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1.
Opt Express ; 29(20): 32006-32019, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615280

RESUMO

Quantum nonlinear interferometers (QNIs) can measure the infrared physical quantities of a sample by detecting visible photons. A QNI with Michelson geometry based on the spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a second-order nonlinear crystal is studied systematically. A simplified theoretical model of the QNI is presented. The interference visibility, coherence length, equal-inclination interference, and equal-thickness interference for the QNI are demonstrated theoretically and experimentally. As an application example of the QNI, the refractive index and the angle between two surfaces of a BBO crystal are measured using equal-inclination interference and equal-thickness interference.

2.
Cancer Biol Med ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633776

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of the rituximab, fotemustine, pemetrexed, and dexamethasone (R-FPD) regimen followed by whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) for patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). METHODS: A prospective, single-center phase II clinical trial was conducted. Patients with PCNSL newly diagnosed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between July 2018 and July 2020 were studied. The R-FPD regimen consisted of rituximab (375 mg/m2 i.v. on D0), fotemustine (100 mg/m2 i.v. on D1), pemetrexed (600 mg/m2 i.v. on D1), and dexamethasone (40 mg i.v. on D1-5). Patients 60 years or younger who showed a complete response (CR) were treated with 23.4 Gy of WBRT after the end of chemotherapy; those older than 60 years with CR were treated with a wait-and-see approach; and those who did not show CR after the 4th cycle of chemotherapy were given salvage WBRT 30 Gy + local tumor field irradiation up to 45 Gy, regardless of age. RESULTS: A total of 30 patients were included. After 2 cycles, the objective response rate (ORR) was 96.5% (28/29, 1 CR, 27 PR, 0 SD, and 1 PD). After 4 cycles, the ORR was 73.1% (19/26, 11 CR, 8 PR, 4 SD, and 3 PD). After WBRT, the ORR was 90.9% (10/11, 7 CR, 3 PR, and 1 SD). The grade III and IV toxicity responses were mainly leukopenia (20.0%), thrombocytopenia (23.3%), and anemia (10.0%). CONCLUSIONS: Fotemustine-based therapy in combination with rituximab chemotherapy followed by WBRT can improve outcomes, providing ORR benefits and favorable tolerability in patients newly diagnosed with PCNSL.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39066-39075, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387079

RESUMO

A controlled release formulation based on silica microcapsules is an ideal selection to improve both the effective utilization and duration of pesticides to decrease ecological damage. Herein, a simple and green method for preparing double-shelled microcapsules was developed using a newly prepared quaternary ammonium ionic liquid (IL) as the functional additive to entrap avermectin (Ave) in mesoporous silica nanospheres (MSNs) and tannic acid-Cu (TA-Cu) complex as the sealing agent to form the core-shell structure (Ave-IL@MSN@TA-Cu). The obtained microcapsules with an average size of 538 nm had pH-responsive release property and good stability in soil. The half-life of microcapsules (34.66 days) was 3 times that of Ave emulsifiable concentrate (EC) (11.55 days) in a test soil, which illustrated that microcapsules could protect Ave from rapid degradation by microorganisms by releasing TA, copper, and quaternary ammonium in the soil. Ave-IL@MSN@TA-Cu microcapsules had better nematicidal activity and antibacterial activity than Ave EC due to the synergistic effect of Ave, IL, and copper incorporated in the microcapsules. Pot experiments showed that the control efficacy of microcapsules was 87.10% against Meloidogyne incognita, which is better than that of Ave EC (41.94%) at the concentration of 1.0 mg/plant by the root-irrigation method after 60 days of treatment owing to the extended duration of Ave in microcapsules. The simple and green method for the preparation of double-shelled microcapsules based on natural quaternary ammonium IL would have tremendous potential for the extensive development of controlled release pesticide formulations.


Assuntos
Cápsulas/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Controle de Pragas/métodos , Praguicidas/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Tylenchoidea/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacologia , Composição de Medicamentos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Química Verde , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Ivermectina/análogos & derivados , Ivermectina/química , Ivermectina/farmacologia , Praguicidas/farmacologia , Porosidade , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Solubilidade , Taninos/química , Fatores de Tempo
4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 207, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247649

RESUMO

Metal ions have been identified as important bone metabolism regulators and widely used in the field of bone tissue engineering, however their exact role during bone regeneration remains unclear. Herein, the aim of study was to comprehensively explore the interactions between osteoinductive and osteo-immunomodulatory properties of these metal ions. In particular, the osteoinductive role of zinc ions (Zn2+), as well as its interactions with local immune microenvironment during bone healing process, was investigated in this study using a sustained Zn2+ delivery system incorporating Zn2+ into ß-tricalcium phosphate/poly(L-lactic acid) (TCP/PLLA) scaffolds. The presence of Zn2+ largely enhanced osteogenic differentiation of periosteum-derived progenitor cells (PDPCs), which was coincident with increased transition from M1 to M2 macrophages (M[Formula: see text]s). We further confirmed that induction of M2 polarization by Zn2+ was realized via PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway, whereas marker molecules on this pathway were strictly regulated by the addition of Zn2+. Synergically, this favorable immunomodulatory effect of Zn2+ further improved the osteogenic differentiation of PDPCs induced by Zn2+ in vitro. Consistently, the spontaneous osteogenesis and pro-healing osteoimmunomodulation of the scaffolds were thoroughly identified in vivo using a rat air pouch model and a calvarial critical-size defect model. Taken together, Zn2+-releasing bioactive ceramics could be ideal scaffolds in bone tissue engineering due to their reciprocal interactions between osteoinductive and immunomodulatory characteristics. Clarification of this synergic role of Zn2+ during osteogenesis could pave the way to develop more sophisticated metal-ion based orthopedic therapeutic strategies.

5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(23): 6485-6494, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077226

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have remarkable and broad-spectrum antibacterial activities against Gram-positive (G+) and Gram-negative bacteria (G-). However, the negative surface potential of AgNPs limits their antibacterial activities due to the electrostatic repulsion with the negatively charged bacterial cell membrane. To address the limitation, AgNPs were loaded in the mesoporous silica nanoparticles by preparing silver core-mesoporous silica shell nanocapsules (Ag@MSNs), and then, a cationic antibacterial polymer, quaternary ammonium polyethyleneimine (QPEI), was used to modify Ag@MSNs for improving their surface potential and antibacterial activities. The results showed that the obtained Ag@MSN-QPEI exhibited a high positive surface potential (+39.6 mV) and a strong electrostatic attraction with Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans cells in coculture, resulting in an excellent bacterial cell-targeting effect. At the same concentration, Ag@MSN-QPEI exhibited less silver content (reducing the silver content of Ag@MSNs by 19%), higher antibacterial activities, and longer effective duration against Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (G+) and P. syringae pv. lachrymans (G-) than Ag@MSNs and QPEI alone. The excellent bacterial cell-targeting effect and synergistic antibacterial action combined with QPEI accounted for the significantly enhanced antibacterial activities of Ag@MSN-QPEI. Therefore, using a cationic antibacterial polymer to confer the bacterial cell-targeting effect and synergistic antibacterial action would be extended to other antimicrobial materials.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanocápsulas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Polietilenoimina , Dióxido de Silício , Prata/farmacologia
6.
Hematol Oncol ; 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061378

RESUMO

Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL) is a rare non-Hodgkin lymphoma that rarely arise exclusively in or metastasizes to the central nervous system (CNS). Globally, CNS involvement of NKTL heralds a serious prognosis and there is no standard treatment. 19 of 414 patients (4.59%) with ENKL followed were diagnosed with CNS involvement between 2006 and 2020. Two patients had primary CNS (PCNS) NKTL, and 17 patients had secondary CNS (SCNS) invasion. A total of 9 patients survived and 10 patients died. The median overall survival time was 55 months, and the median survival time after CNS invasion was 17 months. The 5-year cumulative survival probability was 45.7%. In conclusion, CNS risk evaluation and prophylaxis treatment can be carried out for patients with NK/T-cell lymphoma prognostic index risk group III/IV. In terms of treatment, systemic therapy based on methotrexate combined with radiotherapy and intrathecal chemotherapy can be selected.

7.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11220, 2021 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34045609

RESUMO

NK/T cell lymphoma (NKTCL) represents an aggressive lymphoid malignancy characterized by dismal prognosis. Immune-checkpoint blockade has shown promising efficacy in NKTCL. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying immune evasion in NKTCL have never been explored. Here, proteomic analysis was used to identify the differentially expressed proteins between NKTCL patients and healthy individuals. We found that S100A9, an immunosuppressive molecule, was much higher in NKTCL patients both in serum and tumor stroma. Elevated level of S100A9 was associated with advanced stage, poor overall response and early recurrence. Moreover, percentage of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in peripheral blood was positively correlated with levels of S100A9. Low concentration of S100A9 promoted proliferation of NKTCL cells, while did not affect cell apoptosis and cell cycles. Furthermore, programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression on NKTCL cells was up-regulated by S100A9 through activation of ERK1/2 signaling. Inhibition of ERK1/2 signaling significantly decreased tumor growth and PD-L1 expression induced by S100A9. In conclusion, our research firstly identified S100A9 as an immune suppressor in the tumorigenesis of NKTCL via accumulation of MDSCs and upregulation of PD-L1 expression. S100A9 may serve as a potential target to increase the efficacy of immunotherapy in NKTCL.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 787: 147422, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991920

RESUMO

In this work, a pH-responsive pesticide delivery system using mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) as the porous carriers and coordination complexes of Cu ions and tannic acid (TA-Cu) as the capping agent was established for controlling pyraclostrobin (PYR) release. The results showed the loading capacity of PYR@MSNs-TA-Cu nanoparticles for pyraclostrobin was 15.7 ± 0.5% and the TA-Cu complexes deposited on the MSNs surface could protect pyraclostrobin against photodegradation effectively. The nanoparticles had excellent pH responsive release performance due to the decomposition of TA-Cu complexes under the acid condition, which showed 8.53 ± 0.37%, 82.38 ± 1.67% of the encapsulated pyraclostrobin were released at pH 7.4, pH 4.5 after 7 d respectively. The contact angle and adhesion work of PYR@MSNs-TA-Cu nanoparticles on rice foliage were 86.3° ± 2.7° and 75.8 ± 3.1 mJ/m2 after 360 s respectively, indicating that TA on the surface of the nanoparticles could improve deposition efficiency and adhesion ability on crop foliage. The control effect of PYR@MSNs-TA-Cu nanoparticles against Rhizoctonia solani with 400 mg/L of pyraclostrobin was 85.82% after 7 d, while that of the same concentration of pyraclostrobin EC was 53.05%. The PYR@MSNs-TA-Cu nanoparticles did not show any phytotoxicity to the growth of rice plants. Meanwhile, the acute toxicity of PYR@MSNs-TA-Cu nanoparticles to zebrafish was decreased more than 9-fold compared with that of pyraclostrobin EC. Thus, pH-responsive PYR@MSNs-TA-Cu nanoparticles have great potential for enhancing targeting and environmental safety of the active ingredient.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Meio Ambiente , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Porosidade , Rhizoctonia , Dióxido de Silício , Estrobilurinas
9.
Ann Hematol ; 100(6): 1509-1516, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900450

RESUMO

Treatment outcomes of relapsed/refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma (R/R DLBCL) are far from satisfactory. Certain efficacy of ibrutinib has been observed in non-GCB subtype DLBCL patients. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of ibrutinib plus BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax in R/R DLBCL patients with non-GCB subtype and BCL2 overexpression. Combinational therapy (ibrutinib 560mg/day; venetoclax started 1 week later, oral dose increased from 100 to 400mg/day in 3 weeks) was conducted, and one cycle was 4 weeks. Both drugs were stopped when disease progress or serious adverse reactions appear. The primary end-point was overall response rate (ORR) at two cycles. From December 2018 to July 2020, a total of 13 patients were treated with the combined therapy. Among them, eleven (84.6%) patients previously received at least two treatment regimens, eight (61.5%) patients were C-myc and BCL2 double expression. The ORR at two cycles was 61.5%, with 3 (23.1%) patients achieved complete remission (CR) and 5 (38.4%) patients achieved partial remission (PR). The ORR at four cycles and six cycles was 53.8% and 46.2%, respectively. The median duration of response was 11 months (range, 1.5-13.6 months). The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 5.6 months (range, 0.4-15.6) and 11.3 months (range, 2.8-17.2), respectively. The most common adverse event was grade 1/2 neutropenia (53.8%), and nonhematologic toxicities included Grade1/2 diarrhea (46.2%) and elevated liver enzymes (30.8%). Combined therapy of ibrutinib and venetoclax showed promising efficacy and synergistic effects in R/R DLBCL patients with non-GCB subtype and BCL2 overexpression, and the toxicities were well-tolerated.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Adenina/efeitos adversos , Adenina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Piperidinas/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(8): 2382-2391, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605718

RESUMO

Considering the severity of plant pathogen resistance toward commonly used agricultural microbicides, as well as the potential threats of agrichemicals to the eco-environment, there is a pressing need for antimicrobial approaches that are capable of inactivating pathogens efficiently without the risk of inducing resistances and harm. In this work, a porphyrin metal-organic framework (MOF) nanocomposite was constructed by incorporating 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridinio)porphyrin tetra(p-toluenesulfonate) (TMPyP) as a photosensitizer (PS) in the cage of a variant MOF (HKUST-1) to efficiently produce singlet oxygen (1O2) to inactivate plant pathogens under light irradiation. The results showed that the prepared PS@MOF had a loading rate of PS about 12% (w/w) and excellent and broad-spectrum photodynamic antimicrobial activity in vitro against three plant pathogenic fungi and two pathogenic bacteria. Moreover, PS@MOF showed outstanding control efficacy against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on cucumber in the pot experiment. Allium cepa chromosome aberration assays and safety evaluation on cucumber and Chinese cabbage indicated that PS@MOF had no genotoxicity and was safe to plants. Thus, porphyrin MOF demonstrated a great potential as an alternative and efficient new microbicide for sustainable plant disease management.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Porfirinas , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Ascomicetos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfirinas/farmacologia
11.
Opt Lett ; 46(2): 158-161, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448977

RESUMO

Orbital angular momentum (OAM) light, combined with the nonlinear process to expand the frequency range, has drawn increasing research interest in recent years. Here, we implement the first, to the best of our knowledge, experimental fourth-harmonic generation of OAM light with two cascaded quasi-phase-matching crystals. A Laguerre-Gaussian beam was transmitted through a duplet crystals system and frequency-doubled twice by two separate second-harmonic generation processes, which transduced the frequency of the OAM beam from telecom band to visible band and then to ultraviolet (UV) band. The topological charge of the OAM beam was increased substantially in the cascaded frequency conversion processes. In this experiment, we verify the OAM conservation by utilizing a specially designed interferometer, and the results correspond well with the numerical simulation. This work provides an effective method for the generation of UV OAM beams with high topological charges.

12.
Int J Cancer ; 148(6): 1470-1477, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034052

RESUMO

To compare the efficacy and safety of radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy of pegaspargase, gemcitabine, cisplatin and dexamethasone (DDGP) combined with RT in newly diagnosed stage I-II natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL), we designed a randomized, controlled, open-label, multicenter clinical trial. Data from 65 stage I-II NKTL patients whose diagnoses were confirmed using immunohistochemistry were enrolled from January 2011 to December 2013 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Patients were randomly divided into the RT group (n = 35) and the DDGP combined with RT group (n = 30). There was a difference between the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score in the two arms (P = .013). The complete response rate (CRR) and objective response rate (ORR) of DDGP combined with RT group were superior to those in the RT group (CRR: 73.3% vs 48.6%; ORR: 83.3% vs 60.0%, respectively). The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate in the DDGP combined with RT group were higher than those in the RT group (82.9% vs 56.5% for PFS, P = .023; 85.7% vs 60.4% for OS, P = .040), and treatment methods and lactate dehydrogenase were independent risk factors. Myelosuppression (P < .001), gastrointestinal reactions (P < .001), abnormal liver function (P = .007), coagulation abnormalities (P < .001) and baldness (P < .001) were more likely to occur in the DDGP combined with RT group. In conclusion, DDGP combined with radiotherapy obviously obtained great efficacy and prolonged the survival time of patients, also the side effects were mild for stage I-II NKTL. This trial was registered at https://register.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01501136.

13.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(12): 1037, 2020 12 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281190

RESUMO

Previously, we confirmed that sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) inhibition improves sepsis-associated liver injury. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) translocation participates in the development of acute liver failure. However, little information is available on the association between SphK1 and HMGB1 translocation during sepsis-associated liver injury. In the present study, we aimed to explore the effect of SphK1 inhibition on HMGB1 translocation and the underlying mechanism during sepsis-associated liver injury. Primary Kupffer cells and hepatocytes were isolated from SD rats. The rat model of sepsis-associated liver damage was induced by intraperitoneal injection with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We confirmed that Kupffer cells were the cells primarily secreting HMGB1 in the liver after LPS stimulation. LPS-mediated HMGB1 expression, intracellular translocation, and acetylation were dramatically decreased by SphK1 inhibition. Nuclear histone deacetyltransferase 4 (HDAC4) translocation and E1A-associated protein p300 (p300) expression regulating the acetylation of HMGB1 were also suppressed by SphK1 inhibition. HDAC4 intracellular translocation has been reported to be controlled by the phosphorylation of HDAC4. The phosphorylation of HDAC4 is modulated by CaMKII-δ. However, these changes were completely blocked by SphK1 inhibition. Additionally, by performing coimmunoprecipitation and pull-down assays, we revealed that SphK1 can directly interact with CaMKII-δ. The colocalization of SphK1 and CaMKII-δ was verified in human liver tissues with sepsis-associated liver injury. In conclusion, SphK1 inhibition diminishes HMGB1 intracellular translocation in sepsis-associated liver injury. The mechanism is associated with the direct interaction of SphK1 and CaMKII-δ.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Fígado/lesões , Fígado/metabolismo , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/metabolismo , Sepse/complicações , Acetilação , Animais , Proteína p300 Associada a E1A/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Macrófagos do Fígado/metabolismo , Macrófagos do Fígado/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Modelos Biológicos , Fosforilação , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/antagonistas & inibidores , Ligação Proteica , Transporte Proteico , Células RAW 264.7 , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo
14.
Opt Express ; 28(24): 35415-35426, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33379656

RESUMO

With the development of optical information processing technology, image edge enhancement technology has rapidly received extensive attention, especially in the field of quantum imaging. However, quantum edge enhanced imaging faces challenges in terms of time-consuming acquisition processes and the complexity of the devices used, which limits practical applications in real-time usage scenarios. Here we introduce and experimentally demonstrate a real-time (0.5 Hz) quantum edge enhanced imaging method that combines the spiral phase contrast technique with heralded single-photon imaging. The edge enhancement results show high quality and background free from raw data. Compared with direct imaging, our configuration can improve the signal-to-noise ratio significantly using the tight time correlations between photon pairs. The method also offers competitive advantages over ghost imaging, including higher brightness and a compact optical fiber delay rather than a free space delay. Additionally, we explore curved edge enhancement for specific feature recognition and the oriented shadow effect. Overall, this efficient and versatile platform paves an alternative path toward real-time quantum edge detection in applications including nondestructive bio-imaging, night vision and covert monitoring.

15.
Sci Adv ; 6(51)2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328227

RESUMO

Metasurfaces consisting of engineered dielectric or metallic structures provide unique solutions to realize exotic phenomena including negative refraction, achromatic focusing, electromagnetic cloaking, and so on. The intersection of metasurface and quantum optics may lead to new opportunities but is much less explored. Here, we propose and experimentally demonstrate that a polarization-entangled photon source can be used to switch ON or OFF the optical edge detection mode in an imaging system based on a high-efficiency dielectric metasurface. This experiment enriches both fields of metasurface and quantum optics, representing a promising direction toward quantum edge detection and image processing with remarkable signal-to-noise ratio.

16.
Eur J Radiol ; 133: 109301, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157372

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the midterm efficacy and prognostic evaluation of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) by three image analysis methods: International Harmonization Project (IHP), Deauville 5-Point Scale (5-PS) and Δ SUVmax criteria in 18F-FDG PET/CT. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 141 patients with DLBCL. All patients were given 3-4 cycles of chemotherapy and 18F-FDG PET/CT. According to three criteria, the patients were divided into negative and positive groups, respectively. Statistical methods were used to assess the midterm efficacy and prognosis factors. RESULTS: During the midterm follow-up, a total of 109 people achieved CR. Three methods showed statistically significant differences in OS and PFS for the interim PET/CT, and Δ SUVmax criterion was an independent risk factor for the prognosis of DLBCL patients. CONCLUSION: In our research, IHP, 5-PS and Δ SUVmax criteria all had a significant predictive value, while Δ SUVmax criterion had more advantages in evaluating the midterm efficacy and predicting prognosis for patients with DLBCL in interim PET/CT. But it should be noticed that Δ SUVmax criterion needs more strict guidelines in multicenter trials. The optimal cutoff value of Δ SUVmax% we recommended was 81.54%, which helped to judge the midterm efficacy.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1135: 64-72, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070860

RESUMO

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), which converts the phosphate group (-PO4) in the substrate to the hydroxyl group (-OH), is a useful tool in the biological analysis, a good indicator of dissolved inorganic phosphorus levels and an important biomarker for several diseases. In conventional designs for ALP detection, both the interferent with a -PO4 and the target with a -OH will go into the sensing path and give out the undesired background and the desired signal respectively. This limited the sensitivity of the method and required the complicated design to achieve a satisfying limit of detection (LOD) of ALP. Here, we provided a new sensing strategy for ALP detection design. We designed a path-choice-based biosensor with two DNA tracks in which ALP works as the switch to guide the reaction path of lambda exonuclease (λ exo). The path-choice character enlarged the difference between signal and background by separating the interferent removing path and the target sensing path. The substrate preference of ALP and λ exo was studied to optimize the structure of DNA tracks. The path-choice-based biosensor achieved simple, fast (30 min), sensitive (LOD 0.014 U L-1) and selective detection of the activity of ALP. The method has been applied to detect the activity of ALP in cell lysates, which shows the potential application in ALP-related biological research.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina , Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA , Limite de Detecção
18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4442, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895376

RESUMO

The generation and manipulation of spin polarization at room temperature are essential for 2D van der Waals (vdW) materials-based spin-photonic and spintronic applications. However, most of the high degree polarization is achieved at cryogenic temperatures, where the spin-valley polarization lifetime is increased. Here, we report on room temperature high-spin polarization in 2D layers by reducing its carrier lifetime via the construction of vdW heterostructures. A near unity degree of polarization is observed in PbI2 layers with the formation of type-I and type-II band aligned vdW heterostructures with monolayer WS2 and WSe2. We demonstrate that the spin polarization is related to the carrier lifetime and can be manipulated by the layer thickness, temperature, and excitation wavelength. We further elucidate the carrier dynamics and measure the polarization lifetime in these heterostructures. Our work provides a promising approach to achieve room temperature high-spin polarizations, which contribute to spin-photonics applications.

19.
Oncol Lett ; 20(3): 2225-2231, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782539

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most lethal malignancy and is the second most common cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. The development of high-throughput sequencing has enabled the identification of potential biomarkers for the diagnosis and treatment of various types of cancer. Although microRNA-101 (miR-101) has been demonstrated to be a potential biomarker of CRC, its detailed mechanisms remain to be fully discovered. In the present study, overall survival analysis was applied to determine the association between miR-101 and CRC prognosis. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to examine gene expression levels in tissues and cells. Cell proliferative and apoptotic activities were determined by MTT and flow cytometry assays, respectively. Wound healing and Transwell assays were used to examine CRC cell migration and invasion, respectively. In the present study, RT-qPCR analysis indicated that miR-101 was significantly downregulated in CRC tissues and cells. However, clinical data collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas revealed no significant association between the expression levels of miR-101 and the prognosis of CRC. Additionally, miR-101 inhibited the progression of CRC by directly binding to the 3'-untranslated region of Ras-related protein Rap1b (Rap1b). This was associated with downregulation of Rap1b expression. Furthermore, the overexpression of Rap1b promoted miR-101 mimic-attenuated CRC cell progression. The present study demonstrated that miR-101 may be involved in the repression of the CRC progression by forming a negative feedback loop with Rap1b. The findings revealed the interaction between miR-101 and Rap1b during the progression of CRC, which could aid the development of therapeutic strategies.

20.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(14): 2692-2703, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792865

RESUMO

Our previous studies have found that human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 E7 oncoprotein promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) protein accumulation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) is highly expressed in NSCLC tissues. Here, we further explored the role of MAOA in HPV-16 E7-induced EMT and HIF-1α protein accumulation in A549 and NCI-H460 NSCLC cells. Our results showed that HPV-16 E7 enhanced MAOA expression in NSCLC cells. Additionally, MAOA knockout inhibited HPV-16 E7-induced migration, invasion, and EMT, and significantly reduced HPV-16 E7-induced ROS generation and HIF-1α protein accumulation via promoting its degradation. Furthermore, MAOA knockout suppressed HPV-16 E7-induced ERK1/2 activation. In vivo, MAOA knockout inhibited tumor growth, metastasis, and the expression of EMT-related markers and HIF-1α proteins induced by HPV-16 E7 in NCI-H460 NSCLC subcutaneous xenograft and in situ intrapulmonary models of nude mice. Taken together, our findings provide evidence that MAOA plays a key role in EMT and HIF-1α protein accumulation induced by HPV-16 E7 in NSCLC cells, suggesting that MAOA may be a potential therapeutic target for HPV-related NSCLC.

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