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1.
Hand Surg Rehabil ; 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387692

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of a three-dimensional half-ring distraction frame for thumb phalangeal lengthening. From February 2009 to March 2015, 23 patients (23 thumbs) with thumb loss were treated with a half-ring distraction frame. Active movements of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint were measured with a goniometer. These measurements were compared with the opposite hand. Differences were considered statistically significant at p<0.05. Clinical outcome was assessed based on the modified Mayo score. Bone union and good alignment were achieved in all patients. The mean distraction time was 44 days (range, 35-62 days). The mean time to union was 20 days (range, 49-86 days). The mean palmar and radial abduction of the thumb was 60° (range, 53°-65°) and 63° (range, 58°-70°), respectively; on the uninjured side, these measurements were 62° (range, 56°-65°) and 64° (range, 60°-73°), respectively (p >0.05). The mean extension-flexion arc of the MCP joint was 46° (range, 40°-50°); the measurement on the uninjured side was 48° (40°-54°) (p >0.05). The mean follow-up period was 51 months (4.25 years) (range, 48-65 months). The mean modified Mayo Score was 138 (range, 113-145). There were 19 excellent, 3 good, and 1 fair results. The half-ring distraction frame is a viable alternative for thumb lengthening as it provides stable, three-dimensional fixation, resulting in good hand function.

2.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(4): 319-324, 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375448

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the effect of ultrasound contrast agent targeting gelatin on uptake of high lymphatic metastasis cell lines of mouse hepatocellular carcinoma with peritoneal effusion. Methods: The modified double emulsifying solvent evaporation method was used to construct the macromolecule contrast agent PLGA-Cooh. The carbodiimide was used to connect the monoclonal antibody of gelatin with the contrast agent PLGA-Cooh, and the targeted ultrasound contrast agent Gsn-PLGA was established. The particle size and Zeta potential of the targeted ultrasound contrast agent were measured by laser particle size analyzer. The surface binding of the contrast agent to the gelatin monoclonal antibody was evaluated by immunofluorescence. Hca-F cells with high lymphatic metastasis were cultured in mice with peritoneal effusion hepatocellular carcinoma. Target-seeking ability in vitro was evaluated by in vitro uptake test, and the imaging effect of the contrast agent in vitro was evaluated by in vitro developing test. Results: The contrast agent is white powder with good water solubility. The average particle size and surface potential were (569.68±6.96) nm and (-10.95±2.43) mV, respectively. The fluorescent antibody binding rate of non-targeted and targeted ultrasound contrast agent labeled with DiI were 0.84% and 95.89%, respectively. The results showed that the targeted ultrasound contrast agent Gsn-PLGA had a better of developing effect in vitro. Hca-F cells with high expression of gelsolin protein had stronger uptake ability of targeted ultrasound contrast agent and stronger green fluorescence in vitro than those with low expression of gelsolin protein (P<0.05). Moreover, targeted ultrasound contrast agent Gsn-PLGA had stronger targeting to the gelsolin protein. The echo of the targeted ultrasound contrast agent Gsn-PLGA was uniform and fine, without attenuating echo of the back. Simultaneously, the development effect was more obvious with the increase of contrast agent concentration (P<0.05). Conclusion: Ultrasound contrast agent Gsn-PLGA targeting gelatin can bind Hca-F cells with high expression of gelatin and display a good imaging effect in vitro.

3.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(2): 525-533, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425017

RESUMO

To explore effects of the sDR5-Fc fusion protein on ulcerative colitis of infant mice via the TRAIL-DR5 pathway, 50 female mice were randomly divided into 5 groups, i.e., control group (group A), dextran sulfate sodium group (group B), hIgG group (group C), 10 mg/kg sDR5-Fc group (group D), and 20 mg/ kg sDR5-Fc group (group E). The acute ulcerative colitis models were established. The weights and disease activity index (DAI) of each group were monitored daily. In addition, the pathological changes of colon tissues were observed by Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. The number of macrophages in colon tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry assay. Changes in the expression of inflammatory factors in colon tissues were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of different concentrations was utilized alone or in combination with TRAIL to stimulate the NCM460 cells. The activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes was detected by Western blot. The apoptosis of NCM460 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The results showed that in groups B and C, the body weights decreased, the DAI increased, the colon epithelial cells were injured, the inflammatory cells were infiltrated, and the macrophages in colon tissues increased significantly. In groups D and E, the body weights increased, the DAI decreased, the inflammation was significantly improved, the macrophages decreased significantly, and the gene expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1ß decreased significantly. Thus, sDR5-Fc could inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes induced by TRAIL, thereby decreasing the apoptosis of NCM460 cells. In conclusion, the sDR5-Fc fusion protein could block the TRAIL-DR5 pathway to reduce the expression of NLRP3 inflammasomes, thereby improving ulcerative colitis.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(18): 1409-1413, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392992

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of oocyte vitrification on embryo quality and developmental potential. Methods: From January 2014 to December 2017, 30 cases of oocytes vitrification in the reproductive center of Sir Run Run Shaw hospital were collected as the frozen group, due to failure of sperm extraction or inability to obtain sufficient sperm at the ovum pick-up-day because of oligoospermia or azoospermia. 220 cases of fresh oocytes from the same period were selected as the fresh group. The fertilization rate, embryo rate, pregnancy rate, implantation rate and live birth rate of the two groups were compared retrospectively. Results: The survival rate of oocyte resuscitation was 91.4% (180/197). In the frozen group, 24 cases were transferred with 14 pregnancies, while in the fresh group, 31 cases were transferred with 18 pregnancies. The number of 2PN fertilized eggs, 2PN embryos and 2PN high-quality embryos in the frozen group was significantly lower than that in the fresh group (3.7±2.5 vs 7.3±4.8), (3.3±2.5 vs 7.2±4.8), and (1.2±1.8 vs 2.9±2.7) (all P<0.05). The fertilization rate of the frozen group was 77.2% (115/149) and the high-quality embryo rate was 36.6% (37/101), lower than that of the fresh group 77.6% (1 637/2 109) and 40.9% (651/1 591) (P>0.05).The pregnancy rate of the frozen group was 58.3% (14/24) higher than that of the fresh group 58.1% (18/31), the implantation rate of each mature oocyte and the live birth rate of each mature oocyte were 10.8% (15/138) and 10.8% (15/138), both higher than that of the fresh group 9.6% (21/218) and 8.7% (19/218) (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Vitrification cryopreservation of oocytes may lead to a decrease in embryo quality, but embryo development potential is still considerable. Higher pregnancy rate, implantation rate and live birth rate may be obtained.

5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 5155-5161, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432780

RESUMO

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a coronavirus called SARS Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It has been observed that COVID-19 mainly spreads via respiratory tract, contact and digestive tract. Due to the particularity of profession, ophthalmic medical workers need to be in close contact with patients, so they have a higher risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection. In this paper, therefore, the self-protection of medical workers in ophthalmology clinic during COVID-19 epidemic was summarized, so as to improve the occupational protection measures for medical workers in ophthalmology clinic, strengthen the self-protection awareness, and protect the safety of such a special group.

6.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(8): 4056, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374003

RESUMO

The article "Clinical efficacy and prognosis of aspirin combined with clopidogrel in patients with cerebral hemorrhage after operation, by X.-J. Guo, W.-L. Ding, H.-H. Zhu, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24(4):2087-2094. DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202002_20388. PMID: 32141578" has been withdrawn from the authors. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause.

7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(3): 223-227, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234180

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level and incidence of left atrial spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (LASEC) in the patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: Four hundred and ninety consecutive patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who underwent radiofrequency ablation for the first time from January 1, 2018 to June 30, 2018 in the Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital were enrolled. According to the results of transesophageal echocardiography before radiofrequency ablation, patients were divided into the group without LASEC (n=338) and the group with LASEC (n=152). hs-CRP was determined by latex enhanced immunoturbidimetry. The relationship between hs-CRP and LASEC in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation was investigated by univariate and multivariate logistic analysis. Results: LASEC was detected in 152 (31%) of 490 patients. Significant differences in age, type of atrial fibrillation, previous embolic events, fibrinogen, D-dimer, the left atrial anteroposterior diameter and CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc scores were found between patients with and without LASEC (all P<0.05). Compared with the group without LASEC, the serum hs-CRP level was significantly higher in the group with LASEC (3.16 (1.30, 5.23) mg/L vs. 0.67 (0.37, 1.48) mg/L, P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hs-CRP (OR=1.136, 95%CI 1.060 - 1.217, P<0.001) and D-dimer (OR=1.040, 95%CI 1.011 - 1.070, P=0.007) were independent determinants for LASEC in this patient cohort. Conclusions: hs-CRP is an independent determinant for LASEC in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Inflammation may thus be involved in the formation of prethrombotic state in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Proteína C-Reativa , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Eletrocardiografia , Átrios do Coração , Humanos , Incidência , Fatores de Risco
8.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(3): 229-233, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32270660

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics and liver biochemical parameters of 324 cases admitted with novel coronavirus pneumonia in Shanghai area. Methods: Clinical data and baseline liver biochemical parameters of 324 cases with novel coronavirus pneumonia admitted to the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from January 20, 2020 to February 24, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups based on the status of illness: mild type (mild and typical) and severe type (severe and critical).The differences in clinical data and baseline liver biochemical parameters of the two groups were described and compared. The t-test and Wilcoxon rank-sum test were used for measurement data. The enumeration data were expressed by frequency and rate, and chi-square test was used. Results: Of the 324 cases with novel coronavirus pneumonia, 26 were severe cases (8%), with median onset of 5 days, 20 cases were HBsAg positive (6.2%), and 70 cases (21.6%) with fatty liver, diagnosed with X-ray computed tomography. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT), total bilirubin (TBil), albumin(ALB) and international normalized ratio (INR) of 324 cases at baseline were 27.86 ± 20.02 U/L, 29.33 ± 21.02 U/L, 59.93 ± 18.96 U / L, 39.00 ± 54.44 U/L, 9.46 ± 4.58 µmol / L, 40.64 ± 4.13 g / L and 1.02 ± 0.10. Of which, ALT was > than the upper limit of normal (> ULN), accounting for 15.7% (51/324). ALT and AST > ULN, accounting for 10.5% (34/324). ALP > ULN, accounting for 1.2% (4/324). ALP and GGT > ULN, accounting for 0.9% (3/324). INR > ULN was lowest, accounting for 0.6% (2/324). There were no statistically significant differences (P > 0.05) in ALT [(21.5 vs. 26) U / L, P = 0.093], ALP [(57 vs.59) U/L, P = 0.674], and GGT [(24 vs.28) U/L, P = 0.101] between the severe group and the mild group. There were statistically significant differences in AST (23 U/L vs. 34 U/L, P < 0.01), TBil (10.75 vs. 8.05 µmol / L, P < 0.01), ALB (35.79 ± 4.75 vs. 41.07 ± 3.80 g/L, P < 0.01), and INR (1.00 vs. 1.04, P < 0.01). Conclusion: The baseline liver biochemical parameters of 324 cases with novel coronavirus pneumonia in Shanghai area was comparatively lower and the liverinjury degree was mild, and the bile duct cell damage was rare.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Alanina Transaminase , Aspartato Aminotransferases , China , Humanos , Fígado , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(12): 915-921, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234166

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the etiology of primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) and analyze its clinical features. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in the Department of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from October 1981 to June 2019. Patients with PAI as the first symptom were enrolled. The etiology of PAI was analyzed and the clinical characteristics was also summarized. Results: A total of 131 patients with PAI were enrolled, including 87 males and 44 females (57 adolescents, and 74 adults). The age ranged from 0 to 73 years. The primary cause of PAI in adolescents was genetic defects (52.6%, 30/57), in which congenital adrenal dysplasia caused by DAX1 gene deficiency accounted for 50.0% (15/30), followed by autoimmunity (22.8%, 13/57). The primary cause of adult PAI was infection (58.1%, 43/74), of which tuberculosis accounted for the majority (93.0%, 40/43), and autoimmune adrenalitis accounted for 19.0% (14/74). Compared with the tuberculosis group, female patients were more common, and the onset age was younger, the plasma cortisol, serum sodium, fasting blood glucose, creatinine and aldosterone were lower (all P<0.05), and serum potassium and renin levels were higher in the autoimmune adrenalitis group (both P<0.05). Conclusions: In the current study, the proportion of PAI caused by infection in the adult group was higher than that in the adolescent group. The most common cause of adult PAI was tuberculosis infection. The most common cause of childhood PAI was genetic defects. Autoimmune damage to the adrenal glands may be more severe than tuberculosis infection.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Adrenal , Adolescente , Glândulas Suprarrenais , Adulto , Idoso , Autoimunidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(3): 189-196, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187947

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the accuracy of photoscreening for detecting refractive amblyopia risk factors (ARFs) in Chinese preschool children aged 4 to 5 years. Methods: A cross-sectional study. Comprehensive ocular examinations were conducted for preschool children in Nanjing, China from September to December, 2016. Photoscreening (Plusoptix A12C) was applied for refractive screening without cycloplegia. Voluntary children and children suspected of eyes abnormalities received cycloplegic retinoscopy (CR). Results of photoscreening and CR were compared using Wilcoxon signed rank test, and Bland-Altman plot were used to assess the agreement between the photoscreener and CR. According to the updated preschool vision screening guidelines from American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS) in 2013, CR was adopted for identifying children with ARFs, which was considered as a golden standard. Based on the golden standard, the accuracy of 5 sets of referral criteria (including sensitivity standard, Matta/Silbert standard, AAPOS2013 standard, Alaska Blind Child Discovery standard, specificity standard) for photoscreener were tested. Receiver operating characteristics curves were constructed applied to evaluate the quality of the photoscreener in refractive ARFs detection and to find probably the best cut-off points. Results: In total, 1 986 children [mean age, (4.57±0.29) years] received comprehensive examinations, including 1 084 boys and 902 girls. The test ability of photoscreening was 99.04% (1 967/1 986) in the preschool children, and 96.56%(1 827/1 892) of the children got a reliable result within three screening attempts. In 538 children who had data of CR, refractive error of one child exceeded the upper limit of the photoscreener value setting, which was directly categorized as hyperopia, so in the end, 537 children were included to analyze the comparison between the two tests. The measurement values of photoscreening were lower than those of CR in sphere, cylinder and spherical equivalent [(0.75 (0.50, 1.25) D vs. 1.25 (1.00, 1.75) D, Z=-10.36, P<0.01; -0.50 (-0.75, -0.25) D vs. -0.25 (-0.75, 0.00) D, Z=-11.10, P<0.01; 0.63 (0.38, 0.88) D vs. 1.00 (0.75, 1.50) D, Z=-13.33, P<0.01]. The 95% limit of agreement cover rates between the photoscreening and CR in sphere, cylinder and spherical equivalent was 96.28% (517/537), 95.34% (512/537) and 96.65% (519/537), respectively. Based on the golden standard, 47 (8.74%) children had refractive ARFs, and the range of sensitivity, specificity, Youden index, positive predictive values and negative predictive values for detecting refractive ARFs of the 5 common used referral criteria was from 63.83% to 97.87%, from 53.36% to 97.56%, from 0.51 to 0.80, from 16.73% to 74.51% and from 96.57% to 99.62%, respectively. Considering particular refractive ARFs on the basis of the receiver operating characteristic curves, the optimal cut-off point for astigmatism was set at 1.38 D. Conclusion: Photoscreening could be an applicable tool to detect refractive ARFs in preschool children. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 189-196).

13.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(2): 122-130, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114730

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of dendritic epidermal T cells (DETC) on proliferation and apoptosis of epidermal cells in wound margin of mice and its effects on wound healing. Methods: Twenty-eight healthy specific pathogen free (SPF) C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) male mice aged 8-12 weeks and 60 SPF T lymphocyte receptor δ-knockout (TCR δ(-/-)) male mice aged 8-12 weeks were selected to conduct the following experiments. (1) Eight WT mice were selected to isolate epidermal cells and primarily culture DETC according to the random number table. Morphological observation and purity identification of DETC by flow cytometer were detected immediately after culture and on culture day (CD) 15 and 30, respectively. (2) According to the random number table, 5 WT mice and 5 TCR δ(-/-) mice were selected and enrolled into WT control group and TCR δ(-/-) group. Round full-thickness skin defect with diameter of 6 mm was made on the back of each mouse. The wound healing condition was observed immediately after injury and on post injury day (PID) 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and the percentage of residual wound area was calculated. (3) Mice were selected to group and reproduce model of full-thickness skin defect as in experiment (2). On PID 3, the tissue of wound margin was collected for hematoxylin eosin staining, and the length of new epithelium was measured. (4) Mice were selected to group and reproduce model of full-thickness skin defect as in experiment (2). On PID 3, epidermal tissue of wound margin was collected to determine expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) using Western blotting for evaluation of proliferation of epidermal cell. (5) Mice were selected to group and reproduce model of full-thickness skin defect as in experiment (2). On PID 3, epidermal tissue of wound margin was selected and digested into single-cell suspension, and apoptosis of cells was detected by flow cytometer. (6) Forty TCR δ(-/-) mice were selected to carry out the same treatment as in experiments (2)-(5). According to the random number table, these mice were enrolled into TCR δ(-/-) control group and TCR δ(-/-)+ DETC group, with 5 mice in each group for each experiment. Round full-thickness skin defect was made on the back of each mouse. DETC in the number of 1×10(5) (dissolution in 100 µL phosphate with buffer purity above 90%) were injected through multiple points of wound margin of mice in TCR δ(-/-)+ DETC group immediately after injury, and equal volume of phosphate buffer was injected into mice of TCR δ(-/-) control group with the same method as above. Data were processed with one-way analysis of variance for repeated measurement, t test, and Bonferroni correction. Results: (1) Along with the culture time elapse, the number of dendritic structures of DETC increased gradually. The percentage of T lymphocytes was 4.67% and 94.1% of these T lymphocytes were DETC. The purity of DETC on CD 15 was 18.50% and the purity of DETC on CD 30 was 98.70%. (2) Immediately after injury, the wound healing condition of mice in WT control group and TCR δ(-/-) group was similar. The wound healing speed of mice in TCR δ(-/-) group was slower than that in WT control group on PID 2-10. The percentages of residual wound area of mice in TCR δ(-/-) group on PID 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 were increased significantly compared with those in WT control group (t=3.492, 4.425, 4.170, 4.780, 7.318, P<0.01). (3) The length of new epithelium of mice in TCR δ(-/-) group on PID 3 was (359 ± 15) µm, which was obviously shorter than that in WT control group [(462±26) µm, t=3.462, P<0.01]. (4) Immediately after injury, wound condition of mice in TCR δ(-/-)+ DETC group and TCR δ(-/-) control group was similar. Compared with TCR δ(-/-)+ DETC group, the wound healing speed of mice in TCR δ(-/-) control group were obviously slower on PID 2-10. The percentages of residual wound area of mice in TCR δ(-/-)+ DETC group on PID 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 were decreased significantly compared with those in TCR δ(-/-) control group (t=2.308, 3.725, 2.698, 3.707, 6.093, P<0.05 or P<0.01). (5) On PID 3, the length of new epithelium of mice in TCR δ(-/-)+ DETC group was (465±31) µm, which was obviously longer than that in TCR δ(-/-) control group [(375±21) µm, t=2.390, P<0.05]. (6) On PID 3, PCNA expression of epidermal cell in wound margin of mice in TCR δ(-/-) group was 1.25±0.04, which was obviously lower than that in WT control group (2.01±0.09, t=7.415, P<0.01). (7) On PID 3, PCNA expression of epidermal cell in wound margin of mice in TCR δ(-/-)+ DETC group was 1.62±0.08, which was significantly higher than that in TCR δ(-/-) control group (1.05±0.14, t=3.561, P<0.05). (8) On PID 3, apoptosis rate of epidermal cell in wound margin of mice in TCR δ(-/-) group was (16.1±1.4)%, which was higher than that in WT control group [(8.1±0.6)%, t=5.363, P<0.01]. (9) On PID 3, apoptosis rate of epidermal cell in wound margin of mice in TCR δ(-/-)+ DETC group was (11.4±1.0)%, which was obviously lower than that in TCR δ(-/-) control group [(15.4±1.4)%, t=2.377, P<0.05]. Conclusions: DETC participates in the process of wound healing though promoting the proliferation of epidermal cells in wound margin and inhibit the apoptosis of these cells.


Assuntos
Células Epidérmicas , Linfócitos T , Animais , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Células Dendríticas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(4): 2087-2094, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141578

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate clinical effect, the quality of life, and prognosis of patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage treated with aspirin combined with clopidogrel after decompressive craniectomy and removal of intracranial hematoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The individual patient data of 120 patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage admitted to Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from January 2015 to July 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into a research group (62 cases) and a control group (58 cases). The control group was treated with aspirin, while the research group was treated with aspirin combined with clopidogrel. The prevalence of adverse reactions was compared between the two groups. Activity of daily living (ADL) was used to evaluate the quality of life. The amount of hematoma before and after operation was compared between the two groups. The prognosis of the two groups and the risk factors of postoperative rebleeding in patients with cerebral hemorrhage were analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of adverse reactions in the research group was significantly higher than that in the control group (p<0.05). The ADL scores of both groups 14 days after the operation were higher than those before the operation (p<0.05), and the ADL scores of the research group were significantly lower than those of the control group 14 d after the operation (p<0.05). The amount of hematoma in the two groups after surgery was lower than that before surgery (p<0.05), and the amount of hematoma in the research group was higher than that in the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of aspirin and clopidogrel will increase the prevalence of adverse reactions and reduce the quality of life of patients after decompressive craniectomy and removal of intracranial hematoma in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. Careful medication is required in clinic.

15.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(2): 128-131, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135629

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of alternative donor (AD) in the treatment of aplastic anemia (AA) in children. Methods: The clinical data of AA children who received AD HSCT in our center from Apr. 2010 to Dec. 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The overall survival (OS) rate, implant success rate, incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were statistically analyzed. Results: A total of 109 children with acquired AA, including 64 severe AA (SAA) , 32 very severe AA (VSAA) and 13 transfusion dependent non-severe AA (NSAA) , were recruited in this retrospective AD HSCT study, the median age was 6 (0.8-18) years old. Of them, 44 patients with 10/10 matched unrelated donor (MUD) , 44 patients with mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD) and 21 patients with mismatched related donor (MMRD) . All patients did not receive ATG before HSCT and the active infection was excluded. Except 3 patients suffered from a second graft failure (2 of them rescued by second HSCT) , 106/109 (97.2%) were engrafted with neutrophil and platelet recovery occurring at a median of 13 days (range, 9-19) and 16 days (range, 10-81) post-transplant. Until day 100 post transplantation, the incidence was 74.3% (81/109) for acute GVHD (aGVHD) and 39.4% (43/109) for grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD, 30.7% (31/101) and 9.9% (10/101) for overall chronic GVHD (cGVHD) and moderate cGVHD, respectively, and nobody developed an extend cGVHD. After median follow up of 39 (0.7-103) months for all patients, 13 of 109 patients died. The estimated 5-year overall survival (OS) of the entire cohort was 88.1% (95%CI 81.1%-91.4%) with no difference among the MUD, MMUD and MMRD cohort (93.2%, 84.1% and 85.7%, respectively, P=0.361) . Conclusion: These excellent outcomes suggest that unmanipulated AD PBSC is a good HSCT source for children with SAA. It's reasonable to consider AD HSCT as first line therapy for SAA children without matched sibling donor. Better strategies are required to prevent GVHD.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doadores de Tecidos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(0): E035, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153167

RESUMO

Novel coronavirus pneumonia was novel coronavirus infection that has dominated pulmonary infection since December 2019. The main manifestations were fever, dry cough, shortness of breath, normal or leukopenia in peripheral blood and changes in chest CT and in severe cases, multiple organ failure might occur. The National Health Commission, PRC has revised the consensus on diagnosis and treatment seven times in a short period of time, indicating the growing understanding of the disease. Patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia usually had history of travelling or living in the epidemic area including Wuhan within 14 days before onset, or have been exposed to patients who had fever or respiratory symptoms from the epidemic area, or had clustering diseases. However, novel coronavirus pneumonia was becoming more and more blurred after vanishing epidemic. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of novel coronavirus pneumonia was facing challenges not only because of large number of tourists increasing dramatically after the relieving of epidemic, but also patients with other diseases return from different areas to search for medical care. In this article, the clinical and chest imaging features of the novel coronavirus pneumonia were reviewed and compared with other infections and non-infectious diffuse pulmonary diseases. We were trying to find the similarities and differences among them, and to identify clues to the diagnosis of novel coronavirus pneumonia, so as to ensure accurate diagnosis and treatment.

19.
J Psychiatr Res ; 124: 123-130, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of methods based on text mining to screen suicidal behaviors according to chief complaint of the psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Electronic Medical Records of inpatients with mental disorders were collected. Text mining method was adopted to screen suicidal behaviors. The performances of different combinations of six algorithms and two term weighting factors were compared under various training set sizes, which were assessed by precision, recall, F1-value and accuracy. RESULTS: A total of 3600 psychiatric inpatients (1800 with suicidal behaviors and 1800 without suicidal behaviors) were included in this study. In chief complaints of suicidal inpatients, "suicide", "notion" and "suspicion" were the commonest statements, appearing 1228, 705 and 638 times respectively. In contrast, "excitement", "instability" and "impulsion" appeared more frequently in chief complaints of patients without suicidal behaviors (599, 599, 534 times respectively). The performance of each algorithm was generally improved with the increasing training set sizes and tended to be stable when the number of training cases reached 1000, where most of them could achieve satisfactory accuracy values (>0.95). Results of testing set showed that SVM, Random Forest and AdaBoost weighted by TF had better generalization ability. The F1 values were 0.9889 for SVM, 0.9838 for random forest and 0.9828 for AdaBoost, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the feasibility of filtering suicidal inpatients with small amounts of representative terms. SVM, Random Forest and AdaBoost weighted by TF have better performance in this task. Our findings provided a practical way to automatically classify patients with or without suicidal behaviors before admission to hospital, which potentially led to considerable savings in time and human resources for identification of high-risk patients and suicide prevention.

20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185928

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemic status of Enterobius vermicularis infections among children aged 3 to 9 years in China, so as to provide scientific basis for the formulation of the prevention and control strategies for enterobiasis. METHODS: The national surveillance of enterobiasis was performed in 736 national surveillance sites (counties) from 30 provinces (municipalities/autonomous regions) in China from 2016 to 2018. All surveillance sites were classified into parts according to the geographical directions, including the eastern, western, southern, northern and middle parts, and a township was randomly selected from each part. Then, an administrative village was randomly selected from the township, and 200 permanent residents at ages of over 3 years living in the administrative village were randomly selected using the cluster sampling method. A total of 1 000 residents were examined in each surveillance site. E. vermicularis infections were detected among children at ages of 3 to 9 years using the modified Kato-Katz technique and the adhesive cellophane-tape perianal swab method, and the prevalence of infections was calculated and compared. RESULTS: The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 2.50%, 2.84% and 2.46% among children at ages of 3 to 9 years in the 736 surveillance sites from 30 provinces (municipalities/autonomous regions) in China from 2016 to 2018, and there was no gender-specific prevalence of E. vermicularis infections (P > 0.05). Enterobiasis was main prevalent in the southern and southwestern part of China (Jiangxi, Guangxi, Guangdong, Sichuan, Fujian, Chongqing and Hainan), with 5.00% prevalence and greater, and the highest prevalence was seen in Jiangxi and Guangxi for successive 3 years. In addition, the prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was higher in children with the Han ethnicity than in those with the minority ethnicity, and a high prevalence was found in children at ages of 4 to 7 years, and a low prevalence seen in children at ages of 3, 8 and 9 years. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalences of E. vermicularis infections have not changed much among children at ages of 3 to 9 years in China from 2016 to 2018, and high prevalence is seen in southern and southwestern China, which should be given a high priority.


Assuntos
Enterobíase , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Enterobíase/epidemiologia , Enterobius/fisiologia , Humanos , Vigilância da População , Prevalência
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