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1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2196: 211-222, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889723

RESUMO

Macroautophagy, by its very nature, is a protein trafficking process. Cargos are transported and processed. Atg proteins come and go. In this chapter, we present three assays to monitor these dynamic events: a non-radioactive pulse-chase labeling assay to monitor the transport of prApe1 and two fluorescent microscopy-based assays to assess the trafficking of Atg8 and Atg9.

2.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(19)2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007907

RESUMO

The fundamental challenge for creating the crystal structure model used in a multi-principle element design is the ideal combination of atom components, structural stability, and deformation behavior. However, most of the multi-principle element alloys contain expensive metallic and rare earth elements, which could limit their applicability. Here, a novel design of low-cost AlCrTiFeNi multi-principle element alloy is presented to study the relationship of structure, deformation behavior, and micro-mechanism. This structured prediction of single-phase AlCrTiFeNi by the atomic-size difference, mixing enthalpy ΔHmix and valence electron concentration (VEC), indicate that we can choose the bcc-structured solid solution to design the AlCrTiFeNi multi-principle element alloy. Structural stability prediction by density functional theory calculations (DFT) of single phases has verified that the most advantageous atom occupancy position is (FeCrNi)(AlFeTi). The experimental results showed that the structure of AlCrTiFeNi multi-principle element alloy is bcc1 + bcc2 + L12 phases, which we propose as the fundamental reason for the high strength. Our findings provide a new route by which to design and obtain multi-principle element alloys with targeted properties based on the theoretical predictions, first-principles calculations, and experimental verification.

3.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; : e8971, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049802

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The aim of this study was to analyze the metabolomics of lung with different host inflammation of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) for the identification of biomarkers for predicting severity under different inflammatory conditions. METHODS: Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-intratracheal injection induced acute lung injury (ALI). A mouse model was used to explore lung metabolomic biomarkers in ALI/ARDS. The splenectomy model was used as an auxiliary method to distinguish between hyper- and hypo-inflammatory subtypes. Plasma, lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples were collected from mice after CLP/LPS. The severity of lung injury was evaluated. Expression of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) in mice serum and lung was tested by ELISA and PCR. Polymorphonuclear cells in BALF were counted. The lung metabolites were detected by GC/MS, and the metabolic pathways predicted using the KEGG database. RESULTS: The LPS/CLP-Splen group had more severe lung injury than the corresponding ALI group; that in the CLP-Splen group was more serious than in the LPS-Splen group. TNF-α expression was significantly elevated in the serum and lung tissue after LPS or CLP, and higher in the LPS/CLP-Splen group than in the corresponding ALI group. The level of TNF-α in the CLP-Splen group was elevated significantly over that in the LPS-Splen group. Both these groups also showed significant neutrophil exudation within the lungs. During differential inflammation, more differential metabolites were detected in the lungs of the CLP-group ALI mice than inthe LPS group. A total of 41 compounds were detected in the lungs of the CLP and CLP-Splen groups. Contrastingly, 8 compounds were detected in the lungs of the LPS and LPS-Splen groups. The LPS-Splen and CLP-Splen groups had significant neutrophil exudation in the lung. Random forest analysis of lung-targeted metabolomics data indicated 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid,1-aminocyclopentanecarboxylic acid (ACPC), cis-aconitic acid, and hydroxybenzoic acid as strong predictors of hyper-inflammatory subgroup in the CLP group. Furthermore, with splenectomy, 13 differential metabolic pathways between the CLP and LPS groups were revealed. CONCLUSIONS: Hyper-inflammatory subgroups of ARDS have a greater inflammatory response and a more active lung metabolism. Combined with host inflammation background, biomarkers from metabolomics could help evaluate the response severity of ARDS.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064185

RESUMO

Ganoderma lucidum, which contains numerous biologically active compounds, is known worldwide as a medicinal basidiomycete. Because of its application for the prevention and treatment of various diseases, most of artificially cultivated G. lucidum is output to many countries as food, tea, and dietary supplements for further processing. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) has been reported as a compound that can induce ganoderic acid (GA) biosynthesis, an important secondary metabolite of G. lucidum. Herein, MeJA was found to increase the intracellular level of nitric oxide (NO). In addition, upregulation of GA biosynthesis in the presence of MeJA was abolished when NO was depleted from the culture. This result demonstrated that MeJA-regulated GA biosynthesis might occur via NO signaling. To elucidate the underlying mechanism, we used gene-silenced strains of nitrate reductase (NR) and the inhibitor of NR to illustrate the role of NO in MeJA induction. The results indicated that the increase in GA biosynthesis induced by MeJA was activated by NR-generated NO. Furthermore, the findings indicated that the reduction of NO could induce GA levels in the control group, but NO could also activate GA biosynthesis upon MeJA treatment. Further results indicated that NR silencing reversed the increased enzymatic activity of NOX to generate ROS due to MeJA induction. Importantly, our results highlight the NR-generated NO functions in signaling crosstalk between reactive oxygen species and MeJA. These results provide a good opportunity to determine the potential pathway linking NO to the ROS signaling pathway in fungi treated with MeJA. KEY POINTS: • MeJA increased the intracellular level of nitric oxide (NO) in G. lucidum. • The increase in GA biosynthesis induced by MeJA is activated by NR-generated NO. • NO acts as a signaling molecule between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and MeJA.

5.
Exp Eye Res ; 201: 108271, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007305

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported that endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) contributes to pathological fibrosis in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). The hypothesis of our study was that exosomes from high glucose (HG)-treated ARPE19 cells reprogram endothelial cell behavior in HG conditions by transferring their genetic contents. Our study showed that ARPE19-derived exosomes were internalized by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Additionally, miR-202-5p, a miRNA known to target TGFßR2, was enriched in ARPE19-derived exosomes. A dual luciferase reporter assay, qPCR, and western blotting were used to characterize the expression of miR-202-5p and phosphorylation of the TGF/Smad pathway proteins. We showed that miR-202-5p-containing exosomes suppressed HUVEC cell growth, migration, and tube formation. Furthermore, TGFßR2 was confirmed as the target of miR-202-5p. A dual luciferase reporter assay showed that TGFßR2 expression was negatively regulated by miR-202-5p. We also showed that miR-202-5p-containing exosomes suppressed HG-induced EndoMT. These collective results suggested that ARPE-derived exosomes may serve as significant mediators of cell-to-cell crosstalk to suppress EndoMT by transferring miR-202-5p through the TGF/Smad pathway, and may be a potential treatment for PDR patients.

6.
Phytomedicine ; 79: 153346, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated mast cell (MC) activation is crucial in multiple allergic diseases. Parkinson disease protein 7 (DJ-1) and Lyn kinase were reported as the receptor-proximal events in IgE receptor (FcεRI) signals in human MC. Kaempferol, a natural flavonol mainly derived from the rhizome of traditional Chinese herb Kaempferia galanga L. (Zingiberaceae), has been known to inhibit allergic reactions, but it was limited to the receptor-distal signals on rat basophilic leukemia cells. A thorough investigation of the inhibitory effects of kaempferol on human MC has not been done. PURPOSE: To investigate the inhibitory effects of kaempferol on IgE-mediated anaphylaxis in vivo and in human MCs, as well as the mechanism underlying its effects, especially the receptor-proximal signals. METHODS: IgE-mediated passive cutaneous anaphylaxis and systemic anaphylaxis model were applied to elucidate the antiallergic activity of kaempferol in vivo. The degranulation assay, calcium imaging, the release of cytokines and chemokines on the laboratory of allergic disease 2 (LAD2) cells were used to evaluate the antiallergic effect of kaempferol in vitro. Western blot analysis was performed to investigate the DJ-1/Lyn signaling pathway and downstream molecules. Kinase activity assay, immunofluorescence, and molecular docking were conducted to confirm the influence of kaempferol on DJ-1/Lyn molecules. RESULTS: Kaempferol dose-dependently attenuated ovalbumin/IgE-induced mice paw swelling, primary MC activation from paw skin, as well as rehabilitated the hypothermia, and reduced the serum concentrations of histamine, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-8, and monocyte chemo-attractant protein-1. Additionally, kaempferol suppressed IgE-mediated LAD2 cell degranulation and calcium fluctuation. Remarkably, kaempferol was found to bind with DJ-1 protein, and initially prevented DJ-1 from translocating to the plasma membrane, thereby inhibited full activation of Lyn, and eventually restrained those receptor-distal signaling molecules, involved Syk, Btk, PLCγ, IP3R, PKC, MAPKs, Akt and NF-κB. CONCLUSION: Kaempferol could be used as a DJ-1 modulator for preventing MC-mediated allergic disorders through attenuating Lyn activation.

7.
Fungal Genet Biol ; 144: 103467, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002606

RESUMO

Tos7 (Yol019w) is a Sur7/PalI family transmembrane protein in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Since the deletion of TOS7 did not affect growth or cell morphology, the cellular roles of Tos7 have not been established previously. Here, we show that high-copy TOS7 expression suppressed the growth defect of the secretion-defective RGA1-C term-overexpressing mutant and sec15-1 mutant. Moreover, Tos7 physically interacted with Boi2 and the Rho GTPase Rho3, two key regulators of exocyst assembly, suggesting that Tos7 plays a role in secretion. We also show that the deletion of TOS7 rendered the cells more sensitive to the cell wall-disrupting agents Congo red and calcofluor white while high-copy TOS7 expression had an opposite effect, suggesting that Tos7 affects cell wall organization. Finally, we show that Tos7 localized to punctate patches on the plasma membrane that were largely co-localized with the plasma membrane microdomains named MCC (membrane compartment of Can1). Together, these results suggest that Tos7 contributes to cell surface-related functions. Tos7 is likely an auxiliary component of MCC/eisosome that specifically interacts with the secretory pathway.

8.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of trap crops can reduce the egg production of female Plutella xylostella in cruciferous vegetables and is an effective method for controlling this pest. To date, most of the trap plants that have been studied are cruciferous plants containing high concentrations of glucosinolates, which are more attractive to P. xylostella female adults. However, the application of these trap plants also has some limitations. Studies have shown that aqueous extracts of cruciferous plants can attract P. xylostella to lay eggs. In this study, we utilized the extract of Chinese kale to treat a non-host plant, the faba bean, and evaluated the possibility of using it as a dead-end trap plant for P. xylostella control. RESULTS: Plutella xylostella females laid significantly more eggs on faba beans that had been sprayed with the extract of Chinese kale rather than on Chinese kale itself. The first instar larvae of P. xylostella failed to survive on faba beans. Notably, the faba beans with the Chinese kale extract had the strongest attraction effect on P. xylostella females when placed 3 m away from the Chinese kale. Moreover, this attraction effect of faba beans on P. xylostella for oviposition lasted for up to 15 days. CONCLUSION: Faba bean plants sprayed with the aqueous extract of Chinese kale represent a potential dead-end trap plant for P. xylostella adults and their oviposition while being invariably deadly for their offspring. The present study provides a new proof of concept of using a non-cruciferous trap plant for P. xylostella management.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047245

RESUMO

To investigate differences in the expression of plasma proteins in immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) and normal control groups, bone marrow samples were collected from 20 active ITP patients and 20 healthy controls. Quantitative proteomics analysis based on mass spectrometry was used to measure the protein levels and understand the protein networks. We found differentially expressed proteins in ITP patients and healthy controls. Parallel reaction monitoring (PRM), a targeted proteome quantification technique, was used to quantitatively confirm the identified target proteins and verify the proteomics data. In this study, a total of 829 proteins were identified, and the fold-change cut-off was set at 1.5 (patients vs controls); a total of 26 proteins were upregulated, and 69 proteins were downregulated. The bioinformatics analysis indicated that some differentially expressed proteins were associated with apoptosis. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the apoptosis-related proteins were closely related to the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway. PRM demonstrated that apoptosis-related proteins were significantly decreased in ITP patients, which further confirmed the important effect of apoptosis on ITP pathogenesis. We hypothesised that apoptosis may be closely related to ITP pathogenesis through the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway.

11.
Regen Med Res ; 8: 2, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paclitaxel, a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent, is usually associated with peripheral neuropathy. Paclitaxel induced peripheral neuropathy (PIPN) can be dose limiting and may have detrimental influence on patients' quality of life. However, the mechanism of PIPN remains unclear. Medicinal herbs and their formulas might offer neuronal protection with their multitarget and integrated benefits in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). Siwei Jianbu decoction (J12) is a classic formula of traditional Chinese medicine which can promote blood circulation and treat diabetic nephropathy in clinical with the symptoms of weakness and pain. METHODS: The effects of J12 were treated in C57BL/6 mice before injected with Paclitaxel.Behaviour studies: Measurement of mechanical hyperalgesia, thermal nociception and cold allodynia. On the last day at the end of week 6, DRGs were obtained from mice for western blot and immunohistochemical analysis containing NF-κB, p-ERK1/2 and p-SAPK/JNK protein expression. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction: mRNA expression of NF-κB, IL-1ß and TNF-α was analyzed. Additionally, the blood samples collected from the eye socket of the mouse were prepared to examine the levels of NF-κB, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß using ELISA assay kits. RESULTS: Hypersensitivity tests and pathology analysis have demonstrated that J12 could improve paclitaxel-induced peripheral pain. J12 acts by inhibiting the activation of (C-Jun N-terminal kinases) JNK, (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) ERK1/2 phosphorylation in (Mitogen-activated protein kinases) MAPK signaling pathway and the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in C57BL/6 mice model, J12 also inhibits the production of inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) and IL-6. CONCLUSION: The present study showed that J12 ameliorates paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathic pain.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(42): e22434, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypopharyngeal and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are the most common double primary tumors with poor prognosis. Intensive work has been made to illuminate the etiology, but the common carcinogenic mechanism remains unclear. Thus, we conducted the study to seek to find the common gene signatures and key functional pathways associated with oncogenesis and treatment in hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC) and ESCC by bioinformatic analysis. METHODS: Three independent datasets (GSE2379, GSE20347, and GSE75241) were screened out from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and the overlapping differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using GEO2R online platform. Subsequently, the Gene Ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways enrichment analysis of DEGs were conducted using database for annotation, visualization and integrated discovery (DAVID). Meanwhile, the protein-protein interaction network (PPI) constructed by search tool for the retrieval of interacting genes (STRING) was visualized using Cytoscape. Afterwards, the most key module and hub genes were extracted from the PPI network using the Molecular Complex Detection plugin. Moreover, the gene expression profiling interactive analysis (GEPIA) was applied to verify the expression differences and conduct the survival analyses of hub genes. Finally, the interaction network of miRNAs and hub genes constructed by encyclopedia of RNA interactomes (ENCORI) was visualized using Cytoscape. RESULTS: A total of 43 DEGs were identified, comprising 25 upregulated genes and 18 downregulated genes, which were mainly involved in the extracellular matrix-receptor interaction, collagen metabolic, epidermis development, cell adhesion, and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways. Subsequently, 12 hub genes were obtained and survival analysis demonstrated SERPINE1 and SPP1 were closely related to poor prognosis of patients with HSCC and ESCC. Finally, hsa-miR-29c-3p, hsa-miR-29a-3p, and hsa-miR-29b-3p were confirmed as the top 3 interactive miRNAs that target the most hub genes according to the interaction network of miRNAs and hub genes. CONCLUSION: The common gene signatures and functional pathways identified in the study may contribute to understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in the carcinogenesis and progression of HSCC and ESCC, and provide potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets.

13.
Neural Plast ; 2020: 8880543, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082779

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a dose-limiting side effect caused by chemotherapy drugs, and its existence seriously affects the quality of life of patients. We first established an oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OIPN) model and then measured and evaluated mechanical hyperalgesia, thermal nociception, cold allodynia, and intraepidermal nerve fiber (IENF) density to determine Siwei Jianbu Decoction's role in preventing OIPN. Then, we conducted a systematic pharmacological study that revealed important roles for the MAPK signaling pathway and proinflammatory immune pathway and confirmed these roles by western blot, immunofluorescence, and qPCR. The data show that Siwei Jianbu Decoction can effectively prevent oxaliplatin-induced neuroinflammation by inhibiting an increase in NF-κB expression via downregulation of p-ERK1/2 and p-p38. The present study showed that SWJB may be beneficial in preventing oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy.

14.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2020: 3649613, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908448

RESUMO

Background: Brain injury is the leading cause of death following cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Ac2-26 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) have been shown to reduce neuroinflammation. This study is aimed at determining the mechanism by which Ac2-26 protects against inflammation during brain injury following CA and CPR. Methods: Sixty-four rats were randomized into sham, saline, Ac2-26, and Ac2-26+L-NIO (endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) inhibitor) groups. Rats received Ac2-26, Ac2-26+L-NIO, or saline after CPR. Neurologic function was assessed at baseline, 24, and 72 hours after CPR. At 72 hours after resuscitation, serum and brain tissues were collected. Results: Blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability increased, and the number of surviving neurons and neurological function decreased in the saline group compared to the sham group. Anti-inflammatory and proinflammatory factors, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels, and the expression of eNOS, phosphorylated (p)-eNOS, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and oxidative stress-related factors in the three CA groups significantly increased (P < 0.05). BBB permeability decreased, and the number of surviving neurons and neurological function increased in the Ac2-26 group compared to the saline group (P < 0.05). Ac2-26 increased anti-inflammatory and reduced proinflammatory markers, raised NSE levels, increased the expression of eNOS and p-eNOS, and reduced the expression of iNOS and oxidative stress-related factors compared to the saline group (P < 0.05). The effect of Ac2-26 on brain injury was reversed by L-NIO (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Ac2-26 reduced brain injury after CPR by inhibiting oxidative stress and neuroinflammation and protecting the BBB. The therapeutic effect of Ac2-26 on brain injury was largely dependent on the eNOS pathway.

15.
J Environ Manage ; 275: 111273, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919155

RESUMO

Nitrogen nutrient salts are considered the major environmental factors (RNH4+-N0.92, RTN0.85) affecting the structure and distribution of denitrogen bacteria. We aimed to investigate the mechanisms by which wetland bacteria adapt to environmental factors in different types of habitats. High-throughput sequencing technology was used to study the microbial community structure of sediments in three wetland habitats [fish ponds, surface flow wetlands (cattails and reeds), and ditches] of the Yongding River, China. The microbial community structure differed across different habitats. Species richness of nitrifying bacteria increased, while that of denitrifying bacteria decreased, with ammonium salt and total nitrogen concentrations increasing from surface flow wetland to ditch wetland. The characteristics of the three habitat types and their distribution in the Yongding River wetland are beneficial to the differential distribution of microbial communities across the wetland, and to the existence and denitrification of different dominant bacteria. Overall, these results help explain the natural filtering function of wetlands.


Assuntos
Rios , Áreas Alagadas , Bactérias , China , Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio/análise
16.
Immunohorizons ; 4(9): 561-572, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958516

RESUMO

Previous studies have demonstrated that transient myocardial ischemia leads to release of cellular nucleic acids such as RNA. Extracellular RNA reportedly plays a pivotal role in myocardial inflammation and ischemic injury in animals. RNA profiling has identified that numerous microRNA (miRNAs), such as ss-miR-146a-5p, are upregulated in plasma following myocardial ischemia, and certain uridine-rich miRNAs exhibit strong proinflammatory effects in immune cells via ssRNA-sensing mechanism. However, the effect of extracellular miRNAs on myocardial inflammation and cardiac cell function remains unknown. In this study, we treated adult mouse cardiomyocytes with miR-146a-5p loaded in extracellular vesicles and observed a dose- and TLR7-dependent production of CXCL-2, IL-6, and TNF-α. In vivo, a single dose of myocardial injection of miR-146a-5p induced both cytokine expression (CXCL2, IL-6, and TNF-α) and innate immune cell activation (CD45+ leukocytes, Ly6Cmid+ monocytes, Ly6G+ neutrophils), which was significantly attenuated in the hearts of TLR7 KO mice. We discovered that conditioned media from miR-146a-treated macrophages stimulated proinflammatory cytokine production in adult cardiomyocytes and significantly inhibited their sarcomere shortening. Finally, using an electric cell impedance-sensing assay, we found that the conditioned media from miR-146a-treated cardiac fibroblasts or cardiomyocytes impaired the barrier function of coronary artery endothelial cells. Taken together, these data demonstrate that extracellular miR-146a-5p activates multiple cardiac cells and induces myocardial inflammation and cardiomyocyte dysfunction via intercellular interaction and innate immune TLR7 nucleic acid sensing.

17.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(5): 636-642, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975077

RESUMO

Objective: To study the neuroprotective effect of inhalation of volatile oil of Cang Ai (VOCA) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model by MRI diffusion tensor imaging. Methods: Twenty-four healthy adult male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model (middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) ) group and VOCA group. Evaluated the degree of neurological impairment of rats in each group immediately after successful establishment of model or 7 d later according to Zea Longa scoring. Coronal diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) scan was performed at 3 h, 3 d, and 7 d after the model successfully established by using 7.0 T magnetic resonance imaging. Measured the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and anisotropy score (FA) of the DTI in the striatal region and the motion flat zone of the maximum infarct level and then calculate the relative apparent diffusion coefficient (rADC) and relative anisotropy score (rFA). TTC staining was used to evaluate the cerebral infarction volume of rats in each group at 7 d post model establishment, and the correlation analysis of rFA, rADC and neural score was performed. Results: No neurological defect was detected in mice in the sham operation group. The MCAO group and the VOCA group showed neurological defect to different degrees. The neurological function score of the VOCA group was obviously lower than that of MCAO group at 7 th day (P<0.05). The DTI scan results showed that the rADC value of striatum of rats in VOCA group was higher than that in MCAO group at 3 h and 3 d after modeling (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between the three groups at 7 th day. The rADC value of the motor cortex in the VOCA group was higher than that in the MCAO group at 3 h after modeling (P<0.01), and there was no significant difference at 3 rdday and 7 thday. The rFA value of striatum in VOCA group was higher than that in MCAO group at 3 rd day and 7 th day after modeling (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in rFA value between the MCAO and the VOCA group at three time points. TTC staining results showed that there was no infarcted area in the sham operation group, and the infarct volume in the VOCA group was smaller than that of the MCAO group (P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed that the striatum rFA value was highly correlated with neurological scores (r=-0.847, P<0.01). Conclusion: For the first time, we found that VOCA can effectively protect the neurological function of MCAO rats by reducing the toxic edema of cells in the ischemic area and accelerating the recovery of nerve fiber bundles after cerebral ischemia and reperfusion. rFA and rADC values can be used as effective indicators to evaluate the recovery of nerve function after cerebral ischemia and reperfusion.

18.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(5): 695-701, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975087

RESUMO

Objective: To establish the method based on high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) with solid phase extraction (SPE) for simultaneous determination of the biological metabolites of aromatic compounds, including N-acetyl-S-phenyl-L-cysteine (SPMA), N-acetyl-S-benzyl-cysteine (SBMA), p-nitrophenol (PNP), methylhippuric acids (MHA), p-Aminophenol (PAP), mandelic acid (MA), phenylglyoxylic acid (PGA) and 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) in urine. Methods: After adding 20 µL of ß-glucuronidase and 1 mL ammonium acetate buffer solution in 1 mL of urine, the sample was digested in a 37 ℃ incubator for 20 h. After digestion, the enzymatic hydrolysate was purified by PRIME HLB solid phase extraction column. The target compounds were eluted with 4 mL of acetonitrile and blown to dryness with nitrogen, reconstituted with 0.20 mL of methanol. Injected the sample solution into LC-MS/MS system for analysis after filtering with 0.22 µm filter membrane. LC separation was carried out on a reversed-phase C18 column (2.1 mm×150 mm, 3.5 µm); gradient eluting was performed at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. The water containing 0.1% formic acid was used as mobile phase A and methanol was used as mobile phase B. The mass spectrometry was performed with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode, using alternating positive and negative ions, and internal standard curves were used for quantification. Results: The eight metabolites showed good linearity within the range of 1-100 ng/mL, with a correlation coefficients greater than 0.995, and the relative precision deviation (RSDs) was 0.050%-9.95%. The method detection limits (MDLs) of the eight target metabolites were 0.041-0.12 ng/mL. The proposed method was used for urine sample analysis and the spiked recoveries were 80.1%-114.0%. Conclusion: The established method is quick, sensitive and accurate; it meets the requirementof the biological monitoring of aromatic compounds for the general population and occupational population.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3974-3980, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893597

RESUMO

A total of 1 392 reports on liver injury associated adverse drug reaction(LI-ADR) related to bone diseases were retrospectively analyzed based on national ADR monitoring system [18.75% of the patients used traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) alone and 68.68% used Western medicine alone]. This kind of cases accounted for 2.5% of all drug-related liver injury adverse reactions, ranking top ten of all drug categories. The number of reported cases and the proportion of serious cases showed an increasing trend from 2012 to 2016. The average age of the patients was(54.2±15.8) years old, and there was little difference in overall gender(male-female 1.04∶1). However, the number of female patients with rheumatoid arthritis was significantly higher than that of male patients(male-female 1∶2.6), while the number of male patients with gout was significantly higher than that of female patients(male-female 7.16∶1). The overall prognosis was good, with the recovery and improvement rate of 85.27%. The time from medication to liver injury varied due to different medicines. The median time to liver injury was 27 days in TCM alone group, later than 11 days in Western me-dicine alone group(P<0.05). Drugs for bone diseases have been one of the important categories for clinical drug-induced liver injury, and the number of reported cases on liver injury caused by drugs for bone diseases is increasing, so we should pay close attention to the safe and rational use of them. The LI-ADRs of male and female were different due to their different diseases, and the latency of adverse reactions in TCM group was generally longer than that in Western medicine group. In clinical medication, liver function should be monitored according to different diseases and characteristics of drugs to prevent the risk of liver injury.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
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