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1.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(5): 493-496, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107593

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma is a kind of malignant tumor that originates from the bile duct epithelium. Due to its insidious nature, there is no effective early diagnosis and treatment method. Therefore, once it is detected, it is at an advanced stage and has a poor prognosis. Bile acid is the main component of bile, which acts on cholangiocytes through bile acid receptors and plays a key role in the development of cholangiocarcinoma. Gut microbiota can participate in the occurrence of cholangiocarcinoma by regulating bile acid metabolism. This review mainly focuses on the role of bile acid and bile acid receptors in the occurrence and development of cholangiocarcinoma and the impact of gut microbiota in it.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , Humanos
2.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(2): 185-188, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008366

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of a recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay for the detection of Schistosoma japonicum infections in Oncomelania hupensis snails. METHODS: A group test was employed. Fifty Oncomelania snails were collected as a detection sample. The detection samples without infected snails were designated as negative specimens, while the detection samples that contained different numbers of infected snails were designated as positive specimens. A total of 10 negative specimens, 10 positive specimens containing 1 infected snail, 20 positive specimens containing 2 infected snails and 10 positive specimens containing 3 infected snails were assigned. Following random grouping, 40 specimens were subject to the florescent RAA assay using a blind method. The miradium shedding method served as a gold standard, and the sensitivity, specificity, Youden's index and coincidence rate of the florescent RAA assay were estimated. In addition, 20 samples consisted of 5 negative specimens and 15 positive specimens with 1, 2 and 3 infected snails respectively were grouped randomly. The same specimens were detected using the crushing method and fluorescent RAA assay with the blind method in a paired-design manner. Then, the test results were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: Florescent RAA assay detected 29 positives in the 30 specimens containing different numbers of infected snails, with a sensitivity of 96.67%, and 8 negatives in the 10 detection specimens without infected snails, with a specificity of 80.00%, showing a Youden's index of 0.77. The coincidence rate was 100% among 10 repeated assays for a detection specimen. In addition, there was no significant difference in the detection of infected snails between the florescent RAA assay and the crushing method (χ2 = 0, P > 0.05), and the actual coincidence rates of the florescent RAA assay and crushing method were 95.00% (19/20) and 90.00% (18/20) with the real results, respectively. CONCLUSION: Fluorescent RAA assay has a favorable efficiency for the detection of S. japonicum infections in Oncomelania snails, which shows a potential in screening of S. japonicum-infected Oncomelania snails.


Assuntos
Schistosoma japonicum , Esquistossomose Japônica , Animais , Bioensaio , Recombinases , Esquistossomose Japônica/diagnóstico , Caramujos
3.
Bull Entomol Res ; : 1-10, 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998414

RESUMO

With further climate change still expected, it is predicted to increase the frequency with plants will be water stressed, which subsequently influences phytophagous insects, particularly Lepidoptera with limited mobility of larvae. Previous studies have indicated that oviposition preference and offspring performance of Lepidoptera insects are sensitive to drought separately. However, the integration of their two properties is not always seen. Here, we evaluated changes in oviposition selection and offspring fitness of a Lepidoptera insect under three water-stressed treatments using a model agroecosystem consisting of maize Zea mays, and Asian corn borer Ostrinia furnacalis. Results found that female O. furnacalis preferred to laying their eggs on well-watered maize, and then their offspring tended to survive better, attained bigger larvae mass, and developed more pupae and adults on the preferred maize. Oviposition selection of O. furnacalis positively correlated with height and leaf traits of maize, and offspring fitness positively related with water content and phytochemical traits of hosts. Overall, these results suggest that oviposition choice performed by O. furnacalis reflects the maximization of offspring fitness, supporting preference-performance hypothesis. This finding further highlights that the importance of simultaneous evaluation of performance and performance for water driving forces should be involved, in order to accurately predict population size of O. furnacalis under altered precipitation pattern.

4.
J Dairy Sci ; 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33985780

RESUMO

The newborn gut undergoes rapid colonization by commensal microorganisms and possible exposure to pathogens. The contribution of colostrum intake to host protection is well known; however, limited research exists on the intestinal innate immunity corresponding to colostrum intake during the passive immune transfer period in newborn ruminants. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in bacterial community and expression of genes encoding toll-like receptors (TLR), mucins (MUC), antimicrobial peptides, and tight junctions in the jejunum of lambs that were fed colostrum during the first 24 h of life. Twenty-seven newborn lambs were used in this study, of which 18 lambs were bottle-fed pooled bovine colostrum within the first 2 h after birth to obtain an intake of approximately 8% of body weight. Lambs were slaughtered at 12 (n = 9) and 24 h (n = 9) after birth. The remaining 9 lambs without any feeding were slaughtered at 30 min after birth (0 h). Tissue and ligated segment samples from the jejunum were collected immediately after the lambs were slaughtered. The bacterial profile in the ligated jejunum segment was assessed using amplicon sequencing. The gene expression in the jejunum tissue was determined using quantitative real-time PCR. The relative abundances of Escherichia-Shigella, Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, and Streptococcus increased, whereas those of Sphingomonas, Phyllobacterium, Bradyrhizobium, and Rudaea decreased during the first 24 h of life. Expression of TLR2 and ß-defensin 109-like was upregulated at 12 h after birth (P < 0.05), but a recovery was detected at 24 h; TLR3, TLR5, LYZ, MUC1, MUC13, MUC20, and CLDN7 showed a higher expression level in samples taken at 24 h than in those taken at 0 h. In addition, expression level of CLDN1, CLDN4, and the junctional adhesion molecule-1 tended to be higher at 24 h than at 0 h after birth. Correlation analysis indicated that TLR2 expression was negatively correlated with the relative abundance of Lactobacillus and Bradyrhizobium, whereas TLR5 expression was positively correlated with the relative abundance of Escherichia-Shigella and Pelagibacterium. These results suggest that TLR, MUC, antimicrobial peptides, and CLDN act together and play an important role in intestinal defense during the passive immune transfer period. They are potentially associated with microbial colonization. The findings from this study provide novel information to elucidate the role of colostrum components in regulating the development of the intestinal mucosal immune barrier in newborn lambs during the passive immune transfer period.

5.
Theriogenology ; 171: 94-103, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34051590

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the cellular and molecular mechanisms of leptin (LEP) and the leptin receptor (LEPR) in testicular development of prepubertal ganders. In an in vivo animal experiment, active immunization against LEPR severely depressed prepubertal testicular development by significantly reducing testicular weights at 200 and 227 days of age. The number of elongated spermatids in the seminiferous tubules was also significantly decreased by immunization with LEPR at ages of 200 and 227 days. Inhibition of testicular development by LEPR immunization was associated with decreases in LHR, StAR, 3ß-HSD, CYP11A1, CYP17A1, and PRLR mRNA expression levels in testicular tissue, which resulted in a significant decrease in testosterone synthesis. In the in vitro experiments, the addition of LEP combined with anti-LEPR antibodies strengthened LEPR signal transduction, and inhibited significantly testosterone production in cultured Leydig cells isolated from prepubertal gander testes. The mRNA expression of LHR, StAR, 3ß-HSD, CYP11A1, CYP17A1 also decreased significantly after treatment with LEP combined with anti-LEPR antibodies in cultured Leydig cells. These results suggest that anti-LEPR antibodies strengthen LEPR signaling transduction in the presence of LEP, and immunization against LEPR inhibited testes development and testosterone secretion in prepubertal ganders.

6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(5): 613-619, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034401

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the common allergens in children with respiratory allergic diseases in Guangdong and provide the basis for preventing and treating respiratory allergic diseases. Methods: A total of 254 serum samples were collected retrospectively from children with allergic rhinitis and (or) asthma in the pediatric clinic of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University or Boai Hospital of Zhongshan City from August 2019 to August 2020 and tested positive for at least one allergens by ImmunoCAP 1000 or skin prick test. There were 173 males and 81 females, with a median age (interquartile interval) of 7 (4.00, 9.75) years. Specific IgE against eighteen common allergen were tested by magnetic particle chemiluminescence immunoassay. Statistical analysis using χ2 test. Results: The positive rate of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (85.0%, 215/254) was the highest, followed by D. farinae (83.5%, 212/254), egg white (19.3%, 49/254), milk (14.6%, 37/254), German cockroach (14.2%, 36/254) and ox-eye daisy (12.6%, 32/254). Dust mites were the most common allergens in patients with allergic rhinitis / allergic asthma / allergic rhinitis and asthma. The positive rates of D. pteronyssinus (95.4% vs. 91.7% vs. 71.0%, χ2=23.257, P<0.001), D. farinae (95.4% vs. 90.6% vs. 67.7%, χ2=26.916, P<0.001), mugwort (10.8% vs. 9.4% vs. 1.1%, χ2=7.535, P=0.023), and ox-eye daisy (21.5% vs. 14.6% vs. 4.3%, χ2=10.876, P=0.004) in allergic rhinitis combined with asthma group and allergic rhinitis group were significantly higher than those in allergic rhinitis group. The positive rates of D. pteronyssinus (96.2% vs. 84.0% vs. 53.5%, χ2=46.343, P<0.001), D. farinae (96.2% vs. 81.5% vs. 48.8%, χ2=52.756, P<0.001) and German cockroach (17.7% vs. 14.8% vs. 2.3%, χ2=6.313, P=0.043) in > 6 years old group were significantly higher than those in > 3 years old group and > 3-6 years old group, while the sIgE positive rates of egg white (41.9% vs. 21.0% vs. 10.8%, χ2=20.281, P<0.001) and milk (41.9% vs. 16.0% vs. 4.6%, χ2=36.227, P<0.001) in ≤3 years old group were significantly higher than those in > 3-6 years old group and > 6 years old group. In addition, there were significant positive correlations between D. pteronyssinus and D. farinae, mugwort and ox-eye daisy, cat dander and horse dander, ox-eye daisy and dandelion, egg white and milk, timothy grass and sesame (rs≥0.511, P < 0.01). With the increase of the class of house dust mite allergen, the sIgE positive rates of mugwort (0.0% vs. 1.5% vs. 10.8%, χ2=9.714, P=0.008), ox-eye daisy (0.0% vs. 4.4% vs. 19.6%, χ2=16.195, P<0.001), cat dander (0.0% vs. 7.4% vs. 18.2%, χ2=11.459, P=0.003) and horse dander (0.0% vs. 1.5% vs. 15.5%, χ2=15.443, P < 0.001) increased significantly, while the sIgE positive rate of milk (29.0% vs. 16.2% vs. 10.1%, χ2=8.792, P=0.012) decreased significantly. Conclusions: Dust mite is the main allergen in children with respiratory allergic diseases in Guangdong, and ox-eye daisy is the main pollen allergen. The sensitization patterns of allergens varied in different ages and diseases, and children with respiratory allergic diseases should regularly detect allergens and pay attention to avoid them.


Assuntos
Alérgenos , Imunoglobulina E , Animais , Antígenos de Dermatophagoides , Gatos , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Testes Cutâneos
7.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(5): 341-347, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915636

RESUMO

Objective: To develop and validate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaire for adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia. Methods: Cross-sectional study. A total of 170 adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia, 100 adult patients with other eye diseases and 80 healthy adults with normal vision were recruited at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, and 20 healthy adults with normal vision were recruited at Qinhuai Medical District of Easter Theater General Hospital of PLA from December 2019 to February 2020. Individual interviews of 30 adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia generated 80 questionnaire items. For item reduction, 40 adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia were asked to complete the 80-item questionnaire and responses were analyzed. Then factor analyses were performed to identify prominent factors (subscales). The reliability of the questionnaire was evaluated by Cronbach's α coefficient. The overall and sub-scale scores were the average scores of all included items, ranging from 0 (worst HRQOL) to 100 (best HRQOL). The final 20-item questionnaire was administered to additional 100 adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia, 100 adult patients with other eye diseases and 100 visually normal adults. Mean overall and subscale scores were compared across groups using one-way analysis of variance. Results: The final adult anisometropic amblyopia questionnaire (AAAQ) consisted of a function subscale and a psychosocial subscale, each containing 10 items. The Cronbach's α coefficients of the overall, function subscale and psychosocial subscale were 0.88, 0.78 and 0.78. There were 55 males and 45 females in 100 adult anisometropic amblyopia patients, with a median age of 26 years (range, 18 to 43 years). The age and gender distribution were matched with 100 adult patients with other eye diseases and 100 healthy adults with normal vision (all P>0.05). The mean overall score (28.63±9.18), function subscale score (27.69±9.88) and psychosocial subscale score (29.53±9.90) for adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia were significantly lower compared to adult patients with other eye diseases (71.28±8.14, P<0.01; 65.56±7.81, P<0.01; 76.85±10.76, P<0.01) and visually normal adults (84.54±9.13, P<0.01; 81.70±9.27, P<0.01; 87.38±10.06, P<0.01). Conclusion: The AAAQ meets the requirements for validity and reliability of a HRQOL questionnaire, and can be used to assess the HRQOL of adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 341-347).


Assuntos
Ambliopia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Dairy Sci ; 104(7): 8265-8275, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33865590

RESUMO

Posttranslational modifications, mostly phosphorylation, are critical for protein structure and function. However, the association between liver phosphoproteins in neonatal calves and colostrum intake is not well understood. In this study, we examined the liver phosphoproteome profile in neonatal calves after receiving colostrum or milk. Liver tissue samples were collected from control calves (CON, n = 3) 2 h after birth and from calves that received colostrum (CG, n = 3) or milk (MG, n = 3) 24 h after birth. Hepatic phosphoprotein expression profiles were analyzed using quantitative proteomics based on the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method. In total, 1,587 phosphorylated sites were identified in 1,011 liver proteins. The most abundant phosphorylation site AA was serine (87.5%), followed by threonine (11.9%) and tyrosine (0.5%). Among the 1,011 phosphoproteins, 219, 453, and 26 displayed differential expression in the CG versus MG, CG versus CON, and MG versus CON comparisons, respectively. Differentially expressed phosphoproteins in the CG-MG comparison included 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1, glucose transporter member 4, protein kinase N2, and vinculin, which were mainly involved in the glycogen metabolic process, transport, growth and development, and cell adhesion process, according to Gene Ontology analysis. Pathway analysis indicated their enrichment in the insulin signaling pathway, spliceosome, and adherens junction. The CG-CON comparison identified differentially expressed phosphoproteins and their target genes that were largely involved in the cellular process, macromolecule metabolic process, developmental process, and transport. Pathway analysis indicated their association with endocytosis, mechanistic target of rapamycin, AMP-activated protein kinase, and insulin signaling pathways. These data demonstrate that changes in the phosphoproteins of liver tissues may play an important role in energy metabolism and immune response in the calves that received colostrum. These results provide novel insights into the crucial roles of protein phosphorylation during the early life of newborn calves.

9.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(3): 200-207, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874715

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical and prognostic characteristics of ovarian endometrioid carcinoma (OEC) patients with synchronous endometrial lesions and patients with pure OEC. Methods: A retrospective review of the medical records of patients received initial treatment and a postoperative pathological diagnosis of OEC at Peking University People's Hospital between August 1998 and December 2017 were performed. According to the inclusion criteria, a total of 56 patients with OEC were included in the study, including 13 patients concurrent with simultaneous endometrial lesions (Group A) and 43 patients with pure OEC (Group B). Results: Patients with synchronous endometrial lesions accounted for 23% (13/56). Mean age of Group A at diagnosis was (44.9±8.3) years old, 2/13 of patients were postmenopausal, and no one had a history of hypertension, the first symptom of 5/13 people was irregular vaginal bleeding. Mean age of Group B patients at diagnosis was (52.7±10.2) years old, 53% (23/43) of patients were postmenopausal, and 28% (12/43) patients had the history of hypertension, the first symptom of 4 (9%, 4/43) people was irregular vaginal bleeding. The differences of age, menopause status, history of hypertension and initial symptoms between the two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in fertility history, dysmenorrhea history, age of menarche, history of endometriosis, preoperative and postoperative CA125 level, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, tumor grade, metastatic site and platinum-based chemotherapy drug resistance between the two groups (all P>0.05). The overall 5-year survival rate of OEC patients was 91.6%, and the overall 5-year progression-free survival rate was 76.6%. Among them, the 5-year survival rate of the OEC concurrent with simultaneous endometrial lesions group was 80.2%, and the pure OEC group was 93.4%; the 5-year progression-free survival rate of the OEC concurrent with simultaneous endometrial lesions group was 74.1%, and the 5-year progression-free survival rate of the pure OEC group was 77.3%. There were no significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the independent factors for the prognosis of OEC patients were FIGO stage (P=0.006) and residual lesion size (P=0.020). Conclusions: OEC patients have a high proportion of simultaneous endometrial lesions. OEC with simultaneous endometrial lesions are younger than patients with pure OEC. Synchronous endometrial lesions do not affect the prognosis of patients with OEC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Adulto , Carcinoma Endometrioide/patologia , Carcinoma Endometrioide/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(4): 490-496, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902213

RESUMO

Objective: To analysis the prognosis related factors of patients with small cell cancer of the esophagogastric junction treated by surgery. Methods: The clinicopathologic data of 129 patients with small cell cancer of the esophagogastric junction underwent surgery treatment in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2004 to December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate survival survival was performed by Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test. Multivariate survival was analyzed by using Cox proportional hazard model. Results: Radical surgery was performed in 123 patients, whereas other 6 cases were conducted palliative operation. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of this cohort was 21.0% and median survival time was 25.7 months. The 5-year progression free survival (PFS) rate of this cohort was 11.0% and median PFS time was 19.1 months. The univariate analysis result showed that operation manner, radical or not, tumor length, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, intravascular cancer embolus surgical margin positive or not, the expression of Syn, comprehensive treatment and radiochemotherapy after progression were associated with the OS of these patients (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis result showed that lymph node metastasis, radiochemotherapy after progression were independent risk factors of OS (P<0.05). Univariate analysis result showed that operation manner, radical or not, tumor length, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, intravascular cancer embolus, surgical margin positive or not, the expression of Syn, comprehensive treatment and radiochemotherapy after progression were associated with PFS (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that lymph node metastasis and radiochemotherapy after progression were independent risk factors of PFS (P<0.05). Conclusions: The prognosis of small cell cancer of the esophagogastric junction patients remains poor. Lymph node metastasis and radiochemotherapy after progression are regarded as independent prognostic factors of these patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/cirurgia , Junção Esofagogástrica/patologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/cirurgia , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660468

RESUMO

Since 2015 when the transmission of schistosomiasis was controlled in China, the country has been moving towards elimination of schistosomiasis, with the surveillance-response as the main interventions for schistosomiasis control. During the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan, the transmission of schistosomiasis had been interrupted in four provinces of Sichuan, Jiangsu, Yunnan and Hubei and the prevalence of schistosomiasis has been at the historically lowest level in China. As a consequence, the goal set in The 13th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China is almost achieved. However, there are multiple challenges during the stage moving towards elimination of schistosomiasis in China, including the widespread distribution of intermediate host snails and complicated snail habitats, many types of sources of Schistosoma japonicum infections and difficulty in management of bovines and sheep, unmet requirements for the current schistosomiasis control program with the currently available tools, and vulnerable control achievements. During the 14th Five-Year period, it is crucial to consolidate the schistosomiasis control achievements and gradually solve the above difficulties, and critical to provide the basis for achieving the ultimate goal of elimination of schistosomiasis in China. Based on the past experiences from the national schistosomiasis control program and the challenges for schistosomiasis elimination in China, an expert consensus has been reached pertaining to the objectives, control strategy and measures for The 14th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China, so as to provide insights in to the development of The 14th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose Japônica , Esquistossomose , Animais , Bovinos , China/epidemiologia , Consenso , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Ovinos , Caramujos
12.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(2): 187-190, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648330

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of anterograde sural neurovascular flap in repairing skin and soft tissue defect around the knee. Methods: Nine patients with skin and soft tissue defect around the knee admitted to Beijing Fengtai YouAnMen Hospital from May 2011 to December 2018, were included in this retrospective descriptive study, including 8 males and 1 female, aged 16 to 65 years. The wound area after debridement ranged from 8 cm×5 cm to 18 cm×10 cm. Anterograde sural neurovascular flap was used to repair the wounds in 9 patients, with the area ranging from 9 cm×6 cm to 20 cm×12 cm. The donor sits of flaps in 2 patients were closed and sutured directly, and the donor sits of flaps in 7 patients were repaired with medial split-thickness skin graft of the ipsilateral thigh. The flap survival, complications, and follow-up after operation were recorded. Results: The flaps survived and the blood supply was good in 8 patients and the wounds were closed. One patient developed skin ischemic necrosis which was cured after three weeks of dressing change. All the skin grafts in the donor site of flap in 7 patients survived. In 6 months to 5 years of follow-up after surgery, the skin flap had good texture, color, and shape, and normal sensation. Except for one patient whose knee had poor recovery of function, the knee joint function of the other patients recovered well. Conclusions: The anterograde sural neurovascular flap has the advantages of high survival rate, satisfactory appearance and functional recovery post surgery, and is an ideal flap for repairing the skin and soft tissue defect around the knee.


Assuntos
Retalho Perfurante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(2): 1042-1049, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577060

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of the expressions of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-132 and sirtuin1 (Sirt1) on lung injury in sepsis rats, and to elucidate the regulatory relation between miR-132 and Sirt1. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The model of sepsis-induced lung injury was successfully established in rats via injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into the caudal vein (model group). Before modeling, the rats were infused with miR-132 antagomir via the trachea (miR-132 antagomir group) or intraperitoneally injected with the Sirt1 activator (SRT1720) (SRT1720 group). Meanwhile, the rats injected with an equal volume of normal saline via the caudal vein were enrolled in the control group. The expressions of the inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were applied to detect gene and protein expressions in lung tissues, respectively. Targeted relationship between miR-132 and Sirt1 was explored using Luciferase reporter assay. In addition, tissue sections of the right lung were stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) to observe the degree of lung injury. RESULTS: The model of sepsis-induced lung injury was successfully established in rats by LPS. The results showed that the expressions of IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-α and miR-132 rose significantly in lung tissues (p<0.01), whereas the expression of Sirt1 significantly declined (p<0.01). Lung injury was alleviated by miR-132 antagomir and SRT1720. Both miR-132 antagomir and SRT1720 significantly reduced the expressions of miR-132, IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α (p<0.01). However, the expression of Sirt1 was remarkably upregulated in rats with lung injury (p<0.01). Luciferase reporter gene assay indicated that miR-132 regulated Sirt1 in a targeted manner. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-132 may cause lung injury in sepsis rats by regulating the expression of Sirt1.

14.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 40(7): 1173-1182, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease with significant degenerative changes of articular cartilage, which is reported to be closely related to the integrity of chondrocytes extracellular matrix (ECM). Alendronate belongs to the family of bisphosphonates with promising cartilage repair function. In the present study, the effects of Alendronate on the gene expression of chondrocytes ECM and the potential mechanism will be investigated to explore the potential therapeutic property of Alendronate on OA. METHODS: Human SW1353 chondrocytes were stimulated with 1 and 2 µM Alendronate for 12 h. The gene expression of Col2α1, COL9α2, and Acan in the treated chondrocytes was determined by qRT-PCR. QRT-PCR and western blot analysis were used to evaluate the expression level of SOX-9 in the treated chondrocytes. The expression level of SP-1 was checked by qRT-PCR and immunostaining. SiRNA against SP-1 was transfected into chondrocytes to knockdown the expression of SP-1. The levels of p-ERK1/2 and total ERK1/2 were examined using western blot analysis. TNF-α was used to induce an OA-like in vitro model in the chondrocytes for therapeutic evaluations. RESULTS: Treatment with Alendronate increased the levels of ECM related genes (Col2α1, COL9α2, and Acan) in a dose-dependent manner through increasing the expression of SOX-9, a central regulator of ECM genes. Additionally, our findings demonstrate that the effects of Alendronate in the expression of SOX-9 are mediated by SP-1 as silencing of SP-1 abolished these effects. Notably, Alendronate increased the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and inhibition of ERK1/2 using its specific inhibitor U0126 blocked the expression of SP-1. Finally, we found that treatment with Alendronate could rescue TNF-α-induced reduction of Col2α1, COL9α2, Acan and SOX-9. CONCLUSION: Our data indicated that Alendronate might promote the gene expression of extracellular matrix through SOX-9 mediated by the ERK1/2/SP1 signaling pathway.

16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(1): 353-361, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical and prognostic features of CVT caused by PROS1 gene mutations and to provide clinical experience for new oral anticoagulants, such as rivaroxaban, in the treatment of CVT with a high risk of thrombosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The CVT patient's clinical symptoms were described, and the brain imaging and blood coagulation tests were performed to confirm the diagnosis of CVT. The patient's family members were recruited to receive blood coagulation tests and ultrasonic examination of lower limb vessels. Genetic analysis on the pedigree was carried out to identify the responsible gene for PS deficiency. We followed-up with this patient for 24 months to evaluate the clinical outcomes, laboratory results and imaging performances of CVT. RESULTS: The patient presented with typical CVT symptoms, including headache and epilepsy. Brain CT showed hemorrhage in the bilateral frontal lobe and left occipital lobe, while MRV demonstrated that thrombus had occurred. It was reviewed that the patient and his mother had a history of bilateral leg deep vein thrombosis. Gene tests revealed that the patient and two family members carried a heterozygous mutation of PROS1 (c.751_752delAT, p.M251Vfs*17). During 24 months of follow-up study, the patient was treated with rivaroxaban continuously and recovered well, supported by an mRS score that remained below 2. Blood coagulation tests were within normal limits, and MRV revealed partial recanalization of the cerebral venous sinus. CONCLUSIONS: The frame shift mutation in the PROS1 gene (c.751_752delAT) may greatly affect the function of protein S and lead to a severe phenotype of CVT. Rivaroxaban showed a satisfying therapeutic effect in this CVT patient with hereditary thrombophilia.

17.
MAbs ; 13(1): 1850395, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459147

RESUMO

We report here the discovery and optimization of a novel T cell retargeting anti-GUCY2C x anti-CD3ε bispecific antibody for the treatment of solid tumors. Using a combination of hybridoma, phage display and rational design protein engineering, we have developed a fully humanized and manufacturable CD3 bispecific antibody that demonstrates favorable pharmacokinetic properties and potent in vivo efficacy. Anti-GUCY2C and anti-CD3ε antibodies derived from mouse hybridomas were first humanized into well-behaved human variable region frameworks with full retention of binding and T-cell mediated cytotoxic activity. To address potential manufacturability concerns, multiple approaches were taken in parallel to optimize and de-risk the two antibody variable regions. These approaches included structure-guided rational mutagenesis and phage display-based optimization, focusing on improving stability, reducing polyreactivity and self-association potential, removing chemical liabilities and proteolytic cleavage sites, and de-risking immunogenicity. Employing rapid library construction methods as well as automated phage display and high-throughput protein production workflows enabled efficient generation of an optimized bispecific antibody with desirable manufacturability properties, high stability, and low nonspecific binding. Proteolytic cleavage and deamidation in complementarity-determining regions were also successfully addressed. Collectively, these improvements translated to a molecule with potent single-agent in vivo efficacy in a tumor cell line adoptive transfer model and a cynomolgus monkey pharmacokinetic profile (half-life>4.5 days) suitable for clinical development. Clinical evaluation of PF-07062119 is ongoing.

19.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515212

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: The relationship between urinary excretion rate of glucose (UEGL) and uric acid (UA) metabolism in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains unclear to date. This study aimed to investigate the relationships of UEGL with serum UA (SUA), urinary excretion rate of uric acid (UEUA), and renal clearance of uric acid (CLUA) in adults with T2D. We hypothesised that high UEGL increases UA excretion, which in turn leads to lower SUA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 635 inpatients with T2D recruited between 2018 and 2019. The relationships of UEGL with UEUA, CLUA, and hyperuricaemia were assessed using analysis of covariance and multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: Patients in the higher quartile of UEGL tended to have lower SUA levels than those in the lower quartile. In contrast, patients in the higher quartile of UEGL tended to have higher CLUA (p for trend < 0.0001), and a similar trend was observed for UEUA. In adjusted multivariable linear regression model, UEGL was negatively correlated with SUA (ß = - 0.023, 95% CI - 0.034 to - 0.013, p < 0.0001). However, positive correlations of UEGL with UEUA (ß = 0.046, 95% CI 0.018-0.074, p = 0.001) and CLUA (ß = 0.063, 95% CI 0.042-0.085, p < 0.0001) were found. Furthermore, consistent significant inverse associations were observed between quartiles of UEGL and hyperuricaemia in the adjusted multivariate logistic regression model. CONCLUSIONS: A high UEGL level was positively correlated with UEUA and CLUA. Moreover, it was inversely associated with SUA level, and a consistently increased UEGL level reduced the risk of hyperuricaemia in patients with T2D.

20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(1): 31-38, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355766

RESUMO

Objective: The study is to examine association of sleep duration and cognitive impairment in the older adults aged 65 years and older in China. Methods: We analyzed data from 2017-2018 wave of Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). A total of 14 966 participants were included in the analysis. Data with respect to socioeconomic status, community involvement, behavior pattern, diet, life style, family structure, disease condition, mental health and cognitive function were collected. Cognitive function was measured with Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE). We conducted generalized linear mixed models to examine associations of sleep duration with cognitive impairment, and subgroup analyses of sex and age were conducted. Results: Among 14 966 participants, the percentage of participants aged 65 to 79 years, 80 to 89 years, 90 to 99 years and 100 years and older was 5 148 (4.40%), 3 777 (25.24%), 3 322 (22.20%) and 2 719 (18.16%), respectively. A total of 2 704 participants reported sleep duration of 5 h and less, and 3 883 reported 9 h and more, accounting for 18.94% and 27.19%, respectively. In total, 3 748 were defined with cognitive impairment, accounting for 25.04%. The results of generalized linear mixed models showed that both short (≤5 h) and long (≥ 9 h) sleep duration were associated with cognitive impairment compared with sleep duration of 7 h, with OR(95%CI) of 1.35(1.09-1.68) and 1.70(1.39-2.07), respectively. The association of sleep duration with cognitive impairment was more obvious in males and individuals aged 65 to 79 years old. Conclusion: Short or long sleep duration was responsible for increased risk of cognitive impairment in older Chinese.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Sono
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