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1.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(16): 9384-9393, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35383793

RESUMO

The emerging semiconductor boron arsenide (BAs) with high thermal conductivity has attracted much attention recently, due to its promising application to overcome the bottleneck of high-density heat generated in power electronics and optoelectronic devices. In this work, based on first-principles calculations, we find that cubic BAs possesses high intrinsic electron/hole mobilities and the ionized impurity scattering plays a more important role in carrier scattering, compared with other scattering processes. The mobilities can be significantly enhanced by 14.9% and 76.2% for electrons and holes, respectively, by strain engineering. The investigation of the optoelectronic properties of indirect semiconductor cubic BAs by considering the many-body excitonic effects reveals that the contribution from finite-momentum excitons to optical properties is larger for photon energy ranging from 2.25 eV to 3.50 eV, compared with that from zero-momentum excitons. Finally, we observe that the phonon-electron couplings to total lattice thermal conductivities are non-trivial at low temperatures. These findings provide new insight into the transport and optoelectronic properties of cubic BAs, which are beneficial for the acceleration of the application of this revolutionary thermal management material.

2.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 9(4): e2103648, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904393

RESUMO

Exploring lead-free candidates and improving efficiency and stability remain the obstacle of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite-based devices commercialization. Traditional trial-and-error methods seriously restrict the discovery especially for large search space, complex crystal structure and multi-objective properties. Here, the authors propose a multi-step and multi-stage screening scheme to accelerate the discovery of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites A2 BB'X6 from a large number of candidates through combining machine learning with high-throughput calculations for pursuing excellent efficiency and thermal stability in solar cells. Followed by a series of screenings, the structure-property relationships mapping A2 BB'X6 properties are built and the predictions are close to reported experimental results. Successfully, four experimental-feasibly candidates with good stability, high Debye temperature and suitable band gap are screened out and further verified by density-functional theory calculations, in which the predicted efficiency for three lead-free candidates ((CH3 NH3 )2 AgGaBr6 , (CH3 NH3 )2 AgInBr6 and (C2 NH6 )2 AgInBr6 ) achieves 20.6%, 19.9% and 27.6% due to ultrabroadband absorption region ranging from UVC to IRC with excitonic radiative combination rates as low as 10 ps, large or intermediate polarons form with properties similar to CH3 NH3 PbI3 and the calculated thermal conductivities are 5.04, 4.39 and 5.16 Wm-1 K-1 , respectively, with Debye temperatures larger than 500 K, beneficial for suppression of both nonradiative combination and heat-induced degradation.

3.
Mater Horiz ; 8(4): 1253-1263, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821918

RESUMO

The strategy of band convergence of multi-valley conduction bands or multi-peak valence bands has been widely used to search or improve thermoelectric materials. However, the phonon-assisted intervalley scatterings due to multiple band degeneracy are usually neglected in the thermoelectric community. In this work, we investigate the (thermo)electric properties of non-polar monolayer ß- and α-antimonene considering full mode- and momentum-resolved electron-phonon interactions. We also analyze thoroughly the selection rules on electron-phonon matrix-elements using group-theory arguments. Our calculations reveal strong intervalley scatterings between the nearly degenerate valley states in both ß- and α-antimonene, and the commonly-used deformation potential approximation neglecting the dominant intervalley scattering gives inaccurate estimations of the electron-phonon scattering and thermoelectric transport properties. By considering full electron-phonon interactions based on the rigid-band approximation, we find that, the maximum value of the thermoelectric figure of merits zT at room temperature reduces to 0.37 in ß-antimonene, by a factor of 5.7 compared to the value predicted based on the constant relaxation-time approximation method. Our work not only provides an accurate prediction of the thermoelectric performances of antimonenes, which reveals the key role of intervalley scatterings in determining the electronic part of zT, but also exhibits a computational framework for thermoelectric materials.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(20)2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34681792

RESUMO

S-adenosylmethionine synthetase (SAMS) plays a crucial role in regulating stress responses. In a recent study, we found that overexpression of the cucumber gene CsSAMS1 in tobacco can affect the production of polyamines and ethylene, as well as enhancing the salt stress tolerance of tobacco, but the exact underlying mechanisms are elusive. The calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK) family is ubiquitous in plants and performs different biological functions in plant development and response to abiotic stress. We used a yeast two-hybrid system to detect whether the protein CDPK6 could interact with SAMS1 and verified their interaction by bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assays. To further explore the function of cucumber CDPK6, we isolated and characterized CsCDPK6 in cucumber. CsCDPK6 is a membrane protein that is highly expressed under various abiotic stresses, including salt stress. It was also observed that ectopic overexpression of CsCDPK6 in tobacco enhanced salt tolerance. Under salt stress, CsCDPK6-overexpressing lines enhanced the survival rate and reduced stomatal apertures in comparison to wild-type (WT) lines, as well as lowering malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) contents and causing less relative electrolyte leakage. Moreover, repression of CsCDPK6 expression by virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) in cucumber seedling cotyledons under salt stress increased ethylene production and promoted the transformation from putrescine (Put) to spermidine (Spd) and spermine (Spm). These findings shed light on the interaction of CsSAMS1 and CsCDPK6, which functions positively to regulate salt stress in plants.


Assuntos
Cucumis sativus , Etilenos/metabolismo , Poliaminas/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases/fisiologia , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Tabaco , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Cucumis sativus/genética , Cucumis sativus/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Metionina Adenosiltransferase/metabolismo , Filogenia , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Quinases/genética , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Homologia de Sequência , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/metabolismo
5.
Appl Opt ; 60(24): 7346-7350, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613022

RESUMO

Five-hundred-watt cylindrical vector beams (CVBs) at 1030 nm with the 3 dB linewidth being less than 0.25 nm have been generated from a narrow linewidth all-fiber linearly polarized laser by metasurface extracavity conversion. At maximum output power, the transmission efficiency and polarization extinction ratio of radially polarized cylindrical vector beams (RP-CVBs) are beyond 98% and 95%, respectively. The average power is approximately an order higher than previously reported high-power narrow-linewidth CVBs generated from fiber lasers. The temperature rise of the metasurface is less than 10°C at 500 W output power, which means that the system can be further power-scaled in the near future. The high-power, high-purity, and high-efficiency RP-CVBs generated by the metasurface demonstrate potential application of a metasurface in high-power CVBs lasers.

6.
J Phys Chem A ; 125(22): 4918-4927, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34038116

RESUMO

The transport properties of chemical species such as coefficients of diffusion, thermal conductivity, and viscosity have been widely used in combustion modeling. Lennard-Jones parameters fitted from the accurate intermolecular potential energy surfaces are crucial to obtain such information. Hence, a fast and accurate energy function is always desired for this purpose. In this study, the quality of a widely used polarizable force field AMOEBA was examined for the interaction between noble gases and n-alkanes. First, the intermolecular energy was compared between AMOEBA, MP2/CBS, MP2/aug'-cc-pVDZ, and QCISD(T)/CBS. The root mean squared error of the original AMOEBA was 10.31 cm-1 against QCISD(T)/CBS for all conformations. This was comparable with the errors of 10.84 and 7.75 cm-1 for MP2/aug'-cc-pVDZ and MP2/CBS, respectively. Further optimizing the van der Waals parameters of noble gases, the error of the force field against QCISD(T)/CBS was reduced to 6.24 cm-1, even better than the MP2/CBS results. Based on the optimized force field parameters, the intermolecular Lennard-Jones parameters were derived using the spherically averaged method and one-dimensional minimization method for a set of (n-alkanes, noble gases) pairs. The discrepancy of the one-dimensional minimization predicted Lennard-Jones collision rates from the tabulated values was typically within 10%, while it could be as large as 20-30% for the spherically averaged method. Additionally, the binary diffusion coefficients were calculated using the present Lennard-Jones parameters. In this case, the parameters derived from the spherically averaged method perform better. The mean unsigned error of the diffusion coefficients is usually within 5%, which is in good agreement with the experimental results. The results demonstrate that the AMOEBA force field can be used to generate the transport parameters systematically.

7.
Opt Express ; 29(6): 7986-7997, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820254

RESUMO

In this work, quasi-static mode degradation in high power fiber amplifiers has been investigated experimentally. An increase of M2 from 1.3 to 2.6 with distortion of the beam profile is observed, which results in the signal spectra and backward light characterization departing from the traditional phenomena. The amplifier has been operated at the same input pump power of 705 W for nearly 2.2 hours to investigate the relationship between quasi-static mode degradation and photodarkening. The evolution of M2 factor/beam profile, mode correlation coefficient and output laser power at different working times indicate that the quasi-static mode degradation in the high power fiber amplifiers is dependent on photodarkening and evolves on the scale of tens of minutes. A visible green light has been injected to photobleach the gain fiber for 19 hours, which reveals that the quasi-static mode degradation has been suppressed simultaneously. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first detail report of photodarkening-induced quasi-static degradation in high power fiber amplifiers.

8.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 36(5): 1007-1016, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33398511

RESUMO

AIM: To identify the optimal interval from the end of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy to surgery (CRT-surgery interval) based on long-term oncological outcome of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). METHODS: Retrospective data analysis is reported from patients diagnosed with cT3 or T4 or TxN+ rectal cancer who underwent neoadjuvant treatment and curative-intent surgery between January 2010 and December 2018. With a priority focus on the effect of interval on oncological prognosis, we used recurrence-free survival (RFS) as the primary endpoint to determine the best cutoff point of time intervals. Then, the short-term and long-term outcomes of patients from longer and shorter interval groups were compared. RESULTS: Data from 910 patients were analyzed, with 185 patients who achieved pCR (20.3%). The trend for increased rates of pCR for groups with a prolonged time interval was not observed (P = 0.808). X-tile determined a cutoff value of 10.5 weeks, and the population was divided into longer (> 10 weeks) and shorter (≤ 10 weeks) interval groups. The shorter interval was associated with a higher wound infection rate (4.7% vs. 1.1%, P = 0.031), but other postoperative complications did not differ between the groups. The 5-year RFS rate was significantly higher in patients in a longer group than those in the shorter weeks group (86.8% vs. 77.8%, P = 0.016). The 5-year OS rates between groups were similar (84.1% vs. 82.5%, P = 0.257). Local recurrence and lung metastases rates were higher in shorter interval group than those of longer group (local recurrence rate: 1.7% vs. 5.1%, P = 0.049; lung metastases rate: 5.7% vs. 10.7%, P = 0.047). Cox multivariate regression analysis confirmed the CRT-surgery interval (HR = 0.599, P = 0.045) to be an independent prognostic factor of RFS. CONCLUSION: This study is the first, to the best of our knowledge, to define the optimal CRT-surgery interval based on RFS as the primary endpoint. Prolonging the waiting period to 10 weeks after the completion of CRT with additional chemotherapy cycles during the interval period might be a promising option to improve oncological survival in LARC patients treated with CRT and TME without compromising the surgical safety. Further randomized controlled trials investigating this are warranted to prove a clearly causality.


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais , Quimiorradioterapia , China/epidemiologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Orthop Surg ; 12(6): 2018-2025, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000548

RESUMO

Anatomic tunnel formation and remnant preservation are the recent trends in posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. However, it is difficult to observe the anatomical PCL footprint and perform the operation in the process of remnant-preserving PCL reconstruction. This study describes a single-bundle, transtibial PCL reconstruction technique with anatomic graft passage over the remnant PCL fibers. A femoral tunnel of PCL is created at 2 mm medial to the roof of the intercondylar notch and 3 mm proximal to the margin of the articular cartilage. The tibial insertion of PCL is observed using a figure-of-four position through a posterior trans-septal portal. A tibial bone tunnel is made below the distal center portion of the tibial insertion of residual PCL fibers. The graft is passed over the PCL through the tibial bone tunnel, the space between the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the residual PCL fibers, to the femoral socket and is fixed by the EndoButton and screw. This technique is able to ensure a reasonable intra-articular length and optimal isometry. It has been applied in patients with PCL rupture and posterior instability of the knee joint, and no intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred. Our technology provides a valuable new treatment option for PCL rupture. Future comparative studies are needed to further clarify its beneficial effect.


Assuntos
Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Posterior/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 46(6): 1118-1123, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113887

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the impact of circumferential tumour location on neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) response and its prognostic value for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients after CRT and surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 486 patients with LARC who received neoadjuvant CRT and surgical treatment. The rate of pathological complete response (pCR) and survival among patients with anteriorly, laterally, and posteriorly located tumours were compared. Logistic regression was performed to identify pCR predictors. RESULTS: The anterior tumours exhibited the highest pCR rate of 26.7%, which was slightly higher than the 20.0% and 12.3% for lateral and posterior tumours, respectively (P = 0.006). The 5-year Overall survival (OS) rates after CRT were similar among the anterior, lateral, and posterior groups (anterior vs lateral vs posterior: 81.1% vs 89.9% vs 84.1%, P = 0.6368). Multivariate analysis revealed that the circumferential tumour location, post-CRT serum CEA and post-CRT tumour thickness measured by MRI were independently correlated with achieving pCR. CONCLUSION: This study is the first, to the best of our knowledge, to show that anterior LARC exhibited the highest pCR rate after neoadjuvant CRT. Patients with anterior rectal cancers do not have different prognoses from those with non-anterior cancers if they undergo neoadjuvant CRT.


Assuntos
Margens de Excisão , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico , Reto/cirurgia , Quimiorradioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(8): 3116-3128, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220211

RESUMO

The successful synthesis of Janus transition metal dichalcogenides offers new opportunities in two-dimensional materials due to its novel properties induced by structural mirror asymmetry. Herein, by using the first-principle calculations, the thermodynamical stability for monolayers MoSSe and WSSe is demonstrated by phonon dispersion with no imaginary frequencies. No longitudinal optical-transverse optical (LO-TO) splitting exists at the Γ point and phonon frequencies are red-shifted, since the 2D Coulomb screening effect is introduced to eliminate the spurious interaction between adjacent layers. An indirect-direct-indirect transition in band gaps for both MoSSe and WSSe is observed, and tunable mobilities can be realized by uniaxial strain, reaching up to 106 cm2 V-1 s-1 when applying 2% tensile strain along the zigzag direction to monolayer MoSSe, which provides a good platform for flexible electronic devices. Large band gaps of 2.569 and 2.666 eV are predicted for monolayers MoSSe and WSSe when considering many-body quasiparticle corrections. The enhanced electron-hole interaction caused by a weak screening effect leads to considerable binding energies for both MoSSe and WSSe, and such tightly binding excitons with large oscillator strengths generate strong absorption peaks in visible region. The remarkable properties of Janus monolayers MoSSe and WSSe make them promising in next-generation microelectronic, optoelectronic, and valleytronic devices.

12.
Nanoscale ; 11(43): 20620-20629, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641720

RESUMO

The successful commercial applications as thermoelectric devices and, due to their exotic electronic properties, as topological insulators of bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3) and bismuth selenide (Bi2Se3) have stimulated research interest on Bi2Se3/Bi2Te3-based chemical compounds. Based on the first-principles calculations, we investigate the electronic, optical, vibrational and transport properties of new monolayer Bi2TeSe2 obtained by transmuting one Se atom into its neighboring Te atom in the same group from Bi2Se3. We find that the monolayer Bi2TeSe2 maintains a stable hexagonal structure up to 700 K. Monolayer Bi2TeSe2 possesses a direct bandgap of 0.29 eV due to the strong spin-orbit coupling effects, and it remains a direct semiconductor for strains in a moderate range. The optical absorption covers a wide range from the green region to the ultraviolet region, which may lead to applications in optoelectronic devices like saturable absorbers. An extremely high electron mobility of 20 678 cm2 V-1 s-1 along the zigzag direction can be achieved by strain engineering with -6% compressive strain, which is nearly ten times larger than the intrinsic mobility. These indicate that monolayer Bi2TeSe2 is a promising candidate for future high-speed (opto)electronic devices.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(40): 37216-37228, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525018

RESUMO

As a traditional thermoelectric material with high thermoelectric performance at room temperature, antimony telluride (Sb2Te3) has been widely used in energy applications like power generation and refrigeration. By employing the "atomic transmutation" method, three new kinds of Sb2Te3-based monolayers of α-Sb2Te2Se, α-Sb2TeSe2, and ß-Sb2TeSe2 are designed, which are expected to possess a high thermoelectric performance due to the quantum-confinement effects. In this work, by using the ab initio calculations, we systematically study electronic structures, vibration modes, optical, transport, and thermoelectric properties for the three kinds of monolayers and find that they are indirect-band-gap semiconductor materials with chemical and thermodynamic stability up to 700 K (α-Sb2TeSe2) or 900 K (α-Sb2Te2Se and ß-Sb2TeSe2). The band gaps are around 1.0 eV with five nearly degenerate peaks in valence bands. The three Sb2Te3-xSex monolayers possess high electron mobilities larger than 1000 cm2/(V s), and the maximum zT values of α-Sb2Te2Se/α-Sb2TeSe2/ß-Sb2TeSe2 are 0.70/0.71/0.65 at 300 K, respectively. For optical properties, the three Sb2Te3-xSex monolayers possess a wide absorption range from the blue region to the ultraviolet region. Compared with Sb2Te3, the three new kinds of monolayers possess a wider range of absorptions, higher mobilities, and thermoelectric performances, which may lead to promising applications in thermoelectric devices and saturable absorbers.

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(48): 30351-30364, 2018 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30488929

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) MX2 (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te) possess unique properties and novel applications in optoelectronics, valleytronics and quantum computation. In this work, we performed first-principles calculations to investigate the electronic, optical and transport properties of the van der Waals (vdW) stacked MX2 heterostructures formed by two individual MX2 monolayers. We found that the so-called Anderson's rule can effectively classify the band structures of heterostructures into three types: straddling, staggered and broken gap. The broken gap is gapless, while the other two types possess direct (straddling, staggered) or indirect (staggered) band gaps. The indirect band gaps are formed by the relatively higher energy level of Te-d orbitals or the interlayer couplings of M or X atoms. For a large part of the formed MX2 heterostructures, the conduction band maximum (CBM) and valence band minimum (VBM) reside in two separate monolayers, thus the electron-hole pairs are spatially separated, which may lead to bound excitons with extended lifetimes. The carrier mobilities, which depend on three competitive factors, i.e. elastic modulus, effective mass and deformation potential constant, show larger values for electrons of MX2 heterostructures compared to their constituent monolayers. Finally, the calculated optical properties reveal strong absorption in the ultraviolet region.

15.
Opt Lett ; 43(15): 3670-3673, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30067651

RESUMO

In this Letter, we study short-wavelength conical refraction (CR) via sum-frequency generation (SFG) in the femtosecond regime, a previously unaddressed topic. Based on biaxial crystal of KGd(WO4)2 whose dispersion of optical-axis orientation is negligible in near-IR, conventional femtosecond lasers at 800 and 1054 nm are transformed into CR beams, respectively. Femtosecond CR beams at 454 nm are generated via SFG with the near-IR CR beams. While the generated sum-frequency ring is typically incomplete, a full-ring distribution can be achieved by adopting Type-II SFG with a large phase mismatch. We find that the femtosecond sum-frequency ring under various phase-matching conditions evolves as typical CR beams.

16.
Opt Express ; 25(21): 25149-25164, 2017 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29041186

RESUMO

Quasi-parametric chirped pulse amplification (QPCPA) is a new scheme that enables the amplification of chirped signal pulses without back conversion by depleting the idler pulses. In this paper, we present a numerical study on the bandwidth, efficiency, and robustness of QPCPA. Self-locked phase among the interacting waves is found to be the underlying mechanism for the suppression of back conversion, which allows signal efficiency approaching to the quantum limit even under the phase-mismatch condition, and thus greatly increases the phase-mismatch tolerance of QPCPA. We demonstrate that QPCPA can break through the trade-off between the efficiency and bandwidth encountered in conventional optical parametric amplification, hence supporting highly efficient amplification of few-cycle pulses.

17.
Nanoscale ; 9(22): 7397-7407, 2017 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28318004

RESUMO

Controlling heat transport through material design is one important step toward thermal management in 2D materials. To control heat transport, a comprehensive understanding of how structure influences heat transport is required. It has been argued that a buckled structure is able to suppress heat transport by increasing the flexural phonon scattering. Using a first principles approach, we calculate the lattice thermal conductivity of 2D mono-elemental materials with a buckled structure. Somewhat counterintuitively, we find that although 2D group-V materials have a larger mass and higher buckling height than their group-IV counterparts, the calculated κ of blue phosphorene (106.6 W mK-1) is nearly four times higher than that of silicene (28.3 W mK-1), while arsenene (37.8 W mK-1) is more than fifteen times higher than germanene (2.4 W mK-1). We report for the first time that a buckled structure has three conflicting effects: (i) increasing the Debye temperature by increasing the overlap of the pz orbitals, (ii) suppressing the acoustic-optical scattering by forming an acoustic-optical gap, and (iii) increasing the flexural phonon scattering. The former two, corresponding to the harmonic phonon part, tend to enhance κ, while the last one, corresponding to the anharmonic part, suppresses it. This relationship between the buckled structure and phonon behaviour provides insight into how to control heat transport in 2D materials.

19.
Opt Express ; 24(21): 23957-23968, 2016 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27828229

RESUMO

Recent progress in strong-field physics has stimulated the quest for intense mid-infrared ultrashort light sources. Optical parametric amplification (OPA) is one promising method to build up such sources, however, its development significantly relies on the availability of suitable nonlinear crystals. Here, we introduce a positive uniaxial crystal La3Ga5.5Nb0.5O14 (LGN), which exhibits a favorable set of optical properties for the application in a mid-IR OPA. We theoretically evaluate the performance of LGN as the nonlinear crystal of a mid-infrared OPA, with an emphasis on the bandwidth characteristic. We find that this crystal can support broadband amplifications across its entire mid-infrared transparent region up to 6 µm, outperforming other commonly-used mid-infrared crystals in terms of gain bandwidth. Few-cycle mid-infrared pulses at various wavelengths can be generated from the LGN-based optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifiers.

20.
Sci Rep ; 6: 36059, 2016 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27786299

RESUMO

Optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) has been demonstrated to be a promising approach for pushing femtosecond pulses towards ultra-high peak powers. However, the future success of OPCPA strongly relies on the ability to manipulate its phase-matching (PM) configuration. When a high average power pump laser is involved, the thermal effects in nonlinear crystals induce phase-mismatch distortions that pose an inherent limitation on the conversion efficiency. Here, we demonstrate that the noncollinear configuration previously adopted for wavelength-insensitive PM can be employed for temperature-insensitive PM when the noncollinear angle is properly reset. Simultaneous temperature- and wavelength-insensitive PM is realized for the first time by imposing such a temperature-insensitive noncollinear configuration with an angularly dispersed seed signal. Based on the lithium triborate crystal, the proposed noncollinear achromatic PM has a thermal acceptance 6 times larger than that of the conventional wavelength-insensitive noncollinear PM and has a sufficient spectral acceptance to support pulse durations of ~20 fs at 800 nm. These achievements open new possibilities for generating ultra-high peak power lasers with high average power.

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