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Dalton Trans ; 46(23): 7549-7555, 2017 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28573278


The precise and real-time monitoring of localized pH changes is of great importance in many engineering and environmental fields, especially for monitoring small pH changes in biological environments and living cells. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with their nanoscale processability show very promising applications in bioimaging and biomonitoring, but the fabrication of nanoscale MOFs is still a challenge. In this study, we synthesized a nanoscale mixed-lanthanide metal-organic framework by a microemulsion method. The morphology and size of the NMOF can be simply adjusted by the addition of different amounts of the CTAB surfactant. This NMOF exhibits significant pH-dependent luminescence emission, which can act as a self-referenced pH sensor based on two emissions of Tb3+ at 545 nm and Eu3+ at 618 nm in the pH range from 3.00 to 7.00. The MTT assay and optical microscopy assay demonstrate the low cytotoxicity and good biocompatibility of the nanosensor.

Sci Eng Ethics ; 22(5): 1497-1511, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26354075


As knowledge has become more closely tied to economic development, the interrelationship between academia and industry has become stronger. The result has been the emergence of what Slaughter and Leslie call academic capitalism. Inevitably, tensions between academia and industry arise; however, universities such as MIT and Stanford with long traditions of industry interaction have been able to achieve a balance between academic and market values. This paper describes the strategies adopted by MIT and Stanford to achieve this balance. The results indicate that implicit culture is a stronger determinant of balance than are explicit rules. Finally, the author proposes a concept of balance to reconsider the relationship between academia and industry: today's universities, particularly those with strengths in engineering and management, are both symbiotic and interdependent with industry. A reasonable attitude toward the university-industry relationship is that of balance rather than strict separation. Universities can thus establish effective mechanisms to reach a balance between conflicting values.

Indústrias/ética , Universidades/ética , Atitude , Indústrias/tendências , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Universidades/tendências
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(35): 7420-31, 2015 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25715078


Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) hold great promise for developing various types of luminescent sensors due to their remarkable structural diversity and tunable luminescence properties. In the last few years, utilizing luminescent MOFs to explore temperature sensing has gained intense attention. In this feature article, after the general description of luminescence thermometry, we have summarized the recent progress made in luminescent MOF thermometers, with particular emphasis on the dual-emitting MOFs that effectively illustrate the self-referencing temperature measurement based on the intensity ratios of two separate transitions.