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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 612: 536-549, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016017

RESUMO

Photocatalysis treatment is a promising technology to eliminate water pollutants. Herein, we constructed polyimide/NH2-UiO-66 composites (PUs) through a facile one-step solvothermal method for the photocatalytic degradation of sulfonamides. The optimized photocatalyst PU1.5 was superior to the photocatalysts prepared through multi-step methods due to the more exposed (001) facets of polyimide and the better distribution of small NH2-UiO-66 particles. PU1.5 showed the highest photocatalytic activity, which was 9.5 and 92.0 times higher than that of polyimide and NH2-UiO-66. Such improvement was attributed to the improved carrier separation efficiency resulted from direct Z-scheme heterojunction. The probable degradation pathway of sulfathiazole was proposed by the LC-MS/MS and Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculation. Furthermore, the reduced toxicity and the little antibacterial activity of intermediates was investigated by the Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) analysis and the residual antibiotic activity experiment. The study might provide a new strategy for designing composite photocatalyst to achieve efficient removal of pollutants.

2.
Food Chem ; 375: 131899, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954582

RESUMO

Soaking tea leaves make tea consumers exposure to pesticide residues more easily. However, there are few studies on the removal of pesticides in tea infusions. Therefore, a low-cost carbonized bacterial cellulose material was prepared by direct calcination method, and used to remove multiple pesticides in tea infusions quickly and efficiently. CBC-350 has the best removal efficiency for 9 pesticides and then screened the best adsorption conditions. The adsorption isotherm experiment was carried out and indicated that the adsorption process was in consist with the Freundlich model. The thermodynamic parameters are also calculated. Moreover, the adsorption mechanism was discussed, which suggests that π-π interaction and hydrophobic action are the driving force during the adsorption process. Exhilaratingly, the CBC-350 also has excellent adsorption capacity compared to other adsorbents and can be reused at least five times.


Assuntos
Resíduos de Praguicidas , Praguicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Celulose , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Chá , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical risk stratified outcomes following contemporary revascularization strategies have not been well described. We report these outcomes in patients undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) or Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) for multivessel coronary disease. METHODS: 5836 patients with multivessel disease who underwent CABG (4420) or PCI (1416) were included in this retrospective observational analysis. Data was stratified based on Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk score. Score <4% was considered low risk and ≥4% was intermediate-high risk. Outcomes included mortality, inpatient readmissions and repeat revascularizations. RESULTS: In the CABG population, 3863 (87.3%) were low surgical risk and 557 (12.6%) were intermediate-high risk. The 5-year mortality for the low risk cohort was 10.9% (95% CI 9.83-12.05) and for the intermediate-high risk cohort, it was 40.1% (95% CI 35.76-44.54). Among those undergoing PCI, 1163 (82.1%) were low risk while 249 (17.6%) were intermediate-high risk. The 5-year mortality for the low risk cohort was 21.6% (95% CI 19.10-24.26) and for the intermediate-high risk cohort, it was 61.8% (95% CI 54.72-68.70). CONCLUSIONS: This study reports outcomes stratified by surgical risk after PCI or CABG in patients with multivessel coronary disease. This data can help guide revascularization strategy choice for individual patients.

4.
Cancer Res ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645607

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a severe health problem worldwide, and accumulating evidence supports the contribution of Fusobacterium nucleatum to CRC development, metastasis, and chemoresistance. However, the mechanisms underlying the colonization of F. nucleatum in CRC tissue is not yet clarified. Here we demonstrate that F. nucleatum infection mediated elevation of angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) expression. Upregulated ANGPTL4 promoted glucose uptake and glycolysis activity in CRC cells in vitro and in vivo, which are necessary for the colonization of F. nucleatum. Furthermore, overall increased acetylation of histone H3 lysine 27 was observed in F. nucleatum infected CRC cells and patient tumors, which was responsible for the corresponding transcriptional upregulation of ANGPTL4. These data indicate that the metabolic reprogramming of cancer cells induced by F. nucleatum is essential for its enrichment and persistence in CRC, providing a novel potential target for the clinical intervention of F. nucleatum-related CRC.

5.
Diabetes Care ; 44(12): 2664-2672, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702783

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Comprehensive assessment of alterations in lipid species preceding type 2 diabetes (T2D) is largely unknown. We aimed to identify plasma molecular lipids associated with risk of T2D in American Indians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using untargeted liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, we repeatedly measured 3,907 fasting plasma samples from 1,958 participants who attended two examinations (∼5.5 years apart) and were followed up to 16 years in the Strong Heart Family Study. Mixed-effects logistic regression was used to identify lipids associated with risk of T2D, adjusting for traditional risk factors. Repeated measurement analysis was performed to examine the association between change in lipidome and change in continuous measures of T2D, adjusting for baseline lipids. Multiple testing was controlled by false discovery rate at 0.05. RESULTS: Higher baseline level of 33 lipid species, including triacylglycerols, diacylglycerols, phosphoethanolamines, and phosphocholines, was significantly associated with increased risk of T2D (odds ratio [OR] per SD increase in log2-transformed baseline lipids 1.50-2.85) at 5-year follow-up. Of these, 21 lipids were also associated with risk of T2D at 16-year follow-up. Aberrant lipid profiles were also observed in prediabetes (OR per SD increase in log2-transformed baseline lipids 1.30-2.19 for risk lipids and 0.70-0.78 for protective lipids). Longitudinal changes in 568 lipids were significantly associated with changes in continuous measures of T2D. Multivariate analysis identified distinct lipidomic signatures differentiating high- from low-risk groups. CONCLUSIONS: Lipid dysregulation occurs many years preceding T2D, and novel molecular lipids (both baseline level and longitudinal change over time) are significantly associated with risk of T2D beyond traditional risk factors. Our findings shed light on the mechanisms linking dyslipidemia to T2D and may yield novel therapeutic targets for early intervention tailored to American Indians.

6.
J Proteome Res ; 20(10): 4901-4911, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473505

RESUMO

Serum-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are a promising source of biomarkers; however, major challenges in EV separation and proteomic profiling remain for isolating EVs from a small amount, that is, on the microliter scale, of human serum while minimizing the contamination of blood proteins and lipoprotein particles coeluting in EV preparations. Herein we have developed a column-based CD9-antibody-immobilized high-performance liquid chromatography immunoaffinity chromatography(CD9-HPLC-IAC) technology for EV isolation from a microliter scale of serum for downstream proteomic analysis. The CD9-HPLC-IAC method achieved EV isolation from 40 µL of serum in 30 min with a yield of 8.0 × 109 EVs, where EVs were further processed with a postcolumn cleaning step using the 50 kDa molecular weight cut-off filter for the buffer exchange, concentration, and reduction of potentially coeluting serum proteins. In total, 482 proteins were identified in EVs by using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, including the common exosomal markers such as CD63, CD81, CD82, Alix, and TSG101. The statistical analysis of EV protein content showed that the top 10 serum proteins in EVs were significantly decreased by using the CD9-HPLC-IAC method compared with the use of ultracentrifugation (p = 0.001) and size exclusion chromatography (p = 0.009), and apolipoproteins were significantly reduced 4.8-fold compared with the SEC method (p < 0.001). The result demonstrates the potential of the CD9-HPLC-IAC method for the efficient isolation and proteomic characterization of EVs from a microscale volume of serum.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Proteômica , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Tecnologia , Tetraspanina 29
7.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 14(9): e007485, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines recommend using the 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk to guide statin therapy for primary prevention. Real-world data on adherence and consequences of nonadherence to the guidelines in primary are limited. We investigated the guideline-directed statin intensity (GDSI) and associated outcomes in a large health care system, stratified by ASCVD risk. METHODS: Statin prescription in patients without coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, or ischemic stroke were evaluated within a large health care network (2013-2017) using electronic medical health records. Patient categories constructed by the 10-year ASCVD risk were borderline (5%-7.4%), intermediate (7.5%-19.9%), or high (≥20%). The GDSI (before time of first event) was defined as none or any intensity for borderline, and at least moderate for intermediate and high-risk groups. Mean (±SD) time to start/change to GDSI from first interaction in health care and incident rates (per 1000 person-years) for each outcome were calculated. Cox regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios for incident ASCVD and mortality across risk categories stratified by statin utilization. RESULTS: Among 282 298 patients (mean age ≈50 years), 29 134 (10.3%), 63 299 (22.4%), and 26 687 (9.5%) were categorized as borderline, intermediate, and high risk, respectively. Among intermediate and high-risk categories, 27 358 (43%) and 8300 (31%) patients did not receive any statin, respectively. Only 17 519 (65.6%) high-risk patients who were prescribed a statin received GDSI. The mean time to GDSI was ≈2 years among the intermediate and high-risk groups. At a median follow-up of 6 years, there was a graded increase in risk of ASCVD events in intermediate risk (hazard ratio=1.15 [1.07-1.24]) and high risk (hazard ratio=1.27 [1.17-1.37]) when comparing no statin use with GDSI therapy. Similarly, mortality risk among intermediate and high-risk groups was higher in no statin use versus GDSI. CONCLUSIONS: In a real-world primary prevention cohort, over one-third of statin-eligible patients were not prescribed statin therapy. Among those receiving a statin, mean time to GDSI was ≈2 years. The consequences of nonadherence to guidelines are illustrated by greater incident ASCVD and mortality events. Further research can develop and optimize health care system strategies for primary prevention.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , American Heart Association , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevenção Primária , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
8.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(4): 469-474, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409805

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify the alternative splicing isoform of mouse sweet taste receptor T1R2, and investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) local injection on T1R2 alternative splicing and the function of sweet taste receptor as one of the bacterial virulence factors. METHODS: After mouse taste bud tissue isolation was conducted, RNA extraction and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to identify the splicing isoform of T1R2. Heterologous expression experiments in vitro were utilized to detect how the T1R2 isoform regulated the function of sweet taste receptors. The effect of local LPS injection on the expression of the T1R2 isoform was measured by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. RESULTS: T1R2 splicing isoform T1R2_Δe3p formed sweet taste receptors with T1R3, which could not be activated by sweet taste stimuli and significantly downregulated the function of canonical T1R2/T1R3. Local LPS injection significantly increased the expression ratio of T1R2_Δe3p in mouse taste buds. CONCLUSIONS: LPS stimulation affects the alternative splicing of mouse sweet taste receptor T1R2 and significantly upregulates the expression of non-functional isoform T1R2_Δe3p, suggesting that T1R2 alternative splicing regulation may be one of the mechanisms by which microbial infection affects host taste perception.


Assuntos
Papilas Gustativas , Processamento Alternativo , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Paladar
9.
Metabolites ; 11(8)2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436504

RESUMO

Currently, surveillance strategies have inadequate performance for cirrhosis and early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The glycosylation of serum haptoglobin has shown to have significant differences between cirrhosis and HCC, thus can be used for diagnosis. We performed a comprehensive liquid chromatography-parallel reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry (LC-PRM-MS) approach, where a targeted parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) strategy was coupled to a powerful LC system, to study the site-specific isomerism of haptoglobin (Hp) extracted from cirrhosis and HCC patients. We found that our strategy was able to identify a large number of isomeric N-glycopeptides, mainly located in the Hp glycosylation site Asn207. Four N-glycopeptides were found to have significant changes in abundance between cirrhosis and HCC samples (p < 0.05). Strategic combinations of the significant N-glycopeptides, either with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) or themselves, better estimate the areas under the curve (AUC) of their respective receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves with respect to AFP. The combination of AFP with the isomeric sialylated fucosylated N-glycopeptides Asn207 + 5-6-1-2 and Asn207 + 5-6-1-3, resulted with an AUC value of 0.98, while the AUC value for AFP alone was 0.85. When comparing cirrhosis vs. early HCC, the isomeric N-glycopeptide Asn207 + 5-6-0-1 better estimated AUC with respect to AFP (AUCAFP = 0.81, and AUCAsn207 + 5-6-0-1 = 0.88, respectively).

10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9967035, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258285

RESUMO

Nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs) are sugar substitutes widely used to reduce the negative health effects of excessive sugar consumption. Dental caries, one of the most prevalent chronic diseases globally, results from a pathogenic biofilm with microecological imbalance and frequent exposure to sugars. Some research has shown that certain NNSs possess less cariogenic potential than sucrose, indicating their putative effect on oral microbiome. To uncover the alterations of acidogenic pathogens and alkali-generating commensals, as well as the biofilm cariogenic potential under the influence of NNSs, we selected four common NNSs (acesulfame-K, aspartame, saccharin, and sucralose) and established single-, dual-, and multispecies in vitro culture model to assess their effects on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and/or Streptococcus sanguinis (S. sanguinis) compared to sucrose with the same sweetness. The results showed that NNSs significantly suppressed the planktonic growth, acid production, and biofilm formation of S. mutans or S. sanguinis compared with sucrose in single-species cultures. Additionally, decreased S. mutans/S. sanguinis ratio, less EPS generation, and higher pH value were observed in dual-species and saliva-derived multispecies biofilms with supplementary NNSs. Collectively, this study demonstrates that NNSs inhibit the cariogenic potential of biofilms by maintaining microbial equilibrium, thus having a promising prospect as anticaries agents.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano/química , Microbiota , Boca/microbiologia , Adoçantes não Calóricos , Aspartame/análise , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Cariogênicos/farmacologia , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Glicosídeos/metabolismo , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Sacarina/análise , Streptococcus mutans , Streptococcus sanguis , Sacarose/análogos & derivados , Sacarose/análise , Tiazinas/análise
11.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(13): e020466, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212757

RESUMO

Background Assessment of the social determinants of post-hospital cardiac care is needed. We examined the association and predictive ability of neighborhood-level determinants (area deprivation index, ADI), readmission risk, and mortality for heart failure, myocardial ischemia, and atrial fibrillation. Methods and Results Using a retrospective (January 1, 2011-December 31, 2018) analysis of a large healthcare system, we assess the predictive ability of ADI on 30-day and 1-year readmission and mortality following hospitalization. Cox proportional hazards models analyzed time-to-event. Log rank analyses determined survival. C-statistic and net reclassification index determined the model's discriminative power. Covariates included age, sex, race, comorbidity, number of medications, length of stay, and insurance. The cohort (n=27 694) had a median follow-up of 46.5 months. There were 14 469 (52.2%) men and 25 219 White (91.1%) patients. Patients in the highest ADI quintile (versus lowest) were more likely to be admitted within 1 year of index heart failure admission (hazard ratio [HR], 1.25; 95% CI, 1.03‒1.51). Patients with myocardial ischemia in the highest ADI quintile were twice as likely to be readmitted at 1 year (HR, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.44‒2.91]). Patients with atrial fibrillation living in areas with highest ADI were less likely to be admitted within 1 year (HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.65‒0.95). As ADI increased, risk of readmission increased, and risk reclassification was improved with ADI in the models. Patients in the highest ADI quintile were 25% more likely to die within a year (HR, 1.25 1.08‒1.44). Conclusions Residence in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities predicts rehospitalization and mortality. Measuring neighborhood deprivation can identify individuals at risk following cardiac hospitalization.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Readmissão do Paciente , Características de Residência , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Pennsylvania/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Chemosphere ; 280: 130877, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162102

RESUMO

A mild and one-pot activation approach of activated carbon was found. The feasibility of boric acid as the activated reagent which was used for the adsorption of four tetracyclines antibiotics (TCs) in water. Boric acid activated carbon (BAC) from bioresource has a much higher removal efficiency than currently reported biochar. The maximum adsorption capacity of BAC is 173.9 mg/g for TCs. BAC is an ecofriendly, nontoxic, and low-cost absorbent from sawdust waste. BAC and TCs could keep coalescing at least 55 days on the surface without stable release. BAC was fully characterized by using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman, zeta potential, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis; the large surface area and rich pore structure were proved. The interaction between BAC and TCs are hydrogen bond interaction, π-π interaction, and electrostatic interaction. These interactions are also related to the surface charge of BAC and the TCs' species of ions in different pH. Furthermore, the adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherm of BAC were studied thoroughly. The pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, intra-particle diffusion, Elovich Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich models were fitted and the physical adsorption process was proved. After the study on adsorption thermodynamics, adsorption exhibits a spontaneous and favorable process.


Assuntos
Lignina , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Antibacterianos , Biomassa , Ácidos Bóricos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Tetraciclinas , Termodinâmica , Água
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(21): 24756-24764, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34004110

RESUMO

Zinc-iodine (Zn/I2) batteries are recognized as a kind of leading candidate for large-scale energy storage systems, owing to the high-capacity dissolution-deposition reactions on both electrodes. Nevertheless, the lifespan of Zn/I2 batteries is severely limited by the uncontrolled shuttling of triiodide ions (I3-) and unfavorable side reactions on Zn anodes. Herein, an alginate-based polyanionic hydrogel electrolyte is designed and synthesized by ion exchange and Zn2+-induced cross-linking. The immobile, negatively charged polyanionic chains on the hydrogel skeleton effectively block I3- from shuttling, while simultaneously transporting cations that are indispensable for battery chemistry. Moreover, this hydrogel can also enhance the cycling durability of Zn anodes by alleviating Zn's dendritic growth and corrosion reactions, due to the homogenized Zn2+ flux and reduced interfacial contact between free water and metallic Zn. Consequently, this alginate-based hydrogel electrolyte enables stable Zn plating/stripping for over 600 h at 2 mA cm-2 and 2 mAh cm-2 (corresponding to 10% depth of discharge). Serving as an electrolyte for Zn/I2 full batteries, this hydrogel helps the battery to achieve a high capacity of 183.4 mAh g-1 (capacity retention = 97.6%) after even 200 cycles at 0.2 A g-1, 77.4% higher than that of the traditional ZnSO4 aqueous counterpart (residual capacity = 41.5 mAh g-1). This work indicates the promising potential of electrolyte design on the performance improvement of aqueous Zn/I2 batteries.

14.
J Proteome Res ; 20(6): 3345-3352, 2021 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34010560

RESUMO

Glycosylation is one of the most common post-translational modifications (PTM) occurring in a large variety of proteins with important biological functions in human and other higher organisms. Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has been routinely used to characterize site-specific protein glycosylation at high throughput in complex glycoproteomic samples. Recently, electron transfer/high-energy collision dissociation (EThcD) was introduced for glycopeptide identification, which offers rich structural information on glycopepides with the fragment ions from the cleavages of both the glycan and the peptide backbone. Herein, we present the software GlycoHybridSeq for automated interpretation of EThcD-MS/MS spectra from glycoproteomic data using a customized scoring function, which enables the functionalities of identifying glycopeptides, characterizing glycosylation sites, and distinguishing some isomeric glycans. We evaluate GlycoHybridSeq on glycoproteomic data collected for cancer biomarker discovery. The results showed that it achieved comparable or better performance than that of Byonic and MSFragger. GlycoHybridSeq is released as an open source software and is ready to be used in large-scale glycoproteomic data analyses.


Assuntos
Glicopeptídeos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Cromatografia Líquida , Elétrons , Glicosilação , Humanos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(14): e25233, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832082

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The incidence of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is increasing higher in non-neutropenic patients. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Galactomannan (GM), serum GM, and 1,3-ß-d-glucan (BDG) in non-neutropenic respiratory disease patients with IPA.A total of 333 non-neutropenic patients suspected IPA were recruited from Xiamen University Zhong Shan hospital between January 2016 and February 2019. One, 33, and 92 cases were diagnosed with proven, and possible IPA.BALF and serum GM were both elevated in the possible IPA group and the probable/proven IPA group (p < 0.001). BALF and serum GM showed a fair correlation in the possible IPA group (r = 0.286, p = 0.008), and moderate correlation in the probable/proven IPA group (r = 0.466, p = 0.005). When the cutoff value was 0.5, the sensitivity and negative likelihood ratio of BALF GM were superior to serum GM (78.3% vs 47.8%, 96.7% vs 91.6%). The specificity and positive likelihood ratio of BALF GM were slightly weaker than serum GM (91.8% vs 95.4%, 56.7% vs 85.0%). When the cutoff value was 1.0, the sensitivity and negative predictive value of BALF GM were better than serum GM (73.9% vs 26.1%, 94.5% vs 88.8%), and the specificity of were equivalent (99.2%). The optimal cutoff value of BALF GM was 0.6, wherein the sensitivity reached 78.3% and the specificity reached 95.4%. Given the extremely low sensitivity of serum BDG at different cutoff values (≥10 µg/mL = 5.3%, ≥20 µg/mL = 2.1%), it cannot be used as a preferred biomarker.The diagnostic performance of BALF GM was superior to other biomarkers and the optimal cutoff value was 0.6.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Glucanos/sangue , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/diagnóstico , Mananas/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/análise , Feminino , Galactose/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
J Proteome Res ; 20(6): 3278-3289, 2021 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33929864

RESUMO

Changes in N-glycosylation on specific peptide sites of serum proteins have been investigated as potential markers for diagnosis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-related HCC. To accomplish this work, a novel workflow involving broad-scale marker discovery in serum followed by targeted marker evaluation of these glycopeptides were combined. The workflow involved an LC-Stepped HCD-DDA-MS/MS method coupled with offline peptide fractionation for large-scale identification of N-glycopeptides directly from pooled serum samples (each n = 10) as well as differential determination of N-glycosylation changes between disease states. We then evaluated several potentially diagnostic N-glycopeptides among 78 individual patient samples (40 cirrhosis, 28 early stage NASH HCC, and 10 late-stage NASH HCC) by LC-Stepped HCD-PRM-MS/MS to quantitatively analyze 65 targeted glycopeptides from 7 glycoproteins. Of these targets, we found site-specific N-glycopeptides n169GSLFAFR_HexNAc(4)Hex(5)NeuAc(2) and n242ISDGFDGIPDNVDAALALPAHSYSGR_HexNAc(5)Hex(6)Fuc(1)NeuAc(3) from VTNC were significantly increased comparing samples from patients with NASH cirrhosis and NASH HCC (p < 0.05). When combining results of these 2 glycopeptides with AFP, the ROC curve analysis demonstrated the AUC value increased to 0.834 (95% CI, 0.748-0.921) and 0.847 (95% CI, 0.766-0.932), respectively, as compared to that of AFP alone (AUC = 0.791, 95% CI, 0.690-0.892). These 2 glycopeptides may serve as potential biomarkers for early HCC diagnosis in patients with NASH related cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Glicopeptídeos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev ; 41(5): 315-321, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758155

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neighborhood socioeconomic status is associated with health outcomes. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) provides a cost-effective, multidisciplinary approach to improve outcomes in cardiovascular disease. We aimed to evaluate the association of the Area Deprivation Index (ADI), a marker of neighborhood social composition, with risk of recurrent cardiovascular outcomes and assessed the modifying effect of CR. METHODS: We identified patients with a primary diagnosis of (1) myocardial infarction or (2) incident heart failure (HF) admitted to a large-sized regional health center during 2010-2018. We derived the ADI from home addresses and categorized it into quartiles (higher quartiles indicating increased deprivation). We obtained number of CR visits and covariates from the health record. We compared rehospitalization (cardiovascular, acute coronary syndrome [ACS], and HF) and mortality rates across ADI quartiles. RESULTS: We included 6957 patients (age 69.2 ± 13.4 yr, 38% women, 89% White race). After covariate adjustment, the ADI was significantly associated with higher incidence rates (IRs)/100 person-yr of cardiovascular rehospitalization (quartile 1, IR 34.6 [95% CI, 31.2-38.2]; quartile 4, 41.5 [95% CI, 39.1-44.1], P < .001). In addition, the ADI was significantly associated with higher rates of rehospitalization for HF (P < .001), ACS (P < .012), and all-cause mortality (P < .04). These differences in rehospitalization and mortality rates by the ADI were no longer significant in those who attended CR. CONCLUSIONS: We found the increased ADI was adversely associated with rehospitalizations and mortality. However, in individuals with CR, outcomes were significantly improved compared with those with no CR. Our findings suggest that CR participation has the potential to improve outcomes in disadvantaged neighborhoods.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Infarto do Miocárdio , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 757: 143810, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279197

RESUMO

A non-metallic and low-cost novel phosphorus and boron co-doping graphite carbon nitride (PB-g-C3N4) photocatalyst was prepared by a facile thermal copolymerization of urea with B2O3 and (NH4)2·HPO4. The novel PB-g-C3N4 exhibited excellent optical and electrical properties and the photocatalytic elimination efficiency for atrazine (AT, can make feminization of male frogs in the wild, and even induce reproductive cancers in humans.) has been greatly improved compared with the pristine g-C3N4. The results of characterization techniques indicate that the introduced B and P atoms most probably to substitute for sp2-hybridized C atoms in triazine rings. O2- and h+ are the dominant active species to induce the elimination of AT demonstrated by the radical-trapping experiments. And a possible elimination pathway is proposed according to the detected main intermediates. In addition, PB-g-C3N4 was applied to the simultaneous photocatalytic elimination of 9 triazine herbicides, and the effects of different initial concentrations, pH, fulvic acid (FA) and ion species on their elimination effects were studied. And it was proved that the photocatalytic performance of PB-g-C3N4 did not significant decrease after 4 times of reuse.

19.
Electrophoresis ; 42(3): 245-256, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169421

RESUMO

We have developed a rapid, low-cost, and simple separation strategy to separate extracellular vesicles (EVs) from a small amount of serum (i.e.,<100 µL) with minimal contamination by serum proteins and lipoprotein particles to meet the high purity requirement for EV proteome analysis. EVs were separated by a novel polyester capillary channel polymer (PET C-CP) fiber phase/hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC) method which is rapid and can process small size samples. The collected EV fractions were subjected to a post-column cleanup protocol using a centrifugal filter to perform buffer exchange and eliminate potential coeluting non-EV proteins while minimizing EV sample loss. Downstream characterization demonstrated that our current strategy can separate EVs with the anticipated exosome-like particle size distribution and high yield (∼1 × 1011 EV particles per mL of serum) in approximately 15 min. Proteome profiling of the EVs reveals that a group of genuine EV components were identified that have significantly less high-abundance blood proteins and lipoprotein particle contamination in comparison to traditional separation methods. The use of this methodology appears to address the major challenges facing EV separation for proteomics analysis. In addition, the EV post-column cleanup protocol proposed in the current work has the potential to be combined with other separation methods, such as ultracentrifugation (UC), to further purify the separated EV samples.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Vesículas Extracelulares/química , Proteoma/análise , Proteômica/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Ultracentrifugação
20.
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol ; 320(2): G153-G165, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175569

RESUMO

Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for obesity and its comorbidities. However, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms behind its beneficial effects is limited. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) comprise an important mode of intercellular communication. They carry nucleic acids, hormones, and signaling molecules and regulate multiple processes. Our aim was to test the role of EVs in the effects of vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) using a mouse model. Small intestinal EVs were obtained from the mice that underwent VSG or control surgery and were on chow or high-fat diet or diet-restricted, and then they were subjected to the proteomic analysis. Enteroid and bacterial cultures were treated with EVs to evaluate their survival effect. A mouse cohort received intraduodenal administration of EVs from VSG or Sham mice for 10 days. Body weight, glucose metabolism, and intestinal morphology were evaluated. EVs were enriched in the intestinal lumen and mucus of VSG compared with Sham mice. Protein composition of VSG and Sham-derived EVs was highly distinct. When introduced into culture, VSG EVs decreased survival of intestinal enteroids and, conversely, promoted proliferation of bacteria. Mice administered with EVs obtained from VSG and Sham groups did not show differences in body weight, food intake, or glucose metabolism. Intestinal morphology was altered, as VSG EVs caused reduction of ileal villi length and decreased epithelial proliferation in the jejunum and ileum. VSG causes remodeling of intestinal EVs, which results in unique protein composition. VSG-derived EVs exhibit cytotoxic effects on epithelial cells and reduce proliferation of intestinal progenitor cells in mice.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This is the first study that investigates the impact of bariatric surgery on protein composition of intestinal extracellular vesicles. Extracellular vesicle composition is greatly altered after vertical sleeve gastrectomy and may potentially modulate various signaling pathways. In our study, extracellular vesicles from vertical sleeve gastrectomy-treated mice promote bacterial proliferation but exhibit cytotoxic effect on epithelial cells and reduce proliferation of intestinal progenitor cells in mice.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares/fisiologia , Gastrectomia/métodos , Mucosa Intestinal/fisiologia , Animais , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Glicemia , Proliferação de Células , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Células Epiteliais/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Intolerância à Glucose , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Obesidade/induzido quimicamente , Transdução de Sinais , Perda de Peso
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