Both automated diameter and square algorithms have high accuracy for diagnosing patients with greater than 70% coronary artery stenosis. The AW4.6 can improve the detection of severe stenosis that needs stent interventions.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Digital , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
J Adv Nurs ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651047

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore (a) resilience among patients over the first 6 months following a first ischaemic stroke; (b) factors associated with resilience at hospitalization, 1, 3, and 6 months postdischarge; (c) baseline predictors of resilience at 6 months postdischarge. DESIGN: a cohort study. METHODS: From February 2017-January 2018, 217 patients presenting at two hospitals with a first ischaemic stroke were recruited. Their resilience, medical coping styles, general self-efficacy, functional independency, socio-demographic, and clinical data were assessed while they were still in hospital (baseline) and at 1, 3, and 6 months after discharge. RESULTS: Resilience among stroke patients decreased significantly 1 month after hospital discharge and remained stable. Predictors of resilience were as follows: self-efficacy and resignation at baseline; number of children, functional independency, general self-efficacy, and resignation at 1 month; and religion, resignation, self-efficacy, confrontation at 3 months and 6 months. The baseline factors that predicted resilience at 6 months were income level, religion, stroke severity at discharge, self-efficacy, and resignation. CONCLUSION: Stroke survivors experienced a significant decrease in resilience from hospitalization until 1-month postdischarge. Factors contributing to resilience after a stroke varied across time. Self-efficacy and coping styles were particularly important and contributed to long-term resilience. IMPACT: Understanding resilience among stroke survivors is needed to inform the development of interventions to enhance the psychological recovery of survivors. The levels of resilience among stroke survivors were low compared with those in the normal older population. Nurses should provide greater psychological support during hospitalization to stroke survivors and especially to those with lower income, higher stroke severity at discharge, no religion, lower self-efficacy, or who use resignation as a coping strategy as those survivors may have lower resilience 6 months later. Future studies are needed to test interventions designed to change or modify stroke survivors' coping styles and promote self-efficacy, thereby enhancing higher resilience.

14.
Cells ; 8(9)2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514486

RESUMO

Hepatocytes are the main parenchymal cells of the liver and play important roles in liver homeostasis and disease process. The heterogeneity of normal hepatocytes has been reported, but there is little knowledge about hepatocyte subtype and distinctive functions during liver cholestatic injury. Bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced mouse liver injury model was employed, and single-cell RNA sequencing was performed. Western blot and qPCR were used to study gene expression. Immunofluoresence was employed to detect the expressions of marker genes in hepatocytes. We detected a specific hepatocyte cluster (BDL-6) expressing extracellular matrix genes, indicating these hepatocytes might undergo epithelia-mesenchymal transition. Hepatocytes of BDL-6 also performed tissue repair functions (such as angiogenesis) during cholestatic injury. We also found that four clusters of cholestatic hepatocytes (BDL-2, BDL-3, BDL-4, and BDL-5) were involved in inflammatory process in different ways. To be specific, BDL-2/3/5 were inflammation-regulated hepatocytes, while BDL-4 played a role in cell chemotaxis. Among these four clusters, BDL-5 was special. because the hepatocytes of BDL-5 were proliferating hepatocytes. Our analysis provided more knowledge of hepatocyte distinctive functions in injured liver and gave rise to future treatment aiming at hepatocytes.

15.
J Toxicol Environ Health A ; 82(16): 920-927, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524101

RESUMO

Trichloroethylene (TCE), a widely used industrial solvent, occurs frequently in the global environment. TCE was found to induce hepatocarcinogenesis in mice and one of the underlying mechanisms was reported to involve miR-182-5p overexpression. Subsequently, miR-182-5p overexpression was shown to contribute to chemical-induced enhanced cell proliferation in mouse liver cells by targeting the gene Cited2. The aim of this study was to compare our findings in mice with those in a human hepatoma cell line HepG2. Data demonstrated that TCE at 0.1mM exerted no marked effect on human hepatoma cell line HepG2 cell migration, cell cycle, apoptosis, and DNA damage, but significantly stimulated cell proliferation rate and increased mRNA expression levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a cell proliferation biomarker. In addition, TCE enhanced miR-182-5p expression levels but lowered Cited2 mRNA expression. In summary, data showed that similar to mouse liver cells, TCE exposure also upregulated cells miR-182-5p expression and inhibited Cited2 expression in human hepatoma cell line HepG2. Our results suggest that the TCE-mediated alterations in the observed cellular functions involve interaction with miR-182-5p. It is of interest that utilization of liver cancer tissues from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database also demonstrated that upregulated miR-182-5p expression and reduced Cited2 mRNA expression was detected suggesting that TCE-induced hepatocarcinogenesis involved processes similar to those in humans.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(19)2019 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546702

RESUMO

Fatty liver injury is characterized by liver fat accumulation and results in serious health problems worldwide. There is no effective treatment that reverses fatty liver injury besides etiological therapy. Inflammation is an important macrophage-involving pathological process of liver injury. Here, we investigated the role of sphingosine 1-phosphate receptors (S1PRs) in fatty liver injury and explored whether S1PR2/3 blockade could cure fatty liver injury. A methionine-choline-deficient and a high-fat (MCDHF) diet was used to induce fatty liver injury, and the number of macrophages was evaluated by flow cytometry. Gene expressions were detected using RT-qPCR and cytometric bead array. In MCDHF-diet-fed mice, pro-inflammatory factor expressions were upregulated by fatty liver injury. The S1P level and S1PR2/3 expressions were significantly elevated. Moreover, increased S1P level and S1PR2/3 mRNA expressions were positively correlated with pro-inflammatory factor expressions in the liver. Furthermore, the number of pro-inflammatory macrophages (iMφ) increased in injured liver, and they were mainly bone-marrow-derived macrophages. In vivo, S1PR2/3 blockade decreased the amount of iMφ and inflammation and attenuated liver injury and fibrosis, although liver fat accumulation was unchanged. These data strongly suggest that anti-inflammatory treatment by blocking the S1P/S1PR2/3 axis attenuates fatty liver injury, which might serve as a potential target for fatty liver injury.

18.
Int J Oncol ; 55(5): 1165-1175, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545422

RESUMO

Tumor metastasis regulated by epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a significant role in the development of human cancers, whereas the molecular mechanisms of this process in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remain elusive. In this study, we found that inhibition of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) resulted in suppressed EMT in HNSCC in vitro and in vivo. We reported that signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 3 (STAT3)/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) axis served as the downstream signaling of EZH2 and mediated EMT in HNSCC. EZH2 inhibition downregulated the expression of key molecules of the STAT3/VEGFR2 axis and EMT­related markers, while the expression of E­cadherin was upregulated in HNSCC cells. Targeting the EZH2/STAT3/VEGFR2 axis significantly reduced motility of HNSCC cells. Furthermore, EZH2 knockdown reduced the growth of xenograft HNSCC tumors via inhibiting the EZH2/STAT3/VEGFR2 axis. In conclusion, we proposed that EZH2 regulates EMT and tumor invasion and metastasis in HNSCC by governing the STAT3/VEGFR2 axis. These findings provide a rationale for developing novel strategies to treat invasive and metastatic HNSCC via targeting the EZH2/STAT3/VEGFR2 pathway.

19.
Int J Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-10, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387424

RESUMO

To explore the association between the levels of serum folate, vitamin B12, and homocysteine (Hcy), transaminase and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Chinese elderly. A case-control study was implemented between April and October 2016. Elderly participants aged ≥60 with and without MCI (n = 118 separately) were recruited from Community Health Center of Binhai New Area in Tianjin. Spearman's correlation analysis indicated that Hcy was significantly positively correlated with alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and negative correlations were found among Hcy, Mini-Mental Status Examination score, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised by China intelligence quotient, folate and vitamin B12. The associations among MCI and folate, vitamin B12, Hcy and transaminase were assessed using multivariate logistic regression analyses. Lower folate levels and higher Hcy and ALT and AST levels were associated with MCI risk adjusted for multiple covariates. Increased ALT, AST, Hcy levels and lower folate levels were independently associated with the risk of MCI.

20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12041, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427629

RESUMO

Female reproductive behaviours have important implications for evolutionary fitness and health of offspring. Here we used the second release of UK Biobank data (N = 220,685) to evaluate the association between five female reproductive traits and polygenic risk scores (PRS) projected from genome-wide association study summary statistics of six psychiatric disorders (N = 429,178). We found that the PRS of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were strongly associated with age at first birth (AFB) (genetic correlation of -0.68 ± 0.03), age at first sexual intercourse (AFS) (-0.56 ± 0.03), number of live births (NLB) (0.36 ± 0.04) and age at menopause (-0.27 ± 0.04). There were also robustly significant associations between the PRS of eating disorder (ED) and AFB (0.35 ± 0.06), ED and AFS (0.19 ± 0.06), major depressive disorder (MDD) and AFB (-0.27 ± 0.07), MDD and AFS (-0.27 ± 0.03) and schizophrenia and AFS (-0.10 ± 0.03). These associations were mostly explained by pleiotropic effects and there was little evidence of causal relationships. Our findings can potentially help improve reproductive health in women, hence better child outcomes. Our findings also lend partial support to the evolutionary hypothesis that causal mutations underlying psychiatric disorders have positive effects on reproductive success.

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