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1.
Energy Environ Sci ; 14(10): 5552-5562, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745345

RESUMO

We present a facile molecular-level interface engineering strategy to augment the long-term operational and thermal stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) by tailoring the interface between the perovskite and hole transporting layer (HTL) with a multifunctional ligand 2,5-thiophenedicarboxylic acid. The solar cells exhibited high operational stability (maximum powering point tracking at one sun illumination) with a stabilized T S80 (the time over which the device efficiency reduces to 80% after initial burn-in) of ≈5950 h at 40 °C and a stabilized power conversion efficiency (PCE) over 23%. The origin of high device stability and performance is correlated to the nano/sub-nanoscale molecular level interactions between ligand and perovskite layer, which is further corroborated by comprehensive multiscale characterization. These results provide insights into the modulation of the grain boundaries, local density of states, surface bandgap, and interfacial recombination. Chemical analysis of aged devices showed that molecular passivation suppresses interfacial ion diffusion and inhibits the photoinduced I2 release that irreversibly degrades the perovskite. The interfacial engineering strategies enabled by multifunctional ligands can expedite the path towards stable PSCs.

2.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(11)2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829692

RESUMO

Fruits are excellent sources of essential vitamins and health-boosting minerals. Recently, regulation of fruit ripening by both internal and external cues for the improvement of fruit quality and shelf life has received considerable attention. Rosmarinic acid (RA) is a kind of natural plant-derived polyphenol, widely used in the drug therapy and food industry due to its distinct physiological functions. However, the role of RA in plant growth and development, especially at the postharvest period of fruits, remains largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated that postharvest RA treatment delayed the ripening in tomato fruits. Exogenous application of RA decreased ripening-associated ethylene production and inhibited the fruit color change from green to red based on the decline in lycopene accumulation. We also found that the degradation of sucrose and malic acid during ripening was significantly suppressed in RA-treated tomato fruits. The results of metabolite profiling showed that RA application promoted the accumulation of multiple amino acids in tomato fruits, such as aspartic acid, serine, tyrosine, and proline. Meanwhile, RA application also strengthened the antioxidant system by increasing both the activity of antioxidant enzymes and the contents of reduced forms of antioxidants. These findings not only unveiled a novel function of RA in fruit ripening, but also indicated an attractive strategy to manage and improve shelf life, flavor, and sensory evolution of tomato fruits.

3.
Mol Divers ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34661800

RESUMO

A new series of ocotillol-derived lactone derivatives were designed and synthesized to consider their antibacterial activity, structure-activity relationships (SARs), antibacterial mechanism and in vivo antibacterial efficacy. Compound 6d, which exhibited broad antibacterial spectrum, was found to be the most active with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 1-2 µg/mL against Gram-positive bacteria and 8-16 µg/mL against Gram-negative bacteria. The subsequent synergistic antibacterial tests displayed that 6d had the ability to improve the susceptibility of MRSA USA300, B. subtilis 168, and E. coli DH5α to kanamycin and chloramphenicol. This active molecule 6d also induced bacterial resistance more slowly than norfloxacin and kanamycin. Furthermore, compound 6d was membrane active and low toxic against mammalian cells, and it could rapidly inhibit the growth of MRSA and E. coli and did not obviously trigger bacterial resistance. Compound 6d also displayed strong in vivo antibacterial activity against S. aureus RN4220 in murine corneal infection models. Additionally, absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion properties of this type of compounds have shown drug-likeness with good oral absorption and moderate blood-brain barrier permeability. The obtained results demonstrated that ocotillol-derived compounds are a promising class of antibacterial agents worthy of further study.

4.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355557

RESUMO

The recent use of cryoprotectant replacement method for solving the easy drying problem of hydrogels has attracted increasing research interest. However, the conductivity decrease of organohydrogels due to the induced insulating solvent limited their electronic applications. Herein, we introduce the Hofmeister effect and electrostatic interaction to generate hydrogen and sodium bonds in the hydrogel. Combined with its double network, an effective charge channel that will not be affected by the solvent replacement, is therefore built. The developed organohydrogel-based single-electrode triboelectric nanogenerator (OHS-TENG) shows low conductivity decrease (one order) and high output (1.02-1.81 W/m2), which is much better than reported OHS-TENGs (2-3 orders, 41.2-710 mW/m2). Moreover, replacing water with glycerol in the hydrogel enables the device to exhibit excellent long-term stability (four months) and temperature tolerance (-50-100 °C). The presented strategy and mechanism can be extended to common organohydrogel systems aiming at high performance in electronic applications.

5.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 390, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: miR-198 is involved in the formation, migration, invasion, and metastasis of various malignant cancers. However, the function and mechanism of action of miR-198 in the tumorigenesis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remain elusive. Here, we aimed to explore the role of miR198 in RCC. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed to estimate the level of survivin in RCC sections. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to determine the expression level of miR-198 in fresh RCC tissues. Furthermore, the target relationship between miR-198 and BIRC5 was predicted using the TargetScanHuman 7.2 database and verified via dual-luciferase reporter assay and western blotting. The effects of miR-198 on the viability, apoptosis, invasion, and migration of A498 and ACHN cells were studied using Cell Counting Kit-8, flow cytometry, transwell migration assay, and wound healing assay, respectively. Additionally, a xenograft nude mouse model was established to evaluate the effect of miR-198 on RCC tumorigenesis. RESULTS: The expression levels of BIRC5 and miR-198 were respectively higher and lower in RCC tissues than those in normal adjacent tissues. Furthermore, miR-198 could inhibit luciferase activity and reduce the protein level of survivin without affecting the BIRC5 mRNA levels. miR-198 inhibited cell viability, migration, and invasion and promoted cell apoptosis; co-transfection with BIRC5 could rescue these effects. Moreover, miR-198 could repress tumor growth in the xenograft nude mouse model of RCC. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that miR-198 suppresses RCC progression by targeting BIRC5.

6.
Redox Biol ; 44: 102020, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077894

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Oxidative stress plays a critical role in the development of cardiac remodeling and heart failure. Lutein, the predominant nonvitamin A carotenoid, has been shown to have profound effects on oxidative stress. However, the effect of lutein on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced cardiac remodeling and heart failure remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether lutein is involved in cardiac remodeling and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: In vitro experiments with isolated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) and cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) revealed that lutein significantly attenuated Ang II-induced collagen expression in CFs, and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The Ang II-induced increases in superoxide generation, inflammation and apoptosis in cultured CFs were strikingly prevented by lutein. In vivo, fibrosis, hypertrophic cardiomyocyte and superoxide generation were analyzed, and lutein was demonstrated to confer resistance to Ang II-induced cardiac remodeling in mice. Mechanistically, RNA sequencing revealed that interleukin-11 (IL-11) expression was significantly upregulated in mouse hearts in response to Ang II infusion and was significantly suppressed in the hearts of lutein-treated mice. Furthermore, IL-11 overexpression blocked the effects of lutein on fibrosis and oxidative stress in CFs and impaired the protective effect of lutein on cardiac remodeling. Notably, we discovered that lutein could reduce Ang II-induced IL-11 expression, at least partly through the regulation of activator protein (AP)-1 expression and activity. CONCLUSIONS: Lutein has potential as a treatment for cardiac remodeling and heart failure via the suppression of IL-11 expression.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II , Fator de Transcrição AP-1 , Animais , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Fibrose , Interleucina-11 , Luteína , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miocárdio/patologia , Ratos , Remodelação Ventricular
7.
Nano Lett ; 21(12): 5186-5194, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125558

RESUMO

Hybrid perovskites are emerging as a promising, high-performance luminescent material; however, the technological challenges associated with generating high-resolution, free-form perovskite structures remain unresolved, limiting innovation in optoelectronic devices. Here, we report nanoscale three-dimensional (3D) printing of colored perovskite pixels with programmed dimensions, placements, and emission characteristics. Notably, a meniscus comprising femtoliters of ink is used to guide a highly confined, out-of-plane crystallization process, which generates 3D red, green, and blue (RGB) perovskite nanopixels with ultrahigh integration density. We show that the 3D form of these nanopixels enhances their emission brightness without sacrificing their lateral resolution, thereby enabling the fabrication of high-resolution displays with improved brightness. Furthermore, 3D pixels can store and encode additional information into their vertical heights, providing multilevel security against counterfeiting. The proof-of-concept experiments demonstrate the potential of 3D printing to become a platform for the manufacture of smart, high-performance photonic devices without design restrictions.

8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3383, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099667

RESUMO

Formamidinium lead iodide perovskites are promising light-harvesting materials, yet stabilizing them under operating conditions without compromising optimal optoelectronic properties remains challenging. We report a multimodal host-guest complexation strategy to overcome this challenge using a crown ether, dibenzo-21-crown-7, which acts as a vehicle that assembles at the interface and delivers Cs+ ions into the interior while modulating the material. This provides a local gradient of doping at the nanoscale that assists in photoinduced charge separation while passivating surface and bulk defects, stabilizing the perovskite phase through a synergistic effect of the host, guest, and host-guest complex. The resulting solar cells show power conversion efficiencies exceeding 24% and enhanced operational stability, maintaining over 95% of their performance without encapsulation for 500 h under continuous operation. Moreover, the host contributes to binding lead ions, reducing their environmental impact. This supramolecular strategy illustrates the broad implications of host-guest chemistry in photovoltaics.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(17): 20573-20580, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896166

RESUMO

Peptide-based materials are emerging as smart building blocks for nanobiodevices due to the programmability of their properties via the molecular constituents or arrangements. Many clever molecular self-assembly approaches have been devised to produce peptide crystalline structures. However, their freeform shaping remains a challenge due to the intrinsic self-assembly nature. Here, we report the fabrication of freeform, crystalline diphenylalanine (FF) peptide structures by combining meniscus-guided 3D printing with molecular self-assembly. Self-assembly in 3D-printed FF arises from mild thermal activation under precise temperature control of the build platform. After thorough characterizations, we demonstrate layer-by-layer, crystalline 3D printing with a high spatial resolution of 2 µm laterally and 200 nm vertically. The 3D-printed FF exhibits piezoelectricity originating from its crystalline character, showing the potential to become a key constituent for bioelectronic devices. We expect this technique to open up the possibility to create functional devices based on self-assembled organic materials without design restrictions.


Assuntos
Dipeptídeos/química , Impressão Tridimensional , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão
10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(3)2021 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452135

RESUMO

Astrocytes play a key role in brain homeostasis and functions such as memory. Specifically, astrocytes express multiple receptors that transduce signals via the second messenger cAMP. However, the involvement of astrocytic cAMP in animal behavior and the underlying glial-neuronal interactions remains largely unknown. Here, we show that an increase in astrocytic cAMP is sufficient to induce synaptic plasticity and modulate memory. We developed a method to increase astrocytic cAMP levels in vivo using photoactivated adenylyl cyclase and found that increased cAMP in hippocampal astrocytes at different time points facilitated memory formation but interrupted memory retention via NMDA receptor-dependent plasticity. Furthermore, we found that the cAMP-induced modulation of memory was mediated by the astrocyte-neuron lactate shuttle. Thus, our study unveils a role of astrocytic cAMP in brain function by providing a tool to modulate astrocytic cAMP in vivo.


Assuntos
Adenilil Ciclases/genética , Astrócitos/metabolismo , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Memória/fisiologia , Plasticidade Neuronal/genética , Neurônios/metabolismo , Adenilil Ciclases/metabolismo , Animais , Astrócitos/citologia , Comunicação Celular , Córtex Cerebral/citologia , Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Hipocampo/citologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Luz , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neurônios/citologia , Optogenética , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/genética , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Técnicas Estereotáxicas , Sinapses/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Neuroreport ; 32(4): 321-325, 2021 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470768

RESUMO

Studies have found that fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) might have a negative effect in the psychiatric diseases, such as depression or anxiety, but its potential role in the pathophysiology of poststroke depression (PSD) remains uncertain. Here, we set out to investigate the expression changes of FGF9 and its receptors in PSD rats. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) combined with chronic unpredictable mild stress was used to establish the PSD rat model. Then, the rats were randomly divided into four groups: control (sham-operation), MCAO, PSD and treated (fluoxetine injection by intraperitoneal). Weight measurement, sucrose preference test, open-field test and forced swim test were performed to evaluate the behavioral changes, and then Western blot and real-time quantitative PCR were used to detect the expression level of FGF9, fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) and receptor 3 (FGFR3) in the dentate gyrus of rat hippocampus. We found that FGF9 protein and mRNA expression increased significantly in the MCAO and PSD groups; FGFR3 protein and mRNA expression decreased significantly in the MCAO and PSD groups; FGFR1 protein and mRNA expression decreased significantly in the PSD group, but increased in the treated group. Furthermore, the changes mentioned above were reversed obviously by fluoxetine. These results indicated that upregulated FGF9 expression and downregulated FGFR1 and FGFR3 expression may be involved in the pathogenesis of PSD, and the FGF9/FGFR signaling pathway may be considered as an attractive target for further study.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(47): 19980-19991, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170007

RESUMO

The use of molecular modulators to reduce the defect density at the surface and grain boundaries of perovskite materials has been demonstrated to be an effective approach to enhance the photovoltaic performance and device stability of perovskite solar cells. Herein, we employ crown ethers to modulate perovskite films, affording passivation of undercoordinated surface defects. This interaction has been elucidated by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance and density functional theory calculations. The crown ether hosts induce the formation of host-guest complexes on the surface of the perovskite films, which reduces the concentration of surface electronic defects and suppresses nonradiative recombination by 40%, while minimizing moisture permeation. As a result, we achieved substantially improved photovoltaic performance with power conversion efficiencies exceeding 23%, accompanied by enhanced stability under ambient and operational conditions. This work opens a new avenue to improve the performance and stability of perovskite-based optoelectronic devices through supramolecular chemistry.

14.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-9, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role and mechanism of miR-17-5p in cerebral hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced apoptosis. METHODS: The present study used human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMVECs) to establish cerebral H/R model. MTT was used to measure the cell viability. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis. The interaction between miR-17-5p and PTEN was determined using dual luciferase reporter assay. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used for determination of the expression of miR-17-5p, PTEN, apoptosis- and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signalling-related proteins. RESULTS: The cell viability and the expression of miR-17-5p were obviously down-regulated while the expression of PTEN was obviously up-regulated in H/R cells. The cell viability was remarkably enhanced, and the cell apoptosis induced by H/R injury was dramatically reduced when miR-17-5p was overexpressed in HBMVECs under H/R condition, which was reversed by overexpression of PTEN. Dual luciferase reporter assay showed PTEN was a direct target of miR-17-5p. Treatment of PI3K inhibitor LY294002 significantly increased the apoptosis rate of HBMVECs, and this effect was significantly reversed by transfection of miR-17-5p mimics, while further dramatically enhanced by overexpression of PTEN. CONCLUSION: MiR-17-5p could ameliorate cerebral I/R injury-induced cell apoptosis by directly targeting PTEN and regulation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signalling.

15.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2312, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385230

RESUMO

Despite tremendous importance in catalysis, the design of oxide-metal interface has been hampered by the limited understanding of the nature of interfacial sites and the oxide-metal interaction (OMI). Through construction of well-defined Cu2O/Pt, Cu2O/Ag and Cu2O/Au interfaces, we find that Cu2O nanostructures (NSs) on Pt exhibit much lower thermal stability than on Ag and Au, although they show the same structure. The activities of these interfaces are compared for CO oxidation and follow the order of Cu2O/Pt > Cu2O/Au > Cu2O/Ag. OMI is found to determine the activity and stability of supported Cu2O NSs, which could be described by the formation energy of interfacial oxygen vacancy. Further, electronic interaction between Cu+ and metal substrates is found center to OMI, where the d band center could be used as a key descriptor. Our study provides insight for OMI and for the development of Cu-based catalysts for low temperature oxidation reactions.

16.
Fitoterapia ; 144: 104597, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32325155

RESUMO

A novel series of ocotillol-type lactone derivatives were designed and synthesized in order to study their antibacterial activity and structure-activity relationships. Among which, compounds 4j and 4 m were found to be the most active with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 1-4 µg/mL against Gram-positive bacteria and showed low cytotoxicity against MCF-7, HEK-293 and HK-2 cells at their MICs. The antibacterial effect of compound 4 m was characterized further by scanning electron microscopy, cytoplasmic ß-galactosidase leakage assay and UV-visible analysis. The results showed that 4 m may exert its antibacterial effect by damaging bacterial cell membranes and disrupting the function of DNA, both of which could lead to rapid cell death.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactonas/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ginsenosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lactonas/isolamento & purificação , Células MCF-7 , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(12): 4814-4821, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944516

RESUMO

The electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2 RR) to give C1 (formate and CO) products is one of the most techno-economically achievable strategies for alleviating CO2 emissions. Now, it is demonstrated that the SnOx shell in Sn2.7 Cu catalyst with a hierarchical Sn-Cu core can be reconstructed in situ under cathodic potentials of CO2 RR. The resulting Sn2.7 Cu catalyst achieves a high current density of 406.7±14.4 mA cm-2 with C1 Faradaic efficiency of 98.0±0.9 % at -0.70 V vs. RHE, and remains stable at 243.1±19.2 mA cm-2 with a C1 Faradaic efficiency of 99.0±0.5 % for 40 h at -0.55 V vs. RHE. DFT calculations indicate that the reconstructed Sn/SnOx interface facilitates formic acid production by optimizing binding of the reaction intermediate HCOO* while promotes Faradaic efficiency of C1 products by suppressing the competitive hydrogen evolution reaction, resulting in high Faradaic efficiency, current density, and stability of CO2 RR at low overpotentials.

18.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 27(13): NP6-NP15, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23928568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The consumption of nuts was reported to be associated with risk of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the results were inconclusive. The aim of this study was to systematically examine longitudinal studies investigating nut intake in relation to risk of hypertension and T2DM. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed and EMBASE databases to 31 March 2013 was performed. Reference lists of retrieved articles were also screened. Summary relative risks (SRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a random-effects model. Q and I2 statistics were used to examine between-study heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of nine prospective cohort studies (three for hypertension and six for T2DM) were identified. Using random effects models, we found that based on the highest vs lowest analysis, nut consumption were inversely associated with risk of hypertension (SRR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.76-0.93, pheterogeneity = 0.831, I2 = 0%). Dose-response analyses indicated that nut consumption at more than two servings/wk, but not ne serving/wk, had a preventative role in the hypertension. In addition, nut consumption was not associated with risk of T2DM (SRRs = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.84-1.15; pheterogeneity = 0.008, I2 = 67.7%) on the basis of the highest vs lowest analysis. This null association was also shown in the dose-response analysis. CONCLUSION: In our meta-analysis, nut consumption is found to be inversely associated with hypertension risk but is not associated with the risk of T2DM.

19.
J Chem Phys ; 151(21): 214704, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822092

RESUMO

Under the oxidizing condition, the cheap metal component of bimetallic catalysts often segregates to the surface and forms oxide nanoclusters (NCs) supported on the metal surface, which exhibit unique structures and catalytic properties drastically different from the corresponding bulk materials. Here, density functional theory calculations are employed to describe the atomic and electronic structures of a series of triangular FeOx NCs confined on Pt(111) with the size ranging from ∼0.3 nm to ∼2.2 nm, which behave differently from the FeO film reported previously. The lattice of supported FeOx NCs on Pt(111) is found to vary not only with the NC size but also with the Fe/O ratio or the edge termination. Owing to a strong FeOx-Pt interaction, the heterogeneous distribution of local atomic and electronic structures of Fe across the FeOx NC is observed, though most of Fe atoms are positioned at the threefold hollow site of Pt(111). Our study not only sheds light on the catalytically active sites of supported FeOx NCs but also provides guidance for the design of highly active and stable oxide nanocatalysts under reactive environment.

20.
Mol Immunol ; 116: 73-79, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630078

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a common comorbidity of type II diabetes and a leading cause of death worldwide. The presence of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) drives atherogenesis by inducing oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, expression of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines including interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), adhesion molecules including vascular cellular adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and E-selectin, and downregulating expression of the Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) transcription factor. Importantly, ox-LDL induced the attachment of THP-1 monocytes to endothelial cells. In the present study, we demonstrate for the first time that the specific glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist dulaglutide may prevent these atherosclerotic effects of ox-LDL by preventing suppression of KLF2 by p53 protein in human aortic endothelial cells. KLF2 has been shown to play a major role in protecting vascular endothelial cells from damage induced by ox-LDL and oscillatory shear, and therefore, therapies capable of mediating KLF2 signaling may be an attractive treatment option for preventing the development and progression of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1/metabolismo , Peptídeos Semelhantes ao Glucagon/análogos & derivados , Fragmentos Fc das Imunoglobulinas/farmacologia , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacologia , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Adesão Celular , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos Semelhantes ao Glucagon/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo , Monócitos/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo
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