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1.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(2): 232-238, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32337684

RESUMO

Metarhizosides A-G (1-7), seven new polysubstituted phenyl glucosides, were isolated from the extracts of solid rice medium of a marine-derived fungus Metarrhizium anisopliae. Compounds 1-7 all contain a polysubstituted phenyl group and the sugar unit is identified as 4'-O-methyl-ß-D-glucopyranose. Their structures were elucidated by NMR spectroscopy and chemical method. These compounds were evaluated for anti-inflammatory activity by using LPS-stimulated murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells and the cytotoxicities against four human cancer cell lines.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 99: 103760, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251946

RESUMO

Eight unexpected vibralactone homodimers, bisvibralactones A-H (1-8), and three new vibralactone monomers, hirsutumins A-C (9-11), were isolated from the culture of Stereum hirsutum. Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by detailed analyses of NMR, optical rotations, ECD, and high-resolution mass spectra as well as chemical transformation. Compounds 1-8 are unusual vibralactone dimers formed by the esterification of two vibralactone monomers. The absolute configurations of compounds 1 and 5 were determined by chemical conversions. All of the isolated compounds were evaluated for Porcine Pancreatic Lipase (PPL) inhibitory activities, and compound 10 showed significant inhibitory activity against PPL, with an IC50 value of 8.31 ± 1.04 µM.

3.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32290693

RESUMO

One new spirocyclic lactone, terreinlactone C (1), and one new benzopyran derivative, 2,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxychroman-6-aldehyde (2), were discovered from the fungus Aspergillus terreus. The chemical structures of compounds 1 and 2 were elucidated by detailedly analyzing NMR and HRESIMS data. Compound 1 is the first natural product with a 1-oxaspiro[4.5]decan-2-one ring system and a possible biogenetic pathway is proposed. Two compounds were tested for their cytotoxic activities against five human cancer cell lines.[Formula: see text].

4.
Phytochemistry ; 173: 112295, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113065

RESUMO

Four undescribed bioxanthracene derivatives, dongtinganthracenes A-D, along with a previously reported analog, ES-242-3, were obtained from the solid culture broth of the fungus Penicillium sp. DT10, which was isolated from wetland soil obtained from Dongting Lake. Their structures and absolute configurations were elucidated based on extensive NMR analyses, mass spectroscopic analyses, and ECD calculations. Dongtinganthracene A represents the first 7',8'-seco-bioxanthracene produced via oxidation, and dongtinganthracenes A-D show a much higher degree of oxidation in aromatic rings compared with normal naturally occurring bioxanthracene derivatives. Dongtinganthracenes B and D and ES-242-3 exhibit cytotoxic activity, while dongtinganthracene A shows inhibitory activity against LPS-induced NO production.


Assuntos
Penicillium , Lagos , Estrutura Molecular , Solo , Áreas Alagadas
5.
Org Lett ; 22(6): 2162-2166, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129633

RESUMO

The study of Aspergillus micronesiensis led to the isolation of three unprecedented cytochalasans (1-3). Dimericchalasine A (1) is the first cytochalasan homodimer fused by a C-20/C-20' single bond. Amichalasines D (2) and E (3) represent a new type of cytochalasan heterotrimer with a decacyclic 5/6/11/5/5/6/5/12/6/5 ring system. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic data and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The plausible biosynthetic pathways of 1-3 were proposed.

6.
J Org Chem ; 85(7): 4973-4980, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118426

RESUMO

Four unusual polyketides possessing three unambiguous chemical architectures were discovered from the fermentation of Penicillium canescens assisted by the one strain-many compounds (OSMAC) strategy and MS2-based molecular networking. Penicanone (1) is the first naturally occurring polyketide characterized by a 6/6/8 tricyclic carbon skeleton incorporating an unusual bicyclo[5.3.1]hendecane core. Penicanesones A-C (2-4) are aromatic polyketide dimers simultaneously featuring inconsistent 6/5/5/6 and 6/6/5/6 heterotetracyclic ring cores. Their plausible biosynthetic pathways and screening of biological activity were described here.

7.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(24): 9478-9484, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160364

RESUMO

While halogenated nucleosides are used as common anticancer and antiviral drugs, naturally occurring halogenated nucleosides are rare. Adechlorin (ade) is a 2'-chloro nucleoside natural product first identified from Actinomadura sp. ATCC 39365. However, the installation of chlorine in the ade biosynthetic pathway remains elusive. Reported herein is a Fe2+ -α-ketoglutarate halogenase AdeV that can install a chlorine atom at the C2' position of 2'-deoxyadenosine monophosphate to afford 2'-chloro-2'-deoxyadenosine monophosphate. Furthermore, 2',3'-dideoxyadenosine-5'-monophosphate and 2'-deoxyinosine-5'-monophosphate can also be converted, albeit 20-fold and 2-fold, respectively, less efficiently relative to the conversion of 2'-deoxyadenosine monophosphate. AdeV represents the first example of a Fe2+ -α-ketoglutarate-dependent halogenase that converts nucleotides into chlorinated analogues.

8.
Phytochemistry ; 174: 112327, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222549

RESUMO

Eight undescribed quinolone alkaloids, pesimquinolones A-H, as well as six known compounds, were isolated from the solid culture broth of the fungus Penicillium simplicissimum. Their chemical structures were characterized by combined analyses of NMR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Pesimquinolones A-G are the first examples of naturally occurring quinolone alkaloids possessing a limonene moiety. Their anti-inflammatory activities on LPS-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in adherent cells were evaluated. Pesimquinolones A, E, G, and H showed promising suppressive effect on the production of NO with IC50 values of 1.94, 1.29, 1.20, and 1.23 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Penicillium , Anti-Inflamatórios , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico
9.
Phytochemistry ; 169: 112177, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707275

RESUMO

Two undescribed prenylated quinolinone alkaloids, aspoquinolones E and F, and three undescribed prenylated isoindolinone alkaloids aspernidines F-H, were isolated from the fungus Aspergillus nidulans. Their structures and configurations were elucidated based on spectroscopic analyses and ECD spectra. Aspoquinolones E and F possess a C10 moiety with an unusual 2,2,4-trimethyl-3oxa-bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane unit, and aspernidines F-H own a C15 side chain. These compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic activities against five human cancer cell lines, compounds 1 and 5 exhibited strong inhibitory activities against A-549 and SW-480 cells with IC50 values of 3.50 and 4.77 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Aspergillus nidulans/química , Ftalimidas/farmacologia , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Ftalimidas/química , Ftalimidas/isolamento & purificação , Prenilação , Quinolonas/química , Quinolonas/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
J Nat Prod ; 83(1): 99-104, 2020 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867967

RESUMO

Three new meroterpenoids, asperaustins A-C (1-3), and seven known analogues (4-10) were isolated from a marine-derived Aspergillus sp. fungus. The structures and absolute configurations of these new compounds were unequivocally determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Asperaustin A (1) possesses an unusual spiro[4.5]deca-3,6-dien-2-one moiety with a unique 5/6/6/6/5 pentacyclic skeleton. The absolute configurations of austinoneol A (7) and precalidodehydroaustin (9) were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses using Cu Kα radiation for the first time.

11.
J Nat Prod ; 82(11): 2994-3001, 2019 11 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674782

RESUMO

Flavipesines A and B (1 and 2) and asperchalasines E-H (3-6), two cytochalasans with an unusual ring system and four merocytochalasans possessing a 5/6/11/5/5/6 ring system, were isolated from Aspergillus flavipes, along with three related compounds (7-9). Their structures, including absolute configurations, were determined on the basis of data from HRESIMS, NMR, ECD, molecular modeling, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Flavipesines A and B (1 and 2) represent the first examples of cytochalasans possessing a 5/6/7/6 ring system with a C-18-O-C-21 bridge. Compounds 3, 7, and 9 show moderate inhibitory activities against isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1). This is the first report on the IDH1 inhibitory activities of cytochalasans.

12.
J Nat Prod ; 82(10): 2925-2930, 2019 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490677

RESUMO

A pyridone alkaloid, asperpyridone A (1), which possesses an unusual pyrano[3,2-c]pyridine scaffold, was isolated from solid cultures of the endophytic fungus Aspergillus sp. TJ23. Its structure, including its absolute configuration, was determined using a combination of nuclear magnetic resonance, high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, quantum chemical calculations (electronic circular dichroism), and X-ray crystallography. In vitro bioassays demonstrated that asperpyridone A (1) could function as a potential hypoglycemic agent, which exhibited pronounced glucose uptake effect in liver HepG2 cells, under both normal and insulin-resistant conditions, with higher efficacy than metformin. The underlying mechanism of asperpyridone A was elucidated by analyzing the genes expressed, the Gene Ontology (GO) function enrichment, the protein interaction network, and real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, which suggested that asperpyridone A exhibits hypoglycemic activity by activating the insulin signaling pathway. Moreover, on the basis of the hypoglycemic potency, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) was determined to be a potential target for asperpyridone A.

13.
J Nat Prod ; 82(9): 2653-2658, 2019 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419139

RESUMO

Two cysteine residue containing merocytochalasans (cyschalasins A and B, 1 and 2) and two 17,18-seco-aspochalasins (secochalasins A and B, 3 and 4) were isolated from the endophytic fungus Aspergillus micronesiensis. Cyschalasins A and B represent a new type of merocytochalasan featuring the fusion of an aspochalasin with a modified cysteine residue. Secochalasins A and B are the first 17,18-seco-aspochalasins to be reported and represent a previously undescribed carbon skeleton. Plausible biosynthetic pathways of 1-4 were proposed. Compounds 1 and 2 were cytotoxic and active against Gram-positive bacteria.

14.
Bioorg Chem ; 91: 103166, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404796

RESUMO

A new spiroaxane sesquiterpenoid talaminoid A (1) and two drimane sesquiterpenoid talaminoids B and C (2 and 3), together with four known compounds (4-7), were isolated from the solid culture broth of fungus Talaromyces minioluteum. The structures were determined by extensive 1D and 2D NMR and HRESIMS spectroscopic data analyses, and the absolute configuration of these new compounds were undoubtedly confirmed by X-ray crystal diffrations. Compound 1 is a rare spiroaxane sesquiterpenoid and the absolute configuration of spiroaxane sesquiterpenoid was determined for the first time. Compound 2 is the first drimane-type sesquiterpenoid containing both amino acid residue and butanediol group. Compounds 1, 4, and 5 showed significant suppressive effect on the production of NO on LPS induced BV-2 cells, with IC50 values ranging from 4.97 to 7.81 µM. In addition, 1, 4, and 5 exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activities against the production of TNF-α and IL-6. Further immunofluorescence experiments revealed the mechanism of action to be inhibitory the NF- κB-activated pathway.

15.
Biomolecules ; 9(8)2019 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408989

RESUMO

Cytochalasans are a group of structurally diverse fungal polyketide-amino acid hybrid metabolites that exhibit diverse biological functions. Asperchalasine A was identified and isolated from an extract of the marine-derived fungus, Aspergillus. Asperchalasine A is a cytochalasan dimer which consists of two cytochalasan molecules connected by an epicoccine. This study investigated the potential antiangiogenic effects of Aspergillus extract and asperchalasine A, which significantly inhibited cell adhesion and tube formation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Aspergillus extract and asperchalasine A decreased the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2 mRNA expression in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, Aspergillus extract and asperchalasine A inhibited angiogenesis via downregulation of VEGF, p-p38, p-extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), p-VEGFR-2, and p-Akt signaling pathways. Moreover, Aspergillus extract and asperchalasine A significantly inhibited the amount of blood vessel formation in fertilized chicken eggs using a chorioallantoic membrane assay. Our results provide experimental evidence of this novel biological activity of the potential antiangiogenic substances, Aspergillus extract, and asperchalasine A. This study also suggests that Aspergillus extract and its active component asperchalasine A are excellent candidates as adjuvant therapeutic substances for cancer prevention and treatment.

16.
Org Lett ; 21(13): 5091-5095, 2019 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247789

RESUMO

Emeriones A-C (1-3), three highly methylated polyketides with bicyclo[4.2.0]octene and 3,6-dioxabicyclo[3.1.0]hexane functionalities, were isolated from Emericella nidulans. An additional peroxide bridge in compound 3 led to the construction of an unexpected 7,8-dioxatricyclo[4.2.2.02,5]decene scaffold. The structures of 1-3 were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic techniques, and their absolute configurations were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analyses and ECD calculations. Compound 1 shows weak inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells.

17.
Phytochemistry ; 164: 184-191, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158603

RESUMO

Eleven highly oxygenated meroterpenoids, named terreustoxins A-K, along with five known analogues, were isolated from the Antarctic fungus Aspergillus terreus. The structures and absolute configurations of these undescribed compounds were characterized by NMR spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray crystallography, and ECD experiments. Terreustoxins A-D are the first examples of meroterpenoids with two ortho-hydroxy groups at C-6 and C-7 in the terretonins family. Terreustoxin C and terretonin inhibited the proliferation of Con A-induced murine T cells at the concentration of 10 µM.


Assuntos
Aspergillus/química , Oxigênio/farmacologia , Terpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Aspergillus/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Concanavalina A , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Oxigênio/química , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/metabolismo
18.
Phytochemistry ; 165: 112041, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203103

RESUMO

Spiroterreusnoids A-F, six undescribed spiro-dioxolane-containing adducts bearing 3,5-dimethylorsellinic acid-based meroterpenoid and 2,3-butanediol moieties were isolated from the endophytic fungus Aspergillus terreus Thom from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (Celastraceae). The structures of these adducts were established by spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) measurements. Spiroterreusnoids A-F represent the first examples of adducts composed of 3,5-dimethylorsellinic acid-based meroterpenoids. It is noteworthy that spiroterreusnoids A-F possessing a spiro-dioxolane moiety exhibited potential abilities in inhibiting BACE1 (IC50 values ranging from 5.86 to 27.16 µM) and AchE (IC50 values ranging from 22.18 to 32.51 µM), while the other analogues without this fragment displayed no such activities. Taken together, spiroterreusnoids A-F represent the first multitargeted natural adducts that could inhibit BACE1 and AchE, and might provide a new template for the development of new anti-Alzheimer's disease drugs.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Dioxolanos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Terpenos/farmacologia , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Aspergillus/química , Celastraceae/microbiologia , Dioxolanos/química , Dioxolanos/isolamento & purificação , Enguias , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Compostos de Espiro/química , Compostos de Espiro/isolamento & purificação , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação
19.
Phytochemistry ; 164: 236-242, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185420

RESUMO

Mangiterpenes A-C and 2',3'-seco-manginoid C, four undescribed sesquiterpene/monoterpene-shikimate-conjugated meroterpenoids with spiro ring systems, were isolated from Guignardia mangiferae. The structures and absolute configurations of these compounds were established by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Mangiterpenes A-C represent the first examples of sesquiterpene-shikimate-conjugated spirocyclic meroterpenoids, and 2',3'-seco-manginoid C features an unexpected 2',3'-seco-manginoids skeleton. Mangiterpene C strongly inhibited the production of NO inducted by LPS, with an IC50 value of 5.97 µM. It showed an anti-inflammatory effect by means of blocking in the NF-κB signaling pathway and decreasing the expression of inflammatory mediators.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Ácido Chiquímico/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Terpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Monoterpenos/química , Monoterpenos/isolamento & purificação , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7 , Ácido Chiquímico/química , Ácido Chiquímico/isolamento & purificação , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Espiro/química , Compostos de Espiro/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação
20.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(22): 5526-5532, 2019 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041978

RESUMO

Marine-derived fungi have been regarded as an under-explored and promising reservoir of structurally novel and bioactive natural products. In this study, five new γ-pyrone-containing polyketides, fusaresters A-E (1-5), were isolated and identified from the culture extracts of a marine-derived fungus Fusarium sp. Hungcl. The structures of compounds 1-5 were elucidated on the basis of their HRESIMS and NMR spectroscopic data as well as 13C NMR calculation and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) analyses. Remarkably, the structure of fusariumin D was revised to (9S*,11S*)-3. All these isolates were tested for the cytotoxicity against seven human cancer cell lines, including SW480, HL-60, A549, MCF-7, HepG2, HeLa and SMMC-7721, and the inhibitory activity against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B). The results revealed that only compound 2 showed a weak inhibition rate of 56% at 40 µM.


Assuntos
Cumarínicos/química , Fusarium/química , Policetídeos/isolamento & purificação , Pironas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Policetídeos/química , Pironas/química
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