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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(25): 1988-1994, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629602

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the possible mechanisms of simvastatin-induced apoptosis in lung adenocarcinoma cells. Methods: The experiment was divided into control group (vehicle treated A549 cells), different concentrations (10, 20, 40, 80 mg/L) simvastatin group (simvastatin treated with different concentrations of A549 cells), aspartate specific proteinase (caspase) inhibitor (Z-VAD-FMK) group (50 µmol/L Z-VAD-FMK treated A549 cells), 40 mg/L simvastatin combined with Z-VAD-FMK group (40 mg/L simvastatin combined with 50 µmol/L Z-VAD-FMK co-treated A549 cells), interleukin-6 (IL-6) group (IL-6 acts on A549 cells) and different concentrations (10, 20, 40 mg/L) simvastatin combined with IL-6 group (simvastatin combined with IL-6 act on A549 cells). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) method was used to detect the effect on survival rate of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells; Flow cytometry was used to detect the effect of simvastatin on A549 cell cycle; Mitochondrial membrane potential-1 (JC-1) fluorescent probe was wsed to detect the effect of simvastatin on mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP); Flow-type phosphatidl serine protein antibody Annexin V/propidium iodide (Annexin V-FITC/PI) double staining method was used to detect the effect of simvastatin on A549 cell apoptosis; CCK8 method was used to detect the effect of Z-VAD-FMK on the survival rate of A549 cells; TdT-mediated 2'-deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate (dUTP) nick end labeling (TUNEL) method was used to detect the effect of Z-VAD-FMK on simvastatin-induced apoptosis in A549 cells; Western blot method was used to detect the effect of simvastatin on the expression levels of Janus kinase 2 and activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) pathway-related proteins phosphorylated JAK2 (p-JAK2), JAK2, phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3), and STAT3 before and after the activator IL-6 of JAK2/STAT3 pathway acted on A549 cells. Results: The survival rates of A549 cells in the 20-80 mg/L simvastatin-treated groups were significantly lower than that in the control group (all P<0.05), and gradually decreased with the increase of the concentration of the simvastatin and the extension of the action time. The cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase of the simvastatin group were significantly higher than those in the control group, and the cells in the G(2)/M phase were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.01). The MMP of the treatment group with different concentrations of simvastatin was significantly lower than that of the control group (all P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of the 20 mg/L and 40 mg/L simvastatin-treated group was significantly higher than that of the control group (both P<0.01). The cell survival rate of the 40 mg/L simvastatin group and the 40 mg/L simvastatin combined with Z-VAD-FMK group were (52.2±2.7)% and (57.5±3.8)%, respectively, were lower than that of the control group (100.0±2.7)% (both P<0.01). But the difference between 40 mg/L simvastatin group and the simvastatin combined with Z-VAD-FMK group was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The cell numbers with positive fluorescent staining in the 40 mg/L simvastatin group were significantly more than those in the control group, but the cell numbers with positive fluorescent staining in the 40 mg/L simvastatin combined with Z-VAD-FMK group had no statistical significance compared with the simvastatin group (P>0.05). The specific value of p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 protein relative expressions in the simvastatin-treated group (20, 40 mg/L) were significantly lower than that in the control group, respectively (both P<0.05). The specific value of p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 protein relative expressions in IL-6 group were significantly higher than those in control group (both P<0.05), the specific value of p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 protein relative expressions in simvastatin (20, 40 mg/L) combined with IL-6 groups were lower than those in IL-6 group (all P<0.05), respectively. Conclusion: Simvastatin can induce the apoptosis of A549 cells through a non-caspase-dependent mitochondrial apoptosis pathway, which may be achieved by inhibiting the JAK2/STAT3 pathway.

2.
J Dent Res ; : 22034520935788, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600097

RESUMO

During the mandibular condylar growth, the absorption of calcified cartilage matrix induced by osteoclasts is crucial for the continuous endochondral osteogenesis. Meanwhile, recent studies showed that subchondral bone resided within the low-oxygen microenvironment, and our previous study revealed that hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1α (HIF-1α) promoted osteoclastogenesis under hypoxia. However, whether HIF-1α regulates the function of osteoclasts in the mandibular condyle cartilage remains elusive. Our study indicated that severe deformity of the mandibular condyle was displayed in 10-wk-old osteoclast-specific HIF-1α conditional knockout (CKO) mice, accompanied by shortened length of condylar process and disorganized fibrocartilage. In 1-, 2-, and 4-wk-old CKO mice, the size of the hypertrophic layer and chondrocytic layer was significantly thickened. In the chondrocytic layer, chondrocytes were atrophied, showing a form of apoptosis in 4-wk-old CKO mice. Furthermore, an increase in the thickness of the fibrous and proliferating layer was observed in 10-wk-old CKO mice, as well as a significant decrease in that of the chondrocytic and hypertrophic chondrocyte layers. Interestingly, the articular surface of the condylar process abnormally presented a horizontal concave shape, and a disk-like acellular connective tissue appeared. In addition, genetic ablation of HIF-1α blunted cartilage matrix loss by subchondral osteoclast deficiency, resulting in a high subchondral bone mass phenotype, accompanied with a decreased number of blood vessels, alkaline phosphatase staining, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. Mechanistically, the number of osteoclasts in the center of the condyle in CKO mice was significantly reduced by attenuated expression of adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling. These findings reveal a novel influence of HIF-1α function in osteoclasts on maintenance of osteoclast-induced resorption of calcified cartilage matrix via AMPK signaling, as well as subchondral bone formation through VEGF-dependent angiogenesis in bone marrow.

3.
Animal ; : 1-12, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624066

RESUMO

Fat metabolism is an important and complex biochemical reaction in vivo and is regulated by many factors. Recently, the findings on high expression of fibroblast growth factor-16 (FGF16) in brown adipose tissue have led to an interest in exploring its role in lipogenesis and lipid metabolism. The study cloned the goat's FGF16 gene 624 bp long, including the complete open reading frame that encodes 207 amino acids. We found that FGF16 expression is highest in goat kidneys and hearts, followed by subcutaneous fat and triceps. Moreover, the expression of FGF16 reached its peak on the 2nd day of adipocyte differentiation (P < 0.01) and then decreased significantly. We used overexpression and interference to study the function of FGF16 gene in goat intramuscular preadipocytes. Silencing of FGF16 decreased adipocytes lipid droplet aggregation and triglyceride synthesis. This is in contrast to the situation where FGF16 is overexpressed. Furthermore, knockdown of FGF16 also caused down-regulated expression of genes associated with adipocyte differentiation including CCAAT enhancer-binding protein beta (P < 0.01), fatty acid-binding protein-2 (P < 0.01) and sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 (P < 0.05), but the preadipocyte factor-1 was up-regulated. At the same time, the genes adipose triglyceride lipase (P < 0.01) and hormone-sensitive lipase (P < 0.05) associated with triglyceride breakdown were highly expressed. Next, we locked the fibroblast growth factor receptor-4 (FGFR4) through the protein interaction network and interfering with FGF16 to significantly reduce FGFR4 expression. It was found that the expression profile of FGFR4 in adipocyte differentiation was highly similar to that of FGF16. Overexpression and interference methods confirmed that FGFR4 and FGF16 have the same promoting function in adipocyte differentiation. Finally, using co-transfection technology, pc-FGF16 and siRNA-FGFR4, siRNA2-FGF16 and siRNA-FGFR4 were combined to treat adipocytes separately. It was found that in the case of overexpression of FGF16, cell lipid secretion and triglyceride synthesis showed a trend of first increase and then decrease with increasing interference concentration. In the case of interference with FGF16, lipid secretion and triglyceride synthesis showed a downward trend with the increase of interference concentration. These findings illustrated that FGF16 mediates adipocyte differentiation via receptor FGFR4 expression and contributed to further study of the functional role of FGF16 in goat fat formation.

4.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 54(3): 457-468, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492009

RESUMO

TWIK-related acid-sensitive potassium channel-1 (TASK-1) is a "leak" potassium channel sensitive to extracellular protons. It contributes to setting the resting potential in mammalian neurons. TASK-1 channels are widely expressed in respiratory-related neurons in the central nervous system. Inhibition of TASK-1 by extracellular acidosis can depolarize and increase the excitability of these cells. Here we describe the distribution of TASK-1 in the rat brainstem and show that TASK-1 mRNAs are present in respiratory-related nuclei in the ventrolateral medulla, which have been proposed as neural substrates for central chemo-reception in rats. After inhalation of 8% CO2 for 30 and 60 min, TASK-1 mRNA levels in positive-expression neurons were remarkably upregulated. Injection of the TASK-1 blocker anandamide (AEA) into the rat lateral cerebral ventricle, showed a significant excitement of respiratory at 10 min posttreatment, with a marked decrease in inspiratory and expiratory durations and an increased frequency of respiration. We suggest that TASK-1 channel may serve as a chemosensor for in central respiration and may contribute to pH-sensitive respiratory effects. TASK-1 channel might be an attractive candidate for sensing H^(+)/CO2 in several respiratory-related nuclei in the brainstem. It is likely that TASK-1 participates in pH-sensitive chemical regulation in the respiratory center under physiological and pathological conditions.

6.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(6): 447-451, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498484

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the incidence of recent complications in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee (OA) after medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy(MOWHTO) and its influence on clinical effect. Methods: The clinical data of 131 patients with knee OA who received MOWHTO at Department of Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy,Tianjin Hospital from April 2017 to September 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 75 males and 56 females, aged (62.8±5.1) years (range:48 to 70 years). Complications and clinical outcomes of patients were recorded and the proximal medial angle of tibia (MPTA), the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (IKDC), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities(WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome score(KOOS) were collected before and 1 year after operation and compared between complication group and non-complication group. Data were analyzed by paired-samples t test, independent samples t test and χ(2) test. Results: The follow-up time was (18.5±3.4) months (range:13 to 22 months). Complications occurred in 22 patients(16.8%), including 8 cases(6.1%) of hematoma, 5 cases(3.8%) of neurosensory abnormality, 4 cases(3.1%) of intramuscular venous thrombosis, 2 cases(1.5%) of deep venous thrombosis, 3 cases(2.3%) of loss of correction angle, 3 cases(2.3%) of superficial infection, 2 cases(1.5%) of deep infection, 2 cases(1.5%) of delayed union of fracture, 1 case(0.8%) of postoperative stiffness, 1 case (0.8%) of hinge point cortex fracture. There were no significant difference in MPTA ((86.5±2.0)° vs. (86.7±2.1)°, t=-0.41, P=0.68) , IKDC ((86.4±4.8) vs.(85.5±6.9), t=0.74, P=0.50) , WOMAC ((87.7±6.5) vs. (86.1±5.8), t=1.16, P=0.25). There were no significant difference in knee scores except for the KOOS pain score ((79.4±4.4) vs. (87.2±5.9), t=-5.90, P<0.01) and sports and recreation score ((83.2±3.0) vs. (88.0±4.7), t=-6.14, P<0.01) . Conclusion: Short-term complications of MOWHTO can be managed appropriately through early diagnosis and individualized treatment and have no significant negative effect on knee function recovery of patients.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteotomia/métodos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526275

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Since December 2019, the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) that emerged in Wuhan city has spread rapidly around the world. The risk for poor outcome dramatically increases once a patient progresses to the severe or critical stage. The present study aims to investigate the risk factors for disease progression in individuals with mild to moderate COVID-19. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study that included 1007 individuals with mild to moderate COVID-19 from three hospitals in Wuhan. Clinical characteristics and baseline laboratory findings were collected. Patients were followed up for 28 days for observation of disease progression. The end point was the progression to a more severe disease stage. RESULTS: During a follow up of 28 days, 720 patients (71.50%) had recovered or were symptomatically stable, 222 patients (22.05%) had progressed to severe disease, 22 patients (2.18%) had progressed to the critically ill stage and 43 patients (4.27%) had died. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models identified that increased age (hazard ratio (HR) 2.56, 95% CI 1.97-3.33), male sex (HR 1.79, 95% CI 1.41-2.28), presence of hypertension (HR 1.44, 95% CI 1.11-1.88), diabetes (HR 1.82, 95% CI 1.35-2.44), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR 2.01, 95% CI 1.38-2.93) and coronary artery disease (HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.26-2.66) were risk factors for disease progression. History of smoking was protective against disease progression (HR 0.56, 95% CI 0.34-0.91). Elevated procalcitonin (HR 1.72, 95% CI 1.02-2.90), urea nitrogen (HR 1.72, 95% CI 1.21-2.43), α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HR 3.02, 95% CI 1.26-7.21) and D-dimer (HR 2.01, 95% CI 1.12-3.58) at baseline were also associated with risk for disease progression. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified a panel of risk factors for disease progression in individuals with mild to moderate COVID-19.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536458

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of navigation-guided core needle biopsy for skull base and parapharyngeal lesions. Twenty patients with skull base and parapharyngeal lesions were included in this study. The preoperative design and intraoperative real-time image guiding was done using an optical navigation system. A spring-loaded semi-automatic biopsy gun and biopsy needle were used for specimen harvesting. Accuracy was established on the basis of the postoperative pathology. All patients underwent needle biopsy successfully without any immediate or delayed complications. The subzygomatic approach was adopted in all cases. The number of passes ranged from three to five. The diagnostic accuracy was 90% (18/20). Navigation-guided core needle biopsy offers an easy approach for the diagnosis of skull base and parapharyngeal lesions, with a high yield of specimens and good patient tolerance.

9.
Poult Sci ; 99(5): 2785-2797, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359616

RESUMO

The present study investigated the changes in morphology, enzyme activities in the pancreas and mucosa, and nutrient transporter gene expression in the duodenum and jejunum in male and female pigeons during the incubation and chick-rearing periods. Forty-two pairs of White King pigeons with 2 fertile eggs per pair were randomly divided into 7 groups by different breeding stages. The crypt depth of the duodenum and jejunum reached the peak at day 1 (R1) and day 7 (R7) of chick rearing, respectively. The jejunum surface area increased to a maximum value at R1. Amylase activity in the pancreas decreased to the lowest value at R1, whereas trypsin and lipase activities peaked at 17 D of incubation (I17) and R7, respectively. In male pigeons, mucosal Na+-K+-ATPase activity in the duodenum and jejunum was the highest at R15 and it was at I17 in female pigeons. Jejunum sucrose activity in female pigeons was higher at I4 than that at I17 (P < 0.05). The gene expression of FAT/CD36 and I-FABP in the duodenum gradually increased and then declined in the late chick-rearing period. SGLT1 in the jejunum decreased to a lower level at I17 and R25 in male pigeons (P < 0.05). GLUT2 expression in female duodenum and male jejunum decreased to a lower value at I17 compared with that at R15 (P < 0.05). In the late of incubation (from I10 to I17), expression of duodenum CAT1, B0AT1, and PepT1 and jejunum CAT1, ASCT1, and PepT1 in female pigeons was significantly reduced (P < 0.05), whereas opposite results were found in male jejunum CAT1 and duodenum ASCT1. In conclusion, variations of intestinal morphology, activities of pancreatic and mucosal enzymes, and gene expression of nutrient transporters during incubation and chick-rearing periods, underlying potential changes of digestive and absorptive function and intestinal adaptation with sexual effects, may represent a complicated response to stimuli of different breeding stages.

10.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 395-399, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370473
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(8): 4152-4160, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373951

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The occurrence and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a multi-step complex process and the exact molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. LncRNA NEAT1 is involved in tumorigenesis and progression. However, the role of LncRNA NEAT1 in HCC remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The tumor tissues and adjacent tissues of HCC patients were collected and LncRNA NEAT1 expression was detected by Real time PCR. The hepatoma cell line HepG2 was cultured and transfected with lnc RNA NEAT1 siRNA or lnc RNA NEAT1 plasmid followed by analysis of LncRNA NEAT1 expression, cell proliferation by MTT assay, as well as Caspase 3 activity. In addition, cell apoptosis and cell cycle were assessed by flow cytometry and cell invasion was measured by transwell chambers. The expression of EGFR, Bax and Bcl-2 was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: LncRNA NEAT1 expression was significantly increased in HCC tissues compared with adjacent tissues (p < 0.05). Compared with the siRNA group, transfection of lncRNA NEAT1 siRNA into HepG2 cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation, increased Caspase 3 activity and apoptosis, reduced cell invasion, as well as arrested cell cycle (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, lncRNA NEAT1 siRNA also significantly decreased Bcl-2 and EGFR expression and increased Bax expression (p < 0.05). Transfection of lncRNA NEAT1 plasmid in hepatoma cells HepG2 reversed the above changes, compared with vector group, the differences were statistically significant (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA NEAT1 expression is increased in liver cancer tissues. Down-regulation of LncRNA NEAT1 can inhibit EGFR expression and promote hepatoma cell apoptosis, inhibit cell cycle, thus inhibiting tumor proliferation and invasion.

12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(5): 747-752, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447919

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of influenza vaccine in children aged 6-72 months. Methods: The cohort study was conducted based on community child vaccination clinics in Yiwu and Yongkang counties of Zhejiang province. From October 2017 to December 2017, a total of 1 752 children aged 6-72 months were enrolled from 10 child vaccination clinics. The questionnaire survey was conducted after the written consents were obtained from the parents or legal guardians of the children. Then, a follow up was conducted for enrolle children until 30 April 2018, the influenza vaccination status and the number of influenza-like illness (ILI) cases, hospital visit due to ILI, self-medication due to ILI were observed and recorded every month. Vaccine effectiveness (VE) was estimated by using the generalized linear model (GLM) where dependent variables were the number of ILI cases, hospital visit and self-medication respectively. Results: Of the 1 752 children, 925 (52.80%) were boys and the median age was 30.00 months. The cumulative observation was 308 166 person days at the end of 2017-2018 season, with 5.27 ILI cases per 1 000 person days, 3.41 hospital visit due to ILI per 1 000 person days, 1.45 self-medication due to ILI per 1 000 person days. Of the 1 752 children, 643 received the influenza vaccination in 2017-2018 season. Compared with unvaccinated children, the VE was 23.5% against ILI case number (95%CI: 15.1%-31.1%), 19.3% against hospital visit due to ILI (95%CI: 8.2%-29.1%) and 25.8% against self-medication due to ILI (95%CI: 9.3%- 39.3%). Modeling splitting 643 children with 2017-2018 vaccination into those before and after vaccination, the influenza VE was 31.9% against ILI case number (95%CI: 12.7%-46.9%), 32.6% against hospital visit due to ILI (95%CI: 8.6%-50.3%) and 44.3% against self-medication due to ILI (95%CI: 11.9%-64.8%) in children aged 36-72 months. However, the children aged 6-35 months showed no significant VEs. For the VE analysis in children with different vaccination status, the VEs were significant if they received vaccination in both 2016-2017 season and 2017-2018 season or only in 2017-2018 seasons. The VE was not demonstrated among the children who were immunized only in 2016-2017 season. Conclusion: Influenza vaccination is moderate effective in preventing the incidence of ILI and hospital visit and self-medication in children in influenza season, the protection effect in children aged 36-72 months is better than that in children aged 6-35 months.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza/uso terapêutico , Influenza Humana , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Lactente , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Estações do Ano , Vacinação
13.
ChemSusChem ; 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32463990

RESUMO

This study reports on a comparative study of acid hydrotropic fractionation (AHF) of birch wood using maleic acid (MA) and p-toluenesulfonic acid (p-TsOH). Under the same level of delignification, lignin dissolved by MA is much less condensed with a higher content of ether aryl ß-O-4 linkages. Lignin depolymerization dominated in MA hydrotropic fractionation (MAHF) and resulted in a single lower molecular weight peak, in contrast to the competitive depolymerization and repolymerization in p-TsOH AHF with a bimodal distribution. The less condensed MA-dissolved lignin facilitated catalytic conversion to monophenols. Carboxylation of residual lignin in fractionated cellulosic water-insoluble solids (WISs) enhanced enzymatic saccharification by decreasing nonproductive cellulase binding to lignin. At a low cellulase loading of 10 FPU g-1 glucan, saccharification of WIS-MT120 from MAHF at 120 °C was 95 % compared with 48 % for WIS-PT85 from p-TsOH AHF at 85 °C under the same level of delignification of 63 %. Residual lignin carboxylation also facilitated nanofibrillation of WIS for producing lignin-containing cellulose nanofibrils (LCNFs) through an enhanced lignin lubrication effect, which substantially decreases fibrillation energy. LCNFs from only one pass of microfluidization of WIS-MT120 have the same morphology as those from WIS-PT85 after three passes. MA also has a lower solubility and higher minimal hydrotropic concentration, which facilitated acid recovery. MA is U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved as an indirect food additive, affording significant advantages compared with p-TsOH for biorefinery applications.

14.
J Mol Biol ; 432(13): 3790-3801, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416094

RESUMO

RNF12 is a widely expressed ubiquitin E3 ligase that is required for X-chromosome inactivation, regulation of LIM-domain containing transcription factors, and TGF-ß signaling. A RING domain at the C terminus of RNF12 is important for its E3 ligase activity, and mutations in the RING domain are associated with X-linked intellectual disability. Here we have characterized ubiquitin transfer by RNF12, and show that the RING domain can bind to, and is active with, ubiquitin conjugating enzymes (E2s) that produce degradative ubiquitin chains. We report the crystal structures of RNF12 in complex with two of these E2 enzymes, as well as with an E2~Ub conjugate in a closed conformation. These structures form a basis for understanding the deleterious effect of a number of disease causing mutations. Comparison of the RNF12 structure with other monomeric RINGs suggests that a loop prior to the core RING domain has a conserved and essential role in stabilization of the active conformation of the bound E2~Ub conjugate. Together these findings provide a framework for better understanding substrate ubiquitylation by RNF12 and the impact of disease causing mutations.

15.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(3): 255-261, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of gender on hepatic pathology and antibody-mediated immunity in Schistosoma japonicum-infected C57BL/6 mice. METHODS: Female and male C57BL/6 mice were infected with S. japonicum, and the hepatic pathological changes were observed using HE and picrosirius red staining in mice 8 weeks post-infection. The serum specific IgG antibody levels against the soluble adult worm antigen (SWA) and soluble egg antigen (SEA) were measured in mice using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the percentages of follicular helper T (Tfh) cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells were detected in mouse spleen and lymph nodes using flow cytometry. RESULTS: HE staining showed no significant difference in the mean area of a single hepatic egg granuloma between female and male mice 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum [(28.050 ± 3.576) × 104 µm2 vs. (26.740 ± 4.093) × 104 µm2; t = 0.241, P = 0.821], and picrosirius red staining revealed no statistical differences between female and male mice in terms of the mean proportion of picrosirius red stained hepatic tissues [(7.667 ± 1.856)% vs. (7.667 ± 1.764)%; t = 0, P = 1] or the mean optical density [(0.023 ± 0.003) vs. (0.027 ± 0.007); t = 0.447, P = 0.678]. ELISA detected no significant differences in the serum IgG antibody levels against SWA [(2.098 ± 0.037) vs. (1.970 ± 0.071); t = 1.595, P = 0.162] or SEA [(3.738 ± 0.039) vs. (3.708 ± 0.043); t = 0.512, P = 0.623] between female and male mice 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum. Flow cytometry detected significantly greater percentages of Tfh cells in the spleen [female mice, (8.645 ± 1.356)% vs. (1.730 ± 0.181)%, t = 5.055, P = 0.002; male mice, (8.470 ± 1.161)% vs. (1.583 ± 0.218)%, t = 5.829, P = 0.001] and lymph nodes [female mice, (3.218 ± 0.153)% vs. (1.095 ± 0.116)%, t = 11.040, P < 0.001; male mice, (3.673 ± 0.347)% vs. (0.935 ± 0.075)%, t = 8.994, P = 0.001) of both female and male mice 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum than in uninfected mice; however, no significant differences were seen between female and male mice 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum in terms of the percentages of Tfh cells in the spleen [(8.645 ± 1.356)% vs. (8.470 ± 1.161)%; t = 0.098, P = 0.925] or lymph nodes [(3.218 ± 0.153)% vs. (3.673 ± 0.347)%; t = 1.332, P = 0.241]. There was no significant difference in the proportion of Treg cells in the spleen of male mice between infected and uninfected mice [(10.060 ± 0.361)% vs. (10.130 ± 0.142)%; t = 0.174, P = 0.867], while a higher proportion of Treg cells was seen in the spleen of female mice 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum than in uninfected mice [(10.530 ± 0.242)% vs. (9.450 ± 0.263)%; t = 3.021, P = 0.023]. There was no significant difference in the proportion of Treg cells in the spleen between female and male mice infected with S. japonicum [(10.530 ± 0.242)% vs. (10.060 ± 0.361)%; t =1.077, P = 0.323]. In addition, the proportions of Treg cells were significantly greater in the lymph node of S. japonicum -infected female [(17.150 ± 0.805)% vs. (13.100 ± 0.265)%; t = 4.781, P = 0.003] and male mice [(18.550 ± 0.732)% vs. (12.630 ± 0.566)%; t = 6.402, P = 0.001] than in uninfected mice; however, no significant difference was seen between female and male mice 8 weeks post-infection [(17.150 ± 0.805)% vs. (18.550 ± 0.732)%; t = 1.287, P = 0.246]. CONCLUSIONS: There are no gender-specific hepatic pathological changes or antibody-mediated immunity in C57BL/6 mice post-infection with S. japonicum.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose Japônica , Animais , Anticorpos/sangue , Feminino , Fígado/imunologia , Fígado/parasitologia , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Schistosoma japonicum , Esquistossomose Japônica/imunologia , Esquistossomose Japônica/patologia , Fatores Sexuais , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia
16.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(3): 262-267, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468788

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immunological functions of heat shock protein 40 kDa of Schistosoma japonicum (SjHSP40). METHODS: The homology of the SjHSP40 protein sequence was analyzed and the B and T cell epitopes of SjHSP40 were predicted using bioinformatics tools. The full-length SjHSP40 gene was amplified using a PCR assay, and cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pGEX-6P-1, which was transformed into Escherichia coli BL-21. The protein expression was induced with isopropyl ß-D-thiogalactoside (IPDG), and then, the recombinant protein was purified with glutathione-sepharose 4B resin to yield the fusion protein GST-SjHSP40, which was checked with SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. Following immunization with GST-SjHSP40, the serum levels of anti-SjHSP40 IgG antibody and IgG1 and IgG2a subtypes were detected in BALB/c mice using ELISA. In addition, the effect of SjHSP40 on CD4+ T-cell subset differentiation was examined using flow cytometry. RESULTS: SjHSP40 contained 7 potential B cell epitopes and multiple T cell epitopes (CTL epitopes and Th epitopes). The prokaryotic expression plasmid pGEX-6p-1-SjSHP40 was successfully constructed, and the fusion protein GST-SjHSP40 was obtained following IPDG induction and protein purification. Significantly higher serum levels of anti-SjHSP40 IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a antibodies were detected in mice immunized with GST-SjHSP40 than in other groups; however, SjHSP40 showed no remarkable effects on CD4+ T-cell subset differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: SjHSP40 may induce specific humoral immune responses in mice; however, it does not affect the balance of Th immune responses. It is suggested that SjHSP40 may be a potential vaccine candidate.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40 , Schistosoma japonicum , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/sangue , Biologia Computacional , Epitopos/imunologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Plasmídeos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Schistosoma japonicum/genética , Schistosoma japonicum/imunologia
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447892

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate a new method for occupational protection training for medical staff, and to improve the awareness of occupational protection among medical staff. Methods: In August 2018, convenience sampling was performed to select 171 new medical workers in a grade A tertiary teaching hospital as subjects. The subjects were trained according to the requirements for occupational protection knowledge and training objectives. A questionnaire was distributed before training, and the scores were collected as control group; the subjects were trained using the conventional PPT theory, a questionnaire was distributed after training, and the scores were collected as trial group 1; the subjects were trained using the conventional PPT theory combined with the situational simulation teaching method, a questionnaire was distributed after training, and the scores were collected as trial group 2. A total of 171 questionnaires were distributed and collected for each survey, with a questionnaire recovery rate of 100%. Continuous data were expressed as mean±SD and were evaluated by an analysis of variance; categorical data were expressed as rate (%) , and the chi-square test was used for analysis. Results: A total of 171 medical workers, aged 22-33 years (mean 23.63±2.33 years) , participated in the study, among whom 127 (74.27%) were nurses, 146 (85.38%) were female workers, and 93 (54.39%) had a college degree. The awareness rate of occupational protection knowledge was 24.56%-70.18% in the control group, 63.16%-96.49% in the trial group 1, and 86.55%-99.42% in the trial group 2. There was a significant difference in the awareness rate of occupational protection knowledge among all the groups (P<0.01) , and there were also significant differences in theoretical test score, skill assessment score, and total score among all the groups (F=116.342, 189.424, and 304.904, P<0.01) . Theoretical test score, skill assessment score, and total score tended to increase after the training based on the conventional PPT theory or the training based on the conventional PPT theory and situational simulation (F=125.042, 352.025, and 444.073, P<0.01) . Conclusion: The situational simulation teaching method for the training of occupational protection knowledge for medical staff has a marked training effect and can significantly improve the theoretical and skill levels of medical staff.

18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(16): 169903, 2020 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383901

RESUMO

This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.057208.

20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(7): 3981-3992, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Major adverse cardiovascular events occurrences of patients with different cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) levels following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remained controversial. The prognostic relevance and risk factors of PCI-related myocardial infarction (MI) were not very clear as well. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study included 249 coronary artery disease patients without preoperative cTnI elevation who successfully accepted PCI from 2013 to 2014. A three-year follow-up was conducted for each patient. The patients were divided into PCI-related MI group and non-PCI-related MI group. Risk factors of PCI-related MI were first explored. The occurrence of MACE was recorded. The prognostic relevance between PCI-related MI (PMI) group and non-PCI-related MI group, as well as different postoperative cTnI levels, were compared. RESULTS: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), age, Gensini Score, total stent length, and intra-operative complication were found positively correlated with PCI-related MI occurrence, while hemoglobin and prior PCI history were negatively correlated. After 3-year follow-up, the Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed MACE occurrence was significantly increased in PCI-related MI group. Comparing to patients with normal postoperative cTnI, MACE occurrence was increased in patients with a 10×upper limit of normal (ULN)≤cTnI<70×ULN and cTnI≥70×ULN, while there was no difference in patients with 1×ULN≤cTnI<5×ULN and 5×ULN≤cTnI<10×ULN. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis revealed PMI, NT-proBNP, and left ventricular ejection function (LVEF)<50% were positively correlated with MACE occurrence, while maximum inflation pressure and apoA-I were negatively correlated. CONCLUSIONS: Prognosis of PCI-related MI was poor, as well as in patients with postoperative cTnI≥10×ULN. Among the risk factors of PMI, LDL-C, age, Gensini Score, total stent length, and intra-operative complication were positively correlated with PCI-related MI occurrence, while hemoglobin and prior PCI history were negatively correlated.

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