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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(2): 391-397, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645127

RESUMO

This paper aims to solve the problems of complicated-unstable test solution preparation process and insufficient extraction of the active ingredient astragaloside Ⅳ in the legal method for the determination of astragaloside Ⅳ in Astragali Radix. The continuous single-factor analysis of seven main factors affecting the content of astragaloside Ⅳ was carried out by HPLC-ELSD, and then the pre-paration method of test solution was optimized. This optimized method exhibited excellent performance in precision, repeatability and stability. The average recovery rate of astragaloside Ⅳ was 99.65% with RSD 2.2%. Astragaloside Ⅳ showed a good linearity between the logarithm of peak area and the logarithm of injection quantity in the range of 0.46-9.1 µg(r=0.999 6). The contents of astragaloside Ⅳ in 29 batches of Astragali Radix were determined by the new and the legal methods. The results showed that the average content of astragaloside Ⅳ in these Astragali Radix samples determined by the former method was 1.458 times than that of the latter one, indicating the new method was simple, reliable and more adequate to extract target compound. According to the results, it is suggested to improve the content standard of astragaloside Ⅳ in Astragali Radix in the new edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia.

2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 174: 339-351, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529625

RESUMO

Crocin, as one of the biologically active components of saffron, has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-depressant and auxiliary anti-tumor effects. Studies have shown that crocin could promote breast cancer cell apoptosis. However, conventional methods are mainly based on two-dimensional (2D) cell culture models, which are difficult to reproduce the tumor environment in vivo due to space constraints. In this study, we prepared a three-dimensional (3D) cell model in vitro based on sodium alginate/gelatin to evaluate the inhibitory effect of crocin on MCF-7 cells, which could bridge the gap in crocin drug evaluation between 2D and 3D cell model in vitro. Different from the 2D culture, the cells were found to aggregate in a spherical shape in the 3D microgel beads. And the CCK-8 assay showed that the growth of MCF-7 cells exposed to crocin was inhibited in a time-related and concentration-related manner. Compared with 2D culture (IC50 that MCF-7 cells treated with crocin at 24 h, 48 h, 72 h: 3.68, 2.55 and 1.53 mg/mL, respectively), the IC50 value of 3D culture (IC50 that MCF-7 cells treated with crocin at 24 h, 48 h, 72 h: 10.12, 6.89 and 6.64 mg/mL, respectively) was significantly increased by 2.77, 2.70, 4.34 times, respectively. Besides, live/dead staining and scanning electron microscope (SEM) revealed that the 2D cultured cells shrank and ruptured after crocin treatment, and the number of living cells was considerably reduced; the size of the cell colonies in the 3D microgel beads decreased.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 132021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621195

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-specific mortality among Chinese adults with hypertension by sex. This study included 212,394 adult hypertensive patients aged 20-85 years registered in the records of Minhang District during 2007-2018. Cox proportional hazards regression was performed to evaluate the association between BMI and CVD-specific mortality among Chinese adults with hypertension. There were 14,029 deaths over an average of 8.24 years (range, 0.19-11.96 years). The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) across BMI categories (< 18.5 kg/m2, 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 [reference group], 25.0-29.9 kg/m2, and ≥ 30 kg/m2) for CVD-specific mortality were 1.37 (1.22-1.53), 1.00 (reference), 0.95 (0.90-1.01), and 1.21 (1.04-1.40) in males, and 1.44 (1.31-1.59), 1.00 (reference), 0.96 (0.91-1.01), and 1.04 (0.92-1.17) in females. A U-shaped relationship was observed between BMI and CVD-specific mortality (overall association P< 0.001; non-linearity P< 0.001). This association was attenuated in old age. This study revealed a U-shaped relationship between BMI and CVD-specific mortality among hypertensive men and women. In older people, overweight and obesity are potential factors that reduce the risk of CVD death.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528238

RESUMO

Interfacial solar-driven evaporation is a promising path to address the scarcity of freshwater. Lots of efforts have been made to develop highly efficient photothermal materials and optimize operational efficiency. However, the designed solar evaporator tends to directly contact with seawater, leading to inevitable parasitic heat loss and the total suppression of evaporation of the backside. Here, we show a novel draping fabric system by separating the evaporation interface from bulk water. The evaporation area was exposed to air with enhanced natural convection and double-side evaporation. The draping fabric was prepared by coating the mixture of carbon black (CB) and cross-linked sodium alginate (SA) on ramie fabric (CSRF). The draping CSRF realized an evaporation rate of 1.81 kg m-2 h-1 and efficiency of 96.6% under 1 sun illumination (1 kW m-2). In addition, by changing the yarn fineness of the fabric, a tunable water supply can be realized to optimize the energy distribution. This work provides a new strategy to design and optimize the solar evaporation system, exhibiting great potential in real-world applications.

5.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 137: 111308, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Doxorubicin (DOX) is an anthracycline antitumor antibiotic widely utilized in treating various tumors. Nevertheless, the toxicity of DOX toward normal cells limits its applicability, with nephrotoxicity considered a major dose-limiting adverse effect. Apigenin (APG), a flavonoid widely distributed in natural plants, has been reported to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and mild tumor-suppressive properties. In this study, we investigated the role of APG in DOX-induced nephrotoxicity and chemotherapeutic efficacy. METHODS: Male BALB/c mice were administered DOX (11.5 mg/kg) via the tail vein to establish the DOX nephropathy model. After treatment with or without APG (125, 250, and 500 mg/kg) for two weeks, urine, serum, and tissue samples were collected to evaluate proteinuria, serum albumin, serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and pathological changes. Rat renal tubular epithelial cells (NRK52E), murine podocyte cells (MPC5), and murine breast cancer cells (4T1) were utilized to verify the effect of APG on DOX-induced cell injury. An MTT assay was employed to analyze cell viability. Apoptosis was evaluated using a colorimetric TUNEL staining and cleaved caspase-3 protein analysis by western blotting. A reactive oxygen species (ROS)/superoxide (O2-) fluorescence probe was employed to determine oxidative injury. Western blotting was used to analyze nephrin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen I (Col1), fibronectin (FN), and SOD2 expression. The mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-18 (IL-18), IL-6, NACHT, LRR, PYD domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, and IL-1ß were tested by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: APG ameliorated DOX-elicited renal injuries in both the glomeruli and tubules. The DOX + APG groups had much lower tissue MDA, IL-6, TNF-α, NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1ß levels and generation of intracellular ROS, but significantly higher SOD activity and GSH levels compared to those of the DOX group. Additionally, APG attenuated DOX-induced morphological changes, loss of cellular viability, and apoptosis in NRK-52E and MPC-5 cells, but not in 4T1 cells. CONCLUSION: APG has a protective role against DOX-induced nephrotoxicity, without weakening DOX cytotoxicity in malignant tumors. Thus, APG may serve as a potential protective agent against renal injury and inflammatory diseases and may be a promising candidate to attenuate renal toxicity in cancer patients treated with DOX.

6.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469196

RESUMO

Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Various therapeutic failed in the effective treatment of the lung cancer due to their limited accumulation and exposure in tumors. In order to promote the chemotherapeutics delivery to lung tumor, we introduced chitosan oligosaccharide (CSO) modification on the liposomes. CSO conjugated Pluronic P123 polymers with different CSO grafting amounts, called as CP50 and CP20, were synthesized and used to prepare CSO modified liposomes (CP50-LSs and CP20-LSs). CP50-LSs and CP20-LSs displayed significantly enhanced cellular uptake in A549 cells in vitro as well as superior tumor accumulation in vivo compared with non-CSO modified liposomes (P-LSs). This phenomenon was related to the increased affinity between CSO modified liposomes and tumor cells following massive adsorption of collagen, which was highly expressed in lung tumors. In the A549 tumor-bearing mouse model, intravenous injection of paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded CP50-LSs every 3 days for 21 days resulted in optimal antitumor therapeutic performance with an inhibition rate of 86.4%. These results reveal that CSO modification provides promising applicability for nanomedicine design in the lung cancer treatment.

7.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 40-46, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33399496

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The traditional drying method, sun drying, for Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. cv. Hang-ju (Compositae) (HJ) is widely replaced by sulphur fumigation (SF), which has an unknown effect on its efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate protective effects of nonfumigated HJ (NHJ) and sulphur-fumigated HJ (SHJ) water extracts against oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were administered high-fat diet to induce hyperlipidaemia and randomly divided into eight groups (n = 6): control, fenofibrate, NHJ and SHJ extracts (1, 2 or 4 g crude drugs/kg/d; intragastric administration for 8 weeks). Serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were detected. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with NHJ and SHJ extracts (50, 100 or 200 µg/mL) for 24 h, followed by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL, 20 µg/mL) for 2 h in vitro. Cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), SOD and MDA levels and apoptosis were evaluated. RESULTS: NHJ was more effective than SHJ in decreasing serum TG, TC, LDL-C, LDL/HDL and MDA while increasing serum HDL-C and SOD levels at high doses. SHJ (IC50=19.9 mg/mL) suppressed HUVEC growth stronger than NHJ (IC50=186.7 mg/mL). At 200 µg/mL, NHJ was more effective than SHJ in downregulating ROS and MDA levels, reducing HUVECs apoptosis rate and elevating SOD activity in ox-LDL-treated HUVECs. CONCLUSIONS: SF causes oxidative damage and attenuates antioxidative activity in ox-LDL-treated HUVECs, which promotes lipid peroxidation. SF is not recommended for processing HJ.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e24208, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of the education of lifestyle in the type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with microalbuminuria as a part of the enhanced multifactorial intervention. METHODS: This study will be conducted from May 2021 to August 2022 at Ningbo No.6 hospital. The experiment was granted through the Research Ethics Committee of Ningbo No.6 hospital (539D035). The patients will be included if they are between 18 and 65 years old and are diagnosed with T2DM with microalbuminuria and the patients who have signed the written informed consent. While the patients will be excluded if they have serious physical comorbidities and patients who are unwilling to offer the informed consent to take part in this experiment. We measure the clinical examination (fasting blood-glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and routine urine test) timely. Detail of daily dietary intake and lifestyle factors are also recorded. RESULTS: Table 1 reflects the comparison of the biochemical and clinical variables and the lifestyle factors. CONCLUSION: Lifestyle education is effective in facilitating the control of T2DM and reducing microalbuminuria. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: researchregistry6348.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Assunção de Riscos , Albuminúria/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Humanos
9.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 119: 111509, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321605

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine therapy, which can serve as adjuvant therapy for cancer treatment, has no obvious side effects on the human body. Geniposide (GEN), one of the main iridoid glycosides in gardenia fruit, has been widely reported to have anti-cancer effects. In this study, we aimed to inspect whether GEN could inhibit proliferation and promote the apoptosis of human breast cancer cells (MCF-7). In order to better predict the efficacy of GEN, we have prepared the Cs/Gel composite scaffolds by 3D printing technology to mimic the MCF-7 cell growth microenvironment. The prepared Cs/Gel scaffold has good mechanical properties and biocompatibility, which can provide a more accurate platform for drug screening. The semi-inhibitory concentration (IC50) evaluated by CCK-8 assay was 16.06 mg/mL (24 h), 14.85 mg/mL (48 h), and 13.14 mg/mL (72 h). After exposed to GEN for 48 h, the cancer cell survival rate reduced from 69.15 ± 2.86% (13 mg/mL) to 20.97 ± 3.24% (16 mg/mL). Although the inhibitory effect was weaker in the 3D culture system, it also managed to inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis. Besides, Live/Dead staining, Hematoxylin-Eosin (H&E) staining and SEM evaluation were also conducted to estimate the anti-cancer effect of GEN in 2D and 3D cultures. The results indicate that GEN has an anti-cancer effect based on a time- and dose-dependent manner.

10.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 109(2): 201-213, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32761755

RESUMO

The meniscus has complex biomechanical functions endowed by the hierarchical fibrous structure of its extracellular matrix (ECM), which plays a central role in protecting the knee joint. However, it is challenging to recapitulate the ECM structure of the meniscus. Herein, we used electrospinning to prepare various scaffolds with distinct nanofibrous structures to approximate that of the heterogeneous ultrastructure of meniscus ECM. Our results showed that adjusting the deposition manner of nanofibers during electrospinning could effectively manipulate the architectures of resulting scaffolds. This approach led to electrospun scaffolds with random or aligned fibrous structures that reassemble the surface or superficial layers of the meniscus. We also showed that assembly of electrospun nanofibers into yarn-like configurations replicates the circumferentially aligned fibrous bundles of the inner part of the meniscus. These scaffolds exhibited distinct fibrous anisotropies and mechanical properties. In vitro studies indicated good cytocompatibility of scaffolds, especially, the yarn scaffold supported considerable meniscus cell infiltration. The meniscus cells, in turn, enhanced the mechanical properties of scaffolds. Taken together, these data imply that electrospun scaffolds may have potential in enhancing meniscus repair and regeneration.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277980

RESUMO

Fosaprepitant dimeglumine (FD) is a precursor of aprepitant. FD can be metabolized into aprepitant. This randomized, single-center, open, 2-cycle, single-dose, crossover bioequivalence study compared the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of intravenously FD of test and reference products in healthy volunteers (HVs). HVs were assigned to the test group or reference group randomly and given FD intravenously. The plasma concentration of FD and aprepitant was measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. PK parameters were ascertained based on a noncompartmental model. Data for 29 HVs were obtained. The geometric mean and 90% confidence intervals of maximum plasma concentration (Cmax ), area under the concentration-time curve from time 0 to time of last measurable plasma concentration (AUC0-t ), and area from the last datum point to time infinity (AUC0-∞ ) of test and reference groups were 101.69% (95.06%, 108.77%), 103.52% (99.15%, 108.09%), and 105.58% (99.51%, 112.01%), respectively. These 3 parameters were within the acceptance range of 80.0% to 125.00%, and the test product was bioequivalent to the reference product. The coefficient of variation (CV) of Cmax , AUC0-t , and AUC0-∞ was 15.14%, 9.67%, and 11.89%, respectively. Intravenously administered FD provided by 2 sponsors achieved bioequivalence. FD values from test and reference products were bioequivalent. All adverse events were mild and serious adverse events absent in HVs. This study indicated that FD may provide a safer alternative to aprepitant for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.

12.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326609

RESUMO

Associations of coffee and tea consumption with lung cancer risk have been inconsistent, and most lung cancer cases investigated were smokers. Included in this study were over 1.1 million participants from 17 prospective cohorts. Cox regression analyses were conducted to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Potential effect modifications by sex, smoking, race, cancer subtype and coffee type were assessed. After a median 8.6 years of follow-up, 20 280 incident lung cancer cases were identified. Compared with noncoffee and nontea consumption, HRs (95% CIs) associated with exclusive coffee drinkers (≥2 cups/d) among current, former and never smokers were 1.30 (1.15-1.47), 1.49 (1.27-1.74) and 1.35 (1.15-1.58), respectively. Corresponding HRs for exclusive tea drinkers (≥2 cups/d) were 1.16 (1.02-1.32), 1.10 (0.92-1.32) and 1.37 (1.17-1.61). In general, the coffee and tea associations did not differ significantly by sex, race or histologic subtype. Our findings suggest that higher consumption of coffee or tea is associated with increased lung cancer risk. However, these findings should not be assumed to be causal because of the likelihood of residual confounding by smoking, including passive smoking, and change of coffee and tea consumption after study enrolment.

13.
J Int Med Res ; 48(12): 300060520976477, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356722

RESUMO

Considerable attention has been paid to interleukin (IL)-35 because of its immunosuppressive effects in a variety of autoimmune diseases. IL-35, a recently identified cytokine of the IL-12 family, is a negative regulatory factor secreted by IL-35-inducible regulatory T cells (iTr35 cells) and the recently reported regulatory B cells (Breg cells). Four biological effects of IL-35 have been discovered in vitro and in vivo: (i) suppression of T cell proliferation; (ii) conversion of naive T cells into iTr35 cells; (iii) downregulation of type 17 helper T (Th17) cells; and (iv) conversion of Breg cells into a Breg subset that produces IL-35 and IL-10. IL-35 plays an important role in a variety of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, allergic asthma and systemic lupus erythematosus. Primary immune thrombocytopaenia (ITP), which is characterized by isolated thrombocytopaenia and mild mucocutaneous to life-threatening bleeding, is an autoimmune disease with complex dysregulation of the immune system. Both antibody-mediated and/or T cell-mediated platelet destruction are key processes. In addition, impairment of T cells and cytokine imbalances have now been recognized to be important. This review summarizes the immunomodulatory effects of IL-35 and its role in the pathogenesis of ITP as mediated by T and B cells.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162028

RESUMO

Glioma is the most typical malignant brain tumor, and the chemotherapy to glioma is limited by poor permeability for crossing blood-brain-barrier (BBB) and insufficient availability. In this study, angiopep-2 modified lipid-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticle loading paclitaxel (ANG-LP-MSN-PTX) was developed to transport paclitaxel (PTX) across BBB mediated by low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1), which is over-expressed on both BBB and glioma cells. ANG-LP-MSN-PTX was characterized with homogeneous hydrodynamic size, high drug loading capacity (11.08%) and a sustained release. In vitro experiments demonstrated that the targeting efficiency of PTX was enhanced by ANG-LP-MSN-PTX with higher penetration ability (10.74%) and causing more C6 cell apoptosis. ANG-LP-MSN-PTX (20.6%) revealed higher targeting efficiency compared with LP-MSN-PTX (10.6%) via blood and intracerebral microdialysis method in the pharmacokinetic study. The therapy of intracranial C6 glioma bearing rats was increasingly efficient, and ANG-LP-MSN-PTX could prolong the survival time of model rats. Taken together, ANG-LP-MSN-PTX might hold great promise as a targeting delivery system for glioma treatment.

15.
Thromb Res ; 194: 222-228, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213847

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an acquired autoimmune disease of unknown aetiology. In this study, we aimed to identify the mutations and aberrant expression of mucins associated with ITP pathogenesis. METHODS: First, we investigated the DNA mutation profile of bone marrow samples from patients with ITP (n = 20) by using next-generation sequencing (NGS). In addition, MUC3A, MUC5B and MUC6 were mutated in all patients with ITP. ELISA (enzyme-linked immunoassay) was used to measure MUC3A, MUC5B and MUC6 levels in the plasma of bone marrow fluid mononuclear cells (BMMCs) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Real-time quantitative PCR was used to study the mRNA expression levels of MUC3A, MUC5B and MUC6 in BMMCs and PBMCs. RESULTS: The results indicated that there were 3998 missense mutations involving 2269 genes in more than 10 individuals. MUC3A levels were not significantly different among the three groups, whereas MUC5B and MUC6 expression were significantly down-regulated in patients with ITP compared with healthy controls. In addition, serum MUC5B and MUC6 levels were significantly higher in patients with ITP in clinical remission than in patients with active ITP. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these results suggest that genetic alterations and the aberrant serum expression of mucins might be involved in the pathogenesis of ITP.

16.
Scand J Immunol ; : e12992, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140452

RESUMO

Autophagy is a highly conserved protein degradation pathway that is essential for affecting some autoimmune diseases. Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a common autoimmune disorder, and the complex dysregulation of cellular immunity has been observed; however, the relationship between autophagy-related proteins and immune responses in ITP remains unclear. Using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), the mRNA expression levels of Beclin-1, SQSTM1/p62 and LC3 were measured in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 20 newly diagnosed patients with active ITP, 16 ITP patients in remission and 21 healthy volunteers. The stained Beclin-1 and SQSTM1/p62 proteins were also observed in the bone marrow of active ITP patients and normal controls by immunofluorescence. SQSTM1/p62 mRNA expression in PBMCs in newly diagnosed patients was significantly decreased. At the same time, Beclin-1 mRNA was increased significantly. During the remission stages, the levels of these autophagy-related proteins were comparable with those observed in healthy controls. Taken together, these results suggest that the aberrant expression of autophagy-related proteins might be involved in the pathogenesis of ITP. Further study of the autophagy pathway may provide a new strategy and direction for the treatment of ITP.

17.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 31(8): 543-550, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141778

RESUMO

: The occurrence and development of primary immune thrombocytopenia is closely related to autoimmune imbalanced. Thus, we conducted the current study to investigate the modulation of IL-35, a newly identified immunological self-tolerance factor on immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). We were enrolled peripheral blood in 21 adult healthy volunteers, 21 active primary ITP patients and 16 ITP patients in remission. In the same period, bone marrow plasma was drawn from active primary ITP patients and 16 bone marrow donors. Enzyme-linked immunoassay was used to measure IL-35 levels in bone marrow mononuclear cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to study the mRNA expression levels of p35, Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 in bone marrow mononuclear cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Compared with the normal group, IL-35 levels of in ITP patients were decreased significantly. IL-35 level in bone marrow plasma was decreased more significantly than that in peripheral blood plasma at the same stage. The results showed that plasma IL-35 levels were significantly decreased in patients with active ITP compared with those of control individuals, and IL-35 levels in bone marrow plasma were decreased more significantly compared with those at the same stage. The pathogenesis of ITP is associated with decreased IL-35 levels. Further studies are needed to expand sample content and explore more in-depth investigate a possible role of IL-35 in the pathogenesis and course of ITP.

18.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 171: 108552, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term glycemic variation in diabetes patients may have contributed to cancer incidence. AIM: In this study we aimed at the association between annual glycemic variation and the risk of cancer in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Subjects of this study were from an established population-based cohort of T2DM patients in Minhang District of Shanghai, China. Incident cancer were obtained from the Shanghai Cancer Registry. Glycemic variation was evaluated using the annual fasting glucose coefficient of variation (FG-CV), which was used as a time-dependent variable in a Cox regression model to estimate the associations with the cancer risk. Restricted cubic splines were used to explore potential non-linear associations. RESULTS: A total of 2,140 incident cancers (1100 men and 1040 women) were identified from the 46,202 diabetes patients during 12-year follow-up. The annual FG-CV remained significantly associated with an increased risk of cancer, even after adjusting for the annual mean FG level. A significant non-linear association was found in male T2DM patients, and a significant linear association in female patients. CONCLUSIONS: The positive association of the annual FG-CV with the risk of cancer in T2DM patients indicate the importance to stabilize the FG level.

19.
J Infect Dis ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083826

RESUMO

It is critical to identify potential causal targets for SARS-coronavirus 2, which may guide drug repurposing options. We assessed the associations between genetically predicted protein levels and COVID-19 severity. Leveraging data from The COVID-19 host genetics initiative comparing 6,492 hospitalized COVID-19 patients and 1,012,809 controls, we identified 18 proteins with genetically predicted levels to be associated with COVID-19 severity at a false discovery rate of <0.05, including 12 that showed an association even after Bonferroni correction. Of the 18 proteins, six showed positive associations and 12 showed inverse associations. In conclusion, we identified 18 candidate proteins for COVID-19 severity.

20.
Brief Bioinform ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059369

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) integrating into human genome is the main cause of cervical carcinogenesis. HPV integration selection preference shows strong dependence on local genomic environment. Due to this theory, it is possible to predict HPV integration sites. However, a published bioinformatic tool is not available to date. Thus, we developed an attention-based deep learning model DeepHPV to predict HPV integration sites by learning environment features automatically. In total, 3608 known HPV integration sites were applied to train the model, and 584 reviewed HPV integration sites were used as the testing dataset. DeepHPV showed an area under the receiver-operating characteristic (AUROC) of 0.6336 and an area under the precision recall (AUPR) of 0.5670. Adding RepeatMasker and TCGA Pan Cancer peaks improved the model performance to 0.8464 and 0.8501 in AUROC and 0.7985 and 0.8106 in AUPR, respectively. Next, we tested these trained models on independent database VISDB and found the model adding TCGA Pan Cancer performed better (AUROC: 0.7175, AUPR: 0.6284) than the model adding RepeatMasker peaks (AUROC: 0.6102, AUPR: 0.5577). Moreover, we introduced attention mechanism in DeepHPV and enriched the transcription factor binding sites including BHLHA15, CHR, COUP-TFII, DMRTA2, E2A, HIC1, INR, NPAS, Nr5a2, RARa, SCL, Snail1, Sox10, Sox3, Sox4, Sox6, STAT6, Tbet, Tbx5, TEAD, Tgif2, ZNF189, ZNF416 near attention intensive sites. Together, DeepHPV is a robust and explainable deep learning model, providing new insights into HPV integration preference and mechanism. Availability: DeepHPV is available as an open-source software and can be downloaded from https://github.com/JiuxingLiang/DeepHPV.git, Contact: huzheng1998@163.com, liangjiuxing@m.scnu.edu.cn, lizheyzy@163.com.

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