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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For its better differentiated hepatocyte phenotype, C3A cell line has been utilized in bioartificial liver system. However, up to now, there are only a few of studies working at the metabolic alternations of C3A cells under the culture conditions with liver failure plasma, which mainly focus on carbohydrate metabolism, total protein synthesis and ureagenesis. In this study, we investigated the effects of acute liver failure plasma on the growth and biological functions of C3A cells, especially on CYP450 enzymes. METHODS: C3A cells were treated with fresh DMEM medium containing 10% FBS, fresh DMEM medium containing 10% normal plasma and acute liver failure plasma, respectively. After incubation, the C3A cells were assessed for cell viabilities, lactate dehydrogenase leakage, gene transcription, protein levels, albumin secretion, ammonia metabolism and CYP450 enzyme activities. RESULTS: Cell viabilities decreased 15%, and lactate dehydrogenase leakage had 1.3-fold elevation in acute liver failure plasma group. Gene transcription exhibited up-regulation, down-regulation or stability for different hepatic genes. In contrast, protein expression levels for several CYP450 enzymes kept constant, while the CYP450 enzyme activities decreased or remained stable. Albumin secretion reduced about 48%, and ammonia accumulation increased approximately 41%. CONCLUSIONS: C3A cells cultured with acute liver failure plasma showed mild inhibition of cell viabilities, reduction of albumin secretion, and increase of ammonia accumulation. Furthermore, CYP450 enzymes demonstrated various alterations on gene transcription, protein expression and enzyme activities.

3.
Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int ; 15(2): 173-9, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27020634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Differentiation of liver progenitor cells (LPCs) to functional hepatocytes holds great potential to develop new strategies for hepatocyte transplantation and the screening of drug-induced cytotoxicity. However, reports on the efficient and convenient hepatic differentiation of LPCs to hepatocytes are few. The present study aims to investigate the possibility of generating functional hepatocytes from LPCs in an indirect co-culture system. METHODS: Mouse LPCs were co-cultured in Transwell plates with an immortalized human hepatic stellate cell line (HSC-Li) we previously established. The morphology, expression of hepatic markers, and functions of mouse LPC-derived cells were monitored and compared with those of conventionally cultured LPCs. RESULTS: Co-culturing with HSC-Li cells induced differentiation of mouse LPCs into functional hepatocyte-like cells. The differentiated cells were morphologically transformed into hepatocyte-like cells 3 days after co-culture initiation. In addition, the differentiated cells expressed liver-specific genes and possessed hepatic functions, including glycogen storage, low-density lipoprotein uptake, albumin secretion, urea synthesis, and cytochrome P450 1A2 enzymatic activity. CONCLUSIONS: Our method, which employs indirect co-culture with HSC-Li cells, can efficiently induce the differentiation of LPCs into functional hepatocytes. This finding suggests that this co-culture system can be a useful method for the efficient generation of functional hepatocytes from LPCs.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Comunicação Parácrina , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Albuminas/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Forma Celular , Técnicas de Cocultura , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/metabolismo , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A2/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Glicogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Fígado/citologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fenótipo , Fatores de Tempo , Ureia/metabolismo
4.
Int J Med Sci ; 12(3): 248-55, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25678842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The liver-specific functions of hepatocytes are improved by co-culturing hepatocytes with primary hepatic stellate cells (HSC). However, primary HSC have a short lifespan in vitro, which is considered a major limitation for their use in various applications. This study aimed to establish immortalized human HSC using the simian virus 40 large T antigen (SV40LT) for applications in co-culturing with hepatocytes and HSC in vitro. METHODS: Primary human HSC were transfected with a recombinant retrovirus containing SV40LT. The immortalized human HSC were characterized by analyzing their gene expression and functional characteristics. The liver-specific functions of hepatocytes were evaluated in a co-culture system incorporating immortalized human hepatocytes with HSC-Li cells. RESULTS: The immortalized HSC line, HSC-Li, was obtained after infection with a recombinant retrovirus containing SV40LT. The HSC-Li cells were longitudinally spindle-like and had numerous fat droplets in their cytoplasm as shown using electron microscopy. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), VEGF Receptor 1(Flt-1), collagen type Iα1 and Iα2 mRNA expression levels were observed in the HSC-Li cells by RT-PCR. Immunofluorescence staining showed that the HSC-Li cells were positive for α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta (PDGFR-ß), vimentin, and SV40LT protein expression. The HSC-Li cells produced both HGF and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-ß1) in a time-dependent manner. Real-time PCR showed that albumin, CYP3A5, CYP2E1, and UGT2B7 mRNA expression generally increased in the co-culture system. The enzymatic activity of CYP1A2 under the co-culture conditions also generally increased as compared to the monoculture of immortalized human hepatocytes. CONCLUSIONS: We successfully established the immortalized human HSC cell line HSC-Li. It has the specific phenotypic and functional characteristics of primary human HSC, which would be a useful tool to develop anti-fibrotic therapies. Co-culturing with the HSC-Li cells improved the liver-specific functions of hepatocytes, which may be valuable and applicable for bioartificial liver systems.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Células Estreladas do Fígado/citologia , Hepatócitos/citologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Antígenos Transformantes de Poliomavirus/genética , Linhagem Celular Transformada , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fígado/citologia
5.
J Exp Bot ; 66(3): 695-707, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25297548

RESUMO

Melatonin is a well-known agent that plays multiple roles in animals. Its possible function in plants is less clear. In the present study, we tested the effect of melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) on soybean growth and development. Coating seeds with melatonin significantly promoted soybean growth as judged from leaf size and plant height. This enhancement was also observed in soybean production and their fatty acid content. Melatonin increased pod number and seed number, but not 100-seed weight. Melatonin also improved soybean tolerance to salt and drought stresses. Transcriptome analysis revealed that salt stress inhibited expressions of genes related to binding, oxidoreductase activity/process, and secondary metabolic processes. Melatonin up-regulated expressions of the genes inhibited by salt stress, and hence alleviated the inhibitory effects of salt stress on gene expressions. Further detailed analysis of the affected pathways documents that melatonin probably achieved its promotional roles in soybean through enhancement of genes involved in cell division, photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis, and ascorbate metabolism. Our results demonstrate that melatonin has significant potential for improvement of soybean growth and seed production. Further study should uncover more about the molecular mechanisms of melatonin's function in soybeans and other crops.


Assuntos
Melatonina/farmacologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Soja/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Soja/efeitos dos fármacos , Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Theor Appl Genet ; 125(7): 1413-23, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22733447

RESUMO

Phytic acid (myo-inositol 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 hexakisphosphate) is an important constituent of soybean meal. Since phytic acid and its mineral salts (phytates) are almost indigestible for monogastrics, their abundance in grain food/feed causes nutritional and environmental problems; interest in breeding low phytic acid has therefore increased considerably. Based on gene mapping and the characteristics of inositol polyphosphates profile in the seeds of a soybean mutant line Gm-lpa-ZC-2, the soybean ortholog of inositol 1,3,4,5,6 pentakisphosphate (InsP(5)) 2-kinase (IPK1), which transforms InsP(5) into phytic acid, was first hypothesized as the candidate gene responsible for the low phytic acid alteration in Gm-lpa-ZC-2. One IPK1 ortholog (Glyma14g07880, GmIPK1) was then identified in the mapped region on chromosome 14. Sequencing revealed a G → A point mutation in the genomic DNA sequence and the exclusion of the entire fifth exon in the cDNA sequence of GmIPK1 in Gm-lpa-ZC-2 compared with its wild-type progenitor Zhechun No. 3. The excluded exon encodes 37 amino acids that spread across two conserved IPK1 motifs. Furthermore, complete co-segregation of low phytic acid phenotype with the G → A mutation was observed in the F(2) population of ZC-lpa x Zhexiandou No. 4 (a wild-type cultivar). Put together, the G → A point mutation affected the pre-mRNA splicing and resulted in the exclusion of the fifth exon of GmIPK1 which is expected to disrupt the GmIPK1 functionality, leading to low phytic acid level in Gm-lpa-ZC-2. Gm-lpa-ZC-2, would be a good germplasm source in low phytic acid soybean breeding.


Assuntos
Éxons/genética , Mutação/genética , Ácido Fítico/metabolismo , Sítios de Splice de RNA/genética , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Soja/enzimologia , Soja/genética , Sequência de Bases , Cruzamentos Genéticos , DNA Complementar/genética , DNA de Plantas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas/genética , Homozigoto , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fenótipo , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/genética , Mapeamento Físico do Cromossomo , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Soja/embriologia , Transcrição Genética
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 90(38): 2708-12, 2010 Oct 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21162903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of drynaria total flavonoid on osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) at different glucose concentrations. METHODS: BMSCs of SD rats were isolated, cultivated in vitro, and divided into 6 groups to be induced to differentiate into osteoblasts under different conditions: (1) low glucose control group, (2) high glucose control group, (3) low glucose classical induction group (sodium glycerophosphate+vitamin C+dexamethasone), (4) high glucose classical induction group (sodium glycerophosphate+vitamin C+dexamethasone), (5) low glucose+drynaria total flavonoid group, and (6) high glucose with drynaria total flavonoid group. Alkaline phosphate (ALP) test kit was used to examine the level of ALP. The ALP staining positive rate was examined with modified calcium cobalt method. Alizarin red staining was adopted to observe the number of calcium nodes. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect type I collagen level. Advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) were tested by ELISA. RESULTS: The A value indicating the ALP activity, ALP staining positive rate, calcium node number, and type I collagen expression score of the low glucose+drynaria total flavonoid group were (0.439±0.024), 48.7%, (9.75±1.71) nodes/HP, and (2.21±0.07) respectively, all significantly higher than those of the sodium glycerophosphate+vitamin C+dexamethasone [(0.385±0.029), 35.0%, (6.25±0.96) nodes/HP, and (1.93±0.13) respectively, all P<0.05]. The A value, ALP staining positive rate, calcium node number, and type I collagen expression score of the high glucose with drynaria total flavonoid group were (0.352±0.022), 25.3%, (4.50±1.29)/HP, and (1.70±0.03) respectively, all significantly higher than those of the sodium glycerophosphate+vitamin C+dexamethasone [(0.139±0.013), 22.7%, (3.25±1.50)/HP, and (1.28±0.27) respectively, all P<0.05]. The AGE expression levels of the high glucose classical induction group and high glucose+drynaria total flavonoid group were both significantly higher than those of the low glucose classical induction group and low glucose+drynaria total flavonoid group (both P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the AGE level among the low glucose control, low glucose classical induction, and low glucose+drynaria total flavonoid groups (all P<0.05); and among the high glucose control, high glucose classical induction, and high glucose+drynaria total flavonoid groups (all P<0.05). However, the AGE levels of the high glucose groups were all significantly higher than those of the corresponding low glucose groups (all P<0.05). Glucose increased the AGE levels dose- and time-dependently. The concentrations of AGEs were significantly negatively correlated with the expression of type I collagen (r=-0.410, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Drynaria total flavonoid promotes the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs and relieves the inhibitory effect of osteogenic differentiation by glucose at high concentration. Thus drynaria total flavonoid may provide a potential therapy for diabetic osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Polypodiaceae/química , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Glucose/metabolismo , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 44(10): 923-7, 2010 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21176525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was to investigate the growth and proliferation characteristics of rat bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) isolated by the method of whole bone marrow culture and to explore the effect of cell inoculation density and incubation period on cell proliferation, with an aim to provide multipotential seed cells for preventing from degenerative disease. METHODS: Bone mesenchymal stem cells were isolated by the method of whole bone marrow culture and then cultured in vitro. The cell morphologic features were observed by inverted microscope. The cell surface antigens were identified by flow cytometry. The effect of cell inoculation density and culture period on cell growth and proliferation was explored by analyzing the characteristics of a ten-day cell growth curve in 96-well plates. RESULTS: Flow cytometry results showed the detection rates for CD29, CD34 and CD45 were 97.68% (7607/7788), 7.93% (661/8340) and 2.76% (215/7788) respectively, which was consistent with the expression characteristics of BMSCs surface antigens. BMSCs became uniform after three cell passages, existing in a typical shape of whirlpool or radial colony. The senescent cells started to appear at 7(th) passage, and more senescent cells were found at 10(th) passage. The growth curve for moderate inoculation density was typically S-shaped. Lag phase was found during the first two days, and logarithm growth phase was in the following three days. Plateau phase started from the 6(th) day and cell numbers decreased slightly from the 8(th) day. CONCLUSION: The whole bone marrow culture is an effective way to obtain BMSCs. A moderate inoculation density was more advantageous to cell proliferation, by which more seed cells could be obtained.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Proliferação de Células , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Citometria de Fluxo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 57(9): 3632-8, 2009 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19323582

RESUMO

Reduction of phytic acid in soybean seeds has the potential to improve the nutritional value of soybean meal and lessen phosphorus pollution in large scale animal farming. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of two new low phytic acid (LPA) mutations on seed quality and nutritional traits. Multilocation/season comparative analyses showed that the two mutations did not affect the concentration of crude protein, any of the individual amino acids, crude oil, and individual saturated fatty acids. Among other traits, Gm-lpa-TW75-1 had consistently higher sucrose contents (+47.4-86.1%) and lower raffinose contents (-74.2 to -84.3%) than those of wild type (WT) parent Taiwan 75; Gm-lpa-ZC-2 had higher total isoflavone contents (3038.8-4305.4 microg/g) than its parent Zhechun # 3 (1583.6-2644.9 microg/g) in all environments. Further tests of homozygous F(3) progenies of the cross Gm-lpa-ZC-2 x Wuxing # 4 (WT variety) showed that LPA lines had a mean content of total isoflavone significantly higher than WT lines. This study demonstrated that two LPA mutant genes have no negative effects on seed quality and nutritional traits; they instead have the potential to improve a few other properties. Therefore, these two mutant genes are valuable genetic resources for breeding high quality soybean varieties.


Assuntos
Mutação , Valor Nutritivo , Ácido Fítico/análise , Sementes/genética , Soja/genética , Cruzamento , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Isoflavonas/análise , Oligossacarídeos/análise , Óleos Vegetais/análise , Proteínas de Plantas/análise , Rafinose/análise , Estações do Ano , Sementes/química , Soja/química , Sacarose/análise
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