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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(3): 218-223, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455149

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prognostic factors of severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) and the predictive value of serum translocator protein (TSPO) combined with the reverse shock index multiplied by Glasgow coma scale score (rSIG). Methods: A total of 104 patients with sTBI treated in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from June 2017 to June 2019 were enrolled and divided into two groups according to their 90-day prognosis evaluated by Glasgow prognosis score (GOS): 61 cases in good prognosis group, including 42 males and 19 females, the average age was (52.6±4.1) years; 43 cases in poor prognosis group, including 32 males and 11 females, the average age was (53.2±4.4) years. The clinical data, rSIG and serum TSPO levels were compared between the two groups. The prognostic factors were analyzed by the univariate analysis and logistic regression model, and the predictive value of rSIG combined with serum TSPO was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: The time from injury to recovery, dilated pupils on admission, blood glucose level, serum TSPO level, CT midline shift ≥5 mm, cerebral herniation and postoperative complications were independent risk factors associated with the prognosis of sTBI patients, while the rSIG was protective factor associated with the prognosis of sTBI patients (all P<0.05). The average value of rSIG in the good prognosis group was significantly higher than that in the poor prognosis group (11.6±3.2 vs 6.6±2.0, t=9.021, P<0.05). The average serum level of TSPO in the good prognosis group was lower than that in the poor prognosis group ((1.3±0.3) vs (3.1±1.1) µg/L, t=12.350, P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of the combination of rSIG value and TSPO level for predicting the poor prognosis of sTBI patients was 0.920 (95%CI: 0.808-0.978), which was significantly higher than that of rSIG or TSPO alone (both P<0.05). The overall sensitivity and the specificity of the combination were 80.0% and 92.0%, respectively. The rSIG value and serum TSPO level was significantly negatively correlated in sTBI patients (r=-0.439, P<0.05). Conclusions: sTBI patients who show a low rSIG value and high expression of serum TSPO tend to have bad prognosis. The combined application of rSIG and serum TSPO can effectively predict the poor prognosis in sTBI patients.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Choque , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptores de GABA , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
BJOG ; 128(1): 14-23, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32426903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of mesh is controversial in the treatment of female pelvic organ prolapse. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the outcomes of sacrocolpopexy compared with transvaginal mesh surgery and to provide evidence-based suggestions. SEARCH STRATEGY: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and clinicaltrials.gov databases were searched on 21 November 2018. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials and prospective and retrospective cohort studies were included. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Data were extracted by one reviewer and examined by a second reviewer for accuracy. Odds ratios and 95% CI were calculated using random-effects models. MAIN RESULTS: Twenty comparative studies were included. The meta-analysis was performed with subgroups. The summary odds ratios of the randomised controlled group were 1.84 (95% CI 0.79-4.29, I2  = 75%) for anatomical success, 1.41 (95% CI 0.47-4.24, I2  = 38%) for subjective success, 0.42 (95% CI 0.18-0.98, I2  = 0%) for mesh complications, 0.61 (95% CI 0.20-1.91, I2  = 0%) for prolapse reoperation and 0.44 (95% CI 0.23-0.88, I2  = 0%) for de novo dyspareunia. The mean differences were 0.77 (95% CI 0.31-1.23, I2  = 66%) for total vaginal length and -1.28 (95% CI -2.00 to -0.55, I2  = 66%) for point C after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Very-low-quality evidence indicated that the anatomical and subjective success rates of sacrocolpopexy were similar to those of transvaginal mesh surgery; sacrocolpopexy might be more beneficial than transvaginal mesh surgery in terms of mesh-related complication rates, prolapse recurrence and de novo dyspareunia. However, additional high-quality randomised trials with long-term follow-up durations are needed. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Sacrocolpopexy is beneficial after surgical anatomical changes and has decreased rates of mesh-related complications and dyspareunia.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Telas Cirúrgicas , Técnicas de Sutura
3.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e289, 2020 12 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292874

RESUMO

An acute gastroenteritis (AGE) outbreak caused by a norovirus occurred at a hospital in Shanghai, China, was studied for molecular epidemiology, host susceptibility and serological roles. Rectal and environmental swabs, paired serum samples and saliva specimens were collected. Pathogens were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing. Histo-blood group antigens (HBGA) phenotypes of saliva samples and their binding to norovirus protruding proteins were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The HBGA-binding interfaces and the surrounding region were analysed by the MegAlign program of DNAstar 7.1. Twenty-seven individuals in two care units were attacked with AGE at attack rates of 9.02 and 11.68%. Eighteen (78.2%) symptomatic and five (38.4%) asymptomatic individuals were GII.6/b norovirus positive. Saliva-based HBGA phenotyping showed that all symptomatic and asymptomatic cases belonged to A, B, AB or O secretors. Only four (16.7%) out of the 24 tested serum samples showed low blockade activity against HBGA-norovirus binding at the acute phase, whereas 11 (45.8%) samples at the convalescence stage showed seroconversion of such blockade. Specific blockade antibody in the population played an essential role in this norovirus epidemic. A wide HBGA-binding spectrum of GII.6 supports a need for continuous health attention and surveillance in different settings.

4.
Drugs Today (Barc) ; 56(12): 781-785, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332484

RESUMO

Classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL) is an unusual lymphoid neoplasm, and nearly 50% of patients still relapse after standard therapy. Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) signaling plays a vital role in the progression of cHL. Anti-PD-1 antibodies such as nivolumab and pembrolizumab have thus been approved to treat relapsed/refractory (R/R) cHL. Tislelizumab is a humanized IgG4 monoclonal anti- PD-1 antibody. In contrast to other anti-PD-1 antibodies, the Fc fragment of tislelizumab was engineered to improve the efficacy of PD-1 antibody to a certain extent. In the phase II, open-label, single-arm, multicenter study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT03209973), tislelizumab proved its efficacy and safety as a new PD-1 inhibitor to treat Chinese patients with R/R cHL, with a high overall response rate of 87.1% including complete response in 62.9% enrolled patients. Both the median progression-free survival and the median duration of overall response were not reached. In this monograph, we have reviewed the main preclinical and clinical findings in the study of tislelizumab for the treatment of R/R cHL.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin , Linfoma , Nivolumabe/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
5.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(6): 584-590, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize Torso-like (tsl) gene and investigate its expression characteristics in Anopheles dirus, so as to provide a theoretical basis for subsequent functional studies of the tsl gene. METHODS: According to the coding sequences of Drosophila melanogaster and An. gambiae tsl genes, the complete genome of An. dirus was retrieved and the An. dirus tsl gene was characterized. Specific primers were designed and the target gene was amplified using PCR and reverse-transcription PCR assays. The physicochemical properties, signal peptide, transmembrane structure, secondary structure and tertiary structure of the encoded protein TSL were analyzed using bioinformatics tools, and a phylogenetic analysis was performed. In addition, the specific expression of the tls gene was detected in various tissues of An. dirus using a quantitative real-time PCR assay. RESULTS: The An. dirus tsl gene was 16 751 bp in length with a CDS region of 1 134 bp, encoding 377 amino acids, and the encoded TSL protein was a stably hydrophilic protein. The TSL protein was predicted to be a secretory protein that was located in extra-membrane regions containing signal peptides. The secondary structure of the TSL protein contained α-helix (51.72%), extended strand (12.20%), ß-bridge (4.78%) and random coil (31.30%) in the secondary structure, and a 3D homology model was generated using 5cj9.1.A as a template. Phylogenetic analysis revealed a close genetic relationship in the TSL protein between An. dirus and An. farauti. In addition, quantitative real-time PCR assay detected the tsl gene expression in the head, chest, abdomen and foot of An. dirus, with the highest expression in the head and low expression in the foot. CONCLUSIONS: The tsl gene is characterized in An. dirus at a genomic level, and the prediction of the TSL protein structure and the elucidation of the tissue-specific tsl gene expression in An. dirus provide a basis for the further studies on the gene functions.


Assuntos
Anopheles , Genes de Insetos , Animais , Anopheles/genética , Sequência de Bases , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Drosophila melanogaster , Filogenia , Conformação Proteica
6.
Adv Drug Deliv Rev ; 169: 79-99, 2020 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321154

RESUMO

Brain metastasis is emerging as a unique entity in oncology based on its particular biology and, consequently, the pharmacological approaches that should be considered. We discuss the current state of modelling this specific progression of cancer and how these experimental models have been used to test multiple pharmacologic strategies over the years. In spite of pre-clinical evidences demonstrating brain metastasis vulnerabilities, many clinical trials have excluded patients with brain metastasis. Fortunately, this trend is getting to an end given the increasing importance of secondary brain tumors in the clinic and a better knowledge of the underlying biology. We discuss emerging trends and unsolved issues that will shape how we will study experimental brain metastasis in the years to come.

7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(22): 11628-11638, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33275230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Dysregulation of numerous oncogenes and their downstream signaling pathways, among others in the signaling transduction molecule p-CREB-1 (p-cAMP responsive element binding protein-1), is an essential feature of different types of cancer. To investigate whether p-CREB-1 is also pivotal in tumorigenesis and metastogenesis of breast cancer, we conducted a prospective study with long-term follow-up on 96 patients with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pathway array and tissue microarray (TMA) were used to detect the differential expression of CREB (cAMP-responsive element binding protein) and p-CREB-1 in breast cancer cells, breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), human breast cancer tissues (BCTs), and adjacent normal tissues (ANTs). The associations between p-CREB-1 expression, clinicopathological variables, and survival rates of the patients were analyzed and calculated. RESULTS: Our results revealed that p-CREB-1 and CREB expression in cancerous cell lines and tissues were significantly upregulated compared with non-cancerous cell lines and tissues. Most statistically significant overexpression was detected in BCSCs (p<0.01). In TMA and immunohistochemical analyses, BCTs exhibited significantly higher expression of p-CREB-1 and CREB than ANTs (p<0.001). Clinicopathological variable and survival analysis revealed a correlation between high expression (++/+++) of p-CREB-1 and the presence of axillary lymph node metastasis (p<0.05) and poorer disease-free and overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: p-CREB-1 is a potential predictive and prognostic biomarker and a promising therapeutic target in breast cancer.

8.
Opt Lett ; 45(24): 6671-6674, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325867

RESUMO

The design and fabrication of a vertically stacked red-green-blue (RGB) light-emitting diode (LED) with novel, to the best of our knowledge, wavelength-selective distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) are demonstrated. The two DBRs are optimized to achieve selective reflectance in the RGB spectral region through theoretical calculations and simulation modeling. The insertion of optimal DBRs into the stack structure can effectively reflect downward emission from the upper chip without filtering the emission from the lower chips, thereby increasing the luminous efficiency for white emission with a color temperature range of 3000-8000 K by 1.6-7.4%. The optical performances of stacked devices with and without DBRs are thoroughly studied, verifying the effectiveness of the proposed wavelength-selective DBR structure.

9.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 38(10): 782-786, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142389

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the applicability of different exposure assessment methods in occupational health risk assessment of trichloroethylene (TCE) occupation posts in electroplating enterprise. Methods: In November 2018, the occupational health risk assessments are conducted in trichloroethylene (TCE) occupation posts of 6 metal plating enterprises in a street in Shenzhen by using the qualitative risk assessment, semi-quantitative risk assessment (including contact ratio method, contact index method and synthesis index method) and quantitative risk assessment method (including non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risk assessment methods) , and the results of different methods are compared. Results: The results of qualitative assessment method are all level 4 (high risk) ; the results of contact ratio method show that the risk level is level 5 (very high risk) ; the results of contact index method and Synthesis index method show that the risk level is level 3 and level 4, 66.7% and 33.3% respectively; Non-carcinogenic risk assessment results show that TCE jobs are "unacceptable"; carcinogenic risk assessment results in carcinogenic inhalation excess risk of 50% each being "unacceptable" and "acceptable". The results of the six risk assessment methods showed that there were 3 "substantially consistent", 1 "partially consistent", and 2 "inconsistent" among the 6 companies. Conclusion: Synthesis index method and the carcinogenic risk assessment method are more suitable for occupational health risks of TCE occupation posts.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Tricloroetileno , Galvanoplastia , Medição de Risco
10.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(11): 770-777, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228348

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, etiology, and prognosis of sepsis during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Methods: Sixty-eight pregnant women with maternal sepsis treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1997 to December 2019 were collected, and divided into obstetric infection group (30 cases) and non-obstetric infection group (38 cases) according to different infection sources. Clinical manifestations, types of infection sources, microbiological characteristics, treatment and outcomes were studied and analyzed. Results: (1) General conditions and clinical features: sepsis occurrence rate was 57% (39/68) and 43% (29/68) in prenatal and postpartum period, repectively. Statistical analysis showed that incidence of respiratory, renal, liver and coagulation dysfunction in non-obstetric infection group were significantly higher than those in obstetric infection group, and multiple organ dysfunction, cardiac arrest and blood lactate≥4 mmol/L were more common (all P<0.05). Sequential organ failure score in non-obstetric infection group was also significantly higher than that in obstetric infection group (P<0.05). (2) Types of infection sources and microbiological characteristics: the most common maternal sepsis was genital tract sepsis (37%, 25/68). Chorioamnionitis was the most common cause in obstetric sepsis (40%, 12/30), while intra-abdominal infection was the most common cause in non-obstetric sepsis (34%, 13/38). Thirty-seven patients (54%, 37/68) were diagnosed as bloodstream infection (BSI). Gram-negative bacteremia accounted for 70% (26/37), the most common pathogen of which was Escherichia coli. BSI was most commonly secondary to a genital tract infection (65%, 17/26). (3) Treatment: the ICU hospitalization rates and the utilization rate of mechanical ventilation and vasoactive agents in non-obstetric group were higher than those in obstetric group with significant differences (all P<0.05). Thirty-two patients (47%, 32/68) underwent surgery to remove the infection sources, including 5 cases of hysterectomy. (4) Prognosis: the case fatality rate of maternal sepsis was 19% (13/68), which was significantly higher in the non-obstetric infection group (29%,11/38) compared with the obstetric infection group (7%,2/30; P=0.020). The time from diagnosis of sepsis to termination of pregnancy was (5.5±8.6) days in prenatal women, and time in obstetric infection group [(1.9±2.2) days] was significantly less than that of non-obstetric infection group [(7.7±10.3) days, P=0.029]. Adverse pregnancy outcomes were higher in the first and second trimester (72%, 18/25) than in the third trimester (21%, 3/14), and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.002). Conclusions: Sepsis during pregnancy and the postpartum period is a potentially life-threatening disease. Pregnant women with non-obstetric sepsis have more complications, more serious condition and worse prognosis than those with obstetric infection. Timely detection of risk factors, early identification and active treatment are helpful to improve maternal and fetal prognosis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/epidemiologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Sepse/microbiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Corioamnionite/epidemiologia , Feminino , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Hospitalização , Humanos , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Infecções do Sistema Genital/microbiologia , Infecções do Sistema Genital/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/epidemiologia
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(21): 11052-11057, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215420

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ring finger protein 6 (RNF6) has been identified to be associated with the progression of colorectal cancer, gastric cancer and breast cancer. Its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, remains largely unclear. This study aims to illustrate the prognostic potential of RNF6 in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 162 eligible NAFLD-HCC patients treated in our hospital from May 2017 to May 2019 were recruited. RNF levels in the collected tumor tissues and paracancerous tissues were detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Then, the influences of RNF6 on overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) in NAFLD-HCC patients were explored. Potential clinical factors for the prognosis in NAFLD-HCC were finally analyzed. RESULTS: RNF6 was upregulated in NAFLD-HCC tissues. Highly expressed RNF6 at both mRNA and protein levels predicted poor OS and RFS in NAFLD-HCC. RNF6 level, metastasis, tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging, and tumor grade were correlated with the prognosis in NAFLD-HCC. CONCLUSIONS: Great effects have been made on improving the diagnostic rate. Here, highly expressed RNF6 was unfavorable to OS and RFS in NAFLD-HCC. As a result, RNF6 not only contributed to the diagnosis of NAFLD-HCC, but also predicted its prognosis and recurrence.

12.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 885-890, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171563

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the changes of peri-implant tissue around the individualized abutment that was grinded from zirconia provisional crown in one year. Methods: In this research, a prosthodontic-driven virtual implant planning and immediate provisionalization were conducted in computer assisted design software. And computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) techniques were used to fabricate the zirconia provisional crown and surgical guide template before surgery. The implant was accurately placed with the surgical guide, and the zirconia provisional crown was immediately delivered after surgery. Three months later, the implant osseointegration was completed, and zirconia provisional crown was prepared intraorally to generate customized zirconia abutment for final prosthesis. The study included 30 patients with single anterior tooth loss, including 18 males and 12 females, aged from 26 to 50 years old, and the mean age was (36.2±6.1) years old. The patients were from the Center of Oral Implantology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical College from January 2017 to February 2018. After cementation of the final prosthesis, the cases were followed up at 6 and 12 months time intervals. Implant survival rate, probing depth, bleeding on probing, marginal bone level loss and papilla index score (PIS) were recorded in every appointment. Results: The survival rate of 30 implants was 100%, and the probing depths were less than 5 mm. The bone resorption at 6 and 12 months follow-up after the final delivery was 0 (0, 0) mm and 0 (-0.2, 0) mm, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The PIS was 3.0 (2.0, 4.0), 3.0 (2.8, 4.0) and 3.0 (3.0, 4.0) on the final delivery, 6 and 12 months after final delivery, respectively. Conclusions: Marginal bone level and bone loss were stable with this new implant clinical protocol at the one-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Adulto , Coroas , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Zircônio
13.
Zootaxa ; 4852(5): zootaxa.4852.5.7, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056399

RESUMO

A new species of Neocerambyx Thomson, 1860 is described, N. guangxiensis sp. nov., from Guangxi, China. The description and photographs of adult habitus and male genitalia of this new species are provided.


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , China , Genitália Masculina , Masculino
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(19): 9908-9914, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090394

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to play critical roles in tumorigenesis of bladder cancer (BC). Our research aimed to explore the underlying mechanisms of lncRNA prostate cancer-associated transcript 6 (PCAT6) in BC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Real Time-quantitative Polymerase Chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to measure the levels of PCAT6 and miR-513a in BC tissues and cells. The Kaplan-Meier analysis was utilized to evaluate the overall survival time of BC patients. Besides, cell viability was detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Cell migration and invasion were evaluated by wound healing and transwell assays. Furthermore, starBase and Dual-Luciferase reporter assay were used to determine the interaction between PCAT6 and miR-513a in BC cells. RESULTS: PCAT6 expression was upregulated, while miR-513a was downregulated in BC tissues and cell lines. BC patients with high expression of PCAT6 exhibited a shorter overall survival time compared with those patients with low expression of PCAT6. Moreover, PCAT6 knockdown notably suppressed cell progression. In addition, PCAT6 inhibited miR-513a expression through direct interaction, and the silencing of PCAT6 remarkably increased the expression of miR-513a. Finally, the knockdown of miR-513a partly abolished PCAT6 silencing-induced inhibitory effects on BC progression. CONCLUSIONS: Our study illustrated that PCAT6 knockdown inhibited cell progression of BC by regulating miR-513a, suggesting that PCAT6 might act as a prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for BC patients.

15.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(10): 768-773, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059420

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of modified conjunctival transplantation and amniotic membrane transplantation combined with use of interferon (IFN) alpha-2b eye drops in the treatment of primary pterygium. Methods: This was a prospective case-control study. Patients with primary pterygium were treated from June 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018 in the Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, and they were divided into two groups (the experimental group and the control group) by the method of randomized block design. Patients in the experimental group received modified conjunctival transplantation and amniotic membrane transplantation combined with use of IFN alpha-2b eye drops, while patients in the control group received pterygium resection combined with conjunctival autograft transplantation. The pterygium type and size were observed before operation, while visual acuity, intraocular pressure and anterior segment details were recorded either. The follow-up was done at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after operation. The visual acuity, corneal epithelial defect, and pterygium recurrence were observed. All data in this manuscript are enumeration data, the expected frequency of pterygium type distribution in the two groups was more than 5, and the chi square test was used, fisher's exact test was used to compare the other data between the two groups. Results: Seventy patients (77 eyes) with pterygium were in this study, including 30 males and 40 females, aged from 50-70 years old. There were 35 cases (38 eyes) in the experimental group and 35 cases (39 eyes) in the control group. 12 months after operation there were 54 cases (60 eyes) including 28 cases (30 eyes) in the experimental group and 26 cases (30 eyes) in the control group with complete data. The corneal epithelium defects of 1 eye in each group was repaired within 7-14 days after operation, and the rest eyes were completely repaired within 7 days after operation. There was no significant difference in the distribution of corneal epithelial healing between the two groups (P= 1.00). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the number of eyes distribute with decreased visual acuity (2 eyes in each group), stable visual acuity (15 eyes in the experimental group and 23 eyes in the control group), and improved visual acuity (13 eyes in the experimental group and 5 eyes in the control group) (P=0.053). There was no recurrence in the two groups at 12 months after surgery, and there was no significant difference between the two groups in the number of patients with conjunctival hyperplasia of grades 1, 2 and 3 (P=0.405). Conclusions: Modified conjunctival transplantation and amniotic membrane transplantation combined with use of IFN alpha-2b eye drops got low recurrence rate for primary pterygium and less damage to the healthy conjunctival tissue. This combined treatment strategy provides a new choice for the treatment of pterygium. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 768-773).


Assuntos
Âmnio , Interferon alfa-2 , Pterígio , Idoso , Âmnio/transplante , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Interferon alfa-2/uso terapêutico , Interferons , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Soluções Oftálmicas , Estudos Prospectivos , Pterígio/tratamento farmacológico , Pterígio/cirurgia
16.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239890, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064719

RESUMO

Mushroom-forming fungi are complex multicellular organisms that form the basis of a large industry, yet, our understanding of the mechanisms of mushroom development and its responses to various stresses remains limited. The winter mushroom (Flammulina filiformis) is cultivated at a large commercial scale in East Asia and is a species with a preference for low temperatures. This study investigated fruiting body development in F. filiformis by comparing transcriptomes of 4 developmental stages, and compared the developmental genes to a 200-genome dataset to identify conserved genes involved in fruiting body development, and examined the response of heat sensitive and -resistant strains to heat stress. Our data revealed widely conserved genes involved in primordium development of F. filiformis, many of which originated before the emergence of the Agaricomycetes, indicating co-option for complex multicellularity during evolution. We also revealed several notable fruiting-specific genes, including the genes with conserved stipe-specific expression patterns and the others which related to sexual development, water absorption, basidium formation and sporulation, among others. Comparative analysis revealed that heat stress induced more genes in the heat resistant strain (M1) than in the heat sensitive one (XR). Of particular importance are the hsp70, hsp90 and fes1 genes, which may facilitate the adjustment to heat stress in the early stages of fruiting body development. These data highlighted novel genes involved in complex multicellular development in fungi and aid further studies on gene function and efforts to improve the productivity and heat tolerance in mushroom-forming fungi.


Assuntos
Agaricales/genética , Evolução Molecular , Carpóforos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Transcriptoma , Agaricales/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Agaricales/metabolismo , Sequência Conservada , Carpóforos/genética , Carpóforos/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo
17.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989911

RESUMO

The Cadmium (Cd)-polluted soils are is an increasing concern worldwide. Phytoextraction of Cd pollutants by high biomass plants, such as sweet sorghum, is considered an environmentally-friendly, cost-effective and sustainable strategy for remediating this problem. Nitrogen (N) is a macronutrient essential for plant growth, development and stress resistance. Nevertheless, how nitrate, as an important form of N, affects Cd uptake, translocation and accumulation in sweet sorghum is still unclear. In the present study, a series of nitrate levels (N1, 0.5 mm; N2, 2 mm; N3, 4 mm; N4, 8 mm and N5, 16 mm) with or without added 5 µm CdCl2 treatment in sweet sorghum was investigated hydroponically. The results indicate that Cd accumulation in the aboveground parts of sweet sorghum was enhanced by optimum nitrate supply, resulting from both increased dry weight and Cd concentration. Although root-to-shoot Cd translocation was not enhanced by increased nitrate, some Cd was transferred from cell walls to vacuoles in leaves. Intriguingly, expression levels of Cd uptake and transport genes, SbNramp1, SbNramp5 and SbHMA3, were not closely related to increased Cd as affected by nitrate supply. The expression of SbNRT1.1B in relation to nitrate transport showed an inverted 'U' shape with increasing nitrate levels under Cd stress, which was in agreement with trends in Cd concentration changes in aboveground tissues. Based on the aforementioned results, nitrate might regulate Cd uptake and accumulation through expression of SbNRT1.1B rather than SbNramp1, SbNramp5 or SbHMA3, the well-documented genes related to Cd uptake and transport in sweet sorghum.

18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(37): 2908-2912, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993249

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of modified Oxford grading scale (MOS) and pelvic floor surface electromyography (sEMG) based on Glazer protocol in patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and analyze the correlation between the two methods. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey. A total of 212 subjects in May 2019 were enrolled and divided into SUI group (n=61) and non-SUI group (n=151) based on the commonly used 3 incontinence questions (3IQ). MOS test and sEMG parameters were measured by the same rehabilitator. The sEMG parameters included the mean and variation coefficient in the prerest phase, the maximum and relaxation time of 5 rapid contractions, the mean and variability of EMG in 10 s tonic contraction phase, the mean and variability of EMG in 60 s endurance contraction phase, and the mean and variability of EMG in postrest phase. The differences of the above parameters between SUI group and non-SUI group were compared, the logistic regression and Spearman method were used to analyze the correlation between MOS and sEMG parameters. Results: The prevalence of SUI was 28.8%(61/212) in community, body mass index and delivery mode were the risk factors (all P<0.05). The MOS of the SUI group and the non-SUI group were 3 (2,3) and 3 (3,4), respectively, with significant difference (Z=-2.58, P=0.010). Among the sEMG parameters of SUI group and non-SUI group, the maximum values of phasic contractions were 23.12 (13.65, 37.89), 30.68 (20.28, 47.02) µV, the mean of tonic contractions were 14.32 (9.62, 21.49), 17.65 (12.05, 26.35) µV, and the mean of endurance contractions were 12.78(7.88, 18.76), 16.55(11.13, 22.40) µV, respectively, with statistical significance (Z=-2.34, -2.37, -3.20, all P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression revealed that both the variation coefficient of tonic contractions (OR=157.86, 95%CI: 1.99-12 595.51, P<0.05) and the amplitude of endurance contractions(OR=1.11, 95%CI: 1.03-1.19, P<0.05) were correlated with SUI. The tonic contractions amplitude had the tendency to be related to SUI (OR=0.95, 95%CI: 0.09-1.00, P<0.05). In all subjects, MOS was correlated with the maximum value of rapid contractions, average value of tonic contractions and average value of endurance contractions (r=0.516, 0.503, 0.464, all P<0.05). In SUI group (r=0.510, 0.442, 0.385, all P<0.05), and non-SUI group (r=0.495, 0.524, 0.488, all P<0.05), MOS was correlated with the above parameters. Conclusions: MOS and sEMG based on Glazer protocol indicate that the contractility of pelvic floor muscle decreases in SUI patients. The results of sEMG and MOS are consistent, which can be used for quantitative evaluation of pelvic floor muscle function in SUI patients.


Assuntos
Diafragma da Pelve , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse , Estudos Transversais , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Contração Muscular
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(34): 2663-2668, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921014

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the correlation between prostate imaging report and data system (PI-RADS) score and international society of uological pathology (ISUP) grade of prostate cancer (PCa) and the role of PI-RADS score in predicting the pathological features of clinically significant PCa (csPCa), positive surgical margin and pathological upgrade. Methods: The pathologically positive patients with multi-parameter magnetic resonance image (mpMRI) were included in this study. The patients with prostate specific antigen (PSA)<100 µg/L were divided into two groups: biopsy group (n=523) and RP group (n=215). The correlation between PI-RADS score and ISUP grade and the accuracy of predicting csPCa in the two groups were evaluated. In the RP group, the correlation between PI-RADS score and postoperative pathological grade or degradation and positive incisal margin was further discussed. The patients with PSA≥100 µg/L (171cases in biopsy group and 6 cases in RP group) were not included in the statistical analysis, and the results were simply described. Results: The age, prostate volume, and PSA level of biopsy group and RP group was (72±8) years vs (68±7) years, 48.3 (32-57) cm(3) vs 47.2 (32-54) cm(3), and 26.3(10.2-34.2)µg/L vs 21.7 (9.24-23.95)µg/L, respectively. The PI-RADS scores ≤ 3,4, and 5 in the biopsy group were 109,97, and 317 respectively, and those in the RP group were 61,55, and 99 respectively. There were significant differences in the composition of ISUP grades of different PI-RADS scores between the two groups (P<0.001), and there was a positive correlation between the two groups (r=0.493 in the biopsy group, r=0.671 in the RP group, both P<0.001). Using PI-RADS score to predict csPCa, biopsy group (AUC=0.764, P<0.001, 95%CI:0.710-0.819) and RP group (AUC=0.807, P<0.001, 95%CI:0.735-0.879) had certain accuracy. The PI-RADS score combined with PSA could improve the accuracy of csPCa prediction in the biopsy group (AUC=0.795,P<0.001, 95% CI:0.746-0.843) and the RP group (AUC=0.852, P<0.001, 95%CI:0.789-0.915). Compared with the pathological results of biopsy in the RP group, 52.6% of the patients showed upgrade and degrade of ISUP, and there was insignificant difference in the composition of PI-RADS scores between upgraded and degraded patients (P>0.05). However, 41.7%(27/65) of the patients with ISUP grade 1 biopsies had pathological upgrades that the patients with PI-RADS ≤ 3 accounted for 33.3%, while the patients with PI-RADS>3 accounted for 66.7%, and there was significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). After RP, 43.3% of the patients had positive surgical margins, and the patients with PI-RADS score ≤ 3, 4 and 5 were 13 (14%), 24 (25.8%) and 56 (60.2%), respectively, while the PI-RADS scores of patients with negative surgical margin were 48 (39.3%), 31(25.4%) and 43(35.2%), respectively. There was significant difference between the two groups (P<0.001). The higher the PI-RADS score, the greater the possibility of the positive surgical margin. For the patients with PSA ≥ 100 µg/L, 98.8% (169/171) patients in the biopsy group had a PI-RADS score 5. The pathological results of all patients were csPCa, of which 85.4% (146/171) had ISUP grade ≥ 4. Among them, 6 cases underwent RP, 5 cases had ISUP grade ≥ 4, all surgical margin were positive, 5 cases had seminal vesicle invasion, 3 cases had capsule invasion and 3 cases had positive pelvic lymph nodes. Conclusion: ThePI-RADS score is correlated with the ISUP grade of PCa. Combined with PSA can accurately predict csPCa. At the same time, the higher PI-RADS score, the more likely the patients with positive incisal margin after RP and Gleason score of 3+3=6 at the time of puncture will be upgraded pathologically.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sistemas de Dados , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores
20.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(9): 791-795, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894914

RESUMO

Objective: The relationship between the percentage of total cross-sectional area (% CSA) of small pulmonary vessels for the lung area in CTPA and the right ventricular function parameters in patients with pulmonary embolism. Methods: 120 patients with PE and 72 healthy subjects underwent CTPA and all date were analyzed Retrospectively. The main pulmonary artery diameter (mPA), the ratio of the main pulmonary artery to the ascending aorta diameter (rPA), right ventricle/left ventricular diameter ratio (RVd/LVd), and the pulmonary artery obstruction index (PAOI) in the PE group were measured for all subjects. The %CSA<5 mm(2) and 5-10 mm(2) for the lung area (%CSA(<5) and %CSA(5-10)) of small pulmonary vessels were measured with Image J image-processing program. According to the risk stratification of the 2018 Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Thromboembolism, PE patients were divided into medium-high risk group (RVd/LVd>1) and low-risk group (RVd/LVd<1). The indexes of PE in medium-high risk group, low risk group and control group were compared by ANOVA, and the indexes among PE subgroups were compared by independent sample t-test. Spearman correlation method was used to analyze the correlation between %CSA and right ventricular function parameters of PE patients. Results: %CSA(<5) of medium-high risk group, low-risk group and control group were (0.69±0.19)%, (0.95±0.27)% and (0.99±0.30)% (P<0.01), respectively. %CSA(5-10) of three groups were (0.63±0.15)%, (0.84±0.18)%, and (0.85±0.25)% (P<0.01), respectively; %CSA(<5) and %CSA(5-10) of medium-high risk group were lower than low-risk group and control group. %CSA(<5) and %CSA(5-10) in PE patients correlated negatively with RVd/LVd, rPA and mPA (r=-0.545/-0.549, -0.235/-0.352, -0.239/-0.298, respectively). Conclusion: The measurement of % CSA<(5) and %CSA (5-10) in CTPA were negatively correlated with RVd/LVd in patients with pulmonary embolism, which indirectly reflected the severity of the pulmonary embolism patients.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Pulmão , Artéria Pulmonar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Disfunção Ventricular Direita
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