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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32543738

RESUMO

Smart self-protection is essential for addressing safety issues of energy-storage devices. However, conventional strategies based on sol-gel transition electrolytes often suffer from unstable self-recovery performance. Herein, smart separators based on thermal-gated poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) hydrogel electrolytes were developed for rechargeable zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs). Such PNIPAM-based separators not only display a pore structure evolution from opened to closed states, but also exhibit a surface wettability transition from hydrophilic to hydrophobic behaviors when the temperature rises. This behavior can suppress the migration of electrolyte ions across the separators, realizing the self-protection of ZIBs at high temperatures. Furthermore, the thermal-gated behavior is highly reversible, even after multiple heating/cooling cycles, because of the reversibility of temperature-dependent structural evolution and hydrophilic/hydrophobic transition. This work will pave the way for designing thermal-responsive energy-storage devices with safe and controlled energy delivery.

2.
Chemistry ; 25(64): 14480-14494, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407398

RESUMO

Rechargeable aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) have garnered tremendous attention in the field of next energy storage devices due to their high safety, low cost, abundant resources, and eco-friendliness. As an important component of the zinc-ion battery, the electrolyte plays a vital role in the electrochemical properties, since it will provide a pathway for the migrations of the zinc ions between the cathode and anode, and determine the ionic conductivity, electrochemically stable potential window, and reaction mechanism. In this Minireview, a brief introduction of electrochemical principles of the aqueous ZIBs is discussed and the recent advances of various aqueous electrolytes for ZIBs, including liquid, gel, and multifunctional hydrogel electrolytes are also summarized. Furthermore, the remaining challenges and future directions of electrolytes in aqueous ZIBs are also discussed, which could provide clues for the following development.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(13): 4313-4317, 2019 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30697965

RESUMO

The self-healing of zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) will not only significantly improve the durability and extend the lifetime of devices, but also decrease electronic waste and economic cost. A poly(vinyl alcohol)/zinc trifluoromethanesulfonate (PVA/Zn(CF3 SO3 )2 ) hydrogel electrolyte was fabricated by a facile freeze/thaw strategy. PVA/Zn(CF3 SO3 )2 hydrogels possess excellent ionic conductivity and stable electrochemical performance. Such hydrogel electrolytes can autonomously self-heal by hydrogen bonding without any external stimulus. All-in-one integrated ZIBs can be assembled by incorporating the cathode, separator, and anode into hydrogel matrix since the fabrication of PVA/Zn(CF3 SO3 )2 hydrogel is a process of converting the liquid to quasi-solid state. The ZIBs show an outstanding self-healing and can recover electrochemical performance completely even after several cutting/healing cycles.

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