Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 79
Filtrar
1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(6): 2066-2070, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the Polymorphism of the human platelet antigen(HPA) gene 1-17 and human leukocyte antigen(HLA) gene-A and B locus in Shandong Han population. METHODS: A total of 962 samples from routine voluntary platelet donors were genotyped for HPA1-17 system and HLA-A site, B by PCR-SSP and PCR-SSOP respectively.Gene frequencies were calculated by counting. HPA1-17 and HLA genotype combinations were analyzed by Arelequin 3.5. RESULTS: The gene frequencies of HPA-la, -1b, HPA-2a, -2b, HPA-3a, -3b, HPA-4a, -4b, HPA-5a, -5b, HPA-6a, -6b, HPA-15a, -15b were 0.9918, 0.0082, 0.9419, 0.0592, 0.5841, 0.4174, 0.9969, 0.0031, 0.9892, 0.0108, 0.9835, 0.0175,0.5488 and 0.4512, respectively. The most common HPA genotype combination was HPA-(1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7-14, 16, 17) aa-3ab-15ab (0.2048). Moreover, HLA-A*2(0.3094) and HLA-B*13(0.1513) showed the highest frequency in their respective locus. The most common HLA genotype combination was HLA-A*2-B*13(0.1397) . CONCLUSION: Distributions of HPA and HLA show high polymorphism in Shandong Han population. The ethnic and territorial difference of HPA distribution is also confirmed. It is imperative to establish local genetic database of volunteer platelet donors.

2.
Arch Med Sci ; 16(6): 1411-1418, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224341

RESUMO

Introduction: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a type of lymphoma common throughout the western countries. However, the detailed mechanisms and special biomarkers of HL remain to be further investigated. Emerging studies have shown that long non-coding RNAs play a key role in human cancers. Material and methods: In the present work, we constructed relapse-related lncRNA-mediated ceRNA networks in HL. Additionally, we constructed co-expression networks for these relapse-related lncRNAs. We also constructed a relapse-related lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network to study the potential mechanism of these lncRNAs. Furthermore, gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed to explore functions of DEGs in Hodgkin lymphoma. Results: A total of 18 lncRNAs were found to be dysregulated between early relapse and late relapse HL. Six lncRNAs (PCBP1-AS1, HCG18, GAS5, PSMD6-AS2, PRKCQ-AS1, SNHG6), 116 mRNAs and 121 miRNAs were included in the ceRNA network. Bioinformatics analyses revealed that these lncRNAs were significantly involved in regulating immune system processes, responses to chemical stimuli and responses to stress. Among them, HCG18 and PCBP1-AS1 were identified as key lncRNAs in HL relapse. Conclusions: Our results for the first time constructed the key relapse-related lncRNA-mediated ceRNA networks in Hodgkin lymphoma progression. We trust that this work will provide a new therapeutic and prognostic target for HL.

4.
Endokrynol Pol ; 71(5): 411-417, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797476

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: At present, the number of people suffering from diabetes and obesity is increasing in China, and also all over the world. Researchers found that decreased expression of A-kinase anchoring protein 1 (AKAP1), which was thought to regulate the function and structure of mitochondria, might be related to these two diseases. However, as far as we know, there is no study about the changes of serum AKAP1 protein in these two diseases. Hence we conducted this experiment to study the relationship between serum levels of AKAP1 with T2DM and obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 261 subjects involved in the experiment, including 130 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM and 131 individuals with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). They were further divided into four groups as follows. Subjects with NGT and normal weight (NW) were assigned to the NGT+NW group, those with NGT but with overweight (OW) or obesity (OB) were assigned to the NGT+OW/OB group, and so on; the rest were divided into the T2DM+NW group and the T2DM+OW/OB group. Serum AKAP1 levels were tested by ELISA method and compared by T-test. Linear regression was applied to discuss independent factors of AKAP1. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyse the relationship between AKAP1 and the prevalence of T2DM. RESULTS: Serum AKAP1 in the NGT+NW group was 1.74 ± 0.42 ng/mL, higher than that in the NGT+OW/OB group, at 1.59 ± 0.41 ng/mL (t = 2.114, p = 0.036), and the T2DM+OW/OB group, at 1.52 ± 0.36 ng/ml (t = 3.219, p = 0.002). A-kinase anchoring protein 1 in 130 subjects with T2DM was lower than that in subjects with NGT, 1.57 ± 0.35 ng/mL vs. 1.67 ± 0.42 ng/mL, t = 2.036, p = 0.043. Liner regression showed that insulin resistance (IR) and body mass index (BMI) were independent factors negatively related to AKAP1: b = -0.019 and -0.032, respectively. Compared to the highest tertile of AKAP1, the prevalence of T2DM was higher in the other two tertiles; OR was 2.207 (1.203, 4.050) and 2.051 (1.121, 3.753), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Serum AKAP1 level decreases slightly in patients with T2DM and obesity. Subjects with lower leve1s of serum AKAP1 are susceptible to T2DM.

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(14): 14718-14735, 2020 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710727

RESUMO

Glioma stem cells (GSCs) play an important role in glioblastoma resistance to conventional therapies and disease recurrence. Here, we assessed the therapeutic effect of a demethoxycurcumin analogue, DMC-BH, on GSCs, and investigated the underlying mechanisms. Our in vitro data demonstrate that DMC-BH inhibits GSC proliferation, and induces apoptosis and autophagy in GSCs. In addition, our results show that DMC-BH effectively crosses the blood-brain barrier to inhibit the growth of intracranial GSC tumors in vivo. DMC-BH significantly increased phosphorylation levels of JNK, ERK and c-Jun in GSCs. Inhibition of JNK and ERK activities reversed the pro-apoptotic effect of DMC-BH in GSCs, indicating that the DMC-BH-induced apoptosis in GSCs is mediated via the JNK/ERK signaling pathway. These results suggest that DMC-BH could potentially serve as a effective therapy against GSCs that acts by targeting the JNK/ERK signaling pathway.

6.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; 39(8): 2653-2663, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730215

RESUMO

Segmentation of pneumonia lesions from CT scans of COVID-19 patients is important for accurate diagnosis and follow-up. Deep learning has a potential to automate this task but requires a large set of high-quality annotations that are difficult to collect. Learning from noisy training labels that are easier to obtain has a potential to alleviate this problem. To this end, we propose a novel noise-robust framework to learn from noisy labels for the segmentation task. We first introduce a noise-robust Dice loss that is a generalization of Dice loss for segmentation and Mean Absolute Error (MAE) loss for robustness against noise, then propose a novel COVID-19 Pneumonia Lesion segmentation network (COPLE-Net) to better deal with the lesions with various scales and appearances. The noise-robust Dice loss and COPLE-Net are combined with an adaptive self-ensembling framework for training, where an Exponential Moving Average (EMA) of a student model is used as a teacher model that is adaptively updated by suppressing the contribution of the student to EMA when the student has a large training loss. The student model is also adaptive by learning from the teacher only when the teacher outperforms the student. Experimental results showed that: (1) our noise-robust Dice loss outperforms existing noise-robust loss functions, (2) the proposed COPLE-Net achieves higher performance than state-of-the-art image segmentation networks, and (3) our framework with adaptive self-ensembling significantly outperforms a standard training process and surpasses other noise-robust training approaches in the scenario of learning from noisy labels for COVID-19 pneumonia lesion segmentation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado Profundo , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Algoritmos , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pandemias
7.
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol ; 42(4): 340-345, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease that characterized by the degradation of articular cartilage. In this study, we aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of dioscin on IL-1ß-stimulated human osteoarthritis chondrocytes. METHODS: The production of PGE2 and NO was measured in this study. MMP1 and MMP3 were detected by ELISA. The expression of LXRα and NF-κB were tested by western blot analysis. RESULTS: Treatment of dioscin suppressed the production of PGE2 and NO, as well as the expression of COX-2 and iNOS (their key regulatory genes). Dioscin also attenuated the secretion of MMP1 and MMP3. Furthermore, dioscin inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 and IκBα induced by IL-1ß. The degradation of IκBα induced by IL-1ß was also suppressed by dioscin. Dioscin increased the expression of LXRα and pretreatment of GGPP, the LXRα inhibitor, blocked the anti-inflammatory effects of dioscin. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, this study indicated that dioscin-mediated anti-inflammatory effect may be involved in the activation of LXRα.

8.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 86(14)2020 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414802

RESUMO

Bioethanol production from syngas using acetogenic bacteria has attracted considerable attention in recent years. However, low ethanol yield is the biggest challenge that prevents the commercialization of syngas fermentation into biofuels using microbial catalysts. The present study demonstrated that ethanol metabolism plays an important role in recycling NADH/NAD+ during autotrophic growth. Deletion of bifunctional aldehyde/alcohol dehydrogenase (adhE) genes leads to significant growth deficiencies in gas fermentation. Using specific fermentation technology in which the gas pressure and pH were constantly controlled at 0.1 MPa and 6.0, respectively, we revealed that ethanol was formed during the exponential phase, closely accompanied by biomass production. Then, ethanol was oxidized to acetate via the aldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase pathway in Clostridium ljungdahlii A metabolic experiment using 13C-labeled ethanol and acetate, redox balance analysis, and comparative transcriptomic analysis demonstrated that ethanol production and reuse shared the metabolic pathway but occurred at different growth phases.IMPORTANCE Ethanol production from carbon monoxide (CO) as a carbon and energy source by Clostridium ljungdahlii and "Clostridium autoethanogenum" is currently being commercialized. During gas fermentation, ethanol synthesis is NADH-dependent. However, ethanol oxidation and its regulatory mechanism remain incompletely understood. Energy metabolism analysis demonstrated that reduced ferredoxin is the sole source of NADH formation by the Rnf-ATPase system, which provides ATP for cell growth during CO fermentation. Therefore, ethanol production is tightly linked to biomass production (ATP production). Clarification of the mechanism of ethanol oxidation and biosynthesis can provide an important reference for generating high-ethanol-yield strains of C. ljungdahlii in the future.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis/microbiologia , Monóxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Clostridium/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo , Processos Autotróficos , Clostridium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fermentação
9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2135, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358509

RESUMO

A non-immunogenic tumor microenvironment (TME) is a significant barrier to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) response. The impact of Polybromo-1 (PBRM1) on TME and response to ICB in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains to be resolved. Here we show that PBRM1/Pbrm1 deficiency reduces the binding of brahma-related gene 1 (BRG1) to the IFNγ receptor 2 (Ifngr2) promoter, decreasing STAT1 phosphorylation and the subsequent expression of IFNγ target genes. An analysis of 3 independent patient cohorts and of murine pre-clinical models reveals that PBRM1 loss is associated with a less immunogenic TME and upregulated angiogenesis. Pbrm1 deficient Renca subcutaneous tumors in mice are more resistance to ICB, and a retrospective analysis of the IMmotion150 RCC study also suggests that PBRM1 mutation reduces benefit from ICB. Our study sheds light on the influence of PBRM1 mutations on IFNγ-STAT1 signaling and TME, and can inform additional preclinical and clinical studies in RCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/microbiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/genética , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/deficiência , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Knockout , Mutação , Fosforilação , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/metabolismo , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Fatores de Transcrição/deficiência , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Transcriptoma/genética
10.
Eur J Radiol ; 128: 108974, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416553

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in the prediction of the treatment response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC). METHODS: A total of 31 LAGC patients were enrolled in this prospective study. All patients underwent diffusion-weighted MRI examination (with b = 01, 2001, 5001, 8002, 10004, 15004, 20006 s/mm2, the subscript denotes the number of signal averages) before and after chemotherapy. DKI and mono-exponential (b = 0, 800 s/mm2) models were built. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), mean diffusivity (MD) and mean kurtosis (MK) of the LAGC tumors were measured. The absolute change values (ΔX) and percentage change values (%ΔX) of the above parameters post neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) were calculated. The response was evaluated according to the pathological tumor regression grade scores (effective response group: TRG 0-2, poor response group: TRG 3). Mann-Whitney U test and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were applicated for statistical analysis. RESULTS: There were 17 patients in the effective response group (ERG), and 14 patients in the poor response group (PRG). The MKpre and MKpost values in PRG were significantly higher than those in ERG [(0.671 ±â€¯0.026) and (0.641 ±â€¯0.019) vs. (0.584 ±â€¯0.023) and (0.519 ±â€¯0.018), p < 0.001]. ADCpost and MDpost in PRG were significantly lower than those in ERG (p = 0.005, p =0.001). Significant differences were also observed for % ΔMK, ΔMD and ΔMK between the two groups (p < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) for the prediction of PRG was highest for MKpost (AUC = 0.958, cutoff value = 0.614). The MKpre and MKpost had the highest sensitivity (91.70 %) and specificity (93.80 %) in the prediction of PRG, respectively. CONCLUSION: Both DKI and ADC values show potential for the prediction of the PRG in LAGC patients. The DKI parameters, especially MKpost displayed the best performance.

11.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 416, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256473

RESUMO

Both CO and H2 can be utilized as energy sources during the autotrophic growth of Clostridium ljungdahlii. In principle, CO is a more energetically and thermodynamically favorable energy source for gas fermentation in comparison to H2. Therefore, metabolism may vary during growth under different energy sources. In this study, C. ljungdahlii was fed with CO and/or CO2/H2 at pH 6.0 with a gas pressure of 0.1 MPa. C. ljungdahlii primarily produced acetate in the presence of H2 as an energy source, but produced alcohols with CO as an energy source under the same fermentation conditions. A key enzyme activity assay, metabolic flux analysis, and comparative transcriptomics were performed for investigating the response mechanism of C. ljungdahlii under different energy sources. A CO dehydrogenase and an aldehyde:ferredoxin oxidoreductase were found to play important roles in CO utilization and alcohol production. Based on these findings, novel metabolic schemes are proposed for C. ljungdahlii growing on CO and/or CO2/H2. These schemes indicate that more ATP is produced during CO-fermentation than during H2-fermentation, leading to increased alcohol production.

12.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(2): 339-345, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate and analyze the therapeutic effect of stereotactic soft channel puncture and drainage on hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage. METHODS: Sixty patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage admitted to our hospital from September 2014 to September 2019 were selected for study and randomly divided into study group (n=30) and routine group (n=30) according to admission number. Two groups of patients were given basic treatment after admission, while routine group patients were given small bone window hematoma removal, study group patients were given stereotactic soft channel puncture and drainage, and the clinical effects of the two groups were analyzed. RESULTS: The total effective rate of the study group was 96.67%, which was significantly higher than that of the routine group (80.00%), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The level of independent living in the study group was significantly higher than that in the conventional group, and the level of neurological deficit was lower than that in the conventional group, with statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Before treatment, there was no significant difference in the hematoma volume between the two groups (P>0.05). after treatment for 1, 2 and 4 weeks, the hematoma volume of the two groups decreased, and the hematoma volume of the study group was significantly less than that of the conventional group, with significant difference (P<0.05). There was no difference in CD3+ positive cell rate and CD8+ positive cell rate between the two groups before treatment (P>0.05). After treatment, the CD8+ positive cell rate in the study group was lower than that in the conventional group, and the CD3+ positive cell rate was higher than that in the conventional group, with statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications such as pulmonary infection, urinary tract infection, liver and kidney dysfunction in the study group was lower than that in the conventional group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Stereotactic soft-channel puncture and drainage has the advantages of less trauma, less bleeding, fewer complications and rapid postoperative recovery. It can be used for the treatment of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage, promote the recovery of neurological function of patients, improve independent living standard and effectively improve prognosis.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/cirurgia , Paracentese/métodos , Técnicas Estereotáxicas , Adulto , Encéfalo/cirurgia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição Aleatória , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 721: 137759, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172117

RESUMO

A better understanding of the microbial group influencing nitrogen (N) dynamics and cycling in composting matrix is critical in achieving good management to alleviate N loss and improve final compost quality. This study investigated the bacterial composition, structure, co-occurrence network patterns and topological roles of N transformation in cattle manure-maize straw composting using high-throughput sequencing. The two treatments used in this experiment were cattle manure and maize straw mixture (CM) and CM with 10% biochar addition (CMB). In both treatments, the bacterial community composition varied during composting and the major phyla included Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Chloroflexi. The phyla Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria were more abundant in CMB treatment while Firmicutes was abundant in CM piles. The metabolic functional profiles of bacteria was predicted using the "phylogenetic investigation of communities by reconstruction of unobserved states" (PICRUSt) which revealed that except for cellular processes pathway, CMB had slight higher abundance in metabolism, genetic information processing and environmental information processing than the CM. Pearson correlation revealed more significant relationship between the important bacteria communities and N transformation in CMB piles compared with CM. Furthermore, network pattern analysis revealed that the bacterial networks in biochar amended piles are more complex and harbored more positive links than that of no biochar piles. Corresponding agreement of multivariate analyses (correlation heatmap, stepwise regression, Path and network analyses) revealed that Psychrobacter, Thermopolyspora and Thermobifida in CM while Corynebacterium_1, Thermomonospora and Streptomyces in CMB were key bacterial genera affecting NH4+-N, NO3--N and total nitrogen (TN) transformation respectively during composting process. These results provide insight into nitrogen transformation and co-occurrence patterns mediating microbes and bacterial metabolism which could be useful in enhancing compost quality and mitigating N loss during composting.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Microbiota , Animais , Bovinos , Carvão Vegetal , Esterco , Nitrogênio , Filogenia , Solo , Zea mays
14.
Arthroscopy ; 36(6): 1714-1721, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057988

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of arthroscopic reduction percutaneous fixation (ARPF) in the treatment of isolated medial malleolar fracture and compare the results with those of conventional open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 77 patients with isolated medial malleolar fracture between November 2011 and February 2016. The patients were assigned to the ARPF (n = 34) and ORIF (n = 43) groups. The Olerud-Molander ankle score (OMAS), ankle range of motion (ROM), visual analog scale, and radiographic evaluation were determined at the scheduled follow-up. RESULTS: In the ARPF group, 11 of 34 patients (32.4%) had chondral lesions. Tears of the deltoid ligament and anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament were noted in 3 (8.8%) and 15 (44.1%) patients, respectively. The mean follow-up was 5 years. The mean OMAS was higher in the ARPF group than in the ORIF group. The differences were statistically significant at 6 months (mean ± standard deviation, 80.2 ± 4.0 for ARPF vs 77.2 ± 4.1 for ORIF, P = .005) and 1 year (92.9 ± 4.9 vs 88.1 ± 4.6, P < .001), but not at the latest follow-up (P = .081). Ankle ROM was markedly improved in the ARPF group, unlike in the ORIF group at 6 months (dorsiflexion, P = .025; plantarflexion, P < .001) and 1 year (dorsiflexion and plantarflexion, P < .001). The improvement remained at the latest follow-up in plantarflexion (P = .001) but not in dorsiflexion (P = .354). CONCLUSIONS: Arthroscopy-assisted reduction is a feasible alternative modality with superior short-term outcomes for treating isolated medial malleolar fracture, but its superiority may be attenuated in the intermediate term. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, comparative study.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Artroscopia/métodos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Adulto , Fraturas do Tornozelo/diagnóstico , Articulação do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
15.
Waste Manag ; 105: 190-197, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078983

RESUMO

Analyzing diazotrophic community may help to understand nitrogen transformation in composting and improves the final compost quality. In this study, diazotrophic community dynamics were investigated in terms of nifH gene during dairy manure and corn straw composting with biochar addition using high-throughput sequencing. Biochar decreased the diversity of diazotrophic community and altered diazotroph community structure during composting. At phylum level, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes were dominant diazotrophic communities throughout composting process. Biochar addition registered higher correlation coefficient (R) between physicochemical factors (temperature, ammonium (NH4+-N) and nitrate (NO3--N)) and diazotroph community composition. Rhodopseudomonas and Pseudoxanthomonas was the key diazotrophic communities influencing NH4+-N transformation in control (CK) and biochar compost (BC), respectively, while for NO3--N transformation Clostridium and Bradyrhizobium in CK, Azospira and Methylocystis in BC served as predominant factors. These results indicated that addition of biochar altered the key diazotroph communities influencing nitrogen transformation. Furthermore, some diazotrophs (e.g. Rhodopseudomonas, Bradyrhizobium and Azospira) affecting NH4+-N and NO3--N transformation were also observed to be mediating total nitrogen (TN). Interestingly, interactions between diazotrophic communities were observed and these interactions could also influence nitrogen transformation.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Carvão Vegetal , Esterco , Nitrogênio , Solo
16.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 26(4): 2135-2141, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989402

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant form of the brain tumors. EGFR variant III (EGFRvIII) is expressed in about 30% of GBM specimens, but not expressed in normal brain tissues. Therefore, EGFRvIII protein offers an ideal CAR-T therapeutic target for EGFRvIII-positive GBM patients. PD-L1 is expressed in a variety of cancer cells, including GBM. Tumor-associated PD-L1 can bind to PD-1 on T cells and promote apoptosis of T cells, thus suppressing the anti-cancer immune response. In our current studies, PD-1WT EGFRvIII-CAR-T cells and PD-1KD EGFRvIII-CAR-T cells were generated. Cytokine production and lytic activity of these two CAR-T cells against to PD-L1WT EGFRvIII+ U373 cells or PD-L1KO EGFRvIII+ U373 cells were evaluated. The results showed that PD-1KD EGFRvIII-CAR-T cells and PD-1WT EGFRvIII-CAR-T cells showed same levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) production as well as cytolytic activity against PD-L1KO EGFRvIII+ U373 cells; however, PD-1KD EGFRvIII-CAR-T cells exhibited higher levels of IFN-γ and IL-2 production as well as cytolytic activity against PD-L1+ EGFRvIII+ U373 cells than that of PD-1WT EGFRvIII-CAR-T cells. PD-1KD EGFRvIII-CAR-T cells also exhibited higher anti-glioma activity and longer survival in mice in vivo than that of PD-1WT EGFRvIII-CAR-T cells. Taken together, our findings indicate that PD-1 knockout enhances lytic activity of EGFRvIII-CAR-T cells against PD-L1+ EGFRvIII+ GBM cells. These might provide a new insight into strategy of GBM CAR-T cell therapy.

17.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(9): 9658-9668, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925688

RESUMO

This study examined the influence of biochar addition on fungal community during composting of cow manure using high-throughput sequencing. Two treatments were set up, including compost of cow manure plus 10% biochar (BC) and cow manure compost without biochar (CK). Fungal community composition varied obviously during composting in both treatments, and main fungi included Aspergillus, Myriococcum, Thermomyces, Mycothermus, Scedosporium, Cladosporium, and unclassified Microascaceae. Fungal community composition was altered by biochar during composting, especially during the thermophilic and the cooling phase, promoting Aspergillus and Myriococcum while inhibiting unclassified Microascaceae and Thermomyces. Based on linear discriminant analysis effect size analysis, common indicator groups were detected in both composts; however, specific indicator groups were also found in BC treatment, including Clavicipitaceae, Tremellales, Gibberella, and Coprinopsis. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) indicated that moisture content, organic matter, C/N, and pH had significant correlation (p < 0.05) with fungal composition in both treatments. However, in compost added with biochar, temperature was not an important factor affecting fungal community (p > 0.05).


Assuntos
Compostagem , Micobioma , Animais , Bovinos , Carvão Vegetal , Feminino , Esterco , Solo
18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 191: 110161, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954219

RESUMO

Denitrification and nitrification processes are the two prominent pathways of nitrogen (N) transformation in composting matrix. This study explored the dynamics of denitrifying and nitrifying bacteria at different composting stages of cow manure and corn straw using functional gene sequencing at DNA and cDNA levels. Corresponding agreement among OTUs, NMDS, mental test and network analyses revealed that functional bacteria community compositions and responses to physicochemical factors were different at DNA and cDNA levels. Specifically, some OTUs were detected at the DNA level but were not observed at cDNA level, differences were also found in the distribution patterns of nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria communities at both levels. Furthermore, co-occurrence network analysis indicated that Pseudomonas, Paracoccus and Nitrosomonas were identified as the keystone OTUs at the DNA level, while Paracoccus, Agrobacterium and Nitrosospira were keystone OTUs at the cDNA level. Mantel test revealed that TN, C/N and moisture content significantly influenced both the denitrifying bacteria and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) communities at the DNA level. NO3--N, NH4+-N, TN, C/N, and moisture content only registered significant correlation with the nosZ-type denitrifiers and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) communities at the cDNA level. Structural equation model (SEM) showed that TN, NH4+-N, and pH were direct and significantly influenced the gene abundance of denitrifying bacteria. Howbeit, TN, NH4+-N, and NO3--N had significant direct effects on amoA gene abundance.


Assuntos
Betaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Compostagem , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Complementar/genética , Esterco/microbiologia , Amônia/metabolismo , Animais , Betaproteobacteria/genética , Betaproteobacteria/metabolismo , Bovinos , China , Desnitrificação , Feminino , Microbiota/genética , Nitrificação , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Oxirredução
19.
Biotechnol Appl Biochem ; 67(5): 799-811, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746033

RESUMO

In this study, nutrient loss, the direct and indirect relationship between period, compost types, temperature, total nitrogen (TN), nitrate nitrogen (NO3 - -N), ammonium nitrogen (NH4 + -N), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), and microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN) were investigated during composting of cattle manure-maize straw mixture. This study findings revealed that biochar addition lowered NH4 + -N but did not increase NO3 - -N concentrations unlike no biochar piles during composting. The first-order kinetic models showed that biochar accelerated organic matter (OM) degradation and improved nitrogen mineralization, consequently reducing TN losses by 13.6% and OM losses by 12.66%. Transformation ratio of MBC/MBN, coupled with other chemical components of the entire microbial community, suggested a shift in the microbial succession and diversity during composting from the dominant bacteria and actinomycetes to fungi. The structural equation model and path coefficient revealed temperature to be the main factor mediating the evolution of MBC and MBN in composting. The physicochemical variables, phytotoxicity, and final product quality revealed that biochar incorporation to the composting feedstock is an ideal material for mitigating problems of TN and OM losses in composting and ultimately enhancing the fertility potential of the final compost product.

20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1133-1135, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify a novel human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B allele in a Chinese Han individual and construct its three-dimensional structure. METHODS: The initial HLA genotyping was performed by PCR-sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT). The ambiguous allele was confirmed with single-strand DNA sequencing. The DNA sequence was analyzed to identify the difference between the novel allele and its closest matching allele. Finally, the three-dimensional molecular structure of the novel allele was constructed using a Swiss-Model. RESULTS: One allele of the subject at the HLA-B locus was B*44:03:01, whilst the other was a novel allele which differed from the closest matching allele B*51:01:01:01 by nucleotide (nt) 329 A to C in exon 2, resulting in an amino acid change at codon 86 (p.Asn86Thr). CONCLUSION: A novel HLA-B allele has been identified and officially named as HLA-B*51:159 by the WHO Nomenclature Committee for Factors of the HLA System. The three-dimensional structure of B*51:159 was simulated.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Antígenos HLA-B/química , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Alelos , Sequência de Bases , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Análise de Sequência de DNA
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA