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1.
Front Immunol ; 12: 755481, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603341

RESUMO

The beneficial effect of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) on host health has been well recognized based on the booming knowledge from gut microbiome research. The role of SCFA in influencing psychological function is highlighted in recent years but has not been fully elucidated. In this study, the SCFA-acylated starches were used to accomplish a sizeable intestine-targeted release of the SCFAs, and the neurobehavioral, immunological, and microbial effects were further investigated. Acetylated-, butylated-, and isobutylated-starch could attenuate the depression-like behaviors and excessive corticosterone production in chronically stressed mice. Butylated- starch significantly reduced the colonic permeability via increasing the tight junction proteins (including ZO-1, Claudin, and Occludin) gene expression and reduced the level of the inflammatory cytokines (including IL-1ß and IL-6). The butylated starch's neurological and immunological benefits may be derived from the gut microbiome modifications, including normalizing the abundance of certain beneficial microbes (Odoribacter and Oscillibacter) and metabolomic pathways (Tryptophan synthesis and Inositol degradation). The present findings further validate the brain-beneficial effect of butyrate and offer novel guidance for developing novel food or dietary supplements for improving mental health.

2.
Food Funct ; 12(22): 11241-11249, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704999

RESUMO

The discovery of psychobiotics has improved the therapeutic choices available for clinical mental disorders and shows promise for regulating mental health in people by combining the properties of food and medicine. A Pediococcus acidilactici strain CCFM6432 was previously isolated and its mood-regulating effect was investigated in this study. Viable bacteria were given to chronically stressed mice for five weeks, and then the behavioral, neurobiological, and gut microbial changes were determined. CCFM6432 significantly reduced stress-induced anxiety-like behaviors, mitigated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity, and reversed the abnormal expression of hippocampal phosphorylated CREB and the c-Fos protein. In particular, CCFM6432 improved the gut microbial composition by inhibiting the over-proliferated pathogenic bacteria (e.g., Escherichia-shigella) and promoting beneficial bacteria growth (e.g., Bifidobacterium). Lactic acid, rather than bacteriocin, was further confirmed as the key compound that determined the antimicrobial activity of CCFM6432. Collectively, these results first proved the psychobiotic potential of the Pediococcus acidilactici strain. Ingestion of CCFM6432, or fermented food containing it, may facilitate mental health management in daily life, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.

3.
Food Funct ; 12(2): 646-655, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404580

RESUMO

Certain probiotics can regulate the host's neurobehavioral function through the microbiota-gut-brain axis. However, screening these probiotics is mainly carried out in animal models, and is costly and inefficient. Herein, a putative enterochromaffin cell line (RIN14B) was used as an in vitro pre-screening model; 30 bacterial strains were tested for bacteria-stimulated tryptophan hydroxylase 1 gene (Tph1) expression and 5-hydroxytryptophan/5-hydroxytryptamine secretion. All strains were further validated for their neurobehavioral effects in chronic stress-induced depressive mice. Using partial least squares (PLS) modeling of in vitro and in vivo datasets, we found that the level of Tph1 mRNA in RIN14B significantly correlated with the performance of a forced swim test and sucrose preference test, and serum corticosterone level in chronically stressed mice. Four strains were identified as the best candidates among 30 strains using principal component analysis on all in vivo measures, and unsurprisingly, three of them could enhance Tph1 expression in RIN14B, which further proved that the RIN14B-based screening method (especially the detection of bacteria-stimulated Tph1 mRNA) has good predictive validity and screening efficiency for the strain's antidepressant-like capacity. Collectively, this study provides a novel in vitro method for screening probiotics (or other related bioproducts) with antidepressant-like potential.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Células Enterocromafins/efeitos dos fármacos , Probióticos/farmacologia , Triptofano Hidroxilase/metabolismo , Animais , Bactérias , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Análise de Componente Principal , Serotonina/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Natação , Triptofano Hidroxilase/genética
4.
Food Funct ; 11(7): 5898-5914, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572400

RESUMO

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing worldwide. Lactic acid bacteria have shown efficacy in alleviating diabetes. We studied the remission effect of nine strains of lactic acid bacteria on the symptoms of high-fat diet- and streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetes and its mechanism in mice. The oral administration of Bifidobacterium adolescentis, B. bifidum or Lactobacillus rhamnosus to mice every day for more than 12 weeks showed that the individual strains could reduce the fasting and postprandial blood sugar levels, improve glucose tolerance and prevent pancreatic damage. However, L. rhamnosus strains showed greater efficacy than Bifidobacterium strains in the regulation of blood lipid levels. The effects of lactic acid bacteria on the recovery of glycolipid metabolism disorder and gut microbiota dysbiosis showed inter- and intraspecific differences. In addition, the strains that exhibited hypoglycaemic effects played a beneficial role in reducing insulin resistance by contributing to the production of short-chain fatty acids and alleviation of inflammation. The ability of lactic acid bacteria to reduce inflammation was found to be closely related to their ability to alleviate diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Disbiose/tratamento farmacológico , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Bifidobacterium , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/microbiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/microbiologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Lactobacillales , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
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