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1.
Acta Biomater ; 105: 1-14, 2020 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001369

RESUMO

The translocation of natural cell membranes to the surface of synthetic nanoparticles, which allows man-made vectors to share merits and functionalities created by nature, has been a hot subject of research in the past decade. The resulting biomimetic nanoparticles not only retain the physicochemical properties of nanomaterials, but also inherit the advantageous functions of source cells. Combined with the preponderances of both synthetic and natural platforms, the optimized biomimetic systems can maximize the drug delivery efficiency. In this review, we first summarize the preparation strategies of the biomimetic systems from the perspective of the correlation between the properties of nanoparticles and cell membranes. Six types of cell membrane-camouflaged nanoparticles are further introduced with an emphasis on their properties and performance. Finally, a concluding remark regarding the primary challenges and opportunities associated with these nanoparticles is presented. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Translocation of natural cell membranes to the surface of synthetic nanoparticles has been repeatedly highlighted in the past decade to endow man-made vectors with merits and functionalities created by nature; therefore, the resulting biomimetic systems not only retain the physicochemical properties of nanomaterials but also inherit the biological functions of source cells for efficient drug delivery. To provide a timely review on this hot and rapidly developing subject of research, this paper summarized recent progress on the cell membrane-camouflaged nanoparticles as drug carriers for cancer therapy, and focused primarily on six different types of cell membrane-coated nanoparticles with an emphasis on the preparation strategies from the perspective of the correlation between the properties of nanoparticles and cell membrane.

2.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 16(7): 2685-91, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25854347

RESUMO

To evaluate the clinical impact of preoperative serum CEA and CA19-9 on resectable gastric cancer (GC), a total of 1,075 consecutive cases with gastric adenocarcinoma were obtained retrospectively from January 2012 and December 2013 in a single tertiary hospital, and the relationships between serum CEA, CA19-9 and clinicopathologic features were investigated. Positive preoperative serum rates of CEA and CA19-9 were 22.4% and 12.3% respectively, levels significantly correlating with each other and depth of invasion, lymph node involvement, pTNM and stage. The CEA level also presented a remarkable association with lymphovascular invasion. Both CEA and CA19-9 positivity significantly and positively correlated with depth of invasion, nodal involvement, pTNM stage, lymphovascular invasion, tumor size and tumor location. Stratified analyses according to gender or tumor location showed preoperative CEA or CA19-9 had different associations with clinicopathologic features in different gender subgroups or location subgroups. Preoperative serum CA19-9 positivity may be more meaningful for tumor size rather than CEA. In conclusion, preoperative serum CEA and CA19-9 correlate with disease progression of GC, and may have applications in aiding more accurate estimation of tumor stage, decision of treatment choice and prognosis evaluation.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Antígeno CA-19-9/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Carga Tumoral
3.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 33: 38, 2014 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24887009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric carcinoma (GC) is a common and lethal malignancy, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is believed to contribute to invasive and metastatic tumor growth. Aquaporin 3 (AQP3) is overexpressed in human GC tissues, while human epidermal growth factor (EGF) and hepatocyte growth factor, which can induce EMT, are able to up-regulate AQP3 expression, subsequently promoting GC cell migration and proliferation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of AQP3 on EMT in human GC. METHODS: AQP3 and EMT-related proteins were detected by immunohistochemistry in human GC specimens and their clinical significance evaluated. AQP3 knockdown was attempted using small interfering RNAs, while EGF was used to up-regulate AQP3 expression. Western blotting, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays and immunofluorescence were used to evaluate changes in expression of AQP3 and EMT-related proteins in the SGC7901 and MGC803 human GC cell lines. RESULTS: AQP3 up-expression was associated with EMT-related proteins in human GC specimens, which correlated with poor prognosis for GC. AQP3 modulated GC cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro, and induced E-cadherin repression. AQP3 also up-regulated the expression of vimentin and fibronectin in vitro. The PI3K/AKT/SNAIL signaling pathway was likely involved in the induction of EMT by AQP3 in GC. CONCLUSIONS: AQP3 promotes EMT in human cases of GC, allowing us to understand the mechanisms of AQP3 in GC progression, thus providing a potential strategy for its treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Aquaporina 3/fisiologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD , Caderinas/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Vimentina/metabolismo
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