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Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 51(4): 470-486, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452885


OBJECTIVE: Epithelium-specific ETS protein 3 (Ese-3) is a member of the ETS family that is associated with tumor progression. However, there is little knowledge about Ese-3 in skin cancer. This study was conducted to explore the effects of Ese-3 on clinical prognosis in skin cancer and the functions of HaCaT cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gene expression and clinical data were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), The Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx), and three GSE datasets (GSE15605, GSE46517, and GSE114445). Comparison of data between groups was performed by Student's t-test and chi square test. Survival analysis was performed using log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazards models. Enrichment analysis was used to predict Ese-3 related functions. Cell proliferation assays, colony formation assays, and flow cytometry were used to assess cell proliferation, while Transwell assays analyzed cell migration and invasion. RESULTS: Compared with normal tissues, the Ese-3 mRNA in cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) patients was downregulated (P<0.0001). Ese-3 mRNA was associated with the T stage (χ 2=10.015, P=0.018), clinical stage (χ 2=4.122, P=0.042), and prognosis in CMM patients (P=0.0219) and was an independent prognostic predictor in CMM (HR=1.878, P=0.048). Enrichment analysis showed that differentially expressed proteins were associated with "protein kinase B (AKT) binding." CONCLUSION: Ese-3 inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of HaCaT cells by downregulating PSIP1 and NUCKS1 expression levels to inactivate the phosphorylation of AKT.

Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/antagonistas & inibidores , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Fosfoproteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Idoso , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Células HaCaT , Humanos , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
Oncol Lett ; 20(6): 292, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33101486


Forkhead box P3 (FOXP3), an X-linked tumor suppressor gene, plays an important role in breast cancer. However, the biological functions of FOXP3 in breast cancer apoptosis remain unclear. To investigate the underlying genes and networks regulated by FOXP3 in breast cancer, RNA sequencing was performed to compare FOXP3-overexpressing MDA-MB-231 cells and control MDA-MB-231 cells. Differentially expressed genes were identified, and functional enrichment analysis comparing the two groups was performed. The differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in phagosomes, oxytocin, serotonergic synapses and the phospholipase D signaling pathway. Furthermore, gene set enrichment analysis revealed the enrichment of a gene signature associated with apoptosis in FOXP3-overexpressing MDA-MB-231 cells compared with wild-type cells. Further analysis showed that programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4), a key molecule involved in apoptosis, was overexpressed in FOXP3-MDA-MB-231 cells. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blotting showed that FOXP3 upregulated the expression of PDCD4 in breast cancer cells. Clinical sample analysis using a public database showed that the expression level of PDCD4 was associated with breast cancer clinical stages. Overall, the present study suggested that FOXP3 can promote the apoptosis of breast cancer cells by upregulating the expression of PDCD4, thus exerting a tumor suppressive function.