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1.
Reprod Sci ; 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076870

RESUMO

Methylmalonic acidemia combined with homocysteinemia and cobalamin C type (MMA-CblC, MIM # 277400) is a rare inherited disease with cobalamin metabolic disorder, which are caused by deficiency in the MMACHC gene. A couple with a proband child carried with compound heterozygous mutations of MMACHC (c.609G>A and c.567 dup T, NM_015506) sought for assisted reproductive technology to avoid the transmission of pathogenic genetic variants and unnecessary induction of labor. Thus, in vitro fertilization (IVF), preimplantation genetic testing (PGT), and prenatal genetic diagnosis were applied to fulfill this clinical demand. In this study, seven embryos were biopsied and carried out whole-genome amplification using multiple annealing and looping-based amplification cycle (MALBAC) method. Sanger sequencing together with copy number variation (CNV) analysis and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) haplotyping was conducted to detect the mutated alleles and chromosomal abnormalities simultaneously. Three embryos (E07, E06, and E02) were confirmed without CNVs and inherited mutations at MMACHC gene. Embryo E07 with the best embryo ranking of 5BB was selected preferentially to transfer which led to a successful pregnancy and an unaffected live birth. Prenatal genetic diagnosing with amniotic fluid cells, Sanger sequencing with cord blood cells, and neonate MMA screening further verified our successful application of PGT in preventing mutated allele transmission for this rare inherited disease.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(10)2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070207

RESUMO

In domestic ruminants, endometrial receptivity is related to successful pregnancy and economic efficiency. Despite several molecules having been reported in the past regarding endometrial receptivity regulation, much regarding the mechanism of endometrial receptivity regulation remains unknown due to the complex nature of the trait. In this work, we demonstrated that the cysteine-rich transmembrane bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) regulator 1 (CRIM1) served as a novel regulator in the regulation of goat endometrial receptivity in vitro. Our results showed that hormones and IFN-τ increased the expression of CRIM1 in goat endometrial epithelial cells (EECs). Knockdown of CRIM1 via specific shRNA hindered cell proliferation, cell adhesion and prostaglandins (PGs) secretion and thus derailed normal endometrial receptivity. We further confirmed that receptivity defect phenotypes due to CRIM1 interference were restored by ATG7 overexpression in EECs while a loss of ATG7 further impaired receptivity phenotypes. Moreover, our results showed that changing the expression of ATG7 affected the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Moreover, mR-143-5p was shown to be a potential upstream factor of CRIM1-regulated endometrial receptivity in EECs. Overall, these results suggest that CRIM1, as the downstream target of miR-143-5p, has effects on ATG7-dependent autophagy, regulating cell proliferation, cell adhesion and PG secretion, and provides a new target for the diagnosis and treatment of early pregnancy failure and for improving the success rates of artificial reproduction.

3.
Toxins (Basel) ; 13(5)2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064406

RESUMO

Ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are toxic proteins that can inhibit protein synthesis. RIPs purified from Bougainvillea have low nonspecific toxicity, showing promise for processing applications in the agricultural and medical fields. However, systematic research on the polymorphism of Bougainvillea RIPs is lacking, and it is worth exploring whether different isoforms differ in their active characteristics. The transcriptional and translational expression of type I RIPs in Bougainvillea glabra leaves was investigated in this study. Seven RIPs exhibited seasonal variation at both the mRNA and protein levels. The isoforms BI4 and BI6 showed the highest transcriptional expression in both the summer and autumn samples. Interestingly, BI6 was not detected in the protein level in any of the samples. However, the bioinformatics analysis showed that RIPs derived from the same species were gathered in a different cluster, and that the active sites changed among the isoforms during evolution. The significant discrepancy in Bougainvillea RIPs mainly locates at both termini of the amino acid sequence, particularly at the C terminus. Post-translational modifications may also exist in Bougainvillea RIPs. It is concluded that the reason for the polymorphism of Bougainvillea RIPs may be that these proteins are encoded by multiple genes due to genetic processes such as gene duplication and mutation. According to the results of sequence analysis, the possible functional differences of B. glabra RIP isoforms are discussed with regard to the observed discrepancy in both active sites and structures.

4.
Sci Adv ; 7(18)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931458

RESUMO

Perovskite solar cells have emerged as one of the most promising thin-film photovoltaic (PV) technologies and have made a strong debut in the PV field. However, they still face difficulties with up-scaling to module-level devices and long-term stability issue. Here, we report the use of a room-temperature nonvolatile Lewis base additive, diphenyl sulfoxide(DPSO), in formamidinium-cesium (FACs) perovskite precursor solution to enhance the nucleation barrier and stabilize the wet precursor film for the scalable fabrication of uniform, large-area FACs perovskite films. With a parallel-interconnected module design, the resultant solar module realized a certified quasi-stabilized efficiency of 16.63% with an active area of 20.77 cm2 The encapsulated modules maintained 97 and 95% of their initial efficiencies after 10,000 and 1187 hours under day/night cycling and 1-sun equivalent white-light light-emitting diode array illumination with maximum power point tracking at 50°C, respectively.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052955

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of the combining CNV-seq and quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) for miscarriage analysis in clinical practice. METHODS: Over a 35-month period, a total of 389 fetal specimens including 356 chorionic villi and 33 fetal muscle tissues were analyzed by CNV-seq and QF-PCR. Relationships between the risk factors (e.g., advanced maternal age, abnormal pregnancy history, and gestational age) and incidence of these chromosomal abnormalities were further analyzed by subgroup. RESULTS: Clinically significant chromosomal abnormalities were identified in 58.95% cases. Aneuploidy was the most common abnormality (46.84%), followed by polyploidy (8.16%) and structural chromosome anomalies (3.95%). In sub-group analysis, significant differences were found in the total frequency of chromosomal abnormalities between the early abortion and the late abortion group, as well as in the distribution of chromosomal abnormalities between the advanced and the younger maternal age group. Meanwhile, the results of the logistic regression analysis identified a trend suggesting that the percentage of fetal chromosomal abnormalities is significantly higher in advanced maternal age, lesser gestational age, and lesser number of prior miscarriages. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that CNV-seq and QF-PCR are efficient and reliable technologies in the fetal chromosome analysis of miscarriages and could be used as a routine selection method for the genetic analysis of spontaneous abortion.

6.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0247556, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few microRNAs were found consistently dysregulated in type 2 diabetes (T2D) that would gain confidence from Big Pharma to develop diagnostic or therapeutic biomarkers. This study aimed to corroborate evidence from eligible microRNAs-T2D association studies according to stringent quality criteria covering both biological and statistical significance in T2D for biomarker development. METHODS AND ANALYSES: Controlled microRNA expression profiling studies on human with T2D will be retrieved from PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Embase for selecting the statistically significant microRNAs according to pre-specified search strategies and inclusion criteria. Multiple meta-analyses with restricted maximum-likelihood estimation and empirical Bayes estimation under the random-effects model will be conducted by metafor package in R. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses further examine the microRNA candidates for their disease specificity, tissue specificity, blood fraction specificity, and statistical robustness of evidence. Biologically relevant microRNAs will then be selected through genomic database corroboration. Their association with T2D is further measured by area under the curve (AUC) of receive operating characteristic (ROC). Meta-analysis of AUC of potential biomarkers will also be conducted. Enrichment analysis on potential microRNA biomarkers and their target genes will be performed by iPathwayGuide and clusterProfiler, respectively. The corresponding reporting guidelines will be used to assess the quality of included studies according to their profiling methods (microarray, RT-PCR, and RNA-Seq). ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No ethics approval is required since this study does not include identifiable personal patient data. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42017081659.

7.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(2): 319-325, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829709

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application of array-based comparative genomic hybridization (a-CGH) technology in the prenatal diagnostic assessment of abnormal serological prenatal screening results of Down's syndrome (DS). Methods: A total of 3 578 amniotic fluid samples from pregnant women who underwent amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis solely due to abnormal serological prenatal screening results were selected. The samples were categorized into 3 groups, 2 624 in the high-risk group, 662 in the borderline-risk group, and 292 in the abnormal multiple of median (MoM) group. a-CGH was performed on the Agilent CGX ™ (8×60K) platform and the data were analyzed by the Genoglyphix ® software. Results: The overall detection rate of chromosomal abnormalities was 3.38% (121/3 578). Among the chromosomal abnormalities, 49.59% (60/121) was aneuploidies, 42.15% (51/121) was pathogenic copy number variants (pCNVs), and 8.26% (10/121) was likely pathogenic CNVs (lpCNVs). The detection rate of copy number variant of uncertain significance (VUS) was 1.03% (37/3 578). In the high-risk, the borderline-risk and the abnormal MoM groups, the detection rate of chromosomal abnormalities was 3.54% (93/2 624), 2.87% (19/662) and 3.08% (9/292), respectively; the detection rate of p/lp CNVs was 1.64% (43/2 624), 1.81% (12/662) and 2.05% (6/292), respectively; the detection rate of trisomy 21 and trisomy 18 was 1.37% (36/2 624), 0.76% (5/662) and 0.34% (1/292) in the three groups, respectively. There were no significant differences in all the detection rate among these groups ( P>0.05). One sample with X(51)/XYY(49) confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was misdiagnosed by a-CGH. Conclusion: Prenatal diagnosis with a-CGH is of great significance for reducing birth defects in pregnancies with abnormal serological prenatal screening results of DS. It can also be used to detect CNVs of microdeletion/microduplication syndromes.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Down , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Síndrome de Down/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Down/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
8.
Hell J Nucl Med ; 24(1): 94-95, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33866343

RESUMO

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare lung disease, which may cause repeating infections. A 36-year-old man had repetitive admissions to our hospital, beginning two years ago, due to episodes of severe dyspnea. Serial computed tomography (CT) scans revealed extensive ground-glass opacities with interlobular/intralobular septal thickening, diffuse consolidations in both lungs and enlarged lower paratracheal lymph nodes. The first biopsy of the right lung and of a mediastinal lymph node showed no evidence of malignancy. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT (18 F-FDG PET/CT) was performed in June 2020 following a case of clinical and radiological deterioration to exclude the possibility of malignancy. Positron emission tomography/CT showed increased 18F-FDG uptake in the both lungs and in enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes, with maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of 13.5 and 9.2 respectively. Computed tomography-guided biopsy of the right lower lobe supported the diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.

9.
Pharmacol Res ; 169: 105611, 2021 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878446

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the main contributors to cancer-associated deaths globally, is characterized by high invasiveness. Herein, we studied the molecular mechanisms underlying ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1)-mediated autophagy in HCC. Following data mining using GSE101728, GSE14520 and GSE138178, TET1 was screened out, and the differential expression of TET1 was verified by bioinformatics analysis. TET1, one of the prognostic markers in HCC, was poorly expressed in HCC. Through functional experiments, we determined that upregulation of TET1 inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion, tumorigenesis, metastasis and inflammatory factors of HCC cells, and promoted cell autophagy and apoptosis. Mechanistically, TET1 activated miR-34a by demethylating miR-34a. BTB domain and CNC homology 1 (BACH1) was identified as the target gene of miR-34a. Notably, Downregulation of miR-34a increased cellular inflammatory factors and decreased autophagy in the presence of TET1, while declines in BACH1 suppressed cellular inflammatory factors and enhanced autophagy in the presence of miR-34a inhibitor. BACH1 negatively regulated the p53 pathway. In conclusion, TET1 is a tumor suppressor in the progression of HCC by regulating the miR-34a/BACH1/p53 axis, and may contribute to the improvement of HCC prognosis and therapy.

10.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(1): 117-123, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33474900

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical application of array-based comparative genomic hybridization (a-CGH) in the prenatal diagnosis of fetal chromosomal aberrations in gravidas with advanced maternal age (AMA). Methods: A total of 3 677 amniotic fluid samples from pregnant women who underwent amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis solely due to AMA were selected. Array-CGH was performed on the Agilent CGX TM (8X60K) platform and the data were analyzed by the Genoglyphix software. Results: The overall detection rate of chromosomal aberration was 2.04% (75/3677), with 53.33% (40/75) being aneuploidies, including 22 cases of trisomy-21, 5 cases of trisomy-18, 8 cases with XXY, 3 cases of XYY and 2 cases of mosaic monosomy X, 32.00% (24/75) being pathogenic copy number variations (pCNVs), including 19 cases of microdeletion and 5 cases of microduplication, with the fragment size ranging from 323 kb to 26 780 kb, and 14.67% (11/75) being likely pathogenic CNVs (lpCNVs), including 7 cases of microdeletion and 7 cases of microduplication, with the fragment size ranging from 358 kb to 16 873 kb. Besides, the detection rate of CNVs of unknown clinical significance (VUS) was 0.84% (31/3 677). The detection rate of aneuploidies increased significantly with increased maternal age ( P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in the detection rate of p/lpCNVs among different maternal age groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that, compared with traditional karyotype analysis, a-CGH not only detects aneuploidies, but also detect pathogenic CNVs, including microdeletion/microduplication syndromes. The detection rate of fetal aneuploidies was closely correlated to maternal age. However, no correlation was found between the detection rate of p/lpCNVs and maternal age.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Gravidez
11.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 40(1): 11, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407694

RESUMO

AS (alternative splicing) is a fundamental process by which a gene can generate multiple distinct mRNA transcripts to increase protein diversity. Defects in AS influence the occurrence and development of many diseases, including cancers, and are frequently found to participate in various aspects of cancer biology, such as promoting invasion, metastasis, apoptosis resistance and drug resistance. NcRNAs (noncoding RNAs) are an abundant class of RNAs that do not encode proteins. NcRNAs include miRNAs (microRNAs), lncRNAs (long noncoding RNAs), circRNAs (circular RNAs) and snRNAs (small nuclear RNAs) and have been proven to act as regulatory molecules that mediate cancer processes through AS. NcRNAs can directly or indirectly influence a plethora of molecular targets to regulate cis-acting elements, trans-acting factors, or pre-mRNA transcription at multiple levels, affecting the AS process and generating alternatively spliced isoforms. Consequently, ncRNA-mediated AS outcomes affect multiple cellular signaling pathways that promote or suppress cancer progression. In this review, we summarize the current mechanisms by which ncRNAs regulate AS in cancers and discuss their potential clinical applications as biomarkers and therapeutic targets.

12.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 320(3): H1055-H1065, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449849

RESUMO

Pannexin 1 (Panx1) channels export ATP and may contribute to increased concentration of the vasodilator ATP in plasma during hypoxia in vivo. We hypothesized that Panx1 channels and associated ATP export contribute to hypoxic vasodilation, a mechanism that facilitates the matching of oxygen delivery to metabolic demand of tissue. Male and female mice devoid of Panx1 (Panx1-/-) and wild-type controls (WT) were anesthetized, mechanically ventilated, and instrumented with a carotid artery catheter or femoral artery flow transducer for hemodynamic and plasma ATP monitoring during inhalation of 21% (normoxia) or 10% oxygen (hypoxia). ATP export from WT vs. Panx1-/-erythrocytes (RBC) was determined ex vivo via tonometer experimentation across progressive deoxygenation. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was similar in Panx1-/- (n = 6) and WT (n = 6) mice in normoxia, but the decrease in MAP in hypoxia seen in WT was attenuated in Panx1-/- mice (-16 ± 9% vs. -2 ± 8%; P < 0.05). Hindlimb blood flow (HBF) was significantly lower in Panx1-/- (n = 6) vs. WT (n = 6) basally, and increased in WT but not Panx1-/- mice during hypoxia (8 ± 6% vs. -10 ± 13%; P < 0.05). Estimation of hindlimb vascular conductance using data from the MAP and HBF experiments showed an average response of 28% for WT vs. -9% for Panx1-/- mice. Mean venous plasma ATP during hypoxia was 57% lower in Panx1-/- (n = 6) vs. WT mice (n = 6; P < 0.05). Mean hypoxia-induced ATP export from RBCs from Panx1-/- mice (n = 8) was 82% lower than that from WT (n = 8; P < 0.05). Panx1 channels participate in hemodynamic responses consistent with hypoxic vasodilation by regulating hypoxia-sensitive extracellular ATP levels in blood.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Export of vasodilator ATP from red blood cells requires pannexin 1. Blood plasma ATP elevations in response to hypoxia in mice require pannexin 1. Hemodynamic responses to hypoxia are accompanied by increased plasma ATP in mice in vivo and require pannexin 1.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/sangue , Conexinas/sangue , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Hemodinâmica , Membro Posterior/irrigação sanguínea , Hipóxia/sangue , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/sangue , Oxigênio/sangue , Animais , Pressão Arterial , Conexinas/deficiência , Conexinas/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Hiperemia/sangue , Hiperemia/genética , Hiperemia/fisiopatologia , Hipotensão/sangue , Hipotensão/genética , Hipotensão/fisiopatologia , Hipóxia/genética , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/deficiência , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Vasodilatação
13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20765, 2020 11 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33247184

RESUMO

Ventriculomegaly is considered to be linked to abnormal neurodevelopment outcome. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the current applications of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) in foetuses with ventriculomegaly. A total of 548 foetuses with ventriculomegaly detected by prenatal ultrasound underwent single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array testing and were subjected to long-term follow-up. The overall prevalence of chromosomal aberrations was 7.30% (40/548), including 4.20% (23/548) with pathogenic/likely pathogenic copy number variants. The incidence of chromosomal aberrations was significantly higher in foetuses with bilateral ventriculomegaly than in those with unilateral ventriculomegaly (10.56% vs. 5.71%, P = 0.040), in foetuses with non-isolated ventriculomegaly than in those with isolated ventriculomegaly (12.99% vs. 2.38%, P < 0.0001), and in foetuses with severe ventriculomegaly than in those with mild-to-moderate ventriculomegaly (23.08% vs. 6.51%, P = 0.005). The outcome in foetuses with mild ventriculomegaly was significantly better than in those with moderate ventriculomegaly (95.60% vs. 84.00%, P = 0.003). Thus, CMA should be regarded as the first-tier test for prenatal diagnosis of foetal ventriculomegaly, especially in foetuses with bilateral or non-isolated ventriculomegaly. The outcome of foetuses with mild ventriculomegaly is favourable; however, there is an increased risk of neurodevelopmental disabilities in foetuses with moderate ventriculomegaly.

14.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 304, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple classes of oral therapy are available for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but there is little to guide clinicians in choosing a specific regimen or therapeutic class. We aimed to investigate whether treatment-relevant blood biomarkers can predict therapy response in prevalent PAH patients. METHODS: This prospective cohort study longitudinally assessed biomarkers along the endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (cGMP, ADMA, SDMA, nitrite, and S-nitrosohemoglobin) pathways along with the cGMP/NT-proBNP ratio over 12 months in patients with WHO Group 1 PAH on oral PAH-specific therapies. The relationship between biomarkers and 6MWD at the same and future visits was examined using mixed linear regression models adjusted for age. As cGMP can be elevated when NT-proBNP is elevated, we also tested the relationship between 6MWD and the cGMP/NT-pro BNP ratio. Patients with PAH with concomitant heart or lung disease or chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) were included in a sensitivity analysis. RESULTS: The study cohort included 58 patients with PAH treated with either an endothelin receptor antagonist (27.6%), phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor (25.9%) or a combination of the two (43.1%). Among biomarkers along the current therapeutic pathways, ET-1 and the cGMP/NT-proBNP ratio associated with same visit 6MWD (p = 0.02 and p = 0.03 respectively), and ET-1 predicted future 6MWD (p = 0.02). ET-1 (p = 0.01) and cGMP/NT-proBNP ratio (p = 0.04) also predicted future 6MWD in the larger cohort (n = 108) of PAH patients with concomitant left heart disease (n = 17), lung disease (n = 20), or CTEPH (n = 13). Finally, in the larger cohort, SDMA associated with 6MWD at the same visit (p = 0.01) in all subgroups and ADMA associated with 6MWD in PAH patients with concomitant lung disease (p = 0.03) and PAH patients on ERA therapy (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: ET-1, cGMP/NTproBNP ratio, and dimethylarginines ADMA and SDMA are mediators along pathways targeted by oral PAH therapies that associate with or predict 6MWD.

15.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soft markers are nonspecific findings detected by ultrasonography during the second trimester that are often transient and nonpathologic but may imply an increased risk of underlying fetal aneuploidy. However, large-scale prospectively stratified studies focusing on the prevalence of chromosomal aberrations, including copy number variants, in fetuses with different types of isolated soft markers have rarely been published in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate clinical outcomes in fetuses with isolated soft markers by single nucleotide polymorphism array with long-term follow-up and to propose a diagnostic algorithm based on specific types of soft markers. STUDY DESIGN: The prevalence of fetal isolated soft markers was 13.2% (7869 of 59,503). A total of 2466 fetuses with ultrasonographic soft markers during the second trimester, which were subjected to single nucleotide polymorphism array with long-term follow-up, were selected in this prospective study over a 5-year period. Soft markers were categorized into 12 groups. The demographic profile and chromosomal microarray analysis detection results were analyzed and compared among different groups. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of chromosomal aberrations in fetuses with soft markers was 4.3% (107 of 2466), which comprised 40.2% with numeric chromosomal abnormalities, 48.6% with pathogenic copy number variants, and 11.2% with likely pathogenic copy number variants. The incidence of numeric chromosomal abnormalities was significantly higher in multiple soft markers (5.5% vs 1.5%; P=.001) and the thickened nuchal fold group (8.3% vs 1.7%; P=.024). Meanwhile, the incidence of pathogenic copy number variants was significantly higher in multiple soft markers (5.5% vs 2.4%; P=.046) and the short femur length group (6.6% vs 2.2%; P<.0001). The incidences of pathogenic copy number variants in fetuses with isolated echogenic intracardiac focus, enlarged cisterna magna, choroid plexus cysts, echogenic bowel, or single umbilical artery were lower than 1.5%. The normal infant rate in fetuses without chromosomal aberrations was 91.7%; however, it was significantly lower in the mild ventriculomegaly (86.2% vs 93.0%; P<.0001) and short femur length groups (71.4% vs 93.6%; P<.0001). CONCLUSION: The potential chromosomal aberrations and clinical prognoses varied widely among different types of isolated soft markers. Pathogenic copy number variants are more often present in specific soft markers, especially when multiple soft markers are found. Thus, a specific soft marker type-based prenatal genetic testing algorithm was proposed.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054905

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-positive bacterium of the genus Pseudooceanicola, designated strain E2-1T, was isolated from surface water of Jiulong River Estuary, PR China. Cells of strain E2-1T grew in medium containing 0.5-12 % NaCl (w/v; optimum, 2-4 %), at 15-45 °C (optimum, 28-33 °C) and at pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0). Comparative analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain E2-1T had the highest similarity to Pseudooceanicola nitratireducens JLT1210T (97.3 %) and Pseudooceanicola batsensis HTCC2597T (97.1 %), and had less than 97.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to other type strains within the genus Pseudooceanicola. The DNA G+C content of strain E2-1T was 65.7 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness values between E2-1T and related type strains were 75.0 and 20.1 % with P. nitratireducens JLT1210T and 75.6 and 20.4 % with P. batsensis HTCC2597T, respectively. The sole isoprenoid quinone was Q-10; the predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and six unidentified lipids; the major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 (17.5 %), C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c (22.7 %) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c; 10.1 %). According to the phylogenetic and genotypic results, strain E2-1T represents a novel species in the genus Pseudooceanicola, for which the name Pseudooceanicola aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E2-1T (=MCCC 1K03742T=KCTC 72107T).

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893666

RESUMO

Transmembrane protein 98 (TMEM98) is a novel gene. In a prior study, we have shown that siRNA-mediated knockdown of TMEM98 inhibited interleukin (IL)-8-promoted endothelial cell (EC) adhesion as well as vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration in the vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells dysfunction. Herein, we used gain- and loss-of-function approaches combined with biochemical techniques to further explore the role of TMEM98 in the vascular wall cell. The expression and secretion of TMEM98 was increased in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and VSMCs treated with IL-8 and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB. Also, PDGF-BB secretion was increased in TMEM98-treated HUVECs and VSMCs. Thus, it appears that TMEM98 and PDGF-BB form a positive feedback loop in potentiation of EC adhesion as well as VSMC proliferation and migration. Knockdown of TMEM98 mediated by siRNA inhibited PDGF-BB-promoted EC adhesion by downregulating the expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 as well as impaired the proliferation and migration of VSMCs through suppressing the AKT/GSK3ß/cyclin D1 signaling pathway and reducing the expression of ß-catenin. Hence, TMEM98 promoted EC adhesion through inducing the expression of ICAM-1/VCAM-1 and triggered VSMC proliferation and migration through activating the ERK and AKT/GSK3ß signaling pathways. Taken together, TMEM98 may serve as a potential therapeutic target for the clinical treatment.

18.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 578, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32733887

RESUMO

Maternal regulatory factors endow the oocyte with developmental competence in vivo, which might be absent in current in vitro maturation (IVM) systems, thereby compromising oocyte quality. In the present study, by employing RNA sequencing data analysis, we expect to identify potential contributing factors to support porcine oocyte maturation through binding to their receptors on the oolemma. Here, C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), and Wingless-type MMTV integration site family member 5A (WNT5A), termed CVW, are selected and confirmed to be important maternal cytokines for porcine oocyte maturation. Combined supplementation of CVW promotes the nuclear maturation percentage from 57.2% in controls to 75.9%. More importantly, these maternal cytokines improve the developmental potential of matured oocytes by parthenogenesis, fertilization, and cloning, as their blastocyst formation efficiencies and total cell numbers are increased. CVW supplementation also enlarges perivitelline space and promotes cumulus expansion, which results in a more complete transzonal projection retraction on the zona pellucida, and a reduced incidence of polyspermy in fertilized oocytes. Meanwhile, inhibiting the CVW receptor-mediated signaling pathways severely impairs oocyte meiotic resumption and cumulus expansion during IVM. We further determine that maturation improvement by CVW is achieved through activating the MAPK pathway in advance and inhibiting the canonical WNT pathway at the end of the IVM period. These findings provide a new combination of three cytokines to promote the porcine IVM process, which also holds potential to be used in human assisted reproduction technologies as well as in other species.

19.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(7)2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32708974

RESUMO

In domestic ruminants, endometrial receptivity is critical for a successful pregnancy and economic efficiency. Although the endometrium undergoes major cellular changes during peri-implantation, the precise mechanisms regulating goat endometrial receptivity remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the functional roles and signal transduction of the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)-like protein 15 (BCL2L15) in the regulation of endometrial receptivity in vitro. Our results showed that BCL2L15 was up-regulated in goat endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) under progesterone (P4), estradiol (E2), and interferon-tau (IFN-τ) treatments. Our knockdown of BCL2L15 by specific shRNA that significantly hampered endometrial receptivity. In the absence of BCL2L15, the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)1 and STAT3 pathway were activated. Additionally, pretreatment with the STAT1 inhibitor, fludarabine, restored the effect of silencing BCL2L15 on the endometrial receptivity, but not the STAT3 inhibitor Stattic. Overall, these results suggested that BCL2L15 is the key regulator of endometrial receptivity in goats, regulating the endometrial receptivity through the STAT1 pathway. Understanding the function of BCL2L15-STAT1 in endometrial receptivity is important to the exploration of new targets for the diagnosis and treatment of early pregnancy failure, and improving the success rates for artificial reproduction.

20.
Pol J Microbiol ; 69: 1-14, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396715

RESUMO

In the traditional fermentation process of strong-aroma Baijiu, a fermentation pit mud (FPM) provides many genera of microorganisms for fermentation. However, the functional microorganisms that have an important effect on the quality of Baijiu and their changes with the age of fermentation pit (FP) are poorly understood. Herein, the Roche 454 pyrosequencing technique and a phospholipid fatty-acid analysis were employed to reveal the structure and diversity of prokaryotic communities in FPM samples that have been aged for 5, 30, and 100 years. The results revealed an increase in total prokaryotic biomass with an FP age; however, Shannon's diversity index decreased significantly (p < 0.01). These results suggested that a unique microbial community structure evolved with uninterrupted use of the FP. The number of functional microorganisms, which could produce the flavor compounds of strong-aroma Baijiu, increased with the FP age. Among them, Clostridium and Ruminococcaceae are microorganisms that directly produce caproic acid. The increase of their relative abundance in the FPM might have improved the quality of strong-aroma Baijiu. Syntrophomonas, Methanobacterium, and Methanocorpusculum might also be beneficial to caproic acid production. They are not directly involved but provide possible environmental factors for caproic acid production. Overall, our study results indicated that an uninterrupted use of the FP shapes the particular microbial community structure in the FPM. This research provides scientific support for the concept that the aged FP yields a high-quality Baijiu.In the traditional fermentation process of strong-aroma Baijiu, a fermentation pit mud (FPM) provides many genera of microorganisms for fermentation. However, the functional microorganisms that have an important effect on the quality of Baijiu and their changes with the age of fermentation pit (FP) are poorly understood. Herein, the Roche 454 pyrosequencing technique and a phospholipid fatty-acid analysis were employed to reveal the structure and diversity of prokaryotic communities in FPM samples that have been aged for 5, 30, and 100 years. The results revealed an increase in total prokaryotic biomass with an FP age; however, Shannon's diversity index decreased significantly (p < 0.01). These results suggested that a unique microbial community structure evolved with uninterrupted use of the FP. The number of functional microorganisms, which could produce the flavor compounds of strong-aroma Baijiu, increased with the FP age. Among them, Clostridium and Ruminococcaceae are microorganisms that directly produce caproic acid. The increase of their relative abundance in the FPM might have improved the quality of strong-aroma Baijiu. Syntrophomonas, Methanobacterium, and Methanocorpusculum might also be beneficial to caproic acid production. They are not directly involved but provide possible environmental factors for caproic acid production. Overall, our study results indicated that an uninterrupted use of the FP shapes the particular microbial community structure in the FPM. This research provides scientific support for the concept that the aged FP yields a high-quality Baijiu.

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