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1.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002629

RESUMO

Laryngeal papillomas (LP) is a difficult disease to manage due to its frequent recurrence, airway compromise, and risk of cancer. Recently, growing evidence indicates the aberrant expression of OGFPD1, a stress granule protein, links closely to the development of tumorigenesis; however, little is known about its role in LP progression. Here, we investigated the tumor promoting action of OGFOD1 in LP. The transcriptional and translational levels of OGFOD1 were significantly up-regulated in LP tissues and cells. Moreover, OGFOD1 promoted viability and proliferation, and inhibited LP cells apoptosis. We further revealed that OGFOD1 was directly targeted by miR-1224-5p, which was significantly down-regulated in LP. Overexpression of the miR-1224-5p suppressed OGFOD1-induced cell proliferation and viability, and promoted apoptosis of LP. In accordance, knockdown of miR-1224-5p inversed the inhibitory effects. In confederation of the central involvement of OGFOD1 in LP progression, targeting the miR-1224-5p/OGFOD1 pathway might provide a novel strategy for LP treatment.

2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(1): 767-783, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927533

RESUMO

The prognosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients remains poor. High-throughput sequencing data have laid a solid foundation for identifying genes related to cancer prognosis, but a gene marker is needed to predict clinical outcomes in HNSCC. In our study, we downloaded RNA Seq, single nucleotide polymorphism, copy number variation, and clinical follow-up data from TCGA. The samples were randomly divided into training and test. In the training set, we screened genes and used random forests for feature selection. Gene-related prognostic models were established and validated in a test set and GEO verification set. Six genes (PEX11A, NLRP2, SERPINE1, UPK, CTTN, D2HGDH) were ultimately obtained through random forest feature selection. Cox regression analysis confirmed the 6-gene signature is an independent prognostic factor in HNSCC patients. This signature effectively stratified samples in the training, test, and external verification sets (P < 0.01). The 5-year survival AUC in the training and verification sets was greater than 0.74. Thus, we have constructed a 6-gene signature as a new prognostic marker for predicting survival of HNSCC patients.

3.
J Cancer ; 10(27): 6910-6914, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839826

RESUMO

CCL18 is a cytokine secreted by M2 type tumor associated macrophages, which frequently over-expressed in diverse human cancers. However, the clinical significance of serum CCL18 in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remains unknown. In this study, serum CCL18 was initially quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 146 patients with LSCC, 25 patients with precancerous lesions and 72 healthy volunteers. In addition, the correlations between serum CCL18 and clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. Our data revealed that serum CCL18 was obviously increased in patients with LSCC. Moreover, serum CCL18 level was significantly associated with primary tumor site (Glottic vs Others), T classification (T1+T2 vs T3+T4), clinical stage (I+II vs III+IV) and lymph node metastasis (N0 vs N+). Survival analysis demonstrated that patients with high serum CCL18 displayed a shorter survival time than those in patients with low serum CCL18. Importantly, serum CCL18 level and clinical stage were independent prognostic factors in patients with LSCC. Taken together, serum CCL18 could be used as a promising biomarker in patients with LSCC.

4.
Laryngoscope ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508818

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of drain placement on postoperative hematoma formation and other associated outcomes post-thyroid surgery in a large national cohort. METHODS: This was a retrospective study that analyzed data from the 2016-2017 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) public use files. Baseline characteristics and perioperative outcomes were compared between drain and no drain cohorts. RESULTS: A total of 11,626 patients were included; 3281 had a drain placed intraoperatively and 8345 did not. Otolaryngologists were 6.98 times more likely to place a drain after thyroidectomy than general surgeons (P < .001), and patients undergoing subtotal or total thyroidectomy were 2.17 times more likely to have a drain placed than if undergoing partial thyroidectomy (P < .001). Drain placement did not reduce hematoma formation on both univariate and multivariate analyses (adjusted OR = 0.93, P = .696). A slightly larger proportion of patients underwent unplanned intubation postoperatively among those who had a drain placed (0.76% vs. 0.29%, P < .001). Patients who received a drain were on average 4.63 times as likely to remain in the hospital for 2 or more days compared to those who did not receive a drain. CONCLUSION: Drain placement did not significantly affect postoperative hematoma formation following thyroidectomy. Drain placement should not be routinely employed in these patients. However, surgeon judgement and intraoperative considerations should be taken into account, as to when to place a drain. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: N/A Laryngoscope, 2019.

5.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(4): 2689-2701, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30768878

RESUMO

Metastasis is one of the primary causes for high mortality in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Our previous study showed that chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 18 (CCL18), derived from tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs), regulates SCCHN metastasis by promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and preserving stemness. However, the underlying mechanism needs to be further investigation. Interestingly, metadherin (MTDH) expression was induced when SCCHN cells were stimulated with recombinant CCL18 protein in this study. Suppressing MTDH expression reversed CCL18-induced migration, invasion and EMT in SCCHN cells. Furthermore, the NF-κB signalling pathway was involved in the MTDH knock-down cells with CCL18 stimulation. We performed ELISA to evaluate the CCL18 levels in the serums of 132 treatment-naive SCCHN patients, 25 patients with precancerous lesion and 32 healthy donors. Our results demonstrated that serum CCL18 levels were significantly higher in SCCHN patients than patients with precancerous lesion and healthy individuals. CCL18 levels were found to be significantly correlated with tumour classification, clinical stage, lymph node metastasis and histological grade in SCCHN patients. Thus, our findings suggest that CCL18 may serve as a potential biomarker for diagnosis of SCCHN and promote SCCHN invasion, migration and EMT by MTDH-NF-κB signalling pathway.

7.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 15250, 2018 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30323196

RESUMO

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a common malignant cancer that accounts for 5-10% of all cancers. This study aimed to identify essential genes associated with the prognosis of HNSCC and construct a powerful prognostic model for the risk assessment of HNSCC. RNAseq expression profile data for the patients with HNSCC were obtained from the TCGA database (GEO). A total of 500 samples with full clinical following-up were randomly divided into a training set and a validation set. The training set was used to screen for differentially expressed lncRNAs. Single-factor survival analysis was performed to obtain lncRNAs that associated with prognosis. A robust likelihood-based survival model was constructed to identify the lncRNAs that are essential for the prognosis of HNSCC. A co-expression network between genes and lncRNAs was also constructed to identify lncRNAs co-expressed with genes to serve as the final signature lncRNAs for prognosis. Finally, the prognostic effect of the signature lncRNAs was tested by multi-factor survival analysis and a scoring model for the prognosis of HNSCC was constructed. Moreover, the results of the validation set and the relative expression levels of the signature lncRNAs in the tumour and the adjacent tissue were consistent with the results of the training set. The 5 lncRNAs were distributed among 3 expression modules. Further KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that these 3 co-expressed modules participate in different pathways, and many of these pathways are associated with the development and progression of disease. Therefore, we proposed that the 5 validated lncRNAs can be used to predict the prognosis of HNSCC patients and can be applied in postoperative treatment and follow-up.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Transcriptoma , Idoso , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
Cancer Cell Int ; 18: 120, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30181713

RESUMO

Background: Alternatively activated macrophages in tumor microenvironment is defined as M2 tumor-associated macrophages (M2 TAMs) that promote cancer progression. However, communicative mechanisms between M2 TAMs and cancer cells in squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN) remain largely unknown. Methods: Quantitative real-time PCR, western blotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry were applied to quantify mRNA and protein expression of genes related to M2 TAMs, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and stemness. Wounding-healing and Transwell invasion assays were performed to detect the invasion and migration. Sphere formation assay was used to detect the stemness of SCCHN cells. RNA-sequencing and following bioinformatics analysis were used to determine the alterations of transcriptome. Results: THP-1 monocytes were successfully polarized into M2-like TAMs, which was manifested by increased mRNA and protein expression of CCL18, IL-10 and CD206. Conditioned medium from M2-like TAMs promoted the migration and invasion of SCCHN cells, which was accompanied by the occurrence of EMT and enhanced stemness. Importantly, CCL18 neutralizing antibody partially abrogated these effects that caused by conditional medium from M2-like TAMs. In addition, recombinant human CCL18 (rhCCL18) correspondingly promoted the malignant biological behaviors of SCCHN in vitro. Finally, RNA-sequencing analysis identified 331 up-regulated and 363 down-regulated genes stimulated by rhCCL18, which were statistically enriched in 10 cancer associated signaling pathways. Conclusion: These findings indicate that CCL18 derived from M2-like TAMs promotes metastasis via inducing EMT and cancer stemness in SCCHN in vitro.

9.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 43(6): 685-690, 2018 Jun 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30110013

RESUMO

Prolin-rich Akt substrate of 40 kD (PRAS40) is firstly identified as a partner of 14-3-3 protein and a substrate of Akt kinase by Roth et al in 2003. Accumulated evidence shows that PRAS40 is mainly activated by phosphorylate modification at different sites. PRAS40 may be involved in various of signaling pathways, such as mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), protein kinase B (Akt), NF-κB and ribosomal protein L11 (RPL11) etc, which can regulate cell proliferation, senescence, autophagy, apoptosis and exosome secretion.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Humanos , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
10.
J Cancer ; 9(1): 198-204, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29290786

RESUMO

Purpose: Lysine demethylase (KDM) 5B, as a member of the histone lysine demethylase family, is overexpressed and functions abnormally in various human cancers. However, its expression in the squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) remains unclear. Methods: KDM5B expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry and correlated with clinicopathological parameters in 103 archival SCCHN tissue samples and 24 adjacent noncancerous epithelial tissues. Results: We found that KDM5B expression was higher in SCCHN than that in adjacent noncancerous tissues. This was closely associated with lymph node metastasis and tumor recurrence. In addition, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with high KDM5B expression had shorter disease-free and overall survival times than those with low KDM5B expression. Importantly, both univariate and multivariate analysis demonstrated that KDM5B level was an independent prognostic factor in SCCHN patients. Conclusions: These results indicate that KDM5B is a valuable biomarker that can be used to predict SCCHN patient outcome.

11.
Oncol Rep ; 38(5): 2893-2900, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28901527

RESUMO

Hypoxia is a hallmark of progressive cancer. Hypoxic cancer cells trigger glycolysis in response to a decreased O2 supply to meet metabolic and bioenergetic demands. Meanwhile, these responses to hypoxia and alterations of the microenvironment promote cancer cell metastasis by increasing transcription of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-regulated genes. However, the detailed mechanism by which hypoxia regulates cancer cell metastasis and glycolysis remains to be investigated. In the present study, we identified that metadherin (MTDH), a multifaceted oncogene, is involved in the regulation of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) metastasis and invasion under hypoxic conditions. Furthermore, the study indicated that there is a positive feedback loop between HIF-1α and MTDH in HNSCC cells, and that hypoxia promotes HNSCC cell metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition by mediating the HIF-1α-MTDH loop. These findings implicate HIF-1α-MTDH as a promising target for anticancer drugs in solid tumors, and help to explain the pro-tumorigenic and unfavorable effect of MTDH on HNSCC observed in our previous studies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Glicólise , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Retroalimentação Fisiológica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
12.
J Cancer ; 8(12): 2336-2345, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28819438

RESUMO

Derlin-1 is over-expressed to function as an oncoprotein in breast, lung and colon cancers. However, the implications of Derlin-1 involved in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) remain unknown. This study aims to investigate the effects of Derlin-1 expression on SCCHN tissues and cells. The potential mechanism of Derlin-1 regulating SCCHN cell proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis was also indicated in this work. Western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays showed that Derlin-1 was over-expressed in 114 SCCHN samples and five SCCHN cell lines. We found that the expression of Derlin-1 was positively associated with lymph node metastasis, clinical stage and recurrence in our SCCHN patients' samples. Survival analysis indicated that high expression of Derlin-1 was significantly associated with shorter overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Knock down expression of Derlin-1 in SCCHN cell lines was found to inhibit cell proliferation, metastasis and promote cell apoptosis. Further experiments showed that signals of PI3K/Akt, p53 and Smad2/3 may involve in these processes. In all, Derlin-1 might be a novel prognostic marker of SCCHN patients and plays an oncogenic role in SCCHN cell progression.

13.
Am J Cancer Res ; 7(12): 2554-2565, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29312808

RESUMO

PURPOSE: MicroRNAs function through regulating specific target mRNA expression and then participate in the development and progression of diverse human cancers. MiR-98 shows aberrant expression and dysfunction in tumors. However, its clinical significance and exact role in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) remain elusive. METHODS: MiR-98 expression was examined by qRT-PCR and correlated with clinicopathological variables and prognosis in SCCHN patients. Effects of miR-98 on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the malignant phenotypes of SCCHN were studied. Finally, the role of target gene metadherin (MTDH) in miR-98 mediated effects were assayed. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that miR-98, as an endogenous inhibitor of MTDH via directly binding to its 3'-untranslated region (UTR) region, decreased significantly in SCCHN tissues. Decreased miR-98 expression was negatively correlated with T classification, clinical stage, lymph node metastasis and a shorter survival status in SCCHN patients. Loss-of-function and gain-of-function analyses confirmed that miR-98 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion of SCCHN cells in vitro. Moreover, miR-98 repression led to increased MTDH expression and induced EMT alteration. Importantly, ectopic expression of MTDH partially reversed the effects caused by miR-98 overexpression. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identifies that miR-98 serves as a suppressor in SCCHN progression via targeting oncogene MTDH.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 94(6): e502, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25674742

RESUMO

Our previous study indicated overexpression of metadherin (MTDH) is an adverse prognostic factor in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) and promotes SCCHN cell proliferation and invasion. However, its mechanism remains unclear. Recent studies have indicated that MTDH is a cancer-metastasis-associated molecule that participates in the process of angiogenesis. Therefore, the study is aimed to investigate that whether vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as one of the most potent proangiogenic cytokines, is regulated by MTDH and the role of the phosphatidylinositide 3-kinases/Protein Kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway in this process of regulation and the clinical significance of both MTDH and VEGF in SCCHN.Immunohistochemistry was used to assay the expression of MTDH and VEGF in a cohort of 189 SCCHN patients with intact follow-up information. The expression of MTDH was then upregulated or inhibited by lentivirus-mediated MTDH Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid or MTDH short hairpin ribonucleic acid (shRNA) to observe the resulting alterations in VEGF expression and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in SCCHN cell lines. In addition, the PI3K/Akt pathway was modulated to observe the resulting changes in the MTDH-mediated expression of VEGF.The immunohistochemistry data showed that MTDH expression is positively correlated with VEGF expression in SCCHN tissues. Moreover, the overexpression of MTDH in SCCHN Tu686 and 5-8F cells led to increases in the expression of VEGF, and this effect was accompanied by activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway. Conversely, shRNA-mediated knockdown of MTDH led to decreased VEGF expression. In addition, inhibition of the Akt signaling pathway reversed the upregulation of VEGF resulting from MTDH overexpression. Moreover, the survival analysis revealed that VEGF is an independent prognostic factor, and a combined survival analysis based on both MTDH and VEGF showed synergistic effects in the prognosis evaluation of SCCHN patients.The findings of the present study demonstrate that MTDH regulates the expression of VEGF via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, indicating the potential role of the MTDH-mediated activation of VEGF signaling pathway in SCCHN angiogenesis and metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Células Cultivadas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Interferente Pequeno/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Transfecção , Regulação para Cima
15.
Epigenomics ; 7(2): 143-53, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25496457

RESUMO

AIM: Overexpression of histone demethylase PHF8 has been reported to function as an oncoprotein in many cancers; however, the implications of PHF8 involvement in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LHSCC) remain unclear. This study aims to explore the expression of PHF8 and its clinical significance in LHSCC. MATERIALS & METHODS: Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were performed to evaluate PHF8 protein expression in fresh and archived LHSCC samples. Global expressions of H3K27 and H3K9 methylation were analyzed in a cell line with PHF8 siRNA treatment. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: In our study, PHF8 was upregulated in fresh LHSCC tissues. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the expression of PHF8 was positively associated with T classification, clinical stage, primary tumor position and tumor relapse. Survival analysis demonstrated that high PHF8 expression was significantly associated with shorter overall survival and disease-free survival. Moreover, PHF8 regulates the levels of H3K9me2 and H3K27me2 in LHSCC. Taken together, PHF8 might be a novel prognostic marker for this disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/enzimologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Laríngeas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/mortalidade , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Metilação , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Onco Targets Ther ; 7: 1535-40, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25214794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathology and pathogenesis of and treatment methods for temporal bone verrucous carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-patient report of verrucous carcinoma on the left external auditory canal is presented and analyzed along with all cases of temporal bone verrucous carcinoma that have been documented in the English literature. RESULTS: Most of the patients with verrucous carcinoma of the temporal bone have histories of surgery, trauma, or infection, and verrucous carcinomas are sensitive to antimicrotubule chemotherapeutic medicines. Adjuvant radiation therapy is not effective, but surgical treatment might be relatively more effective. CONCLUSION: Temporal bone verrucous carcinoma has a poor prognosis; therefore, the preferred treatment is surgical resection facilitated with antimicrotubule chemotherapeutic treatment. Adjuvant radiation therapy is not a preferred treatment for temporal bone verrucous carcinoma.

17.
J Cancer ; 5(7): 525-36, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24963357

RESUMO

To date, no effective therapeutic treatments have been developed for hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC), a disease that has a five-year survival rate of approximately 31% because of its late diagnosis and aggressive nature. Despite recent improvements in diagnostic methods, there are no effective measures to prevent or detect HPSCC in an early stage. The goal of the current study was to identify molecular biomarkers and networks that can facilitate the speedy identification of HPSCC patients who could benefit from individualized treatment. Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling was employed with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to identify quantitatively the differentially expressed proteins among three types of HPSCC disease stages. The iTRAQ results were evaluated by literature searches and western blot analysis. For example, FUBP1, one of 412 proteins with significantly altered expression profiles, was confirmed to have elevated expression in fresh HPSCC tissues. Integrin-mediated cell matrix adhesion and actin filament-inducing cytoskeleton remodeling were the cellular events that were the most relevant to HPSCC tumorigenesis and the metastatic process. The construction of transcriptional regulation networks led to the identification of key transcriptional regulators of tumor development and lymph node metastasis of HPSCC, including Sp1, c-Myc and p53. Additionally, our study indicated that the interactions among Sp1, c-Myc and p53 may play vital roles in the carcinogenesis and metastasis of HPSCC.

18.
Cancer Lett ; 343(2): 258-67, 2014 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24099913

RESUMO

Our recent study suggested that metadherin (MTDH) is overexpressed in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Here, we further investigated its role in promoting metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). An immunohistochemistry analysis demonstrated that MTDH is elevated and positively correlated with metastasis in 189 primary SCCHN tissues. In vitro experiments demonstrated that MTDH overexpression enhanced the migratory and invasive ability of SCCHN cells. Moreover, MTDH induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by both regulating morphological changes and mediating the expression of the biomolecular makers E-cadherin and vimentin. In addition, MTDH mediated AKT activation, and all of the above effects were nearly completely blocked by the inhibition of AKT. Our results suggested that MTDH might promote the metastasis of SCCHN through AKT signalling pathway mediated-EMT.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/fisiopatologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Western Blotting , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/enzimologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/enzimologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24358796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ubiquitin expression in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) whether along with local lymph node metastasis, and further study its correlation with local lymph node metastasis and other clinicopathological parameters in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. METHOD: We detected the different expression level of ubiquitin in paraffin specimens between 19 cases of LSCC associated with cervical lymph node metastasis LSCC(N+) and 20 cases of LSCC not associated with cervical lymph node metastasis LSCC(N-) by immunohistochemical staining combined with stereology image analysis system. Statistics were analyzed by student test, variance analysis and ROC curve. RESULT: Ubiquitin expression in LSCC(N+) was significantly higher than LSCC(N-) (P < 0.01); their expression level was not correlated with age,history of tobacco, alcohol addiction, clinical stage and primary site,etc. CONCLUSION: Ubiquitin was significantly up-expressed in LSCC(N+) than ILSCC (N-), which may imply that it is one of the important elements in mechanism of lymph node metastasis in LSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias Laríngeas/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23755789

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulatory effect of erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular receptor (EphA2) on the expression of VEGF protein, a pro-angiogenic factor, via p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) signaling pathway in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck(SCCHN) in vitro. METHODS: SCCHN Tu686 cells were transfected with EphA2 overexpression vector pEGFP-N1-EphA2. Western blot was used to detect the expression of p38 MAPK and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was applied to assay of VEGF. SB203580 as a inhibitor of p38 MAPK signaling pathway was used. RESULTS: The expression of VEGF protein was significantly up-regulated in Tu686 cells transfected with EphA2 overexpression vector (535.31 ± 45.71) pg/ml, when compared with Tu686 cells transfected with empty vector (400.99 ± 33.50) pg/ml and Tu686 cells with no transfection (385.30 ± 33.50) pg/ml (F = 17.091, P < 0.01). The expression of phosphorylated p38 MAPK was obviously increased in Tu686 cells with EphA2 overexpression. SB203580 inhibited the expressions of VEGF and phosphorylated p38 MAPK proteins in Tu686 cells with EphA2 overexpression. CONCLUSION: EphA2 can regulate the expression of VEGF protein and stimulate p38 MAPK signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Receptor EphA2/fisiologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Humanos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
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